CN103242065B - Double-mushroom-residue full organic cultivation medium - Google Patents

Double-mushroom-residue full organic cultivation medium Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103242065B
CN103242065B CN201310194521.0A CN201310194521A CN103242065B CN 103242065 B CN103242065 B CN 103242065B CN 201310194521 A CN201310194521 A CN 201310194521A CN 103242065 B CN103242065 B CN 103242065B
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mushroom slag
mushroom
parts
cultivation medium
fermentation
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CN103242065A (en
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冯锡鸿
韩道杰
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Jining Luqing Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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SHANDONG SHANGDAO BIOTECH CO Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to a double-mushroom-residue full organic cultivation medium for uncultivated-area vegetables and potted vegetables, and belongs to an agricultural production technique range. The double-mushroom-residue full organic cultivation medium disclosed by the invention contains two types of mushroom residues and abundant beneficial strains, and is prepared from needle mushroom residues, agaricus bisporus residues, coco coir and turf according to a certain ratio. The double-mushroom-residue full organic cultivation medium does not contain inorganic substances including vermiculite, perlite or slag and does not have the problems of difficulty in degradation and pollution to the environment. The needle mushroom residues and the agaricus bisporus residues are matched to overcome a series of problems caused by singly using the needle mushroom residues to prepare the medium; and the prepared medium is strong in water-retaining property, abundant in beneficial strains and less in infectious microbe content.

Description

Two mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of two mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium for bare place vegetables and Vegetable, belong to agriculture production technology scope.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of chemical industry, in Vegetable produce, nitrate and the agricultural chemicals problem such as to exceed standard is more and more serious, and vegetables commodity lose original natural taste, and food-safety problem receives the concern of society.The above Vegetable produce base of existing scale needs triennium transition period high in cost of production feature be difficult to big area development and promote because it converts organic vegetable planting base to.Nearly 2 years, utilize bare place and Vegetable to become minority and become, bare place and basin culturing vegetable can avoid the fertilizer and pesticide that accumulates in soil to pollute, and people can be allowed again to realize the enjoyment in rural area after work.
Coconut palm chaff is cocoanut husk fiber dust, is the organic medium of a kind of pure natural under coming off from cocoanut husk fiber process.Mushroom slag is the solid waste material of mushroom industry, the meta-bolites wherein containing edible mushrooms: comprise carbohydrate, organic acid, enzyme and biologically active substance, the microflora of substantial amounts and residual mycelium, have the potentiality of ecological use.But there is larger difference in the microflora contained by different types of mushroom slag and physico-chemical parameter (humidity, viscosity, carbon-nitrogen ratio, particle diameter).
There is the report about mushroom slag or coconut palm chaff being used for cultivation matrix at present.Such as, Chinese patent CN102531753A discloses a kind of matrix being main raw material with needle mushroom slag, cow dung and slag; But this matrix is only containing this kind of mushroom slag of needle mushroom slag and containing slag.Needle mushroom slag particle footpath is large, dry and comfortable, humidity is low, carbon-nitrogen ratio is high, thus causes the matrix of described preparation to there is poor water retention property and the problem that probiotics is few, miscellaneous bacteria content is high.Slag belongs to inorganics, and frangible, is the mineral substance of difficult degradation, and during second stage employ, its permeability reduces by more than 50%, and the respiratory system of its dust to people has detrimental effect, is unfavorable for environmental safety.
Also do not adopt two kinds of mushroom slags at present with the use of preparation not containing the relevant report of the full stress-strain matrix of inorganic components.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide and a kind ofly contain the abundant two mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium of two kinds of mushroom slags, probiotics.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention:
A kind of two mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium, is prepared from by the raw material of following parts by volume: needle mushroom slag 15 ~ 30 parts, bisporous mushroom slag 15 ~ 30 parts, coconut palm chaff 15 ~ 30 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 20 ~ 40 parts.Preferably, the volume ratio of needle mushroom slag and bisporous mushroom slag is 1:0.8-1.25; Be more preferably 1:1.
Above-mentioned pair of mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium, preferably, needle mushroom slag 30 parts, bisporous mushroom slag 30 parts, coconut palm chaff 20 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 20 parts.
A kind of preparation method of above-mentioned pair of mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium:
(1) by after bisporous mushroom slag and the mixing of needle mushroom slag, carbon-nitrogen rate is adjusted to 25 ~ 30:1, adds aerobic fermentation bacterium; Bar buttress formula or raft fermentation, become evenly in the fluffy dry and comfortable material of brown and carbon-nitrogen ratio is down to 15 ~ 17:1 to fermented product; Obtain two mushroom slag fermentation thing;
(2) spray Antagonistic Fungi after mix with two mushroom slag fermentation thing by the coconut palm Kang being down to less than 0.1 through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value, bar piles up neatly formula or raft ageing 20 to 40 days, to water content 20-30%; Obtain biological base;
(3) biological base and the peat composed of rotten mosses are mixed in proportion, obtain all organic cultivation medium.
In step (1), feces of livestock and poultry, stalk or sucrose is adopted to regulate carbon-nitrogen ratio.
Between the fermentation of step (1) and (2) or aging period, within 5 to 7 days, stir once, the sudden and violent gas of ventilation oxygenation is no less than 3 times.
Described zymophyte is the one in VT-aerobic fermentation bacterium such as aerobic fermentation bacterium, EM zymophyte, and its consumption is the 0.05-0.2% of bisporous mushroom slag and needle mushroom slag total mass.
Described Antagonistic Fungi is blight Antagonistic Fungi, downy mildew of cucurbits Antagonistic Fungi or plant rhizosphere growth-promoting bacterium (PGPR), and its consumption is the 0.1-0.5% of coconut palm Kang and two mixed quality of material of mushroom slag fermentation thing.
beneficial effect
1. needle mushroom slag and two mushroom slag with the use of, overcome and be used alone needle mushroom slag and prepare the series of problems that matrix exists; Prepared matrix water-retentivity is strong and probiotics is abundant, miscellaneous bacteria content is few;
2., there is not the problem of difficult degradation, contaminate environment in the inorganic substance not containing vermiculite, perlite or slag;
3. do not use chemical fertilizer, the equal degradable of various organic substance; Not only can not cause soil compaction problem but also can edatope be improved;
4. various organic substance is composite, can provide abundant, comprehensive nutritive element for plant-growth; The balcony dish growing way cultivated is good, nutritive value is higher;
5. the mushroom slag in raw material, coconut palm chaff are organic solid castoff material, and therefore, the present invention not only solves process problem, the more environmental protection of organic solid castoff material; And work the production cost reducing matrix.
embodiment:
embodiment 1-10
raw material: adopted mushroom and just gone out two mushroom slags that the bisporous mushroom slag of mushroom house and needle mushroom slag (same batch) form, is down to the coconut palm Kang of 0.09 through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value; Its parts by volume is as table 1:
Table 1
Two mushroom slag Coconut palm chaff The peat composed of rotten mosses Needle mushroom slag/bisporous mushroom slag
Embodiment 1 40 parts 30 parts 30 parts 1:1
Embodiment 2 40 parts 25 parts 35 parts 1:1
Embodiment 3 40 parts 20 parts 40 parts 1:1
Embodiment 4 50 parts 20 parts 30 parts 1:1
Embodiment 5 50 parts 30 parts 20 parts 1:1
Embodiment 6 60 parts 20 parts 20 parts 1:1
Embodiment 7 55 parts 20 parts 25 parts 1:1
Embodiment 8 60 parts 20 parts 20 parts 0.8:1
Embodiment 9 60 parts 20 parts 20 parts 0.95:1
Embodiment 10 60 parts 20 parts 20 parts 1.25:1
operation steps:
(1) get the two mushroom slags mixed in the ratio of table 1, adjustment carbon-nitrogen rate is to 25 ~ 30:1; Add VT-aerobic fermentation bacterium (VT-aerobic fermentation bacterium is 1:1000 with the mass ratio of two mushroom slag), after mixing, raft fermentation or bar pile up neatly formula technique 20 ~ 40 days, 5 to 7 days periods turned over the once sudden and violent gas of ventilation oxygenation and are no less than 3 times, became evenly in the fluffy dry and comfortable material of brown and carbon-nitrogen ratio is down to 15 ~ 17:1 to fermented product; Obtain two mushroom slag fermentation thing;
(2) the coconut palm Kang being down to 0.09 through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value is mixed with two mushroom slag fermentation thing, then plant rhizosphere growth-promoting bacterium (PGPR) is sprayed according to the mass ratio of 1000:3, bar buttress formula or raft ageing 20 to 40 days, period can stir 1 to 2 time, is dried to water content 20%; Obtain biological base;
(3) biological base, tobacco leaf powder are mixed with the ratio of the peat composed of rotten mosses in table 1, obtain all organic cultivation medium.
Prepare raw material according to the ratio of table 1, operate according to above-mentioned steps, embodiment 1-10 has prepared matrix 1, matrix 2, matrix 3, matrix 4, matrix 5, matrix 6, matrix 7, matrix 8, matrix 9, matrix 10 respectively.
Every physico-chemical parameter of all organic cultivation medium of embodiment 1 ~ 10 and single mushroom slag matrix (needle mushroom volume: peat composed of rotten mosses volume: coconut palm chaff volume=3:1:1) and the growth indexes of tomato of cultivating are (except matrix is different, other cultivation conditions are identical), as table 2;
Table 2
Matrix 1 Matrix 2 Matrix 3 Matrix 4 Matrix 5 Matrix 6 Matrix 7 Matrix 8 Matrix 9 Matrix 10 Single mushroom slag matrix
PH value 6.6 6.8 6.5 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.6 6.2
Organic content (%) 36.1 34.7 34.9 36.3 36.7 35.1 35.9 34.9 34.2 35.5 33.6
Unit weight g/cm 3 0.34 0.34 0.35 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.38 0.37 0.36 0.37 0.43
Probiotics hundred million/g 3.65 3.71 3.63 3.72 3.81 3.67 3.67 3.68 3.76 3.71 3.36
Saturation moisture capacity (%) 24.6 25.4 24.7 26.3 24.5 24.4 24.6 24.4 25.4 26.3 22.7
Shoot survival percent (%) 97.1 96.9 98.5 97.8 97.5 97.4 97.7 97.8 97.6 97.9 94.9
Seedling-growing time (my god) 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.7
Plant height (cm) 18.8 18.7 18.6 18.9 18.7 18.9 18.7 18.6 19.0 18.9 16.7
Stem thick (cm) 2.737 2.742 2.716 2.774 2.8319 2.846 2.792 2.797 2.832 2.798 2.259
Leaf area 111 113 110 112 113 116 114 113 112 114 105
。The data of table 2 show, the saturation moisture capacity (water retention property) of all organic cultivation medium of the present invention, probiotics content are all higher than single mushroom slag matrix.And the growth indexes of the tomato using of the present invention pair of mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium to cultivate is higher than the growth indexes of the tomato using single mushroom slag matrix.

Claims (4)

1. a two mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium, is characterized in that, be prepared from by the raw material of following parts by volume: needle mushroom slag 30 parts, bisporous mushroom slag 30 parts, coconut palm chaff 20 parts, the peat composed of rotten mosses 20 parts;
Its preparation method is:
(1) by after bisporous mushroom slag and the mixing of needle mushroom slag, carbon-nitrogen rate is adjusted to 25 ~ 30:1, adds aerobic fermentation bacterium; Bar buttress formula or raft fermentation, become evenly in the fluffy dry and comfortable material of brown and carbon-nitrogen ratio is down to 15 ~ 17:1 to fermented product; Obtain two mushroom slag fermentation thing;
(2) spray Antagonistic Fungi after mix with two mushroom slag fermentation thing by the coconut palm Kang being down to less than 0.1 through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value, bar piles up neatly formula or raft ageing 20 to 40 days, to water content 20-30%; Obtain biological base;
(3) biological base and the peat composed of rotten mosses are mixed in proportion, obtain two mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium;
In step (1), feces of livestock and poultry, stalk or sucrose is adopted to regulate carbon-nitrogen ratio;
Between the fermentation of step (1) and (2) or aging period, within 5 to 7 days, stir once, the sudden and violent gas of ventilation oxygenation is no less than 3 times.
2. a preparation method for according to claim 1 pair of mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium, is characterized in that:
(1) by after bisporous mushroom slag and the mixing of needle mushroom slag, carbon-nitrogen rate is adjusted to 25 ~ 30:1, adds aerobic fermentation bacterium; Bar buttress formula or raft fermentation, become evenly in the fluffy dry and comfortable material of brown and carbon-nitrogen ratio is down to 15 ~ 17:1 to fermented product; Obtain two mushroom slag fermentation thing;
(2) spray Antagonistic Fungi after mix with two mushroom slag fermentation thing by the coconut palm Kang being down to less than 0.1 through the desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching, EC value, bar piles up neatly formula or raft ageing 20 to 40 days, to water content 20-30%; Obtain biological base;
(3) biological base and the peat composed of rotten mosses are mixed in proportion, obtain two mushroom slag all organic cultivation medium.
3. preparation method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described aerobic fermentation bacterium is VT-aerobic fermentation bacterium or EM zymophyte, and its consumption is the 0.05-0.2% of bisporous mushroom slag and needle mushroom slag total mass.
4. preparation method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described Antagonistic Fungi is blight Antagonistic Fungi, downy mildew of cucurbits Antagonistic Fungi or plant rhizosphere growth-promoting bacterium, and its consumption is the 0.1-0.5% of coconut palm Kang and two mixed quality of material of mushroom slag fermentation thing.
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CN105191763A (en) * 2014-06-24 2015-12-30 上海多利农业发展有限公司 Vegetable organic soil-less culture method, culture medium and manufacturing method thereof
CN104285772B (en) * 2014-10-30 2017-03-22 白山市人参及特色产业管理中心 Cultivating substrate and preparation method thereof and ginseng planting method
CN105367234A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-03-02 山东商道生物科技有限公司 Cultivation and seedling growing matrix for melons and vegetables
CN105409639A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-23 哈尔滨师范大学 Composite substrate comprising mushroom bran waste and used for culturing watermelon and muskmelon seedlings and preparation method therefor
CN105830801A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-08-10 山东商道生物科技有限公司 Mixed resin cultivating and seedling-raising medium
CN109197512A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-01-15 四川鹤岛农业科技有限公司 A kind of organic culture substrate and preparation method thereof

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Effective date of registration: 20190211

Address after: 273503 Dahuang Village, Xiangcheng Town, Zoucheng City, Jining City, Shandong Province

Patentee after: Jining Luqing Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 250022 Fourth Middle Road, Ping'an Street Office, Changqing District, Jinan City, Shandong Province

Patentee before: Shandong Shangdao Biotech Co., Ltd.