CN103787775A - Eucalyptus seedling growing and cultivation medium and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Eucalyptus seedling growing and cultivation medium and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103787775A
CN103787775A CN201410041386.0A CN201410041386A CN103787775A CN 103787775 A CN103787775 A CN 103787775A CN 201410041386 A CN201410041386 A CN 201410041386A CN 103787775 A CN103787775 A CN 103787775A
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China
Prior art keywords
eucalyptus
bagasse
culture matrix
piled
growing nursery
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CN201410041386.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103787775B (en
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马长河
赵金华
冯锡鸿
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南宁普田润生物有机肥有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides a eucalyptus seedling growing and cultivation medium which comprises the following raw materials in percentage by volume: 40-60% of rice hull, 10-30% of coco peat, 10-30% of bagasse, 5-15% of cow dung, 10-20% of filter mud and 1-5% of perlite. According to the eucalyptus seedling growing and cultivation medium provided by the invention, the rice hull, bagasse, cow dung and filter mud are fermented with aerobic fermentation bacteria for a certain period of time and then mixed with the coco peat for aging; after the coco peat and bagasse are added, the better fermentation of the rice hull and cow dung is facilitated; after aging, the fermented product is mixed with the perlite to obtain the eucalyptus seedling growing and cultivation medium; the rice hull is added into the medium to ventilate the medium and facilitate the growth of eucalyptus; the seedling cultivated by the eucalyptus seedling growing and cultivation medium has a high survival rate and grows well; the rice hull, coco peat and bagasse are organic solid wastes generated by production and processing, the problem in treating the organic solid wastes is solved to realize better environmental protection, and the production cost is reduced at the same time; the eucalyptus seedling growing and cultivation medium is simple to prepare, convenient to operate and suitable for popularization and application.

Description

A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural cultivation cultivation technique field, relate in particular to a kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Eucalyptus is the large Forestry Engineering of China six, fast-growing, high-yield woods engineering, one of important goods Timber stands seeds.That south China is extensive, the Major Tree Species Planted of great development fast-growing, high-yield woods.According to statistics from present, until 2015, every year on average seedling demand more than 1,000,000,000 strains, being in great demand of eucalyptus seedling seed.Along with agrotechnical development, seedling medium for replacing soil to grow seedlings, because seedling medium is more easily controlled nutrient composition content than normal soil, is more easily accomplished scale production, thereby is used widely gradually in modern agriculture, forestry.Chinese patent 201110065897.2 discloses " a kind of eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and production technique thereof ", the main component of matrix is: coconut shell flour 35~40, peat 25~30, wilkinite 15~20, attapulgite 20~25, water-loss reducer of soil 0.5~0.8, nutritive substance 15~20, composite bacteria 0.2~0.3, and it is block that this seedling medium is, described composite bacteria is made up of any one or a few in actinomycetes, genus bacillus, Kazakhstan time Trichoderma, yeast, milk-acid bacteria, vinelandii, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, potassium solubilizing bacteria, and described nutritive substance is feces of livestock and poultry.The consumption of peat or higher in this matrix, peat belongs to Nonrenewable resources, the Main Resources of wet land protection especially, world's wet land protection pact and the multinational government including the Chinese government have prohibited and have continued to excavate peat resource.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above problems, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and preparation method thereof, for improving edatope, for cultivated plant provides abundant, comprehensive nutritive element, the waste producing while simultaneously making full use of processing farm crop, as the main raw material of matrix, is fully utilized resource.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 40%~60%, coconut palm chaff 10%~30%, bagasse 10%~30%, cow dung 5%~15%, filter mud 10%~20%, perlite 1%~5%.
Preferably, described eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 50%, coconut palm chaff 20%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 5%, filter mud 10%, perlite 5%.
Preferably, described rice husk is charring rice husk.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) in rice husk, add bagasse, cow dung and filter mud to add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is 60~65 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 35~55 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(2) the coconut palm chaff of being down to below 1.0mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value is mixed with the mixed fermentation thing that step (1) makes, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 35~55 days under 60~65 ℃ of conditions, to water content be 25~35%, obtain biological base;
(3) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Preferably, between step (1) and (2) fermentation and aging period, stirred once every 4~8 days.
Preferably, described aerobic fermentation bacterium is one or both in VT zymophyte, EM zymophyte, and its consumption is 0.05~0.1% of rice husk quality.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
(1) first with rice husk and bagasse, cow dung, filter mud and aerobic fermentation bacterium fermentation for some time, mix and carry out ageing with coconut palm chaff again, add bagasse to be conducive to the better fermentation of rice husk and cow dung afterwards, after ageing, be mixed to get eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix with perlite, in matrix, add rice husk to make matrix ventilative, be conducive to the growth of eucalyptus, the sapling surviving rate of cultivating by eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix of the present invention is high, growing way good.
(2) rice husk, coconut palm chaff and the bagasse utilizing is the organic solid castoff that process for processing produces, and has not only solved the processing problem of organic solid castoff material, and also environmental protection has more reduced production cost simultaneously.
(3) eucalyptus seedling culture substrate preparation technology is simple, easy to operate, suitable applies.
Embodiment
Further describe the present invention referring to embodiment, to make those skilled in the art can implement according to this with reference to specification sheets word, protection domain of the present invention is not limited by embodiments of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 50%, coconut palm chaff 20%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 5%, filter mud 10%, perlite 5%.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) produce the raw material of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix by proportioning preparation
(2) in rice husk, add bagasse, cow dung and filter mud to add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is 60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 45 days, stirs once every 6 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(3) the coconut palm chaff of being down to below 0.8mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value is mixed with the mixed fermentation thing that step (2) makes, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 40 days under 60 ℃ of conditions, stirred once every 8 days, to water content be 30%, obtain biological base;
(4) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Embodiment 2
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 40%, coconut palm chaff 20%, bagasse 10%%, cow dung 10%, filter mud 18%, perlite 2%.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) produce the raw material of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix by proportioning preparation
(2) in rice husk, add bagasse, cow dung and filter mud to add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is 65 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 40 days, stirs once every 6 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(3) the coconut palm chaff of being down to below 0.9mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value is mixed with the mixed fermentation thing that step (2) makes, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 55 days under 60 ℃ of conditions, stirred once every 4 days, to water content be 35%, obtain biological base;
(4) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Embodiment 3
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 45%, coconut palm chaff 25%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 5%, filter mud 13%, perlite 2%.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) produce the raw material of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix by proportioning preparation
(2) in rice husk, add bagasse, cow dung and filter mud to add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is 65 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 50 days, stirs once every 4 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(3) the coconut palm chaff of being down to below 0.8mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value is mixed with the mixed fermentation thing that step (2) makes, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 50 days under 60 ℃ of conditions, stirred once every 5 days, to water content be 32%, obtain biological base;
(4) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Embodiment 4
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 45%, coconut palm chaff 20%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 10%, filter mud 10%, perlite 5%.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) produce the raw material of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix by proportioning preparation
(2) in rice husk, add bagasse, cow dung and filter mud to add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is 65 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 49 days, stirs once every 8 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(3) the coconut palm chaff of being down to below 0.9mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value is mixed with the mixed fermentation thing that step (2) makes, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 35 days under 65 ℃ of conditions, stirred once every 4 days, to water content be 27%, obtain biological base;
(4) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Embodiment 5
A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 55%, coconut palm chaff 10%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 12%, filter mud 10%, perlite 3%.
A preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, comprises the following steps:
(1) produce the raw material of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix by proportioning preparation
(2) in rice husk, add bagasse, cow dung and filter mud to add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is 60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 52 days, stirs once every 7 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(3) the coconut palm chaff of being down to below 0.9mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value is mixed with the mixed fermentation thing that step (2) makes, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 45 days under 60 ℃ of conditions, stirred once every 6 days, to water content be 30%, obtain biological base;
(4) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
Service condition:
Matrix 1, matrix 2, matrix 3, matrix 4, matrix 5 are prepared respectively according to embodiment 1-5.
Growth indexes (except matrix is different, other cultivation conditions the are identical) contrast of every physico-chemical parameter of the eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix of embodiment 1-5 and conventional cultivation matrix (containing the peat composed of rotten mosses) and the Eucalyptus Seedlings of cultivating, as table 1:
The data of table 1 show, the organic content of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix of the present invention, saturation moisture capacity (water retention property) are all higher than conventional substrate.And the growth indexes of Eucalyptus Seedlings that uses eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix of the present invention to cultivate is close with the Eucalyptus index of conventional substrate, surviving rate is higher.
Although embodiment of the present invention are open as above, but it is not restricted to listed utilization in specification sheets and embodiment, it can be applied to various applicable the field of the invention completely, for those skilled in the art, can easily realize other modification, therefore do not deviating under the universal that claim and equivalency range limit, the present invention is not limited to specific details and illustrates here and the embodiment describing.

Claims (5)

1. an eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, is characterized in that, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 40%~60%, coconut palm chaff 10%~30%, bagasse 10%~30%, cow dung 5%~15%, filter mud 10%~20%, perlite 1%~5%.
2. eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises the raw material of following volume percent: rice husk 50%, coconut palm chaff 20%, bagasse 10%, cow dung 5%, filter mud 10%, perlite 5%.
3. a preparation method for eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) in rice husk, add bagasse, cow dung and filter mud to add aerobic fermentation bacterium, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is 60~65 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 35~55 days, obtains mixed fermentation thing;
(2) the coconut palm chaff of being down to below 1.0mS/cm through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value is mixed with the mixed fermentation thing that step (1) makes, bar is piled up neatly formula or piled up greatly temperature is ageing 35~55 days under 60~65 ℃ of conditions, to water content be 25~35%, obtain biological base;
(3) biological base and perlite are mixed mutually, obtain eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix.
4. the preparation method of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix according to claim 3, is characterized in that, between step (1) and (2) fermentation and aging period, stirs once every 4~8 days.
5. the preparation method of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described aerobic fermentation bacterium is one or both in VT zymophyte, EM zymophyte, and its consumption is 0.05~0.1% of rice husk quality.
CN201410041386.0A 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 A kind of eucalyptus growing nursery and culture matrix and its preparation method CN103787775B (en)

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CN104072313A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-10-01 明光和中工业工程安装有限公司 Organic fertilizer for forestry greening and preparation method thereof
CN105110924A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-02 南宁三达奥克化学有限责任公司 Watermelon cultivation substrate and preparation method therefor
CN105110925A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-02 南宁三达奥克化学有限责任公司 Strawberry cultivation matrix and preparation method therefor
CN105110923A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-02 南宁三达奥克化学有限责任公司 Tomato cultivation substrate and preparation method therefor
CN105294253A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-02-03 湖南农业大学 Rice seedling raising base material prepared through sugar-based filter mud and biochar and application of rice seedling raising base material
CN105819931A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-08-03 阮积恩 Red grape temporary planting substrate and preparation method thereof
CN106045732A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-10-26 安庆市宝风农业发展有限公司 Hypericum monogynum l seedling cultivation substrate and preparation method thereof
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CN106256188A (en) * 2016-08-13 2016-12-28 安庆市老杨埠农业科技有限公司 A kind of beech tree growing nursery and culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN106278736A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-04 安庆市宝风农业发展有限公司 A kind of golden larch growing nursery and culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN106278631A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-04 安庆市宝风农业发展有限公司 A kind of Flos micheliae Albae growing nursery and culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN106258589A (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-01-04 安庆市龙泉生态农林开发有限公司 A kind of emblic subtree growing nursery and culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN106305381A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-11 安庆市宝风农业发展有限公司 Chinese ash seedling cultivation substrate and preparation method thereof
CN106342580A (en) * 2016-08-14 2017-01-25 安庆市老杨埠农业科技有限公司 Seedling raising and planting medium of Osmanthus fragrans and the preparation method thereof
CN106342666A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-25 安庆市宝风农业发展有限公司 Seedling culture medium for Sinojackia xylocarpa Hu and preparation method thereof
CN106365708A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-01 杨晓文 Cucurbit-and-vegetable seedling culturing substrate based on wormcast and preparing method thereof
CN106478190A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-03-08 中国热带农业科学院南亚热带作物研究所 A kind of Fructus Solani melongenae soilless raising seedling substrate and preparation method thereof
CN106605587A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-05-03 广西金地旺农业有限公司 Tomato soilless culture substrate and preparation method thereof
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CN106718264A (en) * 2016-11-26 2017-05-31 防城港市林木良种繁育中心苗圃 A kind of eucalyptus seedling culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN107155842A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-15 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A kind of lawn soilless planting matrix and preparation method thereof
CN110169333A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-08-27 江门市城市绿苑科技有限公司 A kind of cultivated crop organic substrate and preparation method thereof
CN110934054A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-03-31 济宁香平生物科技有限公司 Special tobacco seedling culture substrate and preparation method thereof

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CN105110924A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-02 南宁三达奥克化学有限责任公司 Watermelon cultivation substrate and preparation method therefor
CN105110925A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-12-02 南宁三达奥克化学有限责任公司 Strawberry cultivation matrix and preparation method therefor
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CN110934054A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-03-31 济宁香平生物科技有限公司 Special tobacco seedling culture substrate and preparation method thereof

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