CN102921703A - Kitchen garbage pre-treatment technology and system thereof - Google Patents

Kitchen garbage pre-treatment technology and system thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102921703A
CN102921703A CN2012104485498A CN201210448549A CN102921703A CN 102921703 A CN102921703 A CN 102921703A CN 2012104485498 A CN2012104485498 A CN 2012104485498A CN 201210448549 A CN201210448549 A CN 201210448549A CN 102921703 A CN102921703 A CN 102921703A
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China
Prior art keywords
machine
rubbish
cooking
broken
feeding
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CN2012104485498A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102921703B (en
Inventor
黄谦
于家伊
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Beijing Goldenway Bio Tech Co Ltd
BEIJING JIABOWEN BIOSCIENCE Co Ltd
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BEIJING JIABOWEN BIOSCIENCE Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201210448549.8A priority Critical patent/CN102921703B/en
Publication of CN102921703A publication Critical patent/CN102921703A/en
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Publication of CN102921703B publication Critical patent/CN102921703B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a sorting technology and a sorting system which are used before aerobic fermentation technology material biochemical treatment. A kitchen garbage pre-treatment technology is characterized by comprising the steps which are that kitchen garbage is sent into a material-receiving machine, and leachate in the kitchen garbage is separated out; the material-receiving machine sends the kitchen garbage to a bag-breaking material-distributing machine which treats the kitchen garbage in a bag-breaking mode, bagged garbage is scattered, and garbage bags are sorted; iron ware mixed in materials is removed in a magnetic separation mode through magnetic separation equipment, and large inorganic substances are sorted through manual work; a beaker is used to break the sorted materials; an extrusion dehydrator is used to dehydrate the broken materials, and the dehydrated materials are sent to a material-storing bin. The invention also provides a kitchen garbage pre-treatment system. According to the technology, sorting rate of the materials is high, and the requirements of follow-up high-temperature aerobic fermentation of the kitchen garbage can be met.

Description

Rubbish from cooking pretreating process and system
Technical field
The present invention relates to rubbish from cooking scale process field, particularly relate to a kind of for sorting process and system before the biochemical treatment of aerobic fermentation process technology material.
Background technology
Build rubbish from cooking treatment plant in China, use biochemical processing device, utilize complex microorganism high-temperature aerobic fermentation technology to realize that innoxious, the resource of rubbish from cooking, minimizing process, can greatly alleviate the city environmental pollution that ever-increasing rubbish from cooking is brought, produce simultaneously market agricultural high-efficiency fertilizer salable, between urban environment improvement and green agriculture, erect a bridge block.
Rubbish from cooking is different from changing food waste and common rubbish, and the characteristic of rubbish from cooking is that complicated components, moisture content are high, can not directly enter the biochemical processing device fermentation, and process the early stage that must sort, pulverize and dewater it.Produce rancid phenomenon for avoiding rubbish from cooking to stack in a large number, advance the time unsuitable long (especially in summer) that factory's material is deposited, should accomplish at any time supplied materials, process at any time.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention provides the rubbish from cooking pretreating process that a kind of material sorting index is high, can satisfy follow-up rubbish from cooking high-temperature aerobic fermentation.
Rubbish from cooking pretreating process of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
(1), rubbish from cooking is sent into the material feeding machine, and isolate and ooze drop liquid in the rubbish from cooking;
(2), the material feeding machine is delivered to the broken bag material distributing machine with rubbish from cooking, the broken bag material distributing machine is carried out broken bag to rubbish from cooking and is processed, and packed rubbish is broken up, and sorted out refuse bag;
(3), by magnetic plant the ironware magnetic separation that is entrained in the material is screened out, by the large part inorganic matter in the artificial separation material;
(4), carry out break process with the material of disintegrating machine after to sorting;
(5), process with the material dewatering of extruding-desiccation machine after to fragmentation, the material after the dehydration is sent into the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready.
Rubbish from cooking pretreating process of the present invention, material is fractured into the fritter of 20mm-40mm in the wherein said step 4.
Rubbish from cooking pretreating process of the present invention, wherein said broken bag material distributing machine is paved the material of piling up by constrain height.
Rubbish from cooking pretreating process of the present invention, the discharging opening of wherein said material feeding machine is connected by totally enclosed first inclined angle belt conveyer with the charging of magnetic plant, and the material outlet of described extruding-desiccation machine is connected by totally enclosed second largest inclined angle belt conveyer with the charging aperture in the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready.
Rubbish from cooking pretreating process of the present invention is removed the drop liquid that oozes in the rubbish from cooking by the material feeding machine, by the broken bag material distributing machine packed rubbish from cooking is broken up, and refuse bag sorted out, by magnetic plant and artificial separation the ironware in the rubbish from cooking material and large part inorganic matter are removed, then disintegrating machine is with material crushing, after the extruding-desiccation machine processed, send into the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready, through the rubbish from cooking after the processing of this pretreating process, wherein most inorganic matters are effectively rejected, the particle diameter of rubbish material, the parameters such as moisture content all can satisfy the technological requirement of follow-up rubbish from cooking high-temperature aerobic fermentation.
The present invention also provides a kind of rubbish from cooking pretreatment system, comprise the material feeding machine, the broken bag material distributing machine, magnetic plant, the artificial separation device, disintegrating machine, extruding-desiccation machine and the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready, the charging aperture of magnetic plant is connected with the discharging opening of material feeding machine, the charging aperture of artificial separation device is connected with the discharging opening of magnetic plant, the charging aperture of disintegrating machine is connected with the discharging opening of artificial separation device, the charging aperture of extruding-desiccation machine is connected with the discharging opening of disintegrating machine, the charging aperture in storehouse of getting the raw materials ready is connected with the discharging opening of extruding-desiccation machine, and the broken bag material distributing machine is arranged at the carrier bar top of the chain board conveying mechanism of material feeding machine.
Rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention, wherein said magnetic plant is positioned at the top of material feeding machine discharging opening, magnetic plant is connected with the first inclined angle belt conveyer of material feeding machine discharging opening by sealing, get the raw materials ready position in storehouse in the top of extruding-desiccation machine, and the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready is connected with the second largest inclined angle belt conveyer of extruding-desiccation machine by sealing.
Rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention, wherein said material feeding machine comprises the material feeding engine housing, be fixedly mounted on the reducing motor in the material feeding engine housing, leachate collecting groove and peculiar smell collecting bin, the chain board conveying mechanism of material feeding machine is the drainage chain board conveying mechanism, the drainage chain board conveying mechanism also is fixedly mounted in the material feeding engine housing, the peculiar smell collecting bin is positioned at the front upper part of material feeding engine housing, be provided with blower fan in the peculiar smell collecting bin, the air inlet of peculiar smell collecting bin is communicated with the inner chamber of material feeding machine, the air outlet of peculiar smell collecting bin is communicated with the peculiar smell air processor, the drainage chain board conveying mechanism is positioned at the bottom of material feeding machine inner chamber, the carrier bar of drainage chain board conveying mechanism is orifice plate, the front end of carrier bar be positioned at the material feeding machine charging aperture under, the rear end of carrier bar is positioned at the top of material feeding machine discharging opening, drainage chain board conveying mechanism and reducing motor are in transmission connection, reducing motor is frequency control motor, the leachate collecting groove be positioned at the drainage chain board conveying mechanism under, the leachate collecting groove is downward-sloping setting from back to front, and the delivery port of leachate collecting groove is connected with sewage disposal device.
Rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention, wherein said broken bag material distributing machine comprises broken bag material distributing machine housing, cylinder and except bag mechanism, cylinder is fixedly set in the rotating shaft, what rotating shaft was rotated is installed on the broken bag material distributing machine housing, one end and first drive unit of rotating shaft are in transmission connection, on the outer circumference surface of cylinder, be installed with the crushing cutter of some broken refuse bags by tool rest, cylinder is positioned at the top of carrier bar of the chain board conveying mechanism of material feeding machine, except bag mechanism comprises the rake teeth plate, link gear, the second drive unit, hopper and frame, the upper end of rake teeth plate is hinged on the frame by bearing pin, bearing pin on the rake teeth plate and the shaft parallel of cylinder, the lower end of rake teeth plate is provided with some rake teeths, rake teeth and crushing cutter interval are arranged, and when cylinder rotates, rake teeth does not collide with crushing cutter, tool rest outer surface on the lower end of rake teeth and the outer circumference surface of cylinder approaches, hopper is fixedly mounted on the frame, and hopper is positioned at the back lower place of rake teeth plate, link gear comprises first connecting rod, second connecting rod and third connecting rod, the front end of first connecting rod is fixed on the rake teeth plate, the rear end of first connecting rod and the front end of second connecting rod are hinged, the rear end of second connecting rod and the lower end of third connecting rod are hinged, the middle part of third connecting rod is hinged on the frame, and the front end of the output shaft of the upper end of third connecting rod and the second drive unit is hinged.
Rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention, wherein said broken bag material distributing machine also comprises the homocline grid, the homocline grid is positioned at the front portion of broken bag material distributing machine housing, the homocline grid comprises grid fixed mount and some grille strips, the two ends, the left and right sides of grid fixed mount are fixed on the broken bag material distributing machine housing, some grille strips are installed on the grid fixed mount, some grille strips are arranged in a row, there is the gap between the grille strip that two two-phases are faced, all insert in the material on the carrier bar of chain board conveying mechanism the lower end of each grille strip, and each grille strip all can move up and down at the grid fixed mount.
Rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention, the top in the wherein said storehouse of getting the raw materials ready is equipped with arch breaking apparatus, arch breaking apparatus comprises broken arch frame, track, Arch-Breaking Device and the 3rd drive unit, track is fixedly mounted on the warehouse in the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready, the broken arch frame is installed in orbit by roller, is installed with Arch-Breaking Device in the lower end of broken arch frame, and the 3rd drive unit drives the broken arch frame and seesaws in orbit, Arch-Breaking Device comprises the broken arch bar of some vertical layouts, is parallel to each other between the broken arch bar.
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of rubbish from cooking pretreating process of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the front view of the material feeding machine of rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the left view of the material feeding machine of rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the front view of the broken bag material distributing machine of rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the right view of the broken bag material distributing machine of rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention;
Fig. 7 be rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention the broken bag material distributing machine except the bag mechanism front view;
Fig. 8 is the top view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the left view of Fig. 7;
Figure 10 is that cutaway view is looked on the left side of the extruding-desiccation machine of rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the front view in the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready of rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the front view of arch breaking apparatus in the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready of rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the top view of Figure 12.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 2, rubbish from cooking pretreatment system of the present invention, comprise material feeding machine 1, broken bag material distributing machine 2, magnetic plant 3, artificial separation device 4, disintegrating machine 5, extruding-desiccation machine 6 and the storehouse 7 of getting the raw materials ready, the charging aperture of magnetic plant 3 is connected with the discharging opening of material feeding machine 1, magnetic plant 3 is positioned at the top of material feeding machine 1 discharging opening, magnetic plant 3 is connected with the first inclined angle belt conveyer 8 of material feeding machine 1 discharging opening by sealing, the charging aperture of artificial separation device 4 is connected with the discharging opening of magnetic plant 3, the charging aperture of disintegrating machine 5 is connected with the discharging opening of artificial separation device 4, extruding-desiccation machine 6 be positioned at disintegrating machine 5 under, the charging aperture of extruding-desiccation machine 6 is connected with the discharging opening of disintegrating machine 5, the storehouse 7 of getting the raw materials ready is positioned at the top of extruding-desiccation machine 6, storehouse 7 and the extruding-desiccation machine 6 second largest inclined angle belt conveyer 9 by sealing of getting the raw materials ready is connected, broken bag material distributing machine 2 is arranged in the material feeding machine 1, and is positioned at the top, rear end of the carrier bar of material feeding machine 1 chain board conveying mechanism.All to adopt hermetically-sealed construction be to reveal for the gas with foreign flavor that prevents rubbish from cooking for first inclined angle belt conveyer 8 and second largest inclined angle belt conveyer 9 in the native system, and course of conveying is carried out in airtight space.
Such as Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4, material feeding machine 1 comprises material feeding engine housing 10, be fixedly mounted on the reducing motor 38 in the material feeding engine housing 10, leachate collecting groove 11, be subjected to charging tray 39 and peculiar smell collecting bin 12, the chain board conveying mechanism of material feeding machine 1 is drainage chain board conveying mechanism 13, drainage chain board conveying mechanism 13 also is fixedly mounted in the material feeding engine housing 10, peculiar smell collecting bin 12 is positioned at the front upper part of material feeding engine housing 10, be provided with blower fan in the peculiar smell collecting bin 12, the air inlet of peculiar smell collecting bin 12 is communicated with the inner chamber of material feeding machine 1, the air outlet of peculiar smell collecting bin 12 is communicated with the peculiar smell air processor, drainage chain board conveying mechanism 13 is positioned at the bottom of material feeding machine 1 inner chamber, drainage chain board conveying mechanism 13 comprises carrier bar, drive sprocket and driven sprocket, carrier bar is installed on drive sprocket and the driven sprocket, drive sprocket is positioned at the rear of driven sprocket, the carrier bar of drainage chain board conveying mechanism 13 is orifice plate, the front end of carrier bar be positioned at material feeding machine 1 charging aperture under, be subjected to charging tray 39 to be positioned at the below of charging aperture, be obliquely installed, its lower end is towards carrier bar, be used for directing material and enter carrier bar, the rear end of carrier bar is positioned at the top of material feeding machine 1 discharging opening, the drive sprocket of drainage chain board conveying mechanism 13 and reducing motor 38 are in transmission connection, reducing motor is frequency control motor, leachate collecting groove 11 be positioned at drainage chain board conveying mechanism 13 under, leachate collecting groove 11 is downward-sloping setting from back to front, and the delivery port of leachate collecting groove 11 is connected with sewage disposal device.The structure of material feeding machine and material contact site adopts the stainless steel material manufacturing.
The carrier bar of material feeding machine 1 is AND DEWATERING FOR ORIFICE STRUCTURE, has the function of the Separation of Solid and Liquid of rubbish from cooking, isolated ooze drop liquid and collected by leachate collecting groove 11 after, drain in the sewage disposal device by water pump and to process.Therefore, by the leachate collecting groove 11 that special link plate structure and equipment below arrange, separation and the collection that in discharging, course of conveying, can effectively realize oozing drop liquid.
Such as Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6, broken bag material distributing machine 2 comprises broken bag material distributing machine housing 14, cylinder 15 and removes bag mechanism 16, cylinder 15 is fixedly set in the rotating shaft, rotating shaft is by being installed on the broken bag material distributing machine housing 14 that bearing rotates, one end of rotating shaft and the first drive unit 17 are in transmission connection, the first drive unit 17 is reducing motor in the present embodiment, and the first drive unit 17 also can adopt hydraulic motor.Evenly be installed with the crushing cutter 19 of some broken refuse bags on the outer circumference surface of cylinder 15 by tool rest 18, crushing cutter 19 is uniform along the axis direction of cylinder 15, and centers on the circumference uniform distribution of cylinder 15.Cylinder 15 is positioned at the top of carrier bar of the chain drainage chain board conveying mechanism 13 of material feeding machine 1.In conjunction with Fig. 7, Fig. 8, shown in Figure 9, except bag mechanism 16 comprises rake teeth plate 20, link gear 21, the second drive unit 22, hopper 23 and frame 24.The upper end of rake teeth plate 20 is hinged on the frame 24 by bearing pin, the shaft parallel of the bearing pin on the rake teeth plate 20 and cylinder 15, the lower end of rake teeth plate 20 is arranged at intervals with some rake teeths 25, rake teeth 25 is arranged with crushing cutter 19 intervals on the cylinder 15, in case cylinder 15 is when rotating, rake teeth 25 and crushing cutter collision, bag can comprehensively remove rubbish simultaneously.Tool rest 18 outer surfaces on the outer circumference surface of the lower end of rake teeth 25 and cylinder 15 approach, hopper 23 is fixedly mounted on the frame 24, and hopper 23 is positioned at the back lower place of rake teeth plate 20, link gear 21 comprises first connecting rod 26, second connecting rod 27 and third connecting rod 28, the front end of first connecting rod 26 is fixed on the rake teeth plate 20, the front end of the rear end of first connecting rod 26 and second connecting rod 27 is hinged, the lower end of the rear end of second connecting rod 27 and third connecting rod 28 is hinged, the middle part of third connecting rod 28 is hinged on the frame 24, and the front end of the output shaft of the upper end of third connecting rod 28 and the second drive unit 22 is hinged.The second drive unit 22 is cylinder in the present embodiment, can certainly adopt hydraulic cylinder, the second drive unit 22 drives third connecting rod 28 around the interface point reciprocating rotation at its middle part, thereby drive rake teeth plate 20 and move back and forth around the bearing pin on the rake teeth plate 20 by second connecting rod 27, first connecting rod 26, when cylinder 15 rotates, reciprocating rake teeth can be removed the refuse bags such as polybag that stick on crushing cutter 19 and the cylinder 15 get off, and discharges via hopper 23.In the present embodiment, tool rest 18 is welded on the cylinder 15, and crushing cutter 19 adopts the bolted mode to be installed on the tool rest 18, and crushing cutter 19 materials are 45 steel.Crushing cutter 19 has improved its durability greatly through modified and Quenching Treatment.
Also comprise homocline grid 29 in broken bag material distributing machine 2, homocline grid 29 is positioned at the front portion of broken bag material distributing machine housing 14, homocline grid 29 comprises grid fixed mount 30 and some grille strips 31, the two ends, the left and right sides of grid fixed mount 30 are fixed on the broken bag material distributing machine housing 14, some grille strips 31 are movably arranged on the grid fixed mount 30, some grille strips 31 are arranged in a row, there is the gap between the grille strip 31 that two two-phases are faced, all insert in the material on the carrier bar of chain board conveying mechanism the lower end of each grille strip 31, and each grille strip 31 all can move up and down at grid fixed mount 30.When the thickness of feed layer on the needs adjustment carrier bar, can move up or down to realize by adjusting grille strip 31.
The major function of broken bag material distributing machine 2 is the packed rubbish from cooking in the supplied materials to be carried out broken bag process, and the polybag that will stick on crushing cutter 19 cutter heads and the cylinder 15 is rejected.By homocline grid 29, in broken bag, can further the bed of material be shakeout, the control of the control bed of material highly is not more than 200mm, and the further processing that is beneficial to material is carried.
As shown in figure 10, extruding-desiccation machine 6 comprises extruding rotating shaft 43, drainage cylindrical shell 44, extruding cone 45 and the holddown spring that is installed with extrusion spiral blade 42 on reducing motor 40, power distribution case 41, the outer circumference surface.Wherein push on the housing that is installed in extruding-desiccation machine 6 that the two ends, the left and right sides of rotating shaft 43 rotates, the right-hand member of extruding rotating shaft 43 is connected with reducing motor 40 by power distribution case 41, the charging aperture 48 of extruding-desiccation machine 6 is positioned at the top of extruding rotating shaft 43 right-hand members, drainage cylindrical shell 44 is sleeved in the extruding rotating shaft 43, the aperture for the treatment of hole is 2 millimeters on the drainage cylindrical shell 44, there is the gap between the outer end of the inwall of drainage cylindrical shell 44 and extrusion spiral blade 42, drainage cylindrical shell 44 is positioned at the left part of extruding rotating shaft 43, left end in extruding rotating shaft 43 also is set with extruding cone 45, extruding cone 45 can endwisely slip in extruding rotating shaft 43, the small end of extruding cone 45 to the right, the large end of extruding cone 45 is connected with extruding-desiccation machine 6 housings by holddown spring, extruding cone 45 provides the extruding force pressing materials by holddown spring, and the discharging opening 47 of extruding-desiccation machine 6 is positioned at the below of extruding cone 45.Material is entered in the extruding-desiccation machine 6 by charging aperture 48, reducing motor 40 drives extruding rotating shaft 43 rotations by power distribution case 41, extrusion spiral blade 42 in the extruding rotating shaft 43 rotates pressing materials, the moisture that is extruded in the material is separated out through drainage cylindrical shell 44, then enter sewage disposal system by pipeline, the material after the dehydration is discharged by discharging opening 47.By adjusting holddown spring to the elastic force of extruding cone 45, can change the dehydration rate of equipment.Extruding cone 45 can also make the material after the dehydration more easily fall into discharging opening 47 by its conical surface.
As shown in figure 11, the storehouse 7 of getting the raw materials ready comprises warehouse 49, level sensor 50, arch breaking apparatus 32, spiral discharging mechanism 51 and discharge door device 52.Level sensor 50 is arranged at the top of warehouse 49, for detection of warehouse 49 interior material capacity informations, with the productive temp of control material loading and discharging, prevents the excessive storehouse of material.Spiral discharging mechanism 51 is fixedly mounted on the bottom of warehouse 49, spiral discharging mechanism 51 is downward-sloping setting from front to back, spiral discharging mechanism 51 rotates to realize the vertical passing of material by its helical blade, ultrasonic wave material survey meter is housed on the discharge door device 52, automatically controlled signal when being used for discharging picks up feedback, material according to the in batches discharging of requirement that the ultrasonic wave material survey meter on the discharge door device 52 is set, satisfies instructions for use in the storehouse under the electrical control operation.
Shown in Figure 12,13, arch breaking apparatus 32 comprises broken arch frame 33, track 34, Arch-Breaking Device 35 and the 3rd drive unit 36, track 34 is fixedly mounted on the warehouse in the storehouse 7 of getting the raw materials ready, broken arch frame 33 is installed on the track 34 by roller, be installed with Arch-Breaking Device 35 in the lower end of broken arch frame 33, the 3rd drive unit 36 drives the front and back motion on track 34 of broken arch frame 33, and the 3rd drive unit 36 adopts Electrohydraulic push rods in the present embodiment, can certainly adopt hydraulic cylinder or cylinder.Arch-Breaking Device 35 comprises the broken arch bar 37 of some vertical layouts, is parallel to each other between the broken arch bar 37.Therefore the material on the warehouse 49 tops arching that may bond, promotes broken arch framves 33 by the 3rd drive unit 36 and moves back and forth along track 34, and material in the disturbance storehouse reaches the purpose of broken arch discharging.
Magnetic plant 3 in the present embodiment, artificial separation device 4, first inclined angle belt conveyer 8, second largest inclined angle belt conveyer 9 and disintegrating machine 5 all adopt common apparatus of the prior art, the peculiar smell control system is set in artificial separation device 4, the peculiar smell that material produces is processed, gas treatment rear discharging up to standard has improved the working environment of workman's sorting.Existing mature equipment on the market also can be adopted in material feeding machine 1 of the present invention, broken bag material distributing machine 2, extruding-desiccation machine 6 and the storehouse 7 of getting the raw materials ready.
As shown in Figure 2, in native system when work, is at first by material feeding machine 1 discharging of rubbish from cooking transport vehicle 54 pretreatment system more than the kitchen.Material feeding machine 1 can leach the drop liquid that oozes that mixes in the rubbish by the treatment hole on the carrier bar, transfers to sewage disposal system and processes, and simultaneously material is carried to broken bag material distributing machine 2.2 pairs of rubbish of broken bag material distributing machine carry out broken bag to be processed, and packed rubbish is broken up, and sorts out the partly plastic bag, simultaneously the material of piling up is shakeout, and is convenient to first inclined angle belt conveyer 8 even feedings.Rubbish from cooking after the broken bag is delivered to magnetic plant 3 by first inclined angle belt conveyer 8, and the ironware magnetic separation of mixing is wherein screened out; Then by artificial separation device 4, the large part inorganic matter in the material carries out the manual sorting such as vial, polybag, brick etc.Material behind magnetic separation and the manual sorting carries out Mechanical Crushing by Belt Conveying to disintegrating machine 5, becomes size to become the fritter of 20mm-40mm, the preferably fritter of 30 millimeter material crushing; Material after the fragmentation is sent into extruding-desiccation machine 6 and is carried out suitable processed according to the different requirements of biochemical processing process.Send into the storehouse 7 of getting the raw materials ready by the material behind the extrusion dehydration by second largest inclined angle belt conveyer 9 temporary, get the raw materials ready spiral discharging mechanism on the storehouse 7 according to the indication of material detector on the storehouse, quantitatively provide material to transporter, finish the front preliminary treatment work of rubbish from cooking biochemical treatment.
As shown in Figure 1, rubbish from cooking pretreating process of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
1, by the rubbish from cooking transport vehicle rubbish from cooking is sent into the material feeding machine, the transporting chain plate of material feeding machine has water filtering function, and the drop liquid that oozes in the rubbish is transferred to sewage disposal system;
2, the material feeding machine is delivered to the broken bag material distributing machine with rubbish from cooking, the broken bag material distributing machine is carried out broken bag to rubbish from cooking and is processed, packed rubbish is broken up, and sort out refuse bag, simultaneously the material of piling up is paved by constrain height, be convenient to the even feeding of belt conveyor, first inclined angle belt conveyer with mass transport to magnetic plant;
3, by magnetic plant the ironware magnetic separation that is entrained in the material is screened out, the ironware in the material is carried out magnetic separation screen out, then by the artificial separation device, the large part inorganic matter in the material carries out the manual sorting such as vial, polybag, brick etc.;
4, carry out break process with the material of disintegrating machine after to sorting, material is fractured into the fritter of 20mm-40mm, preferably the fritter of 30 millimeter;
5, the material after the fragmentation is according to the different requirements of biochemical processing process, send into extruding-desiccation machine and carry out suitable processed, it is temporary that the totally enclosed second largest inclined angle belt conveyer of material after the dehydration is sent into the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready, and finishes the front preliminary treatment work of rubbish from cooking biochemical treatment.
Above-described embodiment is described preferred embodiment of the present invention; be not that scope of the present invention is limited; design under the prerequisite of spirit not breaking away from the present invention; various distortion and improvement that those of ordinary skills make technical scheme of the present invention all should fall in the definite protection domain of claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. rubbish from cooking pretreating process is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
(1), rubbish from cooking is sent into the material feeding machine, and isolate and ooze drop liquid in the rubbish from cooking;
(2), the material feeding machine is delivered to the broken bag material distributing machine with rubbish from cooking, the broken bag material distributing machine is carried out broken bag to rubbish from cooking and is processed, and packed rubbish is broken up, and sorted out refuse bag;
(3), by magnetic plant the ironware magnetic separation that is entrained in the material is screened out, by the large part inorganic matter in the artificial separation material;
(4), carry out break process with the material of disintegrating machine after to sorting;
(5), process with the material dewatering of extruding-desiccation machine after to fragmentation, the material after the dehydration is sent into the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready.
2. rubbish from cooking pretreating process according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: material is fractured into the fritter of 20mm-40mm in the described step 4.
3. rubbish from cooking pretreating process according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described broken bag material distributing machine is paved the material of piling up by constrain height.
4. rubbish from cooking pretreating process according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the discharging opening of described material feeding machine is connected by totally enclosed first inclined angle belt conveyer with the charging of magnetic plant, and the material outlet of described extruding-desiccation machine is connected by totally enclosed second largest inclined angle belt conveyer with the charging aperture in the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready.
5. rubbish from cooking pretreatment system, it is characterized in that: comprise material feeding machine (1), broken bag material distributing machine (2), magnetic plant (3), artificial separation device (4), disintegrating machine (5), extruding-desiccation machine (6) and the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready (7), the charging aperture of described magnetic plant (3) is connected with the discharging opening of material feeding machine (1), the charging aperture of described artificial separation device (4) is connected with the discharging opening of magnetic plant (3), the charging aperture of disintegrating machine (5) is connected with the discharging opening of artificial separation device (4), the charging aperture of extruding-desiccation machine (6) is connected with the discharging opening of disintegrating machine (5), the charging aperture in storehouse (7) of getting the raw materials ready is connected with the discharging opening of extruding-desiccation machine (6), and described broken bag material distributing machine (2) is arranged at the carrier bar top of the chain board conveying mechanism of material feeding machine (1).
6. rubbish from cooking pretreatment system according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: magnetic plant (3) is positioned at the top of material feeding machine (1) discharging opening, magnetic plant (3) is connected with the first inclined angle belt conveyer (8) of material feeding machine (1) discharging opening by sealing, the described storehouse of getting the raw materials ready (7) is positioned at the top of extruding-desiccation machine (6), and the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready (7) are connected with the second largest inclined angle belt conveyer (9) of extruding-desiccation machine (6) by sealing.
7. rubbish from cooking pretreatment system according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described material feeding machine (1) comprises material feeding engine housing (10), be fixedly mounted on the reducing motor (38) in the material feeding engine housing (10), leachate collecting groove (11) and peculiar smell collecting bin (12), the chain board conveying mechanism of described material feeding machine (1) is drainage chain board conveying mechanism (13), described drainage chain board conveying mechanism (13) also is fixedly mounted in the material feeding engine housing (10), described peculiar smell collecting bin (12) is positioned at the front upper part of material feeding engine housing (10), the peculiar smell collecting bin is provided with blower fan in (12), the air inlet of peculiar smell collecting bin (12) is communicated with the inner chamber of material feeding machine (1), the air outlet of peculiar smell collecting bin (12) is communicated with the peculiar smell air processor, described drainage chain board conveying mechanism (13) is positioned at the bottom of material feeding machine (1) inner chamber, the carrier bar of described drainage chain board conveying mechanism (13) is orifice plate, the front end of described carrier bar be positioned at material feeding machine (1) charging aperture under, the rear end of carrier bar is positioned at the top of material feeding machine (1) discharging opening, drainage chain board conveying mechanism (13) is in transmission connection with reducing motor (38), described reducing motor is frequency control motor, described leachate collecting groove (11) be positioned at drainage chain board conveying mechanism (13) under, from back to front downward-sloping setting of leachate collecting groove (11), the delivery port of leachate collecting groove (11) is connected with sewage disposal device.
8. rubbish from cooking pretreatment system according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described broken bag material distributing machine (2) comprises broken bag material distributing machine housing (14), cylinder (15) and except bag mechanism (16), described cylinder (15) is fixedly set in the rotating shaft, what described rotating shaft was rotated is installed on the broken bag material distributing machine housing (14), one end of described rotating shaft and the first drive unit (17) are in transmission connection, be installed with the crushing cutter (19) of some broken refuse bags by tool rest (18) at the outer circumference surface of cylinder (15), described cylinder (15) is positioned at the top of carrier bar of the chain board conveying mechanism of material feeding machine (1), the described bag mechanism (16) that removes comprises rake teeth plate (20), link gear (21), the second drive unit (22), hopper (23) and frame (24), the upper end of described rake teeth plate (20) is hinged on the frame (24) by bearing pin, the shaft parallel of the bearing pin on the described rake teeth plate (20) and cylinder (15), the lower end of rake teeth plate (20) is provided with some rake teeths (25), described rake teeth (25) is arranged with crushing cutter (19) interval, and when cylinder (15) rotates, rake teeth (25) does not collide with crushing cutter (19), tool rest (18) outer surface on the outer circumference surface of the lower end of described rake teeth (25) and cylinder (15) approaches, described hopper (23) is fixedly mounted on the frame (24), and hopper (23) is positioned at the back lower place of rake teeth plate (20), described link gear (21) comprises first connecting rod (26), second connecting rod (27) and third connecting rod (28), the front end of described first connecting rod (26) is fixed on the rake teeth plate (20), the front end of the rear end of first connecting rod (26) and second connecting rod (27) is hinged, the lower end of the rear end of second connecting rod (27) and third connecting rod (28) is hinged, the middle part of third connecting rod (28) is hinged on the frame (24), and the front end of the output shaft of the upper end of third connecting rod (28) and the second drive unit (22) is hinged.
9. rubbish from cooking pretreatment system according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described broken bag material distributing machine (2) also comprises homocline grid (29), described homocline grid (29) is positioned at the front portion of broken bag material distributing machine housing (14), described homocline grid (29) comprises grid fixed mount (30) and some grille strips (31), the two ends, the left and right sides of described grid fixed mount (30) are fixed on the broken bag material distributing machine housing (14), some grille strips (31) are installed on the grid fixed mount (30), some grille strips (31) are arranged in a row, there is the gap in the grille strip that two two-phases are faced between (31), all insert in the material on the carrier bar of described chain board conveying mechanism the lower end of described each grille strip (31), and each grille strip (31) all can move up and down in grid fixed mount (30).
10. rubbish from cooking pretreatment system according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the top in the described storehouse of getting the raw materials ready (7) is equipped with arch breaking apparatus (32), described arch breaking apparatus (32) comprises broken arch frame (33), track (34), Arch-Breaking Device (35) and the 3rd drive unit (36), described track (34) is fixedly mounted on the warehouse of the storehouse of getting the raw materials ready (7), described broken arch frame (33) is installed on the track (34) by roller, be installed with Arch-Breaking Device (35) in the lower end of broken arch frame (33), described the 3rd drive unit (36) drives broken arch frame (33) motion before and after track (34) is upper, described Arch-Breaking Device (35) comprises the broken arch bar (37) of some vertical layouts, and the broken arch bar is parallel to each other between (37).
CN201210448549.8A 2012-11-09 2012-11-09 Kitchen garbage pre-treatment technology and system thereof Active CN102921703B (en)

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CN103447288A (en) * 2013-09-25 2013-12-18 中国人民解放军总后勤部军需装备研究所 Kitchen waste pretreatment equipment and technology
CN103756751A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-04-30 李纪明 Assembly line quick disposal and recycling method for kitchen waste
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CN103978014A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-08-13 重庆市环卫控股(集团)有限公司 Kitchen fruit and vegetable garbage pulping system
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CN104588400A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-05-06 首钢环境产业有限公司 High-temperature aerobic fermentation treatment device for kitchen waste
CN104759451A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-08 李海兰 Integrated system for treating kitchen waste
CN104774046A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-07-15 李文新 Kitchen garbage disposal method
CN105057324A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-18 汪大伟 Garbage treatment and reuse device
CN105312306A (en) * 2014-07-04 2016-02-10 青岛绿色家园环境设备有限公司 Crushing-sorting-pulping integrated pre-treatment method of kitchen waste
CN105716088A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-06-29 周伟初 Squeezing and extruding treatment method for soaked materials
CN106111672A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-11-16 无锡派乐科技有限公司 Garbage regeneration processing system
CN106269811A (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-01-04 深圳华云生物科技有限公司 A kind of wastes pre-processing system that changing food waste is used for insecticide raising and method
CN106269809A (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-01-04 深圳华云生物科技有限公司 A kind of system and method that changing food waste is processed
CN107127160A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-09-05 唐春美 A kind of system and method handled for categorized consumer waste
CN107374094A (en) * 2017-09-20 2017-11-24 宣城市婕泰智能厨卫技术开发有限公司 A kind of Intelligent cabinet with kitchen garbage processing system
CN107737791A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-02-27 宁波双麟环保设备制造有限公司 A kind of waste disposal method
CN110152775A (en) * 2019-06-05 2019-08-23 长沙埃比林环保科技有限公司 A kind of kitchen garbage circulation crushing system
CN110589314A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-20 浙江青草地环境科技有限公司 Community kitchen waste on-site treatment system
CN110624668A (en) * 2019-11-01 2019-12-31 张硕 Prevent useless solid compaction device for refuse treatment that peculiar smell gived off
CN110653064A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-01-07 合肥旭尧控制设备有限公司 Urban garbage recycling and pretreating device
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CN103130530A (en) * 2013-03-21 2013-06-05 北京世纪阿姆斯生物技术股份有限公司 Kitchen waste microbe processor
CN103130530B (en) * 2013-03-21 2016-01-13 北京世纪阿姆斯生物技术有限公司 Kitchen waste microbe processor
CN104415966A (en) * 2013-08-19 2015-03-18 北京天湖环保设备有限公司 Kitchen garbage treatment system and kitchen garbage treatment method
CN103447288A (en) * 2013-09-25 2013-12-18 中国人民解放军总后勤部军需装备研究所 Kitchen waste pretreatment equipment and technology
CN103447288B (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-09-30 中国人民解放军总后勤部军需装备研究所 A kind of food waste pretreatment equipment and technique
CN103756751A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-04-30 李纪明 Assembly line quick disposal and recycling method for kitchen waste
CN103756751B (en) * 2014-02-26 2015-05-27 李纪明 Assembly line quick disposal and recycling method for kitchen waste
CN103801555A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-05-21 湖州铁佛耐火材料有限公司 Mixed waste treatment center
CN103978014A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-08-13 重庆市环卫控股(集团)有限公司 Kitchen fruit and vegetable garbage pulping system
CN103978014B (en) * 2014-05-13 2015-12-02 重庆市环卫控股(集团)有限公司 Fruits and vegetables rubbish pulping system more than a kind of kitchen
CN105312306A (en) * 2014-07-04 2016-02-10 青岛绿色家园环境设备有限公司 Crushing-sorting-pulping integrated pre-treatment method of kitchen waste
CN104588400B (en) * 2015-01-15 2018-05-18 首钢环境产业有限公司 A kind of kitchen rubbish high temperature aerobic fermentation treatment device
CN104588400A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-05-06 首钢环境产业有限公司 High-temperature aerobic fermentation treatment device for kitchen waste
CN104759451A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-08 李海兰 Integrated system for treating kitchen waste
CN104774046A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-07-15 李文新 Kitchen garbage disposal method
CN104774046B (en) * 2015-04-16 2017-07-11 项赛赛 A kind of method for handling kitchen garbage
CN105057324A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-18 汪大伟 Garbage treatment and reuse device
CN111453112A (en) * 2016-03-22 2020-07-28 安徽省一一通信息科技有限公司 Intelligent sorting and distribution method for disassembled goods and small commodities
CN111453112B (en) * 2016-03-22 2022-02-18 安徽省一一通信息科技有限公司 Intelligent sorting and distribution method for disassembled goods and small commodities
CN105716088B (en) * 2016-04-19 2017-10-20 周伟初 A kind of squeezing extrusion process method for soaking material
CN105716088A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-06-29 周伟初 Squeezing and extruding treatment method for soaked materials
CN106111672A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-11-16 无锡派乐科技有限公司 Garbage regeneration processing system
CN106269811A (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-01-04 深圳华云生物科技有限公司 A kind of wastes pre-processing system that changing food waste is used for insecticide raising and method
CN106269809A (en) * 2016-10-24 2017-01-04 深圳华云生物科技有限公司 A kind of system and method that changing food waste is processed
CN107127160A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-09-05 唐春美 A kind of system and method handled for categorized consumer waste
CN107374094A (en) * 2017-09-20 2017-11-24 宣城市婕泰智能厨卫技术开发有限公司 A kind of Intelligent cabinet with kitchen garbage processing system
CN107737791A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-02-27 宁波双麟环保设备制造有限公司 A kind of waste disposal method
CN110152775A (en) * 2019-06-05 2019-08-23 长沙埃比林环保科技有限公司 A kind of kitchen garbage circulation crushing system
CN110589314A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-20 浙江青草地环境科技有限公司 Community kitchen waste on-site treatment system
CN110624668A (en) * 2019-11-01 2019-12-31 张硕 Prevent useless solid compaction device for refuse treatment that peculiar smell gived off
CN110653064A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-01-07 合肥旭尧控制设备有限公司 Urban garbage recycling and pretreating device
CN111842165A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-10-30 河南职业技术学院 Kitchen waste sorting system
CN111842165B (en) * 2020-07-20 2021-08-03 河南职业技术学院 Kitchen waste sorting system
CN112077115A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-12-15 中国市政工程华北设计研究总院有限公司 Kitchen waste extrusion screening pretreatment and dry/wet anaerobic fermentation treatment process system
CN112588795A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-02 浙江丽庭环境科技有限公司 Kitchen waste reduction pretreatment method
CN112605106A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-04-06 浙江丽庭环境科技有限公司 Kitchen waste aerobic fermentation reduction treatment system and treatment method thereof
CN113020216A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-25 江苏欧尔润生物科技有限公司 Method for recycling kitchen garbage and performing centralized treatment mode
CN113333442A (en) * 2021-07-06 2021-09-03 江苏泓润生物质能科技有限公司 Kitchen waste grease extraction system and method

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