CN103283689B - Propagation control method for indoor cultivation of Perinereis aibuhitensis - Google Patents

Propagation control method for indoor cultivation of Perinereis aibuhitensis Download PDF

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CN103283689B
CN103283689B CN201310195351.8A CN201310195351A CN103283689B CN 103283689 B CN103283689 B CN 103283689B CN 201310195351 A CN201310195351 A CN 201310195351A CN 103283689 B CN103283689 B CN 103283689B
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water
breeding
pond
heteronereis
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CN103283689A (en
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于道德
刘洪军
王其翔
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SHANDONG PROVINCE MARINE CULTURE INSTITUTE
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SHANDONG PROVINCE MARINE CULTURE INSTITUTE
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Abstract

A propagation control method for indoor cultivation of Perinereis aibuhitensis is characterized by including the sequential steps of 1, preparing a breeding cement pool; 2, selecting parents of Perinereis aibuhitensis; thirdly, managing ways of breeding outside cages and breeding density; 4, inhibiting propagation of heteronereis; 5, controlling great propagation of heteronereis; 6, performing artificial and natural insemination; and 7, selecting hatching conditions, namely controlling the water temperature at 25 DEG C, hatching to obtain three-setiger juvenile in three days, and cultivating the juvenile. The method has the advantages that a great amount of parents of Perinereis aibuhitensis can be controlled to propagate simultaneously, and juvenile cultivation is arranged designedly; the method is performed in indoor cement ponds and insusceptible to seasons and tides.

Description

A kind of regulate and control method of indoor culture perinereis aibihitensis Grube breeding
Technical field
The present invention relates to the propagation method of a kind of clam worm, be specifically related to a kind of regulate and control method of indoor culture perinereis aibihitensis Grube breeding.
Background technology
Perinereis aibihitensis Grube (Perinereis aibuhitensis) belongs to Annelida, polychaeta, Nereidae, happiness is lived in caves in calm, nutritious silt particle beach, intertidal zone, the sociales of silt beach, China intertidal zone biology, also the main composition that is CHINESE OFFSHORE bottom community is biological, has the important ecological value.
Clam worm is the high-quality bait of fish, shrimp, crab etc., and nutritive value is abundant, is called as " omnipotent bait ", has high economic worth.The C.I.F. of Japanese market is per ton up to tens thousand of dollars at present, and very worthy equally in market, West Europe, supply falls short of demand.
Perinereis aibihitensis Grube has the features such as individuality is large, protein content high (70%-80%), is the important kind that can develop in Nereidae animal, has wide development prospect.In recent years, domestic existing many enterprises and institute have carried out the cultural technique research of perinereis aibihitensis Grube in succession.At present, seed rearing depends on the colony of physical maturity in a large number, in particular season, fishes for natural heteronereis and breeds, seasonal strong, and is subject to morning and evening tides control, and uncontrollable strong, for arranging production, carrying out on a large scale, seed rearing is unfavorable.
At present the propagation method of general perinereis aibihitensis Grube, fishes for heteronereis ripe in natural water area exactly, has strong seasonality, for the artificial breeding work of perinereis aibihitensis Grube, brings a lot of inconvenience.Be unfavorable for that large area is concentrated hatching, cloth ovum, the carrying out of the follow-up work such as grow seedlings, greatly limited perinereis aibihitensis Grube manual and bred carrying out of scale.Separately, current propagation method, the present invention aims to provide the sexual maturity of a kind of indoor culture perinereis aibihitensis Grube and artificial regulatory propagation method.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for heteronereis quantity in prior art few, poor synchronization, and the deficiencies such as insemination rate is lower, provide a kind of and can guarantee that heteronereis quantity is many, synchronism is high, and can be according to the regulate and control method of producing the indoor culture perinereis aibihitensis Grube breeding that regulates heteronereis maturation and repoductive time.
The object of the invention is to realize by following technological means: a kind of regulate and control method of indoor culture perinereis aibihitensis Grube breeding, is characterized in that the method sequentially comprises the steps:
1) store up the preparation of cement pit: cement pit is the strip pond (8m * 5m * 1m) of 40 cubic metres of water bodys, add in outdoor native pond, cultivated perinereis aibihitensis Grube silt as substrate, thickness is more than 30cm, one jiao of tool osculum of cement pit, stores up front with more than filtering sea immersion 48h;
2) selecting of close silkworm: select the clam worm adult that physique is big and fleshy, color and luster is ruddy, health is anosis, individual specification is 15-25cm, and average weight is more than 3g/ bar;
3) put mode in a suitable place to breed and store up the management of density: clam worm 50-75kg is stored up in every pond, minute within three days, dropping into close silkworm, normally entering every day after draining, according to every pond earth surfaces clam worm, being no more than 20 and determining the saturation state of the close silkworm in pond for standard; According to Various Seasonal, carry out respectively daily management;
4) suppress the method for heteronereis breeding: in summer, can find that ripe heteronereis floats on the water surface after water inlet June, when not needing to produce, rapidly water be drained, more than waiting for 1h, only cross the about 15min of water; After this, only cross water once every day, and the time, in 15min, makes that cement pit is capable does not become the water surface;
5) the prolific method of regulation and control heteronereis: while needing a large amount of close silkworm breeding, recover water inlet, maintain water body 30cm, the heteronereis moving about in 1h is that maturity is individual preferably, with dredger, fishes for, and puts into clam worm dish, thin sponge shop fixtures, for water suction, reach after need of production quantity, carry out rapidly artificial breeding;
6) artificial nature's method of inseminating: rinse with fresh water after the earth on close silkworm surface, selecting male and female is positioned over respectively in different vessels, the male and female of take are than carrying out artificial natural insemination as 3:1, be about to close silkworm and put into the floatable vegetables plastic crate that leaks (diameter 40cm) simultaneously, density is no more than 100 close silkworms and is advisable;
7) incubation condition: clam worm egg laying amount is large, after 3h, most of close silkworm has completed after breeding, with 300 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, collects after fertilized egg, puts into the cone tank hatching of 1t left and right, and hatching density is about 10/ml; Water temperature is controlled at 25 degree, and after 3 days, hatching is three just joint nectocaetes, after carry out seed rearing.
A regulate and control method for indoor culture perinereis aibihitensis Grube breeding, is characterized in that, the daily management in described step 3) comprises: noon every day is entered nature seawater over more than earth 30cm in close silkworm pond, stops into water, maintains behind 2h left and right, drains seawater; According to the situation of ingesting, about 2h after draining water, at dusk common shrimp bait 0.5-1kg throws something and feeds in each pond;
Daily management in winter is: do not carry out warm light regulation and control winter, when natural temperature reaches 0 ℃ of left and right, adds the above seawater of 30cm and passes the winter; To March in spring, recover normal daily management.
Compared with prior art the present invention has following obvious advantage: 1, the present invention regulates and controls a large amount of close silkworms and synchronously breeds, can be in a planned way by row's production of growing seedlings; 2, the present invention carries out at indoor cement pit, not limited by season and morning and evening tides; 3, the present invention, by Artificial Control mode, selects the good heteronereis of maturity and produces, and fertilization rate and incubation rate are high; 4, the artificial nature of the present invention method of inseminating, comprises and uses normal female-male proportion, make clam worm egg laying amount large, fertilization rate and incubation rate are high; 5, the present invention is suitable for perinereis aibihitensis Grube seed industrialization production.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
A regulate and control method for indoor culture perinereis aibihitensis Grube breeding, is characterized in that the method sequentially comprises the steps:
1) store up the preparation of cement pit: cement pit is the strip pond (8m * 5m * 1m) of 40 cubic metres of water bodys, add in outdoor native pond, cultivated perinereis aibihitensis Grube silt as substrate, thickness is more than 30cm, one jiao of tool osculum of cement pit, stores up front with more than filtering sea immersion 48h;
2) selecting of close silkworm: select the clam worm adult that physique is big and fleshy, color and luster is ruddy, health is anosis, individual specification is 15-25cm, and average weight is more than 3g/ bar;
3) put mode in a suitable place to breed and store up the management of density: clam worm 50-75kg is stored up in every pond, minute within three days, dropping into close silkworm, normally entering every day after draining, according to every pond earth surfaces clam worm, being no more than 20 and determining the saturation state of the close silkworm in pond for standard; According to Various Seasonal, carry out respectively daily management;
4) suppress the method for heteronereis breeding: in summer, can find that ripe heteronereis floats on the water surface after water inlet June, when not needing to produce, rapidly water be drained, more than waiting for 1h, only cross the about 15min of water; After this, only cross water once every day, and the time, in 15min, makes that cement pit is capable does not become the water surface;
5) the prolific method of regulation and control heteronereis: while needing a large amount of close silkworm breeding, recover water inlet, maintain water body 30cm, the heteronereis moving about in 1h is that maturity is individual preferably, with dredger, fishes for, and puts into clam worm dish, thin sponge shop fixtures, for water suction, reach after need of production quantity, carry out rapidly artificial breeding;
6) artificial nature's method of inseminating: rinse with fresh water after the earth on close silkworm surface, selecting male and female is positioned over respectively in different vessels, the male and female of take are than carrying out artificial natural insemination as 3:1, be about to close silkworm and put into the floatable vegetables plastic crate that leaks (diameter 40cm) simultaneously, density is no more than 100 close silkworms and is advisable;
7) incubation condition: clam worm egg laying amount is large, after 3h, most of close silkworm has completed after breeding, with 300 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, collects after fertilized egg, puts into the cone tank hatching of 1t left and right, and hatching density is about 10/ml; Water temperature is controlled at 25 degree, and after 3 days, hatching is three just joint nectocaetes, after carry out seed rearing.
A regulate and control method for indoor culture perinereis aibihitensis Grube breeding, is characterized in that, the daily management in described step 3) comprises: noon every day is entered nature seawater over more than earth 30cm in close silkworm pond, stops into water, maintains behind 2h left and right, drains seawater; According to the situation of ingesting, about 2h after draining water, at dusk common shrimp bait 0.5-1kg throws something and feeds in each pond;
Daily management in winter is: do not carry out warm light regulation and control winter, when natural temperature reaches 0 ℃ of left and right, adds the above seawater of 30cm and passes the winter; To March in spring, recover normal daily management.
Embodiment 1:
Dongying Zhen Yu aquatic resources Co., Ltd parent silkworm is cultivated the workshop cement pit of totally 28 40 side's water bodys, and we collected and store up close silkworm 500kg in 2010, enabled wherein 10 cement pits.To in July, 2011, by above-mentioned artificial regulatory technology, utilize the having or not of seawater irrigation and drainage, time-histories etc., success induces a large amount of close silkworm property simultaneously ripe, day obtains nearly 1000 tails of close silkworm (wherein 300 tails are female), can obtain high quality fertilized egg of scophthatmus and reach 200,000,000, because the vacant quantity in native pond, open air is few, only 400 tons of the commodity clam worms that obtain autumn.In, in by the end of September, 2011 to early October, carried out close silkworm targetedly and gathered, laid in the nearly 1500kg of close silkworm, the perfect auxiliary facility in close silkworm workshop, simultaneously newly-built 1000 mu of outdoor Tu Chi.In July, 2012, day acquisition nearly 2000 tails of close silkworm (600 tails are female), can obtain high quality fertilized egg of scophthatmus and reach 400,000,000.To the end of the year, obtain the commodity clam worm of nearly 1000 tons, obtained higher economic benefit.
The above; be only a part of embodiment of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this, is anyly familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; the variation that can expect easily or replacement, within all should being encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a regulate and control method for indoor culture perinereis aibihitensis Grube breeding, is characterized in that the method sequentially comprises the steps:
1) store up the preparation of cement pit: cement pit is the strip pond of 40 cubic metres of water bodys, add in outdoor native pond, cultivated perinereis aibihitensis Grube silt as substrate, thickness is more than 30cm, and one jiao of tool osculum of cement pit, stores up front with more than filtering sea immersion 48h;
2) selecting of close silkworm: select the clam worm adult that physique is big and fleshy, color and luster is ruddy, health is anosis, individual specification is 15-25cm, and average weight is more than 3g/bar;
3) put mode in a suitable place to breed and store up the management of density: clam worm 50-75kg is stored up in every pond, minute within three days, dropping into close silkworm, normally entering every day after draining, according to every pond earth surfaces clam worm, being no more than 20 and determining the saturation state of the close silkworm in pond for standard; According to Various Seasonal, carry out respectively daily management;
4) suppress the method for heteronereis breeding: in summer, can find that ripe heteronereis floats on the water surface after water inlet June, when not needing to produce, rapidly water be drained, more than waiting for 1h, only cross the about 15min of water; After this, only cross water once every day, and the time, in 15min, makes cement pit can not form the water surface;
5) the prolific method of regulation and control heteronereis: while needing a large amount of close silkworm breeding, recover water inlet, maintain water body 30cm, the heteronereis moving about in 1h is that maturity is individual preferably, with dredger, fishes for, and puts into clam worm dish, thin sponge shop fixtures, for water suction, reach after need of production quantity, carry out rapidly artificial breeding;
6) artificial nature's method of inseminating: rinse with fresh water after the earth on close silkworm surface, selecting male and female is positioned over respectively in different vessels, the male and female of take, than carrying out artificial natural insemination as 3:1, are about to close silkworm and put into the floatable vegetables plastic crate that leaks simultaneously, and density is no more than 100 close silkworms and is advisable;
7) incubation condition: clam worm egg laying amount is large, after 3h, most of close silkworm has completed after breeding, with 300 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, collects after fertilized egg, puts into the cone tank hatching of 1t left and right, and hatching density is about 10/ml; Water temperature is controlled at 25 degree, and after 3 days, hatching is three just joint nectocaetes, after carry out seed rearing.
2. the regulate and control method that a kind of indoor culture perinereis aibihitensis Grube according to claim 1 is bred, it is characterized in that, daily management except other seasons in winter in step 3) comprises: noon every day is entered nature seawater over more than earth 30cm in close silkworm pond, stop into water, maintain behind 2h left and right, drain seawater; According to the situation of ingesting, about 2h after draining water, at dusk common shrimp bait 0.5-1kg throws something and feeds in each pond;
Daily management in winter is: do not carry out warm light regulation and control winter, when natural temperature reaches 0 ℃ of left and right, based on adding the above seawater of 30cm on earth, passes the winter; To March in spring, revert to the daily management except other seasons in winter.
CN201310195351.8A 2013-05-23 2013-05-23 Propagation control method for indoor cultivation of Perinereis aibuhitensis Expired - Fee Related CN103283689B (en)

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CN103563861B (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-12-10 东营振宇水产资源开发有限公司 Perinereis aibuhitensis totally-artificial breeding technology
CN103734093B (en) * 2013-12-30 2016-04-27 盐城工学院 Perinereis aibihitensis Grube heteronereis is cultivated and synchronous collection method
CN104126548A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-11-05 山东省海洋生物研究院 Method for distributing perinereis aibuhitensis grube seedlings on large-area soil pit
CN104430195B (en) * 2014-11-18 2017-10-27 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 A kind of perinereis aibihitensis Grube cultivation apparatus and application method
CN107926786A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-04-20 钦州市钦州港开复水产养殖专业合作社 A kind of method of mudflat aquaculture perinereis aibihitensis Grube
CN111011275A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-04-17 福建省淡水水产研究所 Artificial spawning induction and hatching method of rhynchophorus wartius
CN112450132B (en) * 2020-11-24 2022-06-28 阳江职业技术学院 Method for artificially hastening parturition and hatching of sipunculus warteri

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CN100527953C (en) * 2005-11-25 2009-08-19 宁波大学 Perinereis aibihitensis Grube manual seedling-raising method
CN100502646C (en) * 2007-05-28 2009-06-24 大连水产学院 Method for indoors artificial and intensive culture of clamworm
CN101743934A (en) * 2008-12-15 2010-06-23 无棣力天生物科技有限公司 Non-pollution culture method of Bohai Bay perinereis aibuhiensis grubes
CN101564023B (en) * 2009-04-28 2011-12-07 大连水产学院 Middle breeding method for large-specification seedlings of perineris aibihitensis grube
JP5376455B2 (en) * 2010-01-12 2013-12-25 国立大学法人 鹿児島大学 Crustacean ripening and / or egg-laying composition
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