CN108967069A - A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method - Google Patents

A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108967069A
CN108967069A CN201810747924.6A CN201810747924A CN108967069A CN 108967069 A CN108967069 A CN 108967069A CN 201810747924 A CN201810747924 A CN 201810747924A CN 108967069 A CN108967069 A CN 108967069A
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China
Prior art keywords
cucumber
arched shed
melon
yield culture
illumination
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CN201810747924.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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张友红
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张友红
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Priority to CN201810747924.6A priority Critical patent/CN108967069A/en
Publication of CN108967069A publication Critical patent/CN108967069A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/05Fruit crops, e.g. strawberries, tomatoes or cucumbers

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods, and in particular to a kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method, technical problem to be solved are to provide a kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method for being able to extend cucumber fruit offerings time and high yield;Used technical solution are as follows: 1) precocious, the strong and resistance to short of premunition cucumber variety is chosen in seed selection;2) when building arched shed and building arched shed, while a methane-generating pit is built, to provide illumination and heating for arched shed;3) before being colonized after fertilising, planting out and seedling-growing, biogas residue is applied as base fertilizer, cultivated clay fertilizer is ploughed deeply and mixes, carry out field planting seedling;4) field management flowering stage control water, intertillage are loosened the soil, and are inspired root and are promoted to sit melon;Root melon pours after sitting urges melon water, after waiting roots melon to win, is selected in that along ditch to pour diluted biogas slurry in afternoon of fine day primary;Knot melon phase timely insert rack tie up it is climing, prune, prune, pinching;The present invention is widely used in cucumber planting technique field.

Description

A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods, and in particular to a kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method.
Background technique
Cucumber delicacy faint scent, delicious flavour are one of main melon dishes of summer.Cucumber water content is 98%, is contained only micro- The carrotene of amount, vitamin C and few carbohydrate, protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron etc..Cucumber also contains fine cellulose, to promotion The excretion of putrid food and reduction cholesterol, play the role of certain in enteron aisle.It confirms according to the study, the propyl alcohol contained in fresh cucumbers Diacid can inhibit glucide to be changed into fat, and to overweight and the people for having lipophilia, eat cucumber has the good of weight-reducing more Place.The more bitter tastes in cucumber head, bitter principle are cucurbitacin C, and zoopery confirms, this substance has apparent antitumor work With toxicity is lower.In recent years, people have found again, cucumber stem has apparent expansion blood vessel, reducing heart rate, reduce cholesterol and Antihypertensive effect, and have no adverse reaction.Cucumber cleans with Fresh Cucumber Juice and protects skin or use there are also a kind of special cosmetology function The cucumber smashed to pieces unfolds wrinkle, all rather effectively.Traditional Chinese medicine thinks that cucumber is sweet in flavor and cold in property, there is heat-clearing, diuresis, dehumidifying, cunning The effect of intestines, lipid-loweringing, weight-reducing.
The effect of due to cucumber, is more, so that cucumber in daily life can not only be edible as vegetables, additionally it is possible to make It is edible for fruit.More and more people like edible cucumber, and the fruit offerings time of cucumber is not still able to satisfy the need of people at present It asks.
Summary of the invention
The invention overcomes the deficiencies of the prior art, and provides one kind can ahead of time or delay the cucumber fruit offerings time and The arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method of high yield.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention are as follows: a kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method, The following steps are included:
1) precocious, the strong and resistance to short of premunition cucumber variety is chosen in seed selection;
2) when building arched shed and building arched shed, while a methane-generating pit is built, to provide illumination and heating for arched shed;
3) before being colonized after fertilising, planting out and seedling-growing, biogas residue is applied as base fertilizer, cultivated clay fertilizer is ploughed deeply and mixes, carry out field planting seedling;
4) field management flowering stage control water, intertillage are loosened the soil, and are inspired root and are promoted to sit melon;Root melon pours after sitting urges melon water, and roots melon is waited to win Afterwards, it is selected in that along ditch to pour diluted biogas slurry in afternoon of fine day primary;Knot melon phase timely insert rack tie up it is climing, prune, prune, pinching.
The cucumber variety is that saliva is No. 1 excellent, Jin Dongke profit 99, garden Feng Yuan 6, Jinyou No.10, saliva educate No. 9 and old farmer 168 One of.
In the arched shed, 10 days before bearing fruit, extend light application time 40-90 minutes daily, illumination is in 500-800 Le gram This.
10 days illumination supplements before the phase of bearing fruit, the prolongation is in early night mean allocation.
The biogas residue applies 3000-4000kg per acre.
The biogas slurry extension rate is 30-100 times.
In Cultivate administration, general spring canopy cucumber is colonized in mid or late March, is colonized after autumn stubble in mid or late August.Have in time Disinfection, pays attention to ventilation dewetting, reinforces pre- preventing disease and pest in the carry out canopy of effect, in the timely medication prevention and treatment of disease initial stage.
Last picking in due course, picking in time, prevent and treat big melon pendant seedling.
When illumination deficiency, also openable biogas lamp is plant supplementary light.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the method for the arched shed plantation that the present invention uses, it can Ahead of time or time of fruit offerings is delayed, increases yield, reduce the amount of application of chemical fertilizer.First is that spring stubble can mention using precocious kind It early goes public, autumn stubble extends the picking time of cucumber.Second is that building a methane generating pit, fertilizer can be provided for plantation, be applied before field planting Biogas residue is as base fertilizer, after root melon is won, a biogas slurry is poured in ditch, can meet the nutrition of plant;Biogas residue has more complete Nutrient and organic matter, humic acid are conducive to the activity of edaphon and the formation of soil aggregate structure;There are many containing in biogas slurry Metal ion microelement is easy to penetrate into the cell, also contains a large amount of crude protein, crude fibre, coarse ash;Biogas can be arch Canopy provides illumination and heating.Third is that improving the light application time of cucumber, and intensity is controlled, keeps cucumber growing way good, sugar-preserved gourd is straight, long 2- It is primary that melon can be plucked within 3 days, spring stubble cucumber can list ahead of time, and that cultivates after autumn stubble extends cucumber picking time.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method, comprising the following steps:
1) precocious, the strong and resistance to short of premunition cucumber variety (excellent No. 1 of saliva) is chosen in seed selection;
2) when building arched shed and building arched shed, while a methane-generating pit is built, to provide illumination and heating for arched shed;
3) before being colonized after fertilising, planting out and seedling-growing, biogas residue is applied as base fertilizer, and the biogas residue applies 3000-4000kg per acre, deep Clay fertilizer mixing is turned over, field planting seedling is carried out;
4) field management flowering stage control water, intertillage are loosened the soil, and are inspired root and are promoted to sit melon;Root melon pours after sitting urges melon water, and roots melon is waited to win Afterwards, it is selected in and pours that diluted biogas slurry is primary, and the biogas slurry extension rate is 30 times along ditch in afternoon of fine day;Knot melon phase timely insert rack is tied up It is climing, prune, prune, pinching.
In the arched shed, 10 days before bearing fruit, extend light application time daily, illumination is in the lux 500-800.It is described to bear fruit The preceding supplement of illumination in 10 days, the prolongation, morning, evening post sunset 20 divided 20 minutes before sunrise in early night mean allocation Clock.
Embodiment 2
1) precocious, the strong and resistance to short of premunition cucumber variety (garden Feng Yuan 6) is chosen in seed selection;
2) when building arched shed and building arched shed, while a methane-generating pit is built, to provide illumination and heating for arched shed;
3) before being colonized after fertilising, planting out and seedling-growing, biogas residue is applied as base fertilizer, and the biogas residue applies 3000-4000kg per acre, deep Clay fertilizer mixing is turned over, field planting seedling is carried out;
4) field management flowering stage control water, intertillage are loosened the soil, and are inspired root and are promoted to sit melon;Root melon pours after sitting urges melon water, and roots melon is waited to win Afterwards, it is selected in and pours that diluted biogas slurry is primary, and the biogas slurry extension rate is 100 times along ditch in afternoon of fine day;Tie melon phase timely insert rack Tie up it is climing, prune, prune, pinching.
In the arched shed, 10 days before bearing fruit, extend light application time daily, illumination is in the lux 500-800.It is described to bear fruit The preceding supplement of illumination in 10 days, the prolongation, morning, evening post sunset 45 divided 45 minutes before sunrise in early night mean allocation Clock.
Embodiment 3
A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method, comprising the following steps:
1) precocious, the strong and resistance to short of premunition cucumber variety (Jinyou No.10) is chosen in seed selection;
2) when building arched shed and building arched shed, while a methane-generating pit is built, to provide illumination and heating for arched shed;
3) before being colonized after fertilising, planting out and seedling-growing, biogas residue is applied as base fertilizer, and the biogas residue applies 3000-4000kg per acre, deep Clay fertilizer mixing is turned over, field planting seedling is carried out;
4) field management flowering stage control water, intertillage are loosened the soil, and are inspired root and are promoted to sit melon;Root melon pours after sitting urges melon water, and roots melon is waited to win Afterwards, it is selected in and pours that diluted biogas slurry is primary, and the biogas slurry extension rate is 50 times along ditch in afternoon of fine day;Knot melon phase timely insert rack is tied up It is climing, prune, prune, pinching.
In the arched shed, 10 days before bearing fruit, extend light application time daily, illumination is in the lux 500-800.It is described to bear fruit The preceding supplement of illumination in 10 days, the prolongation, morning, evening post sunset 30 divided 30 minutes before sunrise in early night mean allocation Clock.
Embodiment 4
A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method, comprising the following steps:
1) precocious, the strong and resistance to short of premunition cucumber variety (old farmer 168) is chosen in seed selection;
2) when building arched shed and building arched shed, while a methane-generating pit is built, to provide illumination and heating for arched shed;
3) before being colonized after fertilising, planting out and seedling-growing, biogas residue is applied as base fertilizer, and the biogas residue applies 3000-4000kg per acre, deep Clay fertilizer mixing is turned over, field planting seedling is carried out;
4) field management flowering stage control water, intertillage are loosened the soil, and are inspired root and are promoted to sit melon;Root melon pours after sitting urges melon water, and roots melon is waited to win Afterwards, it is selected in and pours that diluted biogas slurry is primary, and the biogas slurry extension rate is 40 times along ditch in afternoon of fine day;Knot melon phase timely insert rack is tied up It is climing, prune, prune, pinching.
In the arched shed, 10 days before bearing fruit, extend light application time daily, illumination is in the lux 500-800.It is described to bear fruit The preceding supplement of illumination in 10 days, the prolongation, morning, evening post sunset 40 divided 40 minutes before sunrise in early night mean allocation Clock.
Embodiment 5
A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method, comprising the following steps:
1) precocious, the strong and resistance to short of premunition cucumber variety is chosen in seed selection (saliva educates No. 9);
2) when building arched shed and building arched shed, while a methane-generating pit is built, to provide illumination and heating for arched shed;
3) before being colonized after fertilising, planting out and seedling-growing, biogas residue is applied as base fertilizer, and the biogas residue applies 3000-4000kg per acre, deep Clay fertilizer mixing is turned over, field planting seedling is carried out;
4) field management flowering stage control water, intertillage are loosened the soil, and are inspired root and are promoted to sit melon;Root melon pours after sitting urges melon water, and roots melon is waited to win Afterwards, it is selected in and pours that diluted biogas slurry is primary, and the biogas slurry extension rate is 60 times along ditch in afternoon of fine day;Knot melon phase timely insert rack is tied up It is climing, prune, prune, pinching.
In the arched shed, 10 days before bearing fruit, extend light application time daily, illumination is in the lux 500-800.It is described to bear fruit The preceding supplement of illumination in 10 days, the prolongation, morning, evening post sunset 30 divided 30 minutes before sunrise in early night mean allocation Clock.
Embodiment 6
A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method, comprising the following steps:
1) precocious, the strong and resistance to short of premunition cucumber variety (Jin Dongke profit 99) is chosen in seed selection;
2) when building arched shed and building arched shed, while a methane-generating pit is built, to provide illumination and heating for arched shed;
3) before being colonized after fertilising, planting out and seedling-growing, biogas residue is applied as base fertilizer, and the biogas residue applies 3000-4000kg per acre, deep Clay fertilizer mixing is turned over, field planting seedling is carried out;
4) field management flowering stage control water, intertillage are loosened the soil, and are inspired root and are promoted to sit melon;Root melon pours after sitting urges melon water, and roots melon is waited to win Afterwards, it is selected in and pours that diluted biogas slurry is primary, and the biogas slurry extension rate is 80 times along ditch in afternoon of fine day;Knot melon phase timely insert rack is tied up It is climing, prune, prune, pinching.
In the arched shed, 10 days before bearing fruit, extend light application time daily, illumination is in the lux 500-800.It is described to bear fruit The preceding supplement of illumination in 10 days, the prolongation, morning, evening post sunset 30 divided 30 minutes before sunrise in early night mean allocation Clock.
Above embodiment is merely exemplary to illustrate the principle of the present invention and its effect, and is not intended to limit the present invention.For Person skilled in the art all without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, modifies above-described embodiment or is improved.Cause This, institute is complete without departing from the spirit and technical ideas disclosed in the present invention by tool usually intellectual in all act technical fields At all equivalent modifications or change, should be covered by the claims of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method, which comprises the following steps:
1) precocious, the strong and resistance to short of premunition cucumber variety is chosen in seed selection;
2) when building arched shed and building arched shed, while a methane-generating pit is built, to provide illumination and heating for arched shed;
3) before being colonized after fertilising, planting out and seedling-growing, biogas residue is applied as base fertilizer, cultivated clay fertilizer is ploughed deeply and mixes, carry out field planting seedling;
4) field management flowering stage control water, intertillage are loosened the soil, and are inspired root and are promoted to sit melon;Root melon pours after sitting urges melon water, and roots melon is waited to win Afterwards, it is selected in that along ditch to pour diluted biogas slurry in afternoon of fine day primary;Knot melon phase timely insert rack tie up it is climing, prune, prune, pinching.
2. a kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cucumber variety is saliva Excellent No. 1, Jin Dongke profit 99, garden Feng Yuan 6, Jinyou No.10, saliva educate one of No. 9 and old farmer 168.
3. a kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the arched shed, sitting 10 days before fruit, extend light application time 40-90 minutes daily, illumination is in the lux 500-800.
4. a kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method according to claim 3, which is characterized in that described to bear fruit first 10 days Illumination supplement, the prolongation is in early night mean allocation.
5. a kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the biogas residue is per acre Apply 3000-4000kg.
6. a kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the biogas slurry dilution Multiple is 30-100 times.
CN201810747924.6A 2018-07-10 2018-07-10 A kind of arched shed Cucumber High-yield Culture method Pending CN108967069A (en)

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CN103430680A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-11 江苏神舟农业科技有限公司 Fertilizing method by utilizing biogas manure in vegetable cultivation
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CN104855122A (en) * 2015-06-14 2015-08-26 六安市裕南春蔬果种植专业合作社 Organic cucumber planting method
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