CN103250620A - Dendrobium nobile standardized facility cultivating method - Google Patents

Dendrobium nobile standardized facility cultivating method Download PDF

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CN103250620A
CN103250620A CN201310179166XA CN201310179166A CN103250620A CN 103250620 A CN103250620 A CN 103250620A CN 201310179166X A CN201310179166X A CN 201310179166XA CN 201310179166 A CN201310179166 A CN 201310179166A CN 103250620 A CN103250620 A CN 103250620A
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stem
noble dendrobium
root
plantation
plant
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赵学洪
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CHISHUI HUABAO DENDROBE INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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CHISHUI HUABAO DENDROBE INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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    • Y02P60/216

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Abstract

The invention relates to a dendrobium nobile standardized facility cultivating method which includes the following steps that a field is selected and prepared; a propagating method is performed; a cultivating method is performed; the field is managed; pest and disease damage is prevented and treated; pest and disease damage is prevented and treated. According to the dendrobium nobile standardized facility cultivating method, a rate of survival of dendrobium nobile is high and the output of the dendrobium nobile is greatly improved. More than 450 kilograms of the dendrobium nobile is produced per mu. The saleroom of the dendrobium nobile per mu is twenty thousand yuan, a profit can reach ten thousand yuan and the number of surplus labor which can be settled in countryside is one hundred or so.

Description

A kind of HERBA DENDROBII standardization facility cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultivation method of HERBA DENDROBII, especially relate to a kind of HERBA DENDROBII standardization facility cultivation method.
Background technology
The breeding that HERBA DENDROBII is traditional, cultivation have long history, but area under cultivation is all very little.Particularly in today of scarcity of resources, want to obtain abundant seedling by traditional propagation method, carrying out large-area cultivation is the relatively thing of difficulty of part.Along with the day of HERBA DENDROBII tissue culture technique is more ripe, a large amount of test tube seedlings can be provided in short-term, then be again a new problem but how to allow test-tube plantlet grow fast.
The HERBA DENDROBII medical value is high.Multiple diseases such as ophthalmology, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular, respiratory system, digestive system there is significant curative effect.In recent years, health care is waited until further excavation.Market prospects are wide.The HERBA DENDROBII original ecology cultivating requires comparatively harsh to environmental condition, restriction compartmentalization, large-scale development.Particularly extreme weather takes place frequently in recent years, and disparities between supply and demand are more outstanding.Chishui is national unique HERBA DENDROBII production base of State Pharmaceutical Administration's reply.
The HERBA DENDROBII facility cultivation is the requirement of agriculture industrialization.Nearly 15 years history of Chishui HERBA DENDROBII great development, mu surplus whole city's area has reached 30,000, commercial seedling begins listing, among intensive processing is just being located to promote trade and investment.Current present situation is that on the one hand the medicinal herb grower worries that the Future Development product that gets up does not have fixedly market, and the price benefit can't guarantee, dare not courageously develop and strengthen to have now the scientific management in base.Processing enterprise feels the raw material wretched insufficiency after red on the other hand, and enterprise does not have rice and cooks, and presses for sufficient raw material.Objectively say, stem of noble dendrobium original ecology cultivating requires comparatively harsh to ecotope, the also bamboo of conceding the land has been vigorously implemented in Chishui since 2000 in addition, a large amount of suitable areas of 500-700 hectares that are fit to dendrobe cultivation mostly are the bamboo grove preemption, for this reason, when continuing to implement original ecology cultivating, vigorously implementing facility cultivation just becomes historical certainty.Be that HERBA DENDROBII realizes compartmentalization layout, specialization, standardized production, guarantee the major action of quality of medicinal material, medicinal herb grower and processing leading enterprise " doulbe-sides' victory "; The HERBA DENDROBII facility cultivation is the requirement of agricultural modernization.The HERBA DENDROBII facility cultivation is by building the agricultural modernization facility, because automation and intelligent high-tech application, planting environment is not subjected to the restriction of natural conditions, the modern production of stem of noble dendrobium product is become a reality, being the symbol of high-efficiency agriculture, is the symbol of modernization agricultural, and the Chishui HERBA DENDROBII is developed, it has not only solved the land used total amount well, can create the miracle of high benefit simultaneously; The HERBA DENDROBII facility cultivation is that the reply extreme weather is starved capable behave.Global extreme weather takes place frequently in recent years, and global crops are impaired serious, and city's stem of noble dendrobium production also is difficult to escape by luck.The employing facility cultivation is exactly the processing by technical measures, creates optimum condition in conjunction with stem of noble dendrobium growth, thereby guarantees to obtain the product of best in quality and maximum output.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention mainly is in order to solve the problem that the HERBA DENDROBII survival rate is low, output is few, thereby a kind of HERBA DENDROBII standardization facility cultivation method is provided.
A kind of HERBA DENDROBII standardization facility cultivation method, its step is as follows:
The first step: put in order to choosing the environment that dendrobe cultivation ground, ground should select half cloudy half light, air humidity is more than 75%, and winter temperature is in area more than 3 ℃; Seeds should with yellow square rafter tree, pear tree, camphor tree etc. and answer bark thick, longitudinal furrow, moisture many, branches and leaves are luxuriant, trunk the is thick tree that lives arranged; Also should should there be moss growth on stone ground on the stone at shady and cool, humid region, and there is a small amount of humus on the surface.To carry out readjustment of field plot earlier during the plantation stem of noble dendrobium, its basic demand is: when the rock plantation stem of noble dendrobium of bulk, beat nest with awl by the spacing of 30 centimetres of strains, line-spacing 30 cm x on the Ying Zaishi face, dark 8 centimetres of nest, low side makes a call to a little delivery port at the stone face, rot in case ponding causes base portion, should protect the liver moss at other positions on the stone face when beating nest; When little gravel is planted the stem of noble dendrobium, weeds, assorted branch in the ground are removed, reserve the good tree of sheltering from heat or light, too much overstocked little assorted tree is removed, in order to increasing light transmittance;
Second step: propagation method is minimum because of stem of noble dendrobium seed, and 20,000 seeds are arranged in each capsule approximately, generally needs to cultivate in group training chamber; Actual small-scale production is used vegetative propagation always, carry out in spring or autumn, select that 2 years growth potentials are good, the plant more than the no damage by disease and insect, well developed root system, rudiment is as kind of a strain, it is uprooped, remove deadwood and disconnected skill, cut long fibrous root, old root keeps about 8 centimetres, by how much being divided into of stem number of some clumps, every clump of palpus has stem more than 5, can plant;
The 3rd step: the plantation of the cultivation method stem of noble dendrobium should be selected in spring (3~April), the plantation of season in autumn (8~September) for well, and is more suitable than the plantation in autumn with the plantation in spring especially;
1. paste stone plantation method
Select crack of stone, the stone cistern of dark and damp sylvan life that the humus place is arranged, the root of subcaespitose stem of noble dendrobium seedling will be divided, encase with cow dung mud, fill in rock seam or the groove, stress is sought to stable solid during plug, in order to avoid drop, if cultivate at gravel, its way is that seedling is lain on the gravel, pushes down the seedling middle and lower part with stone then, base portion, top expose outside, with the motionless degree of being of wind; Around the stone face, plant the stem of noble dendrobium, available awl is made a call to an alveole, should in bright cow dung, can participate in 40: 1 phosphate fertilizer in advance, adding water steps on mixed, rare humidity is pinched with hand and is not stayed water degree of being in the webs, stem of noble dendrobium seedling is tightly touched alveole, grab on the other hand and get the middle and lower part that cow dung rides over stem of noble dendrobium seedling stem ready, make seedling be attached on the stone securely;
2. paste tree plantation method
Cut a shallow breach at more flat and thick trunk or branch recess or every 40 centimetres with cutter, and peel off some barks, the stem of noble dendrobium seedling that to get ready then is fixed on the breach place of tree with bamboo nail or rope with base portion, again with cow dung mud spread upon its root and around in the bark ditch.For preventing the moving and rain drop erosion of wind, generally use the bamboo nail stickfast or tie up the 1-3 circle with ropes such as thin bamboo strips used for weavings, so that fixedly stem of noble dendrobium fibrous root and plant when planting in the tree, should carry out on trunk or crotch from top to down;
The 4th step: should keep moistening air conditions after the plantation of the field management stem of noble dendrobium, suitably water, but be strictly on guard against and water dilutional hyponatremia, must guard against the mashed root of ponding; Need not apply fertilizer during the plantation stem of noble dendrobium, the stem of noble dendrobium is planted and was begun to topdress in back 1 year, and annual 2 times, the 1st time is short bud fertilizer, carries out before and after clear and bright in the Spring Equinox; The 2nd time is warming fertilizer, is carrying out in the Beginning of Winter of around; Add phosphate fertilizer and a small amount of nitrogenous fertilizer with grouts, bean dregs, cow dung, pig manure, fertile mud and mix and mix well, paste one deck thinly at its root then.Because it is relatively poor that the root of the stem of noble dendrobium absorbs the function of nutrition, for promoting its growth, in its vegetative period, often every 1~2 month, the superphosphate with 3% or 1.5% potassium sulphate carry out foliage fertilization; No matter the stem of noble dendrobium that adopts which kind of mode to cultivate, its fertilising water time all in the morning dew carry out after doing, forbid under the high temperature that The hot sun is high in the sky, to use, otherwise will have a strong impact on the normal growth of the stem of noble dendrobium; Annual weeding is 2 times behind the growing dendrobium, the 1st time mid-March to early April, the 2nd time between November; In summer high temperature season, unsuitable weeding is in order to avoid influence stem of noble dendrobium normal growth.Before germinateing annual spring or when gathering the stem of noble dendrobium, should cut off the old branch of part and deadwood, and the stem branch of growing overstocked, to promote the sprouting growth.Stem of noble dendrobium plantation is after 4 years, and plant sprouts a lot, old root death, and matrix is rotted, and infection process makes plant strain growth bad, so should turn over the root and stem of certain plants according to growing state, removes dry and decayed old root, carries out plant division, and cultivation separately is to promote growth and the increasing both production and income of plant;
The 5th step: the extermination of disease and insect pest
Usually the disease that occurs in the stem of noble dendrobium growth and development process mainly contains:
1. black spot: this disease is everlasting and is taken place for 3~May.With 1: 1: 150 bordeaux mixture or 1000 times of liquid preventions of many spirits with control its development;
2. sooty mould: be the main period of disease of this disease 3~May, with 1000 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim or 1~2 control of 1500 times of liquid sprayings of 40% dimethoate emulsion;
3. anthracnose: be the main period of disease of this disease 1~May.With 1000 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim or 1000 times of liquid sprayings of 50% thiophanate methyl, to prevent and to control this disease to the infection of new strain;
The primary pest of finding has at present:
1. the luxuriant and rich with fragrance shield mosquito of the stem of noble dendrobium: this insect late May is the hatching Sheng phase, with 1000 times of liquid of 35% dimethoate emulsifiable concentrate or that l~3 degree lime sulfurs are sprayed effect is better, has become the shield shell but the few person of amount, can take to wipe out old branches and leaves sheet and concentrate and burn or twist with the fingers dead way and prevent and treat;
2. snail: mix chlorophos with wheat bran, be sprinkling upon insect and often movable place carry out period poison bait, spray chlorophos, deltamethrin pesticide at cultivation bed and surrounding enviroment, also can spread quicklime;
The 6th step: gather and all can gather throughout the year after 2 years with preliminary working cultivation, but with the Beginning of Winter before clear and bright plant not the rudiment results be good; When gathering, old plant is cut from basal part of stem with scissors or reaping hook, noted adopting and stay tenderly always, make the tender strain continued growth that stays, reach plantation in a year, the purpose of Shou Yiing for many years, the bright stem of noble dendrobium is adopted back not defoliation and fibrous root, direct hyoscine.Or remove fibrous root and branches and leaves, standby with wet husky storage;
Traditional processing method of dendrobium chrysanthum has having one's hair waved and propagandizes method hotly
1. having one's hair waved method: the bright stem of noble dendrobium is removed blade and fibrous root, in water, soaks a few days, the leaf sheath plasma membrane is rotted after, brush away the leaf sheath plasma membrane on the stem stalk or remove plasma membrane with the stranding of chaff shell with brush.Toast after drying water, the oven dry back bundlees with dry rice straw, and bamboo mat is built, make airtight, the baking firepower is unsuitable excessive, and wants evenly, when baking is done to 8 one-tenth, once also oven dry of row rubbing again, take out a little boiling water of spray, order is stacked then, covers with straw mattress, make color become golden yellow, baking is to absolutely dry again;
2. propagandize method hotly: the bright stem of noble dendrobium after the above-mentioned clean system is in accordance with the law placed in the pot that fills the river sand of making popular, with heat is husky the stem of noble dendrobium is pushed down, often stir up and down, fry to slight cracker is arranged, during the dry and cracked and perk of leaf sheath, take out immediately and be placed in rubbing repeatedly on the wooden washboard, to eliminate residual leaf sheath, wash silt, under burning sun, dry, crumple repeatedly again next day after the night dew, 3 times so repeatedly, make its golden yellow color, quality is tight, is drying to obtain.
Adopt the beneficial effect of technique scheme to be:
HERBA DENDROBII survival rate height of the present invention, output significantly improve, and the per mu yield HERBA DENDROBII is more than 450 kilograms, sell 20,000 yuan for every mu, and profit reaches 10,000 yuan, solve surplus the surplus rural labor force 100.
Embodiment
HERBA DENDROBII ply-yarn drill cultivation method on a kind of natural stone, its step is as follows:
A kind of HERBA DENDROBII standardization facility cultivation method, its step is as follows:
The first step: put in order to choosing the environment that dendrobe cultivation ground, ground should select half cloudy half light, air humidity is more than 75%, and winter temperature is in area more than 3 ℃; Seeds should with yellow square rafter tree, pear tree, camphor tree etc. and answer bark thick, longitudinal furrow, moisture many, branches and leaves are luxuriant, trunk the is thick tree that lives arranged; Also should should there be moss growth on stone ground on the stone at shady and cool, humid region, and there is a small amount of humus on the surface.To carry out readjustment of field plot earlier during the plantation stem of noble dendrobium, its basic demand is: when the rock plantation stem of noble dendrobium of bulk, beat nest with awl by the spacing of 30 centimetres of strains, line-spacing 30 cm x on the Ying Zaishi face, dark 8 centimetres of nest, low side makes a call to a little delivery port at the stone face, rot in case ponding causes base portion, should protect the liver moss at other positions on the stone face when beating nest; When little gravel is planted the stem of noble dendrobium, weeds, assorted branch in the ground are removed, reserve the good tree of sheltering from heat or light, too much overstocked little assorted tree is removed, in order to increasing light transmittance;
Second step: propagation method is minimum because of stem of noble dendrobium seed, and 20,000 seeds are arranged in each capsule approximately, generally needs to cultivate in group training chamber; Actual small-scale production is used vegetative propagation always, carry out in spring or autumn, select that 2 years growth potentials are good, the plant more than the no damage by disease and insect, well developed root system, rudiment is as kind of a strain, it is uprooped, remove deadwood and disconnected skill, cut long fibrous root, old root keeps about 8 centimetres, by how much being divided into of stem number of some clumps, every clump of palpus has stem more than 5, can plant;
The 3rd step: the plantation of the cultivation method stem of noble dendrobium should be selected in spring (3~April), the plantation of season in autumn (8~September) for well, and is more suitable than the plantation in autumn with the plantation in spring especially;
3. paste stone plantation method
Select crack of stone, the stone cistern of dark and damp sylvan life that the humus place is arranged, the root of subcaespitose stem of noble dendrobium seedling will be divided, encase with cow dung mud, fill in rock seam or the groove, stress is sought to stable solid during plug, in order to avoid drop, if cultivate at gravel, its way is that seedling is lain on the gravel, pushes down the seedling middle and lower part with stone then, base portion, top expose outside, with the motionless degree of being of wind; Around the stone face, plant the stem of noble dendrobium, available awl is made a call to an alveole, should in bright cow dung, can participate in 40: 1 phosphate fertilizer in advance, adding water steps on mixed, rare humidity is pinched with hand and is not stayed water degree of being in the webs, stem of noble dendrobium seedling is tightly touched alveole, grab on the other hand and get the middle and lower part that cow dung rides over stem of noble dendrobium seedling stem ready, make seedling be attached on the stone securely;
4. paste tree plantation method
Cut a shallow breach at more flat and thick trunk or branch recess or every 40 centimetres with cutter, and peel off some barks, the stem of noble dendrobium seedling that to get ready then is fixed on the breach place of tree with bamboo nail or rope with base portion, again with cow dung mud spread upon its root and around in the bark ditch.For preventing the moving and rain drop erosion of wind, generally use the bamboo nail stickfast or tie up the 1-3 circle with ropes such as thin bamboo strips used for weavings, so that fixedly stem of noble dendrobium fibrous root and plant when planting in the tree, should carry out on trunk or crotch from top to down;
The 4th step: should keep moistening air conditions after the plantation of the field management stem of noble dendrobium, suitably water, but be strictly on guard against and water dilutional hyponatremia, must guard against the mashed root of ponding; Need not apply fertilizer during the plantation stem of noble dendrobium, the stem of noble dendrobium is planted and was begun to topdress in back 1 year, and annual 2 times, the 1st time is short bud fertilizer, carries out before and after clear and bright in the Spring Equinox; The 2nd time is warming fertilizer, is carrying out in the Beginning of Winter of around; Add phosphate fertilizer and a small amount of nitrogenous fertilizer with grouts, bean dregs, cow dung, pig manure, fertile mud and mix and mix well, paste one deck thinly at its root then.Because it is relatively poor that the root of the stem of noble dendrobium absorbs the function of nutrition, for promoting its growth, in its vegetative period, often every 1~2 month, the superphosphate with 3% or 1.5% potassium sulphate carry out foliage fertilization; No matter the stem of noble dendrobium that adopts which kind of mode to cultivate, its fertilising water time all in the morning dew carry out after doing, forbid under the high temperature that The hot sun is high in the sky, to use, otherwise will have a strong impact on the normal growth of the stem of noble dendrobium; Annual weeding is 2 times behind the growing dendrobium, the 1st time mid-March to early April, the 2nd time between November; In summer high temperature season, unsuitable weeding is in order to avoid influence stem of noble dendrobium normal growth.Before germinateing annual spring or when gathering the stem of noble dendrobium, should cut off the old branch of part and deadwood, and the stem branch of growing overstocked, to promote the sprouting growth.Stem of noble dendrobium plantation is after 4 years, and plant sprouts a lot, old root death, and matrix is rotted, and infection process makes plant strain growth bad, so should turn over the root and stem of certain plants according to growing state, removes dry and decayed old root, carries out plant division, and cultivation separately is to promote growth and the increasing both production and income of plant;
The 5th step: the extermination of disease and insect pest
Usually the disease that occurs in the stem of noble dendrobium growth and development process mainly contains:
4. black spot: this disease is everlasting and is taken place for 3~May.With 1: 1: 150 bordeaux mixture or 1000 times of liquid preventions of many spirits with control its development;
5. sooty mould: be the main period of disease of this disease 3~May, with 1000 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim or 1~2 control of 1500 times of liquid sprayings of 40% dimethoate emulsion;
6. anthracnose: be the main period of disease of this disease 1~May.With 1000 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim or 1000 times of liquid sprayings of 50% thiophanate methyl, to prevent and to control this disease to the infection of new strain;
The primary pest of finding has at present:
2. the luxuriant and rich with fragrance shield mosquito of the stem of noble dendrobium: this insect late May is the hatching Sheng phase, with 1000 times of liquid of 35% dimethoate emulsifiable concentrate or that l~3 degree lime sulfurs are sprayed effect is better, has become the shield shell but the few person of amount, can take to wipe out old branches and leaves sheet and concentrate and burn or twist with the fingers dead way and prevent and treat;
2. snail: mix chlorophos with wheat bran, be sprinkling upon insect and often movable place carry out period poison bait, spray chlorophos, deltamethrin pesticide at cultivation bed and surrounding enviroment, also can spread quicklime;
The 6th step: gather and all can gather throughout the year after 2 years with preliminary working cultivation, but with the Beginning of Winter before clear and bright plant not the rudiment results be good; When gathering, old plant is cut from basal part of stem with scissors or reaping hook, noted adopting and stay tenderly always, make the tender strain continued growth that stays, reach plantation in a year, the purpose of Shou Yiing for many years, the bright stem of noble dendrobium is adopted back not defoliation and fibrous root, direct hyoscine.Or remove fibrous root and branches and leaves, standby with wet husky storage;
Traditional processing method of dendrobium chrysanthum has having one's hair waved and propagandizes method hotly
2. having one's hair waved method: the bright stem of noble dendrobium is removed blade and fibrous root, in water, soaks a few days, the leaf sheath plasma membrane is rotted after, brush away the leaf sheath plasma membrane on the stem stalk or remove plasma membrane with the stranding of chaff shell with brush.Toast after drying water, the oven dry back bundlees with dry rice straw, and bamboo mat is built, make airtight, the baking firepower is unsuitable excessive, and wants evenly, when baking is done to 8 one-tenth, once also oven dry of row rubbing again, take out a little boiling water of spray, order is stacked then, covers with straw mattress, make color become golden yellow, baking is to absolutely dry again;
2. propagandize method hotly: the bright stem of noble dendrobium after the above-mentioned clean system is in accordance with the law placed in the pot that fills the river sand of making popular, with heat is husky the stem of noble dendrobium is pushed down, often stir up and down, fry to slight cracker is arranged, during the dry and cracked and perk of leaf sheath, take out immediately and be placed in rubbing repeatedly on the wooden washboard, to eliminate residual leaf sheath, wash silt, under burning sun, dry, crumple repeatedly again next day after the night dew, 3 times so repeatedly, make its golden yellow color, quality is tight, is drying to obtain.

Claims (1)

1. HERBA DENDROBII standardization facility cultivation method, it is characterized in that: this method step is as follows:
The first step: put in order to choosing the environment that dendrobe cultivation ground, ground should select half cloudy half light, air humidity is more than 75%, and winter temperature is in area more than 3 ℃; Seeds should with yellow square rafter tree, pear tree, camphor tree etc. and answer bark thick, longitudinal furrow, moisture many, branches and leaves are luxuriant, trunk the is thick tree that lives arranged; Also should should there be moss growth on stone ground on the stone at shady and cool, humid region, and there is a small amount of humus on the surface.To carry out readjustment of field plot earlier during the plantation stem of noble dendrobium, its basic demand is: when the rock plantation stem of noble dendrobium of bulk, beat nest with awl by the spacing of 30 centimetres of strains, line-spacing 30 cm x on the Ying Zaishi face, dark 8 centimetres of nest, low side makes a call to a little delivery port at the stone face, rot in case ponding causes base portion, should protect the liver moss at other positions on the stone face when beating nest; When little gravel is planted the stem of noble dendrobium, weeds, assorted branch in the ground are removed, reserve the good tree of sheltering from heat or light, too much overstocked little assorted tree is removed, in order to increasing light transmittance;
Second step: propagation method is minimum because of stem of noble dendrobium seed, and 20,000 seeds are arranged in each capsule approximately, generally needs to cultivate in group training chamber; Actual small-scale production is used vegetative propagation always, carry out in spring or autumn, select that 2 years growth potentials are good, the plant more than the no damage by disease and insect, well developed root system, rudiment is as kind of a strain, it is uprooped, remove deadwood and disconnected skill, cut long fibrous root, old root keeps about 8 centimetres, by how much being divided into of stem number of some clumps, every clump of palpus has stem more than 5, can plant;
The 3rd step: the plantation of the cultivation method stem of noble dendrobium should be selected in spring (3~April), the plantation of season in autumn (8~September) for well, and is more suitable than the plantation in autumn with the plantation in spring especially;
1. paste stone plantation method
Select crack of stone, the stone cistern of dark and damp sylvan life that the humus place is arranged, the root of subcaespitose stem of noble dendrobium seedling will be divided, encase with cow dung mud, fill in rock seam or the groove, stress is sought to stable solid during plug, in order to avoid drop, if cultivate at gravel, its way is that seedling is lain on the gravel, pushes down the seedling middle and lower part with stone then, base portion, top expose outside, with the motionless degree of being of wind; Around the stone face, plant the stem of noble dendrobium, available awl is made a call to an alveole, should in bright cow dung, can participate in 40: 1 phosphate fertilizer in advance, adding water steps on mixed, rare humidity is pinched with hand and is not stayed water degree of being in the webs, stem of noble dendrobium seedling is tightly touched alveole, grab on the other hand and get the middle and lower part that cow dung rides over stem of noble dendrobium seedling stem ready, make seedling be attached on the stone securely;
2. paste tree plantation method
Cut a shallow breach at more flat and thick trunk or branch recess or every 40 centimetres with cutter, and peel off some barks, the stem of noble dendrobium seedling that to get ready then is fixed on the breach place of tree with bamboo nail or rope with base portion, again with cow dung mud spread upon its root and around in the bark ditch.For preventing the moving and rain drop erosion of wind, generally use the bamboo nail stickfast or tie up the 1-3 circle with ropes such as thin bamboo strips used for weavings, so that fixedly stem of noble dendrobium fibrous root and plant when planting in the tree, should carry out on trunk or crotch from top to down;
The 4th step: should keep moistening air conditions after the plantation of the field management stem of noble dendrobium, suitably water, but be strictly on guard against and water dilutional hyponatremia, must guard against the mashed root of ponding; Need not apply fertilizer during the plantation stem of noble dendrobium, the stem of noble dendrobium is planted and was begun to topdress in back 1 year, and annual 2 times, the 1st time is short bud fertilizer, carries out before and after clear and bright in the Spring Equinox; The 2nd time is warming fertilizer, is carrying out in the Beginning of Winter of around; Add phosphate fertilizer and a small amount of nitrogenous fertilizer with grouts, bean dregs, cow dung, pig manure, fertile mud and mix and mix well, paste one deck thinly at its root then.Because it is relatively poor that the root of the stem of noble dendrobium absorbs the function of nutrition, for promoting its growth, in its vegetative period, often every 1~2 month, the superphosphate with 3% or 1.5% potassium sulphate carry out foliage fertilization; No matter the stem of noble dendrobium that adopts which kind of mode to cultivate, its fertilising water time all in the morning dew carry out after doing, forbid under the high temperature that The hot sun is high in the sky, to use, otherwise will have a strong impact on the normal growth of the stem of noble dendrobium; Annual weeding is 2 times behind the growing dendrobium, the 1st time mid-March to early April, the 2nd time between November; In summer high temperature season, unsuitable weeding is in order to avoid influence stem of noble dendrobium normal growth.Before germinateing annual spring or when gathering the stem of noble dendrobium, should cut off the old branch of part and deadwood, and the stem branch of growing overstocked, to promote the sprouting growth.Stem of noble dendrobium plantation is after 4 years, and plant sprouts a lot, old root death, and matrix is rotted, and infection process makes plant strain growth bad, so should turn over the root and stem of certain plants according to growing state, removes dry and decayed old root, carries out plant division, and cultivation separately is to promote growth and the increasing both production and income of plant;
The 5th step: the extermination of disease and insect pest
Usually the disease that occurs in the stem of noble dendrobium growth and development process mainly contains:
1. black spot: this disease is everlasting and is taken place for 3~May.With 1: 1: 150 bordeaux mixture or 1000 times of liquid preventions of many spirits with control its development;
2. sooty mould: be the main period of disease of this disease 3~May, with 1000 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim or 1~2 control of 1500 times of liquid sprayings of 40% dimethoate emulsion;
3. anthracnose: be the main period of disease of this disease 1~May.With 1000 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim or 1000 times of liquid sprayings of 50% thiophanate methyl, to prevent and to control this disease to the infection of new strain;
The primary pest of finding has at present:
1. the luxuriant and rich with fragrance shield mosquito of the stem of noble dendrobium: this insect late May is the hatching Sheng phase, with 1000 times of liquid of 35% dimethoate emulsifiable concentrate or that l~3 degree lime sulfurs are sprayed effect is better, has become the shield shell but the few person of amount, can take to wipe out old branches and leaves sheet and concentrate and burn or twist with the fingers dead way and prevent and treat;
2. snail: mix chlorophos with wheat bran, be sprinkling upon insect and often movable place carry out period poison bait, spray chlorophos, deltamethrin pesticide at cultivation bed and surrounding enviroment, also can spread quicklime;
The 6th step: gather and all can gather throughout the year after 2 years with preliminary working cultivation, but with the Beginning of Winter before clear and bright plant not the rudiment results be good; When gathering, old plant is cut from basal part of stem with scissors or reaping hook, noted adopting and stay tenderly always, make the tender strain continued growth that stays, reach plantation in a year, the purpose of Shou Yiing for many years, the bright stem of noble dendrobium is adopted back not defoliation and fibrous root, direct hyoscine.Or remove fibrous root and branches and leaves, standby with wet husky storage;
Traditional processing method of dendrobium chrysanthum has having one's hair waved and propagandizes method hotly
1. having one's hair waved method: the bright stem of noble dendrobium is removed blade and fibrous root, in water, soaks a few days, the leaf sheath plasma membrane is rotted after, brush away the leaf sheath plasma membrane on the stem stalk or remove plasma membrane with the stranding of chaff shell with brush.Toast after drying water, the oven dry back bundlees with dry rice straw, and bamboo mat is built, make airtight, the baking firepower is unsuitable excessive, and wants evenly, when baking is done to 8 one-tenth, once also oven dry of row rubbing again, take out a little boiling water of spray, order is stacked then, covers with straw mattress, make color become golden yellow, baking is to absolutely dry again;
2. propagandize method hotly: the bright stem of noble dendrobium after the above-mentioned clean system is in accordance with the law placed in the pot that fills the river sand of making popular, with heat is husky the stem of noble dendrobium is pushed down, often stir up and down, fry to slight cracker is arranged, during the dry and cracked and perk of leaf sheath, take out immediately and be placed in rubbing repeatedly on the wooden washboard, to eliminate residual leaf sheath, wash silt, under burning sun, dry, crumple repeatedly again next day after the night dew, 3 times so repeatedly, make its golden yellow color, quality is tight, is drying to obtain.
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