CN103430680A - Fertilizing method by utilizing biogas manure in vegetable cultivation - Google Patents

Fertilizing method by utilizing biogas manure in vegetable cultivation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103430680A
CN103430680A CN2013104064281A CN201310406428A CN103430680A CN 103430680 A CN103430680 A CN 103430680A CN 2013104064281 A CN2013104064281 A CN 2013104064281A CN 201310406428 A CN201310406428 A CN 201310406428A CN 103430680 A CN103430680 A CN 103430680A
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China
Prior art keywords
natural pond
vegetable
fertilizing
vegetables
seed
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CN2013104064281A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张敏
陈纪琴
魏志敏
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JIANGSU SHENZHOU AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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JIANGSU SHENZHOU AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2013104064281A priority Critical patent/CN103430680A/en
Publication of CN103430680A publication Critical patent/CN103430680A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a fertilizing method by utilizing biogas manure in vegetable cultivation. The fertilizing method comprises the steps of (1) preparing nutrient soil; (2) digging holes and fertilizing; (3) soaking seeds in biogas slurry; (4) using as a base fertilizer; (5) topdressing. According to the fertilizing method, the biogas manure is applied, so that the soil can be significantly improved to ensure a good micro-ecological environment needed for the growth of crops, and the fertilizing method is also beneficial to the enhancement of frost resistance and drought resistance of vegetables, and the reduction of diseases and insect pests.

Description

Utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in a kind of vegetable growing
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fertilizing method, specifically in a kind of vegetable growing, utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond.
Background technology
Ye Ji natural pond, Fei You natural pond, natural pond slag forms.The products of living beings through the biogas generating pit anaerobic fermentation.According to surveying and determination, in the liquid of natural pond except containing the main nutrient elements such as abundant nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, also contain the trace elements such as boron that crop growth is played an important role, copper, iron, manganese, sodium, calcium, zinc, and a large amount of organic matters, several amino acids and vitamin, enzyme, humic acid etc.Through relevant department, research and analyse, the total nitrogen content in the fertilizer of natural pond is than the fertile raising 40%~60% of stack retting, and full phosphorus is fertile higher by 40%~50% than stack retting, and full potassium is fertile higher by 80%~90% than stack retting, and the crop utilization rate is than the fertile improve 10%~20% of stack retting.
In agricultural production, natural pond fertilizer is usually used in seed soaking, foliar application, insect protected, feeds pigs, potted plant, planting fruit-trees, kind vegetables, plant paddy rice, breed fish, cultured mushroom, breeding earthworm etc., to promoting the metabolism of crop and poultry, fowl, fish, and prevent and treat some crop disease and insect remarkable effect is arranged.Now, the fertile comprehensive utilization technique in natural pond, promoting increasing peasant income, is realized agriculture nuisanceless production, in construction of rural well-off society, plays an increasingly important role.But, while adopting the traditional fertilization method, Ye, natural pond, natural pond slag is not separately rationally utilized, could not give full play to fertilizer efficiency.
Summary of the invention
For above problem, the object of the present invention is to provide in a kind of vegetable growing the method for utilizing the fertile fertilising in natural pond, to apply fertilizer culturing vegetable by biological method through the product of biogas generating pit anaerobic fermentation, to reach the metabolism of promotion crop and poultry, fowl, fish, and the effect that prevents and treats some crop disease and insect.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in the following ways: utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in a kind of vegetable growing, comprise the following steps: 1) preparation Nutrition Soil, 2) caving & fertilizing, 3) natural pond immersion kind, 4) as base manure, 5) as topdressing; It is characterized in that:
1), preparation Nutrition Soil: with natural pond slag preparation Nutrition Soil, adopt the natural pond slag that rotten degree is good, quality is fine and smooth, its consumption accounts for 20%~30% of amount of the mixture, then mixes 50%~60% land for growing field crops soil, 5%~10% wood sawdust, 0.1%~0.2% urea and potassium dihydrogen phosphate and mix thoroughly and get final product:
2), caving & fertilizing: do furrow after turning over the whole soil of raking, adopt the wide 100cm of furrow, the high 12~15cm of furrow, furrow width 35cm specification, furrow length is no more than 10m; Dig cave depending on the kind difference, during shoot transplanting equipment, every 667m 2apply in planting pit with the natural pond slag 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, carry out field planting with opening after the garden mould dug out in cave mixes;
Described fertilising is: for melon-fruit-like vegetable, adopt the large fertile method in large cave, every 667m 2apply in cave after fully mixing by natural pond slag 3000kg, superphosphate 35kg, ash 100kg and appropriate house refuse, cover the approximately garden mould of 5~10cm of thick layer, water immediately permeablely after field planting, and cover in time straw or straw.
3), natural pond immersion kind: before seed soaking, vegetable seeds is fully dried, to improve the water absorbing capacity of seed, and carrying out seed disinfection, the seed that then will process is packed in the good gauze bag of permeability, after sack is frapped, drop into and normally use more than 50 days in the natural pond liquid that dilutes 10 times in biogas generating pit, in the situation that 15~18 ℃, the gourd vegetables seed soaks 2~4 hours, and the solanaceous vegetables seed soaks 4~6 hours;
4), as base manure: to the vegetables of program request or establishing in large scale, base manure row replacement drilling also can be sprinkled into when turning over, every 667m 2execute 1800~3200kg, adopt the vegetables of transplanting seedlings, row replacement or spread manuer in holes before transplanting:
5), as topdressing: topdress with the natural pond slag, deposit outside pond 5~7 days, cover the time of piling up 10 days with plastic film, after allowing it fully become thoroughly decomposed, applied before the facility buckle film, the vexed canopy of buckle film 10 days, planting vegetable again after thorough ventilation; During vegetable growth, to drench at any time and execute or foliage-spray, foliage spray sprays, and natural pond liquid is wanted first clarification filtration, and consumption does not trickle and is advisable to be sprayed onto blade face and to be covered with trickle cloud point, every 667m 21800~3200kg is executed in pouring, and fertilising should be in the morning or be carried out at dusk, and the rainy day should not spray, and sunlight is strong and should not apply fertilizer noon hot summer, in order to avoid nutriment in a fertilizer is lost and burn vegetables blade face and root system.
Add 3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the liquid of described natural pond.
The present invention, use natural pond fertilizer, can not only improve significantly soil, guarantees the excellent micro-ecological environment that crop growth is required, also helps and strengthen its freeze proof, drought-resistant ability, reduces damage by disease and insect.
Embodiment
Utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in a kind of vegetable growing, comprise the following steps:
1, preparation Nutrition Soil: natural pond slag comprehensive nutrition, can be fully for the preparation of vegetable seedlings nutritious soil.With natural pond slag preparation Nutrition Soil, adopt the natural pond slag that rotten degree is good, quality is fine and smooth, its consumption accounts for 20%~30% of amount of the mixture, then mixes 50%~60% land for growing field crops soil, 5%~10% wood sawdust, 0.1%~0.2% urea and potassium dihydrogen phosphate and mix thoroughly and get final product; Grow seedlings with the Nutrition Soil of natural pond slag preparation, can effectively prevent and treat vegetables damping off, fusarium wilt and damping off and soil insect.
2, caving & fertilizing: do furrow after turning over the whole soil of raking, generally adopt the wide 100cm of furrow, the high 12~15cm of furrow, furrow width 35cm specification, furrow length is no more than 10m.Dig cave depending on the kind difference, during shoot transplanting equipment, every 667m 2apply in planting pit with the natural pond slag 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, carry out field planting with opening after the garden mould dug out in cave mixes.For melon-fruit-like vegetable, such as pumpkin, wax gourd, cucumber, tomato etc., generally adopt the large fertile method in large cave, every 667m 2apply in cave after fully mixing by natural pond slag 3000kg, superphosphate 35kg, ash 100kg and appropriate house refuse, cover the approximately garden mould of 5~10cm of thick layer, water immediately permeablely after field planting, and cover in time straw or straw;
3, natural pond immersion kind: before seed soaking, vegetable seeds is fully dried, to improve the water absorbing capacity of seed, and carrying out seed disinfection, the seed that then will process is packed in the good gauze bag of permeability, after sack is frapped, drop into and normally use more than 50 days in the natural pond liquid that dilutes 10 times in biogas generating pit, in the situation that 15~18 ℃, the gourd vegetables seed soaks 2~4 hours, and the solanaceous vegetables seed soaks 4~6 hours;
4, as base manure: to adopting the vegetables of program request or establishing in large scale, base manure generally adopts row replacement bar broadcasting method, also can when turning over, be sprinkled into every 667m 2execute 1800~3200kg, adopt the vegetables of transplanting seedlings, can be before transplanting row replacement or spread manuer in holes, but take, spread manuer in holes as good.
5, as topdressing: topdress with the natural pond slag, use immediately after can not going out pond, generally will deposit outside pond 5~7 days, cover the time of piling up about 10 days with plastic film, after allowing it fully become thoroughly decomposed, applied before the facility buckle film, then the vexed canopy of buckle film is 10 days, thoroughly planting vegetable again after ventilation.During vegetable growth, can drench at any time and execute or foliage-spray, foliage spray sprays, and natural pond liquid is wanted first clarification filtration, and consumption does not trickle and is advisable to be sprayed onto blade face and to be covered with trickle cloud point, every 667m 21800~3200kg is executed in pouring, and fertilising should be in the morning or be carried out at dusk, and the rainy day should not spray, and sunlight is strong and should not apply fertilizer noon hot summer, in order to avoid nutriment in a fertilizer is lost and burn vegetables blade face and root system.Fruit-setting rate, ripening rate in order to improve melon-fruit-like vegetable, improve its yield and quality, when squaring period, florescence and fruit expanding period are topdressed, can in the liquid of natural pond, add 3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate.While topdressing first at vegetables side trench digging or dig cave, earthing immediately after fertilising.

Claims (3)

1. utilize the fertile method of applying fertilizer in natural pond in a vegetable growing, comprise the following steps: 1) preparation Nutrition Soil, 2) caving & fertilizing, 3) natural pond immersion kind, 4) as base manure, 5) as topdressing: it is characterized in that:
1), preparation Nutrition Soil: with natural pond slag preparation Nutrition Soil, adopt the natural pond slag that rotten degree is good, quality is fine and smooth, its consumption accounts for 20%~30% of amount of the mixture, then mixes 50%~60% land for growing field crops soil, 5%~10% wood sawdust, 0.1%~0.2% urea and potassium dihydrogen phosphate and mix thoroughly and get final product;
2), caving & fertilizing: do furrow after turning over the whole soil of raking, adopt the wide 100cm of furrow, the high 12~15cm of furrow, furrow width 35cm specification, furrow length is no more than 10m; Dig cave depending on the kind difference, during shoot transplanting equipment, every 667m 2apply in planting pit with the natural pond slag 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, carry out field planting with opening after the garden mould dug out in cave mixes;
3), natural pond immersion kind: before seed soaking, vegetable seeds is fully dried, to improve the water absorbing capacity of seed, and carrying out seed disinfection, the seed that then will process is packed in the good gauze bag of permeability, after sack is frapped, drop into and normally use more than 50 days in the natural pond liquid that dilutes 10 times in biogas generating pit, in the situation that 15~18 ℃, the gourd vegetables seed soaks 2~4 hours, and the solanaceous vegetables seed soaks 4~6 hours;
4), as base manure: to the vegetables of program request or establishing in large scale, base manure row replacement drilling also can be sprinkled into when turning over, every 667m 2execute 1800~3200kg, adopt the vegetables of transplanting seedlings, row replacement or spread manuer in holes before transplanting;
5), as topdressing: topdress with the natural pond slag, deposit outside pond 5~7 days, cover the time of piling up 10 days with plastic film, after allowing it fully become thoroughly decomposed, applied before the facility buckle film, the vexed canopy of buckle film 10 days, planting vegetable again after thorough ventilation; During vegetable growth, to drench at any time and execute or foliage-spray, foliage spray sprays, and natural pond liquid is wanted first clarification filtration, and consumption does not trickle and is advisable to be sprayed onto blade face and to be covered with trickle cloud point, every 667m 21800~3200kg is executed in pouring, and fertilising should be in the morning or be carried out at dusk, and the rainy day should not spray, and sunlight is strong and should not apply fertilizer noon hot summer, in order to avoid nutriment in a fertilizer is lost and burn vegetables blade face and root system.
2. utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in a kind of vegetable growing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the fertilising described step 2) is: for melon-fruit-like vegetable, adopt the large fertile method in large cave, every 667m 2apply in cave after fully mixing by natural pond slag 3000kg, superphosphate 35kg, ash 100kg and appropriate house refuse, cover the approximately garden mould of 5~10cm of thick layer, water immediately permeablely after field planting, and cover in time straw or straw.
3. utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in a kind of vegetable growing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: add 3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the natural pond liquid described step 5).
CN2013104064281A 2013-09-10 2013-09-10 Fertilizing method by utilizing biogas manure in vegetable cultivation Pending CN103430680A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104522593A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-22 苏宏文 Organic pickled Chinese cabbages and preparation method thereof
CN105993479A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-10-12 广德县富丰蔬菜专业合作社 Eggplant planting method with biogas slurry as fertilizer source
CN107580954A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-01-16 珠海十亿人社区农业科技有限公司 A kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals
CN107836312A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-03-27 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 A kind of mulberry field, the synergisting method of orchard winter consumption biogas slurry
CN108967069A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-12-11 张友红 A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104522593A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-22 苏宏文 Organic pickled Chinese cabbages and preparation method thereof
CN105993479A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-10-12 广德县富丰蔬菜专业合作社 Eggplant planting method with biogas slurry as fertilizer source
CN107580954A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-01-16 珠海十亿人社区农业科技有限公司 A kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals
CN107836312A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-03-27 江苏沿江地区农业科学研究所 A kind of mulberry field, the synergisting method of orchard winter consumption biogas slurry
CN108967069A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-12-11 张友红 A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method

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Application publication date: 20131211