CN104690063B - Domestic garbage crushing method for separating - Google Patents

Domestic garbage crushing method for separating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104690063B
CN104690063B CN201510003888.9A CN201510003888A CN104690063B CN 104690063 B CN104690063 B CN 104690063B CN 201510003888 A CN201510003888 A CN 201510003888A CN 104690063 B CN104690063 B CN 104690063B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
domestic garbage
plastics
garbage crushing
separating
screenings
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CN201510003888.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104690063A (en
Inventor
李天增
张胜利
王雪梅
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桑德环境资源股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201510003888.9A priority Critical patent/CN104690063B/en
Publication of CN104690063A publication Critical patent/CN104690063A/en
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Publication of CN104690063B publication Critical patent/CN104690063B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses one way of life refuse breaking method for separating, belong to field of domestic garbage treatment.The method includes: house refuse metering weigh laggard enter rubbish gather materials hole, hydraulic grab is delivered to apron feeder, enter rotary screen through chain scraper conveyor again, screen out super large piece article, oversize enters oversize collection system: after selecting regenerant by manual sorting's platform and magnetic separation, and residue house refuse send landfill yard to fill;Screenings reclaims after metal through the second magnetic separation, leftover materials enter Domestic garbage crushing screening installation and carry out cracking and sorting process, after process, material is divided three classes: particle diameter less than 50mm screenings, sub-elect plastics, can not broken material, wherein 50mm screenings enter screenings collection system enter subsequent technique;The plastics sub-electing enter plastics baling press;The material that can not crush enters oversize collection system, finally enters landfill yard.The method achieving ironware to separate, plastics separate, and fabric separates, organic and inorganic matter broken.

Description

Domestic garbage crushing method for separating

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of domestic garbage treatment, particularly relate to one way of life refuse breaking method for separating.

Background technology

In domestic garbage comprehensive treatment industry, various broken more with pneumatic separator species, but owing to China's house refuse becomes Dividing complexity, it is special to classify, and causes various equipment treatment effect not good, if any disintegrating machine and separator are directly applied In house refuse, all because of the complexity of component of refuse, structural destruction can be produced to equipment.Asking faced by some are common Topic limits the development of domestic garbage comprehensive treatment industry, as existed: in (1) oversize, bulk plastic manually sorts, little Block plastics are with regard to directly filling;(2) material is fluffy takies larger space for landfill;(3) plastics that selection by winnowing goes out are not clean;(4) Leachate site is difficult, pollutes the problems such as environment.

It is to enter material by grab bucket feeding, entrance sorting platform people mostly that current domestic garbage comprehensive processes pre-treating technology Work picks out the too big material of size, enters back into rotary screen screening, and screenings is directly entered subsequent fermentation precipitation, and oversize is straight Tap into row landfill.It is big to there is amount of landfill in such technique, the shortcoming of the wasting of resources of recoverable.

Content of the invention

Based on the problem existing for above-mentioned prior art, the present invention provides one way of life refuse breaking method for separating, can be to life Rubbish realizes that ironware separates, and plastics separate, and fabric separates, organic and inorganic matter broken, reduces the amount of landfill of rubbish, increases Add the resource of recoverable.

For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention provides one way of life refuse breaking method for separating, comprises the following steps:

House refuse metering weigh laggard enter rubbish gather materials hole, hydraulic grab is delivered to apron feeder, house refuse is passed through again Chain scraper conveyor enters rotary screen, screens out super large piece article, and the oversize of rotary screen enters oversize collection system: logical Crossing manual sorting's platform and after magnetic separation selects regenerant, residue house refuse send landfill yard to fill;

The screenings of rotary screen is through magnetic separation, and after selecting metal, leftover materials enter Domestic garbage crushing screening installation and crush Sorting discharging, the material after cracking and sorting is processed is divided three classes: particle diameter is less than the screenings of 50mm, plastics sub-electing, no The material that can crush, wherein 50mm screenings enters screenings collection system and enters subsequent technique;The plastics sub-electing enter and mould Material baling press;The material that can not crush enters oversize collection system, finally enters landfill yard.

The invention have the benefit that by manual sorting's platform, magnetic separation, rotary screen and Domestic garbage crushing screening installation Coordinating, achieving ironware during house refuse separate processing, plastics separate, and fabric separates, organic and inorganic matter broken Broken.

Brief description

In order to be illustrated more clearly that the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, in describing embodiment below, required use is attached Figure is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawing in describing below is only some embodiments of the present invention, for ability From the point of view of the those of ordinary skill in territory, on the premise of not paying creative work, can also be obtained other according to these accompanying drawings attached Figure.

The Domestic garbage crushing method for separating flow chart that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;

The Domestic garbage crushing screening installation schematic diagram that Fig. 2 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;

The Domestic garbage crushing screening installation schematic side view that Fig. 3 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;

The Domestic garbage crushing screening installation schematic top plan view that Fig. 4 provides for the embodiment of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

Below the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only It is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on embodiments of the invention, ordinary skill The every other embodiment that personnel are obtained under the premise of not making creative work, broadly falls into protection scope of the present invention.

Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.

As it is shown in figure 1, the Domestic garbage crushing method for separating that the embodiment of the present invention provides, comprise the following steps:

House refuse metering weigh laggard enter rubbish gather materials hole, hydraulic grab is delivered to apron feeder, house refuse is passed through again Chain scraper conveyor enters rotary screen, screens out super large piece article, and the oversize of rotary screen enters oversize collection system: logical Crossing manual sorting's platform and after magnetic separation selects regenerant, residue house refuse send landfill yard to fill;

The screenings of rotary screen reclaims after metal through the second magnetic separation, and leftover materials enter described Domestic garbage crushing screening installation and enter Row cracking and sorting process, the material after cracking and sorting is processed is divided three classes: the screenings less than 50mm for the particle diameter, moulding of sub-electing Material, the material that can not crush, wherein 50mm screenings enters screenings collection system and enters subsequent technique;The plastics sub-electing Enter plastics baling press;The material that can not crush enters oversize collection system, finally enters landfill yard.

In said method, super large piece article is the article more than 250 × 250cm for the size.The regenerant selected be metal and/or Plastics;The material that can not crush is for such as fabric.

Said method also includes: the material of the broken discharging opening output of Domestic garbage crushing screening installation is defeated through broken material conveyer Send;The plastic warp plastic conveyor conveying of the plastics discharging opening output of Domestic garbage crushing screening installation;Domestic garbage crushing divides The aniseed of the aniseed discharging opening output of optional equipment carries through big material conveyer.

The Domestic garbage crushing method for separating of the present invention designs for common problem in industry, by the method simultaneously Achieving ironware to separate, plastics separate, and fabric separates, organic and inorganic matter broken.Technological parameter is as follows:

Production capacity: 30t/h;

Separating plastic compares: 4.5%;

Broken ratio: 65%;

With regard to current the sector situation analysis, oversize (landfill part) accounts for total garbage disposal total amount 40%, wherein plastic content Probably accounting for 15% through measurement, the 30% of wherein plastics total amount can be sorted out and recycle by Cull eliminator of home scrap, right Wherein the material of 65% carries out broken entrance postorder zymotechnique, current amount of landfill can be reduced nearly 70%.

Can be realized the Integral-crushing separation treatment process of the house refuse of said method by following equipment:

Title Quantity Power Elevating hopper 1 Apron conveyor 1 11 Chain belt machine 1 15 Rotary screen 1 15x2 Oversize collects belt feeder 1 4 Screenings collects belt feeder 1 4 Separator feed belt machine 1 5.5 Household garbage sorting equipment 1 132 Plastic collection belt feeder one 1 4 Plastic collection belt feeder two 1 4 Belt feeder collected by separator fines 1 11 Belt feeder collected by separator aniseed 1 3 Belt feeder one transported by aniseed 1 7.5 Belt feeder two transported by aniseed 1 3

In said method, as shown in Figures 2 to 4, this equipment includes the Domestic garbage crushing screening installation of employing:

The casing 1 being located on base 4, this casing 1 top is provided with charging aperture 7 and plastics discharging opening 9, and bottom is provided with broken discharging Mouth 6, side lower part is provided with aniseed discharging opening 8;

Rotor 2, is located in casing 1, is connected with being located at driving means on base 4, is driven can be turned in casing 1 by driving means Dynamic;

Grate plate, is arc plate structure, is located in casing 1 at bottom distance rotor exterior ring 20mm, concrete, grate plate be in away from On the circular arc of rotor exterior ring 20mm.

In the said equipment, rotor 2 is helicoidal structure, the rotor of this structure can in casing High Rotation Speed in the shape of a spiral, While broken material, light plastic is thrown up the plastics discharging opening 9 at casing top to get rid of.

In the said equipment, grate plate is the semi arch plate of diameter 100mm.

In the said equipment, belt wheel 3 that the 5th, driving means is located in the rotating shaft of rotor 2 by motor and be connected to motor 5 belt wheel 3 it Between transmission band composition.

The said equipment also includes: broken material conveyer, is connected with the broken discharging opening 6 of casing;Plastic conveyor, with casing Plastics discharging opening 9 connect;Big material conveyer, is connected with the aniseed discharging opening 8 of casing.

When above-mentioned Domestic garbage crushing screening installation uses, by ribbon conveyer, house refuse feeding sorting consumer waste is set In standby casing, the material after being separated by three ribbon conveyers after this equipment is processed is transported at different place Reason.

This Domestic garbage crushing screening installation, is capable of separating plastic while broken material, reaches to crush and separates Effect, this equipment has very high broken ratio, and the broken material scope adapting to is wide, and in oversize, the material of 90% can Crushed by it, and, this device structure is simple, and build is compact, and operation maintenance is easily.In addition, its product cut size little and Uniformly, pulverizing is crossed few;The plastics that this equipment is separated are clean, owing to casing internal rotor rotating speed is high, make plastics in casing Reach the effect of dry-cleaning.Unit disposal ability 30t/h, separating plastic rate more than 80%, ton garbage disposal power consumption less than 2.5~ 3 KWhs/ton.This equipment material size maximum can reach 600mm, discharging-material size adjustable, can change different hole according to process requirements The grate plate in footpath realizes.

The above, the only present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and appoints How those familiar with the art is in the technical scope of present disclosure, the change that can readily occur in or replacement, all Should cover within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be with the protection domain of claims It is as the criterion.

Claims (8)

1. one way of life refuse breaking method for separating, it is characterised in that include:
House refuse metering weigh laggard enter rubbish gather materials hole, hydraulic grab is delivered to apron feeder, house refuse is passed through again Chain scraper conveyor enters rotary screen, screens out super large piece article, and the oversize of rotary screen enters oversize collection system: logical Crossing manual sorting's platform and after magnetic separation selects regenerant, residue house refuse send landfill yard to fill;
The screenings of rotary screen reclaims after metal through the second magnetic separation, and leftover materials enter Domestic garbage crushing screening installation and break Broken sorting process, the material after cracking and sorting is processed is divided three classes: particle diameter less than the screenings of 50mm, the plastics sub-electing, The material that can not crush, wherein 50mm screenings enters screenings collection system and enters subsequent technique;The plastics sub-electing enter Plastics baling press;The material that can not crush enters oversize collection system, finally enters landfill yard;
Described Domestic garbage crushing screening installation includes: the casing being located on base, and this casing top is provided with charging aperture and plastics Discharging opening, bottom is provided with broken discharging opening, and side lower part is provided with aniseed discharging opening;Rotor, is located in described casing, and is located at Driving means on described base connects, and is driven can be rotated in described casing by driving means;Grate plate, is arc plate structure, In being located at casing, bottom is at rotor exterior ring 20mm.
2. Domestic garbage crushing method for separating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described super large piece article is chi The very little article more than 250 × 250cm.
3. Domestic garbage crushing method for separating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the described regenerant selected is Metal and/or plastics;
The described material that can not crush is fabric.
4. Domestic garbage crushing method for separating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described rotor is helical form knot Structure.
5. Domestic garbage crushing method for separating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described grate plate is diameter 100mm Semi arch plate.
6. Domestic garbage crushing method for separating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described driving means by motor, It is located at the belt wheel in the rotating shaft of described rotor and the transmission band composition being connected between described motor and described belt wheel.
7. Domestic garbage crushing method for separating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include: broken material carries Machine, is connected with the broken discharging opening of described casing;Plastic conveyor, is connected with the plastics discharging opening of described casing;Aniseed is defeated Send machine, be connected with the aniseed discharging opening of described casing.
8. Domestic garbage crushing method for separating according to claim 7, it is characterised in that described method also includes: institute The material of the broken discharging opening output stating Domestic garbage crushing screening installation carries through broken material conveyer;
The plastic warp plastic conveyor conveying of the plastics discharging opening output of described Domestic garbage crushing screening installation;
The aniseed of the aniseed discharging opening output of described Domestic garbage crushing screening installation carries through big material conveyer.
CN201510003888.9A 2015-01-05 2015-01-05 Domestic garbage crushing method for separating CN104690063B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104690063B true CN104690063B (en) 2016-10-05

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106466672A (en) * 2015-08-14 2017-03-01 天津格罗普斯新能源科技有限公司 A kind of urban and rural domestic refuse handling process
CN106440730A (en) * 2015-08-29 2017-02-22 重庆安尚园农业科技发展有限公司 Constant temperature-type sorting drying machine
CN108273828B (en) * 2018-01-18 2020-06-16 北京建筑大学 Comprehensive sorting system for municipal domestic waste
CN108355835A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-08-03 河南理工大学 A kind of integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage
CN109675912A (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-04-26 北京理工水环境科学研究院有限公司 City landfill waste recycling treatment process

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JP2933302B2 (en) * 1994-04-15 1999-08-09 トウフク株式会社 General waste treatment system
CN2438522Y (en) * 2000-08-18 2001-07-11 韦显彪 City house refuse treating machine
CN1178757C (en) * 2002-10-11 2004-12-08 韩洪波 Fast and economic comprehensive city domestic refuse treating method
CN1935400B (en) * 2006-10-12 2010-09-15 惠州市三峰环保设备科技有限公司 Municipal living refuse comprehensive treatment method
EP1992425B1 (en) * 2007-05-18 2011-03-09 Kügler, Jost-Ulrich, Dipl.-Ing. Method for recycling waste containing plastic materials
CN101259479A (en) * 2008-04-18 2008-09-10 北京恒业村科技有限公司 Consumer waste reutilization method
CN101612630B (en) * 2009-06-24 2010-09-08 北京国宗元投资有限公司 Harmless and recycling real-time treatment method and system for household garbage
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CN103084380B (en) * 2013-02-01 2015-04-15 青岛胶南绿茵环保科技有限公司 Municipal solid waste processing system and processing method
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