CN104026070A - Environment-friendly pond culture method for Chinese soft-shell turtles - Google Patents

Environment-friendly pond culture method for Chinese soft-shell turtles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104026070A
CN104026070A CN201410253046.4A CN201410253046A CN104026070A CN 104026070 A CN104026070 A CN 104026070A CN 201410253046 A CN201410253046 A CN 201410253046A CN 104026070 A CN104026070 A CN 104026070A
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shelled turtle
water
pond
soft
trionyx sinensis
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CN104026070B (en
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叶金云
张斌如
张建平
吴成龙
吴湘
张易祥
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Huzhou University
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Huzhou University
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Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly pond culture method for Chinese soft-shell turtles. The method comprises the steps as follows: (1), pond selection; (2), pond preparation and aquatic plant configuration; (3), stocking density; (4), feed and feeding; (5), water quality regulation and daily management; and (6), adult turtle catching. When the environment-friendly pond culture method is applied to culture of the Chinese soft-shell turtle, not only can better economic benefit be achieved, more importantly, the pond water quality is maintained better all along with the culture mode, almost no culture waste water is drained, and the ecological benefit is quite obvious. Under the condition that other culture varieties suffer from frequent diseases and the culture risk is higher at present, the environment-friendly pond culture method for the Chinese soft-shell turtles is a good way for fishermen to become rich.

Description

A kind of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis environmentally-friendly pond culture method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of aquaculture, more specifically relate to a kind of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis environmentally-friendly pond culture method.
Background technology
Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis extensively distributes in China, and except Tibet and Qinghai, other each province all produces, and in recent years also finds that there is wild Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis in Xinjiang region, but to economize output higher Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu etc. with respect to output.The existing edibility of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, also has medical value.Record according to " Mingyi Bielu " of Tao Hongjing, soft-shelled turtle nature and flavor are sweet, flat, have enriching yin and nourishing kidney, effect of clearing away deficiency-heat.
Because Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis has larger edible and medical value, all parts of the country are extensively carried out and are propagated artificially.Carry out artificial propagation and cultivation, breeding way mainly contains that fish soft-shelled turtle is raised together with, pond monoculture, batch production greenhouse cultivation etc.In artificial feeding environment, the animal baits such as the discarded object in Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis happiness food slaughter house, silkworm chrysalis, insect, also can eat melon and fruit, dish leaf and artificial synthetic hard particles bait.By abundant bait is provided; keep suitable growth temperature to make Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis not enter hibernation; and the raising of science and batch production; reproduction rate, the incubation rate of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis all improve greatly; the young, through the 500 grams of left and right that can weigh of growth more than a year, makes this natural resources of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis can obtain well protection and utilize.Along with the raising of people's living standard, domestic and international market is increasing to the demand of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, and the artificial propagation of accelerating Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis has become inevitable warming up with cultivation.
Traditional Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis breeding way mainly can be divided into " the two-period form breeding method " that combine with outdoor pond for green house breeding method and green house, cause Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis quality to decline with the cultivation of traditional aquaculture model but also cause water pollution, Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis culture benefit is obviously declined.Therefore be necessary to seek a kind of organic Ecological Culture of Tronyx sinensis new model, make that Raised turtle quality is better, benefit is better.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiency that prior art exists, a kind of organic Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis environmentally-friendly pond culture method is provided.
For achieving the above object, the present invention has taked following technical scheme:
A kind of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis environmentally-friendly pond culture method, comprises the steps:
The selection in step 1, pond: pond area: young soft-shelled turtle pond is 1~3 mu, young soft-shelled turtle pond is 3~5 mu, becoming soft-shelled turtle pond is 10~15 mu, the test pond depth of water 1.5~1.8m, smooth at the bottom of pond, silt depth is less than 30cm, the compacting of pool bank;
Step 2, the preparation of ponds and water plants configuration: in early Febuary, pool desilting is done in pond, lime disinfection, after 1 week, start a small amount of water filling, and transplant waterweed every 60cm, after pasture and water survive, continue to fill water, on the water surface, transplant water peanut band, the main place of perching as Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis simultaneously;
Put in a suitable place to breed in step 3, soft-shelled turtle pond: every batch of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis culture-cycle is 4-5; Stocking model is: the 1st year: put then 10000/mu of of squab young soft-shelled turtles the 8-9 month in a suitable place to breed, average specification 5-6g/ only; The 2nd year: put 6000/mu of of young soft-shelled turtles the 4-5 month in a suitable place to breed, average specification 20-50g/ only; The 3rd year: put in a suitable place to breed the 4-5 month soft-shelled turtle kind 300-400 only/mu, average specification 150-250g/ only, when the end of the year average specification can reach only left and right of 300-350g/; The 4th year: the end of the year, average specification can reach only left and right of 500-1000g/; The 5th year: the end of the year, average specification can reach only left and right of 1000-1800g/; Put the front potassium permanganate sterilization pool water of using in a suitable place to breed, another available quicklime, strong chlorine oil sterilization at every turn; And at Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis cultivating pool cover grow flower silver carp and variegated carp;
Step 4, bait and throw something and feed: the young soft-shelled turtle pool utilizes small fish making beating to throw something and feed; The children soft-shelled turtle pool start to throw something and feed small fish or chilled trash fish; Become the soft-shelled turtle pool throw something and feed small fish or chilled trash fish;
Step 5, regulating and controlling water quality and daily management, utilize water plants in pond to absorb the nutriment such as nitrogen and phosphorus in water body, utilizes the plankton in cover foster flower, silver carp control water body simultaneously, can effectively control body eutrophication; In 7-9 month, use bacillus subtilis formulation to carry out regulating water quality every 10 days simultaneously, in the breeding process of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, seldom need to supplement new water; Soft-shelled turtle pond is by personal management, and sooner or later adhere to patrolling the pool 2-3 time every day, observes food, water quality, the disease of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, and fully carries out the throwing amount of raising, changes regimen condition, the disease record that a situation arises, and other management is carried out according to conventional method;
Step 6, become soft-shelled turtle catching method to be: drain after water in soft-shelled turtle pond, and utilizing bottom is that flat wood fork is manually fished for, main catching season after annual October, or in the time of festivals or holidays selective fishing Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis.
Further, in described step 2, the cultivation method of water peanut band is: the water peanut band of 2 meters wide is transplanted at 2m place, offshore limit, remains on 6-10 month, and in the main season of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis growth, pond pasture and water area coverage accounts for the 15-20% left and right of total water surface.
Further, in described step 3, the cover of variegated carp and silver carp is supported density and is: variegated carp 10 tail/mus, silver carp 5 tail/mus.
Further, in described step 4, small fish or chilled trash fish comprise: black silvery pomfret and other low value sea water fish classes or flower silver carp and other low-value freshwater fish classes; Feeding volume is according to water temperature on the same day, weather, and the growing state of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis is adjusted at any time.
With respect to prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is: promotion and application the present invention studies successful Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis environmentally-friendly pond culture method and carries out Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis cultivation, not only can obtain good economic benefit, this aquaculture model of what is more important is because cultivation density is lower, planting aquatic plants use bacillus subtilis formulation to carry out regulating water quality in the main season of growth in water body, it is better that pond water quality remains, in breeding process substantially without medicine or chemicals, almost discharge without breeding wastewater, Raised turtle product high-quality and safety, ecological benefits are also very obvious.Through the cultivation of a test period, adopt this cultural method can realize pond culture annual mu profit and reach 11397.8 yuan.Take place frequently in current other soft-shelled turtle veriety disease, cultivate in the situation that risk is higher, promoting the environmentally friendly aquaculture model of organic Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis is the good approach that fisherman gets rich.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described, but the present invention's scope required for protection is not limited to the scope that embodiment is described.
Embodiment 1
1. an organic Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis environmentally-friendly pond culture method, comprises the steps:
1, the selection of test tank
Test is carried out in the Ru Xing plant of Changxing County, Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang Province, has selected draining 2, marketable turtle culture pond easily, and area is respectively 12.5 mu, more than the test pond depth of water 1.5~1.8m, smooth at the bottom of pond, silt depth is less than 30cm, every pond is furnished with 1,3kw aerator, the compacting of pool bank.
2, pond transformation
In early Febuary, pool desilting is done in pond, lime disinfection, starts a small amount of water filling after 1 week, and transplants waterweed every 60cm, continues to fill water after pasture and water survive, and the while, the water peanut band of 2 meters wide was transplanted at 2m place, offshore limit on the water surface.In the main season (6-10 month) of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis growth, require pond pasture and water area coverage to account for the 15-20% left and right of total water surface.
3, put in a suitable place to breed in soft-shelled turtle pond
In this test, select one-tenth soft-shelled turtle stocking model: put by the end of April 350/mu of soft-shelled turtle kinds in a suitable place to breed, average specification 180g/ only, will become soft-shelled turtle specification only to reach 330-550g/ then the end of the year, and average specification is 355g/; Second Year will become soft-shelled turtle to become soft-shelled turtle specification only to reach 520-1200g/ the end of the year, and average specification only can reach 850g/.Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis cultivating pool cover is grown flower, silver carp: variegated carp 10 tail/mus, and silver carp 5 tail/mus, average specification is 60g/ tail.
4, bait and throwing something and feeding
Become the soft-shelled turtle pool throw something and feed small fish or chilled trash fish.Small fish or chilled trash fish comprise: the low-value freshwater fish classes such as low value sea water fish or flower silver carp such as black silvery pomfret.Feeding volume is according to water temperature on the same day, weather, and the growing state of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis is adjusted at any time.
5, regulating and controlling water quality and daily management
In experimental group, owing to planting pasture and water in pond, and put appropriate filter-feeding fish in a suitable place to breed, therefore can utilize water plants in pond to absorb the nutriment such as nitrogen and phosphorus in water body, utilize the plankton in more flower, silver carp control water body simultaneously, can effectively control body eutrophication; In 7-9 month, used bacillus subtilis formulation to carry out regulating water quality every 10 days simultaneously, seldom need to supplement salary in the breeding process of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, in this process of the test, water quality is always better.
There is personal management in soft-shelled turtle pond, and sooner or later adhere to patrolling the pool 2-3 time every day, observes the food, water quality, disease of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis etc., and fully carry out throw the amount of raising, change regimen condition, the record of disease necessity such as a situation arises, other management is carried out according to conventional method.
6, become soft-shelled turtle to fish for
Drain after water in soft-shelled turtle pond, utilizes wood fork (bottom is flat) manually to fish for, and main catching season, after annual October, or is fished for the Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis of large specification in the time of festivals or holidays.
2. result of the test
2.1 production results
This industrial experimentation the results are shown in Table 1, within the culture-cycle of 2 years, and the average every mu of net output Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis 258.5kg of test tank, average feed coefficient is 12, has obtained good income.
Table 1. tests that put in a suitable place to breed in pond and results situation
2.2 Economic and Efficiency Analysis
According to above-mentioned production cost and the income from sales of putting and gather in the crops product in a suitable place to breed, the Economic and Efficiency Analysis of this test the results are shown in Table 2.
Table 2 is tested the soft-shelled turtle pool and is dropped into and output situation (unit: unit)
From the results shown in Table 2, from a test period (2 years), it is 20814.5 yuan that No. 1 average every mu of soft-shelled turtle pond year of the pool drops into, and it is 21006.8 yuan that No. 2 average every mu of soft-shelled turtle pond years of the pool drop into; No. 1 the average every mu of soft-shelled turtle pond year output in the pool is 43130.0 yuan, and No. 2 the average every mu of soft-shelled turtle pond year output in the pool is 44284.0 yuan; Average mu profit is 22795.6 yuan, and amounting to annual mu profit is 11397.8 yuan.According to investigation, test " two-period form breeding method " Raised turtle that adopts green house to combine with outdoor pond the same period, the special compound feed of throwing something and feeding, per mu yield value is about 20000.0 yuan, and annual mu profit is 4760.0 yuan.Visible application method of the present invention, economic benefit is fairly obvious.
The above, be only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this, and any variation of expecting without creative work or replacement, within all should being encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain that claims were limited.

Claims (4)

1. a Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis environmentally-friendly pond culture method, is characterized in that: comprise the steps:
The selection in step 1, pond: pond area: young soft-shelled turtle pond is 1~3 mu, young soft-shelled turtle pond is 3~5 mu, becoming soft-shelled turtle pond is 10~15 mu, the test pond depth of water 1.5~1.8m, smooth at the bottom of pond, silt depth is less than 30cm, the compacting of pool bank;
Step 2, the preparation of ponds and water plants configuration: in early Febuary, pool desilting is done in pond, lime disinfection, after 1 week, start a small amount of water filling, and transplant waterweed every 60cm, after pasture and water survive, continue to fill water, on the water surface, transplant water peanut band, the main place of perching as Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis simultaneously;
Put in a suitable place to breed in step 3, soft-shelled turtle pond: every batch of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis culture-cycle is 4-5; Stocking model is: the 1st year: put then 10000/mu of of squab young soft-shelled turtles the 8-9 month in a suitable place to breed, average specification 5-6g/ only; The 2nd year: put 6000/mu of of young soft-shelled turtles the 4-5 month in a suitable place to breed, average specification 20-50g/ only; The 3rd year: put in a suitable place to breed the 4-5 month soft-shelled turtle kind 300-400 only/mu, average specification 150-250g/ only, when the end of the year average specification can reach only left and right of 300-350g/; The 4th year: the end of the year, average specification can reach only left and right of 500-1000g/; The 5th year: the end of the year, average specification can reach only left and right of 1000-1800g/; Put the front potassium permanganate sterilization pool water of using in a suitable place to breed, another available quicklime, strong chlorine oil sterilization at every turn; And at Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis cultivating pool cover grow flower silver carp and variegated carp;
Step 4, bait and throw something and feed: the young soft-shelled turtle pool utilizes small fish making beating to throw something and feed; The children soft-shelled turtle pool start to throw something and feed small fish or chilled trash fish; Become the soft-shelled turtle pool throw something and feed small fish or chilled trash fish;
Step 5, regulating and controlling water quality and daily management, utilize water plants in pond to absorb the nutriment such as nitrogen and phosphorus in water body, utilizes the plankton in cover foster flower, silver carp control water body simultaneously, can effectively control body eutrophication; In 7-9 month, use bacillus subtilis formulation to carry out regulating water quality every 10 days simultaneously, in the breeding process of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, seldom need to supplement new water; Soft-shelled turtle pond is by personal management, and sooner or later adhere to patrolling the pool 2-3 time every day, observes food, water quality, the disease of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis, and fully carries out the throwing amount of raising, changes regimen condition, the disease record that a situation arises, and other management is carried out according to conventional method;
Step 6, become soft-shelled turtle catching method to be: drain after water in soft-shelled turtle pond, and utilizing bottom is that flat wood fork is manually fished for, main catching season after annual October, or in the time of festivals or holidays selective fishing Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step 2, the cultivation method of water peanut band is: the water peanut band of 2 meters wide is transplanted at 2m place, offshore limit, remain on 6-10 month, in the main season of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis growth, pond pasture and water area coverage accounts for the 15-20% left and right of total water surface.
3. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step 3, the cover of variegated carp and silver carp is supported density and is: variegated carp 10 tail/mus, silver carp 5 tail/mus.
4. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step 4, small fish or chilled trash fish comprise: black silvery pomfret and other low value sea water fish classes or flower silver carp and other low-value freshwater fish classes; Feeding volume is according to water temperature on the same day, weather, and the growing state of Shelled Turtle Trionyx Sinensis is adjusted at any time.
CN201410253046.4A 2014-06-09 2014-06-09 A kind of Trionyx sinensis (Wiegmann) environmentally-friendly pond culture method Expired - Fee Related CN104026070B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104509470A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-15 杨彪 Efficient intercropping method for spotted silver carps, soft-shelled turtles and silver carps
CN104969883A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-14 黄生文 Ecological culture method for young turtles
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CN106359220B (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-12-28 江苏省淡水水产研究所 A method of improving river crab stage-5 young crab survival rate
CN106857430A (en) * 2017-01-25 2017-06-20 刘大山 A kind of simple catching method of pond soft-shelled turtle
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CN107691364A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-02-16 宁国市金东坊农业开发有限公司 A kind of batch production ecological cultivation method of soft-shelled turtle

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