CN103891511B - Box-type planting device for tall gastrodia tuber - Google Patents

Box-type planting device for tall gastrodia tuber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103891511B
CN103891511B CN201410142096.5A CN201410142096A CN103891511B CN 103891511 B CN103891511 B CN 103891511B CN 201410142096 A CN201410142096 A CN 201410142096A CN 103891511 B CN103891511 B CN 103891511B
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layer
rhizoma gastrodiae
box
hole
casing
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CN103891511A (en
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陈红芝
王思懿
陈永红
陈菲芝
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Hunan Zhicao Agricultural Technology Development Co.,Ltd.
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Chenzhou City Zhi Cao Agricultural Science And Technology Development Corp Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a box-type planting device, and belongs to the technical field of artificial cultivation of herbaceous plants. The box-type device structurally comprises a box, a covering layer (1), at least one layer of tall gastrodia tuber planting layer (2) and a box bottom bedding layer (3). The covering layer filled with river sand, the tall gastrodia tuber planting layer (2) and the box bottom bedding layer (3) are sequentially distributed in the box from top to bottom, and the layers are isolated through perforated polyethylene films (7). Two square support cross strips (4) are arranged at the bottom of the box, handles (5) are arranged at two longitudinal ends of the box, and two square notches (6) identical in size are formed in upper openings of two longer sides of the box. Non-hole positions of the perforated polyethylene films (7) are manually controlled to enable river sands above the films to be pressed into lower concave film pits. The indoor stereo space can be reasonably utilized with high planting intensity and good ventilation, regulation of temperature control can be facilitated, the best growth temperature and relative humidity can be provided for growing period of the tall gastrodia tuber, manual work is less involved, resources can be saved, and management can be facilitated.

Description

The box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of indoor stereo Gastrodia planting apparatus, particularly the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae, belong to herbaceous plant artificial cultivation technique field.
Background technology
Rhizoma Gastrodiae occupies critical role in motherland's medical treasure-house.Shennong's Herbal row rhizoma Gastrodiae is top grade, and the drug effect of Compendium of Material Medica to rhizoma Gastrodiae did following elaboration: rhizoma Gastrodiae: " main all rheumatism numbness, spasm of limbs, children's's wind epilepsy shies gas, sharp waist knee, and strong biceps, takes beneficial gas for a long time, make light of one's life by commiting suicide all the year round.Control cold air numbness, how not in a trance paralysis is with, language, susceptible to fright mistake will.Aid yang qi, mend general debility, terrible Zhu, promoting blood circulation, has one's ideas straightened out.Take Wuji.Control the empty dizzy fortune headache of wind ".
The parasitic medicinal plant of high draft of rhizoma Gastrodiae to be a kind of with halimasch be foodstuff, belong to blue material, unrooted redgreen blade, photosynthesis can not be relied on and manufacture nutrition, it and halimasch seek commensalism, and be nutrition and growth and breeding by digestion halimasch, under suitable temperature and humidity conditions, growth period is 240-300 days, so-called suitable humiture is: temperature 20-25 DEG C, best 25 DEG C; Relative humidity 60%-80%, best 80%; Rhizoma Gastrodiae has two kinds in propagation method, i.e. generative propagation and vegetative propagation.
Vegetative propagation is for parent with the bulb of rhizoma Gastrodiae self, repeatedly branch is carried out under the prerequisite of assimilation halimasch, the new individuality of the hundreds of large and small Gastrodia Elata Corm of direct generation, it completes under not having two sexual cells of special differentiation or sexual organ to participate in, therefore title vegetative propagation, this method has critical role in the whole vital movement of rhizoma Gastrodiae, namely it is the major way producing commodity fiber crops, usually do parent (also known as kind of a cultivation) with the hemp that reproductive capacity is strong and carry out vegetative propagation, be Gastrodia Elata Corm after its growth and maturity, also claim arrow fiber crops.
Generative propagation be make its bolting by kind of fiber crops of planting (i.e. arrow fiber crops), blooming adopts artificial color or cross-pollination, produce the seed that breeding coefficient is high, cultivate the kind made new advances after planting to plant, to improve the output of rhizoma Gastrodiae, this is because facts have proved that namely vegetative rhizoma Gastrodiae produces degradation phenomena through number generation plantation, the rhizoma Gastrodiae of replacing seminal propagation in time the output that kind of cultivation constantly could stabilize and increase rhizoma Gastrodiae must be done.
Along with the advance of society, the progress of science, the raising of living standards of the people, the output of Wild gastrodia can not meet the demand of people to it far away.Therefore China has extensively carried out the artificial cultivation of rhizoma Gastrodiae since 1956, have at present and carried out kiln cultivation at the hillside of height above sea level more than 800 meters, the methods such as indoor case cultivation.New rhizoma Gastrodiae can be gathered in the crops through the growth period of 8 ~ 12 months after the plantation of these artificial cultivation methods.But the factor that outdoor kiln is planted by weather affects greatly, except favourable weather (for the crops) year especially, majority time output is very low, and economic benefit is little.And the case cultivation of indoor adopts wooden case cultivation, in layer gather into folds, the shortcoming of wooden case cultivation is that plantation and Comparison of Management are bothersome, need when watering to water in layer or one case one case, it is very painstaking to carry, add and also need to gather into folds for one case one case after watering, it not is fine that such lower floor just ventilates, and affects growing of halimasch mycelia and rhizoma Gastrodiae.1998 April 22 noon, China utility model Authorization Notice No. CN 2279057Y, disclose a kind of device of one-step method planting rhizoma gastrodiae, it comprises the cinder and husky mixed layer that are arranged by bottom half in casing and casing, new branch layer on cinder and husky mixed layer, culture medium layer, is bacterial classification layer between branch layer and culture medium layer, culture medium layer is arranged cinder sand bed.It utilizes artificial hybridization kind generative propagation planting rhizoma gastrodiae.But culture medium layer is cinder sand bed not easily water conservation, repeatedly water if adopt, not only cost of labor is high, manages bothersome, the rotten numb phenomenon of the excessive easy generation of moisture content simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
For above drawback, the object of this invention is to provide the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae, this device can reasonably utilize indoor stereo space, planting density is high, ventilated good, is convenient to temperature control and regulation, optimum growth temp and relative humidity can be provided in growth period for rhizoma Gastrodiae, drop into artificial few simultaneously, economize on resources, be convenient to management.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme: the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae; Comprise in casing and casing distribute successively cover layer, at least one deck Gastrodia from top to bottom and plant matting layer at the bottom of layer and case; Described bottom half has two support side's horizontal stripes, and the length of casing has handle handle to two ends, and casing two long side upper edge hole all has two side's breach of the same size; Described cover layer, rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer and case at the bottom of matting layer be river sand fill, have between layers punching polyethylene film isolation, and upper strata punching polyethylene film Kong Weiyu lower floor punching polyethylene film position, hole between stagger mutually; At the position place, non-hole of every layer of punching polyethylene film, by Artificial Control, the river sand sand grains above film being extruded has recessed film to cheat; Rhizoma Gastrodiae is wherein planted parallel on layer and be provided with the excellent section of tree or branch section with being had spacing, and the space effluent sand set between excellent section or branch section is filled; The excellent section of described tree or branch section surface are with Armillaria mellea.
On above-mentioned casing, the square gap width on edge equals the width of the side's of support horizontal stripe, and the degree of depth is 1/3rd of support side's horizontal stripe height; Centre distance on each long side above-mentioned between two side's breach equals the centre distance between two support side's horizontal stripes; Above-mentioned casing length is equal to or less than centre distance between 2 times of two support side's horizontal stripe to two ends handle the distance between outermost profile border.
In order to ensure the automatic watering function between levels casing, box bottom of the present invention has leaking hole equably, at the bottom of leaking hole and case, be lined with gauze between matting layer.
With existing box planting unit Technical comparing, apparatus of the present invention adopt the square breach of casing two long side upper edge hole and the bottom half side of support horizontal stripe to locate, if code is piled up and down, can six layers be become not collapse by code; If adopt triangle disposition code heap, can eight layers be become not collapse by code.Therefore the present invention is ventilated good, is convenient to temperature control and regulation, for rhizoma Gastrodiae provides optimum growth temp in growth period.On the other hand, the present invention is also creationary devises recessed film hole, and the present invention, can at the recessed film hole water 20-100ml of every layer of punching polyethylene film after once watering clear water, layer of sand relative humidity 60%-80% in the box planting unit of rhizoma Gastrodiae can be ensured, maintain 6-8 days; That is, use the present invention need not water clear water everyday.Also can provide best relative humidity for rhizoma Gastrodiae in growth period, make to drop into manually few, economize on resources, be convenient to management.In addition, the present invention utilizes recessed film to cheat water, and the kind away from rhizoma Gastrodiae is planted, and adds the quick hydrophobic property of river sand, therefore occurs never because of the rotten numb phenomenon of the excessive generation of moisture content.
Good effect of the present invention is, due to the box planting unit of rhizoma Gastrodiae of the present invention, can realize the stacking plantation of indoor rhizoma Gastrodiae.It and Traditional Method produce effects than being 8: 1, and generally every square metre can be produced fresh rhizoma Gastrodiae 30-45kg; And investment is only traditional 1/8; The present invention is convenient to observe and move, convenient management, and make full use of space, the present invention can reasonably utilize indoor stereo space, has and economizes on resources, Economization on land, saves artificial, effectively can avoid miscellaneous bacteria intrusion, termite and the plague of rats, improve per unit area yield and quality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is casing schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 cuts open schematic diagram in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is punching polyethylene film schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the base plate schematic diagram of casing.
Fig. 5 is the 2nd kind of example structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the 2nd kind of embodiment pectinate plate schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the present invention's upper and lower code heap schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is triangle disposition code of the present invention heap schematic diagram.
In figure, mark is: 1 cover layer; 2 rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layers; Matting layer at the bottom of 3 casees; 4 support side's horizontal stripes; 5 handle handles; 6 side's breach; 7 punching polyethylene films; The 8 excellent section of tree or branch sections; 9 leaking holes; 10 gauzes; The long slit of 11 level; 12 pectinate plates; The kind of 13 rhizoma Gastrodiaes is planted.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
The box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae; Comprise in casing and casing distribute successively cover layer 1, at least one deck Gastrodia from top to bottom and plant matting layer 3 at the bottom of layer 2 and case; Described bottom half has two support side's horizontal stripes 4, and the length of casing has handle 5 to two ends, and every limit upper edge hole of casing two long side all has two side's breach 6 of the same size, and square breach 6 position of two long sides is symmetrical; Described cover layer 1, rhizoma Gastrodiae are planted matting layer 3 at the bottom of layer 2 and case and are river sand filling, have punching polyethylene film 7 to isolate between layers, and stagger mutually between the position, hole of the Kong Weiyu lower floor punching polyethylene film 7 of upper strata punching polyethylene film 7; At the position place, non-hole of every layer of punching polyethylene film 7, by Artificial Control, the river sand sand grains above film being extruded has recessed film to cheat; Rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer 2 wherein establishes a section adjacent, but does not contact and parallel tree rod section or branch section 8, the space effluent sand set between excellent section or branch section 8 is filled; The excellent section of described tree or branch section 8 surface are with Armillaria mellea.On above-mentioned casing, square breach 6 width on edge equals the width of the side's of support horizontal stripe 4, and the degree of depth is 1/3rd of support side's horizontal stripe 4 height; Centre distance on each long side above-mentioned between two side's breach 6 equals the centre distance between two support side's horizontal stripes 4; Above-mentioned casing length is equal to or less than centre distance between 2 times of two support side's horizontal stripe 4 to two ends handle the distance between 5 outermost profile borders.Above-mentioned punching polyethylene film 7 is level direction punching in length and breadth, pitch-row 50mm, and the diameter in hole is at 0.4-0.6mm; The degree of depth in above-mentioned recessed film hole is 3-5mm.Above-mentioned rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer 2 is layer 2-3, and every layer thickness is 120-150mm.
The diameter of above-mentioned tree rod section or branch section 8 is 80-120mm, puts five sections for every layer; The space of 80-150 centimetre is left between the excellent section of adjacent tree or branch section 8.
In order to ensure the automatic watering function between levels casing, the base plate of casing described in the present embodiment has leaking hole 9 equably, at the bottom of leaking hole 9 and case, be lined with gauze 10 between matting layer 3.Described leaking hole 9 is level direction punching in length and breadth, and pitch-row 100mm, the diameter in hole is at 10-12mm.
Use the present embodiment, the kind cultivation 13 of rhizoma Gastrodiae is put into each rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer 2 tree rod or branch between, build cover layer, and put into surrounding sealing air-conditioned room; Air-conditioned room requires to arrange water lines, requires to ventilate summer better, and winter is incubated.In room, stacking the present embodiment six to eight layers, waters clear water from the superiors, till orlop has clear water to flow out; Open air-conditioning, first allow plant complete Gastrodia plant the box planting unit of rhizoma Gastrodiae tide in 10-12 DEG C of environment about 18-30 days connect the bacterium phase; Adjust the growth period that air-conditioning tides over 200-300 days in the isoperibol of 17-22 DEG C again.
Embodiment 2
The box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae; Comprise in casing and casing the matting layer 3 at the bottom of cover layer 1, three layers of rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer 2 and case that distributes successively from top to bottom; Described bottom half has two support side's horizontal stripes 4, and the length of casing has handle 5 to two ends, and every limit upper edge hole of casing two long side all has two side's breach 6 of the same size, and square breach 6 position of two long sides is symmetrical; Described cover layer 1, rhizoma Gastrodiae are planted matting layer 3 at the bottom of layer 2 and case and are river sand filling, have punching polyethylene film 7 to isolate between layers, and stagger mutually between the position, hole of the Kong Weiyu lower floor punching polyethylene film 7 of upper strata punching polyethylene film 7; At the position place, non-hole of every layer of punching polyethylene film 7, by Artificial Control, the river sand sand grains above film being extruded has recessed film to cheat; Rhizoma Gastrodiae is wherein planted parallel on layer 2 and be provided with the excellent section of tree or branch section 8 with being had spacing, and the space effluent sand set between excellent section or branch section 8 is filled; The excellent section of described tree or branch section 8 surface are with Armillaria mellea.On above-mentioned casing, square breach 6 width on edge equals the width of the side's of support horizontal stripe 4, and the degree of depth is 1/3rd of support side's horizontal stripe 4 height; Centre distance on each long side above-mentioned between two side's breach 6 equals the centre distance between two support side's horizontal stripes 4; Above-mentioned casing length is equal to or less than centre distance between 2 times of two support side's horizontal stripe 4 to two ends handle the distance between 5 outermost profile borders; Above-mentioned punching polyethylene film 7 is level direction punching in length and breadth, pitch-row 50mm, and the diameter in hole is at 0.5mm; The degree of depth in above-mentioned recessed film hole is 4mm; Above-mentioned rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer 2 is three layers, and every layer thickness is 150mm; In the filling river sand of rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer 2, be also mixed with the sylvan life detritus soil of the high mountain woods, the tune ratio of mixing is the volume ratio 1: 1 of sylvan life detritus soil and river sand.
The diameter of above-mentioned tree rod section or branch section 8 is 100mm, puts five sections for every layer; The space of 120 centimetres is left between the excellent section of adjacent tree or branch section 8.
Control for the ease of manual operation, make the river sand sand grains above film extrude recessed film hole, the position of the present embodiment below the casing wherein corresponding every layer of punching polyethylene film 7 of a short side, respectively offers a long slit 11 of level; From the long slit 11 of every bar level to layer of sand in casing, fill in one piece of pectinate plate 12 all actively; Every root sliver of described pectinate plate 12, is all supported on the below at position place, non-hole on punching polyethylene film 7, makes position, the hole place on punching polyethylene film 7 then face toward the space of pectinate plate 12; When pectinate plate 12 is outwards extracted out from the long slit 11 of casing level, the river sand of filling above punching position place, polyethylene film 7 non-hole is then extracted along sliver the space reserved out and is sunk, and forms recessed film hole;
In order to ensure the automatic watering function between levels casing, box bottom described in the present embodiment has leaking hole 9 equably, at the bottom of leaking hole 9 and case, be lined with gauze 10 between matting layer 3.Described leaking hole 9 is level direction punching in length and breadth, and pitch-row 100mm, the diameter in hole is at 10-12mm.
Use the present embodiment, the kind cultivation 13 of rhizoma Gastrodiae is put into each rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer 2 tree rod or branch between, build cover layer, and put into surrounding sealing air-conditioned room; Air-conditioned room requires to arrange water lines, requires to ventilate summer better, and winter is incubated.In room, stacking the present embodiment six to eight layers, waters clear water from the superiors, till orlop has clear water to flow out; Open air-conditioning, first allow plant complete Gastrodia plant the box planting unit of rhizoma Gastrodiae tide in 10-12 DEG C of environment about 18-30 days connect the bacterium phase; Adjust the growth period that air-conditioning tides over 200-300 days in the isoperibol of 17-22 DEG C again.

Claims (9)

1. the box planting unit of rhizoma Gastrodiae; Comprise in casing and casing distribute successively cover layer (1), at least one deck Gastrodia from top to bottom and plant matting layer (3) at the bottom of layer (2) and case; It is characterized in that: described bottom half has two support side's horizontal stripes (4), the length of casing has handle (5) to two ends, casing two long side upper edge hole all has two side's breach (6) of the same size; Described cover layer (1), rhizoma Gastrodiae are planted matting layer (3) at the bottom of layer (2) and case and are river sand filling, there is punching polyethylene film (7) to isolate between layers, and stagger mutually between the position, hole of Kong Weiyu lower floor punching polyethylene film (7) on upper strata punching polyethylene film (7); At the position place, non-hole of every layer of punching polyethylene film (7), by Artificial Control, the river sand sand grains above film being extruded has recessed film to cheat; Rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer (2) is wherein upper parallel and be provided with the excellent section of tree or branch section (8) with having spacing, and the space effluent sand set between excellent section or branch section (8) is filled; The excellent section of described tree or branch section (8) surface are with Armillaria mellea.
2. the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on described casing, square breach (6) width on edge equals the width of the side's of support horizontal stripe (4), and the degree of depth is 1/3rd of support side's horizontal stripe (4) height; Centre distance on each long side described between two side's breach (6) equals the centre distance between two support side's horizontal stripes (4); Described casing length is equal to or less than the centre distance between 2 times of two support side's horizontal stripe (4) to the distance between two ends handle handle (5) outermost profile border.
3. the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described punching polyethylene film (7) is level direction punching in length and breadth, and pitch-row 50mm, the diameter in hole is at 0.4-0.6mm.
4. the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the degree of depth in described recessed film hole is 3-5mm.
5. the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer (2) is layer 2-3, and every layer thickness is 120-150mm.
6. the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the diameter of the excellent section of described tree or branch section (8) is 80-120mm, puts five sections for every layer; The space of 80-150 centimetre is left between the excellent section of adjacent tree or branch section (8).
7. the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the sylvan life detritus soil being also mixed with the high mountain woods in the filling river sand of described rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer (2), and the tune ratio of mixing is the volume ratio 1: 1 of sylvan life detritus soil and river sand.
8. the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the base plate of described bottom half has leaking hole (9) equably, at the bottom of leaking hole (9) and case, be lined with gauze (10) between matting layer (3).
9. the box planting unit of a kind of rhizoma Gastrodiae according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described leaking hole (9) is level direction punching in length and breadth, and pitch-row 100mm, the diameter in hole is at 10-12mm.
CN201410142096.5A 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 Box-type planting device for tall gastrodia tuber Active CN103891511B (en)

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CN106258879A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-04 贵州省仁怀市曹家沟中药材种植专业合作社 A kind of Rhizoma Gastrodiae standardized planting technology
CN106941910B (en) * 2017-03-21 2020-04-07 贵州凤冈苗侗百草医药发展有限公司 Planting method of gastrodia elata
CN107027552B (en) * 2017-05-27 2019-12-27 亳州万草堂中药饮片有限公司 Cultivation method suitable for growth of gastrodia elata
CN108668695B (en) * 2018-04-24 2019-07-16 道真仡佬族苗族自治县万福农业综合开发有限公司 Planting equipment for Rhizoma Gastrodiae
CN108651252B (en) * 2018-04-24 2020-04-10 道真仡佬族苗族自治县万福农业综合开发有限公司 Cultivation and planting method for gastrodia elata
CN108902074B (en) * 2018-06-29 2021-06-25 贵州省德均农特产品开发有限公司 Gastrodia elata planting equipment
CN108782088A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-13 贵州省德均农特产品开发有限公司 A kind of gastrodin cultivation device and its method for cultivating Rhizoma Gastrodiae
CN112840970B (en) * 2020-12-31 2023-11-03 西南林业大学 Large-area planting method and device for breaking continuous cropping obstacle of white-head hemp
CN114916385A (en) * 2022-05-27 2022-08-19 略阳天麻研究院 Gastrodia elata sexual cultivation multilayer sowing method
CN116458380B (en) * 2023-04-28 2024-01-12 常州源直达商务有限责任公司 Method for controlling water content in stropharia rugoso-annulata cultivation process

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