CN103787775B - A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix and its preparation method - Google Patents

A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix and its preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103787775B
CN103787775B CN201410041386.0A CN201410041386A CN103787775B CN 103787775 B CN103787775 B CN 103787775B CN 201410041386 A CN201410041386 A CN 201410041386A CN 103787775 B CN103787775 B CN 103787775B
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China
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eucalyptus
culture matrix
rice husk
growing nursery
bagasse
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CN201410041386.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103787775A (en
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马长河
赵金华
冯锡鸿
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南宁普田润生物有机肥有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 40%��60%, coconut palm chaff 10%��30%, bagasse 10%��30%, cow dung 5%��15%, filter mud 10%��20%, perlite 1%��5%. The present invention is first fermented for some time with rice husk and bagasse, cow dung, filter mud and aerobic fermentation bacterium, mix with coconut palm chaff again and carry out ageing, the better fermentation of rice husk and cow dung is conducive to after adding coconut palm chaff bagasse, it is mixed to get eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix with perlite after ageing, adding rice husk in matrix makes matrix breathe freely, being conducive to the growth of eucalyptus, sapling surviving rate height, the growing way cultivated by the eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix of the present invention are good; The rice husk, coconut palm chaff and the bagasse that utilize are the organic solid castoffs that process for processing produces, and not only solve the process problem of organic solid castoff material, also environmental protection more, reduce production cost simultaneously; Eucalyptus seedling medium preparation technology is simple, easy to operate, suitable to be applied.

Description

A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix and its preparation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural seedling cultivation field, particularly relate to a kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix and its preparation method.
Background technology
Eucalyptus is the big Forestry Engineering of China six, fast-growing, high-yield woods engineering, one of important goods yielding timber plantationsion. It is that south China is extensive, the main reproducting tree species of great development fast-growing, high-yield woods. According to statistics from present, until 2015, seedling demand is more than 1,000,000,000 strains every year on average, and the demand of eucalyptus seedling seed is very big. Along with the development of agrotechnique, seedling medium for replacing soil to carry out nursery, controls nutrient composition content owing to seedling medium is easier than normal soil, more easily accomplishes scale production, be thus used widely gradually in modern agriculture, forestry. Chinese patent 201110065897.2 discloses " a kind of eucalyptus seedling medium and production technique thereof ", the main component of matrix is: coconut shell flour 35��40, peat 25��30, wilkinite 15��20, attapulgite 20��25, water-loss reducer of soil 0.5��0.8, nutritive substance 15��20, composite bacteria 0.2��0.3, and this seedling medium is in block, described composite bacteria is made up of any one or a few in actinomycetes, genus bacillus, Kazakhstan time Trichoderma, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, and described nutritive substance is feces of livestock and poultry. The consumption of peat or higher in this matrix, peat belongs to Nonrenewable resources, especially the main resource of wet land protection, and world's wet land protection pact and the multinational government comprising the Chinese government have prohibited and continued to excavate mud and charcoal.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above problems, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of eucalyptus seedling medium and its preparation method, for improving edatope, for cultivated plant provides nutritive element abundant, comprehensive, the waste produced when simultaneously making full use of processing farm crop, as the main raw material of matrix, makes resource be fully utilized.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 40%��60%, coconut palm chaff 10%��30%, bagasse 10%��30%, cow dung 5%��15%, filter mud 10%��20%, perlite 1%��5%.
Preferably, described eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 50%, coconut palm chaff 20%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 5%, filter mud 10%, perlite 5%.
Preferably, described rice husk is charring rice husk.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) adding bagasse, cow dung and filter mud in rice husk and add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ferment 35��55 days under 60��65 DEG C of conditions, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(2) mix by mixed fermentation thing obtained with step (1) for the coconut palm chaff being down to below 1.0mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 35��55 days under 60��65 DEG C of conditions, is 25��35% to water content, obtains biological base;
(3) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Preferably, between step (1) and (2) fermentation and aging period, stirred once every 4��8 days.
Preferably, described aerobic fermentation bacterium is one or both in VT zymophyte, EM zymophyte, and its consumption is the 0.05��0.1% of rice husk quality.
The useful effect of the present invention:
(1) first ferment for some time with rice husk and bagasse, cow dung, filter mud and aerobic fermentation bacterium, mix with coconut palm chaff again and carry out ageing, the better fermentation of rice husk and cow dung is conducive to after adding bagasse, it is mixed to get eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix with perlite after ageing, adding rice husk in matrix makes matrix breathe freely, being conducive to the growth of eucalyptus, sapling surviving rate height, the growing way cultivated by the eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix of the present invention are good.
(2) rice husk, coconut palm chaff and the bagasse utilized is the organic solid castoff that process for processing produces, and not only solves the process problem of organic solid castoff material, also environmental protection more, reduces production cost simultaneously.
(3) eucalyptus seedling medium preparation technology is simple, easy to operate, suitable applies.
Embodiment
Further describing the present invention referring to embodiment, to make those skilled in the art can implement according to this with reference to specification sheets word, protection domain of the present invention is not limited by embodiments of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 50%, coconut palm chaff 20%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 5%, filter mud 10%, perlite 5%.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix is prepared to produce by proportioning
(2) adding bagasse, cow dung and filter mud in rice husk and add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ferment 45 days under 60 DEG C of conditions, stirred once every 6 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(3) mix by mixed fermentation thing obtained with step (2) for the coconut palm chaff being down to below 0.8mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 40 days under 60 DEG C of conditions, stirred once every 8 days, is 30% to water content, obtains biological base;
(4) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Embodiment 2
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 40%, coconut palm chaff 20%, bagasse 10%%, cow dung 10%, filter mud 18%, perlite 2%.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix is prepared to produce by proportioning
(2) adding bagasse, cow dung and filter mud in rice husk and add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ferment 40 days under 65 DEG C of conditions, stirred once every 6 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(3) mix by mixed fermentation thing obtained with step (2) for the coconut palm chaff being down to below 0.9mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 55 days under 60 DEG C of conditions, stirred once every 4 days, is 35% to water content, obtains biological base;
(4) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Embodiment 3
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 45%, coconut palm chaff 25%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 5%, filter mud 13%, perlite 2%.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix is prepared to produce by proportioning
(2) adding bagasse, cow dung and filter mud in rice husk and add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ferment 50 days under 65 DEG C of conditions, stirred once every 4 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(3) mix by mixed fermentation thing obtained with step (2) for the coconut palm chaff being down to below 0.8mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 50 days under 60 DEG C of conditions, stirred once every 5 days, is 32% to water content, obtains biological base;
(4) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Embodiment 4
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 45%, coconut palm chaff 20%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 10%, filter mud 10%, perlite 5%.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix is prepared to produce by proportioning
(2) adding bagasse, cow dung and filter mud in rice husk and add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ferment 49 days under 65 DEG C of conditions, stirred once every 8 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(3) mix by mixed fermentation thing obtained with step (2) for the coconut palm chaff being down to below 0.9mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 35 days under 65 DEG C of conditions, stirred once every 4 days, is 27% to water content, obtains biological base;
(4) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Embodiment 5
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 55%, coconut palm chaff 10%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 12%, filter mud 10%, perlite 3%.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) raw material of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix is prepared to produce by proportioning
(2) adding bagasse, cow dung and filter mud in rice husk and add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ferment 52 days under 60 DEG C of conditions, stirred once every 7 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(3) mix by mixed fermentation thing obtained with step (2) for the coconut palm chaff being down to below 0.9mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 45 days under 60 DEG C of conditions, stirred once every 6 days, is 30% to water content, obtains biological base;
(4) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Service condition:
Matrix 1, matrix 2, matrix 3, matrix 4, matrix 5 are prepared respectively according to embodiment 1-5.
The eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix of embodiment 1-5 and every physico-chemical parameter of conventional cultivation matrix (containing the peat composed of rotten mosses) and growth indexes (except matrix is different, other cultivation conditions the are completely identical) comparison of eucalyptus seedling cultivated, such as table 1:
The data of table 1 show, the organic content of the eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix of the present invention, saturation moisture capacity (water retention property) are all higher than conventional substrate. And, it may also be useful to the growth indexes of the eucalyptus seedling that the eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix of the present invention is cultivated is close with the eucalyptus growth indexes of conventional substrate, and surviving rate is higher.
Although embodiment of the present invention are open as above, but listed utilization that it is not restricted in specification sheets and enforcement mode, it can be applied to various applicable the field of the invention completely, for those skilled in the art, can easily realize other amendment, therefore claim is not being deviated from and under general concept that equivalency range limits, the present invention is not limited to specific details and illustrates and the embodiment described here.

Claims (4)

1. an eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, it is characterised in that, comprise the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 40%��60%, coconut palm chaff 10%��30%, bagasse 10%��30%, cow dung 5%��15%, filter mud 10%��20%, perlite 1%��5%; The preparation method of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) adding bagasse, cow dung and filter mud in rice husk and add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ferment 35��55 days under 60��65 DEG C of conditions, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(2) mixed fermentation thing obtained with step (1) for the coconut palm chaff being down to below 1.0mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value is mixed, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 35��55 days under 60��65 DEG C of conditions, it is 25��35% to water content, obtains biological base;
(3) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
2. eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, comprise the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 50%, coconut palm chaff 20%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 5%, filter mud 10%, perlite 5%.
3. eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix according to claim 1, it is characterised in that, between step (1) and (2) fermentation and aging period, stirred once every 4��8 days.
4. eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix according to claim 3, it is characterised in that, described aerobic fermentation bacterium is one or both in VT zymophyte, EM zymophyte, and its consumption is the 0.05��0.1% of rice husk quality.
CN201410041386.0A 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix and its preparation method CN103787775B (en)

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