CN105418335A - Beneficial biological bacterium fermented microbial organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Beneficial biological bacterium fermented microbial organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105418335A
CN105418335A CN201511004308.4A CN201511004308A CN105418335A CN 105418335 A CN105418335 A CN 105418335A CN 201511004308 A CN201511004308 A CN 201511004308A CN 105418335 A CN105418335 A CN 105418335A
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fertilizer
fermentation
organic
soil
beneficial
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张秀丽
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张秀丽
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to a beneficial biological bacterium fermented microbial organic fertilizer to solve the problem of harms of organic wastes to the environment. The beneficial biological bacterium fermented microbial organic fertilizer is prepared through fermenting raw materials by beneficial biological bacteria, and the raw materials comprise, by weight, 10-15% of active humic acid, 3-9% of a nitrogenous fertilizer, 1.5-4.5% of a phosphate fertilizer, 1.5-4.5% of a potash fertilizer, 1-3% of a boron fertilizer, 0.5-1.5% of a silicon fertilizer, 0.3-0.7% of an iron fertilizer, 0.3-0.7% of a zinc fertilizer, 0.3-0.7% of a copper fertilizer, 0.2-0.4% of a magnesium fertilizer, 0.2-0.4% of a manganese fertilizer, 0.3-0.7% of a calcium fertilizer, 0.3-0.7% of a molybdenum fertilizer, 0.3-0.7% of a vanadium fertilizer, and the balance of an organic matter ferment material (metered by dry weight). The beneficial biological bacterium fermented microbial organic fertilizer has the advantages of low production cost, soil improvement, improvement of the quality of crop products, improvement of the output of the crops, promotion of development of the agriculture with Chinese characteristics, high harmless degree, absorption facilitation, slow synergism, yield and income increase, soil fertility raising, and balanced nutrition, and is helpful for naturally decomposing various beneficial components in soil after being applied in order to make the decomposed beneficial components be absorbed and utilized by plants.

Description

The microbial organic fertilizer of beneficial organism bacterium fermentation
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fertilizer, particularly relate to the microbial organic fertilizer of a kind of beneficial organism bacterium fermentation.
Background technology
China is a farming animals animal husbandry big country, in agricultural byproducts production process, stalk, schlempe, humic acid, trace element waits in organic waste and agriculture Animal husbandry production, the generation of animal residue all maintains very high level every year, considerably beyond the ability of soil natural decomposition, environment is worked the mischief, be badly in need of first changing into biological organic fertilizer be manured into soil again or field stalk can be gone back in soil, be manured into soil interior leaf, schlempe, life organic waste, and saw dust, feces of livestock and poultry, human excrement favourable conversions becomes to become thoroughly decomposed the technology of bio-organic fertilizer composition.But, lack such technology at present available.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the above-mentioned defect overcoming prior art, contributes to the microbial organic fertilizer of the beneficial organism bacterium fermentation that multiple beneficial composition utilizes for plant absorption in natural decomposition soil after providing a kind of using.
For achieving the above object, the microbial organic fertilizer of beneficial organism bacterium fermentation of the present invention is formed by the raw material beneficial organism strain fermentation of following weight proportion: active humic acid 10-15%, nitrogenous fertilizer 3-9%, phosphate fertilizer 1.5-4.5%, potash fertilizer 1.5-4.5%, boron fertilizer 1-3%, siliceous fertilizer 0.5-1.5% and iron fertilizer 0.3-0.7-%, zinc fertilizer 0.3-0.7%, copper fertile 0.3-0.7%, fertiliser containing magnesium 0.2-0.4%, manganese fertilizer 0.2-0.4%, calcareous fertilisers 0.3-0.7%, molydbenum fertilizer 0.3-0.7%, vanadium fertilizer 0.3-0.7% and the surplus organic matter fermentation material with dry weight metering.
Wherein: in fermentation raw material nitrogenous fertilizer, nitrogen is the general name of nitrogen oxide.Nitrogen has the oxide compound (NO, NO2, N2O3, N2O, N2O5, N2O etc.) of whole valence states of 1 ~ 5 valency; But in the air of troposphere, outbalance is nitrogen peroxide and nitrogen protoxide, usually both mixtures is referred to as oxynitride (representing with NOx), is the important substance in nitrogen cycle.It is a kind of nitrogenous higher chemical fertilizer that the output of farm crop has vital role NH4NO3.Ensure that farm crop obtain 70g nitrogen element, have vital role to the output improving farm crop, NH4NO3 is the chemical fertilizer that a kind of nitrogen content is higher.1) in NH4NO3 the mass ratio of nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen element to be the massfraction of nitrogen element in 7: 1: 12. (2) NH4NO3 be 35%. (3) for ensureing that farm crop obtain 70g nitrogen element, then at least need to use 200gNH4NO3.
Boron fertilizer; The boron of soil is mainly absorbed by plants with the form of boric acid (H3BO3 or B (OH) 3).(eight potassium borates) is raw material, through the Novel boron that scientific matching is developed.
Siliceous fertilizer; Silicon-dioxide (SiO2) enters plant materials and seems to consume metabolizable energy, and process is to metabolic poison and temperature sensitive.Silicon; Be the important nutritive element of plant materials composition, in the plant materials of farm crop, more or less all contain silicon.The growth retardation when farm crop lack silicon, after using effective silicon, can form silicified cell on epidermis, and form hard silicified cell wall, contribute to the ordered arrangement of cell mass, improve farm crop form or shape, robust growth, vitality is strong.The fourth-largest element after nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium is classified as by international soil circle.
Iron fertilizer; To the effect of plant-growth; Ferric oxide, the iron of plant dominant absorption oxidation state from soil.Have ferric iron also to have ferrous iron in soil, ferrous iron is the principal mode of plant absorption.Although the content of iron in plant is few, be generally the some thousandths of of dry matter.But iron has two critical functions; One is the important composition of some enzyme and much transmission electronics albumen, and two is regulate chloroplast protein and chlorophyllous synthesis.Iron is the component of oxyphorase (cytopigment and Terminal oxidase) in redox system and iron-sulphur protein.Or many important oxydase as; Peroxidase and catalatic component.Iron is again the metal ingredient of ferritin and Mo-Fe protein in nitrogenase, works in biological nitrogen fixation.Iron has impact to the photosynthesis of plant, respiration, although iron is not chlorophyllous moiety, and the participation of some enzyme requires Fe2+ in chlcrophyll biosynthesis.Iron plays an important role to the synthesis of chloroplast protein as the structural protein in basal granule.
Zinc fertilizer; To the effect of plant-growth; Zinc sulfate, zinc zinc is absorbed by plants with the form of Zn2+, and in nitrogen metabolism, zinc can change the ratio of organonitrogen and inorganic nitrogen in plant materials well, greatly improves drought-resistant, cryophylactic ability, promotes branches and leaves healthy growth; Zinc participates in chlorophyll and generates, prevent chlorophyllous degraded and form carbohydrate; Zinc mainly participates in the synthesis of growth hormone, is the activator of some enzyme (as glutamate dehydrogenase, ethanol dehydrogenase); Tryptophane synthesis needs zinc, and tryptophane is the precursor of synthetic auxin (IAA).Zinc is the composition of more than 80 kinds enzymes, such as; Ethanol dehydrogenase, Cu-Zn hemocuprein, carbonic anhydrase and RNA polymerase.
Copper is fertile; Copper sulfate, to the effect of plant-growth, the photosynthesis of copper involved in plant, be absorbed by plants with the form of Cu2+ and Cu+, can the redox reaction of unblocked ground catalysis plant, promote metabolism and the synthesis of carbohydrate and protein, make plant cold resistance, drought-resistant ability greatly strengthens; The respiration of copper also involved in plant, containing more copper in chloroplast(id), because copper is relevant with chlorophyll formation; Copper has the ability improving chlorophyll stability, and avoid chlorophyll to wreck too early, this is conducive to blade and carries out photosynthesis better.
Fertiliser containing magnesium; Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) is mainly present in chlorophyll, plants in element and pectin substance, is chlorophyll and the moiety of planting element.Magnesium is the activator of multiple enzyme, accelerates enzymatic reaction, promotes conversion and the metabolic process thereof of carbohydrate, all plays an important role to the metabolism of carbohydrate, the respiration done in object.Magnesium can promote the synthesis of fat and protein, and phosphotransferase is activated, and promotes the formation of vitamin A and C, improves the quality of vegetables and fruit.
Manganese fertilizer; Manganse Dioxide, to the effect of plant-growth; Manganese in soil exists (manganese Mn2+, manganese Mn3+, manganese Mn4+) with three kinds of oxidation state, exists in addition with sequestering properties.But be mainly absorbed by plants with the state of manganese Mn2+.The physiological action of manganese to plant is many-sided, and it can participate in photolysis, improves the respiratory intensity of plant, promotes the hydrolysis of carbohydrate; Control agent internal oxidition reduction process; Be the activator of many enzymes, promote Amino acid synthesis peptide bond, be conducive to the synthesis of protein; Promote seed germination and seeding previous vigor; Can accelerate to sprout and maturation, increase the validity of phosphorus and calcium.
Calcareous fertilisers; Doing with the existence of the form of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in object, it is the moiety of cell walls mesogloea.Calcium is the cofactor of some enzymatic action, strengthens the activity with the Some Related Enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism.The organic acid formed in calcium energy and in crop metabolism process, has the effect regulating and make pH in object, lowers the dispersity of protoplasma colloid, is conducive to the eubolism of crop.Plant absorbs calcium to the absorption of calcium and transhipment plant with the form of divalent calcium ions.
Molydbenum fertilizer; To the effect of plant-growth; Molybdenum in Soil exists with the form of molybdate (MoO42) and moly-sulfide (MoS2).Plant lower than other any mineral elements, understands form and the variation pattern of molybdenum in vegetable cell of plant absorption molybdenum to the requirement of molybdenum so far not yet.The nitrate reductase of higher plant and the nitrogenase of biological nitrogen fixation are all the albumen containing molybdenum, and molydbenum fertilizer abundance can improve nitrogen fixing capacity greatly, improve protein content.The physiological function outstanding behaviours of visible molybdenum is in nitrogen metabolism.The toxic action that molybdenum can be urged nearly photosynthetic intensity and eliminate active aluminum in acid soil to accumulate in plant materials and produce.
Vanadium fertilizer; Directly from shop, buy Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES, it is also the same for executing in soil.The plant planted out can titled with rich vanadium tea, rich vanadium apple, rich vanadium radish, rich vanadium corn.Another kind cultivates corresponding animal, as rich vanadium yeast, and rich vanadium fish, rich vanadium chicken, vanadium-rich eggs etc.This is more convenient than planting plants, as long as corresponding vanadic salts is added animal-feed.Particularly rich vanadium yeast, cultivation be microorganism, growth cycle is short, and output is also large.
Microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention is a kind of high quick-acting, slight alkalinity microbial fertilizer, and organic matter is many, and fertilizer efficiency is fast, is suitable for various soil application.Various farm crop need the difference of various element, adopt scientific compatibility, by required for farm crop, supply nutrient.After microbial organic fertilizer is manured into soil, the organic matter of soil can be increased, active humic acid, nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, trace element: boron fertilizer, siliceous fertilizer, iron fertilizer, zinc fertilizer, copper are fertile, and fertiliser containing magnesium, manganese fertilizer, calcareous fertilisers, molydbenum fertilizer, vanadium fertilizer can promote the formation of soil aggregate, create water conservation, fertilizer conservation, protect gas and insulation, promote multiple beneficial microbial reproduction, increase soil organic content.
Described raw material, through fermentation, reaches deodorizing, innoxious effect, meets the element nutrition such as microorganism and the indispensable mineral substance of plant nutrition.To the microorganism species in soil, create good growth, breeding ecology environment, promote microbial activities, suppress the breeding of harmful bacteria.Make microbial organic fertilizer, reach waste recycling, again reduce the investment of production cost of peasant household.
In a word, microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention has that production cost is low, improvement soil, improves crop products quality, improves the output of farm crop, promote that China's characteristic agriculture development plays a role in promoting; Innoxious degree is high, improvement soil, be beneficial to absorptions, slow synergy, increasing both production and income, culture fertility, balanced nutritious, to contribute in natural decomposition soil multiple beneficial composition for the advantage of plant absorption utilization after particularly using.
As optimization, the weight proportion of raw material is: active humic acid 12%, nitrogenous fertilizer 6%, phosphate fertilizer 3%, potash fertilizer 3%, boron fertilizer 2%, siliceous fertilizer 1% and iron fertilizer 0.5%, zinc fertilizer 0.5%, copper fertilizer 0.5%, fertiliser containing magnesium 0.3%, manganese fertilizer 0.3%, calcareous fertilisers 0.5%, molydbenum fertilizer 0.5%, vanadium fertilizer 0.5% and the surplus organic matter fermentation material with dry weight metering.
As optimization, one or any multiple from stalk, leaf, schlempe, life organic waste and saw dust, feces of livestock and poultry, human excrement in of described organic fermentation material choosing through pulverizing.
As optimization, during fermentation, water content is 50 ~ 60%; Fermentation material comprises poultry manure or human excrement.
As optimization, described beneficial organism bacterial classification is organic fertilizer fermentation bacterial classification; Described beneficial bacterial classification consumption is every cube of fermentation material 0.2-0.4 kilogram.
As optimization, described organic fertilizer fermentation bacterial classification is rich selenium organic fermenting bacterial preparation; Described beneficial organism bacterial classification comprises yeast flora, lactobacillus, phosphorus-solubilizing bacteria group; Described beneficial bacterial classification consumption is that every cube of fermentation material is with 0.3 kilogram.
As optimization, described nitrogenous fertilizer is bicarbonate of ammonia or urea or ammonium nitrate, phosphate fertilizer is calcium superphosphate, potash fertilizer is potassium oxide, boron fertilizer is boric acid, siliceous fertilizer is water soluble silica, iron fertilizer is ferric oxide, zinc fertilizer is zinc sulfate, copper fertilizer is copper sulfate, and fertiliser containing magnesium is magnesium sulfate, manganese fertilizer is Manganse Dioxide, calcareous fertilisers are calcium carbonate, molydbenum fertilizer is moly-sulfide, vanadium fertilizer is Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES.
As optimization, described fermentation is: by 1: 0.2: 100 dilution in proportion of fermenting agent, brown sugar and water, cultivation 12-24 hour, makes active bacteria liquid; Described fermentation material, active bacteria liquid mix, are watered or convert dry fermentation material, and control water content 50 ~ 60%, carry out compost fermentation 7-15 days, oven dry is made; The suitable oxygen supply of fermenting process and turning, heat up and control at about 50 DEG C.
As optimization, described turning is that temperature wants turning casting, to ensure that the highest leavening temperature is no more than 60 DEG C when rising to more than 50 DEG C.
As optimization, described control water content is hand-tightly grab a material, webs water breakthrough print but do not drip, and landing namely loose being as the criterion; Described compost height 1.5-2 rice, width 2-3 rice, length is being greater than 3 meters.
Concrete preparation process is:
1, the pre-treatment of organic waste, mainly pulverizes, mixes and adjust moisture content.
2, inoculation fermentation.
3, continuous high temperature fermentation harmless treatment.
4, cooling drying such as to complete at several step.
More specifically step is:
(1), fermentation material pre-treatment (or modulation); Feces of livestock and poultry and one or more organic waste are mixed mutually, regulate moisture after the crushed stalk in advance through pulverizing, moisture content should control 40 ~ 65%.Moisture judges; Hand-tightly grab a fermentation material webs water breakthrough print mixed up but do not drip, landing namely loose being advisable.(2), mixed fermentation is inoculated; Microbial organic fertilizer fermenting agent is mixed into the fermentation material mixed up and builds heap, namely limit Sa Jun limit Jian Dui, piles high and volume, piles high 1.5----2 rice, and wide 2 meters, length is not limit.
(3), start-up temperature.Start-up temperature should more than 15 DEG C better, and fermentation calefaction controls to be advisable below 60-65 DEG C.Temperature starts to decline.Turning once, female bacterium; Allow aerobic fermentation and anaerobic bacterial fermentation intersect occur to carry out simultaneously.Material is by original rancid, quality thickness, has a large amount of fly to bite, and has to become stink and substantially disappear, bite without fly, material starts there is a small amount of ammonia nitrogen odor dispersion, and larger molecular organics matter starts to be decomposed in a large number, and material starts to distribute earth nature and flavor, without obvious peculiar smell, macrobead organic impurities in original material thoroughly decomposes, sponginess, is fermentation termination standard.
(4), cooling drying completes; Fermentation completes substantially, but for keeping microorganism active wherein and harmless treatment being carried out thoroughly, mixes ventilation thoroughly.Wherein livestock manure fermented oxygen consumption is many, should strengthen oxygen supply measure in operation, accomplishes to mix thoroughly, duty is turned over, ventilates and be advisable.
(5), fermented.After feces of livestock and poultry piles up 48 hours, temperature rises to 50 ~ 60 DEG C, within the 3rd day, can reach more than 65 DEG C, want overturning at these elevated temperatures once, there will be twice high temperature of more than 65 DEG C in fermenting process, material water ratio drops to less than 30%, temperature drops to normal temperature, can ferment in normal one week.Overturning both can complete fermentation twice, and the now harmless treatment of material thoroughly completes.
Microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention compares with other fertilizer: 1, the advantage that compares of microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention and farm manure; Microbial organic fertilizer becomes thoroughly decomposed completely, and worm's ovum mortality ratio reaches more than 95%; Farm manure is stacked simple, and worm's ovum mortality ratio is low.Microbial organic fertilizer odorless, farm manure foul smelling.Microbial organic fertilizer is used conveniently, evenly; Inconvenience used by farm manure, and Term Fertilization is uneven.2, the advantage that compares of microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention and chemical fertilizer; Microbial organic fertilizer nutritive element is complete; Chemical fertilizer nutritive element only has one or more.Microbial organic fertilizer can improve soil; Chemical fertilizer often use can cause soil compaction.Microbial organic fertilizer can improve product quality; Chemical fertilizer application too much causes product quality inferior.Microbial organic fertilizer can improve crop root micropopulation, improves the resistant to diseases and insects of plant; Chemical fertilizer is then crop microorganism individual, easily disease and pest occurs.Microbial organic fertilizer can promote the utilization of chemical fertilizer, improves the utilization ratio of chemical fertilizer; Chemical fertilizer is used alone and easily causes the fixing of nutrient and run off.3, the production process of microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention is exactly a process turned waste into wealth, and scientific and technological content is higher, and effect of increasing production is obvious.Improve crop yield, improving crops quality and carrying out agricultural development has important meaning.By the artificial screening of beneficial organism bacterium, separation, domestication culture technique, beneficial organism flora to be contacted after harmless treatment in microbial organic fertilizer, improve soil property, reduce environmental pollution.
Effect of microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention has: 1, nurse one's health soil, activation Soil Microorganism enlivens rate, overcomes soil compaction, increases soil air permeability.Reduce water loss and evaporation, alleviate arid pressure, fertilizer conservation, minimizing chemical fertilizer, alleviate saline and alkaline infringement, when reduce fertilizer amount or progressively replacing fertilizer, increase soil fertility, food crop, cash crop, greengrocery, melon and fruit class are significantly increased production.2, improve quality of agricultural product, fruit lovely luster, head is neat, maturation is concentrated, melon agricultural-food sugar degree, VITAMIN, micro-equal size are all improved, and mouthfeel is good, is beneficial to and expands export, and improve price.3, improve crop economical character, make crop stalk sturdy, leaf look dark green, blooms in advance, and do fruit rate high, fruit marketability is good, ahead of time Time To Market.Strengthen crop resistance and resistance, alleviate disease and soil-borne disease that crop causes because of continuous cropping, reduce sickness rate; There is good effect to the control of mosaic disease, balck shank, anthrax etc., strengthen crop to the integrated campaign ability of poor environment.The minimizing of chemical fertilizer sowing amount, nitrate content in corresponding minimizing agricultural-food.
In the production of beneficial organism bacterium organism of fermentation fertilizer of the present invention can also: the aerobic microbiological 1, with special efficacy capacity of decomposition, can grow, decomposing organic matter in composting process.2, the compound strain of feces of livestock and poultry in useful fermenting agent product can decompose rapidly the organic substance in city and agricultural waste.3, decomposing lignocellulose thalline first opens fibrous texture to make sugar can be used for the metabolism of different microorganisms.Microorganism utilize cellulase, zytase, amylase, decomposition xylogen enzyme, humic acid, trace element etc. in compost three, useful fermenting agent; Sugar is discharged from Mierocrystalline cellulose, hemicellulose, starch, carbohydrate.Beneficial organism bacterial strain grows and strengthens in compost, effectively suppresses the growth of miscellaneous bacteria and vertebrates bacterium worm, prevents the objectionable impurities such as stink and pathogenic bacterium.4, organic waste are reduced; From organic waste, reclaim nutrient a kind of effective ways are provided; Best nature coverture and soil improvement agent; Improve Soil structure, strengthen the water retention capacity of soil; Loose clayey soil, helps sandy soil to preserve moisture; Improve soil fertility, the healthy growth of stimulating plant root system.5, the organic matter in compost provides food for microorganism, and microorganism then maintains soil health and balance; Microorganism can produce nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium feeding while, can reduce the input of chemical fertilizer, price reduction cost; Save garbage bury place, the Land pollution that minimizing garbage bury leachate causes and water pollutions; Use the microbial organic fertilizer used in farm crop farmland or vegetable plot.
Adopt after technique scheme, the microbial organic fertilizer of beneficial organism bacterium fermentation of the present invention has that production cost is low, improvement soil, improves crop products quality, improves the output of farm crop, promote that China's characteristic agriculture development plays a role in promoting; Innoxious degree is high, improvement soil, be beneficial to absorptions, slow synergy, increasing both production and income, culture fertility, balanced nutritious, to contribute in natural decomposition soil multiple beneficial composition for the advantage of plant absorption utilization after particularly using.
Embodiment
Embodiment one, the microbial organic fertilizer of beneficial organism bacterium fermentation of the present invention is formed by the raw material beneficial organism strain fermentation of following weight proportion: active humic acid 10 tons, 3 tons, nitrogenous fertilizer, 1.5 tons, phosphate fertilizer, 1.5 tons, potash fertilizer, boron fertilizer 1 ton, siliceous fertilizer 0.5 ton and iron fertilizer 0.3 ton, zinc fertilizer 0.3 ton, fertile 0.3 ton of copper, fertiliser containing magnesium 0.2 ton, manganese fertilizer 0.2 ton, calcareous fertilisers 0.3 ton, molydbenum fertilizer 0.3 ton, vanadium fertilizer 0.3 ton and the surplus organic matter fermentation material 80.3 tons with dry weight metering.
Described organic fermentation material is sheep excrement, be watered to water content be 50 ~ 60%.Described organic fertilizer fermentation bacterial classification is commercially available rich selenium organic fermenting bacterial preparation, and starter consumption is every cube of fermentation material 0.2-0.4 kilogram.Described nitrogenous fertilizer is bicarbonate of ammonia, phosphate fertilizer is calcium superphosphate, potash fertilizer is potassium oxide, boron fertilizer is boric acid, siliceous fertilizer is water soluble silica, iron fertilizer is ferric oxide, zinc fertilizer is zinc sulfate, copper fertilizer is copper sulfate, and fertiliser containing magnesium is magnesium sulfate, manganese fertilizer is Manganse Dioxide, calcareous fertilisers are calcium carbonate, molydbenum fertilizer is moly-sulfide, vanadium fertilizer is Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES.
Described fermentation is: by 1: 0.2: 100 dilution in proportion of fermenting agent, brown sugar and water, cultivation 12-24 hour, makes active bacteria liquid; Described fermentation material, active bacteria liquid mix, are watered or convert dry fermentation material, and control water content 50 ~ 60%, carry out compost fermentation 7-15 days, oven dry is made; The suitable oxygen supply of fermenting process and turning, heat up and control at about 50 DEG C.
Described turning is that temperature wants turning casting, to ensure that the highest leavening temperature is no more than 68 DEG C when rising to more than 50 DEG C.
Described control water content is hand-tightly grab a material, webs water breakthrough print but do not drip, and landing namely loose being as the criterion; Described compost height 1.5-2 rice, width 2-3 rice, length is being greater than 3 meters.
More specifically fermentation step is:
(1), fermentation material pre-treatment (or modulation); Sheep excrement is called in moisture, moisture content is controlled 40 ~ 65%.Moisture judges; Hand-tightly grab a fermentation material webs water breakthrough print mixed up but do not drip, landing namely loose being advisable.(2), mixed fermentation is inoculated; Microbial organic fertilizer fermenting agent is mixed into the fermentation material mixed up and builds heap, namely strain liquid limit Jian Dui is sprayed on limit, and pile high and volume, pile high 1.5----2 rice, wide 2 meters, length is not limit.
(3), start-up temperature.Start-up temperature should more than 15 DEG C better, and fermentation calefaction controls to be advisable below 60-65 DEG C.Temperature starts to decline.Turning once, female bacterium; Allow aerobic fermentation and anaerobic bacterial fermentation intersect occur to carry out simultaneously.Material is by original rancid, quality thickness, has a large amount of fly to bite, and has to become stink and substantially disappear, bite without fly, material starts there is a small amount of ammonia nitrogen odor dispersion, and larger molecular organics matter starts to be decomposed in a large number, and material starts to distribute earth nature and flavor, without obvious peculiar smell, macrobead organic impurities in original material thoroughly decomposes, sponginess, is fermentation termination standard.
(4), cooling drying completes; Fermentation completes substantially, but for keeping microorganism active wherein and harmless treatment being carried out thoroughly, mixes ventilation thoroughly.Wherein livestock manure fermented oxygen consumption is many, should strengthen oxygen supply measure in operation, accomplishes to mix thoroughly, duty is turned over, ventilates and be advisable.
(5), fermented.After feces of livestock and poultry piles up 48 hours, temperature rises to 50 ~ 60 DEG C, within the 3rd day, can reach more than 65 DEG C, want overturning at these elevated temperatures once, there will be twice high temperature of more than 65 DEG C in fermenting process, material water ratio drops to less than 30%, temperature drops to normal temperature, can ferment in normal one week.Overturning both can complete fermentation twice, and the now harmless treatment of material thoroughly completes.
Embodiment two, the microbial organic fertilizer of beneficial organism bacterium fermentation of the present invention is formed by the raw material beneficial organism strain fermentation of following weight proportion: active humic acid 15 tons, 9 tons, nitrogenous fertilizer, 4.5 tons, phosphate fertilizer, 4.5 tons, potash fertilizer, boron fertilizer 3 tons, siliceous fertilizer 1.5 tons and iron fertilizer 0.7 ton, zinc fertilizer 0.7 ton, fertile 0.7 ton of copper, fertiliser containing magnesium 0.4 ton, manganese fertilizer 0.4 ton, calcareous fertilisers 0.7 ton, molydbenum fertilizer 0.7 ton, vanadium fertilizer 0.7 ton and the surplus organic matter fermentation material 57.5 tons with dry weight metering.
Described organic fermentation material is the maize straw of freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement and pulverizing, by their mix after to water content be 50 ~ 60%.Described organic fertilizer fermentation bacterial classification is commercially available rich selenium organic fermenting bacterial preparation, and starter consumption is every cube of fermentation material 0.2-0.4 kilogram.Described nitrogenous fertilizer is urea, phosphate fertilizer is calcium superphosphate, potash fertilizer is potassium oxide, boron fertilizer is boric acid, siliceous fertilizer is water soluble silica, iron fertilizer is ferric oxide, zinc fertilizer is zinc sulfate, copper fertilizer is copper sulfate, and fertiliser containing magnesium is magnesium sulfate, manganese fertilizer is Manganse Dioxide, calcareous fertilisers are calcium carbonate, molydbenum fertilizer is moly-sulfide, vanadium fertilizer is Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES.
Described fermentation is: by 1: 0.2: 100 dilution in proportion of fermenting agent, brown sugar and water, cultivation 12-24 hour, makes active bacteria liquid; Described fermentation material, active bacteria liquid mix, are watered or convert dry fermentation material, and control water content 50 ~ 60%, carry out compost fermentation 7-15 days, oven dry is made; The suitable oxygen supply of fermenting process and turning, heat up and control at about 50 DEG C.
Described turning is that temperature wants turning casting, to ensure that the highest leavening temperature is no more than 68 DEG C when rising to more than 50 DEG C.
Described control water content is hand-tightly grab a material, webs water breakthrough print but do not drip, and landing namely loose being as the criterion; Described compost height 1.5-2 rice, width 2-3 rice, length is being greater than 3 meters.
More specifically fermentation step is:
(1), fermentation material pre-treatment (or modulation); Freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement is called in the maize straw of pulverizing, moisture content is controlled 40 ~ 65%.Moisture judges; Hand-tightly grab a fermentation material webs water breakthrough print mixed up but do not drip, landing namely loose being advisable.(2), mixed fermentation is inoculated; Microbial organic fertilizer fermenting agent is mixed into the fermentation material mixed up and builds heap, namely strain liquid limit Jian Dui is sprayed on limit, and pile high and volume, pile high 1.5----2 rice, wide 2 meters, length is not limit.
(3), start-up temperature.Start-up temperature should more than 15 DEG C better, and fermentation calefaction controls to be advisable below 60-65 DEG C.Temperature starts to decline.Turning once, female bacterium; Allow aerobic fermentation and anaerobic bacterial fermentation intersect occur to carry out simultaneously.Material is by original rancid, quality thickness, has a large amount of fly to bite, and has to become stink and substantially disappear, bite without fly, material starts there is a small amount of ammonia nitrogen odor dispersion, and larger molecular organics matter starts to be decomposed in a large number, and material starts to distribute earth nature and flavor, without obvious peculiar smell, macrobead organic impurities in original material thoroughly decomposes, sponginess, is fermentation termination standard.
(4), cooling drying completes; Fermentation completes substantially, but for keeping microorganism active wherein and harmless treatment being carried out thoroughly, mixes ventilation thoroughly.Wherein livestock manure fermented oxygen consumption is many, should strengthen oxygen supply measure in operation, accomplishes to mix thoroughly, duty is turned over, ventilates and be advisable.
(5), fermented.After feces of livestock and poultry piles up 48 hours, temperature rises to 50 ~ 60 DEG C, within the 3rd day, can reach more than 65 DEG C, want overturning at these elevated temperatures once, there will be twice high temperature of more than 65 DEG C in fermenting process, material water ratio drops to less than 30%, temperature drops to normal temperature, can ferment in normal one week.Overturning both can complete fermentation twice, and the now harmless treatment of material thoroughly completes.
Embodiment three, the microbial organic fertilizer of beneficial organism bacterium fermentation of the present invention is formed by the raw material beneficial organism strain fermentation of following weight proportion: active humic acid 12 tons, 6 tons, nitrogenous fertilizer, 3 tons, phosphate fertilizer, 3 tons, potash fertilizer, boron fertilizer 2 tons, siliceous fertilizer 1 ton and iron fertilizer 0.5 ton, zinc fertilizer 0.5 ton, fertile 0.5 ton of copper, fertiliser containing magnesium 0.3 ton, manganese fertilizer 0.3 ton, calcareous fertilisers 0.5 ton, molydbenum fertilizer 0.5 ton, vanadium fertilizer 0.5 ton and the surplus organic matter fermentation material 68.4 tons with dry weight metering.
Described organic fermentation material is fresh pig dung and saw dust, by their mix after to water content be 50 ~ 60%.Described organic fertilizer fermentation bacterial classification is commercially available rich selenium organic fermenting bacterial preparation, and starter consumption is every cube of fermentation material 0.2-0.4 kilogram.Described nitrogenous fertilizer is ammonium nitrate, phosphate fertilizer is calcium superphosphate, potash fertilizer is potassium oxide, boron fertilizer is boric acid, siliceous fertilizer is water soluble silica, iron fertilizer is ferric oxide, zinc fertilizer is zinc sulfate, copper fertilizer is copper sulfate, and fertiliser containing magnesium is magnesium sulfate, manganese fertilizer is Manganse Dioxide, calcareous fertilisers are calcium carbonate, molydbenum fertilizer is moly-sulfide, vanadium fertilizer is Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES.
Described fermentation is: by 1: 0.2: 100 dilution in proportion of fermenting agent, brown sugar and water, cultivation 12-24 hour, makes active bacteria liquid; Described fermentation material, active bacteria liquid mix, are watered or convert dry fermentation material, and control water content 50 ~ 60%, carry out compost fermentation 7-15 days, oven dry is made; The suitable oxygen supply of fermenting process and turning, heat up and control at about 50 DEG C.
Described turning is that temperature wants turning casting, to ensure that the highest leavening temperature is no more than 68 DEG C when rising to more than 50 DEG C.
Described control water content is hand-tightly grab a material, webs water breakthrough print but do not drip, and landing namely loose being as the criterion; Described compost height 1.5-2 rice, width 2-3 rice, length is being greater than 3 meters.
More specifically fermentation step is:
(1), fermentation material pre-treatment (or modulation); Fresh pig dung is called in saw dust, moisture content is controlled 40 ~ 65%.Moisture judges; Hand-tightly grab a fermentation material webs water breakthrough print mixed up but do not drip, landing namely loose being advisable.(2), mixed fermentation is inoculated; Microbial organic fertilizer fermenting agent is mixed into the fermentation material mixed up and builds heap, namely strain liquid limit Jian Dui is sprayed on limit, and pile high and volume, pile high 1.5----2 rice, wide 2 meters, length is not limit.
(3), start-up temperature.Start-up temperature should more than 15 DEG C better, and fermentation calefaction controls to be advisable below 60-65 DEG C.Temperature starts to decline.Turning once, female bacterium; Allow aerobic fermentation and anaerobic bacterial fermentation intersect occur to carry out simultaneously.Material is by original rancid, quality thickness, has a large amount of fly to bite, and has to become stink and substantially disappear, bite without fly, material starts there is a small amount of ammonia nitrogen odor dispersion, and larger molecular organics matter starts to be decomposed in a large number, and material starts to distribute earth nature and flavor, without obvious peculiar smell, macrobead organic impurities in original material thoroughly decomposes, sponginess, is fermentation termination standard.
(4), cooling drying completes; Fermentation completes substantially, but for keeping microorganism active wherein and harmless treatment being carried out thoroughly, mixes ventilation thoroughly.Wherein livestock manure fermented oxygen consumption is many, should strengthen oxygen supply measure in operation, accomplishes to mix thoroughly, duty is turned over, ventilates and be advisable.
(5), fermented.After feces of livestock and poultry piles up 48 hours, temperature rises to 50 ~ 60 DEG C, within the 3rd day, can reach more than 65 DEG C, want overturning at these elevated temperatures once, there will be twice high temperature of more than 65 DEG C in fermenting process, material water ratio drops to less than 30%, temperature drops to normal temperature, can ferment in normal one week.Overturning both can complete fermentation twice, and the now harmless treatment of material thoroughly completes.
Microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention is a kind of high quick-acting, slight alkalinity microbial fertilizer, and organic matter is many, and fertilizer efficiency is fast, is suitable for various soil application.Various farm crop need the difference of various element, adopt scientific compatibility, by required for farm crop, supply nutrient.After microbial organic fertilizer is manured into soil, can increase the organic matter of soil, it is containing active humic acid, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace element; Boron, silicon, copper, magnesium, selenium, molybdenum, the biological of the various trace elements content such as vanadium, can promote the formation of soil aggregate, create water conservation, fertilizer conservation, and protecting gas and insulation, is four large conditions of edatope.Promote multiple beneficial microbial reproduction, increase soil organic content.
The scope of application of microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention is very wide, is mainly land for growing field crops farm crop; Paddy rice, wheat, corn, peanut etc., cash crop soybean, cotton, sesame, tealeaves, tobacco leaf etc., gourd, fruit and vegetable, strawberry, pineapple, Kiwifruit, lichee, apple, jasmine, grape etc., seedling wood flower, ornamental plant, herbal medicine etc.
The area that emphasis is used and crop have: 1, Tangshan Leting County; Paddy rice, uses the microbial organic fertilizer that above-described embodiment one is made.2, Luan County, Tangshan; Wheat, uses the microbial organic fertilizer that above-described embodiment two is made.3, Luannan County, Tangshan; Vegetable Base (leek, capsicum, rape etc.), uses the microbial organic fertilizer that above-described embodiment three is made.Experiment results proved can significantly improve the yield and quality of above-mentioned various crops.
Microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention proves through more multiregion and Geng Duo crop test: the effect of increasing production of farm crop is as follows; Paddy rice 30%, wheat 25%, corn 35%, cotton 18%, garlic 8%, peanut 9.6%, capsicum 10%, onion 13%, sesame 16%, soya bean 25%, cucumber 30.8%, potato 45%, tomato about 50%, fruit tree 28.6%.
It utilizes microbial fermentation technology, carries out quick fermentation to feces of livestock and poultry, human excrement, agricultural crop straw, reaches intensification, deodorizing, innoxious effect, meets the element nutrition such as microorganism and the indispensable mineral substance of plant nutrition.To the microorganism species in soil, create good growth, breeding ecology environment, promote microbial activities, suppress the breeding of harmful bacteria.Make microbial organic fertilizer, reach waste recycling, again reduce the investment of production cost of peasant household.
Microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention is nutritious, can be used for cash crop, the seedling wood flower Nutrition Soils such as paddy rice, wheat, corn, gourd, fruit and vegetable, increase in value several times.Feces of livestock and poultry after fermentation can improve Soil structure, strengthen fertilizer efficiency.Wherein beneficial organism bacterium energy stimulating growth and promote that the active and biological activity of soil chemistry improves, not only increases soil fertility, soil water-retaining water supply capacity strengthens, stimulate crop root grow many and grow, strengthen the arid ability of Soil Anti; Regulate the soil moisture, strengthen soil and alleviate low temperature and high temperature damage; The shock absorption of soda acid prevented and reduces soil acid-base harm and salt damage, being conducive to control Soil degradation and desertification; Redox, ion exchange and comprehensive action such as raising soil microorganisms and soil enzyme activities etc.
Can pollute the pollution of the agricultural chemicals in control soil, heavy metal, organic pollutant and minimizing body eutrophication.
It has safe and efficient, nontoxic, and nutrient is comprehensive, and stable in properties, progressively decomposes, and improves disease resistance, and promote strong sprout, natural organotrophic advantage is the Novel microbial organic fertilizer of high-quality low-carbon green environment-friendly highly efficient.
Effect of microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention has: 1, nurse one's health soil, activation Soil Microorganism enlivens rate, overcomes soil compaction, increases soil air permeability.Reduce water loss and evaporation, alleviate arid pressure, fertilizer conservation, minimizing chemical fertilizer, alleviate saline and alkaline infringement, when reduce fertilizer amount or progressively replacing fertilizer, increase soil fertility, food crop, cash crop, greengrocery, melon and fruit class are significantly increased production.2, improve quality of agricultural product, fruit lovely luster, head is neat, maturation is concentrated, melon agricultural-food sugar degree, VITAMIN, micro-equal size are all improved, and mouthfeel is good, are conducive to expanding export, and improve price.3, improve crop economical character, make crop stalk sturdy, leaf look dark green, blooms in advance, and do fruit rate high, fruit marketability is good, ahead of time Time To Market.Strengthen crop resistance and resistance, alleviate disease and soil-borne disease that crop causes because of continuous cropping, reduce sickness rate; There is good effect to the control of mosaic disease, balck shank, anthrax etc., strengthen crop to the integrated campaign ability of poor environment.The minimizing of chemical fertilizer sowing amount, nitrate content in corresponding minimizing agricultural-food.
The feature of microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention has: 1, the microorganism of useful ecology and fertilizer nutrition, and humic acid, trace element are complete, can improve soil, improve the soil compaction using chemical fertilizer to cause.Improve soil physical and chemical property, strengthen the ability of soil water-retaining, fertilizer conservation, fertilizer.2, mutual symbiosis Relationship With Proliferation is formed with Soil Microorganism and heavy metal after beneficial microorganism, trace element enter soil, harmful bacteria is suppressed to grow and be converted into beneficial organism bacterium, interact, mutually promote, play the synergy of colony, beneficial organism bacterium produces a large amount of meta-bolitess in growth and breeding process, impels the organic decomposition and inversion of microorganism, directly or indirectly for crop provides multiple nutrients and pungent, promote and regulation and control plant growth.3, soil porosity, penetrating exchangeability and plant survival rate, increase beneficial organism bacterium and soil microorganisms, trace element and flora is improved.The advantage beneficial organism flora formed at crop root can suppress harmful pathogenic bacteria procreation, strengthens the disease index that the degeneration-resistant resistance against diseases of crop reduces continuous cropping crop, uses year after year and greatly can alleviate continuous cropping obstacle.Reducing environmental pollution, to people, animal, environmental safety, nontoxic, is the Novel microbial organic fertilizer of high-quality low-carbon green environment-friendly highly efficient.
The Application Areas of microbial technique of the present invention: 1, because agricultural uses chemical fertilizer in a large number, causes the decline of soil compaction, fertility, the deterioration of the ecological environment.The quality of agricultural product produced is inferior, poisonous and harmful, eats for a long time and brings a lot of disease to the people." outlet of agricultural is finally by microorganism in the future, and the biotechnology such as humic acid, trace element solves, and lean on sophisticated technology "." microbial bacteria technology is the hope in Chinese agriculture future ".2, according to National agricultural development strategy, development Hi-Tech Products of China, can replace the low-carbon green environment-friendly microbial fertilizer of chemical fertilizer." microbial organic fertilizer of the present invention " apply the disadvantage that can solve because causing to fertilize.Make the people's edible nontoxic, nuisanceless, free of contamination safety, high-quality, nutrient green food as early as possible, improve people ' s health longevity level.

Claims (10)

1. the microbial organic fertilizer of a beneficial organism bacterium fermentation, it is characterized in that being formed by the raw material beneficial organism strain fermentation of following weight proportion: active humic acid 10-15%, nitrogenous fertilizer 3-9%, phosphate fertilizer 1.5-4.5%, potash fertilizer 1.5-4.5%, boron fertilizer 1-3%, siliceous fertilizer 0.5-1.5% and iron fertilizer 0.3-0.7-%, zinc fertilizer 0.3-0.7%, copper fertile 0.3-0.7%, fertiliser containing magnesium 0.2-0.4%, manganese fertilizer 0.2-0.4%, calcareous fertilisers 0.3-0.7%, molydbenum fertilizer 0.3-0.7%, vanadium fertilizer 0.3-0.7% and the surplus organic matter fermentation material with dry weight metering.
2. fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the weight proportion of raw material is: active humic acid 12%, nitrogenous fertilizer 6%, phosphate fertilizer 3%, potash fertilizer 3%, boron fertilizer 2%, siliceous fertilizer 1% and iron fertilizer 0.5%, zinc fertilizer 0.5%, copper fertilizer 0.5%, fertiliser containing magnesium 0.3%, manganese fertilizer 0.3%, calcareous fertilisers 0.5%, molydbenum fertilizer 0.5%, vanadium fertilizer 0.5% and the surplus organic matter fermentation material with dry weight metering.
3. fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that one or any multiple from stalk, leaf, schlempe, life organic waste and saw dust, feces of livestock and poultry, human excrement in of described organic fermentation material choosing through pulverizing.
4. fertilizer according to claim 3, when it is characterized in that fermentation, water content is 50 ~ 60%; Fermentation material comprises poultry manure or human excrement.
5. fertilizer according to claim 1, is characterized in that described beneficial organism bacterial classification is organic fertilizer fermentation bacterial classification; Described beneficial bacterial classification consumption is every cube of fermentation material 0.2-0.4 kilogram.
6. fertilizer according to claim 5, is characterized in that described organic fertilizer fermentation bacterial classification is rich selenium organic fermenting bacterial preparation; Described beneficial bacterial classification consumption is that every cube of fermentation material is with 0.3 kilogram.
7. fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described nitrogenous fertilizer is bicarbonate of ammonia or urea or ammonium nitrate, phosphate fertilizer is calcium superphosphate, potash fertilizer is potassium oxide, boron fertilizer is boric acid, siliceous fertilizer is water soluble silica, iron fertilizer is ferric oxide, zinc fertilizer is zinc sulfate, copper fertilizer is copper sulfate, and fertiliser containing magnesium is magnesium sulfate, manganese fertilizer is Manganse Dioxide, calcareous fertilisers are calcium carbonate, molydbenum fertilizer is moly-sulfide, vanadium fertilizer is Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES.
8. according to the arbitrary described fertilizer of claim 1-7, it is characterized in that described fermentation is: by 1: 0.2: 100 dilution in proportion of fermenting agent, brown sugar and water, cultivation 12-24 hour, makes active bacteria liquid; Described fermentation material, active bacteria liquid mix, are watered or convert dry fermentation material, and control water content 50 ~ 60%, carry out compost fermentation 7-15 days, oven dry is made; The suitable oxygen supply of fermenting process and turning, heat up and control at about 50 DEG C.
9. fertilizer according to claim 8, is characterized in that described turning is that temperature wants turning casting, to ensure that the highest leavening temperature is no more than 68 DEG C when rising to more than 50 DEG C.
10. fertilizer according to claim 8, is characterized in that described control water content is hand-tightly grab a material, webs water breakthrough print but do not drip, and landing namely loose being as the criterion; Described compost height 1.5-2 rice, width 2-3 rice, length is being greater than 3 meters.
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CN108371002A (en) * 2016-10-26 2018-08-07 梁苑春 A kind of cultivation formula fertilizer of richness magnesium Giantleaf Ardisia Rhizome
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CN106064973A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-11-02 句容市鑫诚果业家庭农场 A kind of large cherry selenium-enriched high-calcium fertilizer and preparation method thereof and application process
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CN110066209A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-07-30 华南农业大学 A kind of fertilizer specially for peanut and preparation method improving Drought Resistance in Peanut
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CN110352679A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-10-22 四川大学 The chemical fertilizer kept soil from packing together applies material method
CN110352679B (en) * 2019-08-22 2020-05-05 四川大学 Chemical fertilizer application method for preventing soil hardening
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Application publication date: 20160323