CN107580954A - A kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals - Google Patents

A kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107580954A
CN107580954A CN201710969458.1A CN201710969458A CN107580954A CN 107580954 A CN107580954 A CN 107580954A CN 201710969458 A CN201710969458 A CN 201710969458A CN 107580954 A CN107580954 A CN 107580954A
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China
Prior art keywords
fruit
fruit tree
insect
soil
fish
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CN201710969458.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史宪宾
王梦兰
史小林
王小兰
徐荣光
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Shi Yi People Community Zhuhai Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Shi Yi People Community Zhuhai Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710969458.1A priority Critical patent/CN107580954A/en
Publication of CN107580954A publication Critical patent/CN107580954A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals, including following link:(1)Carry out ecological system degradation:It is orcharding that selection soil layer is deep, irrigates convenient soil, is raised fruit trees on the orcharding and the flowers and plants of a variety of species are cultivated around fruit tree, form Plant Diversity environment to attract multiclass insect to enter;(2)Carry out pest control:Intentionally insect is prevented and treated for the fruit tree planted and the food chain rule of the insect pest of the fruit tree to reduce number of pest, improve beneficial insect quantity;(3)Carry out disease control:By the microbial population variation in improved soil soil so as to improving the resistance against diseases of fruit tree;In addition, the fruit tree to have caught an illness is physically separated;(4)Carry out supporting fowl under fruit:Suitable poultry is selected to be positioned over free-ranging under fruit tree according to the natural enemy for the fruit tree planted;(5)Carry out Ecological Fish Culture:Fish pond is opened up in orchard, fish is fed in the discarded flowers and plants input fish pond of the inferior fruit and trimming that fruit tree is forged, and periodically reclaims the fertilizer that the mud formed in fish pond is used as fruit tree.

Description

A kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting fruit trees field, espespecially a kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals.
Background technology
So-called ecological circulation, refer to use ecological principle, protect bio-diversity and stability, rationally utilize a variety of moneys Source, to obtain optimal ecological benefits and economic benefit.
And the method for planting fruit trees uses agricultural chemicals to carry out the preventing and treating of insect pest and disease more at present, and it is more extensive, it is difficult To recycle various resources so as to economize on resources.A series of environmental problem has been broken into the use of agricultural chemicals, such as:Two packing spaces Property increasingly reduce, soil hardening, viscosity meet rain and cause disaster, meet that solarization is then non-irrigated, and good farmland fertile soil is being degenerated, and some without converting very well Agricultural chemicals discarded object and pollutant into planting fruit trees industry land and water two be the circulatory system, cause the biological chain of whole planting fruit trees industry There is one kind not circulate benignly, or even have an effect on the health of the mankind, runed counter to current green economy theory.
Based on above-mentioned situation, there is provided a kind of method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals, and this method energy large-scale plantation fruit Tree forms ecological diversity, it has also become extremely urgent to need to solve the problems, such as.
The content of the invention
In consideration of it, the present invention proposes a kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals, it is above-mentioned in the hope of can effectively solve Problem.
To achieve the above objectives, the present invention mainly uses following technical scheme:
A kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals, including following link:
(1)Carry out ecological system degradation:It is orcharding that selection soil layer is deep, irrigates convenient soil, is planted on the orcharding Fruit tree and the flowers and plants that a variety of species are cultivated around fruit tree, Plant Diversity environment is formed to attract multiclass insect to enter, is formed Bio-diversity.
(2)Carry out pest control:For the fruit tree planted and the food chain rule of the insect pest of the fruit tree intentionally to insect Prevented and treated to reduce number of pest, improve beneficial insect quantity.Carry out control of insect method have it is a variety of, such as:It is 1. most simple direct Method manually to be caught using clap net;2. light is set according to the habit of the hobby light for the insect to be caught and caught Worm cage is caught;3. according to the insect-sticking plate for setting the color than more sensitive habit to certain color for the insect to be caught Caught;4. sought a spouse when being bred according to insect give out special odor habit forge smell caught, from root prevent Control follow-on generation;5. the methods of natural enemy for introducing insect is caught.
(3)Carry out disease control:Disease control is carried out in terms of two:1. pass through the microorganism in improved soil soil Population variation is so as to improving the resistance against diseases of fruit tree;2. prevent disease biography in addition, being physically separated to the fruit tree to have caught an illness Broadcast.
Method used in improved soil is that biologic ferment fertilizer and/or bio-organic fertilizer are injected in soil, makes soil The beneficial bacterium population enhancing of earth, makes the trace element of soil keep rich and varied property, makes the content of organic matter of soil increase so that Soil is more suitable for raising fruit trees and resistance against diseases strengthens.
The method being physically separated to the fruit tree to have caught an illness is that the fruit tree that catches an illness is cut off, and by the part of excision Burning disposal is carried out away from orchard progress landfill disposal or throwing water process or after drying.
After the link of above-mentioned disease control both includes the measure to be enhanced disease resistance from root or runs into disease including fruit tree Treatment measures.Two kinds of measures are worked along both lines and can effectively improve the resistance against diseases of fruit tree, prevent the generation and propagation of disease.
(4)Carry out supporting fowl under fruit:Suitable poultry is selected to be positioned over free-ranging under fruit tree according to the natural enemy for the fruit tree planted. Poultry is walked about in orchard, preys on the insect in orchard, certain governance role, and poultry can be played to the insect in orchard The excrement of excretion can be used on the soil in orchard as fertilizer.In addition, the insect traped in pest control link can be used for feeding Support the family fowl.
(5)Carry out Ecological Fish Culture:Fish pond is opened up in orchard, the discarded flowers and plants input of the inferior fruit and trimming that fruit tree is forged Fish is fed in fish pond, and fish eats surplus inferior fruit and flowers and plants and can be sunken to pond bottom and cooperatively form organic fertilizer with mud, periodically reclaims fish The mud formed in the pool is used as the fertilizer of fruit tree.
In addition, it can periodically trim the flowers and plants for a variety of species cultivated on orcharding and extract the inferior fruit of fruit tree, by inferior fruit And discarded flowers and plants will be trimmed and be laid under fruit tree as organic fertilizer or biologic ferment fertilizer is formed by fermenting tank for fermentation; Or put into fish pond and feed fish or forage feed poultry, fish are made into its deep processing.
The method for planting fruit trees of the present invention passes through ecological system degradation link, pest control link, disease control link energy The extensive planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals are enough effectively realized, and more conducively improve soil by planting for a long time, form soil Microbial population diversity, so as to reach the effect of large area planting fruit trees.Add the link that fowl and Ecological Fish Culture are supported under fruit It is combined with above three links, can more effectively utilizes the product in orchard, realize ecological circulation, obtain optimal Ecological Effect Benefit and economic benefit.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1)Realize that zero agricultural chemicals is extensive, large area planting fruit trees, beneficial to improvement of the ecological environment, form green economy benefit.
(2)Product in orchard can recycle, and economize on resources, and obtain optimal ecological benefits and economic benefit.
Brief description of the drawings
Using accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described, but the content in accompanying drawing does not form any limitation of the invention.
Fig. 1 is the implantation methods schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the ecological circulation schematic diagram of implantation methods of the present invention.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, below in conjunction with Figure of description 1,2 and Specific embodiment, the present invention will be described in further detail.
A kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals, including following link:
(1)Carry out ecological system degradation:It is orcharding that selection soil layer is deep, irrigates convenient soil, is planted on the orcharding Fruit tree and the flowers and plants that a variety of species are cultivated around fruit tree, Plant Diversity environment is formed to attract multiclass insect to enter, is formed Bio-diversity.
The flowers and plants planted can be big coloured glaze grass, clover, sensitive plant, Rafflesia, herba setariae viridis grass, lavender, iris, perfume (or spice) The water-white palm, red candle, tawny daylily, creeping oxalis, white clover, fragrant thoroughwort be in harmony grass, red fescue, English grass, Korea lawn grass, grow thickly hair grass, Wheatgrass, Festuca Arundinacea, creeping bentgrass, Chinese pennisetum, Queensland's lady's-grass, annual annual bluegrass, ditch millet, Bermuda grass, forest land annual bluegrass, Carpetweed, thin and delicate bent grass, English ryegrass, dewdrop grass, Herba Stenotaphri helferi, crested dogstail, pseudobase grass, rough bluegrass, cat tail The common flowers and plants such as grass, babysbreath, climing trailing plants, welted thistle, dandelion, purple Urginea maritima, pasqueflower, wax-apple.
(2)Carry out pest control:For the fruit tree planted and the food chain rule of the insect pest of the fruit tree intentionally to insect Prevented and treated to reduce number of pest, improve beneficial insect quantity.Carry out control of insect method have it is a variety of, such as:It is 1. most simple direct Method manually to be caught using clap net;2. light is set according to the habit of the hobby light for the insect to be caught and caught Worm cage is caught;3. according to the insect-sticking plate for setting the color than more sensitive habit to certain color for the insect to be caught Caught;4. sought a spouse when being bred according to insect give out special odor habit forge smell caught, from root prevent Control follow-on generation;5. the methods of natural enemy for introducing insect is caught.
(3)Carry out disease control:Disease control is carried out in terms of two:1. pass through the microorganism in improved soil soil Population variation is so as to improving the resistance against diseases of fruit tree;2. prevent disease biography in addition, being physically separated to the fruit tree to have caught an illness Broadcast.
Method used in improved soil is that biologic ferment fertilizer and/or bio-organic fertilizer are injected in soil, makes soil The beneficial bacterium population enhancing of earth, makes the trace element of soil keep rich and varied property, makes the content of organic matter of soil increase so that Soil is more suitable for raising fruit trees and resistance against diseases strengthens.
The method being physically separated to the fruit tree to have caught an illness is that the fruit tree that catches an illness is cut off, and by the part of excision Burning disposal is carried out away from orchard progress landfill disposal or throwing water process or after drying.
After the link of above-mentioned disease control both includes the measure to be enhanced disease resistance from root or runs into disease including fruit tree Treatment measures.Two kinds of measures are worked along both lines and can effectively improve the resistance against diseases of fruit tree, prevent the generation and propagation of disease.
(4)Carry out supporting fowl under fruit:Suitable poultry is selected to be positioned over free-ranging under fruit tree according to the natural enemy for the fruit tree planted. Poultry is walked about in orchard, preys on the insect in orchard, certain governance role, and poultry can be played to the insect in orchard The excrement of excretion can be used on the soil in orchard as fertilizer.In addition, the insect traped described in pest control link can use In keeping fowls.
The poultry of free-ranging can be the common poultry such as chicken, duck, goose.
(5)Carry out Ecological Fish Culture:Fish pond is opened up in orchard, the discarded flowers and plants input of the inferior fruit and trimming that fruit tree is forged Fish is fed in fish pond, and fish eats surplus inferior fruit and flowers and plants and can be sunken to pond bottom and cooperatively form organic fertilizer with mud, periodically reclaims fish The mud formed in the pool is used as the fertilizer of fruit tree.
The fish supported in fish pond can be the common pond fish such as grass carp, grass carp, bream, bighead, silver carp, carp, crucian.
In addition, it can periodically trim the flowers and plants for a variety of species cultivated on orcharding and extract the inferior fruit of fruit tree, by inferior fruit And discarded flowers and plants will be trimmed and be laid under fruit tree as organic fertilizer or biologic ferment fertilizer is formed by fermenting tank for fermentation; Or put into fish pond and feed fish or forage feed poultry, fish are made into its deep processing.
Understood with reference to Figure of description 2, ecological circulation of the invention embodies as follows:
Plant Diversity is formed by the flowers and plants for raising fruit trees and being cultivated around fruit tree a variety of species, so as to attract more elder brothers Worm is entered.The insect in orchard and the insect of human landing catches can act as the forage feed poultry of poultry.Trimming and the flower of harvesting Grass and inferior fruit,(1)The organic fertilizer as fruit tree under fruit tree can be directly layed in;(2)Biology can be formed by fermenting tank for fermentation Ferment fertilizer;(3)Fish pond can be put into and feed fish, fish eats surplus inferior fruit and flowers and plants and can be sunken to pond bottom and be cooperatively formed with mud Organic fertilizer;(4)Can deep processing make forage feed poultry, poultry forms excrement.More than(1)、(2)、(3)、(4)Product can It is used for soil remediation as fertilizer so that soil is more fertile to be more conducive to raise fruit trees and cultivate a greater variety of flowers and plants.Thus Constantly circulation can realize that zero agricultural chemicals is planted, and form diversity of organism, obtain optimal ecological benefits and economic benefit.
The method for planting fruit trees of the present invention passes through ecological system degradation link, pest control link, disease control link energy The extensive planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals are enough effectively realized, and more conducively improve soil by planting for a long time, form soil Microbial population diversity, so as to reach the effect of large area planting fruit trees.Add the link that fowl and Ecological Fish Culture are supported under fruit It is combined with above three links, can more effectively utilizes the product in orchard, realize ecological circulation, obtain optimal Ecological Effect Benefit and economic benefit.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1)Realize that zero agricultural chemicals is extensive, large area planting fruit trees, beneficial to improvement of the ecological environment, form green economy benefit.
(2)Product in orchard can recycle, and economize on resources, and obtain optimal ecological benefits and economic benefit.
The above embodiment of the present invention is only example to illustrate the invention, and is not the implementation to the present invention The restriction of mode.For those of ordinary skill in the field, other can also be made not on the basis of the above description With the change and variation of form, all embodiments can not be exhaustive here.It is every to belong to technical scheme Row of the obvious changes or variations amplified out still in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals, it is characterised in that including following link:
(1)Carry out ecological system degradation:It is orcharding that selection soil layer is deep, irrigates convenient soil, is planted on the orcharding Fruit tree and the flowers and plants that a variety of species are cultivated around fruit tree, Plant Diversity environment is formed to attract multiclass insect to enter;(2)Enter Row pest control:Intentionally insect is prevented and treated for the fruit tree planted and the food chain rule of the insect pest of the fruit tree to reduce Number of pest, improve beneficial insect quantity;(3)Carry out disease control:It is various by the microbial population in improved soil soil Change so as to improve the resistance against diseases of fruit tree;In addition, the fruit tree to have caught an illness is physically separated;(4)Carry out supporting fowl under fruit:According to The natural enemy for the fruit tree planted selects suitable poultry to be positioned over free-ranging under fruit tree;(5)Carry out Ecological Fish Culture:Opened up in orchard Fish is fed in the flowers and plants input fish pond that fish pond, the inferior fruit that fruit tree is forged and trimming are discarded, and periodically reclaims the mud formed in fish pond Fertilizer as fruit tree.
A kind of 2. ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Periodically trimming The flowers and plants for a variety of species cultivated on orcharding and the inferior fruit for extracing fruit tree, the discarded flowers and plants of inferior fruit and trimming are laid on fruit Under tree biologic ferment fertilizer is formed as organic fertilizer or by fermenting tank for fermentation.
A kind of 3. ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Periodically trimming The flowers and plants for a variety of species cultivated on orcharding and the inferior fruit for extracing fruit tree, fish is put into by inferior fruit and by discarded flowers and plants are trimmed Feed fish or forage feed poultry, fish are made into its deep processing in the pool.
A kind of 4. ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Link(2) In insect prevent and treat used method include human landing catches method, color mass trapping, lamp light trapping method, smell mass trapping, Natural enemy trapping.
A kind of 5. ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Trap Insect can be used for keeping fowls.
A kind of 6. ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Link(3) Method used in middle improved soil is that biologic ferment fertilizer and/or bio-organic fertilizer are injected in soil, and make soil has The enhancing of beneficial bacteria population, trace element keep rich and varied property, content of organic matter increase.
A kind of 7. ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Link(3) In the method that is physically separated to the fruit tree that has caught an illness be that the fruit tree to catch an illness is cut off, by excision partially away from orchard Filled or thrown water process.
CN201710969458.1A 2017-10-18 2017-10-18 A kind of ecological circulation method for planting fruit trees of zero agricultural chemicals Pending CN107580954A (en)

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CN108668989A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-10-19 佛山市恒爱网络科技有限公司 A kind of stereo ecological Peasants Joy
CN109566254A (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-04-05 合肥市大邵生态农业有限公司 A kind of method for planting fruit trees that yield can be improved
CN111201942A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-05-29 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所 Flower and plant combination for increasing natural enemies in mulberry field to control pests and application
CN111201941A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-05-29 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所 Flower and plant combination for increasing natural enemies in young tea garden to control pests and application
CN111201940A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-05-29 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所 Flower and plant combination for promoting growth, pest control and yield promotion in apple orchard and application
CN111226680A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-06-05 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所 Flower and plant combination for increasing, controlling pests and promoting yield of kiwi fruit orchard and application
CN111406562A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-07-14 河北省农林科学院昌黎果树研究所 Method for ecologically controlling orchard pests

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108668989A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-10-19 佛山市恒爱网络科技有限公司 A kind of stereo ecological Peasants Joy
CN109566254A (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-04-05 合肥市大邵生态农业有限公司 A kind of method for planting fruit trees that yield can be improved
CN111201942A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-05-29 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所 Flower and plant combination for increasing natural enemies in mulberry field to control pests and application
CN111201941A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-05-29 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所 Flower and plant combination for increasing natural enemies in young tea garden to control pests and application
CN111201940A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-05-29 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所 Flower and plant combination for promoting growth, pest control and yield promotion in apple orchard and application
CN111226680A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-06-05 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所 Flower and plant combination for increasing, controlling pests and promoting yield of kiwi fruit orchard and application
CN111406562A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-07-14 河北省农林科学院昌黎果树研究所 Method for ecologically controlling orchard pests

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