CN102612975A - Method for applying biogas manure in vegetable farming - Google Patents

Method for applying biogas manure in vegetable farming Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102612975A
CN102612975A CN2012101219093A CN201210121909A CN102612975A CN 102612975 A CN102612975 A CN 102612975A CN 2012101219093 A CN2012101219093 A CN 2012101219093A CN 201210121909 A CN201210121909 A CN 201210121909A CN 102612975 A CN102612975 A CN 102612975A
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China
Prior art keywords
natural pond
seed
vegetables
vegetable
soil
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Pending
Application number
CN2012101219093A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高健浩
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JIANSU TIANNIANG AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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JIANSU TIANNIANG AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012101219093A priority Critical patent/CN102612975A/en
Publication of CN102612975A publication Critical patent/CN102612975A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for applying biogas mature in vegetable farming. The method comprises the following steps of: preparing nutritive soil; soaking seeds by using biogas slurry; taking the biogas slurry as a base fertilizer; and performing top application by using biogas slurry. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps of: preparing the nutritive soil: adopting biogas residues which are high in rotten degree and fine in textures, ensuring that the using amount of the biogas residues is 20 to 30 percent of the total amount of a mixture, and mixing with 50 to 60 percent of field soil and the like; preparing land for bedding and digging for fertilizing: ploughing, harrowing, leveling land, bedding according to specifications of the border width of 100cm, border height of 12-15cm, ditch width of 35cm and border length of not more than 10m, and digging holes according to different varieties; putting the seeds into a gauze bag with high permeability, fastening the bag mouth by using a rope, adding into the biogas slurry, and soaking for 2 to 6 hours; applying 1,800 to 3,200kg of biogas slurry serving as the base fertilizer in each 667 square meters of land; and in a growth period of vegetables, sprinkling or spraying on leaves at any time.

Description

Utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in a kind of vegetable growing
Technical field
ThisInvention relates to a kind of fertilizing method, utilizes the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in especially a kind of vegetable growing.
Background technology
Natural pond fertilizer is made up of natural pond liquid and natural pond slag.Natural pond liquid and control slag and be generically and collectively referred to as natural pond fertilizer is the products of living beings through the biogas generating pit anaerobic fermentation.According to surveying and determination, contain nutritive elements such as abundant nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, calcium in the liquid of natural pond.Except that containing mentioned component, also contain organic matter, humic acid etc. in the slag of natural pond.Research and analyse through relevant department, the total nitrogen content in the fertilizer of natural pond is than the fertile raising 40%~60% of stack retting, and full phosphorus is than the fertile high 40%-50% of stack retting, and full potassium is than the fertile high 80%-90% of stack retting, and the crop utilization rate is than the fertile raising of stack retting 10%-20%.In addition, also contain trace element and 17 seed amino acids and multiple microorganism and enzyme in natural pond liquid and the natural pond slag,, and prevent and treat some crop disease and insect remarkable effect is arranged the metabolism of promotion crop and poultry, fowl, fish.In agricultural production, natural pond liquid and natural pond slag be usually used in seed soaking, foliar application, insect protected, feed pigs, potted plant, plant oranges and tangerines, plant pears, plant watermelon, plant vegetables, non-irrigated scholar have long-pending, plant paddy rice, plant flue-cured tobacco, cultivate peanut, breed fish, cultured mushroom, breeding earthworm etc.Natural pond liquid and trick slag for comprehensive utilize technology promoting increasing peasant income, realize agriculture nuisanceless production, just play an increasingly important role in the construction of rural well-off society.
Natural pond fertilizer also contains trace elements such as boron that crop growth is played an important role, copper, iron, manganese, calcium, zinc except containing elements such as abundant nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and great number of organic matters, several amino acids and vitamin etc.Use natural pond fertilizer, can not only improve the soil significantly, guarantee the excellent micro-ecological environment that crop growth is required, also help its freeze proof, drought-resistant ability of enhancing, reduce damage by disease and insect.
Summary of the invention
One of the object of the invention is realized through following technical scheme, utilizes the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in a kind of vegetable growing, may further comprise the steps:
Preparation nutrition soil: natural pond slag comprehensive nutrition can fully be used for the preparation of vegetable seedlings nutritious soil.With natural pond slag preparation nutrition soil, should adopt the natural pond slag that rotten degree is good, quality is fine and smooth, its consumption accounts for 20% ~ 30% of amount of the mixture, mixes 50% ~ 60% land for growing field crops soil, 5% ~ 10% wood sawdust, 0.1% ~ 0.2% urea and potassium dihydrogen phosphate again and gets final product.With the nutrition seedlings and soil of natural pond slag preparation, can prevent and treat vegetables damping off, fusarium wilt and damping off and soil insect effectively.The bedding of whole ground, dig the fertilizer of spreading manuer in holes: after turning over the whole soil of raking, generally adopting specification is the wide 100cm of furrow; High 12 ~ the 15cm of furrow, furrow width 35cm, furrow length is no more than 10m; Look the kind difference and dig the cave; During shoot transplanting equipment, every 667m2 applies in the planting pit with the natural pond slag 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and carries out field planting after the garden mould that digs out in the cave mixes with opening.To adopting the vegetables of program request or establishing in large scale; Base manure generally adopts row replacement bar broadcasting method for vegetable category, and for example pumpkin, wax gourd, cucumber, tomato etc. generally adopt the big fertile method in big cave; Every 667m2 applies in the cave after with natural pond slag 3000kg, superphosphate 35kg, ash 100kg and an amount of domestic garbage mixing; Cover the garden mould of the about 5 ~ 10cm of a bed thickness, water permeablely after the field planting immediately, in time cover straw or straw.Natural pond liquid seed soaking: before the seed soaking, vegetable seeds is fully dried, to improve the water absorbing capacity of seed; And kill the part germ, then seed is packed in the good gauze bag of permeability, after sack is frapped; Drop into and normally use in the natural pond liquid that dilutes 10 times more than 50 days in the biogas generating pit; Under 15 ~ 18 ℃ situation, the gourd vegetables seed soaks was advisable in 2 ~ 4 hours, and the solanaceous vegetables seed is to soak 4 ~ 6 hours; When making base manure per 667 square metres with 1800~3200 kilograms, when turning over, be sprinkled into, also can before transplanting, adopt row replacement or spread manuer in holes; When topdressing earlier at vegetables next door trench digging or dig the cave, earthing immediately after the fertilising, the vegetables of adopting transplanting seedlings; Base manure topdresses to spread manuer in holes: during vegetable growth, can drench at any time and execute or foliage-spray; Per 667 square metres of pouring are executed 1800~3200 kilograms; Fertilising should be in the morning or carried out at dusk, sunlight strong with should not apply fertilizer noon hot summer, in order to avoid nutriment in a fertilizer is lost and burn vegetables blade face and root system; Foliage spray sprays, and natural pond liquid is clarification filtration formerly, and consumption is advisable to be sprayed onto the blade face and to be covered with trickle cloud point and not trickle, and note should not spraying noon hot summer, and the rainy day should not spray.Topdress with the natural pond slag, use immediately after can not going out the pond, generally will outside the pond, deposit 5 ~ 7 days; Cover the time of piling up about 10 days with plastic film, let it fully become thoroughly decomposed after, before facility button film, apply; Detain the vexed canopy of film then about 10 days, thoroughly planting vegetable again after the ventilation.
Embodiment
Below will carry out detailed description to the preferred embodiments of the present invention; Should be appreciated that preferred embodiment has been merely explanation the present invention, rather than in order to limit protection scope of the present invention.
Preparation nutrition soil: natural pond slag comprehensive nutrition can fully be used for the preparation of vegetable seedlings nutritious soil.With natural pond slag preparation nutrition soil, should adopt the natural pond slag that rotten degree is good, quality is fine and smooth, its consumption accounts for 20% ~ 30% of amount of the mixture, mixes 50% ~ 60% land for growing field crops soil, 5% ~ 10% wood sawdust, 0.1% ~ 0.2% urea and potassium dihydrogen phosphate again and gets final product.With the nutrition seedlings and soil of natural pond slag preparation, can prevent and treat vegetables damping off, fusarium wilt and damping off and soil insect effectively.The bedding of whole ground, dig the fertilizer of spreading manuer in holes: after turning over the whole soil of raking, generally adopting specification is the wide 100cm of furrow; High 12 ~ the 15cm of furrow, furrow width 35cm, furrow length is no more than 10m; Look the kind difference and dig the cave; During shoot transplanting equipment, every 667m2 applies in the planting pit with the natural pond slag 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, and carries out field planting after the garden mould that digs out in the cave mixes with opening.To adopting the vegetables of program request or establishing in large scale; Base manure generally adopts row replacement bar broadcasting method for vegetable category, and for example pumpkin, wax gourd, cucumber, tomato etc. generally adopt the big fertile method in big cave; Every 667m2 applies in the cave after with natural pond slag 3000kg, superphosphate 35kg, ash 100kg and an amount of domestic garbage mixing; Cover the garden mould of the about 5 ~ 10cm of a bed thickness, water permeablely after the field planting immediately, in time cover straw or straw.Natural pond liquid seed soaking: before the seed soaking, vegetable seeds such as pumpkin, wax gourd, cucumber, tomato are fully dried, to improve the water absorbing capacity of seed; And kill the part germ, then seed is packed in the good gauze bag of permeability, after sack is frapped; Drop into and normally use in the natural pond liquid that dilutes 10 times more than 50 days in the biogas generating pit; Under 15 ~ 18 ℃ situation, the gourd vegetables seed soaks was advisable in 2 ~ 4 hours, and the solanaceous vegetables seed is to soak 4 ~ 6 hours; When making base manure per 667 square metres with 1800~3200 kilograms, when turning over, be sprinkled into, also can before transplanting, adopt row replacement or spread manuer in holes; When topdressing earlier at vegetables next door trench digging or dig the cave, earthing immediately after the fertilising, the vegetables of adopting transplanting seedlings; Base manure topdresses to spread manuer in holes: during vegetable growth, can drench at any time and execute or foliage-spray; Per 667 square metres of pouring are executed 1800~3200 kilograms; Fertilising should be in the morning or carried out at dusk, sunlight strong with should not apply fertilizer noon hot summer, in order to avoid nutriment in a fertilizer is lost and burn vegetables blade face and root system; Foliage spray sprays, and natural pond liquid is clarification filtration formerly, and consumption is advisable to be sprayed onto the blade face and to be covered with trickle cloud point and not trickle, and note should not spraying noon hot summer, and the rainy day should not spray.Fruit-setting rate, ripening rate in order to improve melon-fruit-like vegetable improve its yield and quality, when squaring period, florescence and fruit expanding period are topdressed, can in the liquid of natural pond, add 3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate.Topdress with the natural pond slag, use immediately after can not going out the pond, generally will outside the pond, deposit 5 ~ 7 days; Cover the time of piling up about 10 days with plastic film, let it fully become thoroughly decomposed after, before facility button film, apply; Detain the vexed canopy of film then about 10 days, thoroughly planting vegetable again after the ventilation.

Claims (3)

1. utilize the fertile method of applying fertilizer in natural pond in a vegetable growing, comprise that natural pond liquid seed soaking, natural pond liquid topdress as base manure, natural pond liquid, it is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) preparation nutrition soil: adopt the natural pond slag that rotten degree is good, quality is fine and smooth, its consumption accounts for 20% ~ 30% of amount of the mixture, mixes 50% ~ 60% land for growing field crops soil, 5% ~ 10% wood sawdust, 0.1% ~ 0.2% urea and potassium dihydrogen phosphate again;
(2) whole ground bedding, dig the fertilizer of spreading manuer in holes: after turning over the whole soil of raking, generally adopting specification is the wide 100cm of furrow, the high 12 ~ 15cm of furrow, furrow width 35cm, furrow length is no more than 10m, looks the kind difference and digs the cave;
(3) natural pond liquid seed soaking: seed is packed in the good gauze bag of permeability, after sack is frapped, drop in the liquid of natural pond, under 15 ~ 18 ℃ situation, the gourd vegetables seed soaks was advisable in 2 ~ 4 hours, and the solanaceous vegetables seed is to soak 4 ~ 6 hours;
(4) make base manure: per 667 square metres with 1800~3200 kilograms, when turning over, be sprinkled into, also can before transplanting, adopt row replacement or spread manuer in holes; When topdressing earlier at vegetables next door trench digging or dig the cave; Earthing immediately after the fertilising, the vegetables of adopting transplanting seedlings, base manure is to spread manuer in holes;
(5) topdress: during vegetable growth; Can drench at any time and execute or foliage-spray, per 667 square metres of pouring are executed 1800~3200 kilograms, and fertilising should in the morning or be carried out at dusk; Sunlight strong with should not apply fertilizer noon hot summer, in order to avoid nutriment in a fertilizer is lost and burn vegetables blade face and root system; Foliage spray sprays, and natural pond liquid is clarification filtration formerly, and consumption is advisable to be sprayed onto the blade face and to be covered with trickle cloud point and not trickle, and note should not spraying noon hot summer, and the rainy day should not spray.
2. utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in the vegetable growing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: before the seed soaking, vegetable seeds is fully dried; To improve the water absorbing capacity of seed; And kill the part germ, then seed is packed in the good gauze bag of permeability, after sack is frapped; Drop into and normally use in the natural pond liquid that dilutes 10 times more than 50 days in the biogas generating pit; Under 15 ~ 18 ℃ situation, the gourd vegetables seed soaks was advisable in 2 ~ 4 hours, and the solanaceous vegetables seed is to soak 4 ~ 6 hours.
3. utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in the vegetable growing as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: topdress with the natural pond slag, use immediately after can not going out the pond; Generally to outside the pond, deposit 5 ~ 7 days; Cover the time of piling up about 10 days with plastic film, let it fully become thoroughly decomposed after, before facility button film, apply; Detain the vexed canopy of film then about 10 days, thoroughly planting vegetable again after the ventilation.
CN2012101219093A 2012-04-25 2012-04-25 Method for applying biogas manure in vegetable farming Pending CN102612975A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102812833A (en) * 2012-08-09 2012-12-12 常州苏农奶牛专业合作社联社 Technology for planning organic crop by using biogas slurry
CN102972135A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-03-20 田欢 Fertilizing method for peanuts
CN102972137A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-03-20 田欢 Fertilizing method for cotton
CN102972136A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-03-20 田欢 Fertilizing method for paddy rice
CN103114039A (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-05-22 广州天壤生物科技有限公司 Biological agent capable of repairing heavy metal contaminated soil and soil remediation method
CN105315031A (en) * 2014-07-10 2016-02-10 黄玉珍 Biogas residue nutrient soil and production method thereof
CN105638153A (en) * 2014-11-10 2016-06-08 王玉红 Large-area high-yielding cultivation method for traditional Chinese medicinal material, i.e., radix bupleuri
CN105669301A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-06-15 湖南省爱可思生态农业科技有限公司 Planting method for green vegetables
CN105875002A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-08-24 江苏省农业科学院 Biogas slurry, water and fertilizer integrated safe application method for protected cucumbers
CN107517710A (en) * 2017-09-15 2017-12-29 韦健 A kind of seedling-raising technique of devilpepper

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102812833A (en) * 2012-08-09 2012-12-12 常州苏农奶牛专业合作社联社 Technology for planning organic crop by using biogas slurry
CN102972135A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-03-20 田欢 Fertilizing method for peanuts
CN102972137A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-03-20 田欢 Fertilizing method for cotton
CN102972136A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-03-20 田欢 Fertilizing method for paddy rice
CN103114039A (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-05-22 广州天壤生物科技有限公司 Biological agent capable of repairing heavy metal contaminated soil and soil remediation method
CN105315031A (en) * 2014-07-10 2016-02-10 黄玉珍 Biogas residue nutrient soil and production method thereof
CN105638153A (en) * 2014-11-10 2016-06-08 王玉红 Large-area high-yielding cultivation method for traditional Chinese medicinal material, i.e., radix bupleuri
CN105669301A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-06-15 湖南省爱可思生态农业科技有限公司 Planting method for green vegetables
CN105875002A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-08-24 江苏省农业科学院 Biogas slurry, water and fertilizer integrated safe application method for protected cucumbers
CN107517710A (en) * 2017-09-15 2017-12-29 韦健 A kind of seedling-raising technique of devilpepper

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