CN202741220U - Household garbage bag breaking and roughing machine - Google Patents

Household garbage bag breaking and roughing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202741220U
CN202741220U CN 201220350655 CN201220350655U CN202741220U CN 202741220 U CN202741220 U CN 202741220U CN 201220350655 CN201220350655 CN 201220350655 CN 201220350655 U CN201220350655 U CN 201220350655U CN 202741220 U CN202741220 U CN 202741220U
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China
Prior art keywords
garbage bag
gong
household garbage
cylinder
roller
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CN 201220350655
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Chinese (zh)
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刘志孟
刘子光
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Hebei glory environmental protection equipment manufacturing Co., Ltd.
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刘志孟
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Priority to CN 201220350655 priority Critical patent/CN202741220U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a household garbage bag breaking and roughing machine, comprising a steel structural body, wherein a feeding hole is arranged above the steel structural body, one side of the steel structural body is provided with a discharge hole, a roller is arranged below the feeding hole, the roller is provided with spiral cutter teeth, a roller cover is arranged above the roller, a gong base is arranged below the roller, the roller is provided with a bearing at the axis, the bearing is connected with a motor arranged at one side of the steel structural body by virtue of a belt, and a hopper is arranged below the gong base. The household garbage bag breaking and roughing machine adopting the structure can effectively carry out bag breaking and screening on household garbage, unrecyclable substances and recyclable plastics in the household garbage can be separated, and plastic recycling rate of a household garbage processing system can be increased.

Description

The Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier
Technical field
The utility model relates to the garbage reclamation processing technology field, especially relates to one way of life garbage bag breaking coarse classifier.
Background technology
At present, according to incompletely statistics, the rubbish of China is stored up appropriation of land and is surpassed about 750,000 mu, and annual economic loss is up to several hundred million units.As by making for each person every year 440 kilograms of calculating of rubbish, domestic waste is annual above 200,000,000 tons.Existing trash processing way comprise landwards jettison, to river ocean dumping, landfill, compost, incineration and recycling etc.
Current, most of garbage disposal accounts for more than 70% of whole treating capacities take landfill as main.The method is adopted in most garbage disposals of world's majority state, particularly undeveloped country.Be characterized in: construction and operating cost are lower, simple to operate, and treating capacity is large.But also exist a lot of drawbacks: the one, take a large amount of soils, the addressing difficulty, and the expense of dialling height is levied in the soil; The 2nd, waste a large amount of rubbish and include resource, artificially rubbish is turned to " resource that can not increase, the immense amount of treasure of throwing away ", do not reach the recycling treatment demand; The 3rd, environmental pollution is serious, mostly do not reach the requirement of sanitary landfills because of existing landfill yard construction, bacterium thing in the rubbish constantly oozes drop downwards, soil and water quality have been polluted, and along with the increase of accumulating amount and the continuity of time, pollute to periphery and underground deep layer diffusion, left troubles to thousand, poison, odour that rubbish distributes are dispersed towards periphery, form aerial, peripheral, underground stereo pollution.Although, many developed countries and some more flourishing urban construction of China minority " sanitary filling field ", reduced some and polluted, the problem of environmental pollution that causes owing to technical imperfection is still a lot, can not tackle the problem at its root.
Composting process is exactly with the rubbish after the sorting by fermentation and biochemical treatment, makes compoiste fertilizer or " many strain bios are fertile ".The main drawback of this method: the one, the compost treatment ability is less, can not satisfy increasing garbage disposal requirement; The 2nd, floor space is large, the waste liquor contamination surrounding enviroment that rubbish oozes out in processing procedure; The 3rd, the product scope of application is subject to certain limitation, and economic benefit is not good, can cause Heavy metal pollution of soil and rubbish, scorification, sand simultaneously, can not adapt to new agricultural production rhythm and custom, and composting technology is difficult to obtain spread.
The burning disposal method is a kind of technology that municipal refuse is carried out the high temeperature chemistry processing, and through burning disposal, the bacterium in the rubbish, virus can thoroughly be eliminated, and various foul gas obtain pyrolytic, the treated rear discharging up to standard of the pernicious gas in the flue gas.Burning method is to realize at present one of the most effective means of garbage harmless, minimizing and recycling treatment.The advantage of burning method: take up an area few; Subtract appearance, decrement successful, volume, weight can taper to respectively original 8%~12% and 25%~40%; Burning is thorough, rapid to garbage disposal, and residue secondary pollution danger is less; The heat generating that utilizes incineration firing to produce, residue can be done the building materials utilization.But facts have proved that its drawback is also more obvious: the one, investment is large, and operating cost is high; The 2nd, the calorific value that burns rubbish has certain requirement, must mix combustion-supporting fuel; The 3rd, the waste gas pollution control and treatment difficulty of burning is large, and expense is high, deals with improperly, and the dioxin that produces of burning away the refuse is with serious environment pollution.
Get the paces quickening along with industrialization drives urbanization, rubbish increases sharply, in case the problem of " garbage-surrounded city " occurs, will make the city paralysis, causes social crisis, and waste control has become irreversible worldwide trend.Above-mentioned several treating method for urban garbage although solved the processing problem of some rubbish, all exists certain drawback, from, minimizing innoxious to the rubbish implementation, recycling treatment, turn harm into good, comprehensive utilization also has a certain distance, does not all thoroughly solve the harm that house refuse is brought.Current garbage reclamation treatment process mainly contains following three kinds:
1, directly rubbish is carried out artificial primary election, screen again and artificial separation;
2, first rubbish is carried out broken bag and process, screen again and artificial separation;
3, first broken bag is processed, and broken bag is processed and simultaneously the bulk materials in the house refuse carried out selective crushing and sorting, sieves and artificial separation again.
The municipal refuse of China mixes packed collection take domestic garbage as main, and water content height, complicated component, structural change are large, inhomogeneous, and wherein recyclable composition is maximum with plastic content.External city domestic refuse plastic method for separating has the several different methods such as light choosing, electric separation, pneumatic separating, density separation, water conservancy cyclone sorting, flotation.Light selects important sorting for block plastics, slice plastic and the black plastic of unsuitable graded shot plastics and thin thickness; Water conservancy cyclone sorting and flotation all belong to the wet separation method; Electric separation is too high to humidity and the granularity requirements of sorting material, and structure is complicated; The pneumatic separating rate is too low.China starts late for the separating plastic technology in the domestic waste, and the conventional garbage treatment facility generally has following shortcoming:
1, refuse classification classification purity, accuracy are low.Because the rubbish of China is to mix packed collection, prior art does not reach requirement to various refuse classifications, cause most of recycling resource to be sent to next procedure, the refuse classification that affects also is the greatest problem that mainly causes sorted recycling resource residual buildup, sales difficulty.
2, the various complexity of equipment operation, cost are high, production efficiency is low.Because scientific and technical content is limited, cause complex treatment process, number of devices is many, cost is too high, production efficiency does not catch up with.
3, the recycling resource yields poorly.Because prior art equipment refuse classification technology is low, cause most of refuse plastic resource loss during equipment work, the separating plastic of 70-80% not out, plastic reclaimed granulation output just reaches 10-15%, causes simultaneously plastic granulating finished product impurity to affect too much the later stage and sells.
And, because treatment facility can not effectively be classified rubbish, cause under the part pollution sources landfill, cause certain water quality and soil pollution.According to statistics, nearly 1,000,000 tons of the annual waste or used plastics that produces of China, account for 70% of plastics output, and because the defective of existing recovery and processing system design, the plastics recovery rate only reaches 10%-15%, the waste or used plastics generation is so big and the rate of recovery is so low, brings great waste to social resources.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides one way of life garbage bag breaking coarse classifier, can be effectively carry out the broken bag screening to house refuse, and wherein not recyclable materials is separated with recyclable plastics, improves the plastics recovery rate in the domestic garbage treating system.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides one way of life garbage bag breaking coarse classifier, comprise steel structure body, described steel structure body top is provided with charging aperture, described steel structure body one side is provided with discharging opening, described charging aperture below is provided with cylinder, described cylinder is provided with spiral cutter teeth, described cylinder top is provided with barrel cover, described cylinder below is provided with at the bottom of the gong, the place, axle center of described cylinder is provided with bearing, and described bearing links to each other with the motor that is provided with described steel structure body one side by belt, and the side is provided with funnel under the described gong.
Preferably, the mesh at the bottom of the gong of described Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier is rectangle.
Preferably, the width of the latter half mesh at the bottom of the gong of described Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier is not more than the width of its first half mesh.
Therefore, the utility model adopts the Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier of said structure, can effectively carry out the broken bag screening to house refuse, and wherein not recyclable materials is separated with recyclable plastics, improves the plastics recovery rate in the domestic garbage treating system.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the cylinder among the utility model Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation at the bottom of the gong among the embodiment of the utility model Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier;
Fig. 4 is the plan structure schematic diagram at the bottom of the gong among the utility model Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier embodiment.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, the Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier comprises steel structure body 1, steel structure body 1 top is provided with charging aperture 2, steel structure body 1 one sides are provided with discharging opening 3, charging aperture 3 belows are provided with cylinder 4, cylinder 4 is provided with spiral cutter teeth 5, cylinder 4 tops are provided with barrel cover 6, cylinder 4 belows are provided with at the bottom of the gong 7, the place, axle center of cylinder 4 is provided with bearing 8, and bearing 8 links to each other with the motor 9 that is provided with steel structure body 1 one sides by belt, and 7 belows are provided with funnel 10 at the bottom of the gong.When equipment is in running order, motor 9 drives cylinder and rotates, under the effect of the conveyer of pending rubbish in a whole set of domestic garbage treating system from the charging aperture 2 Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier of entering, pending rubbish drops on the cylinder 4 of High Rotation Speed, contact with spiral cutter teeth 5, fragment of brick, stone or woodwork etc. by plastics or other material packaging bags parcel are cut open by spiral cutter teeth, spiral cutter teeth 5 adopts strand chi cutter broken bag, the broken bag rate can reach the structural representation that 100%, Fig. 2 is the utility model Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier embodiment intermediate roll.The rubbish such as fragment of brick, stone or woodwork see through at the bottom of the gong funnel 10 that 7 mesh and below thereof be provided with and fall on the conveyer, and the picking platform that is transported in a whole set of domestic garbage treating system by conveyer carries out manual screening.7 mesh is rectangle at the bottom of the gong of Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier, and Fig. 3 is the structural representation at the bottom of the gong among the utility model Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier embodiment.Mesh at the bottom of the tradition gong is circular, when cylinder 4 during at High Rotation Speed, the a little bigger a little plastics package of volume just gets lodged on the mesh easily, form the blind area, cause the rubbish such as fragment of brick, stone or woodwork to fall into funnel 10 by mesh, affect the plastics recovery rate, and the rectangle mesh can satisfactorily resolve this problem, eliminate the garbage disposal blind area, improve the plastics recovery rate.The width of the latter half mesh of 7 is not more than the width of its first half mesh at the bottom of the gong of Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier, Fig. 4 is the plan structure schematic diagram at the bottom of the gong among the utility model Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier embodiment, by the design to 7 different mesh widths at the bottom of the gong, to the refuse classification of Different Weight, volume near the mesh of different in width conveniently to spill, improve the recovery utilization rate of plastic products.
In addition, the equal capable of regulating of the upper-lower position of present embodiment intermediate roll, avoid because of at the bottom of the gong and cutter tooth cause along with wearing and tearing appear in the long-term use of equipment that spacing increases the plastics recovery efficient situation on the low side that occurs between the two.
Therefore, the utility model adopts the Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier of said structure, can effectively carry out the broken bag screening to house refuse, and wherein not recyclable materials is separated with recyclable plastics, improves the plastics recovery rate in the domestic garbage treating system.
It should be noted that at last: above embodiment is only in order to the technical solution of the utility model to be described but not limit it, although with reference to preferred embodiment the utility model is had been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be made amendment or be equal to replacement the technical solution of the utility model, and these modifications or be equal to replacement and also can not make amended technical scheme break away from the spirit and scope of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (3)

1. one way of life garbage bag breaking coarse classifier, it is characterized in that: comprise steel structure body, described steel structure body top is provided with charging aperture, and described steel structure body one side is provided with discharging opening, and described charging aperture below is provided with cylinder, described cylinder is provided with spiral cutter teeth, described cylinder top is provided with barrel cover, and described cylinder below is provided with at the bottom of the gong, and the place, axle center of described cylinder is provided with bearing, described bearing links to each other with the motor that is provided with described steel structure body one side by belt, and the side is provided with funnel under the described gong.
2. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the mesh at the bottom of the gong of described Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier is rectangle.
3. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the width of the latter half mesh at the bottom of the gong of described Domestic garbage bag-breaking coarse classifier is not more than the width of its first half mesh.
CN 201220350655 2012-07-10 2012-07-10 Household garbage bag breaking and roughing machine Active CN202741220U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220350655 CN202741220U (en) 2012-07-10 2012-07-10 Household garbage bag breaking and roughing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220350655 CN202741220U (en) 2012-07-10 2012-07-10 Household garbage bag breaking and roughing machine

Publications (1)

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CN202741220U true CN202741220U (en) 2013-02-20

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103434045A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-12-11 江苏美星大地环保科技有限公司 Drum-type film bag opening machine
CN103551228A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-02-05 郑维浩 Coarse material dryer and method for breaking bags and separating garbage by utilizing coarse material dryer
CN103706618A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-09 郑顺潮 Domestic garbage treatment system and method for treating domestic garbage by same

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103434045A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-12-11 江苏美星大地环保科技有限公司 Drum-type film bag opening machine
CN103434045B (en) * 2013-08-22 2015-12-23 江苏星A包装机械集团有限公司 Drum-type film bale opener
CN103551228A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-02-05 郑维浩 Coarse material dryer and method for breaking bags and separating garbage by utilizing coarse material dryer
CN103551228B (en) * 2013-11-15 2016-08-24 西安德兆环保科技有限公司 A kind of coarse fodder dry cleaner and utilize it to carry out the method that broken bag separates with rubbish
CN103706618A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-09 郑顺潮 Domestic garbage treatment system and method for treating domestic garbage by same
CN103706618B (en) * 2013-12-23 2018-11-23 郑顺潮 Domestic garbage treating system and the method that house refuse is handled using it

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170622

Address after: 071100 Liu village, Yang Town, Qingyuan District, Hebei, Baoding

Patentee after: Hebei glory environmental protection equipment manufacturing Co., Ltd.

Address before: 071000, Baoding City, Hebei province Qingyuan County town of Liu Yang Industrial Zone command

Patentee before: Liu Zhimeng