CN108668695B - Planting equipment for Rhizoma Gastrodiae - Google Patents

Planting equipment for Rhizoma Gastrodiae Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108668695B
CN108668695B CN201810374164.9A CN201810374164A CN108668695B CN 108668695 B CN108668695 B CN 108668695B CN 201810374164 A CN201810374164 A CN 201810374164A CN 108668695 B CN108668695 B CN 108668695B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
rhizoma gastrodiae
cultivation box
bottom plate
layer
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CN201810374164.9A
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CN108668695A (en
Inventor
王克敏
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Shandong landmark Culture Industry Co.,Ltd.
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Daozhen Gelao And Miao Autonomous County Wanfu Agriculture Comprehensive Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810374164.9A priority Critical patent/CN108668695B/en
Publication of CN108668695A publication Critical patent/CN108668695A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/10Mycorrhiza; Mycorrhizal associations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/60Cultivation rooms; Equipment therefor
    • A01G18/64Cultivation containers; Lids therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/60Cultivation rooms; Equipment therefor
    • A01G18/69Arrangements for managing the environment, e.g. sprinklers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/005Reservoirs connected to flower-pots through conduits

Abstract

The present invention relates to Chinese medicine planting technology fields, more particularly to a kind of planting equipment for Rhizoma Gastrodiae, it include: cultivation box, bottom plate, bedding course, culture layer, plantation layer and coating are disposed in the cultivation box from below to up, is all filled with soft sand in bedding course, culture layer, plantation layer and coating;Snorkel is offered on the bottom plate, the snorkel top is higher by bottom plate, and support column is fixed on the snorkel, and second that cone is fixed on the support column covers, the second point upward setting covered, the second bottom end covered is between snorkel top and bottom plate;It is placed with branch in culture layer, there is the strain of halimasch on branch, the plantation parent of Rhizoma Gastrodiae is placed into plantation layer, soil moisture testing agency is provided in coating, is electrically connected with microcontroller in soil moisture testing agency.Compared with prior art, at low cost needed for this programme, it can preferably realize the control to Rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation environment temperature and humidity.

Description

Planting equipment for Rhizoma Gastrodiae
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese medicine planting technology fields, and in particular to a kind of planting equipment for Rhizoma Gastrodiae.
Background technique
Rhizoma Gastrodiae is a kind of using halimasch as the high draft parasitism medicinal plant of foodstuff, belongs to blue and expects, unrooted redgreen blade, Photosynthesis manufacture nutrition cannot be relied on, it and halimasch seek commensalism, be by digestion halimasch for nutrition growth and breeding , growth period is 240-300 days under temperature and humidity conditions appropriate, and so-called temperature and humidity appropriate is: 20-25 DEG C of temperature, most preferably 25℃;Relative humidity 60%-80%, best 80%;Rhizoma Gastrodiae is there are two types of the propagation methods, i.e. sexual propagation and vegetative propagation.
With the advance of society, the yield of scientific progress, the raising of living standards of the people, Wild gastrodia far can not expire Demand of the sufficient people to it.Therefore China has carried out the artificial cultivation of Rhizoma Gastrodiae extensively since 1956.Have at present in hillside Carry out the methods of kiln cultivation, indoor case cultivation.In order to reduce occupied area, land utilization ratio is improved, indoor case is planted using yes The shortcomings that wooden case cultivation, the wooden case that gathers into folds in layer is cultivated is that plantation and management are more bothersome, is needed in layer when watering Or one case one case watering, it is very painstaking to carry, as soon as in addition also needing one case case to gather into folds after watering, such lower layer's ventilation is not very It is good, influence the growth and development of halimasch mycelia and Rhizoma Gastrodiae.
In view of the above-mentioned problems, disclosing a kind of box kind of Rhizoma Gastrodiae in the document that China Patent Publication No. is CN103891511B Coating, at least one layer of Rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer and bottom matting layer are sequentially distributed in planting apparatus, including cabinet and cabinet from top to bottom; The bottom of box has two support side's horizontal stripes, and the length of cabinet has handle handle to both ends, and two long side upper edge hole of cabinet is provided with Two side's notches of the same size;The coating, Rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation layer and bottom matting layer are river sand filling, between layers There is punching polyethylene film isolation, and between the hole location of upper layer punching polyethylene film and the hole location of lower layer's punching polyethylene film Mutually it is staggered;At the non-hole location that every layer is punched polyethylene film, under manually control has the extrusion of the river sand sand grains above film Recessed film hole;It is parallel and be provided with tree stick section or branch section with having spacing on Rhizoma Gastrodiae therein plantation layer, set stick section or branch section it Between gap filled by river sand;The tree stick section or branch section surface have Armillaria mellea.The invention being capable of reasonable utilization Indoor stereo space, planting density is high, ventilated good, controls to adjust, can be provided most in growth period for Rhizoma Gastrodiae convenient for temperature Good growth temperature and relative humidity, while investment is artificial few, economizes on resources, convenient for management.
But in actual use, there are the following problems for above scheme:
1, the watering upper layer Shi Shuicong pours into, and then overflows from lowest level, since water have passed through branch section, so that in branch section Halimasch part will with the water of outflow flow out, cause halimasch secrete nutriment waste;
2, the control of Rhizoma Gastrodiae growing environment temperature is realized by air-conditioning, power consumption is big, and Rhizoma Gastrodiae plantation is at high cost.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of that present invention to provide a kind of planting equipments for Rhizoma Gastrodiae, to solve sweet ring in existing Rhizoma Gastrodiae planting unit Bacterium utilizes insufficient problem.
Base case provided by the invention are as follows: the planting equipment for Rhizoma Gastrodiae, comprising:
Cultivation box is disposed with bottom plate, bedding course, culture layer, plantation layer in the cultivation box from below to up and covers Cap rock, bedding course, culture layer are planted in layer and coating all filled with soft sand;Snorkel is offered on the bottom plate, The snorkel top is higher by bottom plate, and support column is fixed on the snorkel, and the of cone is fixed on the support column Two cover, and the described second point upward setting covered, the described second bottom end covered is between snorkel top and bottom plate; It is placed with branch in the culture layer, has the strain of halimasch on branch, the plantation parent of Rhizoma Gastrodiae is placed into plantation layer, described It is provided with soil moisture testing agency in coating, is electrically connected with microcontroller in the soil moisture testing agency;
Water chamber, the water chamber are arranged under bottom plate, are communicated with the second outlet pipe on the side side wall of bottom end in the water chamber, Second outlet pipe one end is connected to water chamber, and the second outlet pipe other end is connected to cultivation box top, and described second goes out Water pump and the second inlet valve are disposed on water pipe from below to up, is communicated with first on the second outlet pipe below water pump Outlet pipe is communicated with the water tank equipped with water on the first outlet pipe, the first inlet valve is additionally provided on second outlet pipe, and One inlet valve, the second inlet valve and water pump are electrically connected with microcontroller;
Telescoping tube, close to bottom plate, the telescoping tube bottom end is connected with air inlet pipe on the telescoping tube top, in the air inlet pipe It is connected with exhaust fan, the exhaust fan and microcontroller electrical connection;The telescoping tube top is fixed with support column, the support column On be fixed with the first of cone and cover, the described first point upward setting covered, described first cover bottom end be located at it is flexible Between tube top end and water chamber bottom surface, the described first bottom end covered is provided with the kickboard for bubbling through the water column.
The working principle of the invention and advantage are: when first used, controlling the first inlet valve and the by microcontroller Two inlet valves are opened, and are then controlled water pump and are opened so that the water in water tank enters in cultivation box, water enter after cultivation box according to The secondary snorkel by coating, plantation layer, culture layer, bedding course and bottom plate, then into water chamber, when in water chamber Water level rise, kickboard with water level rise and float upwards, drive telescoping tube move upwards, avoid the indoor water of water from entering and stretch In the draw, and the setting that first covers from the water that snorkel comes out so that cannot be introduced into air inlet pipe and telescoping tube, and cultivate Part halimasch will be entered in water chamber with water flow;Due to being provided with the second covering, and second covers bottom end positioned at ventilation Between tube top end and bottom plate, the river sand of bedding course can only cover bottom end with second after entering in the second covering and maintain an equal level, and on bottom plate Water will enter in snorkel from snorkel bottom end when water level is higher by snorkel top, be then flowed into water chamber from snorkel Interior, the sand that the second setting covered avoids bedding course enters in water chamber from snorkel.
Due to the setting of soil moisture testing agency, soil moisture testing agency will examine the humidity in coating sand It surveys, and the result that will test is sent to microcontroller;When the moisture contained in the sand of coating is more, microcontroller is being received Control exhaust fan is started to work after the signal sent to soil moisture testing agency, and extraneous air is pumped into air inlet by exhaust fan It in pipe, is then gone out by the telescoping tube of air inlet pipe, is then blown into cultivation box from snorkel, accelerate the moisture in cultivation box Evaporation, avoiding the water content in cultivation box excessively leads to the long-term anaerobic respiration of Rhizoma Gastrodiae, and air enters after cultivation box as Rhizoma Gastrodiae Aerobic respiration oxygen is provided, at the same time it can also blow the halimasch of culture upwards, enable halimasch preferably for Rhizoma Gastrodiae Plantation parent provide nutrition;When moisture content is less in coating, microcontroller is receiving current sensor transmitting Water pump is controlled after electric signal to start to work, meanwhile, microcontroller controls the first inlet valve and closes, and the second inlet valve of control is opened, So that the indoor water of water re-enters into cultivation box by the second outlet pipe, due to containing halimasch in the indoor water of water, contain It can accelerate the growth of Rhizoma Gastrodiae after thering is the water of halimasch to enter cultivation box, meanwhile, the water containing halimasch is recycled, and avoids The waste of halimasch.
Compared with prior art, this programme avoids the halimasch waste of culture by the recycling of water;It is wet by soil The setting of testing agency is spent, realizes detection to humidity in cultivation box, and when husky in cultivation box humidity is excessively high controls exhausting Machine work when humidity is lower in cultivation box, controls pump working, and the setting of water pump realizes the recycling of water, passes through bottom Snorkel, air inlet pipe and exhaust fan on plate not only accelerate the steaming of moisture in cultivation box by the way of drying from below to up Speed is sent out, avoids in cultivation box moisture content excessively high and Rhizoma Gastrodiae is caused to carry out anaerobic respiration, meanwhile, by the halimasch of culture from tree It is blown off on branch, enables halimasch preferably and the plantation body contacts of Rhizoma Gastrodiae;The setting covered by first is avoided from logical The water of tracheae outflow enters in telescoping tube and air inlet pipe, by the setting of kickboard, realizes telescoping tube with water level in water chamber It goes up and down and stretches, the indoor water of water is avoided to flood telescoping tube;The setting covered by second, avoid in bedding course it is husky from Snorkel enters in water chamber, avoids the second outlet pipe and is blocked.
Further, the soil moisture testing agency includes the electrode plate for being arranged in parallel in cultivation box two sidewalls, two blocks of electricity Pole plate is oppositely arranged, and power supply and current sensor are connected in two electrode plates, and the current sensor and microcontroller are electrically connected It connects.
Sand does not have conducting function, due to being provided with the power supply of two electrode plates and electrode plate power supply, in coating Sha Zhongyou water flow after, water is conductive, there has been electric current between two electrode plates and flows through, current sensor detects electrode Plate electric current in the loop when, the current information that will test is converted into corresponding electric signal and is sent to microcontroller, then micro- The signal control exhaust fan or pump working of controller pipe office's current sensor transmitting;In addition, Sha Zhongyou electric current flows through, will pierce The cell for swashing Rhizoma Gastrodiae, enables Rhizoma Gastrodiae preferably to grow up;When there is no electric current to flow through between two electrode plates, two electrode plates Between have magnetic field, activation can be added under conditions of magnetic field and accelerate halimasch and Rhizoma Gastrodiae molecular structure fission expand development, And then accelerate the growth of Rhizoma Gastrodiae.
Further, the designated port of fish scale-shaped is provided on the branch, the strain of the halimasch is located in designated port.
By the way that the designated port of fish scale-shaped is arranged on branch, is provided for Armillaria mellea and preferably depend on position, while conveniently Halimasch is drawing the nutriment on branch.
Further, grid is all provided between the bedding course, culture layer, plantation layer and the two neighboring level of covering Orifice plate.
By the setting between grid orifice plate, the plantation parent of Rhizoma Gastrodiae and branch is avoided to mix, after being not easy to The picking of Rhizoma Gastrodiae.
Further, it is provided with button on the bottom plate right above first covering tip, is provided with waterproof on the button Set, the button and microcontroller connection.
When water level constantly rises in water chamber, so that kickboard drives the first covering to move upwards and squeeze the button on bottom plate When, microcontroller controls the first inlet valve and closes, at this point, just no longer drawing water from water tank into cultivation box, avoids telescoping tube quilt The indoor water submerged of water.
Further, described air inlet pipe one end is connected with telescoping tube, and the air inlet pipe other end is located at by cultivation box, and described kind It plants and is rotatably connected to air inlet head in the air inlet pipe by case, the air inlet head is obliquely installed to far from cultivation box side from below to up, The air inlet head fixed sleeves are connected to gear;It is provided with cylinder by the water tank, piston, the work are provided in the cylinder It is fixed with rack gear, the rack and pinion engagement beyond the Great Wall.
Since generation releasing energy after Rhizoma Gastrodiae progress aerobic respiration, so that the temperature in cultivation box increases, when extraneous temperature It spends when high, unduly high problem will occur in the temperature in cultivation box, and at this moment, due to the setting of cylinder, cylinder is in the external world When environment temperature is higher, cylinder interior gas expanded by heating, so that the piston motion of cylinder, piston pushes rack movement, rack gear band Moving gear rotation, so that air inlet head rotates, face cultivation box after the top rotation of air inlet head enables exhaust fan to accelerate when working Air flowing near cultivation box, cools down to cultivation box.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram in the embodiment of the present invention for the planting equipment of Rhizoma Gastrodiae;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at A;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at B.
Specific embodiment
Below by the further details of explanation of specific embodiment:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description includes: cultivation box 1, air inlet pipe 2, exhaust fan 3, water pump 4, water tank 5, first Outlet pipe 6, air inlet head 7, cylinder 8, rack gear 9, gear 10, the first inlet valve 11, the second inlet valve 12, the second outlet pipe 13, flower 14, coating 15, plantation layer 16, Rhizoma Gastrodiae 17, culture layer 18, branch 19, bedding course 20, telescoping tube 21, first is spilt to cover 22, float Plate 23, button 24, bottom plate 25, snorkel 26, electrode plate 27, support column 28, second cover 29.
Embodiment
It is used for the planting equipment of Rhizoma Gastrodiae as shown in Figure 1:, comprising: cultivation box 1 to be disposed with from below to up in cultivation box 1 Bedding course 20, culture layer 18, plantation layer 16 and coating 15;In bedding course 20, culture layer 18, plantation layer 16 and coating 15 Filled with soft river sand, grid orifice plate is all provided between two neighboring level.
Bedding course 20 is arranged on the bottom plate 25 of cultivation box 1, and 1 bottom end of cultivation box is bottom plate 25, is arranged on bottom plate 25 useful In the snorkel 26 of ventilation, 26 top of snorkel is higher than bottom plate 25, is provided with support column 28 on 26 wall of snorkel, on support column 28 Be fixed with cone second cover 29, second cover 29 point upward setting, second covering 29 bottom ends be located at bottom plate 25 and Between the top of snorkel 26, as shown in Figure 3;The branch 19 for cultivating halimasch is placed in culture layer 18, on branch 19 It is provided with the designated port of fish scale-shaped, the strain of halimasch is placed into designated port;It is placed with the plantation parent of Rhizoma Gastrodiae 17 in plantation layer 16, covers Two pieces of parallel electrode plates 27 are relatively set on 1 inner wall of cultivation box of 15 two sides of cap rock, on two electrode plates, 27 place circuit It is connected with power supply and current sensor, power supply can be used 5V battery, be connected with microcontroller on current sensor.
The bottom plate 25 of cultivation box 1 is arranged with water chamber, and the second outlet pipe 13 is communicated on the left side side wall of water chamber bottom end, the The setting of two outlet pipes 13 is disposed with water pump 4 and the second inlet valve 12 on 1 left side of cultivation box, the second outlet pipe 13 upwards, It is communicated with the first outlet pipe 6 on the second outlet pipe 13 under water pump 4, is provided with the first inlet valve 11 on the first outlet pipe 6, first 6 left end of outlet pipe is communicated with the water tank 5 equipped with water, and the first inlet valve 11, the second inlet valve 12 and water pump 4 are and microcontroller Device connection;In addition, the top plate that 6 top of the first outlet pipe passes through cultivation box 1 is connected with shower 14.
Water chamber bottom end is communicated with air inlet pipe 2, and telescoping tube 21 is slidably connected on 2 right end end of air inlet pipe, and telescoping tube 21 pushes up It holds and is provided with support column 28 on bottom plate 25, air inlet pipe 2, first that cone is welded on support column 28 covers 22, first 22 point upward installation is covered, the first bottom end for covering 22 is located between the top and water chamber bottom surface of telescoping tube 21, and first hides 22 bottom side edge of lid is provided with along the bottom plate 25 right above the kickboard 23 being above fixed with for keeping afloat, the first 22 tips of covering Button 24, button 24 are cased with waterproof jacket outside, as shown in Figure 2;It is provided with exhaust fan 3 in air inlet pipe 2,2 left end of air inlet pipe is located at the By two outlet pipes 13,2 left end end of air inlet pipe is rotatably connected to air inlet head 7, is socketed with gear 10 outside air inlet head 7, air inlet head 7 Top is turned left from the right side and is obliquely installed upwards, and cylinder 8 is provided with by air inlet head 7, and piston is slidably connected in cylinder 8, is welded on piston It is connected to rack gear 9, rack gear 9 and gear 10 engage;Button 24 and exhaust fan 3 with microcontroller connection.
In the present embodiment, microcontroller selects AT89C51 series monolithic, and current sensor selects model JLKT8's Current sensor.
When it is implemented, when first used, microcontroller controls the first inlet valve 11 and opens, it is upward then to control water pump 4 Draw water, the water in water tank 5 after the first outlet pipe 6 and the second outlet pipe 13 from shower 14 from spray, be halimasch it is numerous It grows and provides moisture with the growth of Rhizoma Gastrodiae 17;The water that shower 14 sprays sequentially enters coating 15, plantation layer 16,18 and of culture layer Bedding course 20, the moisture being then more than enter in water chamber from venthole, and when water passes through culture layer 18, halimasch is with water flow It enters in water chamber;Due to being provided with the second covering 29, and the second 29 bottom ends of covering be located at 26 top of snorkel and bottom plate 25 it Between, the river sand of bedding course 20 can only cover 29 bottom ends with second after entering in the second covering 29 and maintain an equal level, and the water on bottom plate 25 exists Water level will enter in snorkel 26 when being higher by 26 top of snorkel from 26 bottom end of snorkel, then be flowed into water chamber from snorkel 26 Interior, when the indoor water level of water rises, kickboard 23 rises with water level and floats upwards, drives telescoping tube 21 to move upwards, avoids water Indoor water enters in telescoping tube 21, and first cover 22 setting so that from snorkel 26 come out water cannot be introduced into In tracheae 2 and telescoping tube 21.
When water level constantly rises in water chamber, so that kickboard 23 drives the first covering 22 to move upwards and squeeze on bottom plate 25 When button 24, microcontroller controls the first inlet valve 11 and closes, at this point, just no longer drawing water from water tank 5 into cultivation box 1, keeps away Exempt from telescoping tube 21 by the indoor water submerged of water.
River sand does not have conducting function, due to being provided with the power supply of two electrode plates 27 and the power supply of electrode plate 27, is covering After having water flow in river sand in cap rock 15, water is conductive, there has been electric current between two electrode plates 27 and flows through, current sense Device detect electrode plate 27 electric current in the loop when, the current information that will test be converted into corresponding electric signal be sent to it is micro- Controller;
When moisture content is more in coating 15, the magnitude of current that current sensor detects is big, and microcontroller is receiving Control exhaust fan 3 is started to work after the electric signal transmitted to current sensor, and extraneous air is pumped into air inlet pipe by exhaust fan 3 It in 2, is then gone out by the telescoping tube 21 of air inlet pipe 2, is then blown into cultivation box 1 from snorkel 26, accelerated in cultivation box 1 Moisture evaporation, avoiding the water content in cultivation box 1 excessively leads to the long-term anaerobic respiration of Rhizoma Gastrodiae 17, and air enters cultivation box Aerobic respiration after 1 for Rhizoma Gastrodiae 17 provides oxygen;
When moisture content is less in coating 15, the magnitude of current that current sensor detects is small, and microcontroller is receiving Control water pump 4 is started to work after the electric signal transmitted to current sensor, meanwhile, microcontroller controls the first inlet valve 11 and closes It closing, the second inlet valve 12 of control is opened, so that the indoor water of water re-enters into cultivation box 1 by the second outlet pipe 13, by In containing halimasch in the indoor water of water, the water containing halimasch enters after cultivation box 1 growth that can accelerate Rhizoma Gastrodiae 17, together When, the water containing halimasch is recycled, and avoids the waste of halimasch;
Since generation releasing energy after the progress aerobic respiration of Rhizoma Gastrodiae 17, so that the temperature in cultivation box 1 increases, work as the external world When temperature is excessively high, unduly high problem will occur in the temperature in cultivation box 1, and at this moment, due to the setting of cylinder 8, cylinder 8 exists When ambient temperature is higher, when gases are heated, they expand in cylinder 8, so that the piston of cylinder 8 moves right, piston pushes rack gear 9 It moves right, rack gear 9 is rotated with moving gear 10, so that air inlet head 7 turns right, the top face cultivation box 1 of air inlet head 7 makes The air flowing that can accelerate near cultivation box 1 when exhaust fan 3 works is obtained, is cooled down to cultivation box 1.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure and characteristic are not made herein in scheme Excessive description, technical field that the present invention belongs to is all before one skilled in the art know the applying date or priority date Ordinary technical knowledge can know the prior art all in the field, and have using routine experiment hand before the date The ability of section, one skilled in the art can improve and be implemented in conjunction with self-ability under the enlightenment that the application provides This programme, some typical known features or known method should not become one skilled in the art and implement the application Obstacle.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, without departing from the structure of the invention, can also make Several modifications and improvements out, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence the effect that the present invention is implemented Fruit and patent practicability.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, the tool in specification The records such as body embodiment can be used for explaining the content of claim.

Claims (6)

1. being used for the planting equipment of Rhizoma Gastrodiae characterized by comprising
Cultivation box is disposed with bottom plate, bedding course, culture layer, plantation layer and coating in the cultivation box from below to up, Soft sand is all filled in bedding course, culture layer, plantation layer and coating;Snorkel is offered on the bottom plate, it is described Snorkel top is higher by bottom plate, and support column is fixed on the snorkel, and second that cone is fixed on the support column hides Lid, the described second point upward setting covered, the described second bottom end covered is between snorkel top and bottom plate;It is described It is placed with branch in culture layer, there is the strain of halimasch on branch, the plantation parent of Rhizoma Gastrodiae is placed into plantation layer, the covering It is provided with soil moisture testing agency in layer, is electrically connected with microcontroller in the soil moisture testing agency;
Water chamber, the water chamber are arranged under bottom plate, are communicated with the second outlet pipe on the side side wall of bottom end in the water chamber, described Second outlet pipe one end is connected to water chamber, and the second outlet pipe other end is connected to cultivation box top, second outlet pipe On be disposed with water pump and the second inlet valve from below to up, be communicated with the first water outlet on the second outlet pipe below water pump Pipe is communicated with the water tank equipped with water on the first outlet pipe, is additionally provided with the first inlet valve on second outlet pipe, first into Water valve, the second inlet valve and water pump are electrically connected with microcontroller;
Telescoping tube, the telescoping tube top are connected with air inlet pipe, connect in the air inlet pipe close to bottom plate, the telescoping tube bottom end There are exhaust fan, the exhaust fan and microcontroller electrical connection;The telescoping tube top is fixed with support column, consolidates on the support column There is the first of cone to cover, the described first point upward setting covered, described first, which covers bottom end, is located at flexible tube top surely Between end and water chamber bottom surface, the described first bottom end covered is provided with the kickboard for bubbling through the water column.
2. the planting equipment according to claim 1 for Rhizoma Gastrodiae, which is characterized in that the soil moisture testing agency packet Include the electrode plate for being arranged in parallel in cultivation box two sidewalls, two electrode plates are oppositely arranged, be connected in two electrode plates power supply and Current sensor, the current sensor and microcontroller electrical connection.
3. the planting equipment according to claim 1 for Rhizoma Gastrodiae, which is characterized in that be provided with fish scale-shaped on the branch The strain of designated port, the halimasch is located in designated port.
4. the planting equipment according to claim 1 for Rhizoma Gastrodiae, which is characterized in that the bedding course, culture layer, plantation Grid orifice plate is all provided between layer and the two neighboring level of covering.
5. the planting equipment according to claim 1 for Rhizoma Gastrodiae, which is characterized in that described first covers right above tip Bottom plate on be provided with button, waterproof jacket, the button and microcontroller connection are provided on the button.
6. the planting equipment according to any one of claims 1-5 for Rhizoma Gastrodiae, which is characterized in that the air inlet pipe one End is connected with telescoping tube, and the air inlet pipe other end is located at by cultivation box, is rotatably connected in the air inlet pipe by the cultivation box Air inlet head, the air inlet head are obliquely installed to far from cultivation box side from below to up, and the air inlet head fixed sleeves are connected to gear; It is provided with cylinder by the water tank, piston is provided in the cylinder, rack gear, the rack gear and tooth are fixed on the piston Wheel engagement.
CN201810374164.9A 2018-04-24 2018-04-24 Planting equipment for Rhizoma Gastrodiae Active CN108668695B (en)

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CN108668695B true CN108668695B (en) 2019-07-16

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CN113057050A (en) * 2021-03-24 2021-07-02 三峡大学 Intelligent gastrodia elata planting factory

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CN107318532A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-07 蒋涛 A kind of box Chinese medicine rhizoma Gastrodiae planting unit of ecological, environmental protective

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CN201131203Y (en) * 2007-12-18 2008-10-15 罗勇堂 Automatic irrigating and planting box
CN103891511A (en) * 2014-04-10 2014-07-02 郴州市芝草食用菌科技开发有限公司 Box-type planting device for tall gastrodia tuber
WO2017125588A1 (en) * 2016-01-21 2017-07-27 Rijk Zwaan Zaadteelt En Zaadhandel B.V. Improved method for producing consumer-ready vegetables, mushrooms or herbs in a box
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