CN104446757B - A kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN104446757B
CN104446757B CN201410630364.8A CN201410630364A CN104446757B CN 104446757 B CN104446757 B CN 104446757B CN 201410630364 A CN201410630364 A CN 201410630364A CN 104446757 B CN104446757 B CN 104446757B
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wood flour
fermentation
ground mass
light ground
wood
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CN104446757A (en
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邓本坤
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Hunan green spring Forestry Technology Co., Ltd.
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LANSHAN COUNTY YUCONG FORESTRY Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

A kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour, including fermentation wood flour, carbonization rice husk and calcium superphosphate, the weight part ratio of described fermentation wood flour, carbonization rice husk and calcium superphosphate is 20 ~ 49.5:30 ~ 50:0.2 ~ 0.8;Described fermentation wood flour is prepared by anaerobic fermentation.The raw material sources of the light ground mass of the present invention are wide, with low cost, and raw material contains abundant organic matter, and aeration is good;Its processing technology is simple, low cost;And the survival rate being used for forest seedling growth is up to more than 95%, planting percent is up to more than 90%.The invention also discloses the preparation method of this light ground mass.

Description

A kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of light ground mass, especially relate to a kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour and preparation side thereof Method.
Background technology
CN 101960980 B discloses a kind of roof greening light ground mass material utilizing agriculture and industry waste, its feature Being, be main configuration light roof greening planting matrix with agriculture and industry waste, substrate is a kind of mixture, its main material For flyash, cinder, straw grain, garden waste and yellow soil, material mixture ratio: flyash 11~20 %, cinder 10~22%, Straw grain 20~25%, garden waste 20~32% and yellow soil 18~20%.The light ground mass material garden waste of this invention Raw material sources are little, and need to add fermenting agent when fermentation process, but do not have high-temperature process just for light ground mass after fermentation Preparation, it is impossible to avoid in fermenting agent the balance of self microorganism of microbiological effect forest of residual.
CN 101889532 B discloses a kind of light seedling raising medium and manufacture method thereof, and main component includes biomass electricity Factory's ash, the peat composed of rotten mosses, fertilizer, rice husk, straw and frog stone, by dispensing mass percent be: Power Plant Ash 10~60%, the peat composed of rotten mosses 0~30%, Fertilizer 0~30%, rice husk or straw 0~30%, frog stone 5~20%.As radix after mixing with group material charging, every kilogram is added 5~10 Gram carbamide or compound fertilizer.Although the light seedling raising medium of this invention selects biomass power plant ash cost ratio relatively low, but its source Few, and need to be modified processing, it is not easy to industrialized production application.
CN 103999751 A discloses a kind of by tree net-bag seedling container light substrate, holds including by tree tissue cultured seedling mesh bag Device Light media and press tree cuttage seedling material mesh bag container Light media, wherein, by tree tissue cultured seedling material mesh bag container Light media, by volume percentage ratio Meter, its every cubic metre substrate is composed of the following components: peat soil 25 ~ 35%;Carbonization rice husk 25 ~ 35%;Coconut palm bran 35 ~ 45 %;By tree Cutting seedling material mesh bag container Light media, by volume percentages, its every cubic metre substrate is composed of the following components: peat soil 25 ~ 35%;Carbonization rice husk 35 ~ 45%;Coconut palm bran 25 ~ 35%.The production cost by tree net-bag seedling container light substrate of this invention is high, and It is the growth characteristics preparation according to Eucalyptus, narrow application range.
CN 1224313C discloses a kind of with New Roof that obsolete material is main configuration light roof greening planting matrix Afforesting matrix formula by peat soil, wood sawdust, coconut palm bran, perlite, haydite, yellow soil, long-acting composite slow-release fertilizer, water-retaining agent by than Example forms.It is higher that the peat soil of matrix formulations employing of this invention, perlite, haydite etc. are compared to waste materials price, The production cost causing substrate is higher.It addition, peat is non-renewable resources, source is restricted.
CN 102173929 B discloses a kind of light substrate for seedling in wood non-woven fabric container, it is characterised in that: it is by base Matter material of main part, fertilizer, pasteurization material, pH regulator material and water-retaining agent composition, wherein, matrix body material is by following heavy The raw material composition of amount part: 20 ~ 30 parts of peat, papermaking straw pulp garbage fermentation material 30 ~ 40 parts, wood pulp papermaking garbage fermentation material 10 ~ 15 parts, perlite 15 ~ 30 parts, Vermiculitum 5 ~ 10 parts;Fertilizer includes carbamide, calcium superphosphate, potassium chloride and Controlled Release Fertilizer, with substrate The weight of material of main part is S meter, and consumption is as follows: the carbamide of 0. 05 ~ 0. 1%S, the calcium superphosphate of 0. 3 ~ 0. 5%S, 0. The potassium chloride of 03 ~ 0. 05%S, the Controlled Release Fertilizer of 0. 2 ~ 0. 5%S;The addition of pasteurization material is 0. 08 ~ the 0. 12% of S;pH Addition is S 0. 3 ~ the 0. 5% of regulation material;The addition of water-retaining agent is 0. 2 ~ the 0. 3% of S.The forest of this invention without The material of main part spinning cloth container nursery light ground mass includes papermaking straw pulp garbage fermentation material and wood pulp papermaking garbage fermentation material, The fermentation process complex process of both materials, and need to add decomposing microbial inoculum, the cost causing light ground mass is high, and is being used for During forest seedling growth, the microbes in decomposing microbial inoculum affects the balance of forest self microorganism.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of survival rate of seedling is high, preparation Simple and the light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour of low cost, carries out anaerobic fermentation process wood by the most additionally adding microbial bacterial agent Bits, light ground mass will not destroy the balance of forest self microorganism system.
The present invention to solve the technical problem that further: provides a kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour simple to operate Preparation method.
The present invention solves the technical scheme of its technical problem employing: a kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour, including sending out Ferment wood flour, carbonization rice husk and calcium superphosphate, the weight part ratio of described fermentation wood flour, carbonization rice husk and calcium superphosphate is 20 ~ 49.5 : 30 ~ 50:0.2 ~ 0.8;
The preparation process of described fermentation wood flour is as follows:
1) by compoiste fertilizer: carbamide: water is with the weight ratio wiring solution-forming of 1:10 ~ 30:1000 ~ 1500;
2) solution in step 1) is divided 2 ~ 4 times uniformly it is sprinkled in wood flour, and wood flour is extruded in heaps, thermometer is inserted In wood flour heap, then carry out anaerobic fermentation with diaphragm seal;
3) until step 2) in the wood flour stack temperature that processes of anaerobic fermentation when reaching 58 ~ 62 DEG C, carry out scarifying wood flour heap and spread Entering the solution that step 1) prepares makes the water content of wood flour reach 55 ~ 60%, then, extrudes continuation anaerobic fermentation in heaps;
4) when the wood flour stack temperature that anaerobic fermentation processes in step 3) reaches 45 ~ 50 DEG C, scarifying wood flour heap again, then Extrude and in heaps carry out anaerobic fermentation, when fermenting between reach more than 45 days, and fermentation wood flour is soft and high resilience, brown Time, terminate anaerobic fermentation;
5) by 4) moisture that is dried at 60 ~ 80 DEG C to fermentation wood flour of wood flour after fermentation process is less than 20%, it is simple to protect Deposit.
Further, the described light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour also includes that peat and/or plant ash, the content of described peat are 10 ~ 50 weight portions, the content of described plant ash is 5 ~ 20 parts.
Further, the described light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour, by 40 ~ 49.5 parts of fermentation wood flours, 45 ~ 50 parts of carbonization rice husks and 0.4 ~ 0.6 part of calcium superphosphate composition.
Further, the described light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour, by 49.5 parts of fermentation wood flours, 50 parts of carbonization rice husks and 0.5 part Calcium superphosphate forms.
Further, the consumption of described solution is 1.0 ~ 3.0%V/V of wood flour.
Further, described fermentation time is 45 ~ 60 days.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem used further: a kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour Preparation method, comprise the following steps:
(1) pretreatment of raw material;
(2) raw material is mixed by formula proportion, then the humidity of raw material is adjusted to 50 ~ 55%;
(3) light ground mass filling and sterilization: the mixed-matrix prepared is utilized Light media mesh bag maker and half degraded The special non-woven fiber material fill of property, makes the material mesh bag container that bore is 3.0 ~ 4.5cm, then material mesh bag container is put into 0.15% Soak in potassium permanganate solution and carry out disinfection for 10 ~ 12 hours, then mesh bag is cut into the segment container section of 10 ~ 15cm length.
Further, described pretreatment of raw material includes preparation and the preparation of carbonization rice husk, the described fermentation wood flour of fermentation wood flour Preparation comprise the following steps:
1) by compoiste fertilizer: carbamide: water is with the weight ratio wiring solution-forming of 1:10 ~ 30:1000 ~ 1500;
2) solution in step 1) is divided 2 ~ 4 times uniformly it is sprinkled in wood flour, and wood flour is extruded in heaps, thermometer is inserted In wood flour heap, then carry out anaerobic fermentation with diaphragm seal;
3) until step 2) in the wood flour stack temperature that processes of anaerobic fermentation when reaching 58 ~ 62 DEG C, carry out scarifying wood flour heap and spread Entering the solution that step 1) prepares makes the water content of wood flour reach 55 ~ 60%, then, extrudes continuation anaerobic fermentation in heaps;
4) when the wood flour stack temperature that anaerobic fermentation processes in step 3) reaches 45 ~ 50 DEG C, scarifying wood flour heap again, then Extrude and in heaps carry out anaerobic fermentation, when fermenting between reach more than 45 days, and fermentation wood flour is soft and high resilience, brown Time, terminate anaerobic fermentation;
5) by 4) moisture that is dried at 60 ~ 80 DEG C to fermentation wood flour of wood flour after fermentation process is less than 20%, it is simple to protect Deposit;
The preparation of described carbonization rice husk is smouldered by dying fire and its carbonization is obtained.
A kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour of the present invention, using fermentation wood flour and carbonization rice husk is primary raw material, former Material source is wide, with low cost, and raw material contains abundant organic matter, and aeration is good;The processing technology of this light ground mass is simple, Low cost, and it is up to more than 95% for the survival rate of forest seedling growth, planting percent is up to more than 90%.
A kind of preparation method of the light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour of the present invention, simple to operate, it is simple to industrialized production.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
A kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour of the present embodiment, by 49.5 parts of fermentations wood flour, 50 parts of carbonization rice husks and 0.5 Part calcium superphosphate composition.
The preparation process of described fermentation wood flour is as follows:
1) by compoiste fertilizer: carbamide: water is with the weight ratio wiring solution-forming of 1:20:1000;
2) solution in step 1) is divided 3 times uniformly it is sprinkled in wood flour, and wood flour is extruded in heaps, thermometer is inserted wood In bits heap, then carry out anaerobic fermentation with diaphragm seal;
3) until step 2) in the wood flour stack temperature that processes of anaerobic fermentation when reaching 60 DEG C, carry out scarifying wood flour heap and be sprinkled into wood The solution that the step 1) of the 2.0%V/V of bits prepares makes the water content of wood flour reach 58%, then, extrudes continuation anaerobism in heaps and sends out Ferment;
4), when the wood flour stack temperature that anaerobic fermentation processes in step 3) reaches 45 DEG C, scarifying wood flour heap, then squeezes again Be pressed into heap and carry out anaerobic fermentation, when fermenting between when reaching 50 days, and fermentation wood flour is soft and high resilience, time brown, knot Bundle anaerobic fermentation;
5) by 4) moisture that is dried at 70 DEG C to fermentation wood flour of wood flour after fermentation process is to 15%, it is simple to preserve.
The preparation method of a kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour, comprises the following steps:
(1) pretreatment of raw material: described pretreatment of raw material includes preparation and the preparation of carbonization rice husk of fermentation wood flour, described The preparation of fermentation wood flour comprises the following steps:
1) by compoiste fertilizer: carbamide: water is with the weight ratio wiring solution-forming of 1:20:1000;
2) solution in step 1) is divided 3 times uniformly it is sprinkled in wood flour, and wood flour is extruded in heaps, thermometer is inserted wood In bits heap, then carry out anaerobic fermentation with diaphragm seal;
3) until step 2) in the wood flour stack temperature that processes of anaerobic fermentation when reaching 60 DEG C, carry out scarifying wood flour heap and be sprinkled into wood The solution that the step 1) of the 2.0%V/V of bits prepares makes the water content of wood flour reach 58%, then, extrudes continuation anaerobism in heaps and sends out Ferment;
4), when the wood flour stack temperature that anaerobic fermentation processes in step 3) reaches 45 DEG C, scarifying wood flour heap, then squeezes again Be pressed into heap and carry out anaerobic fermentation, when fermenting between when reaching 50 days, and fermentation wood flour is soft and high resilience, time brown, knot Bundle anaerobic fermentation;
5) by 4) moisture that is dried at 70 DEG C to fermentation wood flour of wood flour after fermentation process is to 15%;
The preparation of described carbonization rice husk is smouldered by dying fire and its carbonization is obtained;
(2) raw material is mixed by formula proportion, then the humidity of raw material is adjusted to 50%;
(3) light ground mass filling and sterilization: the mixed-matrix prepared is utilized Light media mesh bag maker and half degraded The special non-woven fiber material fill of property, makes the material mesh bag container that bore is 3. 5cm, then material mesh bag container is put into 0.15% Gao Meng Soak in acid potassium solution and carry out disinfection for 12 hours, then mesh bag is cut into the segment container section of 10cm length.
Embodiment 2
A kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour of the present embodiment, by 40 parts of fermentation wood flours, 50 parts of carbonization rice husks, 9.5 parts Plant ash and 0.5 part of calcium superphosphate composition.
The preparation process of described fermentation wood flour is as follows:
1) by compoiste fertilizer: carbamide: water is with the weight ratio wiring solution-forming of 1:15:1200;
2) solution in step 1) is divided 2 times uniformly it is sprinkled in wood flour, and wood flour is extruded in heaps, thermometer is inserted wood In bits heap, then carry out anaerobic fermentation with diaphragm seal;
3) until step 2) in the wood flour stack temperature that processes of anaerobic fermentation when reaching 62 DEG C, carry out scarifying wood flour heap and be sprinkled into wood The solution that the step 1) of the 3.0%V/V of bits prepares makes the water content of wood flour reach 60%, then, extrudes continuation anaerobism in heaps and sends out Ferment;
4), when the wood flour stack temperature that anaerobic fermentation processes in step 3) reaches 48 DEG C, scarifying wood flour heap, then squeezes again Be pressed into heap and carry out anaerobic fermentation, when fermenting between when reaching 45 days, and fermentation wood flour is soft and high resilience, time brown, knot Bundle anaerobic fermentation;
5) by 4) moisture that is dried at 60 DEG C to fermentation wood flour of wood flour after fermentation process is to 18%, it is simple to preserve.
The preparation method of a kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour, comprises the following steps:
(1) pretreatment of raw material: described pretreatment of raw material includes preparation and the preparation of carbonization rice husk of fermentation wood flour, described The preparation of fermentation wood flour comprises the following steps:
1) by compoiste fertilizer: carbamide: water is with the weight ratio wiring solution-forming of 1:15:1200;
2) solution in step 1) is divided 2 times uniformly it is sprinkled in wood flour, and wood flour is extruded in heaps, thermometer is inserted wood In bits heap, then carry out anaerobic fermentation with diaphragm seal;
3) until step 2) in the wood flour stack temperature that processes of anaerobic fermentation when reaching 62 DEG C, carry out scarifying wood flour heap and be sprinkled into wood The solution that the step 1) of the 3.0%V/V of bits prepares makes the water content of wood flour reach 60%, then, extrudes continuation anaerobism in heaps and sends out Ferment;
4), when the wood flour stack temperature that anaerobic fermentation processes in step 3) reaches 50 DEG C, scarifying wood flour heap, then squeezes again Be pressed into heap and carry out anaerobic fermentation, when fermenting between when reaching 48 days, and fermentation wood flour is soft and high resilience, time brown, knot Bundle anaerobic fermentation;
5) by 4) moisture that is dried at 60 DEG C to fermentation wood flour of wood flour after fermentation process is to 18%;
The preparation of described carbonization rice husk is smouldered by dying fire and its carbonization is obtained;
(2) raw material is mixed by formula proportion, then the humidity of raw material is adjusted to 52%;
(3) light ground mass filling and sterilization: the mixed-matrix prepared is utilized Light media mesh bag maker and half degraded The special non-woven fiber material fill of property, makes the material mesh bag container that bore is 3.0cm, then material mesh bag container is put into 0.15% Gao Meng Soak in acid potassium solution and carry out disinfection for 10 hours, then mesh bag is cut into the segment container section of 15cm length.
Embodiment 3
A kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour of the present embodiment, by 20 parts of fermentation wood flours, 40 parts of carbonization rice husks, 19.5 parts Peat, 20 parts of plant ash and 0.5 part of calcium superphosphate composition.
The preparation process of described fermentation wood flour is as follows:
1) by compoiste fertilizer: carbamide: water is with the weight ratio wiring solution-forming of 1:30:1500;
2) solution in step 1) is divided 2 times uniformly it is sprinkled in wood flour, and wood flour is extruded in heaps, thermometer is inserted wood In bits heap, then carry out anaerobic fermentation with diaphragm seal;
3) until step 2) in the wood flour stack temperature that processes of anaerobic fermentation when reaching 58 DEG C, carry out scarifying wood flour heap and be sprinkled into wood The solution that the step 1) of the 1.0%V/V of bits prepares makes the water content of wood flour reach 55%, then, extrudes continuation anaerobism in heaps and sends out Ferment;
4), when the wood flour stack temperature that anaerobic fermentation processes in step 3) reaches 45 DEG C, scarifying wood flour heap, then squeezes again Be pressed into heap and carry out anaerobic fermentation, when fermenting between when reaching 60 days, and fermentation wood flour is soft and high resilience, time brown, knot Bundle anaerobic fermentation;
5) by 4) moisture that is dried at 60 DEG C to fermentation wood flour of wood flour after fermentation process is to 20%, it is simple to preserve.
The preparation method of a kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour, comprises the following steps:
(1) pretreatment of raw material: described pretreatment of raw material includes preparation and the preparation of carbonization rice husk of fermentation wood flour, described The preparation of fermentation wood flour comprises the following steps:
1) by compoiste fertilizer: carbamide: water is with the weight ratio wiring solution-forming of 1:30:1500;
2) solution in step 1) is divided 2 times uniformly it is sprinkled in wood flour, and wood flour is extruded in heaps, thermometer is inserted wood In bits heap, then carry out anaerobic fermentation with diaphragm seal;
3) until step 2) in the wood flour stack temperature that processes of anaerobic fermentation when reaching 58 DEG C, carry out scarifying wood flour heap and be sprinkled into wood The solution that the step 1) of the 1.0%V/V of bits prepares makes the water content of wood flour reach 55%, then, extrudes continuation anaerobism in heaps and sends out Ferment;
4), when the wood flour stack temperature that anaerobic fermentation processes in step 3) reaches 45 DEG C, scarifying wood flour heap, then squeezes again Be pressed into heap and carry out anaerobic fermentation, when fermenting between when reaching 60 days, and fermentation wood flour is soft and high resilience, time brown, knot Bundle anaerobic fermentation;
5) by 4) moisture that is dried at 60 DEG C to fermentation wood flour of wood flour after fermentation process is to 20%;
The preparation of described carbonization rice husk is smouldered by dying fire and its carbonization is obtained;
(2) raw material is mixed by formula proportion, then the humidity of raw material is adjusted to 52.5%;
(3) light ground mass filling and sterilization: the mixed-matrix prepared is utilized Light media mesh bag maker and half degraded The special non-woven fiber material fill of property, makes the material mesh bag container that bore is 4.0cm, then material mesh bag container is put into 0.15% Gao Meng Soak in acid potassium solution and carry out disinfection for 12 hours, then mesh bag is cut into the segment container section of 12cm length.
Embodiment 4
A kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour of the present embodiment, by 20 parts of fermentation wood flours, 30 parts of carbonization rice husks, 49.5 parts Peat and 0.5 part of calcium superphosphate composition.
The preparation of described fermentation wood flour is with embodiment 1.
The preparation method of a kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour is with embodiment 3.
Embodiment 5 ~ 9
The preparation method of a kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour described in embodiment 5 ~ 9 is with embodiment 1.
A kind of light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour described in embodiment 1 ~ 9 is used for cultivating Eucalyptus and grows directly from seeds nursery transplant, pinus elliottii The survival rate of nursery transplant of growing directly from seeds and planting percent are as described in Table 1.

Claims (8)

1. the light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour, it is characterised in that include ferment wood flour, carbonization rice husk and calcium superphosphate, institute The weight part ratio stating fermentation wood flour, carbonization rice husk and calcium superphosphate is 20 ~ 49.5: 30 ~ 50:0.2 ~ 0.8;
The preparation process of described fermentation wood flour is as follows:
1) by compoiste fertilizer: carbamide: water is with the weight ratio wiring solution-forming of 1:10 ~ 30:1000 ~ 1500;
2) solution in step 1) is divided 2 ~ 4 times uniformly it is sprinkled in wood flour, and wood flour is extruded in heaps, thermometer is inserted wood flour In heap, then carry out anaerobic fermentation with diaphragm seal;
3) until step 2) in the wood flour stack temperature that processes of anaerobic fermentation when reaching 58 ~ 62 DEG C, carry out scarifying wood flour heap and be sprinkled into step Rapid 1) solution prepared makes the water content of wood flour reach 55 ~ 60%, then, extrudes continuation anaerobic fermentation in heaps;
4), when the wood flour stack temperature that anaerobic fermentation processes in step 3) reaches 45 ~ 50 DEG C, scarifying wood flour heap, then extrudes again In heaps carry out anaerobic fermentation, when fermenting between reach more than 45 days, and fermentation wood flour is soft and high resilience, time brown, knot Bundle anaerobic fermentation;
5) by 4) moisture that is dried at 60 ~ 80 DEG C to fermentation wood flour of wood flour after fermentation process is less than 20%.
2. as claimed in claim 1 containing the light ground mass of fermentation wood flour, it is characterised in that the described light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour Also including that peat and/or plant ash, the content of described peat are 10 ~ 50 weight portions, the content of described plant ash is 5 ~ 20 weight Part.
3. as claimed in claim 1 containing the light ground mass of fermentation wood flour, it is characterised in that the described light-duty base containing fermentation wood flour Matter, is made up of 40 ~ 49.5 parts of fermentation wood flours, 45 ~ 50 parts of carbonization rice husks and 0.4 ~ 0.6 part of calcium superphosphate.
4. as claimed in claim 1 containing the light ground mass of fermentation wood flour, it is characterised in that the described light-duty base containing fermentation wood flour Matter, is made up of 49.5 parts of fermentation wood flours, 50 parts of carbonization rice husks and 0.5 part of calcium superphosphate.
5. as claimed in claim 1 or 2 containing the light ground mass of fermentation wood flour, it is characterised in that step 2) in, the use of described solution Amount is 1.0 ~ 3.0%V/V of wood flour.
6. as claimed in claim 1 or 2 containing the light ground mass of fermentation wood flour, it is characterised in that described fermentation time is 45 ~ 60 My god.
7. the preparation method of the light ground mass containing fermentation wood flour as described in any one of claim 1 ~ 6, it is characterised in that Comprise the following steps: the pretreatment of (1) raw material;(2) raw material is mixed by formula proportion, then the humidity of raw material is adjusted to 50~55%;(3) light ground mass filling is with sterilization: the mixed-matrix prepared utilizes Light media mesh bag maker and half degradability Special non-woven fiber material fill, makes the material mesh bag container that bore is 3.0 ~ 4.5cm, then it is high that material mesh bag container is put into 0.15% Soak in potassium manganate solution and carry out disinfection for 10 ~ 12 hours, then mesh bag is cut into the segment container section of 10 ~ 15cm length.
8. contain the preparation method of the light ground mass of fermentation wood flour as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that described pretreatment of raw material Including preparation and the preparation of carbonization rice husk of fermentation wood flour, the preparation of described fermentation wood flour comprises the following steps:
1) by compoiste fertilizer: carbamide: water is with the weight ratio wiring solution-forming of 1:10 ~ 30:1000 ~ 1500;
2) solution in step 1) is divided 2 ~ 4 times uniformly it is sprinkled in wood flour, and wood flour is extruded in heaps, thermometer is inserted wood flour In heap, then carry out anaerobic fermentation with diaphragm seal;
3) until step 2) in the wood flour stack temperature that processes of anaerobic fermentation when reaching 58 ~ 62 DEG C, carry out scarifying wood flour heap and be sprinkled into step Rapid 1) solution prepared makes the water content of wood flour reach 55 ~ 60%, then, extrudes continuation anaerobic fermentation in heaps;
4), when the wood flour stack temperature that anaerobic fermentation processes in step 3) reaches 45 ~ 50 DEG C, scarifying wood flour heap, then extrudes again In heaps carry out anaerobic fermentation, when fermenting between reach more than 45 days, and fermentation wood flour is soft and high resilience, time brown, knot Bundle anaerobic fermentation;
5) by 4) moisture that is dried at 60 ~ 80 DEG C to fermentation wood flour of wood flour after fermentation process is less than 20%;
The preparation of described carbonization rice husk is smouldered by dying fire and its carbonization is obtained.
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CN104938244A (en) * 2015-06-27 2015-09-30 蚌埠市双墩农业生物科技开发有限责任公司 Matrix suitable for accelerating germination of Chinese cabbage seeds
CN105613242A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-06-01 漳州市隆丰农业科技有限公司 Cultivation medium suitable for ficus microcarpa
CN106431741A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-22 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Special fertilizer for pinus elliottii and application method
CN110291956A (en) * 2019-07-12 2019-10-01 肇庆市恒发农业科技有限公司 A kind of culture substrate based on peat sawdust

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Address after: 425800 192 Nanping Road, Ta Feng Town, Lanshan County, Hunan.

Patentee after: Hunan green spring Forestry Technology Co., Ltd.

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Denomination of invention: Light medium containing fermented sawdust and preparation method of light medium

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