CN105096532B - A kind of geological hazards prediction system - Google Patents

A kind of geological hazards prediction system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105096532B
CN105096532B CN201510469362.XA CN201510469362A CN105096532B CN 105096532 B CN105096532 B CN 105096532B CN 201510469362 A CN201510469362 A CN 201510469362A CN 105096532 B CN105096532 B CN 105096532B
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module
data
geological
result
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CN105096532A (en
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杨斌谊
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Xian Shiyou University
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Xian Shiyou University
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/10Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to calamitous events, e.g. tornados or earthquakes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of geological hazards prediction system, including sensor assembly, infrared camera, data transmission module, monitoring center, data processing module, expert's evaluation module, 3-D effect generation module, display screen and human-machine operation module.The present invention can accurately predict the time range of geological disaster generation, geographic range, and three-dimensional generation module can be passed through, geological condition is presented in face of staff, allow the observation and the situation of change for experiencing geology that staff is on the spot in person, further improve the accuracy of prediction.

Description

A kind of geological hazards prediction system
Technical field
The present invention relates to Geological Hazards Monitoring fields, and in particular to a kind of geological hazards prediction system.
Background technology
Geological disaster refers to due to the burst that geologic process (natural, artificial or comprehensive) generates geological environment Or progressive destruction, and the phenomenon that cause human life's property loss or event.The geology such as mud-rock flow, landslide, earth subsidence in recent years Disaster takes place frequently, and the life and property to people bring huge loss.Various geological disasters how are tackled, improve the whole society Diaster prevention and control reduces casualty loss, is the urgent task that we face.Current Geological Disaster Warning System combines more Kind environmental data measuring cell, and passed the data measured by measuring cell and image by local monitoring device using communication network To main monitoring device, then monitoring information is reached into responsible department, to accelerate disaster relief work, but the system it is unpredictable go out monitoring section The precipitation in domain detects monitoring region or the quantitative displacement information of object, and is believed according to precipitable water and space displacement in real time Cease automatic early-warning;The system needs to install substantial amounts of sensor simultaneously, of high cost;Or rainfall, infrared displacement sensor are utilized, By wireless network implementation be transmitted to data center, in real time monitoring landslide, collapse region reality rainfall intensity, rainfall duration, The status information and crag slip information for coming down and collapsing, objectively comprehensive monitoring, the rainfall threshold values on the critical landslide of assessment, landslide Evolution process, state and landslide, grade of caving in, but the unpredictable precipitable water of the system, and displacement information precision is low can not Realize terminal user's early warning of networking.The model meaning people et al. (2008) are pre- applied to Geological Hazards by GPS technology In police, accurate displacement deformation information is provided for Geological Hazards Monitoring and early warning;Relax sea wing et al. (2010) by improve it is hard, Software configuration and independent wireless local area network building have developed and deform GPS real-time monitoring systems, tool applied to geological disaster There is the features such as round-the-clock, automation, field complex environment are applicable in, and can ensure the precision of monitoring well, but do not consider Associating between the geological disasters such as precipitation and landslide, it is impossible to according to the informixes warning such as displacement information and precipitation, together When unilaterally calculated by software for calculation, the accuracy of prediction is relatively low, the result detected be also simple data or Person's graphic form, the real situation for the observation geology that staff can not be on the spot in person.
The content of the invention
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of geological hazards prediction systems, geology calamity can be accurately predicted Time range, the geographic range of evil generation, and geological condition by three-dimensional generation module, can be presented in the face of staff Before so that the observation and the situation of change for experiencing geology that staff can be on the spot in person further improve the accurate of prediction Degree.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution taken of the present invention is:
A kind of geological hazards prediction system, including
Sensor assembly, for obtaining geological environment data in real time;
Infrared camera, for gathering the video data of geological environment in real time;
Data transmission module, for the geological environment data and video data that will obtain by network transmission to data storage Module is stored, and is sent to monitoring module and is carried out data processing, and is sent to expert's evaluation module, carry out risk assessment and Early warning;
Monitoring center for receiving the geological environment data and video data of monitoring module output, and environmental data is turned The form that being changed to computing module can identify passes to data processing module, converts video data into 3-D effect generation module institute The form that can be identified is sent to 3-D effect generation module;
Data processing module for calculating environmental data, draws geological environment as a result, and by gained geological environment As a result it is sent to display screen to be shown and stored, the geological environment result of gained is converted into 3-D effect generation module institute energy The form of identification is sent to 3-D effect production module;
Expert's evaluation module, for the typical geological environment data of store various types and its geological disaster that may be brought Situation, for the geological environment received data and the data that are stored to be carried out similar degree comparison, and by comparison result according to After similarity carries out ascending or descending order sequence, display screen is sent to;Inside set a web crawlers process, for search in a network with The relevant webpage of geological environment data or document received, and query result is sent to display screen;
3-D effect generation module, for receiving the order of monitoring center, by received video data and geology ring After the result data fusion treatment of border, various simulation geological environments are generated, including 180 ° of three-dimensional column ring curtains, high performance graphics clusters Server and six groups of 3D projecting apparatus towards six Channel Synchronous parallel image computings, cover various geological condition images, and give in detail Carefully portray;
Display screen, for showing geology environmental consequences, expert's assessment result and network-related data query result, and base Two-dimensional result figure, the three-dimensional result figure of characterization geological environment are exported in geological environment result;
Human-machine operation module, for inputting information call instruction, the monitoring center is according to information call instruction, from data The data message needed for people is called in storage module;The data message called by display screen display monitoring center.
Wherein, the sensor assembly includes displacement sensor, Slope Transducer, rainfall amount sensor, soil temperature and humidity Sensor, river surface height of water level sensor, rock water content detector and meteorological sensor.
Wherein, the data processing module includes
Geometric model creation module, for being based on research area's hydrogeologic condition, topography and geomorphology establish it is corresponding several What model;
Model layers module, for receiving the geometrical model for establishing the output of geometrical model module, and to the geometry Model is layered;
Boundary demarcation processing module, for being based on research area's actual landform landforms, geological condition sets the geometrical model Border;
Entity setting up module for representing whether a region has river, rainfall, evaporation, sets the geometrical model Source sink term;
Mesh generation module, for carrying out mesh generation to the geometrical model;
For receiving the environmental data that the monitoring modular obtains, the environmental data is passed for parameter input module It send to the input parameter module;
Mathematical model selecting module, for based on the geologic hazard type to be solved, selecting mathematical model module type;
Model solution computing module, for the mathematical model module selected based on the mathematical model selecting module, The solution computing module is selected to calculate mathematical model;
Model correction module, for compared with measured result, carrying out parameter adjustment, making analog result pre- analog result It coincide in fixed error range with measured result;
Parameter Sensitivity Analysis module, for the influence of the spatial and temporal distributions based on parameter value, boundary condition uncertainty, really Determine influence degree of the uncertainty to the model after correction.
Wherein, expert's evaluation module is connected with a data update module, for passing through 3G network, Wi-Fi network side Data in formula update expert's evaluation module.
Wherein, infrared ray sensor is installed on the infrared camera, for detecting the scope that camera group is monitored, And detection information is sent to monitoring center.
Wherein, one is further included for electric installation, is solar generator or wind-driven generator for electric installation.
The invention has the advantages that:
Can accurately predict geological disaster generation time range, geographic range, and can by three-dimensional generation module, Geological condition is presented in face of staff so that the observation that staff can be on the spot in person and the variation for experiencing geology Situation further improves the accuracy of prediction.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure diagram of geological hazards prediction system of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to which objects and advantages of the present invention are more clearly understood, the present invention is carried out with reference to embodiments further It is described in detail.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to limit this hair It is bright.
As shown in Figure 1, an embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of geological hazards prediction system, including
Sensor assembly 4, for obtaining geological environment data in real time;
Infrared camera 5, for gathering the video data of geological environment in real time;
Data transmission module 2, geological environment data and video data for that will obtain are stored up by network transmission to data Storing module 3 is stored, and is sent to monitoring module and is carried out data processing, and is sent to expert's evaluation module, carries out commenting for risk Estimate and early warning;
Monitoring center 1 for receiving the geological environment data and video data of monitoring module output, and environmental data is turned The form that being changed to computing module can identify passes to data processing module, converts video data into 3-D effect generation module institute The form that can be identified is sent to 3-D effect generation module;
Data processing module 7 for calculating environmental data, draws geological environment as a result, and by gained geology ring Border result is sent to display screen and is shown and stored, and the geological environment result of gained is converted into 3-D effect generation module institute The form that can be identified is sent to 3-D effect production module;
Expert's evaluation module 8, for the typical geological environment data of store various types and its geology calamity that may be brought Evil situation, for the geological environment received data and the data stored to be carried out similar degree comparison, and comparison result is pressed After carrying out ascending or descending order sequence according to similarity, display screen is sent to;A web crawlers process is inside set, for searching in a network With the relevant webpage of geological environment data or document received, and query result is sent to display screen;
3-D effect generation module 10, for receiving the order of monitoring center, by received video data and geology After environmental consequences Data Fusion, various simulation geological environments are generated, including 180 ° of three-dimensional column ring curtains, high performance graphics collection Group's server and six groups of 3D projecting apparatus, towards six Channel Synchronous parallel image computings, cover various geological condition images, and give It portrays in detail;
Display screen 6, for showing geology environmental consequences, expert's assessment result and network-related data query result, and Two-dimensional result figure, the three-dimensional result figure of characterization geological environment are exported based on geological environment result;
Human-machine operation module 9, for inputting information call instruction, the monitoring center is according to information call instruction, from number According to the data message called in storage module needed for people;The data message called by display screen display monitoring center.
The sensor assembly includes displacement sensor, Slope Transducer, rainfall amount sensor, soil temperature and humidity sensing Device, river surface height of water level sensor, rock water content detector and meteorological sensor.
The data processing module includes
Geometric model creation module, for being based on research area's hydrogeologic condition, topography and geomorphology establish it is corresponding several What model;
Model layers module, for receiving the geometrical model for establishing the output of geometrical model module, and to the geometry Model is layered;
Boundary demarcation processing module, for being based on research area's actual landform landforms, geological condition sets the geometrical model Border;
Entity setting up module for representing whether a region has river, rainfall, evaporation, sets the geometrical model Source sink term;
Mesh generation module, for carrying out mesh generation to the geometrical model;
For receiving the environmental data that the monitoring modular obtains, the environmental data is passed for parameter input module It send to the input parameter module;
Mathematical model selecting module, for based on the geologic hazard type to be solved, selecting mathematical model module type;
Model solution computing module, for the mathematical model module selected based on the mathematical model selecting module, The solution computing module is selected to calculate mathematical model;
Model correction module, for compared with measured result, carrying out parameter adjustment, making analog result pre- analog result It coincide in fixed error range with measured result;
Parameter Sensitivity Analysis module, for the influence of the spatial and temporal distributions based on parameter value, boundary condition uncertainty, really Determine influence degree of the uncertainty to the model after correction.
Expert's evaluation module is connected with a data update module, for being updated by 3G network, Wi-Fi network mode Data in expert's evaluation module.
Infrared ray sensor is installed on the infrared camera, for detecting the scope that camera group is monitored, and will Detection information is sent to monitoring center.
One is further included for electric installation, is solar generator or wind-driven generator for electric installation.
This specific implementation passes through the setting of sensor and infrared camera, it is achieved thereby that environmental data and ambient video number According to real-time acquisition, by data processing module and expert's evaluation module, can accurately predict geological disaster generation when Between scope, geographic range, and geological condition can be presented in by three-dimensional generation module in face of staff so that work Make the observation and the situation of change for experiencing geology that personnel can be on the spot in person, further improve the accuracy of prediction.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, without departing from the principle of the present invention, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of geological hazards prediction system, which is characterized in that including
Sensor assembly, for obtaining geological environment data in real time;
Infrared camera, for gathering the video data of geological environment in real time;
Data transmission module, for the geological environment data and video data that will obtain by network transmission to data storage module It is stored, is sent to monitoring module and carries out data processing, and be sent to expert's evaluation module, carry out the assessment of risk and pre- It is alert;
Monitoring center for receiving the geological environment data and video data of monitoring module output, and environmental data is converted to The form that computing module can identify passes to data processing module, and converting video data into 3-D effect generation module can know Other form is sent to 3-D effect generation module;
Data processing module for calculating environmental data, draws geological environment as a result, and by gained geological environment result It is sent to display screen to be shown and stored, the geological environment result of gained is converted into 3-D effect generation module to identify Form be sent to 3-D effect production module;
Expert's evaluation module, for the typical geological environment data of store various types and its geological disaster feelings that may be brought Condition, for the geological environment received data and the data stored to be carried out similar degree comparison, and by comparison result according to phase After carrying out ascending or descending order sequence like degree, display screen is sent to;A web crawlers process is inside set, for searching in a network and institute The relevant webpage of geological environment data or document of reception, and query result is sent to display screen;
3-D effect generation module, for receiving the order of monitoring center, by received video data and geological environment knot After fruit Data Fusion, various simulation geological environments are generated, including 180 ° of three-dimensional column ring curtains, high performance graphics cluster services Device and six groups of 3D projecting apparatus towards six Channel Synchronous parallel image computings, are covered various geological condition images, and are carved in detail It draws;
Display screen, for showing geology environmental consequences, expert's assessment result and network-related data query result, and based on ground Two-dimensional result figure, the three-dimensional result figure of matter environmental consequences output characterization geological environment;
Human-machine operation module, for inputting information call instruction, the monitoring center is according to information call instruction, from data storage The data message needed for people is called in module;The data message called by display screen display monitoring center.
2. a kind of geological hazards prediction system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the sensor assembly includes position Displacement sensor, Slope Transducer, rainfall amount sensor, soil temperature-moisture sensor, river surface height of water level sensor, rock water contain Measure detector and meteorological sensor.
3. a kind of geological hazards prediction system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the data processing module includes
Geometric model creation module, for being based on research area's hydrogeologic condition, topography and geomorphology establishes corresponding geometrical model;
Model layers module, for receiving the geometrical model for establishing the output of geometrical model module, and to the geometrical model It is layered;
Boundary demarcation processing module, for being based on research area's actual landform landforms, geological condition sets the geometrical model border;
Entity setting up module for representing whether a region has river, rainfall, evaporation, sets the source of the geometrical model to converge ;
Mesh generation module, for carrying out mesh generation to the geometrical model;
For receiving the environmental data that the monitoring module obtains, the environmental data is sent to for parameter input module The input parameter module;
Mathematical model selecting module, for based on the geologic hazard type to be solved, selecting mathematical model module type;
Model solution computing module, for the mathematical model module selected based on the mathematical model selecting module, selection The solution computing module calculates mathematical model;
Model correction module, for compared with measured result, carrying out parameter adjustment, making analog result predetermined analog result It coincide in error range with measured result;
Parameter Sensitivity Analysis module for the influence of the spatial and temporal distributions based on parameter value, boundary condition uncertainty, determines not Degree of certainty is to the influence degree of the model after correction.
A kind of 4. geological hazards prediction system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that expert's evaluation module connection There is a data update module, for updating the data in expert's evaluation module by 3G network, Wi-Fi network mode.
5. a kind of geological hazards prediction system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that installed on the infrared camera There is infrared ray sensor, for detecting the scope that camera group is monitored, and detection information is sent to monitoring center.
6. a kind of geological hazards prediction system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include one for electric installation, supply Denso is set to solar generator or wind-driven generator.
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