CN103636470B - A kind of cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree - Google Patents

A kind of cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103636470B
CN103636470B CN201310563521.3A CN201310563521A CN103636470B CN 103636470 B CN103636470 B CN 103636470B CN 201310563521 A CN201310563521 A CN 201310563521A CN 103636470 B CN103636470 B CN 103636470B
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China
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water
ancient tree
stake
alpine rose
matrix
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310563521.3A
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CN103636470A (en
Inventor
田国英
白霄霞
李振勤
李志斌
李燕
张文芝
康红霞
张丽玲
师建华
卢天啸
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SHIJIAZHUANG SHENZHOU FLOWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO., LTD.
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Shijiazhuang shenzhou flower research institute
Shijiazhuang Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Publication of CN103636470A publication Critical patent/CN103636470A/en
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The present invention is directed to the difficult problem that the stake of alpine rose ancient tree is transplanted rear root regeneration and rebuild difficulty with moving, provide a kind of plantation substrate and methods for using them, preparation process is: A, self-control leaf mould: add wood chip in 5: 1 ratios with the dead leaf collected, machine adds water drenched after smashing, to be embedded in soil about one-year age and fully to become thoroughly decomposed and make; B, turfy soil, self-control leaf mould, pine needle press turfy soil: self-control leaf mould: pine needle=7: the volume ratio of 2: 1 prepares base starting material; 1. 10: 11: 18 C, preparation mixing base manure: select that NPK is respectively, three kinds of Controlled Release Fertilizers of 2. 15: 9: 11,3. 9: 14: 19 are with 1.: 2.: 3.=1.5: 1: 2 ratios mix; The mixing of D, base starting material adds the base manure 1kg/m3 prepared after mixing thoroughly; E, purifying water process; F, drench matrix with the water of step e process, again stir, matrix quality with hand hold agglomerating, loose one's grip and namely fall apart, moisture content 80-90% is advisable, and reaching the standard of loose ventilative water conservation again.

Description

A kind of cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plant cultivation matrix, the cultivation matrix particularly transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree and application method thereof.
Background technology
Azalea is the famousst and precious ornamental flower in the world, person " spending middle Xisi, famous beauty in the late Spring and Autumn Period ", is put into China's ten large famous flowers.The fine work of alpine rose especially in azalea family, has high viewing and admiring and economic worth.In the wild area of alpine rose, many wild alpine rhododendron ancient tree stake root systems are had to be subjected to destruction in various degree because of weather, geography or the various reasons such as artificial, root system development situation has been not enough to maintain the nutrition supply needed for normal plants, but its periphery habitat is suitable for continued growth, or because its age of tree is too large or geographical position is important, usually need the guard method adopting original place treatment; Some alpine rose kind can not adapt to periphery Environmental variations because of himself biological property or worsen and face in imminent danger because of weather, the geographical living environment caused in addition; Or residing environmental condition suffers other species invasion; Or suffer what damage by disease and insect endangered; Or the over-exploitation because of the mankind and the destruction to its habitat and environment is not reached grow required condition; above-mentioned situation needs to transplant protection with moving to it usually; improve its structure and habitat conditions; make under new cultivation condition, protected plant can grow preferably, grow and breed offspring.
The necessary mineral nutrition of plant has 16 kinds, and except carbon source is in air, outside absorbing by blade, other nutrition are all that root system absorbs from medium soil, and therefore cultivation matrix is most important to plant growth.Alpine rose is fibrous root system plants, without obvious main root, and the functional capillary root drawn nourishment from all is distributed in and has stretched the far tip of a root, very thin fragility, to the packing of cultivation matrix, draining air penetrability and pH value, EC value is all extremely responsive, especially for needing for the wild alpine rhododendron ancient tree stake that the mountain of height above sea level three or four km is transplanted with moving, ancient tree root system is huge, must not by root system from the whole brachymemma of base portion during digging, root system subject to severe risks of damage, this to the root system strange land of plant to recover to bring extreme difficulties, therefore the cultivation matrix transplanting use just determines the healthy and strong reconstruction of root system of alpine rose ancient tree stake and the survival rate of in situ conservation.But the research that there is no at present in this respect and open source literature report.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to transplant rear root regeneration with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree and rebuild a difficult problem for difficulty, provide a kind of plantation substrate and methods for using them, move ground transplanting success for the stake of raising alpine rose ancient tree and provide safeguard.
This cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree, this cultivation matrix adopts following steps to prepare:
A, self-control leaf mould: add wood chip with the dead leaf collected in 5: 1 ratios, machine adds water drenched after smashing, to be embedded in soil about one-year age and fully to become thoroughly decomposed and make;
B, turfy soil, self-control leaf mould, pine needle press turfy soil: self-control leaf mould: pine needle=7: the volume ratio of 2: 1 prepares base starting material;
1. 10: 11: 18 C, preparation mixing base manure: select that NPK is respectively, three kinds of Controlled Release Fertilizers of 2. 15: 9: 11,3. 9: 14: 19 are with 1.: 2.: 3.=1.5: 1: 2 ratios mix;
The mixing of D, base starting material adds the base manure 1kg/m prepared after mixing thoroughly 3;
E, water treatment: with the rainwater purification of water treatment purifier by running water, underground water or collection, the instant fertilizer of 0.76kg NPK=9: 45: 15 is added in every cube of water, survey its EC value <500 μ s/cm, and be 5-6.5 by the phosphoric acid adjusted to ph of 95%;
F, drench matrix with the water of step e process, again stir, matrix quality with hand hold agglomerating, loose one's grip and namely fall apart, moisture content 80-90% is advisable, and reaching the standard of loose ventilative water conservation again.
The described cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree, the alpine rose branches and leaves that in the broad leaved plant dead leaf of field sylvan life collection and greenhouse, potted flower production process is pruned selected by the self-control leaf mould described in steps A.
The application method of the described cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree, its feature comprises:
A, to be suitable for described substrate culture that the stake of alpine rose ancient tree is transplanted with moving, alpine rose seedling is cultivated, modern horticultural cultivar and the domestication of wild seedling, the treatment ridging of alpine rose ancient tree stake original place and the stake of alpine rose ancient tree application when planting in garden landscape;
B, first clean out gathering the ancient tree root of returning, spraying fungicide is sterilized, and carries out local bactericidal process to the root wound of brachymemma during digging;
C, in cultivation box, insert the matrix that 25-30cm prepares;
D, ancient tree put into cultivation box and righting;
E, insert the matrix prepared, until cover 10-20cm on root;
F, first pass water to pour water and use pH5-6.5, EC value <500 μ s/cm and the rich water that to dissolve in containing NPK be the instant fertile 1-1.5 ‰ of high potassium of 15: 10: 30 irrigates, the ball of fully wetting trimming, but noting can not ponding, the alpine rose ancient tree transplanted with moving will be shaded summer, aeration-cooling.
The present invention has created the cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree, cultivation matrix is loose ventilative, water conservation, matrix nutrition element level optimum alpine rose ancient tree stake root regeneration and growth, alpine rose root system is made to be in the growing environment of relative ideal, be conducive to again recovering healthy and strong root system after the stake of alpine rose ancient tree is transplanted, substantially increase transplanting success.The present invention can solve the problem such as wild alpine rhododendron ancient tree stake root regeneration and new root regeneration difficulty effectively; effective ways and the measure that wild ancient stub original place in imminent danger treatment and ancient tree transplant keep-alive; in the protection that can promote the use of wild ancient tree widely and Application and Development; protection quality germplasm, excavation are created to new germ plasm and had great significance, and application prospect is very wide.
Embodiment
Describe cultivation matrix methods for making and using same step of the present invention in detail below in conjunction with instantiation, the stake of the present invention alpine rose ancient tree used is the wild alpine rhododendron root of Egg-shaped Leaves Rhododendron ancient tree stake collected from the mountain of height above sea level three or four km.The cultivation matrix transplanted with moving comprises the steps preparation:
A, self-control leaf mould: add wood chip with the dead leaf collected in 5: 1 ratios, machine adds water drenched after smashing, to be embedded in soil about one-year age and fully to become thoroughly decomposed and make; Select the alpine rose branches and leaves that in the broad leaved plant dead leaf of field sylvan life collection and greenhouse, potted flower production process is pruned;
B, turfy soil, self-control leaf mould, pine needle press turfy soil: self-control leaf mould: pine needle=7: the volume ratio of 2: 1 prepares base starting material;
1. 10: 11: 18 C, preparation mixing base manure: select that NPK is respectively, three kinds of Controlled Release Fertilizers of 2. 15: 9: 11,3. 9: 14: 19 are with 1.: 2.: 3.=1.5: 1: 2 ratios mix;
Controlled Release Fertilizer is that German Fu Luojia produces, and import dealer is Beijing big fellow's landscape company, and trade name is Osmocote height potash fertilizer.
The mixing of D, base starting material adds the base manure 1kg/m prepared after mixing thoroughly 3;
E, water treatment: with the rainwater purification of water treatment purifier by running water, underground water or collection, the instant fertilizer of 0.76kg NPK=9: 45: 15 is added in every cube of water, survey its EC value <500 μ s/cm, and be 5-6.5 by the pH value of the phosphoric acid adjustment water of 95%;
F, drench matrix with the water of step e process, again stir, matrix quality with hand hold agglomerating, loose one's grip and namely fall apart, moisture content 80-90% is advisable, and reaching the standard of loose ventilative water conservation again.
The application method of the cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree comprises:
A, first clean out gathering the ancient tree root of returning, spraying fungicide is sterilized, and carries out local bactericidal process to the root wound of brachymemma during digging;
B, in cultivation box, insert the matrix that 25-30cm prepares;
C, ancient tree put into cultivation box and righting;
D, insert the matrix prepared, until cover 10-20cm on root;
E, first pass water to pour water and use pH5-6.5, EC value <500 μ s/cm and the rich water that to dissolve in containing NPK be the instant fertile 1-1.5 ‰ of high potassium of 15: 10: 30 irrigates, the ball of fully wetting trimming, but noting can not ponding, the alpine rose ancient tree transplanted with moving will be shaded summer, aeration-cooling.
Application result: the matrix using the present invention's preparation, alpine rose ancient tree stake survival rate is to more than 90%, and continuous 8 years blossom and bear fruit.
Under application method described here is equally applicable to wild area natural environmental condition, root system is impaired, the diminuendo of plant growing way but can also or need original place treatment the stake of alpine rose ancient tree; Or living environment has been not suitable for the growth of the open country dried rhizome of rehmannia or has needed to transplant with moving the alpine rose ancient tree stake of protection because of other reason.

Claims (3)

1., for the cultivation matrix that the stake of alpine rose ancient tree is transplanted with moving, its feature comprises this cultivation matrix and adopts following steps to prepare:
A, self-control leaf mould: add wood chip with the dead leaf collected in 5: 1 ratios, machine adds water drenched after smashing, and is embedded in one-year age in soil and fully becomes thoroughly decomposed and make;
B, turfy soil, self-control leaf mould, pine needle press turfy soil: self-control leaf mould: pine needle=7: the volume ratio of 2: 1 prepares base starting material;
1. 10: 11: 18 C, preparation mixing base manure: select that NPK is respectively, three kinds of Controlled Release Fertilizers of 2. 15: 9: 11,3. 9: 14: 19 are with 1.: 2.: 3.=1.5: 1: 2 ratios mix;
The mixing of D, base starting material adds the base manure 1kg/m prepared after mixing thoroughly 3;
E, water treatment: with the rainwater purification of water treatment purifier by running water, underground water or collection, the instant fertilizer of 0.76kg NPK=9: 45: 15 is added in every cube of water, survey its EC value <500 μ s/cm, and be 5-6.5 by the pH value of the phosphoric acid adjustment water of 95%;
F, drench matrix with the water of step e process, again stir, matrix quality with hand hold agglomerating, loose one's grip and namely fall apart, moisture content 80-90% is advisable, and reaching the standard of loose ventilative water conservation again.
2. the cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the alpine rose branches and leaves that in the broad leaved plant dead leaf of field sylvan life collection and greenhouse, potted flower production process is pruned selected by the self-control leaf mould described in steps A.
3. the application method of the cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree according to claim 1, its feature comprises:
A, described cultivation matrix are suitable for that the stake of alpine rose ancient tree is transplanted with moving, alpine rose seedling is cultivated, modern horticultural cultivar and the domestication of wild seedling, the treatment ridging of alpine rose ancient tree stake original place;
B, first clean out gathering the ancient tree root of returning, spraying fungicide is sterilized, and carries out local bactericidal process to the root wound of brachymemma during digging;
C, in cultivation box, insert the matrix that 25-30cm prepares;
D, ancient tree put into cultivation box and righting;
E, insert the matrix prepared, until cover 10-20cm on root;
F, first pass water to pour water and use pH5-6.5, EC value <500 μ s/cm and the rich water that to dissolve in containing NPK be the instant fertile 1-1.5 ‰ of high potassium of 15: 10: 30 irrigates, the ball of fully wetting trimming, but noting can not ponding, the alpine rose ancient tree transplanted with moving will be shaded summer, aeration-cooling.
CN201310563521.3A 2013-11-14 2013-11-14 A kind of cultivation matrix transplanted with moving for the stake of alpine rose ancient tree Expired - Fee Related CN103636470B (en)

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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105272628A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-01-27 李艳辉 Azalea compost and preparation method for azalea compost
CN105850580A (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-08-17 石家庄市神州花卉研究所有限公司 Substrate for culture of wild rhododendron delavayi seed seedlings
CN106171219A (en) * 2016-07-03 2016-12-07 浙江森禾种业股份有限公司 Cacumen Platycladi transplants Nutrition Soil and preparation and application thereof
CN106258748A (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-01-04 株洲市方绿生态园林绿化有限公司 A kind of alpine rose tree transplants the cultural method on level land
CN106717814A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-31 罗景 A kind of implantation methods of cuckoo
CN107094610B (en) * 2017-06-21 2020-08-11 汤贵莹 Cultivation method of golden marbles
CN107736180A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-02-27 石家庄市神州花卉研究所有限公司 A kind of wild rhododendron micranthum moves ground implanting and cultivating method
CN107960260A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-04-27 西南大学 A kind of wild woody flowers nursery stock selection and Rhododendron irroratum Franch, wealthy handle cuckoo

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH104781A (en) * 1996-06-27 1998-01-13 Masayuki Ito Culture of azaleas
CN101720657A (en) * 2009-12-31 2010-06-09 云南绿大地生物科技股份有限公司 Soilless culture substrate suitable for rhododendrons
CN103299819B (en) * 2013-07-06 2014-07-23 云南省农业科学院花卉研究所 Precise seedling growing method for alpine rhododendrons

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Effective date of registration: 20180115

Address after: 050041 Shijiazhuang Shengli Street, No. 479, Hebei

Co-patentee after: SHIJIAZHUANG SHENZHOU FLOWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO., LTD.

Patentee after: Shijiazhuang Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences

Address before: 050021 Cang Xing street, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, No. 16

Co-patentee before: SHIJIAZHUANG SHENZHOU FLOWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Patentee before: Shijiazhuang Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences

Effective date of registration: 20180115

Address after: 050041 Shijiazhuang Shengli Street, No. 479, Hebei

Co-patentee after: SHIJIAZHUANG SHENZHOU FLOWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO., LTD.

Patentee after: Shijiazhuang Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences

Address before: 050021 Cang Xing street, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, No. 16

Co-patentee before: SHIJIAZHUANG SHENZHOU FLOWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Patentee before: Shijiazhuang Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150909

Termination date: 20191114