CN103430763A - Cultivation method for vegetable - Google Patents

Cultivation method for vegetable Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103430763A
CN103430763A CN201310427114XA CN201310427114A CN103430763A CN 103430763 A CN103430763 A CN 103430763A CN 201310427114X A CN201310427114X A CN 201310427114XA CN 201310427114 A CN201310427114 A CN 201310427114A CN 103430763 A CN103430763 A CN 103430763A
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China
Prior art keywords
natural pond
vegetable
seed
furrow
vegetables
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Pending
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CN201310427114XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭津
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彭津
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Priority to CN201310427114XA priority Critical patent/CN103430763A/en
Publication of CN103430763A publication Critical patent/CN103430763A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for utilizing and applying biogas manure in vegetable growing. The method comprises the following steps of: (1) preparing nutrient soil; (2) digging holes for applying the manure; (3) immersing seeds with biogas slurry; (4) using as a base fertilizer; (5) using as an additional fertilizer. The method disclosed by the method has the advantages that by application of the biogas manure, not only can the soil be obviously improved and good micro-ecological environment needed for growth of crops be ensured, but also the method is beneficial to enhancing the freezing resistance and drought resistance and reducing diseases and pests.

Description

The cultivation method of a kind of vegetables
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fertilizing method, specifically in a kind of vegetable growing, utilize the method for organic fertilizer.
Background technology
The green source organic fertilizer that increases is exactly by bio-active group---organic acid (by rice husk or chaff in circular smouldering furnace through 200 othe C internal combustion, the flue gas that absorption discharges, be cooled to oily liquids under certain condition, this liquid is called for short " vexed distillate ") and 12 kinds of essential mineral nutrient elements (macroelement N, P, K of plant, moderate-element Mg, S and micro-Fe, B, Zn, Cu, Mo, Mn, Se) and the selenium element that is called as " anticancer king " that also needs of plant growth, soluble in water, a kind of multielement formed through the effect complexing of edible-type chelating agent, organic and inorganic, containing chemohormonal water-soluble composite liquid fertilizer.
In agricultural production, natural pond fertilizer is usually used in seed soaking, foliar application, insect protected, feeds pigs, potted plant, planting fruit-trees, kind vegetables, plant paddy rice, breed fish, cultured mushroom, breeding earthworm etc., to promoting the metabolism of crop and poultry, fowl, fish, and prevent and treat some crop disease and insect remarkable effect is arranged.Now, the fertile comprehensive utilization technique in natural pond, promoting increasing peasant income, is realized agriculture nuisanceless production, in construction of rural well-off society, plays an increasingly important role.But, while adopting the traditional fertilization method, Ye, natural pond, natural pond slag is not separately rationally utilized, could not give full play to fertilizer efficiency.
Summary of the invention
For above problem, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of utilize organic fertilizer in vegetable growing method, that the green source organic fertilizer that increases is exactly by bio-active group---the essential 12 kinds of mineral nutrient elements (N, P, K, Mg, S, Fe, B, Zn, Cu, Mo, Mn, Se) of organic acid and plant are soluble in water, through the effect complexing of edible-type chelating agent, form a kind of organic and inorganic, containing chemohormonal water-soluble composite liquid fertilizer.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in the following ways: utilize the method for organic fertilizer in a kind of vegetable growing, comprise the following steps: 1) preparation Nutrition Soil, 2) caving & fertilizing, 3) natural pond immersion kind, 4) as base manure, 5) as topdressing; It is characterized in that:
1), preparation Nutrition Soil: with organic fertilizer, prepare Nutrition Soil, adopt the organic fertilizer that rotten degree is good, quality is fine and smooth, its consumption accounts for 20%~30% of amount of the mixture, then mixes 50%~60% land for growing field crops soil, 5%~10% wood sawdust, 0.1%~0.2% urea and potassium dihydrogen phosphate and mix thoroughly and get final product;
2), caving & fertilizing: do furrow after turning over the whole soil of raking, adopt the wide 100cm of furrow, the high 12~15cm of furrow, furrow width 35cm specification, furrow length is no more than 10m; Dig cave depending on the kind difference, during shoot transplanting equipment, every 667m 2apply in planting pit with the natural pond slag 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, carry out field planting with opening after the garden mould dug out in cave mixes;
3), seed soaking: before seed soaking, vegetable seeds is fully dried, to improve the water absorbing capacity of seed, and carrying out seed disinfection, the seed that then will process is packed in the good gauze bag of permeability, after sack is frapped, drop into and normally use more than 50 days in the natural pond liquid that dilutes 10 times in biogas generating pit, in the situation that 15~18 ℃, the gourd vegetables seed soaks 2~4 hours, and the solanaceous vegetables seed soaks 4~6 hours;
4), as base manure: to the vegetables of program request or establishing in large scale, base manure row replacement drilling, also can be when turning over.
The present invention, consume superfluous rice husk discarded object, itself is exactly to solve the pollution of rice husk to environment, directly produces obvious ecological benefits.Without " three wastes " discharge, and can not cause damage in various degree to soil because of having used fertilizer in process of producing product, conservation of nature ecotope and resident healthy had to permanent ecological benefits.Guarantee the excellent micro-ecological environment that crop growth is required, also help and strengthen its freeze proof, drought-resistant ability, reduce damage by disease and insect.
Embodiment
Utilize the method for organic fertilizer in a kind of vegetable growing, comprise the following steps: 1) preparation Nutrition Soil, 2) caving & fertilizing, 3) natural pond immersion kind, 4) as base manure, 5) as topdressing; It is characterized in that:
1), preparation Nutrition Soil: with organic fertilizer, prepare Nutrition Soil, adopt the organic fertilizer that rotten degree is good, quality is fine and smooth, its consumption accounts for 20%~30% of amount of the mixture, then mixes 50%~60% land for growing field crops soil, 5%~10% wood sawdust, 0.1%~0.2% urea and potassium dihydrogen phosphate and mix thoroughly and get final product;
2), caving & fertilizing: do furrow after turning over the whole soil of raking, adopt the wide 100cm of furrow, the high 12~15cm of furrow, furrow width 35cm specification, furrow length is no more than 10m; Dig cave depending on the kind difference, during shoot transplanting equipment, every 667m 2apply in planting pit with the natural pond slag 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, carry out field planting with opening after the garden mould dug out in cave mixes;
3), seed soaking: before seed soaking, vegetable seeds is fully dried, to improve the water absorbing capacity of seed, and carrying out seed disinfection, the seed that then will process is packed in the good gauze bag of permeability, after sack is frapped, drop into and normally use more than 50 days in the natural pond liquid that dilutes 10 times in biogas generating pit, in the situation that 15~18 ℃, the gourd vegetables seed soaks 2~4 hours, and the solanaceous vegetables seed soaks 4~6 hours;
4), as base manure: to the vegetables of program request or establishing in large scale, base manure row replacement drilling, also can be when turning over.

Claims (3)

1. utilize the fertile method of applying fertilizer in natural pond in a vegetable growing, comprise the following steps: 1) preparation Nutrition Soil, 2) caving & fertilizing, 3) natural pond immersion kind, 4) as base manure, 5) as topdressing; It is characterized in that:
1), preparation Nutrition Soil: with natural pond slag preparation Nutrition Soil, adopt the natural pond slag that rotten degree is good, quality is fine and smooth, its consumption accounts for 20%~30% of amount of the mixture, then mixes 50%~60% land for growing field crops soil, 5%~10% wood sawdust, 0.1%~0.2% urea and potassium dihydrogen phosphate and mix thoroughly and get final product;
2), caving & fertilizing: do furrow after turning over the whole soil of raking, adopt the wide 100cm of furrow, the high 12~15cm of furrow, furrow width 35cm specification, furrow length is no more than 10m; Dig cave depending on the kind difference, during shoot transplanting equipment, every 667m 2apply in planting pit with the natural pond slag 2000kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, carry out field planting with opening after the garden mould dug out in cave mixes;
3), natural pond immersion kind: before seed soaking, vegetable seeds is fully dried, to improve the water absorbing capacity of seed, and carrying out seed disinfection, the seed that then will process is packed in the good gauze bag of permeability, after sack is frapped, drop into and normally use more than 50 days in the natural pond liquid that dilutes 10 times in biogas generating pit, in the situation that 15~18 ℃, the gourd vegetables seed soaks 2~4 hours, and the solanaceous vegetables seed soaks 4~6 hours;
4), as base manure: to the vegetables of program request or establishing in large scale, base manure row replacement drilling also can be sprinkled into when turning over, every 667m 2execute 1800~3200kg, adopt the vegetables of transplanting seedlings, row replacement or spread manuer in holes before transplanting;
5), as topdressing: topdress with the natural pond slag, deposit outside pond 5~7 days, cover the time of piling up 10 days with plastic film, after allowing it fully become thoroughly decomposed, applied before the facility buckle film, the vexed canopy of buckle film 10 days, planting vegetable again after thorough ventilation; During vegetable growth, to drench at any time and execute or foliage-spray, foliage spray sprays, and natural pond liquid is wanted first clarification filtration, and consumption does not trickle and is advisable to be sprayed onto blade face and to be covered with trickle cloud point, every 667 m 21800~3200 kg are executed in pouring, and fertilising should be in the morning or be carried out at dusk, and the rainy day should not spray, and sunlight is strong and should not apply fertilizer noon hot summer, in order to avoid nutriment in a fertilizer is lost and burn vegetables blade face and root system.
2. utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in a kind of vegetable growing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the fertilising described step 2) is: for melon-fruit-like vegetable, adopt the large fertile method in large cave, every 667m 2apply in cave after fully mixing by natural pond slag 3000kg, superphosphate 35kg, ash 100kg and appropriate house refuse, cover the approximately garden mould of 5~10cm of thick layer, water immediately permeablely after field planting, and cover in time straw or straw.
3. utilize the method for the fertile fertilising in natural pond in a kind of vegetable growing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: add 3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the natural pond liquid in described step 5).
CN201310427114XA 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Cultivation method for vegetable Pending CN103430763A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310427114XA CN103430763A (en) 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Cultivation method for vegetable

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310427114XA CN103430763A (en) 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Cultivation method for vegetable

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052488A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-18 四川更新生态农业开发有限公司 Planting method for organic vegetables
CN105993479A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-10-12 广德县富丰蔬菜专业合作社 Eggplant planting method with biogas slurry as fertilizer source
CN106718010A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-05-31 江苏沿海地区农业科学研究所 A kind of summer High Quality Fruit radish cultivation method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052488A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-18 四川更新生态农业开发有限公司 Planting method for organic vegetables
CN105993479A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-10-12 广德县富丰蔬菜专业合作社 Eggplant planting method with biogas slurry as fertilizer source
CN106718010A (en) * 2017-03-28 2017-05-31 江苏沿海地区农业科学研究所 A kind of summer High Quality Fruit radish cultivation method

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Application publication date: 20131211