CN104855114A - Method for planting walnuts and peppers in stony desertification soil - Google Patents

Method for planting walnuts and peppers in stony desertification soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104855114A
CN104855114A CN201510290825.6A CN201510290825A CN104855114A CN 104855114 A CN104855114 A CN 104855114A CN 201510290825 A CN201510290825 A CN 201510290825A CN 104855114 A CN104855114 A CN 104855114A
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soil
walnut
pepper
stony desertification
seedling
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CN201510290825.6A
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钟静海
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钟静海
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting walnuts and peppers in stony desertification soil. The method includes the following steps that 1, planting pits are expanded, water retention layers which are formed by mixing wood bits, straw, dead leaves and ceramsite are laid at the bottoms of the planting pits, and a latticed groove is formed in each water retention layer in an upturned mode to wrap the corresponding water retention layer; 2, the latticed grooves are filled with nutrient soil by 10-35 cm, and the nutrient soil is formed by mixing, by weight, 80-120 parts of sandy soil, 50-70 parts of humic acid soil, 11-15 parts of plant ash, 5-10 parts of farmyard manure and 5-9 parts of attapulgite clay; after being cultivated in degradable latticed seedling culture trays to grow 60-100 cm, walnut seedlings and pepper seedlings are planted in the different planting pits at intervals together with the seedling culture trays, and the planting pits are filled and leveled up with the nutrient soil so that the walnuts and the peppers can be planted.

Description

A kind of method in stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper
Technical field
The present invention relates to stony desertification soil remediation field, particularly relate to the method for a kind of utilization in stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper to administer the method for Soil rocky desertification.
Background technology
Stony desertification is the abbreviation of " land desertification ", under referring to the natural background of extremely growing at the torrid zone, moistening, the subhumid climate condition in subtropics and karst, disturb by human activity, surface vegetation is wrecked, soil is caused seriously to run off, the land deterioration phenomenon of the exposed or gravel buildup of basement rock large area is also the extreme form of karst area land deterioration.For a long time, the regional natural vegetations such as China Guangzhou, Yunnan are constantly destroyed, opening up wasteland in large-area abrupt slope, causes earth's surface exposed, add that Karst stony mountain areas soil layer is thin, basement rock exposure is shallow, heavy rain scouring force is strong, and after a large amount of water and soil loss, rock shows especially exposed gradually, presents " stony desertification " phenomenon, and As time goes on, the degree of " stony desertification " and area are also constantly being deepened and development.At present, the improvement of stony desertification soil more and more attracts people's attention, but general administering method onset is slow, difficulty is large, income is little.
Walnut adaptability is very strong, and in China, most area has plantation.Walnut requires not tight to soil, easily survive, growth is rapidly, tree-like tall and big, and walnut is one of large dry fruit in the world four, nutritious, has very high economic worth.Pepper belongs to wooden and climbs up by holding on to liane, should be grown in the woods of concealment, heat-resisting, drought-enduring, resistive, easily to transplant, less demanding to soil, its seed is parts of generic medicinal plants, has certain economic worth, the weather conditions that the areas such as Guangdong of Soil rocky desertification, Guangxi and Yunnan easily occur China of China are applicable to the growth of pepper, but due to stony desertification soil depletion, and water retention capacity is poor, also there is no the report of walnut and the plantation of pepper on stony desertification soil at present.
Summary of the invention
An object of the present invention is to solve at least the problems referred to above and/or defect, and the advantage will illustrated at least is below provided.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of method in stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, can make walnut and pepper normal growth in stony desertification soil, and stony desertification soil is governed.
A further object of the invention is, provides a kind of method improving stony desertification retention capacity of soil, can store certain rainwater, and keep soil moisture by osmosis, ensure the growth needs of walnut and pepper in plantation hole.
A further object of the invention is, provides the method for a kind of intercropping walnut and pepper on stony desertification soil, improves the economic benefit of Rocky Desertification Control.
Other objects with some for achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
In a method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, comprise the following steps:
Step one, expansion plantation hole, it is 40-100cm × 40-100cm that the rock pit that stony desertification regional nature is formed is extended to size, the degree of depth is the plantation hole of 50-100cm, and the water conservation layer of 20-30cm is laid in bottom, plantation hole, described water conservation layer is mixed by dead leaf and 10-15 weight portion haydite bottom 30-50 weight portion wood fragments bits, 30-50 weight portion straw, the 20-30 weight portion woods; On described water conservation layer, the latticed groove of back-off one, forms the parcel to water conservation layer;
Step 2, on described latticed groove, fill the Nutrition Soil of 10-35cm, wherein, described Nutrition Soil is mixed by the component of following weight portion: sandy soil 80-120, humic sour soil 50-70, ash 11-15, farmyard manure 5-10 and attapulgite 5-9;
Step 3, walnut seedling and pepper seedling are cultured to 60-100cm height respectively in degradable latticed seedling-cultivating tray after, together with described seedling-cultivating tray interval field planting in different plantations hole, and plantation hole is filled and led up with described Nutrition Soil, make walnut and pepper obtain field planting.
Preferably, described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, in step 3, form through super-dry after described latticed seedling-cultivating tray is woven by bark.
Preferably, described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, the size of described latticed seedling-cultivating tray is 15-20cm × 15-20cm × 10-20cm, and also can be diameter is 15-20cm, and the degree of depth is the tubular of 10-20cm; The length of embedment of described latticed seedling-cultivating tray is as the criterion for 10-30cm to make the Nutrition Soil thickness bottom seedling-cultivating tray and between latticed groove.
Preferably, described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, walnut and pepper interval are planted, and the spacing in the rows of walnut and pepper is 1-1.5m, the spacing in the rows between walnut is 3-5 rice.
Preferably, described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, haydite described in step one is obtained after pulverizing and granulating by the raw material of following weight portion: blocks of natural stone 80-150, the attapulgite 5-8 in stony desertification region and vermiculite 10-20.
Preferably, described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, periphery cutting depth around plantation hole is the annular groove of 10-20cm, assembling at the lower side of annular groove at the down direction of the gradient along stony desertification soil is highly the enclosing of 10-15cm, makes annular groove form a water storage mechanism.
Preferably, described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, described enclosing adopts natural stone on stony desertification soil to assemble, and the gap of enclosing adopts mixed clay to fill, and sows the stem of noble dendrobium in mixed clay;
Wherein, described mixed clay comprises the component of following weight portion: humic sour soil 80-150, soil binder 2-10 and fish pond bed mud 30-50.
Preferably, described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, the initial stage watered a water every 5-7 days after by walnut seedling and pepper Seeding planting, watered after 3-5 time continuously, irrigated according to soil moisture content in good time.
The present invention at least comprises following beneficial effect: the present invention is by expanding pit natural in stony desertification soil; and the water conservation layer that the interior laying in plantation hole is after expansion mixed by wood fragments bits, straw, dead leaf and haydite; the water retention capacity of soil can be improved; and improve the gas permeability of soil; haydite wherein not only has stronger water imbibition; and make water conservation layer have certain support strength, enable water conservation layer keep fluffy configuration, more moisture can be stored.By placing the meshed grooves of back-off on water conservation layer, and Nutrition Soil is filled into meshed grooves top, Nutrition Soil is supported, also be effect water conservation layer being played to support, reduce Nutrition Soil to the extruding of water conservation layer, water conservation layer is absorbed and stores a certain amount of moisture, and pass through osmosis, keep the moisture that in plantation hole, Nutrition Soil is certain, ensure the growth needs of walnut and pepper, effectively improve survival rate.
In addition, the present invention, by arranging annular groove at plantation hole periphery, can not only avoid plantation hole internal water accumulation, and rainwater can be made to be stored, and rainwater can be made slowly to penetrate into the water conservation layer of bottom, plantation hole, play the effect of taking precautions against drought, ensure the growth needs of walnut and pepper.
Finally, the present invention, by utilizing in stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, can utilize stony desertification soil region good growing weather condition, and walnut growth rapidly, tree-like up to etc. feature, enable walnut smooth growth result on stony desertification soil, create economic worth; And English walnut is ombrophyte, and it has medical value is fruit, can not vegetation destruction during harvesting, and walnut carries out intercropping, can not only provide the illumination condition suitable to English walnut, and increase economic benefit.
Part is embodied by explanation below by other advantage of the present invention, target and feature, part also will by research and practice of the present invention by those skilled in the art is understood.
Embodiment
Below the present invention is elaborated, can implement according to this after consulting this specification to make those of ordinary skill in the art.
In a method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, comprise the following steps:
Step one, expansion plantation hole; it is 40-100cm × 40-100cm that the rock pit that stony desertification regional nature is formed is extended to size; the degree of depth is the plantation hole of 50-100cm; and the water conservation layer of 20-30cm is laid in bottom, plantation hole, described water conservation layer is mixed by dead leaf and 10-15 weight portion haydite bottom 30-50 weight portion wood fragments bits, 30-50 weight portion straw, the 20-30 weight portion woods.Water conservation layer has very strong water imbibition, can absorb a part of rainwater when rainfall, thus improves the water retention capacity of soil, and improves the gas permeability of soil.On described water conservation layer, the latticed groove of back-off one, forms the parcel to water conservation layer, water conservation layer can be avoided by the excessive compression of upper layer of soil, can keep certain volume, thus retain moisture.Groove is latticed is to enable the moisture of water conservation layer upwards be penetrated within upper layer of soil by capillarity, thus keeps the humidity of upper layer of soil, and improves the gas permeability of soil, is conducive to the growth of plant.Haydite not only has stronger water imbibition, and makes water conservation layer have certain support strength, enables water conservation layer keep fluffy configuration, can store more moisture.
Step 2, on described latticed groove, fill the Nutrition Soil of 10-35cm, wherein, described Nutrition Soil is mixed by the component of following weight portion: sandy soil 80-120, humic sour soil 50-70, ash 11-15, farmyard manure 5-10 and attapulgite 5-9.Wherein sandy soil account for obtain large percentage, are the gas permeabilities in order to improve Nutrition Soil, make it more be applicable to the growth of walnut and pepper, and are conducive to rainwater and permeate to water conservation layer.Humic sour soil, ash and farmyard manure all containing abundant organic matter, for plant provides abundant nutrient, and can regulate the pH value of mixed clay, make it more be applicable to the growth of walnut and pepper, the gas permeability of the soil that can also have additional nutrients and moisture capacity.Attapulgite not only has good water imbibition, has more good absorption property, a large amount of mineral matter elements being conducive to walnut and pepper growth can be made to be adsorbed and assemble, greatly improve the fertility of Nutrition Soil.
Step 3, walnut seedling and pepper seedling are cultured to 60-100cm height respectively in degradable latticed seedling-cultivating tray after, together with described seedling-cultivating tray interval field planting in different plantations hole, and plantation hole is filled and led up with described Nutrition Soil, make walnut and pepper obtain field planting.By using seedling-cultivating tray, the survival rate of walnut and pepper seedling can be improved, and play fixing effect.And due to seedling-cultivating tray be latticed, increase the gas permeability of soil, and can prevent waterlogging and take precautions against drought, along with the growth of seedling, root system can pass bottom seedling-cultivating tray and the gap surrounding of wall extends, and As time goes on, seedling-cultivating tray will progressively be degraded, and be the supplementary organic matter of soil.
Described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, in step 3, form through super-dry after described latticed seedling-cultivating tray is woven by bark.Weave after first bark can being made strip, bark has certain pliability, and easily degrades.Carry out drying after braiding sizing, can adopt natural air drying or low temperature drying, the seedling-cultivating tray that bark can be made to make has certain water imbibition.
Described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, the size of described latticed seedling-cultivating tray is 15-20cm × 15-20cm × 10-20cm, and also can be diameter is 15-20cm, and the degree of depth is the tubular of 10-20cm; The length of embedment of described latticed seedling-cultivating tray is as the criterion for 10-30cm to make the Nutrition Soil thickness bottom seedling-cultivating tray and between latticed groove, makes the bottom of seedling-cultivating tray comparatively close to water conservation layer, is conducive to moisture and upwards permeates.
Described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, walnut and pepper interval are planted, and the spacing in the rows of walnut and pepper is 1-1.5m, pepper can be sought connections with and grow on walnut trunk.Spacing in the rows between walnut is 3-5 rice.
Described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, haydite described in step one is obtained after pulverizing and granulating by the raw material of following weight portion: blocks of natural stone 80-150, the attapulgite 5-8 in stony desertification region and vermiculite 10-20, make haydite not only have water imbibition and support function, abundant trace element can also be provided.
Described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, periphery cutting depth around plantation hole is the annular groove of 10-20cm, assembling at the lower side of annular groove at the down direction of the gradient along stony desertification soil is highly the enclosing of 10-15cm, annular groove is made to form a water storage mechanism, plantation hole internal water accumulation can not only be avoided, and excessive rainfall can be made to be stored, and rainwater can be made slowly to penetrate into the water conservation layer of bottom, plantation hole, play the effect of taking precautions against drought, ensure the growth needs of walnut and pepper.
Described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, described enclosing adopts natural stone on stony desertification soil to assemble, and the gap of enclosing adopts mixed clay to fill, and sows the stem of noble dendrobium in mixed clay; Wherein, described mixed clay comprises the component of following weight portion: humic sour soil 80-150, soil binder 2-10 and fish pond bed mud 30-50.Fish pond bed mud not only containing abundant organic matter, and has certain viscosity, in conjunction with the effect of soil binder, makes the combination between stone more firm, thus can improve the structural integrity of enclosing.Enclosing can slow down the flow velocity of rainwater, and more rainwater is stored in annular groove, and then makes water conservation layer absorb more rainwater, plays better water retention.In addition, multiple enclosing is uniformly distributed along the hillside of stony desertification soil, and stony desertification soil can be made to present fish scale-shaped, greatly weakens rainwater washing away stony desertification soil, water and soil is maintained.The stem of noble dendrobium is also for having the herbaceos perennial of medical value, and it requires not strict to soil, very easily grow in crack of stone, can increase the vegetation of stony desertification soil, and increase economic efficiency.
Described in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, the initial stage watered a water every 5-7 days after by walnut seedling and pepper Seeding planting, watered after 3-5 time continuously, irrigated according to soil moisture content in good time.
Although embodiment of the present invention are open as above, but it is not restricted to listed in specification and embodiment utilization, it can be applied to various applicable the field of the invention completely, for those skilled in the art, can easily realize other amendment, therefore do not deviating under the universal that claim and equivalency range limit, the present invention is not limited to specific details.

Claims (8)

1., in a method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
Step one, expansion plantation hole, it is 40-100cm × 40-100cm that the rock pit that stony desertification regional nature is formed is extended to size, the degree of depth is the plantation hole of 50-100cm, and the water conservation layer of 20-30cm is laid in bottom, plantation hole, described water conservation layer is mixed by dead leaf and 10-15 weight portion haydite bottom 30-50 weight portion wood fragments bits, 30-50 weight portion straw, the 20-30 weight portion woods; On described water conservation layer, the latticed groove of back-off one, forms the parcel to water conservation layer;
Step 2, on described latticed groove, fill the Nutrition Soil of 10-35cm, wherein, described Nutrition Soil is mixed by the component of following weight portion: sandy soil 80-120, humic sour soil 50--70, ash 11-15, farmyard manure 5-10 and attapulgite 5-9;
Step 3, walnut seedling and pepper seedling are cultured to 60-100cm height respectively in degradable latticed seedling-cultivating tray after, together with described seedling-cultivating tray interval field planting in different plantations hole, and plantation hole is filled and led up with described Nutrition Soil, make walnut and pepper obtain field planting.
2., as claimed in claim 1 in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, it is characterized in that, in step 3, form through super-dry after described latticed seedling-cultivating tray is woven by bark.
3., as claimed in claim 1 in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, it is characterized in that, the size of described latticed seedling-cultivating tray is 15-20cm × 15-20cm × 10-20cm, and also can be diameter is 15-20cm, and the degree of depth is the tubular of 10-20cm; The length of embedment of described latticed seedling-cultivating tray is as the criterion for 10-30cm to make the Nutrition Soil thickness bottom seedling-cultivating tray and between latticed groove.
4., as claimed in claim 1 in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, it is characterized in that, walnut and pepper interval are planted, and the spacing in the rows of walnut and pepper is 1-1.5m, the spacing in the rows between walnut is 3-5 rice.
5. as claimed in claim 1 in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, it is characterized in that, haydite described in step one is obtained after pulverizing and granulating by the raw material of following weight portion: blocks of natural stone 80-150, the attapulgite 5-8 in stony desertification region and vermiculite 10-20.
6. as claimed in claim 1 in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, it is characterized in that, periphery cutting depth around plantation hole is the annular groove of 10-20cm, assembling at the lower side of annular groove at the down direction of the gradient along stony desertification soil is highly the enclosing of 10-15cm, makes annular groove form a water storage mechanism.
7. as claimed in claim 5 in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, it is characterized in that, described enclosing adopts natural stone on stony desertification soil to assemble, and the gap of enclosing adopts mixed clay to fill, and sows the stem of noble dendrobium in mixed clay;
Wherein, described mixed clay comprises the component of following weight portion: humic sour soil 80-150, soil binder 2-10 and fish pond bed mud 30-50.
8. as claimed in claim 1 in the method for stony desertification grown on soil walnut and pepper, it is characterized in that, the initial stage watered a water every 5-7 days after by walnut seedling and pepper Seeding planting, watered after 3-5 time continuously, irrigated according to soil moisture content in good time.
CN201510290825.6A 2015-05-30 2015-05-30 Method for planting walnuts and peppers in stony desertification soil Pending CN104855114A (en)

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CN105409676A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-03-23 刘发元 High-yield method for planting zanthoxylum bungeanum in desert region
CN105993807A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-10-12 韦美红 Method for planting sterculia nobilis in stony-desertification soil
CN106069537A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 韦美红 A kind of stony desertification soil plantation ring subtree and the method for Herba Passiflorae Foetidae
CN106105704A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-16 韦美红 A kind of method of stony desertification grown on soil Herba Duchesneae Indicae
CN106165567A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-30 韦美红 A kind of method of stony desertification soil plantation Fructus pyri betulaefoliae subtree
CN106171717A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-12-07 韦美红 A kind of method of stony desertification soil plantation oil lamp in front of figure of Buddha fruit
CN107567928A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-12 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 The stony desertification implantation methods of mango
CN107567930A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-12 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 The stony desertification implantation methods of fertile mandarin orange
CN107801551A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-16 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of method of mountain planting mango
CN108207538A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-06-29 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of ginkgo method for transplanting for improving survival rate
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Cited By (12)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409676A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-03-23 刘发元 High-yield method for planting zanthoxylum bungeanum in desert region
CN105409676B (en) * 2015-11-16 2018-08-07 郭文平 The high-yield planting method of Desert Regions Chinese prickly ash
CN105993807A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-10-12 韦美红 Method for planting sterculia nobilis in stony-desertification soil
CN106069537A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 韦美红 A kind of stony desertification soil plantation ring subtree and the method for Herba Passiflorae Foetidae
CN106105704A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-16 韦美红 A kind of method of stony desertification grown on soil Herba Duchesneae Indicae
CN106171717A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-12-07 韦美红 A kind of method of stony desertification soil plantation oil lamp in front of figure of Buddha fruit
CN106165567A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-30 韦美红 A kind of method of stony desertification soil plantation Fructus pyri betulaefoliae subtree
CN107567928A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-12 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 The stony desertification implantation methods of mango
CN107567930A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-12 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 The stony desertification implantation methods of fertile mandarin orange
CN107801551A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-16 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of method of mountain planting mango
CN108207538A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-06-29 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of ginkgo method for transplanting for improving survival rate
CN108738447A (en) * 2018-03-15 2018-11-06 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 A kind of sandy land reconfigured geometry and reconstruct regulation and the method for utilizing

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