CN103190266A - High-yield cultivation method for honeysuckle on saline and alkaline land - Google Patents

High-yield cultivation method for honeysuckle on saline and alkaline land Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103190266A
CN103190266A CN 201310118450 CN201310118450A CN103190266A CN 103190266 A CN103190266 A CN 103190266A CN 201310118450 CN201310118450 CN 201310118450 CN 201310118450 A CN201310118450 A CN 201310118450A CN 103190266 A CN103190266 A CN 103190266A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
honeysuckle
saline
saline land
plant
land
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN 201310118450
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张永清
张龙霏
张芳
李佳
Original Assignee
张永清
张龙霏
张芳
李佳
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张永清, 张龙霏, 张芳, 李佳 filed Critical 张永清
Priority to CN 201310118450 priority Critical patent/CN103190266A/en
Publication of CN103190266A publication Critical patent/CN103190266A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a high-yield cultivation method for honeysuckle on saline and alkaline land. The method includes the key technical steps: selecting 'great mullein' breeds and two-year seedlings; selecting the saline and alkaline land with the salt content of 0.2%-0.3% and pH (potential of hydrogen) of 7.5-8.5; building a drainage system, plowing the land and excavating planting holes; applying 15kg of decayed farm manure and 250g of saline and alkaline land crop compound fertilizers as basic fertilizers in the holes; timely changing soil, planting the honeysuckle and covering black plastic films; reasonably performing pruning and topdressing; comprehensively preventing insect diseases; timely harvesting the honeysuckle; and the like. The honeysuckle is planted on a light saline and alkaline land parcel by the method, so that plants can normally grow and develop, saline and alkaline land resources are sufficiently used, the ecological environment of the saline and alkaline land can be improved, and the land can be improved step by step. Compared with a common planting method, the method has the advantages that the survival rate of the honeysuckle plants reaches 100%, the yield of five-year grown plant medicinal materials is increased by 86.3%, the content of chlorogenic acid and galuteolin is slightly improved and meets 2010 edition standard requirements of China Pharmacopeia, and the method is simple, practicable, easy to operate, remarkable in economic, ecological and social benefit and wide in popularization and application prospect.

Description

A kind of saline land honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method
Technical field
The present invention is subordinate to medicinal plant cultivation method and technology field, be specifically related to a kind of saline land honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method, but guarantee fund's honeysuckle flower vine growth and development is normal, improves the traditional Chinese medicine honeysuckle yield and quality, and is significant with improvement for the development and use in saline land.
Background technology
The saline land refers to salt content more than 0.1%~0.2%, or soil colloid absorption some exchangeable sodiums, and basicity surpasses 15%~20%, is harmful to the soil types that plant normal growth is grown.According to FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) and Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's statistics, there are about 1,000,000,000 hm in various saline lands in the whole world 2, account for 10% of global land surface substantially, relate to more than 100 countries and regions.China's saline land kind is many, distribution is wide, about 100,000,000 hm of area 2, major part is in uncultivated state, and the available saline and alkaline arable land of small part output is also very low.Along with social development, arable area reduces day by day, improves and develop the major issue that saline and alkaline land resources that general plant can not normal growth has become World Focusing.Be to reduce the saline and alkaline in saline land, adopt usually and irritate fresh water and drench the salt method, not only waste a large amount of freshwater resources, planting cost height, and can not fundamentally reduce the saline land saline and alkaline, be unfavorable for the later development utilization.Attempt the strong economic plants of some salt-resistances of plantation in the saline land, for the ecosystem that improves the saline land, enrich the plant species diversity, improve productivity of land and the plantation income has very important realistic meaning, therefore select the floristics of suitable saline land plantation is the target that people make great efforts always, but because the restriction of various factors, actual plantation popularizing area is also little.
Honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Thunb. is the perennial bejuco of Caprifoliaceae, and extensive distribution is worldwide arranged, and has very strong environmental suitability.Its bud belongs to famous traditional Chinese medicine, and annual requirement is above 2,000 ten thousand kilograms.Except medicinal, honeysuckle also has purposes very widely in fields such as daily-use chemical industry, food and drink, animal feeding-stuffs.In recent years, the market demand of honeysuckle increases considerably year by year, and the plantation honeysuckle has favorable economic benefit, and its area under cultivation enlarges year by year, but mainly is to carry out in the arable land.Honeysuckle has certain anti-salt alkali ability, if can plant in the saline land, not only can improve the soil, and can improve the plantation income.Once there were a lot of people to attempt planting honeysuckle in the saline land, and obtained remarkable progress.Because saline land unique natural environment and common arable land are widely different, adopt commonsense method when saline land plantation honeysuckle, not only vine growth and development is slow, and usually cause plant death, medicinal material yields poorly, the plantation income is not high, promotes so saline land plantation honeysuckle never has large tracts of land.
Summary of the invention
When the present invention is directed to saline land plantation honeysuckle, because of soil salt content height, structure poor, the situation that vine growth and development is slow, lethality is high, medicinal material yields poorly, determine that the technical problem that will solve is: select anti-saline and alkaline kind, cultivate energetic transplanted seedling, set up drainage system, covering with plastic film reduction salt content, enrich fertilizer, trimming and finishing promotion vine growth and development, the integrated control damage by disease and insect, increase substantially traditional Chinese medicine honeysuckle output, guarantee medical material quanlity, be lifted at economic benefit, social benefit and the ecological benefits of saline land plantation honeysuckle.
The present invention is directed to the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of saline land honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method is provided, specifically comprise selection " big hair flower " kind, grew seedlings in 2 years, and selected the light saline land of salt content 2 ‰~3 ‰, pH7.5~8.5, build drainage system, plough the soil and dig planting hole, spread manuer in holes well-rotted farmyard manure, saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer as base manure, soil removal and replacement is planted and covering with plastic film, rational pruning with topdress integrated control damage by disease and insect and optimum harvest etc.
Specify as follows to a kind of saline land of the present invention honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method below:
1, selects " big hair flower " kind, grew seedlings in 2 years
" big hair flower " is the local farm variety that the long-term natural selection of honeysuckle main producing region, Shandong warp and artificially breeding form, and its plant strain growth is energetic, and saline-alkali tolerance is stronger, and flower bud differentiation quantity is many, and medicinal material output is higher, is suitable for planting in light saline land.
Grew seedlings in 2 years and refer in 8~September, the clip robust growth, the bud hypertrophy, quantity of differentiation is many, annual energetic branch on " big hair flower " honeysuckle plant of anosis worm harm, be cut into transplanting of long 20~30cm, its underpart 2/3 oblique cutting is gone into preprepared the soil is porous fertile, draining is good, irrigate easily on the sand loam seedbed, keep seeding row spacing 15 * 30cm, strengthened fertilising in 1 year, prune, field management such as the extermination of disease and insect pest, prune before plant germinates the 3rd year early spring in advance, major branch length is remained on about 20cm, wipe out sprig, weak branch plays transplantation of seedlings then.The growth time of planting than 1 year seedling of growing seedlings of growing seedlings in 2 years prolongs 1 year, and more energetic, adaptability obviously strengthens, and anti-salt alkali ability significantly improves.
2, select the light saline land of salt content 2 ‰~3 ‰, pH7.5~8.5
The anti-salt alkali ability of honeysuckle plant is limited, grow and be obstructed in heavy, middle saline land, survival rate obviously reduces, therefore have only select salt content 2 ‰~3 ‰, the light saline and alkaline plot of pH7.5~8.5, and take certain technical measures, just can make the honeysuckle vine growth and development normal, obtain desirable medicinal material output.
3, build drainage system, plough the soil and dig planting hole
Building rational drainage system is the effective measures of in time getting rid of field ponding, reducing the topsoil soils saline and alkaline.The drainage system of honeysuckle planting site refers to along main drain, inferior drain ditch, furrow and the traverse furrow of ground length direction setting, main drain spacing 90m, furrow width 1.5m, ditch depth 1m, inferior spacing of drainage ditches 30m, furrow width 1m, ditch depth 0.7m, furrow spacing 10m, furrow width 0.3m, ditch depth 0.2m, traverse furrow spacing 30m, furrow width 0.3m, ditch depth 0.2m, drain ditch, furrow and traverse furrow directly are communicated with river system.Plough the soil and refer to 20~25cm is ploughed in the soil, make loosing soil.Digging planting hole refers to by the circular planting hole that seeding row spacing 1.5 * 2m digs diameter 50cm, dark 35cm, use and take full advantage of to be conducive to the concentrated of fertilizer early spring.
4, soil removal and replacement is planted and covering with plastic film
Described timely soil removal and replacement is planted and refer in time rise transplantation of seedlings after having been dug planting hole early spring, guarantee during lifting that seedling is injury-free, root system is complete, the cave bottom application go into well-rotted farmyard manure 15kg, saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer 250g as base manure after, with non-saline and alkaline cultivated native landfill seedling, compacting is watered, and the saline-alkali soil that digs out focuses in the ranks, make it become a high ridge, be convenient to absorb accumulation of salt in the surface soil alkali on the concentrated soil; Described covering with plastic film refers to plant back second day, covers black mulch film on honeysuckle plant base portion ground, and width is 1.4m, and each firming 15cm in the mulch film both sides changed 1 time when every year, spring, rhizosphere topdressed.Human and animal excreta, barnyard manure, cake fertilizer, the compost that the well-rotted farmyard manure of using refers to fully to become thoroughly decomposed, make compost, natural pond fertilizer etc., saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer refers to the mixture of 4 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 1 part in urea, uses the saline alkali that these fertilizer can effectively be alleviated soil.
5, rational pruning and topdressing
Rational pruning refers to prune 1 time before plant rudiment in spring, the weak branch of heavy pruning, close branch, 2 years branches of light pruning, strong branch, stay strong bud, full bud, go up twig, branch upwards, cut to undershoot, bud, weak branch down, spend the back to prune 1 time for every batch then, the first planting spends the back to go to the top, keep trunk 40cm, the back light pruning autumn is spent slightly for three, four batches in the tip tip of the mitogenetic nutrition side shoot of regrowth hair back light pruning.Can adjust nutrition status of the plant by rational pruning, promote flower bud differentiation, be beneficial to ventilation and penetrating light simultaneously, reduce disease worm incidence.Topdress and comprise that rhizosphere topdresses and foliage spray, rhizosphere topdresses and refers to after the spring break that around the plant base portion 40~50cm place digs annular groove one dark, wide 20cm, apply the fertilizer 15kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer 300g, 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate 80kg was sprayed in per 500 strains when foliar application referred to every batch of colored flower bud differentiation.Topdress and both can in time replenish plant nutrition, promote that bud breaks up again, can improve plant again and resist ability saline and alkaline, disease-resistant worm.
6, integrated control damage by disease and insect
The integrated control damage by disease and insect refers to the integrated use rational close planting, strengthens pruning, draining in time and spray the generation of the pre-preventing disease and pests of measure such as medicament behind the increasing application phosphorus potassium fertilizer, rain.When being difficult to prevent, adopts agricultural measures chemical control, the powdery mildew their early stage sprays 50% colloid sulphur 100g and converts water 20kg or 2000 times of liquid of 15% trazodone wettable powder, brown spot their early stage spray bordeaux mixture, 600 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim etc. 2~3 times, 10~15 days at interval, aphid, honeysuckle looper are picked flowers and discontinued medication in preceding 15 days with 4000 times of liquid sprayings of 2.5% deltamethrin milk oil control.Wherein bordeaux mixture refers to by the formulated sky blue gluey suspension of 500g copper sulphate, 750g quicklime and 150kg water, have that fungicidal spectrum is wide, the lasting period is long, to characteristics such as people and animals' low toxicities, be a kind of protectiveness basic copper sulfate bactericide.Chemical control need be accomplished anti-early controlling early, and will be at the innerlich anwenden in safe period.
7, timely collecting
Refer to gather when the bud first half becomes white, medicinal material yields poorly too early, and it is poor to cross late medical material quanlity.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: by selecting anti-saline and alkaline kind for use, cultivating strong sprout, for saline land plantation honeysuckle has been established solid germplasm basis; By setting up drainage system, changing the seedling soil of planting, improved the external environment condition of honeysuckle plant strain growth; By covering black mulch film, effectively suppressed the soil accumulation of salt in the surface soil and weeds propagation and widespread, improved soil moisture content simultaneously, during vine growth and development, need not to water, reduced planting cost, saved freshwater resources; By trimming and finishing, increase application of organic fertilizers and saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer, promoted vine growth and development, improved the plant resistance, reduced sick worm incidence and plant lethality; During every batch of flower bud differentiation, by the foliage-spray composite chemical fertilizer, can replenish plant nutrition, avoid again soil environment is impacted.Adopt this method in salt content 2 ‰~3 ‰, the light saline and alkaline plot of pH7.5~8.5 plants honeysuckle, saline and alkaline land resources is fully used, and can make the saline land progressively realize improvement, compare with the common species method for planting, survival rate of plant reaches 100%, living plant medicinal material output had improved 86.3% in 5 years, and chlorogenic acid and galuteolin content also have raising slightly, and met Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China version standard code in 2010.This method is simple and feasible, easy operating, and economic benefit, ecological benefits, obvious social benefit have broad prospect for its application.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment honeysuckle of the present invention saline land high-yield cultivating method is further described.
Saline land honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method mainly comprises following technical management link.
(1) select for use anti-salt kind to select for use honeysuckle main producing region, Shandong through the local farm variety " big hair flower " of long-term natural selection and artificially breeding formation, its plant strain growth is energetic, and saline-alkali tolerance is stronger, and medicinal material output is higher.
(2) cultivate strong sprout in 8~September, the clip robust growth, the bud hypertrophy, quantity of differentiation is many, annual energetic branch on " big hair flower " honeysuckle plant of anosis worm harm, be cut into transplanting of long 20~30cm, its underpart 2/3 oblique cutting is gone into preprepared the soil is porous fertile, draining is good, irrigate easily on the sand loam seedbed, keep seeding row spacing 15 * 30cm, strengthened fertilising in 1 year, prune, field management such as the extermination of disease and insect pest, prune before plant germinates the 3rd year early spring in advance, major branch length is remained on about 20cm, wipe out sprig, weak branch plays transplantation of seedlings then.
(3) select the saline land of saline alkali appropriateness select salt content 2 ‰~3 ‰, the light saline and alkaline plot of pH7.5~8.5.
(4) science wholely specifically comprises and builds drainage system, ploughs the soil and dig planting hole.Drainage system comprises main drain, inferior drain ditch, furrow and the traverse furrow that arranges along the ground length direction, main drain spacing 90m, furrow width 1.5m, ditch depth 1m, inferior spacing of drainage ditches 30m, furrow width 1m, ditch depth 0.7m, furrow spacing 10m, furrow width 0.3m, ditch depth 0.2m, traverse furrow spacing 30m, furrow width 0.3m, ditch depth 0.2m, drain ditch, furrow and traverse furrow directly are communicated with river system.Plough soil 20~25cm after building up drainage system, wait for and transplanting by the circular planting hole that seeding row spacing 1.5 * 2m digs diameter 50cm, dark 35cm early spring.
(5) rational application of fertilizer fertilising comprises soil application and foliar application, what the base manure of using when soil application comprises transplanting again and growing period were used topdresses, equal farmyard manures to become thoroughly decomposed, compounding application saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer, base manure is well-rotted farmyard manure 15kg, saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer 250g, impose on the planting hole bottom, topdress for after the spring break around the plant base portion 40~50cm place dig one dark, the annular groove of wide 20cm, apply the fertilizer 15kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer 250g, foliar application sprays once when being every batch of colored flower bud differentiation, and per 500 strains are with concentration 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate 80kg.
Need not during strain is grown to water, reduced planting cost, saved freshwater resources; By trimming and finishing, increase application of organic fertilizers and saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer, promoted vine growth and development, improved the plant resistance, reduced sick worm incidence and plant lethality; During every batch of flower bud differentiation, by the foliage-spray composite chemical fertilizer, can replenish plant nutrition, avoid again soil environment is impacted.Adopt this method in salt content 2 ‰~3 ‰, the light saline and alkaline plot of pH7.5~8.5 plants honeysuckle, saline and alkaline land resources is fully used, and can make the saline land progressively realize improvement, compare with the common species method for planting, survival rate of plant reaches 100%, living plant medicinal material output had improved 86.3% in 5 years, and chlorogenic acid and galuteolin content also have raising slightly, and met Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China version standard code in 2010.This method is simple and feasible, easy operating, and economic benefit, ecological benefits, obvious social benefit have broad prospect for its application.
Embodiment
[0006] below in conjunction with specific embodiment honeysuckle of the present invention saline land high-yield cultivating method is further described.
[0007] saline land honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method mainly comprises following technical management link.
[0008] (1) selects for use anti-salt kind to select for use honeysuckle main producing region, Shandong through the local farm variety " big hair flower " of long-term natural selection and artificially breeding formation, and its plant strain growth is energetic, and saline-alkali tolerance is stronger, and medicinal material output is higher.
[0009] (2) cultivate strong sprout in 8~September, the clip robust growth, the bud hypertrophy, quantity of differentiation is many, annual energetic branch on " big hair flower " honeysuckle plant of anosis worm harm, be cut into transplanting of long 20~30cm, its underpart 2/3 oblique cutting is gone into preprepared the soil is porous fertile, draining is good, irrigate easily on the sand loam seedbed, keep seeding row spacing 15 * 30cm, strengthened fertilising in 1 year, prune, field management such as the extermination of disease and insect pest, prune before plant germinates the 3rd year early spring in advance, major branch length is remained on about 20cm, wipe out sprig, weak branch plays transplantation of seedlings then.
[0010] (3) select the saline land of saline alkali appropriateness select salt content 2 ‰~3 ‰, the light saline and alkaline plot of pH7.5~8.5.
[0011] (4) science wholely specifically comprises and builds drainage system, ploughs the soil and dig planting hole.Drainage system comprises main drain, inferior drain ditch, furrow and the traverse furrow that arranges along the ground length direction, main drain spacing 90m, furrow width 1.5m, ditch depth 1m, inferior spacing of drainage ditches 30m, furrow width 1m, ditch depth 0.7m, furrow spacing 10m, furrow width 0.3m, ditch depth 0.2m, traverse furrow spacing 30m, furrow width 0.3m, ditch depth 0.2m, drain ditch, furrow and traverse furrow directly are communicated with river system.Plough soil 20~25cm after building up drainage system, wait for and transplanting by the circular planting hole that seeding row spacing 1.5 * 2m digs diameter 50cm, dark 35cm early spring.
[0012] fertilising of (5) rational application of fertilizer comprises soil application and foliar application, what the base manure of using when soil application comprises transplanting again and growing period were used topdresses, equal farmyard manures to become thoroughly decomposed, compounding application saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer, base manure is well-rotted farmyard manure 15kg, saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer 250g, impose on the planting hole bottom, topdress for after the spring break around the plant base portion 40~50cm place dig one dark, the annular groove of wide 20cm, apply the fertilizer 15kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer 250g, foliar application sprays once when being every batch of colored flower bud differentiation, and per 500 strains are with concentration 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate 80kg.
Medicinal material determination of yield method: on same light saline land, plant 10 mu of honeysuckles respectively with commonsense method and the inventive method, plant the back and carried out the medicinal material determination of yield on the 5th year, select 30 plant and the sign of listing respectively at random the big Tanaka of honeysuckle who adopts the plantation of commonsense method and the inventive method, at any time pluck its bud that produces, dry, claim to decide dry weight, calculate every strain annual production.
Determination of chlorogenic acid method: 1. chromatographic condition and system suitability test: be filler with the octadecylsilane chemically bonded silica; Be the phase that flows with acetonitrile-0.4% phosphoric acid solution (13: 87); The detection wavelength is 327nm.Number of theoretical plate calculates by the chlorogenic acid peak should be not less than 1000.2. the preparation of reference substance solution: it is an amount of to get the chlorogenic acid reference substance, and accurate the title decides, and puts in the brown measuring bottle, adds 50% methyl alcohol and makes the solution that every 1ml contains 40 μ g, namely gets (preserving below 10 ℃).3. the preparation of need testing solution: get the about 0.5g of this product powder (crossing sieve No. four), the accurate title, decide, and puts in the tool plug conical flask, the accurate 50% methyl alcohol 50ml that adds claims to decide weight, ultrasonic processing (power 250W, frequency 35kHz) 30 minutes, put coldly, claim to decide weight again, supply the weight that subtracts mistake with 50% methyl alcohol, shake up, filter, precision is measured subsequent filtrate 5ml, puts in the brown measuring bottle of 25ml, adds 50% methyl alcohol to scale, shake up, namely.4. determination method: accurate each 5~10 μ l of reference substance solution and need testing solution that draw respectively, inject liquid chromatograph, mensuration, namely.
Galuteolin content assaying method: 1. chromatographic condition and system suitability test: be filler (Agilent ZORBAX SB-phenyl4.6mm * 250mm with the phenyl silane bonded silica gel, 5 μ m), be mobile phase A with the acetonitrile, be Mobile phase B with 0.5% glacial acetic acid solution, the regulation in the according to the form below is carried out gradient elution; The detection wavelength is 350nm.Number of theoretical plate calculates by the galuteolin peak should be not less than 20000.
2. the preparation of reference substance solution: it is an amount of to get the galuteolin reference substance, and accurate the title decides, and adds 70% ethanol and makes the solution that every 1ml contains 40 μ g, namely.3. the preparation of need testing solution: get the about 2g of this product fine powder (crossing sieve No. four), the accurate title, decide, and puts in the tool plug conical flask, the accurate 70% ethanol 50ml that adds, claim to decide weight, ultrasonic processing (power 250W, frequency 35kHz) 1 hour is put cold, claim to decide weight again, supply the weight that subtracts mistake with 70% ethanol, shake up, filter.Precision is measured subsequent filtrate 10ml, reclaims solvent to doing, and residue dissolves with 70% ethanol, is transferred in the 5ml measuring bottle, adds 70% ethanol to scale, namely.4. determination method: accurate each 10 μ l of reference substance solution and need testing solution that draw respectively, inject liquid chromatograph, mensuration, namely.

Claims (10)

1. saline land honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method, comprise selection " big hair flower " kind, grew seedlings in 2 years, select the light saline land of salt content 2 ‰~3 ‰, pH7.5~8.5, build drainage system, plough the soil and dig planting hole, spread manuer in holes well-rotted farmyard manure 15kg, saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer 250g as base manure, soil removal and replacement is planted and covering with plastic film, rational pruning with topdress integrated control damage by disease and insect and timely collecting etc.
2. saline land as claimed in claim 1 honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method, it is characterized in that: described " big hair flower " kind refers to the local farm variety that the long-term natural selection of honeysuckle main producing region, Shandong warp and artificially breeding form, its plant strain growth is energetic, and saline-alkali tolerance is strong; Grew seedlings in described 2 years and refer in 8~September, the clip robust growth, the bud hypertrophy, quantity of differentiation is many, annual energetic branch on " big hair flower " honeysuckle plant of anosis worm harm, be cut into transplanting of long 20~30cm, its underpart 2/3 oblique cutting is gone into preprepared the soil is porous fertile, draining is good, irrigate easily on the sand loam seedbed, keep seeding row spacing 15 * 30cm, strengthened fertilising in 1 year, prune, field management such as the extermination of disease and insect pest, prune before plant germinates the 3rd year early spring in advance, major branch length is remained on about 20cm, wipe out sprig, weak branch plays transplantation of seedlings then.
3. saline land as claimed in claim 1 honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method, it is characterized in that: described drainage system refers to along main drain, inferior drain ditch, furrow and the traverse furrow of ground length direction setting, main drain spacing 90m, furrow width 1.5m, ditch depth 1m, inferior spacing of drainage ditches 30m, furrow width 1m, ditch depth 0.7m, furrow spacing 10m, furrow width 0.3m, ditch depth 0.2m, traverse furrow spacing 30m, furrow width 0.3m, ditch depth 0.2m, drain ditch, furrow and traverse furrow directly are communicated with river system; Ploughing the soil refers to 20~25cm is ploughed in the soil; Dig planting hole and refer to dig by seeding row spacing 1.5 * 2m early spring the circular planting hole of diameter 50cm, dark 35cm.
4. saline land as claimed in claim 1 honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method, it is characterized in that: described soil removal and replacement is planted and refer in time rise transplantation of seedlings after having been dug planting hole early spring, guarantee during lifting that seedling is injury-free, root system is complete, the cave bottom application go into well-rotted farmyard manure 15kg, saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer 250g as base manure after, with non-saline and alkaline cultivated native landfill seedling, compacting is watered, the saline-alkali soil that digs out focuses in the ranks, makes it become a high ridge; Described covering with plastic film refers to plant back second day, covers black mulch film on honeysuckle plant base portion ground, and width is 1.4m, and each firming 15cm in the mulch film both sides changed 1 time when every year, spring, rhizosphere topdressed.
5. saline land as claimed in claim 1 honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method is characterized in that: human and animal excreta, barnyard manure, cake fertilizer, the compost that the described fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed refers to fully to become thoroughly decomposed, make compost, natural pond fertilizer etc.; Saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer refers to the mixture of 4 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 1 part in urea.
6. saline land as claimed in claim 1 honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method, it is characterized in that: described rational pruning refers to prune 1 time before plant rudiment in spring, the weak branch of heavy pruning, close branch, 2 years branches of light pruning, strong branch stay strong bud, full bud, go up twig, branch upwards, cut to undershoot, following bud, weak branch, spend the back to prune 1 time for every batch then, the first planting spends the back to go to the top, keeps trunk 40cm, the back light pruning autumn is spent slightly for three, four batches in the tip tip of the mitogenetic nutrition side shoot of regrowth hair back light pruning; Described topdressing comprises that rhizosphere topdresses and foliage spray, rhizosphere topdresses and refers to after the spring break that around the plant base portion 40~50cm place digs annular groove one dark, wide 20cm, apply the fertilizer 15kg that becomes thoroughly decomposed, saline land crop composite chemical fertilizer 250g, 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate 80kg was sprayed in per 500 strains when foliar application referred to every batch of colored flower bud differentiation.
7. saline land as claimed in claim 1 honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method, it is characterized in that: described integrated control damage by disease and insect refers to the integrated use rational close planting, trimming and finishing, increasing application phosphorus potassium fertilizer, agricultural measures such as draining in time behind the rain, when being difficult to control, adopts damage by disease and insect chemical control again, the powdery mildew their early stage sprays 50% colloid sulphur 100g and converts water 20kg or 2000 times of liquid of 15% trazodone wettable powder, brown spot their early stage spray bordeaux mixture, 600 times of liquid of 50% carbendazim etc. 2~3 times, 10~15 days at interval, aphid, the honeysuckle looper is picked flowers and discontinued medication in preceding 15 days with 4000 times of liquid sprayings of 2.5% deltamethrin milk oil control.
8. saline land as claimed in claim 1 honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method; it is characterized in that: the bordeaux mixture in the described integrated pest prevention and control is by the formulated sky blue gluey suspension of 500g copper sulphate, 750g quicklime and 150kg water; said preparation has that fungicidal spectrum is wide, the lasting period is long, to characteristics such as people and animals' low toxicities, be a kind of protectiveness basic copper sulfate bactericide.
9. saline land as claimed in claim 1 honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method, it is characterized in that: described timely collecting refers to gather when the bud first half becomes white, and medicinal material yields poorly too early, and it is poor to cross late medical material quanlity.
10. a kind of saline land according to claim 1 honeysuckle high-yield cultivating method, it is characterized in that: but this method guarantee fund honeysuckle flower vine growth and development is normal, improve the yield and quality of traditional Chinese medicine honeysuckle, be fully used in the saline land, and can make the saline land progressively realize improvement, compare with the common species method for planting, survival rate of plant 100%, living plant output had improved 86.3% in 5 years, chlorogenic acid and galuteolin content also have raising slightly, and meet Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China version standard code in 2010.
CN 201310118450 2013-04-08 2013-04-08 High-yield cultivation method for honeysuckle on saline and alkaline land Pending CN103190266A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201310118450 CN103190266A (en) 2013-04-08 2013-04-08 High-yield cultivation method for honeysuckle on saline and alkaline land

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201310118450 CN103190266A (en) 2013-04-08 2013-04-08 High-yield cultivation method for honeysuckle on saline and alkaline land

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103190266A true CN103190266A (en) 2013-07-10

Family

ID=48713236

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201310118450 Pending CN103190266A (en) 2013-04-08 2013-04-08 High-yield cultivation method for honeysuckle on saline and alkaline land

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103190266A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104186194A (en) * 2014-09-27 2014-12-10 管天球 Method for cultivating honeysuckle in rocky land
CN104335792A (en) * 2013-07-28 2015-02-11 赵百华 Potted planting method for honeysuckle with medicinal and ornamental functions
CN105028106A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-11 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for planting malus asiatica on saline-alkali soil
CN105028107A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-11 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for cultivating pomegranate seedlings in saline-alkali soil
CN105075627A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-25 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for planting roxburgh roses and interplanting ficus tikoua bur in saline and alkali land
CN105103902A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-02 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for cultivating platycodon grandiflorum in saline-alkali land by means of greenhouse
CN105103699A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-02 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for improving severe saline-alkali land
CN105165332A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for culturing honeysuckle seedlings in saline-alkali soil
CN105981559A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-10-05 安徽亿源药业股份有限公司 Efficient cultivation method for honeysuckle
CN106234102A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-21 金方明 A kind of method of salt-soda soil plantation Flos Lonicerae
CN106305039A (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-01-11 山东省滨州市秋田种业有限责任公司 Novel saline-alkali soil yield increase technology
CN107094568A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-29 大连大学 A kind of slight alkaline land blueberry implantation methods
CN108293651A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-07-20 甘肃九间棚农业科技有限公司 A kind of list furrow overlay film plant honeysuckle method
CN108770406A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-09 宁夏绿峰源农业科技有限公司 Salt-soda soil good quality and high output quinoa implantation methods

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335792A (en) * 2013-07-28 2015-02-11 赵百华 Potted planting method for honeysuckle with medicinal and ornamental functions
CN104186194B (en) * 2014-09-27 2016-02-10 管天球 A kind ofly cultivate the method for honeysuckle in three difficulties
CN104186194A (en) * 2014-09-27 2014-12-10 管天球 Method for cultivating honeysuckle in rocky land
CN105028107A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-11 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for cultivating pomegranate seedlings in saline-alkali soil
CN105075627A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-25 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for planting roxburgh roses and interplanting ficus tikoua bur in saline and alkali land
CN105103902A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-02 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for cultivating platycodon grandiflorum in saline-alkali land by means of greenhouse
CN105103699A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-02 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for improving severe saline-alkali land
CN105165332A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-23 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for culturing honeysuckle seedlings in saline-alkali soil
CN105028106A (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-11-11 贵州开磷集团股份有限公司 Method for planting malus asiatica on saline-alkali soil
CN105981559A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-10-05 安徽亿源药业股份有限公司 Efficient cultivation method for honeysuckle
CN106234102A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-21 金方明 A kind of method of salt-soda soil plantation Flos Lonicerae
CN106305039A (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-01-11 山东省滨州市秋田种业有限责任公司 Novel saline-alkali soil yield increase technology
CN107094568A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-29 大连大学 A kind of slight alkaline land blueberry implantation methods
CN107094568B (en) * 2017-04-28 2019-12-24 大连大学 Blueberry planting method in mild saline-alkali soil
CN108293651A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-07-20 甘肃九间棚农业科技有限公司 A kind of list furrow overlay film plant honeysuckle method
CN108770406A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-09 宁夏绿峰源农业科技有限公司 Salt-soda soil good quality and high output quinoa implantation methods

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103190266A (en) High-yield cultivation method for honeysuckle on saline and alkaline land
CN105145261B (en) A kind of cultural method of fertile mandarin orange
CN102763551B (en) Cuttage and breeding technology for ampelopsis grossedentata
CN102257917B (en) Cost-saving and yield-increasing culture technique for southern winter potato
CN103262736B (en) High-efficiency production-increasing codonopsis pilosula cultivation method
CN104429487A (en) Method for planting mulberry trees
CN101194584B (en) Cultivation method for lemon
CN103238447A (en) High-quality high-efficiency high-yield blueberry cultivation method
CN103168602A (en) High-yield cultivation method for honeysuckles in low mountains and hills
CN106508560A (en) Yellow peach plantation method
CN103609274A (en) High-yield cultivation method of selenium-rich purple sweet potatoes
CN106212188B (en) A kind of Leaf-harvesting Ginkgo cultural method of good quality and high output
CN105532237A (en) Standardization planting technology of cold-highland-area aconitum vilmorimianum kom
CN106508586B (en) A kind of cultivation technique of young age large cherry interplanting Opius dimidiatus Ashmead
CN104429513A (en) Method for planting honeysuckle
CN104737768A (en) Efficient culture method of taro
CN104782355A (en) Honeysuckle normalization cultivation and management method
CN107258448A (en) A kind of high-yield planting method of jujube tree
CN110150014A (en) A kind of fertile mandarin orange industrialized planting method
CN102919090A (en) One-hole multi-plants close planting method for saline-alkali soil rice
CN107896664A (en) A kind of implantation methods of Siraitia grosvenorii
CN103609271A (en) Space salvia miltiorrhizae cultivation technique
CN104542254A (en) Cross breeding method for facilitating blooming of cassava in subtropical areas
CN1136764C (en) Rice transplanting dry farming cultivation method
CN105815099A (en) Milkvetch and forage type tall fescue interplanting stereo cultivation method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20130710