CN104285749A - Method for planting cephalomappa sinensis - Google Patents

Method for planting cephalomappa sinensis Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104285749A
CN104285749A CN201410516030.8A CN201410516030A CN104285749A CN 104285749 A CN104285749 A CN 104285749A CN 201410516030 A CN201410516030 A CN 201410516030A CN 104285749 A CN104285749 A CN 104285749A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tree
fertile
seedling
nursery
planting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410516030.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钟静海
龚卫新
李少周
叶金仁
苏永植
韦秀学
Original Assignee
钟静海
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 钟静海 filed Critical 钟静海
Priority to CN201410516030.8A priority Critical patent/CN104285749A/en
Publication of CN104285749A publication Critical patent/CN104285749A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting cephalomappa sinensis. The method is characterized by comprising scientific seed collecting, seedling growing, timely transplanting, forest land management, reasonable leave picking and green prevention and control of plant diseases and insect pests. According to the method for planting the cephalomappa sinensis, a drought-resistant and water-absorbent polymer and a rooting powder are utilized sufficiently during planting to promote the cephalomappa sinensis to grow quickly in stony mountain land under the conditions of thin soil, water shortage and easy drought; an efficient path is provided for comprehensive treatment of stony desertification of karst regions; besides, the forest establishment speed is increased, the feed yield and the greening rate are increased, and the ecological benefit, the social benefit and the economic benefit are effectively improved.

Description

The implantation methods of one seed manure ox tree
Technical field
The invention belongs to plant planting field, being specifically related to is the implantation methods that a seed manure ox is set.
Background technology
Fertile ox tree, Classification system Cephalomappa sinensis (Chun et How) Kosterm, Euphorbiaceae Cephalomappa plant, because raising ox with its leaf, can make ox stout and strong and gaining the name.Originate in the western karst area of Guangxi China of subtropical climate, be mainly distributed in Southwestern Kwangsi, China, the normal and arbor species such as buerretiodendron hsienmu, garcinia paucinervis form the sociales of evergreen broad-leaved forest.Because area is narrow, suffer serious denudation in recent years, distribution reduces year by year, and plant reduces day by day in existence, will have endangered danger, and be classified as state three level protecting plant.
Fertile ox tree ecosystem characterization:
Fertile ox tree is Guangxi endemic tree, natural distribution in Jingxi, Debao, Napo County, sky etc. of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, large new, Longan, Pingguo, Chongzuo, the Limestone Mountain of holding up slow, Wuming, Ningming, Longzhou and Pingxiang one to be with, height above sea level 500 below m.Area average temperature of the whole year 19.1-22 DEG C, the coldest monthly mean temperature 10.9 one 13.9 DEG C, absolute low temperature 2.2 DEG C; Annual rainfall 1000-1500 mm, dry rainy season is obvious, and dry season reaches 6 months.Fertile ox tree is drought-resistant, also has certain tolerance to cold, can the low temperature of resistance to-4 DEG C.
Fertile ox tree is aiphyllium.General 15-20 m of the height of tree, reach as high as 35 m, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 40 about cm, and what have reaches 105 cm.Old dry bark scales off, and tree crown is wide, and in meandering shape, branch heavy foliage is green for sprig; Leaf alternate, keratin, mesophyll is slightly thick.Start to blossom and bear fruit after life in 7 ~ 8 years of fertile ox tree, 3-April blooms, 6-July fruit maturation, time ripe, pericarp is become faint yellow from dark green, and really ripe rear seed comes off very soon.Biennial bearing is not obvious, and almost fruit growing in close clusters every year.
The inclined feminine tree of Cephalomappa, many growths are in the peak forest of limestone and the round depression in peak cluster area or Colaesce depression.Juvenile stage requires that environment is given shade, but also can grow at field, generally few field wild[l.Though with growth in moistening fertile place as well, because root system is sturdy, power of interting is extremely strong, has the ability of decomposing and utilizing limestone, and between high steep rock seam, broken stone extends, and also can climb in raw steep cliff slot.Fertile ox tree stool sprout power is extremely strong, cuts down rear one-tenth and to grow thickly length.Associated tree species has appoints beans, asia belltree root leaf and fruit, Tokyo paulownia, a rice dope, hangs upside down pen, tree of chopping off the tongues, closes flowers and trees, swordleaf dragon tree etc.
Fertile ox tree is worth and purposes:
According to pilot office Xia Shi experiment station, Daqunshan Mountains, Chinese forest-science academy introduction and Experiment, Fei Niushu introduces a fine variety and plants on the acid soil of hills area, grows fair, and branches and leaves are dense luxuriant, development result.According to investigations, tree the highest 25m, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground 50 cm, although the branch bar growth of fertile ox tree is slow, foliage development is fast, and in great numbers, output is high, and term is long.General 900 ~ 1500 strains/hm 2, life in 3 ~ 5 years, can pluck and receive leaf 10 ~ 15 kg in every strain year; What life in 10 years was above can pluck receipts leaf 100-150 kg strong tree year; The veteran of life in 20 years is then plucked and receives leaf 1000-1500 kg, the feed of enough two Niu Quannian.Fertile ox tree is for solution rural area feed stripped, and promote that the development of livestock breeding has very large effect, particularly in the winter that green fodder is poorer, Fei Niushu makes animals can have fresh leaf, is supplied nutrition, especially valuable.
Fertile ox leaf contains more rich nutriment.According to analysis, containing crude fat 8.9% ~ 21. 97%, thick protein 7.4% ~ 13. 23%, raw fiber 24.9%, amino acid 5.8% in cured leaf, in addition containing multiple nutrients materials such as calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, sodium, magnesium.Wherein protein and fat content than straw and corn straw much higher.The fresh leaf of every 100 kg, containing crude protein 3.92%, is equivalent to 150 kg straw; Containing crude fat
1. 67%, be equivalent to 120 kg straw.Fertile ox tree point sweetleaf and two kinds, sour leaf, best with sweetleaf kind, particularly cattle and sheep institute eating.Feed ox with fertile ox leaf, than feed with green grass on average every monthly increase by 7.8 kg; 4.5 kg that then increase weight are fed with the fertile ox leaf of half and half green grass.Feed ox 120 d with fertile ox leaf, body weight 30 kg can be had a net increase of.Breast-feed ox, not only milk cow looks strong, and milk crop also obviously increases.
Slightly tiltedly, structure is careful, and material is hard, unit weight 0.945 g/cm3 for the fertile ox tree grain of wood.Can build, the material such as mechanical industry, furniture, cabinetmaking, seed can extract oil and make iundustrial oil.
Both afforest deserted mountain with fertile ox tree afforestation, produce again feed and timber, killing three birds with one stone.So Fei Niushu a kind ofly has higher ecology, the seeds of Social and economic benef@, can at Guangxi limestone mountain areas's popularizing planting.Fertile ox tree tree crown is spheroidal simultaneously, and tender leaf lilac red, tree-like U.S., resistance to pruning, can make street tree or flower garden afforestation tree.
Fertile ox tree can grow in crack of stone, well developed root system, and has the ability of decomposing and utilizing limestone, can look with luxuriant foliage and spreading branches in leafy profusion in the gap of rock.Be develop animal husbandry in Limestone Mountain Areas, increase economic efficiency, the hope place of increasing farmers' income, to greening Mountainous Area, recover tor vegetation, water conservation, regulate the climate, improve the ecotope of Mountainous Area, the reduced circumstances tool changing the mountain area people is of great significance.
Fertile ox tree is worth high, of many uses, but area is narrow, suffers serious denudation in recent years, distribution reduces year by year, plant reduces day by day in existence, endangered danger, for saving the precious rare plant of China, the fertile ox tree of large area development plantation, solve animal husbandry animals feed, provide wood utilization and planting trees on barren hills, it is imperative that artificial culture plants fertile ox tree.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for the rare plant that China is precious fertile ox tree because excessive firewood is adopted, graze cattle, sheep raising, endangered danger, the implantation methods of one seed manure ox tree is provided, the present invention makes full use of anti-drought water-retaining agent and root-inducing powder in plantation, solve the tor ground Fast Growth that fertile ox tree is thin at soil, lack of water is easily non-irrigated very well, for the karst area stony desertification comprehensive regulation provides effective way, and accelerate speed of growing into forest, improve product and raise rate and green percentage, effectively improve ecological benefits, Social benefit and economic benefit.
The implantation methods of fertile ox tree is as follows:
1, collect seed
The 6-7 month, fertile ox set fruit maturation, and the ripe rear seed of fruit comes off very soon, because birds and beasts happiness is eaten, should grasp opportunity, capsule of gathering in time.Can be layered on the ground with plastic film when gathering, then climb the tree and beat fruit with wooden stick, fruit is come off on film.The fruit adopted back can not tan by the sun, and should spread out immediately dry in the shade in indoor, allows capsule ftracture voluntarily seed, selects clean kind.Seed, containing oil, is easily lost germinating capacity, should not be hidden for a long time, should with adopting with broadcasting (autumn sowing).As seed needs long-distance allocation and transportation, after moisturizing thing (as wooden chaff or liver moss) mixing should be added, use wooden-box package.
2, nursery
Described nursery comprises nursery lot seed seedling-raising, container seed seedling-raising or Shoot breeding.
Due to birds and beasts eating seed, therefore unsuitable direct seeding forestation, can seedling nursery and container nursery be carried out.
(1) seedling nursery
Seed seedling-raising
Nursery lot should be selected in fertile, loose, well-drained gentle slope or toe, calcium soil or subacidity to neutral sandy loam, if answer liming in acid soil nursery or apply ash.Seeding quantity 200 ~ 250 kg/hm 2, the 7-8 month is sowed, and by bar program request method, bar is apart from 25 cm, and point is apart from 5 cm.Broadcast rear earthing 2 cm, and cover careless heat and moisture preserving, be strictly on guard against the plague of rats.10-15 d just can germinate unearthed, and seed sprouting takes off grass after being unearthed in time, and takes shading shed.Within about 1 month, grow 1-2 true leaves.The seedling growth phase is strengthened weeding, loosens the soil, applies fertilizer, and promotes growth of seedling.After nursery stock lignification, can remove canopy grass gradually, increase illumination, afforest in Miao Kechu garden, more than 1-2 seedbed, produces seedling amount 300,000 strains/hm 2left and right.Best cultivating large seedling (3 ~ 4 years) planting with truncated stem, better effects if.
(2) container nursery
Fresh kind of container nursery germination rate is more than 80%, can afforest ahead of time, and survival rate is high.
Nutritious bag: the plastic film bag nursery by specification being high 15 cm, diameter 10 cm.
Nursery place: should be selected in have a good transport service, nearly planting site, nearly water source, place that physical features is mild, nursery lot is better.Note anti-birds and beasts food seed.
Nutritive soil preparation: rendzinas, ash, become thoroughly decomposed pig cow and bullock manure, ratio is 7-8:1., 5-2.5:0.5.
Seedling raise period: spring, summer, autumn all can nursery, but spring, seedling growing in summer must take cool canopy.
Dress cup: the Nutrition Soil prepared is filled nutritious bag.
Dibbling: every nutritious bag dibbling 2 ~ 3, blinding thickness 0.8-1 cm.
Management: after planting must water, keeps ground moistening, is beneficial to come up, and during 15 ~ 20 d, check situation of emerging, and thinning is in time filled the gaps with seedlings, every nutritious bag retains a strain healthy seedling.Depending on seedling growth situation, the muck or chemical fertilizer that become thoroughly decomposed can be imposed in right amount, topdress and should follow a small amount of principle repeatedly.Carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest.About 3 months, nursery stock can grow tall 20 more than cm, can go out garden afforestation.
(3) Shoot breeding
Fertile ox tree rudiment power is strong, available overhead layering or cottage propagation.In order to improve fertile ox leaf nutrient and output, high yield plant 1 ~ 2 year healthy and strong branch of life of sweetleaf kind can be selected, carry out cuttage and seedling culture in the annual 1-3 month.Long 15 ~ 20 cm of cuttings, reserve 1-2 leaves, upper end clip is waxed, and lower end is whittled into horse ear shape; After 2/3 of cuttings inserts husky bed, compressed.Cuttage in the 1-2 month, should be carried out when namely sprouting will sprout season.Take cool canopy after inserting, and often sprinkle water, keep bed surface moistening, be conducive to root of hair.Shoot breeding is afforested, and effect is pretty good.After afforestation, 1-2a can start priming leaf.
3, fertile ox tree is transplanted
Plantation measures tor middle and lower part, trench both sides or depression limestone grow the soil formed.Spot soil preparation, cave specification 50 cm × 50 cm × 30 cm, fodder forest should dense planting, seeding row spacing at 1.5 m × 2m or 2m × 2m, 1 650 strains/hm 2; In the forest land that water and fertilizer condition is good, can seeding row spacing be strengthened, make feed, use the dual-purpose woods of material.Planting season carries out when earth drenches after should being selected in 1-3 month rain.At arid season, in planting pit, use water-loss reducer, fertile ox tree survival rate can be improved and promote growth fast.The function 1 of water-loss reducer, water conservation: water-loss reducer can effectively suppress moisture to evaporate.After infiltrating water-loss reducer in soil, inhibit moisture to evaporate to a great extent, improve saturated soil water content, reduce the saturated hydraulic conductivity of soil, thus slow down the speed of soil release water, decrease infiltration and the loss of soil moisture, reach the object of water conservation.2, improve soil: during water-loss reducer is manured into soil, along with the regularity of imbibition and dehydration shrinkage changes, surrounding soil can be made to be become from consolidation loose, hole increases, thus improves the penetrating situation of soil to a certain extent.3, fertilizer conservation: because water-loss reducer has the effect absorbing and protect retaining and divide, therefore the nutriment required for the crop growths such as chemical fertilizer soluble in water, agricultural chemicals can be fixed wherein, decrease the leaching loss of soluble nutrient to a certain extent, reach the effect that water saving joint is fertile, improve water and fertilizer utilization.4, be incubated: water-loss reducer has good heat-insulating property.After using water-loss reducer, the Thermoregulation nocturnal temperature that the water tariff collection part daylight of absorption can be utilized to produce, makes soil day and night temperature reduce.In sandy loam, be mixed with the water-loss reducer of 0.1% ~ 0.2%, the temperature monitoring of 10 cm layer of soil is shown, have cushioning effect to soil temperature lifting, make day and night temperature be reduced to 11 DEG C ~ 13.5 DEG C, and do not have the soil of water-loss reducer to be 11 DEG C ~ 19.5 DEG C.During field planting, suitable beta pruning leaf and slurry root, add root-inducing powder during slurry root, is conducive to improving survival rate.Pure forest can be built or with weak beans, paper mulberry, Chinese toon, Ilex Latifolia Thunb, dog bone wood and push up that the seeds such as fruit tree are mixed hands over, the ratio that in mixed forest, fertile ox is set accounts for 2/3 as well.If rock open ground afforestation, should consider actually have the ground block size etc. of soil because usually arranging to plant.
4, Forest field management
Fertile ox tree children growth in age is slow, and middle growth in age is fast.Will manage 1 ~ 2 time every year after afforestation, manage 3a continuously, each strain sealing fertilizer 0.2-1 kilogram, use anti-drought water-retaining agent, soil surface spreads fertilizer over the fields simultaneously: consumption is 6.6 ~ 15,000 grams/acre, makes earth's surface form Moisture conservation rete.Also can ditch spread or spread manuer in holes, consumption is 0.5 ~ 10,000 gram/acre, with opening with executing.The dodder removing colonized on plant is burnt, guarantees normal plants, and seal a mountain pass for a long time, forbid to herd, prevent livestock to cause harm treelet.Fertile ox tree rudiment power is extremely strong, conveniently plucks fresh leaf, feasible coppice method.When the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground reaches 5-6 cm, cut down end of the branch at overhead high 1-1.5m place, allow it sprout branch, can sprout branches and leaves of growing thickly in a large number then, coppice shoot looks fast, and after 1a, coppice shoot can grow 1 ~ 2 m.The annual part of felling in turn branches and leaves, promote that it sprouts new buds, to ensure a year leaf yield subsequently.
5, picking leaves
The 1-3 year after fertile ox tree afforestation namely visual growing state start to pluck and adopt a small amount of leaf, every strain monthly can pluck 0.5-1 kg, increases month by month later; Cut 1a behind end of the branch, namely enter shoot and leaf growth and contain the phase.During picking leaves, note harvesting reasonable, excessive growth branch will pluck top in time, dwarfed plant, strengthens hat width, picking leaves after convenient.The nitrogenous fertilizer such as farmyard manure or urea should be executed the rainy season after picking leaves.Afforest after 4 ~ 5 years, if manage well, each per hectare can fresh tea picking 15000-45000 kg.
6, the extermination of disease and insect pest
First carry out the prediction work of damage by disease and insect, accomplish matching species with the site, to strengthen the resistance of plant.Simultaneously many Mixed Forests, can the generation of preventing disease and pest in advance.
Fertile ox sets common damage by disease and insect leaf spot, and available bordeaux mixture, lime sulphur and organic sulfur preparation spray, and to leaf of just falling ill, can extract and burn, in case pathogen is propagated.
Common insect pest mainly defoliator, because fertile ox leaf is used as green fodder, then should not sprays with chemical agent, can catch and kill statvolt adult in the tree in the morning, also can discharge oophagous trichogrammae in the Adult worms producting eggs phase of containing, utilize natural enemy desinsection, Be very effective.
 
the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The invention provides the implantation methods of a seed manure ox tree, the present invention makes full use of anti-drought water-retaining agent and root-inducing powder in plantation, solve the tor ground Fast Growth that fertile ox tree is thin at soil, lack of water is easily non-irrigated very well, for the karst area stony desertification comprehensive regulation provides effective way, and accelerate speed of growing into forest, improve product and raise rate and green percentage, effectively improve ecological benefits, Social benefit and economic benefit.
 
Embodiment
Embodiment one:
1, collect seed
The 6-7 month, fertile ox set fruit maturation, and the ripe rear seed of fruit comes off very soon, because birds and beasts happiness is eaten, should grasp opportunity, capsule of gathering in time.Can be layered on the ground with plastic film when gathering, then climb the tree and beat fruit with wooden stick, fruit is come off on film.The fruit adopted back can not tan by the sun, and should spread out immediately dry in the shade in indoor, allows capsule ftracture voluntarily seed, selects clean kind.Seed, containing oil, is easily lost germinating capacity, should not be hidden for a long time, should with adopting with broadcasting (autumn sowing).
2, nursery
Seed seedling-raising: nursery lot should be selected in fertile, loose, well-drained gentle slope or toe, calcium soil or subacidity to neutral sandy loam, if answer liming in acid soil nursery or apply ash.Seeding quantity 200 ~ 250 kg/hm2, the 7-8 month is sowed, and by bar program request method, bar is apart from 25 cm, and point is apart from 5 cm.Broadcast rear earthing 2 cm, and cover careless heat and moisture preserving, be strictly on guard against the plague of rats.10-15 d just can germinate unearthed, and seed sprouting takes off grass after being unearthed in time, and takes shading shed.Within about 1 month, grow 1-2 true leaves.The seedling growth phase is strengthened weeding, loosens the soil, applies fertilizer, and promotes growth of seedling.After nursery stock lignification, can remove canopy grass gradually, increase illumination, afforest in Miao Kechu garden, more than 1-2a seedbed, produces seedling amount 300,000 strains/about hm2.Best cultivating large seedling (3 ~ 4 a) planting with truncated stems, better effects if.
3, fertile ox tree is transplanted
Plantation measures tor middle and lower part, trench both sides or depression limestone grow the soil formed.Spot soil preparation, cave specification 50 cm × 50 cm × 30 cm, fodder forest should dense planting, seeding row spacing at 1.5 m × 2m or 2m × 2m, 1 650 strains/hm2; In the forest land that water and fertilizer condition is good, can seeding row spacing be strengthened, make feed, use the dual-purpose woods of material.Planting season carries out when earth drenches after should being selected in 1-3 month rain.At arid season, in planting pit, use water-loss reducer, can improve fertile ox tree survival rate and promote growth fast, consumption is 5 ~ 10,000 grams/acre.During field planting, suitable beta pruning leaf and slurry root, add root-inducing powder during slurry root, is conducive to improving survival rate.
4, Forest field management
Fertile ox tree children growth in age is slow, and middle growth in age is fast.Will manage 1 ~ 2 time every year after afforestation, manage 3a continuously, each strain sealing fertilizer 0.2-1 kilogram, use anti-drought water-retaining agent, soil surface spreads fertilizer over the fields simultaneously: consumption is 6.6 ~ 15,000 grams/acre, makes earth's surface form Moisture conservation rete.Also can ditch spread or spread manuer in holes, consumption is 5 ~ 10,000 grams/acre, with opening with executing.The dodder removing colonized on plant is burnt, guarantees normal plants, and seal a mountain pass for a long time, forbid to herd, prevent livestock to cause harm treelet.Fertile ox tree rudiment power is extremely strong, conveniently plucks fresh leaf, feasible coppice method.When the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground reaches 5-6 cm, cut down end of the branch at overhead high 1-1.5m place, allow it sprout branch, can sprout branches and leaves of growing thickly in a large number then, coppice shoot looks fast, and after 1a, coppice shoot can grow 1 ~ 2 m.The annual part of felling in turn branches and leaves, promote that it sprouts new buds, to ensure a year leaf yield subsequently.
5, picking leaves
The 1-3 year after fertile ox tree afforestation namely visual growing state start to pluck and adopt a small amount of leaf, every strain monthly can pluck 0.5-1 kg, increases month by month later; Cut 1a behind end of the branch, namely enter shoot and leaf growth and contain the phase.During picking leaves, note harvesting reasonable, excessive growth branch will pluck top in time, dwarfed plant, strengthens hat width, picking leaves after convenient.The nitrogenous fertilizer such as farmyard manure or urea should be executed the rainy season after picking leaves.
6, the extermination of disease and insect pest
First carry out the prediction work of damage by disease and insect, accomplish matching species with the site, to strengthen the resistance of plant.Simultaneously many Mixed Forests, can the generation of preventing disease and pest in advance.
Fertile ox sets common damage by disease and insect leaf spot, and available bordeaux mixture, lime sulphur and organic sulfur preparation spray, and to leaf of just falling ill, can extract and burn, in case pathogen is propagated.
Common insect pest mainly defoliator, because fertile ox leaf is used as green fodder, then should not sprays with chemical agent, can catch and kill statvolt adult in the tree in the morning, also can discharge oophagous trichogrammae in the Adult worms producting eggs phase of containing, utilize natural enemy desinsection, Be very effective.
 
Embodiment two:
1, collect seed
The 6-7 month, fertile ox set fruit maturation, and the ripe rear seed of fruit comes off very soon, because birds and beasts happiness is eaten, should grasp opportunity, capsule of gathering in time.Can be layered on the ground with plastic film when gathering, then climb the tree and beat fruit with wooden stick, fruit is come off on film.The fruit adopted back can not tan by the sun, and should spread out immediately dry in the shade in indoor, allows capsule ftracture voluntarily seed, selects clean kind.Seed, containing oil, is easily lost germinating capacity, should not be hidden for a long time, should with adopting with broadcasting (autumn sowing).
2, nursery
Shoot breeding: fertile ox tree rudiment power is strong, available overhead layering or cottage propagation.In order to improve fertile ox leaf nutrient and output, the raw healthy and strong branch of high yield plant 1 ~ 2 a of sweetleaf kind can be selected, carry out cuttage and seedling culture in the annual 1-3 month.Long 15 ~ 20 cm of cuttings, reserve 1-2 leaves, upper end clip is waxed, and lower end is whittled into horse ear shape; After 2/3 of cuttings inserts husky bed, compressed.Cuttage in the 1-2 month, should be carried out when namely sprouting will sprout season.Take cool canopy after inserting, and often sprinkle water, keep bed surface moistening, be conducive to root of hair.Shoot breeding is afforested, and effect is pretty good.After afforestation, 1-2a can start priming leaf.
3, fertile ox tree is transplanted
Plantation measures tor middle and lower part, trench both sides or depression limestone grow the soil formed.Spot soil preparation, cave specification 50 cm × 50 cm × 30 cm, fodder forest should dense planting, seeding row spacing at 1.5 m × 2m or 2m × 2m, 1 650 strains/hm2; In the forest land that water and fertilizer condition is good, can seeding row spacing be strengthened, make feed, use the dual-purpose woods of material.Planting season carries out when earth drenches after should being selected in 1-3 month rain.At arid season, in planting pit, use anti-drought water-retaining agent, can improve fertile ox tree survival rate and promote growth fast, consumption is 5 ~ 10,000 grams/acre.During field planting, suitable beta pruning leaf and slurry root, add root-inducing powder during slurry root, is conducive to improving survival rate.
4, Forest field management
Fertile ox tree children growth in age is slow, and middle growth in age is fast.Will manage 1 ~ 2 time every year after afforestation, manage 3a continuously, each strain sealing fertilizer 0.2-1 kilogram, use anti-drought water-retaining agent, soil surface spreads fertilizer over the fields simultaneously: consumption is 6.6 ~ 15,000 grams/acre, makes earth's surface form Moisture conservation rete.Also can ditch spread or spread manuer in holes, consumption is 5 ~ 10,000 grams/acre, with opening with executing.The dodder removing colonized on plant is burnt, guarantees normal plants, and seal a mountain pass for a long time, forbid to herd, prevent livestock to cause harm treelet.Fertile ox tree rudiment power is extremely strong, conveniently plucks fresh leaf, feasible coppice method.When the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground reaches 5-6 cm, cut down end of the branch at overhead high 1-1.5m place, allow it sprout branch, can sprout branches and leaves of growing thickly in a large number then, coppice shoot looks fast, and after 1a, coppice shoot can grow 1 ~ 2 m.The annual part of felling in turn branches and leaves, promote that it sprouts new buds, to ensure a year leaf yield subsequently.
5, picking leaves
The 1-3 year after fertile ox tree afforestation namely visual growing state start to pluck and adopt a small amount of leaf, every strain monthly can pluck 0.5-1 kg, increases month by month later; To cut behind end of the branch 1 year, namely enter shoot and leaf growth and contain the phase.During picking leaves, note harvesting reasonable, excessive growth branch will pluck top in time, dwarfed plant, strengthens hat width, picking leaves after convenient.The nitrogenous fertilizer such as farmyard manure or urea should be executed the rainy season after picking leaves.
6, the extermination of disease and insect pest
First carry out the prediction work of damage by disease and insect, accomplish matching species with the site, to strengthen the resistance of plant.Simultaneously many Mixed Forests, can the generation of preventing disease and pest in advance.
Fertile ox sets common damage by disease and insect leaf spot, and available bordeaux mixture, lime sulphur and organic sulfur preparation spray, and to leaf of just falling ill, can extract and burn, in case pathogen is propagated.
Common insect pest mainly defoliator, because fertile ox leaf is used as green fodder, then should not sprays with chemical agent, can catch and kill statvolt adult in the tree in the morning, also can discharge oophagous trichogrammae in the Adult worms producting eggs phase of containing, utilize natural enemy desinsection, Be very effective.
 
Embodiment three:
1, collect seed
The 6-7 month, fertile ox set fruit maturation, and the ripe rear seed of fruit comes off very soon, because birds and beasts happiness is eaten, should grasp opportunity, capsule of gathering in time.Can be layered on the ground with plastic film when gathering, then climb the tree and beat fruit with wooden stick, fruit is come off on film.The fruit adopted back can not tan by the sun, and should spread out immediately dry in the shade in indoor, allows capsule ftracture voluntarily seed, selects clean kind.Seed, containing oil, is easily lost germinating capacity, should not be hidden for a long time, should with adopting with broadcasting (autumn sowing).
2, nursery
Container nursery
Nutritious bag: the plastic film bag nursery by specification being high 15 cm, diameter 10 cm.
Nursery place: should be selected in have a good transport service, nearly planting site, nearly water source, place that physical features is mild, nursery lot is better.Note anti-birds and beasts food seed.
Nutritive soil preparation: rendzinas, ash, become thoroughly decomposed pig cow and bullock manure, ratio is 7-8:1., 5-2.5:0.5.
Seedling raise period: spring, summer, autumn all can nursery, but spring, seedling growing in summer must take cool canopy.
Dress cup: the Nutrition Soil prepared is filled nutritious bag.
Dibbling: every nutritious bag dibbling 2 ~ 3, blinding thickness 0.8-1 cm.
Management: after planting must water, keeps ground moistening, is beneficial to come up, and during 15 ~ 20 d, check situation of emerging, and thinning is in time filled the gaps with seedlings, every nutritious bag retains a strain healthy seedling.Depending on seedling growth situation, the muck or chemical fertilizer that become thoroughly decomposed can be imposed in right amount, topdress and should follow a small amount of principle repeatedly.Carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest.About 3 months, nursery stock can grow tall 20 more than cm, can go out garden afforestation.
3, fertile ox tree is transplanted
Plantation measures tor middle and lower part, trench both sides or depression limestone grow the soil formed.Spot soil preparation, cave specification 50 cm × 50 cm × 30 cm, fodder forest should dense planting, seeding row spacing at 1.5 m × 2m or 2m × 2m, 1 650 strains/hm 2; In the forest land that water and fertilizer condition is good, can seeding row spacing be strengthened, make feed, use the dual-purpose woods of material.Planting season carries out when earth drenches after should being selected in 1-3 month rain.At arid season, in planting pit, use anti-drought water-retaining agent, can improve fertile ox tree survival rate and promote growth fast, consumption is 5 ~ 10,000 grams/acre.During field planting, suitable beta pruning leaf and slurry root, add root-inducing powder during slurry root, is conducive to improving survival rate.
4, Forest field management
Fertile ox tree children growth in age is slow, and middle growth in age is fast.Will manage 1 ~ 2 time every year after afforestation, manage 3a continuously, each strain sealing fertilizer 0.2-1 kilogram, use anti-drought water-retaining agent, soil surface spreads fertilizer over the fields simultaneously: consumption is 6.6 ~ 15,000 grams/acre, makes earth's surface form Moisture conservation rete.Also can ditch spread or spread manuer in holes, consumption is 5 ~ 10,000 grams/acre, with opening with executing.The dodder removing colonized on plant is burnt, guarantees normal plants, and seal a mountain pass for a long time, forbid to herd, prevent livestock to cause harm treelet.Fertile ox tree rudiment power is extremely strong, conveniently plucks fresh leaf, feasible coppice method.When the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground reaches 5-6 cm, cut down end of the branch at overhead high 1-1.5m place, allow it sprout branch, can sprout branches and leaves of growing thickly in a large number then, coppice shoot looks fast, and after 1a, coppice shoot can grow 1 ~ 2 m.The annual part of felling in turn branches and leaves, promote that it sprouts new buds, to ensure a year leaf yield subsequently.
5, picking leaves
The 1-3 year after fertile ox tree afforestation namely visual growing state start to pluck and adopt a small amount of leaf, every strain monthly can pluck 0.5-1 kg, increases month by month later; Cut 1a behind end of the branch, namely enter shoot and leaf growth and contain the phase.During picking leaves, note harvesting reasonable, excessive growth branch will pluck top in time, dwarfed plant, strengthens hat width, picking leaves after convenient.The nitrogenous fertilizer such as farmyard manure or urea should be executed the rainy season after picking leaves.
6, the extermination of disease and insect pest
First carry out the prediction work of damage by disease and insect, accomplish matching species with the site, to strengthen the resistance of plant.Simultaneously many Mixed Forests, can the generation of preventing disease and pest in advance.
Fertile ox sets common damage by disease and insect leaf spot, and available bordeaux mixture, lime sulphur and organic sulfur preparation spray, and to leaf of just falling ill, can extract and burn, in case pathogen is propagated.
Common insect pest mainly defoliator, because fertile ox leaf is used as green fodder, then should not sprays with chemical agent, can catch and kill statvolt adult in the tree in the morning, also can discharge oophagous trichogrammae in the Adult worms producting eggs phase of containing, utilize natural enemy desinsection, Be very effective.

Claims (5)

1. the implantation methods of a seed manure ox tree, is characterized in that:
(1) collect seed
To gather in time in 6-7 month capsule.
2. can be layered on the ground with plastic film when gathering, then climb the tree and beat fruit with wooden stick, fruit is come off on film, and the fruit adopted back is spread out in indoor and is dried in the shade, and allowing capsule ftracture voluntarily seed, selecting clean kind, with adopting with broadcasting;
(2) nursery
Described nursery comprises nursery lot seed seedling-raising, container seed seedling-raising or Shoot breeding;
(3) fertile ox tree is transplanted
Plantation measures tor middle and lower part, trench both sides or depression limestone grow the soil formed, and plant plant hole specification 50 cm × 50 cm × 30 cm, seeding row spacing is at 1.5 m × 2m or 2m × 2m; Planting season carries out when earth drenches after should being selected in 1-3 month rain, at arid season, in planting pit, uses anti-drought water-retaining agent, and consumption is 5 ~ 10,000 grams/acre, during field planting, and suitable beta pruning leaf and slurry root, add root-inducing powder during slurry root;
(4) Forest field management
1 ~ 2 time to be managed every year after afforestation, continuous management 3a, each strain sealing fertilizer 0.2-1 kilogram, use anti-drought water-retaining agent, soil surface spreads fertilizer over the fields simultaneously: consumption is 6.6 ~ 15,000 grams/acre, or ditch spread or spread manuer in holes, consumption is 5 ~ 10,000 grams/acre, seal a mountain pass for a long time, forbid to herd, prevent livestock to cause harm treelet; Implement coppice method: when the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground reaches 5-6 cm, cut down end of the branch at overhead high 1-1.5m place, allow it sprout branch, cut down part branches and leaves in turn every year subsequently, promote that it sprouts new buds, to ensure a year leaf yield;
(5) picking leaves
The 1-3 year after fertile ox tree afforestation namely visual growing state start to pluck and adopt a small amount of leaf, every strain monthly can pluck 0.5-1 kg, increases month by month later; During picking leaves, note harvesting reasonable, excessive growth branch will pluck top in time, dwarfed plant, strengthens hat width, should execute the nitrogenous fertilizer such as farmyard manure or urea the rainy season after picking leaves;
(6) extermination of disease and insect pest
Fertile ox sets common damage by disease and insect leaf spot, and available bordeaux mixture, lime sulphur and organic sulfur preparation spray, and to leaf of just falling ill, can extract and burn, in case pathogen is propagated.
3. the implantation methods of fertile ox tree according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the nursery lot of described seed seedling-raising will be selected in fertile, loose, well-drained gentle slope or toe, calcium soil or subacidity are to neutral sandy loam, if answer liming in acid soil nursery or apply ash, seeding quantity 200 ~ 250 kg/hm2, the 7-8 month is sowed, by bar program request method, bar is apart from 25 cm, point is apart from 5 cm, broadcast rear earthing 2 cm, and cover careless heat and moisture preserving, be strictly on guard against the plague of rats, 10-15 d just can germinate unearthed, seed sprouting takes off grass after being unearthed in time, and take shading shed, within about 1 month, grow 1-2 true leaves, the seedling growth phase strengthens weeding, loosen the soil, fertilising, promote growth of seedling, after nursery stock lignification, canopy grass can be removed gradually, increase illumination, afforest in Miao Kechu garden, more than 1-2a seedbed,
The implantation methods of fertile ox tree according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the nutritious bag that described container seed seedling-raising is selected: the plastic film bag nursery by specification being high 15 cm, diameter 10 cm; Nursery place: be selected in have a good transport service, nearly planting site, nearly water source, place that physical features is mild, prevention birds and beasts food seed; Nutritive soil preparation: rendzinas, ash, become thoroughly decomposed pig cow and bullock manure, ratio is 7-8:1.5-2.5:0.5; Seedling raise period: spring, summer, autumn all can nursery, but spring, seedling growing in summer must take cool canopy; Dress cup: the Nutrition Soil prepared is filled nutritious bag; Dibbling: every nutritious bag dibbling 2 ~ 3, blinding thickness 0.8-1 cm; Management: after planting must water, keeps ground moistening, and during 15 ~ 20 d, check situation of emerging, and thinning is in time filled the gaps with seedlings, every nutritious bag retains a strain healthy seedling.
4. look seedling growth situation, impose the muck or chemical fertilizer that become thoroughly decomposed in right amount, topdress and should follow a small amount of principle repeatedly, carry out the extermination of disease and insect pest, about 3 months, nursery stock can grow tall 20 more than cm, can go out garden afforestation;
The implantation methods of fertile ox tree according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Shoot breeding will select the raw healthy and strong branch of high yield plant 1 ~ 2 a, carries out cuttage and seedling culture in the annual 1-3 month, long 15 ~ 20 cm of cuttings, reserve 1-2 leaves, upper end clip is waxed, and lower end is whittled into horse ear shape; After 2/3 of cuttings inserts husky bed, compressed, take cool canopy after inserting, and often sprinkle water, keep bed surface moistening.
5. the implantation methods of fertile ox tree according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described extermination of disease and insect pest is not sprayed with chemical agent, can catch and kill statvolt adult in the tree in the morning, also can discharge oophagous trichogrammae in the Adult worms producting eggs phase of containing, utilize natural enemy desinsection.
CN201410516030.8A 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 Method for planting cephalomappa sinensis Pending CN104285749A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410516030.8A CN104285749A (en) 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 Method for planting cephalomappa sinensis

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410516030.8A CN104285749A (en) 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 Method for planting cephalomappa sinensis

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104285749A true CN104285749A (en) 2015-01-21

Family

ID=52305923

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410516030.8A Pending CN104285749A (en) 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 Method for planting cephalomappa sinensis

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104285749A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104855114A (en) * 2015-05-30 2015-08-26 钟静海 Method for planting walnuts and peppers in stony desertification soil
CN107333538A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-11-10 贵港市光速达电子科技有限公司 A kind of organic implantation methods of purple perilla

Non-Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
冯昌林 等: "石灰岩山区值得推广种植的好树种——肥牛树", 《广西林业》 *
史常青 等: "林用保水剂应用技术", 《林业实用技术》 *
陈晖 等: "旱作农业的"微型水库"——土壤保水剂", 《科学种养》 *
黄建华: "广西石灰岩山区肥牛树的用途及其栽培技术", 《中南林业调查规划》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104855114A (en) * 2015-05-30 2015-08-26 钟静海 Method for planting walnuts and peppers in stony desertification soil
CN107333538A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-11-10 贵港市光速达电子科技有限公司 A kind of organic implantation methods of purple perilla

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103960036B (en) A kind of sylvan life natural cultivation method of magnificent Paris polyphylla
CN105453985A (en) Planting method of five-pointed star loquats
CN104813886A (en) Production technology of pollution-free peaches
CN105706824A (en) Live-keeping early high-yield cultivation method for crown pears in northwest arid region
CN103039261A (en) Composite cultivating method of mangnolia officinalis
CN103026875B (en) Method for growing zenia insignis chun in rock desertification regions
CN102077748A (en) Technique and method for off-season cultivating of organic bamboo shoots
CN102265767A (en) Prunus humilis cultivation technology
CN103918459B (en) One seed manure ox tree cuttage breeding method
CN104541917B (en) A kind of method of forest land, hillside improvement high yield interplanting tea oil tree
CN104106354A (en) Cinnamomum bodinieri seedling culturing technique
CN107258300A (en) A kind of green manure and the cultural method of konjaku interplanting
CN104604462A (en) Cultivation method for honeysuckle
CN102783391A (en) Second-time grafting planting method for hawthorn tree in cold region
CN104686156B (en) Interplanting method of selenium-rich tea
CN109526506B (en) Cultivation management method for interplanting Chinese mahonia under walnut forest in stony desertification region
CN107172914A (en) A kind of oriental cherry cultural method of longer blooming period
CN102550261B (en) Method for interplanting Mimosa pudica and Moringa oleifera
CN102428815A (en) Good agriculture practice (GAP) method of Isodon glaucocalyx Kudo
CN104904466A (en) Planting method for herba epimedii
CN104920019A (en) Seed planting method of epimediums
CN108849178B (en) Method for cultivating camellia oleifera
CN104756708B (en) A method of improvement soil joint implant blueberry
CN104686159B (en) A method of planting selenium-rich vegetables and fruits in farmland
CN104686173B (en) A method of joint implant selenium-rich loquat and vegetables in farmland

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20150121