CN106224007A - Safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system - Google Patents

Safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106224007A
CN106224007A CN201610735409.7A CN201610735409A CN106224007A CN 106224007 A CN106224007 A CN 106224007A CN 201610735409 A CN201610735409 A CN 201610735409A CN 106224007 A CN106224007 A CN 106224007A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tunnel
monitoring
safety
personnel
management
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Pending
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CN201610735409.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘海京
涂耘
郑佳艳
王小军
杨少晨
曾知法
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China Merchants Chongqing Communications Research and Design Institute Co Ltd
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China Merchants Chongqing Communications Research and Design Institute Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610735409.7A priority Critical patent/CN106224007A/en
Publication of CN106224007A publication Critical patent/CN106224007A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F17/00Methods or devices for use in mines or tunnels, not covered elsewhere
    • E21F17/18Special adaptations of signalling or alarm devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F11/00Rescue devices or other safety devices, e.g. safety chambers or escape ways
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F17/00Methods or devices for use in mines or tunnels, not covered elsewhere
    • E21F17/18Special adaptations of signalling or alarm devices
    • E21F17/185Rock-pressure control devices with or without alarm devices; Alarm devices in case of roof subsidence

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system, relate to constructing tunnel management technique field, including tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring device, surrouding rock deformation monitoring device, tunnel environment monitoring device, personnel management system and control centre, all sidedly each side of safety for tunnel engineering is monitored in real time, geological condition to tunnel tunnel face is analyzed monitoring respectively, deformation to country rock inwall, rock mass settles, pressure etc. are monitored, the concentration of the toxic and harmful in Tunnel, temperature in Tunnel, groundwater condition, dust, wind speed, blast, noise and concussion of blasting aspect are monitored and manage the personnel positioning in hole, once monitor construction safety danger and just make early warning, reduce the generation of security incident, eliminate safe hidden trouble, avoid casualties.

Description

Safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system
Technical field
The present invention relates to constructing tunnel management technique field, particularly to a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management be System.
Background technology
At present, production safety is the most important thing in construction link, and the core of production safety is the safety of personnel.Tunnel is executed Work safety realizes the early warning of safety for tunnel engineering in the urgent need to utilizing modern advanced technology.Meanwhile, correspondingly need construction Constructing tunnel personnel round-the-clock are carried out in real time and remote visualization is from motion tracking and management by equipment and personnel tracking location. Therefore, the research managed safety for tunnel engineering early warning and visual remote has important theory significance and actual application valency Value.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning to manage system Environment and personnel in unfavorable geology in Tunnel, surrouding rock deformation, Tunnel are monitored and early warning by system in real time, reduce thing Therefore incidence rate, eliminate safe hidden trouble.
The present invention is by the techniques below means above-mentioned technical problem of solution:
The invention provides a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system, including tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring dress Put, surrouding rock deformation monitoring device, tunnel environment monitoring device, personnel management system and control centre, described tunnel unfavorable geology Monitoring device is for monitoring tunnel tunnel face geological information in real time;Described surrouding rock deformation monitoring device is for monitoring country rock knot in real time The deformation situation of structure;Described tunnel environment monitoring device is used for monitoring inside and outside portion, tunnel environment;Described personnel management system is used for Management workmen's situation in Tunnel;Described control centre is used for receiving tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring device, country rock becomes The information that shape monitoring device, tunnel environment monitoring device and personnel management system transmit, and be analyzed processing according to this information, Realize monitoring and early warning in real time to tunnel unfavorable geology, country rock deformation, tunnel environment and personnel.
Further, tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring device includes image collecting device, is used for gathering tunnel tunnel face geologic map As data;Image processing apparatus, carries out lithology according to the described tunnel tunnel face geologic image data collected to face and divides Analysis, obtains structural plane feature and the rock mass textural characteristics of face rock mass;Three-dimensional geological structural model reconstructing device, by described knot Structure region feature and rock mass textural characteristics carry out three-dimensional geological structural model reconstruction, and face carries out geological analysis, geology section Rear generation log sheet;First communication module, for being sent to control centre by log sheet.
Further, image collecting device includes camera head, infrared radiation thermometer, laser range finder and auxiliary lighting apparatus, Described camera head is arranged on the dead ahead of face, can completely shoot the image of whole face, described infrared radiation thermometer and Laser range finder is arranged side by side with camera head respectively, and described auxiliary lighting apparatus is arranged on the non-imaged areas of camera head.
Further, image processing apparatus includes being sequentially connected with image scaled modular converter, image pre-processing module, border Extraction module, structural surface information extraction module and structural surface information analyze module.
Further, surrouding rock deformation monitoring device includes sensor group, the automatic acquisition control module and second being sequentially connected with Communication module, described sensor group becomes for the monitoring displacement deformation of country rock inwall respectively, pressure change, concrete strain power The information such as change, variations in temperature, variation in water pressure;Described automatic acquisition control module does not gather signal for controlling sensor components Cycle and the frequency of the described signal of transmission;Described sensor group will collect signal by second communication module and be sent in control The heart.
Further, tunnel environment monitoring device includes environment monitoring device in Tunnel, environmental monitoring in described Tunnel Device include for detect the gas-detecting device of gas concentration in Tunnel, in detecting Tunnel the environment of environmental aspect Key element detection device, for process data processor, for send alarm signal alarm device and for show normal or First display device of abnormal conditions, for processing the exception control device of abnormal conditions and for transmitting the third communication of data Module, described gas-detecting device, environmental key-element detection device, alarm device, the first display device, exception control device and the Three communication modules are connected with processor respectively.
Further, environmental key-element detection device includes temperature sensor, hydraulic pressure sensor, flow transducer, dust sensing Device, air velocity transducer, wind pressure sensor, noise transducer and acceleration transducer, described temperature sensor, hydraulic pressure sensor, Flow transducer, dust sensor, air velocity transducer, wind pressure sensor, noise transducer and acceleration transducer respectively with place Reason device connects.
Further, personnel management system includes that described personnel are fixed by entering the personnel positioning release that tunnel personnel carry RFID location label and UWB is had to position label on the release of position;The multiple locating base station being arranged in Tunnel, according to tunnel Practical situation is installed, and is provided with RFID reception module and UWB receiver module, with described personnel positioning release in described locating base station On RFID location label and UWB location label carry out radio communication obtain personnel positioning information;Server, by wired or nothing Line mode is connected with locating base station, receives and process the personnel positioning information that locating base station transmits;Second display device, is used for showing Show the relevant information of workmen.
Further, outside RFID reception module is separately positioned on Tunnel, two linings apply district, inverted arch applies district and excavation operation District, described UWB receiver module is arranged on excavation operation area.
Further, personnel positioning release is additionally provided with gsm communication module, the 3rd display device, key circuit, voice mould Block, single-chip microcomputer and battery feed circuit, described gsm communication module, the 3rd display device, key circuit, voice module respectively with Single-chip microcomputer connects, and single-chip microcomputer is connected with battery feed circuit.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system of the present invention, is carried out each side of safety for tunnel engineering all sidedly Monitoring, the geological condition to tunnel tunnel face is analyzed monitoring, deformation to country rock inwall, rock mass sedimentation, pressure etc. respectively Be monitored, the concentration of toxic and harmful in Tunnel, the temperature in Tunnel, groundwater condition, dust, wind speed, wind Pressure, noise and concussion of blasting aspect is monitored and manages the personnel positioning in hole, once monitored construction safety dangerous Just make early warning, reduce the generation of security incident, eliminate safe hidden trouble, it is to avoid casualties.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The invention will be further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the theory diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the theory diagram of the tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the theory diagram of the image processing apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the theory diagram of the surrouding rock deformation monitoring device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 be the present invention Tunnel in the theory diagram of environmental device.
Fig. 6 is the theory diagram of the personnel management system of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the theory diagram of the personnel positioning release of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below with reference to accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail, as shown in figs. 1-7:
The safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system of the present invention, becomes including tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring device, country rock Shape monitoring device, tunnel environment monitoring device, personnel management system, communication module and control centre, described tunnel unfavorable geology Monitoring device is for monitoring tunnel tunnel face geological information in real time;Described surrouding rock deformation monitoring device is for monitoring country rock knot in real time The deformation situation of structure;Described tunnel environment monitoring device is used for monitoring the inside and outside environment of Tunnel;Described personnel management system is used for Management workmen's situation in Tunnel;Described control centre is used for receiving tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring device, country rock becomes The information that shape monitoring device, tunnel environment monitoring device and personnel management system are transmitted by communication module, and according to this information It is analyzed processing, it is achieved monitoring and the early warning in real time to tunnel unfavorable geology, country rock deformation, tunnel environment and personnel.Tunnel Safety monitoring during construction pre-warning management system reality to tunnel unfavorable geology, surrouding rock deformation, tunnel environment and personal management all sidedly Time monitoring and early warning, reduce tunnel accident and occur, eliminate safe hidden trouble, it is to avoid casualties, simultaneously can be in Tunnel Workmen carries out being accurately positioned management, it is simple to emergency command and rescue to personnel when having an accident.
Tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring device is to be monitored tunnel tunnel face geological condition, including image collecting device, Gather tunnel tunnel face geologic image data;Image processing apparatus, according to the described tunnel tunnel face geologic image number collected Carry out lithologic analysis according to face, obtain face structural plane feature and rock mass textural characteristics;Three-dimensional geological structural model weight Build device, face structural plane feature and rock mass textural characteristics are carried out three-dimensional geological structural model reconstruction, face is carried out Generating log sheet after the section of geological analysis, geology, log sheet is sent to control centre.
Image collecting device, including camera head, infrared radiation thermometer, laser range finder and auxiliary lighting apparatus, shooting dress Put the dead ahead being arranged on face, can completely shoot the image of whole face, infrared radiation thermometer and laser range finder respectively Being arranged side by side with camera head, auxiliary lighting apparatus is arranged on the non-imaged areas of camera head.In order to improve accuracy of detection, take the photograph As device selects the digital camera that valid pixel number is the highest and image quality is the best, the digital camera model of employing is Canon EOS45OD slr camera, its maximum camera resolution is 4272x2848, i.e. 12,200,000 pixels, and camera lens is that Zeiss, Germany becomes Focal length lens, focal length is 18-55mm, and camera can automatic or manual focusing.Due to the powder mixed in dark, air in tunnel Dirt is more, and has a certain distance between camera and measured target object, takes the photograph so the flash lamp that camera carries cannot meet Take the requirement of high quality graphic, difficulty can be brought to image procossing, also directly influence the precision of photogrammetric result, therefore, In actual face geologic image gatherer process, iodine-tungsten lamp is utilized to illuminate face, so that face geologic image reaches system Processing brightness requirement, imaging effect is more preferable.Camera head is arranged on the dead ahead of face, and camera head is arranged on spider On, just shoot complete face region with phase function and be advisable.Through the central point cross line of face by described mesh Mark object is divided into 4 parts, respectively the destination object of 4 parts is shot imaging respectively, need to ensure the weight having more than 20% between image Folded degree, is respectively provided with steel ruler in the bottom of every part and measures the face abutment wall distance to central point, by described distance and image In corresponding 2 pixel values, calculate the in kind and ratio conversion coefficient of image.Face to be measured is divided into 4 parts, respectively This 4 part is shot, carries out at image after the most again the image of 4 parts being rabbeted into complete face geologic image Reason, can analyze the parameters such as unfavorable geology such as soft soil type, scope, joint spacing by face geologic image.To treat Survey face is divided into 4 parts and is acquired, and can improve the image quality gathering image, beneficially later image and process, improve figure The accuracy of picture.Laser range finder for determining the installation site of camera head, go back subsidiary lining cutting surface smooth degree, Determine joint parameters.Infrared radiation thermometer, for measuring the temperature of face, determines groundwater occurrence scope by temperature, according to reality The ratio converting system of thing and image can calculate the actual distribution scope of subsoil water.Laser range finder, auxiliary lighting apparatus Being arranged side by side with camera head, auxiliary lighting apparatus can not be placed on the imaging region of camera head, can affect view data.Adopt Combine the information to face with camera head, infrared radiation thermometer, three kinds of instruments of laser range finder, make face ground The data of matter record system record more comprehensively, accurately, are laid a good foundation for Geological data collecting prediction.
Can accurately, quickly to the geologic image of tunnel tunnel face be acquired, at image by image collecting device Reason device carries out lithologic analysis to face image, obtains face structural plane feature and rock mass textural characteristics, passes through face Structural plane feature and rock mass textural characteristics carry out three-dimensional geological structural model reconstruction, and three-dimensional geological structural model is carried out cutting, Observed the change of its internal phenomena by cutting plane, intuitive is strong.Observe rock mass discontinuity by three-dimensional geological structural model to produce Shape, analysis rock stratum tendency, prediction deathtrap etc., the safe construction for tunnel provides timely auxiliary reference, the most logical The mode crossing geologic prediction avoids the occurrence of the casualties that the factors such as tunnel subsides, subsoil water spreads unchecked cause.Control centre according to The log sheet analyses and prediction generated go out face geological condition, make early warning instruction in advance, and minimizing accident occurs.
Image scaled modular converter that image processing apparatus includes being sequentially connected with, image pre-processing module, Boundary Extraction mould Block, structural surface information extraction module and structural surface information analyze module.Image scaled modular converter, by tunnel tunnel face two 2 pixel values corresponding in the individual actual range indicating point and image, calculate the in kind and ratio conversion coefficient of image.
Image pre-processing module includes greyscale transformation, color balance, brightness/contrast adjusts, form and aspect/saturation is adjusted One or more combinations whole, image filtering, masking-out carry out image procossing, to reach to improve tunnel tunnel face geologic image quality Purpose, these image processing methods are the image processing method that prior art is conventional.
Three-dimensional geological structural model reconstructing device includes three-dimension modeling module, the three-dimensional geological prediction mould being sequentially connected with Block, three-dimensional geological section module and generation geologic section module.Three-dimension modeling module utilizes treated face Image obtains structural plane feature and rock mass characteristics and carries out three-dimensional modeling by OpenGL technology.Three-dimensional geological prediction module passes through three Tunnel tunnel face geology is predicted by dimension modeling, it was predicted that the tunnel geology situation do not excavated, and provides data for next step construction Reference.Three-dimensional geological section module, for three-dimensional space model is carried out cutting, is best understood from tunnel geology situation.Generate ground Matter profile module generates log sheet after cutting, is visually known geological condition.
Surrouding rock deformation monitoring device includes the sensor group of connection and automatic acquisition control module, and sensor components is not monitored The information such as the change of the displacement deformation of country rock inwall, pressure, the change of concrete strain power, variations in temperature, variation in water pressure;Automatically gather Control module does not gather the cycle of signal for controlling sensor components and sends the frequency of described signal;Sensor group is by logical Letter module will collect signal and be sent to control centre.Sensor group includes the convergence gauge for monitoring tunnel surrounding convergence;With In monitoring vault sinking, the automatic total instruments of surface subsidence;For monitoring the multi-point displacement sensor of country rock body sedimentation;For supervising The pressure cell of the pressure between survey pressure from surrounding rock and two-layer supporting;For monitoring the anchor ergometer of anchor axial force;For monitoring The reinforcing rib meter of reinforcement stresses;For monitoring the strain gauge of steel arch-shelf strain;Concrete for monitoring two lining concrete stress should Become meter;For monitoring the acceleration transducer of concussion of blasting;For monitoring the osmometer of seepage pressure;For monitoring discharge Effusion meter;The temperature sensor of the variations in temperature in monitoring Tunnel.This device passes through sensor group to country rock inwall The informations such as deformation, rock mass sedimentation, pressure, then through communication module, the information collected is sent to control centre, The relevant information of country rock is processed by control centre, if it find that the information gathered exists does not meets associated tunnel construction rule Model, the data of regulatory requirements, control centre controls to send alarm signal, and warning workmen take care.
Tunnel environment monitoring device includes environment monitoring device and Tunnel external environment monitoring device in Tunnel.Tunnel Interior environment monitoring device include for detect the gas-detecting device of gas concentration in Tunnel, in detecting Tunnel environment Situation environmental key-element detection device, for process data processor, for send alarm signal alarm device and for Display is normal or the first display device of abnormal conditions, for processing the exception control device of abnormal conditions and for transmitting data Third communication module, described gas-detecting device, environmental key-element detection device, alarm device, the first display device, abnormal control Device processed and third communication module are connected with processor respectively.Toxic and harmful in gas-detecting device detection Tunnel Concentration, environmental key-element detection device is mainly to the temperature in Tunnel, groundwater condition, dust, wind speed, blast, noise and quick-fried Carrying out in terms of broken vibrations detects, and the data detected in real time are transmitted everywhere by gas-detecting device and environmental key-element detection device Reason device, data are processed by processor, if it find that there is data exception, processor then controls alarm device work, and the Show in one display device, and control the work of exception control device, make emergency measure, reduce abnormal conditions and cause danger, place Reason device is sent to remote control center by third communication module after all data detected are stored.Environment prison in Tunnel Survey device not only to realize toxic and harmful concentration is monitored, it is also possible to other environmental key-elements in monitoring Tunnel, When having monitored data exception, processor makes emergency measure, the generation of minimizing accident in time, and sends alarm signal, and handle Real-time Monitoring Data is sent to remote control center, notifies management personnel in time.
Environmental key-element detection device includes temperature sensor, hydraulic pressure sensor, flow transducer, dust sensor, wind speed Sensor, wind pressure sensor, noise transducer and acceleration transducer, described temperature sensor, hydraulic pressure sensor, flow sensing Device, dust sensor, air velocity transducer, wind pressure sensor, noise transducer and acceleration transducer are connected with processor respectively. Hydraulic pressure sensor and flow transducer are arranged on subsurface, for detecting hydraulic pressure and the flow of subsoil water.Groundwater run off early warning Classification: L≤100m3/ d, for level Four, slight water disaster;100m3/ d < L≤1000m3/ d, is three grades, general water damage;1000m3/ D < L≤10000m3/ d, is two grades, more serious water damage;L > 10000m3/ d is one-level, serious water damage.Wind speed and blast sensing Device is arranged in tunnel return airway, is used for detecting ventilation wind speed and blast, and air velocity transducer is to ensure that the important instrument of safety in production Device;Use ultrasound wave vortex principle, no-rotary part, dependable performance, can long time continuous working, when wind speed less than alarm point or During higher than upper limit alarm point, sound and light alarm can be sent, there is certainty of measurement height, wide ranges, the feature such as easy to maintenance.Acceleration passes Sensor is arranged in tunnel-side, is used for detecting concussion of blasting intensity, and acceleration transducer can be to microvibration and superpower vibration Measure.
Personnel management system includes by entering the personnel positioning release that tunnel personnel carry, described personnel positioning release On have RFID location label and UWB position label;The multiple locating base station being arranged in Tunnel, according to the practical situation in tunnel Install, be provided with RFID reception module and UWB receiver module in described locating base station, with the RFID on described personnel positioning release Location label and UWB location label carry out radio communication and obtain personnel positioning information;Server, by wired or wireless mode with Locating base station connects, and receives and process the personnel positioning information that locating base station transmits;Second display device, is used for showing constructor The relevant information of member.Second display device is LED display, and LED display is connected with server.On personnel positioning release Unique coding of correspondence is had on RFID location label and UWB location label, corresponding with the information of workmen.UWB label The UWB pulse signal sent is received by locating base station and transmits, and uses signal arrival time difference (TDOA) to measure technology, and it is fixed to make The physical location of the workmen carrying personnel positioning release is found in base station, position by UWB label, and positioning precision is up to 10cm. Personnel positioning release may be provided on the safety helmet of workmen or on working clothing.By tunnel subregion, it is divided into outside Tunnel District, two lining apply district, inverted arch applies district, excavation operation area, the construction risk that workmen is positioned at outside Tunnel is little, is positioned at two linings Applying district's risk less, be positioned at inverted arch and apply district's risk typically, the risk being positioned at excavation operation area is relatively big, and locating base station sets respectively Put at Tunnel outskirt, two linings apply district, inverted arch applies district, excavation operation area, apply district, inverted arch at Tunnel outskirt, two linings Apply district, excavation operation area and RFID reception module is set.RFID location label in personnel positioning release is the most outside Sending a secondary data (wireless signal), these data are received by the locating base station of surrounding, and locating base station can after data process Determine the location release having which personnel about.Due to personnel positioning release and personnel's one_to_one corresponding, such that it is able to know Which personnel road has near locating base station.Meanwhile, server can send according to the personnel positioning release that base station receives The signal intensity of wireless signal, it is judged that carry the personnel of this personnel positioning release and the distance of locating base station, it is judged that should Personnel's Position Approximate in tunnel, intuitively obtains workmen's distribution situation in Tunnel, personal information, enters hole, goes out The time in hole, personnel take action path etc., it is achieved the attendance management to personnel, and workmen position in tunnel is passed through LED display shows.Locating base station in high risk excavation operation area is also provided with UWB receiver module, to excessive risk The personnel of areas adjacent are accurately positioned, it is simple to when there is emergency, the position of the accurate personnel judged in high risk zone, It is beneficial to contingency management and rescue.
Gsm communication module, the 3rd display device, key circuit, voice module, monolithic it is additionally provided with on personnel positioning release Machine and battery feed circuit, described gsm communication module, the 3rd display device, key circuit, voice module are respectively with single-chip microcomputer even Connecing, single-chip microcomputer is connected with battery feed circuit.Gsm communication module is used for workmen at stake to the personnel of tunnel outer Send message.The 3rd display device on personnel positioning release uses LCDs, is used for showing position residing for workmen Putting the position route with escape truck, voice module runs away to escape truck in time reporting safety notice or face a danger Path.Personnel positioning release arranges gsm communication module, the 3rd display device, key circuit, voice module, single-chip microcomputer And battery feed circuit, convenient construction personnel pass through note communication with the outside world when sending burst accident in Tunnel, and receive The outside emergency escape route sent, beneficially management and rescue to workmen during certain danger.
The safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system of the present invention, is carried out each side of safety for tunnel engineering all sidedly Monitoring, the geological condition to tunnel tunnel face is analyzed monitoring, deformation to country rock inwall, rock mass sedimentation, pressure etc. respectively Be monitored, the concentration of toxic and harmful in Tunnel, the temperature in Tunnel, groundwater condition, dust, wind speed, wind Pressure, noise and concussion of blasting aspect is monitored and manages the personnel positioning in hole, once monitored construction safety dangerous Just make early warning, reduce the generation of security incident, eliminate safe hidden trouble, it is to avoid casualties.
Finally illustrating, above example is only in order to illustrate technical scheme and unrestricted, although with reference to relatively The present invention has been described in detail by good embodiment, it will be understood by those within the art that, can be to the skill of the present invention Art scheme is modified or equivalent, and without deviating from objective and the scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be contained at this In the middle of the right of invention.

Claims (10)

1. safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system, it is characterised in that: include that tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring device, country rock become Shape monitoring device, tunnel environment monitoring device, personnel management system and control centre, described tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring device is used In monitoring tunnel tunnel face geological information in real time;Described surrouding rock deformation monitoring device is for the deformation feelings of monitoring surrounding rock structure in real time Condition;Described tunnel environment monitoring device is used for monitoring inside and outside portion, tunnel environment;Described personnel management system is used for managing constructor Member's situation in Tunnel;Described control centre be used for receiving tunnel unfavorable geology monitoring device, surrouding rock deformation monitoring device, The information that tunnel environment monitoring device and personnel management system transmit, and be analyzed processing according to this information, it is achieved to tunnel Monitoring and the early warning in real time of unfavorable geology, country rock deformation, tunnel environment and personnel.
2. safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described tunnel is poorly Matter monitoring device includes image collecting device, is used for gathering tunnel tunnel face geologic image data;Image processing apparatus, according to institute Stating the tunnel tunnel face geologic image data collected and face is carried out lithologic analysis, the structural plane obtaining face rock mass is special Seek peace rock mass textural characteristics;Three-dimensional geological structural model reconstructing device, is carried out described structural plane feature and rock mass textural characteristics Three-dimensional geological structural model is rebuild, and generates log sheet after face carries out geological analysis, geology section;First communication mould Block, for being sent to control centre by log sheet.
3. safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described image collector Put and include that camera head, infrared radiation thermometer, laser range finder and auxiliary lighting apparatus, described camera head are arranged on face Dead ahead, can completely shoot the image of whole face, and described infrared radiation thermometer and laser range finder are respectively with camera head also Row is arranged, and described auxiliary lighting apparatus is arranged on the non-imaged areas of camera head.
4. safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: described image procossing fills Put and include that the image scaled modular converter being sequentially connected with, image pre-processing module, Boundary Extraction module, structural surface information extract mould Block and structural surface information analyze module.
5. safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described surrouding rock deformation is supervised Survey device and include that the sensor group being sequentially connected with, automatic acquisition control module and second communication module, described sensor group are used for Monitor the information such as the displacement deformation of country rock inwall, pressure change, the change of concrete strain power, variations in temperature, variation in water pressure respectively; Described automatic acquisition control module does not gather the cycle of signal for controlling sensor components and sends the frequency of described signal;Institute State sensor group to collect signal be sent to control centre by second communication module.
6. safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described tunnel environment is supervised Surveying device and include environment monitoring device in Tunnel, in described Tunnel, environment monitoring device includes gas in detecting Tunnel The gas-detecting device of bulk concentration, in detecting Tunnel the environmental key-element detection device of environmental aspect, for processing data Processor, for sending the alarm device of alarm signal and for showing normal or the first display device of abnormal conditions, use In processing the exception control device of abnormal conditions and for transmitting the third communication module of data, described gas-detecting device, ring Border key element detection device, alarm device, the first display device, exception control device and third communication module are respectively with processor even Connect.
7. safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that: described environmental key-element is examined Survey device include temperature sensor, hydraulic pressure sensor, flow transducer, dust sensor, air velocity transducer, wind pressure sensor, Noise transducer and acceleration transducer, described temperature sensor, hydraulic pressure sensor, flow transducer, dust sensor, wind speed Sensor, wind pressure sensor, noise transducer and acceleration transducer are connected with processor respectively.
8. safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described personal management system System includes by entering the personnel positioning release that carries of tunnel personnel, described personnel positioning release has RFID location label and UWB positions label;The multiple locating base station being arranged in Tunnel, install according to the practical situation in tunnel, described locating base station Inside it is provided with RFID reception module and UWB receiver module, positions label and UWB location with the RFID on described personnel positioning release Label carries out radio communication and obtains personnel positioning information;Server, is connected with locating base station by wired or wireless mode, receives The personnel positioning information transmitted with process locating base station;Second display device, for showing the relevant information of workmen.
9. safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that: described RFID reception mould Block is separately positioned on outside Tunnel, two linings apply district, inverted arch applies district and excavation operation area, and described UWB receiver module is arranged on Excavation operation area.
10. safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that: described personnel positioning It is additionally provided with gsm communication module, the 3rd display device, key circuit, voice module, single-chip microcomputer and battery on release to power electricity Road, described gsm communication module, the 3rd display device, key circuit, voice module be connected with single-chip microcomputer respectively, single-chip microcomputer and electricity Pond power supply circuits connect.
CN201610735409.7A 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 Safety for tunnel engineering monitoring and warning management system Pending CN106224007A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN107091614A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-08-25 山东大学 A kind of full-automatic real-time system for monitoring and pre-warning of Tunnel Landslide falling rocks and method
CN107170205A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-09-15 浙江图讯科技股份有限公司 A kind of checking maintenance method for early warning and its early warning system
CN107544326A (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-01-05 深圳市易联智道科技有限公司 Ensure the multifunction monitoring system of construction site security
CN107677365A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-09 招商局重庆交通科研设计院有限公司 A kind of highway tunnel illumination brightness device for fast detecting and method
CN108170997A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-06-15 中国人民武装警察部队学院 A kind of method for early warning and system of vertical fixed-roof oil tank
CN108343472A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-07-31 大连理工大学 A kind of constructing tunnel blasting environment effect intelligent appraisement system
CN108547665A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-09-18 淮阴工学院 A kind of tunnel in cold area freeze injury early warning system and its method
CN108877296A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-11-23 江苏省送变电有限公司 A kind of collision avoidance system based on Internet of Things
CN108999612A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-14 南昌工程学院 A kind of constructing metro tunnel safety monitoring system Internet-based
CN109557284A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-04-02 四川省交通运输厅交通勘察设计研究院 A kind of tunnel surrounding rank intelligent quickly decision-making system and method
CN109598906A (en) * 2018-12-17 2019-04-09 淮阴工学院 Method is sentenced in a kind of foundation pit Tunnel Engineering security risk early warning survey
CN109696156A (en) * 2017-10-23 2019-04-30 南京大学 Tunnel tunnel face geological information fast acquiring method based on close-range photogrammetry
CN109697826A (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-04-30 广州轨道交通建设监理有限公司 A kind of tunnel monitoring system and tunnel monitoring method
CN109707452A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-05-03 四川省交通运输厅交通勘察设计研究院 A kind of remote operating system for tunnel tunnel face Grades of Surrounding Rock intelligent decision
CN110056394A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-07-26 中交一公局桥隧工程有限公司 A kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring device and its control system
CN110095182A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-06 西南交通大学 Tunnel Noise detection device and method
CN110847972A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-02-28 成都轨道建设管理有限公司 Tunnel safety detection early warning system for subway construction
CN111769644A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-10-13 广州百畅信息科技有限公司 Monitoring system based on power grid safety

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107091614B (en) * 2017-05-16 2019-07-16 山东大学 A kind of full-automatic real-time monitoring-early warning system of Tunnel Landslide falling rocks and method
CN107091614A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-08-25 山东大学 A kind of full-automatic real-time system for monitoring and pre-warning of Tunnel Landslide falling rocks and method
CN107170205A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-09-15 浙江图讯科技股份有限公司 A kind of checking maintenance method for early warning and its early warning system
CN107544326A (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-01-05 深圳市易联智道科技有限公司 Ensure the multifunction monitoring system of construction site security
CN107677365B (en) * 2017-10-19 2019-12-31 招商局重庆交通科研设计院有限公司 Rapid detection device and method for illumination brightness of highway tunnel
CN107677365A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-09 招商局重庆交通科研设计院有限公司 A kind of highway tunnel illumination brightness device for fast detecting and method
CN109696156A (en) * 2017-10-23 2019-04-30 南京大学 Tunnel tunnel face geological information fast acquiring method based on close-range photogrammetry
CN108343472A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-07-31 大连理工大学 A kind of constructing tunnel blasting environment effect intelligent appraisement system
CN108170997B (en) * 2018-02-07 2021-04-16 中国人民武装警察部队学院 Early warning method and system for vertical fixed-roof oil tank
CN108170997A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-06-15 中国人民武装警察部队学院 A kind of method for early warning and system of vertical fixed-roof oil tank
CN108547665A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-09-18 淮阴工学院 A kind of tunnel in cold area freeze injury early warning system and its method
CN108547665B (en) * 2018-03-20 2020-04-07 淮阴工学院 Cold region tunnel freeze injury early warning system and method thereof
CN108999612A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-14 南昌工程学院 A kind of constructing metro tunnel safety monitoring system Internet-based
CN108877296B (en) * 2018-08-01 2021-05-14 江苏省送变电有限公司 Anti-collision system based on Internet of things
CN108877296A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-11-23 江苏省送变电有限公司 A kind of collision avoidance system based on Internet of Things
CN109707452A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-05-03 四川省交通运输厅交通勘察设计研究院 A kind of remote operating system for tunnel tunnel face Grades of Surrounding Rock intelligent decision
CN109598906A (en) * 2018-12-17 2019-04-09 淮阴工学院 Method is sentenced in a kind of foundation pit Tunnel Engineering security risk early warning survey
CN109697826A (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-04-30 广州轨道交通建设监理有限公司 A kind of tunnel monitoring system and tunnel monitoring method
CN109557284A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-04-02 四川省交通运输厅交通勘察设计研究院 A kind of tunnel surrounding rank intelligent quickly decision-making system and method
CN109557284B (en) * 2019-01-31 2021-07-20 四川省交通运输厅交通勘察设计研究院 Tunnel surrounding rock level intelligent rapid determination system and method
CN110056394A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-07-26 中交一公局桥隧工程有限公司 A kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring device and its control system
CN110095182A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-06 西南交通大学 Tunnel Noise detection device and method
CN110847972A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-02-28 成都轨道建设管理有限公司 Tunnel safety detection early warning system for subway construction
CN111769644A (en) * 2020-07-08 2020-10-13 广州百畅信息科技有限公司 Monitoring system based on power grid safety

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Application publication date: 20161214