CN103086795B - Amino-acid chelated organic fertilizer and production method thereof - Google Patents

Amino-acid chelated organic fertilizer and production method thereof Download PDF

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CN103086795B
CN103086795B CN201310026470.0A CN201310026470A CN103086795B CN 103086795 B CN103086795 B CN 103086795B CN 201310026470 A CN201310026470 A CN 201310026470A CN 103086795 B CN103086795 B CN 103086795B
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fertilizer
organic
trace element
acid
amino acids
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CN103086795A (en
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莫良玉
范稚莲
许大富
范业赓
王道波
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Guangxi University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses an amino-acid chelated organic fertilizer and a production method thereof. The amino-acid chelated organic fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials: 38-56wt% (weight percent) of organic matters, 10-15wt% of composite amino acid, 10-15wt% of chelating agent, 2-4 wt% of trace elements and 20-30wt% of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Each gram of product contains more than 20 millions of live beneficial microbes. The amino-acid chelated organic fertilizer has the functions of improving the physical and chemical performances and the water and nutrient retaining performances of soil and promoting the formation of soil aggregates, is an preferential organic agriculture fertilizer, is suitable for vegetables, fruits, rice, corn, bananas, peppers and other crops, can ensure the high yield, good quality and good taste of agricultural products and can ensure that the nutrients of the agricultural products are increased significantly.

Description

Chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer and production method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to Crop fertilizer field, be specifically related to a kind of fertilizer and production method thereof of aminoacid chelating microelement.
Background technology
China is a large agricultural country, for thousands of years, peasant's ploughing and weeding on this sheet soil of always making a living with soil is not stopped, also Chinese from one generation to the next have been brought up, but in decades, due to industrial expansion, increasing sharply of fertilizer production, peasant relies on chemical fertilizer becomes custom, but any kind that farmland is used and the chemical fertilizer of form, all can not all be absorbed and used by plants, and life-time service chemical fertilizer has caused serious environmental decay, soil fertility constantly declines, and affects the further raising of crop yield and quality; According to the literature, when chemical fertilizer is used in field time, chemical fertilizer utilization ratio is incomplete, and nitrogen is 30 ~ 60%, and phosphorus is 3 ~ 25%, and potassium is 30 ~ 60%.So fertilizer amount is excessive, though or use normal, due to other natures or artificial origin, chemical fertilizer all can be made to run off in a large number.Not by the nitrogen compound that plant utilizes in time, if exist with the form of the NO-N that can not be adsorbed by soil colloid, below the densely distributed level of root system of plant will be transferred to downwards when the soil water permeates and pollute.The environmental problem that pollution by chemical fertilizer causes mainly contains: the 1. eutrophication in rivers and creeks, lake, inland sea.Cause the reason of waters eutrophication, mainly in water, the content of nitrogen, phosphorus increases, and makes the aquatic plants growths such as algae too much.2. soil is polluted, and soil physical properties worsens.Excessive for a long time and use merely chemical fertilizer, can soil acidification be made.On soil solution sweetening of the soil micelle, the ammonium ion amount of organic and inorganic complex body increases, and the Ca that replaces 2+, Mg 2+deng, soil colloid is disperseed, and Soil structure destroys, the hardening soil, and the seed output and quality directly affecting agriculture production cost and crop.3. in food, feed and tap water, toxic ingredient increases.Larger than nitrate 5 ~ 10 times of the bio-toxicity of nitrite, nitrite is combined the N-nitroso compound formed with amine be then strong carcinogen (see N-nitroso compound and cancer).Use the content of nitrogen compound in the well water in the area of chemical fertilizer or river to increase, even exceed drinking water standard.The soil of given too much chemicals can make nitrate content in the crop such as vegetables and herbage increase.Food and feed nitrite is too high, once causes children's and livestock intoxication accident.Also containing some other impurity in chemical fertilizer, as contained cadmium 1 ~ 100ppm, leaded 5 ~ 10ppm in Rock Phosphate (72Min BPL), these impurity also can cause environmental pollution.4. NO_x in Air Environment content increases.Be applied to the nitrogenous fertilizer in farmland, have and a great deal ofly directly evaporate into gas from soil surface, enter air.Also have quite a few to enter soil with organic or inorganic nitrogen form, nitrogen and oxynitride can be changed into from the nitrogen compound of indissoluble state, ADSORPTION STATE and water-soluble state under soil microorganisms effect, enter air.
Therefore in order to prevent the pollution of the environment; agricultural experts propose; should recover and increase soil fertility, preserve the ecological environment, restoring mature econogy balances; and recover and increase soil fertility; it is preferred that farm crop should application of organic fertilizers as far as possible, so open source literature reports a lot of relevant fertilizer, the production method particularly containing amino acid whose fertilizer; through retrieval, we find following content:
1, Chinese patent, application number: 200410063079.9 titles: process for preparing bio-organic chelated trace fertilizer, open (bulletin) number: CN1721371 applies for (patent right) people: Dalian aquatic product Academy; Study the key open laboratory with the biotechnology in increasing cultivation of the marine aquatic products of the Ministry of Agriculture, address: No. 52, black stone reef street, Shahekou District, Daliang City of Liaoning Province, invention (design) people: Lv Jingcai; Zhao Yuanfeng; Wang Songlin, summary: a kind of process for preparing bio-organic chelated trace fertilizer is, first generates aminoacids complex by the hydrolysis of albumen waste materials, then adds trace element and make itself and composite aminoacid chelating generate amino-acid chelate; Again amino-acid chelate and beneficial microorganism bacterium (root nodule bacterium, vinelandii, phosphorus bacteria, B. mucilaginocus, milk-acid bacteria, genus bacillus etc.) and efficient organic fertilizer three are scientifically merged and form bio-organic chelated trace fertilizer.This bio-organic chelated trace fertilizer has that utilization rate of fertilizer is high, fertilizer efficiency fastly slowly to have both, improve and activating soil, improve the advantages such as crop quality.This fertilizer has significant fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, promotes the function of plant growth.The method technique is simple, easy to operate, production cost is low, raw material sources are wide, pollution-free, toxicological harmless.This product has the advantage that fertilizer efficiency is high, quality better, cost are low, consumption is few, easy to use, cheap.
2, Chinese patent, application number: 200510031886.7 titles: a kind of preparation of double effect biological organic fertilizer and technique application (patent right) people: face Jian Hua, address: 10th floors, galaxy of literary talent garden, No. 19, liberation West Road, Changsha, Hunan C, invention (design) people: face Jian Hua, summary: a kind of preparation of double effect biological fertilizer and technique, belongs to fertilizer.Double effect biological fertilizer can meet plant nutrition needs again can physiological function, the immunologic function of regulating plant.Strengthen the degeneration-resistant of crop, the ability of disease and insect resistance, this fertilizer, select amino acid complex and urea, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, MAP, potassium sulfate and cereuisiae fermentum, lobster shrimp shell powder, useful symbiosis flora, the double effect biological organic fertilizer produced by zymotechnique, mixing granulation can effectively be increased fertility of land through using, reduce disease and pest, reduce agriculture chemical and use raising crop quality, increase yield.
3, Chinese patent; application number: 201110355244.8 titles: a kind of chelated trace element fertilizer-medicament mixture open (bulletin) number: CN102503698A Chinese patent; application (patent right) people: INST OF AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES; address: No.12 ,zhongguancun south street,Haidian District, Beijing, invention (design) people: Wang Hong; Chu Tianduo; Liu Xinbao; Liu Rongle; Li Chunhua; Yang Qing; Rong Xiangnong: summary: a kind of chelating type trace element fertilizer liquid body mixture, wherein have selected the necessary trace element of crop and carry out compatibility, by adding multiple amino acids and sulfonated lignin, facilitate organism and trace element chelated reaction, to have selected biological pesticide avermectin and fertilizer to carry out effective coordinates.Providing the preparation method of fertilizer liquid body mixture product of the present invention, by the method increasing the complex reaction level between trace element ion and multiple-effect sequestrant, solving emulsification demixing technology problem.Product sprays in crop leaf, and can correct crop trace element and lack, successful, has disease-resistant, insect-prevention effect concurrently.
4, Chinese patent, application number: 201010500648.7 titles: a kind of production method of amino acid fertilizer, open (bulletin) number: CN102417410A, application (patent right) people: slander million acts, address: sea route Jiangsu New Port Jin Yuan chemical fertilizer company limited on Xinyi City Economic Development Zone, Jiangsu Province, summary: a kind of production method of amino acid fertilizer, this product belongs to agricultural fertilizer field, it is characterized in that relating to a kind of amino acid fertilizer.Fertilizer is mainly derived from animal and plant, with vegeto-animal waste, movement, the processing of residual body, be rich in multiple organic acid, peptide class and nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium at interior abundant nutritive element, full nutrition can not only be provided for farm crop, and fertilizer efficiency is long, can increases and upgrade the soil organism, promoting microbial reproduction, improving physico-chemical property and the biological activity of soil, is the Main Nutrients of pollution-free food production.The raw material producing the use of this amino acid fertilizer has: the mixture of animal residue, straw, castorseed cake, production monosodium glutamate tankage, vinasse, pollution-free pond sludge, the peat composed of rotten mosses, organic fertilizer fermentation agent, bactericidal deodorant, aminoacid chelating microelement.
5, Chinese patent, application number: 200710054852.9 titles: amino acid nitrogen biological organic composite fertilizer and production technique thereof, open (bulletin) number: CN101117300, application (patent right) people: Wu Guoliang, address: 2nd floors, Hongqi District, Xinxiang City, Henan Province Henan Science and Technology College No. 23 building invention (design) people: Wu Guoliang, summary: a kind of compound manure, be specifically related to amino acid nitrogen biological organic composite fertilizer and production technique thereof, it is containing, for example lower composition, and each composition is with weight percentage: amino-acid nitrogen 5%-13%; With P 2o 5meter phosphorus 3%-10%; With K 2o counts potassium 3%-10%; Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium total amount are 11%-33%; Organic butt>=30%; Trace element>=2%.This compoiste fertilizer is with fowl plumage, poultry hair for matrix, and by it through high temperature, high pressure materializing strategy, then under catalyzer, the amino acidifying of Enrichment by Microorganisms obtains amino-acid state height organonitrogen material; Be equipped with the animal dung, alditol slag, vinasse etc. of fermenting again to obtain with trace mineral supplement.Abundant to increase matter to crop yields such as farm crop, vegetables, fruit trees obvious containing high organic constituent, homoamino acid state (non-urea state) organonitrogen and trace element for this biological organic fertilizer, the anti-harmful ability of diseases prevention can be produced strong with the fertilising of this fertilizer, Gao You, green, environmentally friendly crop products are the best fertilizer producing pollution-free vegetable, green food and Organic food.
See from above-mentioned, the chelating amino acids compoiste fertilizer of current open source literature report mainly with amino acid, farm manure or factory's tankage and chemical fertilizer by fermentation or configuration obtain, what have also adds chelated microelement, make the existing suitable N P and K of farm crop, also required moderate-element is had, also having can absorbable trace element, but some complex manufacturing process, although what have adds chelated microelement, but the nutritive ingredient of fertilizer is comprehensive not, and the fertilizer adaptability obtained is wideless.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer and production method thereof, it has considered various proportion of crop planting feature and growth regulation of fertilizer requirement, the side effect, the fertilizing soil that bring by fertilizer of improving the ecological environment, eliminate, improve Soil structure, loosing soil does not harden, provide for the purpose of plant nutrition, by combinations such as inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer, aminoacids complex, moderate-element, trace elements, both meet crop growth demand, improve Yield and qualities.
The raw materials for production of edible mushrooms have cotton seed hulls, wood chip, wheat bran, Semen Maydis powder etc., and bacterial classification provides growth itself fatting up in raw material, and after bacterial classification maturation, the various nutrients in raw material exhaust substantially, as the raw material cultivating next batch edible mushrooms, can only be able to not abandon.With the method that the method for the waste material of pre-treatment edible mushrooms is by burning, this method can process waste material at short notice in a large number, but a large amount of poison gas can be produced, and also containing a large amount of Mierocrystalline celluloses and micro-nutrient in waste material, also have the potentiality developed.Tapioca (flour) factory produces in starch process and creates a large amount of manioc wastes, and the method for former starch factory process fecula is also used burning method, but containing a large amount of Mierocrystalline celluloses and a small amount of starch in fecula, also has very largely to utilize potential quality.Peanut press pulp, dregs of beans and animal excrement, same containing abundant organic substance, can deep processing and utilization.The present invention adopts the process of complex microorganism thermophilic fermentation to be rich in the waste of organic substance, and the organic substance in waste is fully degraded into the nutrient that plant can absorb, and without harm process waste, can either create efficiency of cycling economy again.
Slaughterhouse all to produce and to be difficult to biodegradable waste material in a large number every day, and as pig hair, ox hair, wool, chicken feather etc., barber shop all produces a large amount of hairs every day.The main component of hair and feather is Keratin sulfate, and because Keratin sulfate contains more Gelucystine, therefore disulfide bond content is many especially, crosslinked action is played in protein peptide chain, therefore Keratin sulfate chemical property is stable especially, has higher physical strength, thus their not soluble and digestion.The present invention adopts strong acid hydrolysis Keratin sulfate, makes it be degraded to amino acid or polypeptide, for agriculture production, not only can supplement nitrogenous source for plant, can also complexing micro-metals, farm crop is had to the double effects of sterilizing disease-preventing and stimulating growth.
Subtilis, Classification system bacillus subtilis, Industrial Waste Water Treatments of having stable political situation in city, industrial circulation water treatment, the process such as septic tank, septic tank, livestock-raising animal waste, stink process, excrement and urine treating system, the application in the process such as rubbish, manure pit, manure pit widely.Bacillus licheniformis, Classification system Baclicus lincheniformis, the ability of its degraded organic matter is very strong, and scientist is utilizing this degradation by bacteria feather, for agriculture object.Bacillus circulans, Classification system Bacillus circulans Jordan, can produce very strong polygalacturonase, cellulase, have promoter action to cellulosic decomposition.Monospore daughter bacteria, Classification system micromonospora, can utilize its extracellular enzyme secreted and have machinery and intert the mycelia of ability and jointly to degrade hardly degraded organic substance (as Mierocrystalline cellulose, hemicellulose and xylogen etc.) in compost.Addicted to warm nature fungi geotrichum sp, Classification system Geotrichum sp. and thermophilic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus, Classification system Aspergilbus fumigatus, has the ability of stronger decomposing lignocellulose.The present invention adopts the composition of mentioned microorganism to decompose the waste material being rich in organic substance, (compost fermentation is divided into heat production stage, hot stage and becomes thoroughly decomposed the stage advantage utilizing different microorganisms to have in different steps,), reach decompose organic waste thoroughly, kill harmful germ, the object turned waste into wealth.
The elements such as boron, iron, zinc, molybdenum and magnesium are the important component of plant enzyme, the ion of these trace elements or the activator of enzymic activity simultaneously, if lack these elements, plant cannot the element such as absorbed nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, plant performance is that blade flavescence is turned white, photosynthesis weakens or disappears, and plant-growth is suppressed, and even plant is dead because of scarce nutrition.Therefore be very important to plant trace element supplement.Can have boric acid and borax as the material of plant boron make-up element, the present invention adopts common borax.Ammonium molybdate is more common, and therefore the present invention adopts ammonium molybdate as the molybdenum element supplement of plant.And their vitriol, nitrate or muriate can be had as the material of the supplement of iron, zinc and magnesium elements, because vitriol can provide element sulphur for plant, therefore the present invention preferentially adopts the vitriol of iron, zinc and magnesium.These trace elements are had an effect with phosphate fertilizer, water-fast phosphoric acid salt can be generated, cause plant absorption utilization ratio to decline, therefore need to add sequestrant, by the sequestering action of sequestrant, prevent iron, magnesium, manganese and zine ion and phosphate anion from forming water-insoluble.Humic acid, English name humic acid, in brown, molecular weight is between 400-100000, and form primarily of elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen ratio are high.Core in its molecular structure has aromatic nucleus, heterocycle and polynuclear compound, and they are connected into loose netted by carbochain or key bridging.There is functional group at the edge of humic acid molecule as carboxyl, phenolic hydroxyl group, methoxyl group, amido etc.These functional groups determine acidity, the absorptive capacity of humic acid and form the ability of organic-inorganic composition with inorganics.Fulvic acid, English name fulvic acid, molecular weight ratio humic acid is little, institute's carbon containing, nitrogen comparatively small amt in molecule, hydrogen, oxygen then comparatively humic acid be high, strong with the sequestering power of inorganics.Sodium salts humic acids, English name is Sodium humate, is to adopt the natural low magnesium weathered coal of the low calcium of high-quality containing humic acids to refine through chemistry to form, and it is multi-functional macromolecular compound, containing hydroxyl, quinonyl, the active group that carboxyl etc. are more, has very large internal surface area, there is stronger absorption, exchange, complexing, sequestering power.
technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer, comprises following raw material composition:
Organic 38-56wt%;
Aminoacids complex 10-15wt%;
Sequestrant 10-15wt%;
Trace element 2-4wt%;
N P and K 20-30wt%;
Described organic matter is the waste material with edible mushrooms, the manioc waste of tapioca (flour) factory, peanut press pulp, animal excrement and dregs of beans are raw material, with weight fraction: the waste material 30-40 of edible mushrooms, manioc waste 30-40, animal excrement 10-15, peanut press pulp 5-10 and dregs of beans 5-10 mixes, raw material per ton adds 0.5-1kg microorganism, raw material per ton adds nitrogenous source and the phosphorus nutrient that 0.5-1 kg urea and 0.25-0.5kg Secondary ammonium phosphate are microorganism, add amount of water to mix, regulate moisture content, hold agglomerating, a finger gently resilience energy scatters, do not drip in the middle of webs for easily, the material mixed is piled ridge, spontaneous fermentation heats up, when temperature is more than 70 degree, maintain 5-7 days, then turning cooling, organic matter carries out thermophilic and becomes thoroughly decomposed, air-dry, shatter, cross 80 eye mesh screens, obtain organic matter.
Described microorganism be subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus circulans, monospore daughter bacteria, addicted to warm nature fungi geotrichum sp and thermophilic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus etc. weight mixture.
The hair that described aminoacids complex is behaved and /or animal hair or feather put into enamel reaction still, be 31-35% salt acid soak by weight concentration, hydrochloric acid add-on behaviour hair and animal skin soaked surface, then react 8 ~ 12 hours at 100 ~ 120 DEG C, with sodium hydroxide neutralization, when pH value 5-7 starts to filter, filtrate is compound amino acid primary liquid, being concentrated into degree Beaume is 60 degree, namely obtains aminoacids complex.
Described sequestrant is the composition of humic acid, fulvic acid and Sodium salts humic acids, their weight ratio humic acid: fulvic acid: Sodium salts humic acids is 1 ~ 2:1:1 ~ 2.
Described trace element is the composition of borax, ammonium molybdate, ferric sulfate, zinc sulfate and magnesium sulfate, element containing following mass percent in chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer in described trace element: S 0.050% ~ 2.00%, B 0.030% ~ 0.5%, Zn 0.010% ~ 0.50%, Fe 0.010% ~ 0.50%, Mo 0.030% ~ 0.5%, Mg 0.050% ~ 0.50%.
Described N P and K is the composition of urea, Secondary ammonium phosphate and Repone K.
The production method of described chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer, comprise the steps: that described aminoacids complex is made into the aqueous solution that weight concentration is 30% by (1), add sequestrant, then add borax, zinc sulfate, magnesium sulfate, ammonium molybdate and ferrous sulfate, be stirred to material and all dissolve, continue again to stir 20min, abundant stirring chelating, then spraying dry, pulverizes, cross 80 order mesh screens, obtain chelated microelements;
(2) N P and K pulverizer is pulverized, and crosses 80 order mesh screens, mixes with organic matter agitator;
(3) the mixture agitator that (1) step and (2) step obtain is uniformly mixed obtains chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer.
Described chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer, is characterized in that, the beneficial microorganism viable count >0.2 hundred million that every gram of chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer contains.
advantage of the present invention is:
1, use chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer of the present invention high in technological content: organic fertilizer raw material is fermented, be equipped with animal skin hydrolysis and the amino acid that obtain, use modern high technology biotechnology to refine and forms, nutrient is complete, content is high, fertilizer efficiency is long.
2, effectively can carry content after using, also may be used for fruit trees and vegetables, use rear flower and fruit protecting rate and improve more than 25%.Increasing both production and income high efficiency, generally can increase production more than 25%, successful.
3, product quality is improved: after use, crop growth is more natural, and product special flavour is good, and sugarcane sugarcane stem is sturdy, and sugar degree is high, and leaf look light green.
4, cost less investment: use this fertilizer can reduce the usage quantity of chemical fertilizer, reduce costs.
5, diseases and pests of agronomic crop is few: can make farm crop well developed root system after use, and stem is slightly full of leaves, resistant to lodging.This fertilizer contains a large amount of beneficial microorganism viable bacterias, effectively can suppress the growth of harmful bacteria, reduces the generation of disease and pest.
6 human hairs, animal hair and feather are difficult to decompose, if effectively do not utilized, also can cause adverse influence to environment, also affect material cycle and the comprehensive utilization of the ecosystem, are unfavorable for the Sustainable development of agricultural.Can be used for producing green food and Organic food, protection human health.
7, environmental protect is pollution-free: this fertilizer can eliminate the side effect that chemical fertilizer brings, environmental protect, fertilizing soil.
8, widely applicable and excellent: be applicable to various farm crop, improve Soil structure: life-time service, loosing soil does not harden, easy farming.
9, fertilizer efficiency is excellent: need to have allocated rational npk nutrient into according to crop growth in process of production, and peasants can be used as base manure relieved, easily or intertillage is topdressed.
10, temperature is played fast: when temperature more than 0 DEG C, within 48 hours, temperature rises to more than 55 DEG C.Fully can decompose the organic sulfide, organic nitrogen compound etc. that produce stink in fowl poultry kind ight soil, within intensification 2-3 days, can stink be eliminated.
11, composting cycle is short, within 10-15 days, becomes thoroughly decomposed completely.
12, compost high temperature (55 DEG C-79 DEG C) is lasting, can kill the germ in fermented product, worm's ovum, weed seed.
13, the loss of compost total nutrient is few, and humus content is high, and potassium contents increases obviously.
Specific embodiment
embodiment 1
Organic production: waste material 30 weight part of edible mushrooms, manioc waste 40 weight part, animal excrement 15 weight part, peanut press pulp 10 weight part and dregs of beans 5 weight part, 0.5kg subtilis is added according to raw material per ton, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus circulans, monospore daughter bacteria, addicted to warm nature fungi geotrichum sp and thermophilic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus etc. weight mixture and raw material per ton add 0.5kg urea and 0.25kg Secondary ammonium phosphate, add amount of water to mix, regulate moisture content, hold agglomerating, a finger gently resilience energy scatters, do not drip in the middle of webs for easily, the material mixed is piled ridge, spontaneous fermentation heats up, when temperature is more than 70 degree, maintain 5-7 days, then turning cooling, organic matter carries out thermophilic and becomes thoroughly decomposed, air-dry, shatter, cross 80 eye mesh screens, obtain organic matter.
embodiment 2
Organic production: waste material 35 weight part of edible mushrooms, manioc waste 35 weight part, animal excrement 10 weight part, peanut press pulp 5 weight part and dregs of beans 10 weight part, 0.75kg subtilis is added according to raw material per ton, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus circulans, monospore daughter bacteria, addicted to warm nature fungi geotrichum sp and thermophilic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus etc. weight mixture and raw material per ton add 0.75kg urea and 0.4kg Secondary ammonium phosphate, add amount of water to mix, regulate moisture content, hold agglomerating, a finger gently resilience energy scatters, do not drip in the middle of webs for easily, the material mixed is piled ridge, spontaneous fermentation heats up, when temperature is more than 70 degree, maintain 5-7 days, then turning cooling, organic matter carries out thermophilic and becomes thoroughly decomposed, air-dry, shatter, cross 80 eye mesh screens, obtain organic matter.
Embodiment 3
Organic production: waste material 40 weight part of edible mushrooms, manioc waste 30 weight part, animal excrement 13 weight part, peanut press pulp 8 weight part and dregs of beans 8 weight part, 1kg subtilis is added according to raw material per ton, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus circulans, monospore daughter bacteria, addicted to warm nature fungi geotrichum sp and thermophilic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus etc. weight mixture and raw material per ton add 1kg urea and 0. 5kg Secondary ammonium phosphate, add amount of water to mix, regulate moisture content, hold agglomerating, a finger gently resilience energy scatters, do not drip in the middle of webs for easily, the material mixed is piled ridge, spontaneous fermentation heats up, when temperature is more than 70 degree, maintain 5-7 days, then turning cooling, organic matter carries out thermophilic and becomes thoroughly decomposed, air-dry, shatter, cross 80 eye mesh screens, obtain organic matter.
Embodiment 4
The production of aminoacids complex:
After the hair of people and pig hair are suitably pulverized, put into enamel reaction still, be 31-35% salt acid soak by weight concentration, hydrochloric acid add-on behaviour hair and animal skin soaked surface, then reacted 8 ~ 12 hours at 100 ~ 120 DEG C, neutralized with sodium hydroxide, when pH value 5-7 starts to filter, filtrate is compound amino acid primary liquid, and being concentrated into degree Beaume is 60 degree, namely obtains aminoacids complex.
Embodiment 5
The production of chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer:
(1) aminoacids complex 10kg, adds 40kg water, adds humic acid 3.75kg under stirring, fulvic acid 2.5kg, Sodium salts humic acids 3.75kg; Add borax 0.8kg, ferrous sulfate 0.2kg again, zinc sulfate 0.5kg, magnesium sulfate 2.1kg and ammonium molybdate 0.4kg, be stirred to material and all dissolve, continue again to stir 20min, fully stir chelating, last spraying dry, pulverizing, cross 80 order mesh screens, obtain chelated microelements;
(2) take organic 56kg, added the urea 10kg of 80 order mesh screens, Secondary ammonium phosphate 4kg and Repone K 6kg, mixes with agitator
(3) mixed by the mixture that (1) step and (2) step obtain, packaging, is chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer.
Embodiment 6
The production of chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer:
(1) aminoacids complex 14kg, adds 40kg water, adds humic acid 3kg under stirring, fulvic acid 3kg, Sodium salts humic acids 6kg; Add borax 1.0kg, ferrous sulfate 0.05kg again, zinc sulfate 1.0kg, magnesium sulfate 0.35kg and ammonium molybdate 0.6kg, be stirred to material and all dissolve, continue again to stir 20min, fully stir chelating, last spraying dry, pulverizing, cross 80 order mesh screens, obtain chelated microelements;
(2) take organic 49kg, added the urea 10kg of 80 order mesh screens, Secondary ammonium phosphate 6kg and Repone K 6kg, mixes with agitator;
(3) mixed by the mixture that (1) step and (2) step obtain, packaging, is chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer.
Embodiment 7
The production of chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer:
(1) aminoacids complex 15kg, adds 40kg water, adds humic acid 7.5kg under stirring, fulvic acid 3.75kg, Sodium salts humic acids 3.75kg; Add borax 0.28kg, ferrous sulfate 1.32kg again, zinc sulfate 0.05kg, magnesium sulfate 0.25kg and ammonium molybdate 0.1kg, be stirred to material and all dissolve, continue again to stir 20min, fully stir chelating, last spraying dry, pulverizing, cross 80 order mesh screens, obtain chelated microelements;
(2) take organic 38kg, urea 16kg, Secondary ammonium phosphate 6kg and Repone K 8kg, mixes with agitator
(3) mixed by the mixture that (1) step and (2) step obtain, packaging, is chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer. chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer using method of the present invention:
Banana: execute chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer 50-75 kilograms of+20 kilograms of urea+50 kilograms of phosphate fertilizer for every mu and make base manure, execute the mixing of chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer 150 kilograms of+20 kilograms of urea+50 kilograms of potash fertilizer and execute for stem fertile for every mu during large ridging, general trench digging imposes on blinding after in ditch.
Paddy rice: execute 50 kilograms for every mu and make base manure, be spread on face, field before plow harrow field, be mixed into uniformly in topsoil by plow harrow field.
Peanut: execute 25-50 kilograms to make base manure disposable employed, under generally executing when whole ground for every mu.Notice that fertilizer is sowed after executing lower bonnet last layer thin soil, do not allow seed directly contact with fertilizer.
Corn: execute 50-75 kilograms to make base manure disposable employed for every mu, generally execute in sowing thing.
Cotton: execute chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer 50-100 kilograms of urea+20 kilograms of phosphate fertilizer for every mu and make base manure, when buddingging, chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer 50 kilograms of+20 kilograms of urea mixing works are executed in large ridging every mu, and general trench digging imposes on blinding after in ditch.
Huai Shan: every mu executes 75-100 kilograms, and to make base manure disposable employed, is generally sprinkling upon in sowing cave, is mixed even by fertilizer and soil, lid kind.
Watermelon: execute 100-150 kilograms to make base manure disposable employed, under generally executing when whole ground for every mu.
Leaf vegetables: execute 75-100 kilograms (leaf mustard can execute 100-150 kilograms) to make base manure disposable employed, under generally executing when whole ground for every mu.
Eggplant: execute 100-150 kilograms to make base manure disposable employed, under generally executing when whole ground for every mu.
Grape: execute 100-150 kilograms for every mu and make base manure, the beginning of spring executes at root system 15-20cm trench digging.
Citrus: generally can use 2-3 kilograms (depending on fruit tree size, the adjustment flexibly of output height) in conjunction with every strain during clear expansion cave, garden in autumn and winter, the weeds in Ke Yuqing garden are mixed together in the ditch executed and expand cave, execute one deck fertilizer weeds lid layer soil.
Attention: suitably should adjust amount of application according to soil fertility level, crop varieties, yield level etc. during use.
The volume increase to farm crop of chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer of the present invention and conventional composite fertilizer is compared as follows:
application Example 1
table 1chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer is used for the contrast table of banana
Illustrate: the banana variety of three is all William B6; conventional fertilizer application is composite fertilizer (15-15-15)
As seen from Table 1, use chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer of the present invention, than using conventional composite fertilizer, banana can increase production 3% ~ 9%, and fertilizer cost can decline about 50%.
application Example 2
Table 2 Hubei Xiangyang City opens in Gu Yi town 2 groups, slope and opens six and account for the contrast table of chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer for corn
Indicate: conventional fertilizer application is composite fertilizer (15-8-12) corn variety: Zheng Dan 958; Cotton variety: " cotton No. 9 of brilliant China; Peanut varieties: in spend No. 8
As seen from Table 2, use chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer of the present invention, than using conventional composite fertilizer, corn can increase production about 10%; Yield Increase In Cotton about 30%, and every mu of fertilizer cost can decline about 50%.
application Example 3
Table 3 ?the grape of literary composition Le Tang village, town of Guanyang, guangxi county in 2011 model industry hero (temperature can (Wink)) fertilising effect contrast table:
Indicate: common fertilizer (100 kilograms of composite fertilizers+50 kilograms of farm manures), grape is life in 4 years.
As seen from Table 3, use chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer of the present invention, than using conventional composite fertilizer, grape can increase production about 4%; And use grape outward appearance that chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer obtains than using the large of conventional composite fertilizer, soluble sugar content is high, and taste is relatively good.
application Example 4
Table 4 ?the potato fertilization effect contrast table of Guangxi agricultural college of Guangxi University in 2011:
Indicate: Potato Cultivars is purple-colored potato; Composite fertilizer (16-10-12)
As seen from Table 4, use chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer of the present invention, than using conventional composite fertilizer, potato can increase production about 17%, and protein content improves about 80%; And the potato of using chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer has insect pest.

Claims (1)

1. a production method for chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer, is characterized in that, is made up of following raw material: organic 38-56wt%; Aminoacids complex 10-15wt%; Intercalating agent 10-15wt%; Trace element 2-4wt%; N P and K 20-30wt%;
Described organic matter is the waste material with edible mushrooms, the manioc waste of tapioca (flour) factory, peanut press pulp, animal excrement and dregs of beans are raw material, in weight fraction: the waste material 30-40 of edible mushrooms, manioc waste 30-40, animal excrement l0-15, after peanut press pulp 5-10 and dregs of beans 5-l0 mixes, raw material per ton adds 0.5-1kg microorganism, raw material per ton adds nitrogenous source and the phosphorus nutrient that 0.5-1 kg urea and 0.25-0.5kg Secondary ammonium phosphate are microorganism, add appropriate moisture content to mix, regulate moisture content, hold agglomerating, a finger gently resilience energy scatters, do not drip in the middle of webs and be advisable, the material mixed is piled ridge, spontaneous fermentation heats up, when temperature is more than 70 DEG C, maintain 5-7 days, then turning cooling, organic matter carries out thermophilic and becomes thoroughly decomposed, air-dry, shatter, cross 80 eye mesh screens, obtain organic matter,
Described microorganism be subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus circulans, monospore daughter bacteria, addicted to warm nature fungi geotrichum sp and thermophilic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus etc. the complex microorganism of weight mixing;
The hair that described aminoacids complex is behaved and/or animal hair or feather put into enamel reaction still, be 3l-35% salt acid soak by weight concentration, hydrochloric acid add-on behaviour hair and animal skin soaked surface, then at l00-120 DEG C, 8-12 hour is reacted, with sodium hydroxide neutralization, when pH value 5-7 starts to filter, filtrate is compound amino acid primary liquid, being concentrated into degree Beaume is 60 degree, namely obtains aminoacids complex;
Described sequestrant is the composition of humic acid, fulvic acid and Sodium salts humic acids, their weight ratio humic acid: fulvic acid: Sodium salts humic acids is l-2:1:1-2;
Described trace element is borax, ammonium molybdate, ferrous sulfate, zinc sulfate and magnesium sulfate; Described trace element contains following mass percent: S 0.050% ~ 2.00% in chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer, B 0.030% ~ 0.5%, Zn 0.0l0% ~ 0.50%, Fe 0.0l0% ~ 0.50%, Mo 0.030% ~ 0.5%, Mg 0.050% ~ 0.50%;
Described N P and K is the composition of urea, Secondary ammonium phosphate and Repone K;
The beneficial microorganism viable count > 0.2 hundred million that every gram of chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer contains;
Described production method comprises the steps:
(1) described aminoacids complex is made into the aqueous solution that weight concentration is 20-30%, add sequestrant, add borax, zinc sulfate, magnesium sulfate, ammonium molybdate and ferrous sulfate again, be stirred to material all to dissolve, then continue to stir 20min, fully stir chelating, then spraying dry, pulverize, cross 80 order mesh screens, obtain chelated microelements;
(2) N P and K pulverizer is pulverized, and crosses 80 order mesh screens, mixes with organic matter agitator;
(3) the mixture agitator that (1) step and (2) step obtain is uniformly mixed obtains chelating amino acids organic trace element fertilizer.
CN201310026470.0A 2013-01-24 2013-01-24 Amino-acid chelated organic fertilizer and production method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103086795B (en)

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