CN103706618A - Domestic garbage treatment system and method for treating domestic garbage by same - Google Patents

Domestic garbage treatment system and method for treating domestic garbage by same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103706618A
CN103706618A CN201310731164.7A CN201310731164A CN103706618A CN 103706618 A CN103706618 A CN 103706618A CN 201310731164 A CN201310731164 A CN 201310731164A CN 103706618 A CN103706618 A CN 103706618A
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cylinder
sorting
winnowing
house refuse
domestic garbage
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CN201310731164.7A
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CN103706618B (en
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郑顺潮
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郑顺潮
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Abstract

The invention discloses a domestic garbage treatment system and a method for treating domestic garbage by the same. The domestic garbage treatment system comprises a feeding system, a large garbage separation system, a bag breaking system, a grading screening system, a winnowing machine, a plastic vacuum forming machinery, a roller sieve system, a plastic deep processing system, a domestic garbage hydrolysis system, a sewage recycling system and a purifying tower, wherein the screening system is connected with the roller sieve system and the winnowing machine, the winnowing machine and the roller sieve system are connected with the plastic deep processing system, the roller sieve system is communicated with the domestic garbage hydrolysis system, the bottom end of the domestic garbage hydrolysis system, a spray explosion chamber and the purifying tower are sequentially communicated with one another, the domestic garbage hydrolysis system is connected with the sewage recycling system, and the plastic deep processing system comprises a coarse material dry-cleaning machine, a fine material dry-cleaning machine and a collection box, which are sequentially connected with one another. The domestic garbage treatment system is simple in structure, has labor-saving and energy-saving effects, is low in cost, is capable of further processing classified domestic garbage, and facilitates recycling of domestic garbage materials.

Description

Domestic garbage treating system and the method for utilizing it to process house refuse
Technical field
The device that the present invention relates to use in refuse disposal system, particularly relates to one way of life refuse disposal system.
The invention still further relates to the method for utilizing above-mentioned domestic garbage treating system to process house refuse.
Background technology
Existing life refuse processing method is mainly landfill method, composting process and burning method.Wherein garbage loading embeading method is harmless in theory, but but has in practice hidden danger, and the bad meeting of doing as antiseepage causes underground water pollution, and the biogas throughout the year producing, as do not discharged, just has the danger of blast etc.And house refuse material is not used as resource utilization, it is a kind of waste of resource.Consumer garbage compost method is a kind of resource reutilization mode, through sorting resource, reclaim the object that has reached the utilization of resources early stage, still as the organic waste of content maximum, use the mode of compost, the fertilizer producing is difficult to guarantee harmless, produces the not thorough of reason or sorting.And last consumer waste incineration method power consumption is larger, major part can utilize material to be burnt, and is a kind of waste of resource, and burnt gas may cause secondary environmental pollution, generally goes out of use and does not re-use.
Summary of the invention
The present invention completes in order to solve deficiency of the prior art, the object of this invention is to provide simple in structure, save labour, cost low, can be further sorted house refuse be carried out deep processing, effectively saves the energy, is facilitated the recovery of useful house refuse material, make full use of the domestic garbage treating system of resource.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, comprise the feeding system for delivery of house refuse material, large part separation system, bag breaking system, gradation sizing system, winnowing machine, Packing Machine, rotary screen system, plastics deep-processing system, house refuse hydrolysis system, sewage recorery treatment system and purifying column, described feeding system is connected with large part separation system, between described large separation system and described bag breaking system, between described bag-breaking machine and described gradation sizing system, between described gradation sizing system and described Packing Machine, all by conveying device, be connected, described gradation sizing system is connected with described winnowing machine with described rotary screen system respectively, described Packing Machine is arranged at the junction that described rotary screen system is connected by conveying device with described winnowing machine, described winnowing machine is all connected with plastics deep-processing system with described rotary screen system, described rotary screen system is communicated with house refuse hydrolysis system, described house refuse hydrolysis system bottom is communicated with spray shot room, described spray shot room is communicated with described purifying column, described house refuse hydrolysis system is connected with sewage recorery treatment system, described plastics deep-processing system comprises the coarse fodder dry cleaner connecting successively, fines dry cleaner and collecting box.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, due to the feeding system comprising for delivery of house refuse material, large part separation system, bag breaking system, gradation sizing system, winnowing machine, Packing Machine, rotary screen system, plastics deep-processing system, house refuse hydrolysis system, sewage recorery treatment system and purifying column, described feeding system is connected with large part separation system, between described large separation system and described bag breaking system, between described bag-breaking machine and described gradation sizing system, between described gradation sizing system and described Packing Machine, all by conveying device, be connected, described gradation sizing system is connected with described winnowing machine with described rotary screen system respectively, described Packing Machine is arranged at the junction that described rotary screen system is connected by conveying device with described winnowing machine, described winnowing machine is all connected with plastics deep-processing system with described rotary screen system, described rotary screen system is communicated with house refuse hydrolysis system, described house refuse hydrolysis system bottom is communicated with spray shot room, described spray shot room is communicated with described purifying column, described house refuse hydrolysis system is connected with sewage recorery treatment system, described plastics deep-processing system comprises the coarse fodder dry cleaner connecting successively, fines dry cleaner and collecting box.While using it to process house refuse material, garbage truck is transported to house refuse outside domestic garbage treating system, house refuse by discharging to feeding system, feeding system will be delivered to large part separation system on the house refuse material of one-tenth bag, large part separation system first carries out sorting to being delivered to the house refuse material at its place, large part and smallclothes are sorted out, large part chooses out the separation of classifying, and smallclothes house refuse material enters broken bag in bag breaking system, what the polybag in these house refuse materials can be abolished abolishes, separation that can be separated, the house refuse material of polybag bonding is all knocked out, then these smallclothes house refuse mixtures of materials that fall are transported to the screening of gradation sizing system internal classification, make material heavier in house refuse material as magnetic separation scum, brick tile fragment and dregs etc. are discharged from gradation sizing system is anterior, the low weight house refuse material of weight is discharged from gradation sizing system rear portion, and weight low weight but not being sized the house refuse material falling is transported to and in winnowing machine, carries out selection by winnowing, winnowing machine again sub-elects lighter and heavier material according to weight by the lighter house refuse material of sorting in a upper operation and separately discharges outside winnowing machine.The lighter rubbish material that sieves out from gradation sizing system rear portion is transferred device and is delivered to rotary screen system and again sieves, these lighter materials passed through Su Su and plastic uptake before screening, all plastic products are sucked to the inner also discharge of Packing Machine, then the house refuse material after plastic uptake is processed enters screening again in rotary screen system, screening out heavier upper tank organic matter is delivered to house refuse hydrolysis system by conveying device and is hydrolyzed, and rotary screen system is sieved out plastics and the winnowing machine selection by winnowing plastics materials out that lighter plastics and Packing Machine suck and discharge and is together entered follow-up plastics deep processing operation, and after house refuse hydrolysis system is hydrolyzed to upper tank organic materials, waste water drains into recycling in sewage recorery treatment system, waste gas in house refuse hydrolysis system sprays quick-fried to spraying in shot room, after purifying by purifying column, drain into the external world, the hydrolysis residue that house refuse hydrolysis system is discharged is delivered to fertilizer producing system and manufactures fertilizer.And the method for operation in plastics deep-processing system is: Plastic rubbish enters coarse fodder dry cleaner by conveying device and carries out coarse fodder dry-cleaning, then further the refuse classification of Plastic is out delivered in collecting box and is collected afterwards in entering fines dry cleaner.So far, house refuse material is disposed, to house refuse Classification of materials and to useful material, recycle, whole process is almost to complete in complete mechanical equipment, pipelining, and reclaim available material, meet the requirement that national energy-saving reduces discharging, and domestic rubbish disposal is convenient, treatment effeciency is high.
Another object of the present invention be to provide utilize said structure simple, save the method that labour, cost are low, can be further sorted house refuse is carried out deep processing, effectively saved the energy, facilitates the domestic garbage treating system of the recovery of useful house refuse material to process house refuse, the method can complete the processing of house refuse, treatment effeciency is high, processing is complete, and whole process is complete or major part is completed by machine, safe and reliable and cost is low, the useful rubbish of classification is recycled and composting simultaneously, meet energy-saving and emission-reduction requirement.
The method of utilizing above-mentioned domestic garbage treating system to process house refuse of the present invention: comprise the following steps: comprise the following steps:
A. the house refuse of needs being processed is unloaded to feeding system, and feeding system is upwards delivered to large part separation system by need house refuse material to be processed;
B. house refuse material sorting in large part separation system, ticks by large part the separation of classifying, and smallclothes material enters in bag breaking system the polybag in this rubbish material can be abolished, and the rubbish material in polybag is knocked out;
In C.B step, after broken bag, plastics are separated with the rubbish material being bonded on plastics, both mixtures enter the screening of gradation sizing system internal classification, heavier material is discharged from gradation sizing system is anterior, what weight was low weight discharges from gradation sizing system rear portion, material on the screen cloth of gradation sizing system enters winnowing machine, and be transferred device by the lighter material after the screening of gradation sizing least significant end, be sent to rotary screen system and again sieve;
The lighter rubbish material that sieves out in gradation sizing system in D.C step is entering before the screening of rotary screen system, front through Packing Machine, Packing Machine is pumped into the plastics in these rubbish materials in Packing Machine, then the material after plastic uptake enters heavier upper tank organic materials that rotary screen system sieves out and by conveying device, is delivered to house refuse hydrolysis system and is hydrolyzed, the low weight plastics that rotary screen system sieves out together enter follow-up plastics deep processing program with the plastics materials that sucks from Packing Machine and discharge and from winnowing machine selection by winnowing plastics out,
In E.D step, house refuse hydrolysis system is hydrolyzed after solid ammonia react to upper tank organic materials, waste water drains into recycling in sewage recorery treatment system, waste gas in house refuse hydrolysis system sprays quick-fried to spraying in shot room, after purifying by purifying column, drain into the external world, the hydrolysis residue that house refuse hydrolysis system is discharged is delivered to fertilizer producing system and manufactures fertilizer again;
In F.D step, plastics deep processing operation is that Plastic rubbish enters coarse fodder dry cleaner by conveying device and carries out coarse fodder dry-cleaning, then in entering fines dry cleaner, further the refuse classification of Plastic is out delivered in collecting box and is collected afterwards.
The method of utilizing above-mentioned domestic garbage treating system to process house refuse material of the present invention, owing to adopting above-mentioned steps, advantage with respect to prior art is the processing that can complete house refuse, treatment effeciency is high, processing is complete, and whole process is complete or major part is completed by machine, safe and reliable and cost is low, the useful rubbish of classification recycle to also composting simultaneously, meet energy-conservation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 domestic garbage treating system embodiment of the present invention schematic diagram.
The house refuse hydrolytic decomposition pot schematic internal view of Fig. 2 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 domestic garbage treating system house refuse of the present invention hydrolytic decomposition pot embodiment top view.
Fig. 4 domestic garbage treating system house refuse of the present invention hydrolytic decomposition pot embodiment tank wall cutaway view.
Fig. 5 domestic garbage treating system house refuse of the present invention hydrolytic decomposition pot band sealing device scheme of installation.
Fig. 6 domestic garbage treating system house refuse of the present invention hydrolytic decomposition pot band sealing device side view.
The coarse fodder dry cleaner schematic diagram of Fig. 7 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
The front schematic view of the bag-breaking machine of Fig. 8 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
The side schematic view of the bag-breaking machine of Fig. 9 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
The rotary screen schematic diagram with counterflow unit of Figure 10 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
The large part separator housing parts schematic diagram of Figure 11 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
The large part separator side schematic view of Figure 12 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
The winnowing machine schematic diagram of Figure 13 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
The feeder front view of Figure 14 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
The feeder side view of Figure 15 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
The Packing Machine front schematic view of Figure 16 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
Figure 17 domestic garbage treating system Packing Machine of the present invention collecting bin and isolation impeller side schematic diagram.
A portion enlarged drawing in Figure 18 domestic garbage treating system Figure 17 of the present invention.
The fines dry cleaner schematic diagram of Figure 19 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
The fines dry cleaner top view of Figure 20 domestic garbage treating system of the present invention.
Figure number explanation
1 ... house refuse hydrolysis system 2 ... coarse fodder dry cleaner 3 ... bag breaking system
4 ... gradation sizing system 5 ... large part separation system 6 ... winnowing machine
7 ... feeding system 8 ... Packing Machine 9 ... fines dry cleaner
11 ... rotary screen system 12 ... sewage recorery treatment system 13 ... purifying column
14 ... chaff interference radio frequency 15 ... refiner 16 ... artificial separation chamber
17 ... collecting box 18 ... spray shot room 19 ... conveying device
20 ... between skip car 21 ... grab bucket 22 ... fertilizer producing system 23 ... stench processing system
101 ... tank body 102 ... upper cover 103 ... cylindrical shell
104 ... flanged conical head 105 ... shunting centrum 106 ... gas distribution pipe
107 ... gauge manifold 108 ... nozzle for thermometer 109 ... charging is taken over
110 ... safety valve connecting pipe 111 ... steam connection 112 ... draining is taken over
113 ... discharging takes over 114 ... cloth acid takes over 115 ... emptying adapter
116 ... platform 117 ... capping 118 ... hydraulic press
119 ... Hydraulic Station 120 ... hook 121 ... horizontal bridging piece
122 ... turning cylinder 123 ... hanging support 124 ... flange
125 ... gas distribution bracing frame 126 ... acid-proof ceramic tile layer 127 ... clay layer
128 ... heat-insulation layer 201 ... slightly wash support 202 ... slightly wash housing
203 ... slightly wash cylinder 204 ... slightly wash dry-cleaning thorn 205 ... slightly wash charging aperture
206 ... slightly wash discharging opening 207 ... screen cloth 208 ... belt conveyor
301 ... broken bag support 302 ... broken bag housing 303 ... broken bag cylinder
304 ... steel whip 305 ... broken bag charging aperture 306 ... broken bag discharging opening
307 ... broken bag conveying device 308 ... broken bag motor 309 ... broken bag decelerator
310 ... broken bag belt 311 ... broken bag rotating shaft 312 ... broken bag bearing block
401 ... sieve nest 402 ... refluence barrel 403 ... refluence plate
404 ... refluence cylinder heavy burder discharging opening 405 ... refluence cylinder is gently expected discharging opening
406 ... refluence Rolling motor 407 ... refluence reducer drum 408 ... refluence cylinder swash plate
409 ... refluence cylinder level board 410 ... air blast 501 ... sorting support
502 ... separating cylinder 503 ... steel hook 504 ... sorting charging aperture 505 ... sorting motor
506 ... sorting decelerator 507 ... large discharging opening 508 of sorting ... sorting smallclothes discharging opening
509 ... sorting belt 510 ... sorting rotating shaft 511 ... sorting conveyer device 512 ... sorting housing
513 ... sorting bearing block 601 ... selection by winnowing support 602 ... wind-sorting drum 603 ... selection by winnowing is divided feed bin
604 ... deflector 605 ... selection by winnowing the first blower fan 606 ... selection by winnowing the second blower fan
607 ... selection by winnowing heavy burder is collected mouth 608 ... selection by winnowing gently expects to collect mouth 609 ... selection by winnowing motor
610 ... device for transporting objects 611 ... selection by winnowing decelerator 612 ... selection by winnowing charging aperture
701 ... material loading support 702 ... carry charging belt 703 ... material loading driving wheel
704 ... material loading driven pulley 705 ... material loading hopper 706 ... material loading baffle plate
707 ... material loading motor 708 ... material loading decelerator 801 ... plastic uptake collecting bin
802 ... plastic uptake support 803 ... suction pipeline 804 ... plastic uptake material sucking port 805 ... air-suction duct
806 ... plastic uptake blower fan 807 ... close wind discharger 808 ... isolated blade 809 ... cavity
810 ... plastic uptake cylinder wall 811 ... silencer 812 ... plastic uptake discharging opening 813 ... plastic uptake exhaust duct
901 ... carefully wash support 902 ... carefully wash housing 903 ... carefully wash cylinder
904 ... carefully wash dry-cleaning thorn 905 ... carefully wash charging aperture 906 ... carefully wash discharging opening
907 ... carefully wash screen cloth 908 ... carefully wash belt conveyor 909 ... carefully wash fan leaf
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Figure 20 of accompanying drawing to domestic garbage treating system of the present invention and utilize its method that house refuse is processed to be described in further detail.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 20, comprise the feeding system 7 for delivery of house refuse material, large part separation system 5, bag breaking system 3, gradation sizing system 4, winnowing machine 6, Packing Machine 8, rotary screen system 11, plastics deep-processing system, house refuse hydrolysis system, sewage recorery treatment system 12 and purifying column 13, described feeding system 7 is connected with large part separation system 5, between described large separation system 5 and described bag breaking system 3, between described bag-breaking machine and described gradation sizing system 4, between described gradation sizing system 4 and described Packing Machine 8, all by conveying device 19, be connected, described gradation sizing system 4 is connected with described winnowing machine 6 with described rotary screen system 11 respectively, described Packing Machine 8 is arranged at the junction that described rotary screen system 11 is connected by conveying device 19 with described winnowing machine 6, described winnowing machine 6 is all connected with plastics deep-processing system with described rotary screen system 11, described rotary screen system 11 is communicated with house refuse hydrolysis system, described house refuse hydrolysis system bottom is communicated with spray shot room 18, described spray shot room 18 is communicated with described purifying column 13, described house refuse hydrolysis system is connected with sewage recorery treatment system 12, described plastics deep-processing system comprises the coarse fodder dry cleaner 2 connecting successively, fines dry cleaner 9 and collecting box 17.While using it to process house refuse material, garbage truck is transported to house refuse outside domestic garbage treating system, house refuse by discharging to feeding system 7, feeding system 7 will be delivered to large part separation system 5 on the house refuse material of one-tenth bag, the house refuse material that large 5 pairs of part separation systems are delivered to its place first carries out sorting, large part and smallclothes are sorted out, large part chooses out the separation of classifying, and smallclothes house refuse material enters the interior broken bag of bag breaking system 3, what the polybag in these house refuse materials can be abolished abolishes, separation that can be separated, the house refuse material of polybag bonding is all knocked out, then these smallclothes house refuse mixtures of materials that fall are transported to the 4 internal classification screenings of gradation sizing system, make material heavier in house refuse material as magnetic separation scum, brick tile fragment and dregs etc. are discharged from gradation sizing system 4 is anterior, the low weight house refuse material of weight is discharged from gradation sizing system 4 rear portions, and weight low weight but not being sized the house refuse material falling is transported to and in winnowing machine 6, carries out selection by winnowing, winnowing machine 6 again sub-elects lighter and heavier material according to weight by the lighter house refuse material of sorting in a upper operation and separately discharges outside winnowing machine 6.The lighter rubbish material that sieves out from gradation sizing system 4 rear portions is transferred device 19 and is delivered to rotary screen system 11 and again sieves, these lighter materials passed through Su Su and plastic uptake before screening, all plastic products are sucked to the inner also discharge of Packing Machine 8, then the house refuse material after plastic uptake is processed enters screening again in rotary screen system 11, screening out heavier upper tank organic matter is delivered to house refuse hydrolysis system by conveying device 19 and is hydrolyzed, and rotary screen system 11 screening plastics and winnowing machine 6 selection by winnowing plastics materials out that out lighter plastics and Packing Machine 8 suck and discharge together enter follow-up plastics deep processing operation, and after house refuse hydrolysis system is hydrolyzed to upper tank organic materials, waste water drains into the interior recycling of sewage recorery treatment system 12, waste gas in house refuse hydrolysis system sprays quick-fried to spraying in shot room 18, after purifying by purifying column 13, drain into the external world, the hydrolysis residue that house refuse hydrolysis system is discharged is delivered to fertilizer producing system and manufactures fertilizer.And the method for operation in plastics deep-processing system is: Plastic rubbish enters coarse fodder dry cleaner 2 by conveying device 19 and carries out coarse fodder dry-cleaning, then further the refuse classification of Plastic is out delivered to the interior collection of collecting box 17 afterwards in entering fines dry cleaner 9.So far, house refuse material is disposed, to house refuse Classification of materials and to useful material, recycle, whole process is almost to complete in complete mechanical equipment, pipelining, and reclaim available material, meet the requirement that national energy-saving reduces discharging, and domestic rubbish disposal is convenient, treatment effeciency is high.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, on the basis of previous technique scheme, can be specifically: between described feeding system 7 and described large separation system 5, be provided with chaff interference radio frequency 14 and refiner 15, between described refiner 15 and described large separation system 5, by conveying device 19, be connected.Like this, chaff interference is reelected in system some possible interfere with subsequent categorized consumer wastes and the material of processing is selected, further improve domestic rubbish disposal ability and treatment effeciency, the effect of refiner 15 is the material on uniform 19, avoid sometimes material too to concentrate and material is too sparse sometimes, be conducive to follow-up each parts and carry out garbage disposal.Can also be to be provided with artificial separation chamber 16 between described large separation system 5 and described bag breaking system 3, between described large separation system 5 and artificial separation chamber 16 and between artificial separation chamber 16 and described bag breaking system 3, be provided with conveying device 19.So special material is carried out to hand picking in advance, avoid damaging follow-up each processing unit.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 20, on the basis of previous technique scheme, can be specifically: described house refuse hydrolysis system is house refuse hydrolytic decomposition pot, described house refuse hydrolytic decomposition pot comprises the tank body of preserving and sealing and is arranged at the external adapter assembly on described tank body, described tank body top is provided with sealing device, described tank body 101 comprises the upper cover 102 being tightly connected successively from top to bottom, cylindrical shell 103 and here conical head 104, in described cylindrical shell 103 and described this side conical head 104, be provided with shunting centrum 105, the vertex of a cone of described shunting centrum 105 is positioned at described cylindrical shell 103 bottoms, the bottom of described shunting centrum 105 contacts with described this side conical head 104 middle parts, in described cylindrical shell 103 and described this side conical head 104, be arranged with gas distribution pipe 106, described external adapter assembly comprises the gauge manifold 107 being connected with Pressure gauge, with temperature gauge linked nozzle for thermometer 108, the safety valve connecting pipe 110 being connected with exhaust-valve, the charging that material bin connects takes over 109, the steam connection 111 being connected with jet chimney, the draining being connected with drainage arrangement takes over 112, the discharging being connected with discharging bin takes over 113, with the tank connected cloth acid of acidic catalyst adapter 114 and the emptying adapter 115 being connected with exhaust apparatus, described steam connection 111 is communicated with described gas distribution pipe 106.Concrete analysis: the tank body 101 of preserving and sealing is for carrying house refuse material and it being hydrolyzed in tank body 101, external adapter assembly is the equipment connection auxiliary with the external world, and these auxiliary equipment are as thermometer, Pressure gauge, jet chimney, header tank, exhaust-valve, safety valve, acidic catalyst tank and deslagging gathering-device etc.The gauge manifold 107 being connected with Pressure gauge, with temperature gauge linked nozzle for thermometer 108, the safety valve connecting pipe 110 being connected with exhaust-valve, the charging that material bin connects takes over 109, the steam connection 111 being connected with jet chimney, the draining being connected with drainage arrangement takes over 112, the discharging being connected with discharging bin takes over 113, taking over 114 with the tank connected cloth acid of acidic catalyst is before and after hydrolysis or in hydrolytic process, add the material that need to add or discharge the material after hydrolysis with the effect of the emptying adapter 115 being connected with exhaust apparatus, and the effect of gas distribution pipe 106 is to make steam be dispersed in inner each position of tank body 101, facilitate hydrolysis more complete.Like this, needing the house refuse material of hydrolysis process to take over 109 from charging enters in tank body 101, cloth acid is taken over 114 acidic catalysts that pass into and is hydrolyzed from steam connection 111 and gas distribution pipe 106 enter the effect of the steam in tank body 101, liquid after hydrolysis is taken over 112 from draining and is expelled in header tank, and slag charge after hydrolysis will be taken over 113 discharges from discharging.Its advantage having be simple in structure, physical reaction carries out fast, hydrolysis efficiency is high, hydrolysis is complete, liquid can be discharged as early as possible, reduce the processing time, save labour, completely by machine complete hydrolysis operation, safe and reliable, cost is low and do not increase poisonous and harmful product.
Concrete hydrolytic process is:
The organic house refuse sub-electing is put into the tank body of house refuse hydrolytic decomposition pot, added appropriate dilution heat of sulfuric acid (including hydrolyst) simultaneously, under HTHP and weakly acidic condition, the solid ammonia react that is hydrolyzed, generates high nitrogenous composting base-material.Described dilution heat of sulfuric acid (including hydrolyst) also can be referred to as acidic catalyst, it is to take the catalyst that dilute sulfuric acid is carrier, the solid ammonia working substance (being hydrolyst) of catalysis in described acidic catalyst is comprised of the material of following parts by weight: ferrous sulfate 90-110 part, zinc sulfate 1-3 part, carbonic hydroammonium 8-12 part, ammonium molybdate 0.5-1.5 part, potash 3-7 part, magnesia 90-110 part, mass percent concentration is that the dilute sulfuric acid of 40-50% and the weight ratio of the solid ammonia working substance of described catalysis are that 950-1050 configuration obtains acidic catalyst, the acidic catalyst calculate needing according to house refuse weight of material in cylindrical shell according to the ratio of house refuse material 0.5-1.5Kg per ton also adds by this acidic catalyst the solid ammonia react that is hydrolyzed in tank body.
In house refuse, generally comprise changing food waste, daily house refuse etc., wherein changing food waste contains starch, protein, fat, cellulose, pectic substance, the polyurethane such as lignin, hemicellulose etc.
At hydrolysis in earlier stage, in organic house refuse there is following reaction in each composition:
(1) Starch Hydrolysis
Course of reaction:
Starch → dextrin → polysaccharide → compound sugar → disaccharide → monose
(2) cellulose hydrolysis
Course of reaction:
Cellulose → short chain cellulose → polysaccharide → compound sugar → disaccharide → monose
(3) hydrolysis of hemicellulose
Course of reaction:
Hemicellulose → polysaccharide → compound sugar → tetrose → monose
(4) hydrolyzed pectin
Pectin has well water-soluble facile hydrolysis than the many methyl of hemicellulose.
(5) lignin hydrolysis
Lignin is to take the organic high molecular compound that phenylpropyl alcohol alkane is unit, and associative key has three types: comprise not facile hydrolysis key, as ehter bond, fragrant key, alkylaryl of bonding; Part facile hydrolysis key; Easily to be hydrolyzed key.At HTHP and acid, do under catalyst, lignin hydrolysis forms three types oligomer.
In formula, R is H, CHO, COOH, CH 3, CH 2cOOHM is OMe, 2OMe, is connected respectively with the direct key of phenyl ring.
(6) lipid hydrolysis
Lipid is also fat and grease, and fat splitting becomes aliphatic acid and glycerine
R: be carbon number
(7) proteolysis
Amino acid is the basic comprising unit of protein, and amino acid has sulfur-containing amino acid, non-sulfur-containing amino acid, contains alkyl amino acid and contains the kinds more than 20 such as aromatic radical amino acid.
Protein molecular weight in hydrolytic process progressively reduces, and hydrolytic process is as follows:
Amino acid whose general formula is
Protein molecular weight in hydrolytic process progressively reduces
Protein → peptone → Dan Bai Shi → polypeptide → oligopeptide → oligopeptides → amino acid
In the hydrolysis later stage by the Maillard reaction of carbonyl (comprising aldehyde, ketone) ammonia combination: under the effect at catalyst such as the amino acids that hydrolysis produces in earlier stage, carbohydrate, carbohydrate, reset fixed nitrogen, generate the little molecular carbon nitrogen compound being easily absorbed by plants of stable state, can be used as the base-material of high-quality and efficient fertilizer.
Because the electronegativity of oxygen is larger than the electronegativity of nitrogen.Oxygen is larger to hydrogen ion attraction than nitrogen to hydrionic attraction.So the tendency that oxygen strong adsorption hydrogen ion forms a part water much larger than nitrogen-atoms to hydrionic attraction.Nitrogen-atoms loses two hydrogen ions and forms unsettled unoccupied orbital, only has same carbon atom to form covalent bonds, just can make nitrogen-atoms in stable state.But the ionic radius of carbon atom (0.77) is greater than the ionic radius (0.74) of nitrogen-atoms, electron cloud deflection carbon atom one side, nitrogen-atoms is electropositive trend.Carbon atom is elecrtonegativity trend.Lignin and fatty hydrolysate also have a large amount of carbonyls, aldehyde radical, ketone group together with the amino in organic nitrogen compound, to carry out molecular rearrangement generation Maillard reaction equally, form the carbon nitrogen of different molecular weight in conjunction with product.The principle of Here it is organic carbon compound fixed ammonia base and ammonia.Previously described is all the reactions that occur while being hydrolyzed biologic garbage, can fully be hydrolyzed house refuse like this.
The advantage that such house refuse hydrolysis system has is in terms of existing technologies simple in structure, and can complete the hydrolysis of house refuse, and hydrolysis efficiency is high, hydrolysis is complete, and omnidistance by machine, is completed, safe and reliable and cost is low.Standby mouthful b can also be set certainly on the upper cover 102 of tank body 101, and the liquid after hydrolysis does not have emptying, but pressure during lower than 0.2MPa, and now pressure is not much of that, can pass into from standby mouthful of b the air of heating; And if liquid is emptying, but pressure is during higher than 0.2-0.3MPa, can the gas in tank body 101 be discharged by emptying adapter 115, and then reduces pressure in tank body 101 to 0.2-0.3MPa.And when tank internal pressure is greater than 1.2MPa, safety valve connecting pipe 110 is reported to the police, emptying adapter 115 is simultaneously still externally exhaust under exhaust apparatus effect, guarantees the security of integral device.Further preferred technical scheme is that described upper cover 102 tops are provided with platform 116, described platform 116 central authorities are stretched out on described upper cover 102 tops, described sealing device comprises the capping 117 and the hydraulic packing system being connected with described capping 117 on the salable hydrolysis charging aperture a that is fastened on described upper cover 102 tops, and described hydraulic packing system and described capping 117 and described platform 116 are all fixing.Like this, sealing device is arranged on platform 116, and hydraulic packing system can be pressed on capping 117 on hydrolysis charging aperture a will be hydrolyzed charging aperture sealing, and other external adapter assemblies also all keep closed state, guarantee in whole tank body 101 to be sealing state.Platform 116 is guarantee sealing device fixation and can not drop midway.Further preferred technical scheme is that described hydraulic packing system comprises hydraulic press 118 and the Hydraulic Station 119 and the hood-opening device that are connected with described hydraulic press 118, described hydraulic press 118 bottoms and described capping 117 are fixing, described Hydraulic Station 119 is fixed on described platform 116, described hood-opening device comprises hook 120, horizontal bridging piece 121 and turning cylinder 122, the bottom of described hook 120 is hook portion, the bottom of described hook 120 and described platform 116 are fixing, one end of described horizontal bridging piece 121 can be connected with described hook portion hook, described turning cylinder 122 tops are fixed on described horizontal bridging piece 121 other ends, the bottom-hinged of described turning cylinder 122 is on described platform 116, described hydraulic press 118 is fixing with described capping 117.Hydraulic press 118 provides downward thrust, after hood-opening device is depressurization, opens the device of capping 117, and 119 of Hydraulic Stations are hydraulic press 118 supply energy sources.And hood-opening device is when primer fluid pressure device, that horizontal bridging piece 121 one end are the hook portion that free end is hooked on hook 120 tops, then the hydraulic press 118 being fixed on horizontal bridging piece 121 starts capping 117 to apply downforce, capping 117 is pressed on to hydrolysis charging aperture place sealed shell of tank 101, while needing to rejoin house refuse material after hydrolysis, with turning cylinder 122 rotations, skew certain position after driving 121 rotations of fixing with it horizontal bridging piece and then driving hydraulic press 118 to rise, drives capping 117 skew certain positions to expose hydrolysis charging aperture a and facilitates charging.The sealing device structure of this spline structure is simple, and sealing firmly, guarantees the sealing of the tank body 101 of hydrolytic process.Certainly can adopt sealing device or the hood-opening device of other structures, so long as can guarantee that tank body 101 seals and open the hydrolysis charging aperture of tank body 1.And turning cylinder 122 bottom-hinged are on described platform 116, guarantee that it rotates on platform 116.Can also be that described platform 116 central authorities are provided with through hole, stretch out from described through hole at the top of described upper cover 102.Like this, platform 116 can be not too high, guarantees the sealing effectiveness of capping 117, reduces the volume of whole domestic garbage treating system simultaneously.Can also be that described cylindrical shell 103 central authorities are provided with hanging support 123.The effect of hanging support 123 is whole domestic garbage treating system can be set up on support body to fix, and guarantees to keep erectting in its hydrolytic process, and after avoiding dropping, damages discharging 113 and this side conical head 104.It can also be described gauge manifold 107, nozzle for thermometer 108, safety valve connecting pipe 110, charging takes over 109, steam connection 111, draining takes over 112, discharging takes over 113, cloth acid adapter 114 and emptying adapter 115 ends are respectively pressure gauge connection c, thermometer boss d, relief valve connection j, material inlet a, steam inlet f, discharge outlet m, hydrolysis discharging opening g, cloth acid mouthful k and evacuation port e, described safety valve connecting pipe 110, charging takes over 109, draining takes over 112, discharging takes over 113, cloth acid adapter 114 and emptying adapter 115 ends are provided with flange 124, described steam connection 111 ends are provided with air inlet base and stiffening ring, described charging is taken over 109 ends and is provided with stiffening ring.The effect of each interface is the port externally connecting.And the effect of flange 124 be conveniently fixedly connected with safety valve, Material pipeline, in access tube and the emptier of jet chimney and acidic catalyst, the connecting surface while making to connect is large as far as possible, avoids stress to concentrate.The effect of stiffening ring is the intensity of further strengthening junction.Can also be that described draining adapter 112 is at least three, described draining be taken over 112 and is uniformly-spaced encircled and be located at described this side conical head 104 peripheries.Like this, can as early as possible the liquid after the hydrolysis in tank body 101 be discharged, expulsion efficiency is high, and the velocity of discharge is even everywhere.Can also be that described gas distribution pipe 106 is fixed in described cylindrical shell 3 and described this side conical head by gas distribution bracing frame 125.Can guarantee that like this gas distribution pipe 106 is fixed firm, gas distribution is even.Can also be that tank body 101 outer walls comprise anticorrosive coat and heat-insulation layer 128 from the inside to the outside, described anticorrosive coat comprises acid-proof ceramic tile layer 126 and clay layer 127.The effect of anticorrosive coat is to avoid tank body 101 to be corroded by the acidic materials in acidic catalyst, and heat-insulation layer 128 is to guarantee that the heat in tank body 101 is conducted to outside tank body 101 as few as possible, submits hydrolysis efficiency to, saves the energy.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 20, on the basis of previous technique scheme, can be specifically: described coarse fodder dry cleaner 2 comprises slightly washes support 201, be arranged on and slightly wash slightly washing housing 202 and being arranged at the rotatable cylinder 203 of slightly washing of slightly washing in housing 202 on support 201, describedly slightly wash housing 202 and described slightly washing between cylinder 203 forms space, described slightly washing is disposed with at least ten rows and slightly washes dry-cleaning thorn 204 on cylinder 203 outer walls, described housing 202 upper surface one sides of slightly washing are provided with and slightly wash charging aperture 205, described slightly washing on housing 202 opposite side lower surfaces is provided with and slightly washes discharging opening 206, described slightly washing under cylinder 203 is provided with and slightly washes filter, describedly be provided with conveying device under slightly washing filter, the described top of slightly washing dry-cleaning thorn 204 is spine.Concrete analysis: the effect of slightly washing support 201 is to make slightly to wash housing 202, the effect of slightly washing housing 202 is and slightly washes cylinder 203 and coordinate and form space for coarse fodder sorting and dry-cleaning, slightly washing dry-cleaning thorn 204 is to arrange (at least ten rows) along the axially many rows that slightly wash cylinder 203, often drains into arrange less two and slightly wash dry-cleaning thorn 204.The thick like this dry-cleaning thorn 204 of washing is slightly washed cylinder 203 high-speed motions with High Rotation Speed, it impacts and pushes in it and slightly washes cylinder 203 and slightly wash slightly the washing between charging aperture 205 1 sidewalls on the material in space of housing 202, and then stings breakage bag body and knock out earth and the impurity such as the scraps of paper.Slightly wash filter for filtering the impurity knocking out.Conveying device is for the impurity of filtration is delivered to dry cleaner outside, and vacating space is given the impurity of follow-up dry-cleaning filtration.Like this, after preliminary broken bag, contain the scraps of paper, the material of other impurity such as earth enters and slightly washes in housing 202 from slightly washing charging aperture 205, and in the process falling downwards with slightly wash dry-cleaning thorn 204 and contact, slightly wash dry-cleaning thorn 204 under the drive of slightly washing cylinder 203 of High Rotation Speed, high-speed cruising, like this slightly wash dry-cleaning thorn 204 not broken bag completely bags torn fall, by being bonded at the scraps of paper on sack and earth etc., strike down simultaneously, and polybag is because Toughness Ratio is better, and low weight, therefore along with slightly washing 204 operations of dry-cleaning thorn final rotation, to slightly washing the other rear flank of cylinder 203, got rid of and fly then to fall and discharge from slightly washing discharging opening 206 to slightly washing the other side roof part of housing v2, and the impurity such as the scraps of paper and earth are more crisp and easy to be separated broken, it departs from running under Action of Gravity Field slightly washes dry-cleaning thorn 204 and drops on and slightly wash on filter, slightly washing filter filters it, impurity after filtration falls and is delivered to and is slightly washed housing 202 outsides by conveying device, complete coarse fodder dry-cleaning process.Because omnidistance, use machinery to replace hand labor power, therefore advantage be in terms of existing technologies simple in structure, broken bag efficiency is high, complete mechanical, save labour, reduce refuse classification and processing cost, can separating plastic bag and other impurity such as the scraps of paper, earth.Can be specifically describedly slightly to wash dry-cleaning thorn 204 spread configuration is on the described outer wall of slightly washing cylinder 203 symmetrically, the described spine that each slightly washes dry-cleaning thorn 204 be towards described cylinder 203 outsides of slightly washing.Like this, more even to the effect of knocking of material, the better effects if of broken bag and separating plastic bag, separated material angle and location comparison is even simultaneously, avoids some local beating point overstocked, and the too loose situation of some local beating point occurs.Can also be that described slightly to wash dry-cleaning thorn 204 longitudinal cross-sections be triangular shaped, described spine be positioned at described triangular shaped top.Slightly washing dry-cleaning thorn 204 can be that cone can be also pyramid, comprises triangular pyramid, rectangular pyramid and pentagonal pyramid etc., as long as top can form spine thorn breakage bag body and have the effect of knocking.Further preferred technical scheme is that described spine is obliquely installed, and described spine incline direction is contrary with described cylinder 203 direction of rotation of slightly washing.The advantage arranging is like this that no matter how slightly wash cylinder 203 rotates, the incline direction of spine is all to puncture and knock towards material, realizes in maximum efficiency the bonding of broken bag and separated bag and impurity.Simultaneously so active force of slightly washing dry-cleaning thorn 204 is maximum.Further preferred technical scheme is that described spine incline direction is with consistent towards slightly washing charging aperture 205 directions.Like this, its direction is what directly to be met to the material falling, identical with material falling direction, smaller active force just can realize broken bag with knock separated.Plastic bag after separation simultaneously and other impurity movement locus such as the scraps of paper and earth, for dropping downwards, are slightly washed the further impurity that promotes of dry-cleaning thorn 204 and are dropped, and drive lighter plastics to raise up with it simultaneously, and separating effect is better.Can also be that the described filter of slightly washing is to be arranged at the described screen cloth 207 of slightly washing the semicylinder shape under cylinder 203.The effect of screen cloth 207 is that larger impurity and polybag are filtered above screen cloth 207, waits for that slightly washing dry-cleaning thorn 204 further beats with separated.Can also be that described conveying device is belt conveyor 208.The advantage of belt conveyor 208 is that cost is low, operates steadily, and the material after delivery of filtered incessantly.Can also be that the described discharging opening 206 of slightly washing is the centrum shape that from top to bottom size reduces gradually.The effect of slightly washing discharging opening 206 is like this that discharging is more concentrated, collects and clashes into the plastic bag of slightly washing to fall from all directions after housing 202.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 20, on the basis of previous technique scheme, can be specifically: described bag breaking system 3 is bag-breaking machine, comprise broken bag support 301, be arranged on the broken bag housing 302 on broken bag support 301 and be arranged at the rotatable broken bag cylinder 303 in broken bag housing 302, between described broken bag housing 302 and described broken bag cylinder 303, form space, on described broken bag cylinder 303 outer walls, be equipped with at least ten row's steel whip groups, every row's steel whip group has five steel whips 304 at least, described broken bag housing 302 tops are provided with broken bag charging aperture 305, described broken bag housing is provided with broken bag discharging opening 306 on 302 bottoms, described broken bag cylinder 303 is connected with drive unit.Like this, the process that the rubbish of one-tenth bag falls from broken bag charging aperture 305, drive unit drives 303 rotations of broken bag cylinder, High Rotation Speed preferably, the broken bag cylinder 303 of High Rotation Speed drives steel whip 304 high-speed motions, the steel whip 304 of high-speed motion impacts on the outer plastic bag of rubbish that becomes bag polybag is taken out brokenly, but the dynamics of steel whip 304 is not enough to the rubbish materials such as shattered glass bottle and stone, like this due to the setting at least ten row's steel whip groups on broken bag cylinder 303 outsides, and every group of steel whip group has five steel whips 304 at least, therefore a plurality of steel whips 304 are lashed on polybag, polybag breakage is the fragment of bulk, the rubbish of plastic tape parcel scatter under taking out of steel whip 304 hit and broken bag discharging opening 306 is passed and falls in the space between broken bag cylinder 303 and broken bag housing 302 sidewalls and from broken bag discharging opening 306 is expelled to broken bag housing 302, complete broken bag operation, full name is mechanization production, therefore, advantage with respect to prior art is simple in structure, broken bag efficiency is high, complete mechanical, save labour, reduce garbage bag breaking cost, plastic bag can be broken into large stretch of fragment.Can be specifically that the angles such as described steel whip group are arranged on the outer wall of described broken bag cylinder 303.Respectively organizing steel whip group uniformly-spaced encircles and is located on broken bag cylinder 303 outer walls.Such advantage is to guarantee that steel whip 304 is taken out to hit becoming the position on bag rubbish even, avoids occurring that take out in some place hits overstockedly, and some locally exists large stretch of phenomenon of hitting blind area of taking out to occur, the effect that further improves broken bag and break up rubbish.Further preferred technical scheme is that the steel whip 4 in described each steel whip group is uniformly-spaced arranged on the outer wall of described broken bag cylinder 303.Can impact into more equably a bag rubbish like this, further improve broken bag efficiency, improve rubbish simultaneously and broken up uniformity coefficient.Can also be that described broken bag cylinder 303 is erected in described broken bag housing 302 by broken bag rotating shaft 311 is rotatable.Such structure is simpler, and the High Rotation Speed that can realize broken bag cylinder 303 completely is not subject to any obstruction.Further preferred technical scheme is that described broken bag rotating shaft 311 is through the two side, front and back of described broken bag housing 302, described broken bag housing is respectively arranged with broken bag bearing block 312 on 302 two sides, front and back, and described broken bag rotating shaft 311 is positioned at described broken bag bearing block 312.One of effect of broken bag bearing block 312 is to guarantee the 311 accessible rotations within it of broken bag rotating shaft, and two of effect is the broken bag housings 302 that wear and tear while avoiding 311 rotation of broken bag rotating shaft, extends the service life of whole garbage bag breaking machine.Can also be that described drive unit comprises broken bag motor 308 and the broken bag decelerator 309 being connected with broken bag motor 308, described broken bag decelerator 309 be connected by broken bag belt 310 with described broken bag rotating shaft 311.The output shaft of broken bag motor 308 rotation like this, and then after 309 decelerations of broken bag decelerator, revolving force is passed to broken bag rotating shaft 311 by broken bag belt 310, and then driving 311 rotations of broken bag rotating shaft, band, with 303 rotations of broken bag cylinder, is finally realized the broken bag function of steel whip 304.The below that can also be described broken bag charging aperture 305 tops and broken bag discharging opening 306 is provided with device for transporting objects 307.The effect of the device for transporting objects 307 of broken bag charging aperture 305 tops be mechanization one-tenth bag rubbish is delivered in broken bag charging aperture 305, save manpower, transfer efficiency is high.And the effect of the device for transporting objects 307 of broken bag discharging opening 306 belows is the polybag after broken bag and the rubbish broken up to be delivered to next garbage disposal operation process.Further preferred technical scheme is that described device for transporting objects 307 comprises belt conveyor.The advantage of belt conveyor is that cost is low, operates steadily and be not easy to damage, easy to maintenance.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 20, on the basis of previous technique scheme, can be specifically: described gradation sizing system 4 is the rotary screen with counterflow unit, rotary screen with counterflow unit comprises drum-type sieve nest 401, described sieve nest 401 upper front end are refluence cylinder charging aperture, described sieve nest 401 front end bottoms are refluence cylinder heavy burder discharging opening 404, described sieve nest 401 front center are communicated with ventilation unit, described sieve nest 401 is rotatable to be erected on refluence cylinder support body 402, described sieve nest 401 rear end lower are that refluence cylinder is gently expected discharging opening 405, described cylinder sieve nest 401 is anterior is refluence district, described refluence is disposed with at least three counterflow units in district, the front end height of described counterflow unit is less than the height of described rear end.Like this, rubbish material enters the interior screening of sieve nest 401 from the refluence cylinder charging aperture of sieve nest 401 upper front end, drum-type sieve nest 401 rotatablely moves, drive each rubbish material rolling, ventilation unit passes into gas incessantly in sieve nest 401, other impact on the rubbish material of rolling, rubbish material advances backward and dispels, light rubbish material as polybag, the scraps of paper etc. due to lightweight by wind, delivered on counterflow unit rear portion and along this counterflow unit upwards fly to sieve nest 401 rear portions and again after rolling on the lenient side material outlet discharge extraneous.Heavy rubbish material falls to rapidly the front portion of counterflow unit as rotary head and tile fragment etc. due to Heavy Weight, and the discharging opening place of move and dropping down onto sieve nest 401 front end bottoms to rollback under the effect of counterflow unit discharges the external world.So simple structure can be just the light material that the heavier heavy burder of weight and weight are lighter by rubbish material sorting, and then the heavier inorganic matters such as brick tile fragment stone in rubbish material and the lighter plastics of weight etc. can be sorted out, it enters down respectively treatment process one.With respect to the advantage of prior art be simple in structure, cost is low, the light-heavy material in rubbish material can be sorted out respectively to independent processing.Can be specifically that counterflow unit is set in parallel in described cylinder sieve nest 401 front portions described in each.The advantage that counterflow unit be arranged in parallel is identical to the refluence effect of rubbish material, and the efficiency of separation is higher.Further preferred technical scheme is that described counterflow unit is refluence plate 403, and described refluence plate 403 rear ends are the refluence cylinder swash plate 408 being obliquely installed, the extension that is inclined upwardly backward of described refluence cylinder swash plate 408.Like this, light material upwards flies out and falls to sieve nest 401 rear portions and finally from refluence cylinder, gently expect that discharging opening 405 drains into the external world along parabola after encountering refluence cylinder swash plate 8 under wind-force effect.The front end that further preferred technical scheme is described refluence plate 403 is horizontally disposed refluence cylinder level board 409, and the front end of the rear end of described refluence cylinder level board 409 and described refluence cylinder swash plate 408 forms turning.Like this, under heavier material is direct, drop on refluence cylinder level board 409 or on refluence cylinder swash plate 408, wind-force is not corresponding with its gravity, so heavier rubbish material falls after rise and finally drains into the external world from refluence cylinder heavy burder discharging opening 404.The height that further preferred technical scheme is described refluence cylinder swash plate 408 is 10-20cm, and between described refluence cylinder level board 409 extended lines and described refluence cylinder swash plate 408, angle is 30-45 °, and described refluence section length is 90-110cm.The refluence separating effect of such refluence plate 403 is best.Can also be that described drum-type sieve nest 401 is connected with drive unit.401 rotations of drive unit head roll formula sieve nest, and then the rubbish material that falls into its front end is fully rolled, under the rubbish material of the wind drive Different Weight being conveniently blown into, drop on the diverse location place of counterflow unit, and then finally from refluence cylinder heavy burder discharging opening 404 and refluence cylinder, gently expect that discharging opening 405 drains into the external world, realizes the sorting of Different Weight material respectively.Further preferred technical scheme is refluence Rolling motor 406 and the refluence reducer drum 407 that described drive unit comprises connection, and described refluence reducer drum 407 is connected with described sieve nest 401.Refluence Rolling motor 406 drives sieve nest 401 rotations by refluence reducer drum 407 like this.Can also be that described ventilation unit is air blast 410.The advantage of air blast 410 is that cost is low, and effect continuity is good.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 20, on the basis of previous technique scheme, can be specifically: described large separation system 5 comprises large part separator, large part separator comprises sorting support 501, be erected at sorting housing 512 and the rotatable separating cylinder 502 being arranged in described sorting housing 512 on described sorting support 501, between described separating cylinder 502 and described sorting housing 512, leave space, space between described separating cylinder 502 and described sorting housing 512 left side walls is greater than the space between described separating cylinder 502 and described sorting housing 512 right side walls, on described separating cylinder 502, along separating cylinder 502 outer walls, extend axially and be provided with at least five row's steel hooks 503, often drain into rare five steel hooks 503, described sorting housing 512 top right side are provided with sorting charging aperture 504, the coupler body front end of described steel hook 503 is crooked towards discharging opening direction counterclockwise, and sorting housing 512 right sides, bottom are provided with sorting smallclothes discharging opening 508, described sorting housing 512 bottom left are provided with large discharging opening 507 of sorting, described sorting charging aperture 504 tops, large discharging opening 507 belows of described sorting and sorting smallclothes discharging opening 508 belows are equipped with the conveying device 511 for delivery of material, described separating cylinder 502 is connected with drive unit.Like this, raw refuse after preliminary broken bag enters in sorting housing 512 from sorting charging aperture 504, drive unit drives separating cylinder 502 High Rotation Speeds, space between separating cylinder 502 and sorting housing 512 right side walls is less, therefore smallclothes rubbish directly drops into sorting smallclothes discharging opening 508 places on sorting housing 512 right sides, bottom through this space, the rubbish of large part is different from this space, Bulky Waste is hooked by steel hook 503, and along with separating cylinder 502 and rotatablely moving of steel hook 503 and oppositely hook to the gap between separating cylinder 502 and sorting housing 512 left side walls, because the space between described separating cylinder 502 and described sorting housing 512 left side walls is greater than the space between described separating cylinder 502 and described sorting housing 512 right side walls, and steel hook 503 is when rotating through this space, coupler body down, Bulky Waste is no longer had to hook pulling force, therefore, the rubbish of large part can drop from the space in this left side and discharge sorting housing 512 from large discharging opening of sorting 507.Because raw refuse constantly enters sorting charging aperture 504, and separating cylinder 502 High Rotation Speed constantly, and then constantly drive Bulky Waste oppositely hook and hook be pulled to large rear discharge of discharging opening 507 of sorting, therefore, Bulky Waste and smallclothes rubbish separative efficiency are high, and the screen cloth that separating cylinder 502 is compared motion with steel hook 503 is firmer, more durable, operate steadily, not fragile, high life.Therefore with respect to the advantage of prior art be simple in structure, can be fast that Bulky Waste is separated with smallclothes rubbish, the efficiency of separation is high, volume is little, and each parts are not easy damage, long service life.Many row's steel hooks 503 are set and every row the object of a plurality of steel hooks 503 is set is to carry out better the sorting of Bulky Waste and smallclothes rubbish.And guarantee that Bulky Waste as much as possible is hooked reversion hook to large discharging opening 507 of sorting by steel hook 503.In addition, the size of steel hook 503 and the dense degree of setting are determined according to the size distinction of large part and smallclothes.Can be specifically that described steel hook 503 is arranged on described separating cylinder 502 symmetrically.The Bulky Waste that like this, can further guarantee all positions all can be gone out by hook to large discharging opening 507 of sorting.Can be specifically that described steel hook 503 is uniformly-spaced arranged on described separating cylinder 502 outer walls vertically.Certainly can also be that described steel hook 503 uniformly-spaced arranges along described separating cylinder 502 peripheries.Or adopt both to have standby structure concurrently.So further raising Bulky Waste sorting index.Can also be that described separating cylinder 502 is erected in described sorting housing 512 by sorting rotating shaft 510 is rotatable.Certainly can also be to use other mode swivel mounts to be located in sorting housing 512.The advantage of using sorting rotating shaft 510 is that rotation controllability is high, simple in structure, and cost is low, and volume is little, can not take the very large space in sorting housing 512.Further preferred technical scheme is that described sorting housing 512 two ends are provided with sorting bearing block 513, and described sorting rotating shaft 510 is rotatably connected with sorting bearing block 513.The effect of sorting bearing block 513 is effectively to avoid sorting housing 512 and the 510 junction wearing and tearing of sorting rotating shaft, and it can extend the service life of whole large part separator.Can also be that described sorting rotating shaft 510 is connected with described drive unit.Drive unit can drive 510 rotations of sorting rotating shaft like this, and then drive unit drives separating cylinder 502 High Rotation Speeds.Further preferred technical scheme is that described drive unit is sorting motor 505, and described sorting rotating shaft 510 is connected by sorting decelerator 506 with sorting motor 505, and described sorting decelerator 506 is connected by sorting belt 509 with described sorting rotating shaft 510.Like this, the 505 axle rotations of sorting motor pass to sorting decelerator 506 by revolving force, sorting decelerator 506 can regulation output rotating speed to the rotating speed needing then the rotation of this rotating speed is sent to sorting rotating shaft 510 by sorting belt 509, and then realize sorting motor 505 driving sorting rotating shafts 510 with suitable rotating speed rotation, drive 503 operations of steel hook and then realize the separated of Bulky Waste and smallclothes rubbish, i.e. large sorting function.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 20, on the basis of previous technique scheme, can be specifically: described winnowing machine 6 comprises selection by winnowing support 601 and is erected at rotatable wind-sorting drum 602 on selection by winnowing support 601 and the selection by winnowing that is erected on selection by winnowing support 1 is divided feed bin 603 and air-supply arrangement, described selection by winnowing divides feed bin 603 to be positioned at described wind-sorting drum 602 rear ends, the selection by winnowing central shaft of described wind-sorting drum 602 is downward-sloping from front to back, described wind-sorting drum 602 is the horn body shape that diameter increases gradually from front to back, the front portion of described wind-sorting drum 602 is provided with selection by winnowing charging aperture 612, described selection by winnowing divides the anterior bottom of feed bin 603 to be provided with selection by winnowing heavy burder collection mouth 607, described selection by winnowing divides feed bin 603 bottoms, rear portion to be provided with selection by winnowing gently to expect to collect mouthfuls 608, described air-supply arrangement divides feed bin 603 to be communicated with described wind-sorting drum 602 and/or selection by winnowing.Concrete analysis, the effect of selection by winnowing support 601 is to prop wind-sorting drum 602 and selection by winnowing is divided feed bin 603; Selection by winnowing divides feed bin 3 to be positioned at the rubbish material that wind-sorting drum 2 rear ends facilitate wind-sorting drum 2 to push ahead to raise out to carry out separate collection, and the wind-sorting drum 602 of the horn body shape that diameter increases gradually from front to back, it is under High Rotation Speed effect, rubbish material rolls and strengthens gradually inertia along wind-sorting drum 602, guarantees the selection by winnowing efficiency after flying out.Like this, need the rubbish of sorting by selection by winnowing charging aperture 612, to be delivered in wind-sorting drum 602 continuously, the wind-sorting drum 602 of High Rotation Speed, rubbish material is kicked up, while is due to the horn body shape that the size of formation increases gradually from front to back of wind-sorting drum 602, rubbish material constantly rolls and finally from wind-sorting drum 602 rear end off-lines, flies out and fly into selection by winnowing and divides in feed bin 603, because the lateral separation that heavier material flies out is smaller, therefore, heavier rubbish material all directly drops down onto selection by winnowing and divides the selection by winnowing heavy burder of feed bin 603 anterior bottoms to collect mouthful 607 also discharges, and its lateral separation flying out of low weight rubbish material is distant, therefore, low weight rubbish material divides the selection by winnowing of bottom at the rear portion of feed bin 603 gently to expect collect mouthful 608 places and drain into outside by flying in selection by winnowing, the rubbish material of air-supply arrangement promotion simultaneously flies out forward.So just can under wind-force effect, sub-elect according to the weight of rubbish material heavy burder rubbish and light material rubbish.Therefore with respect to the advantage of prior art be cost low, can separate rubbish according to weight, and the efficiency of separation is high.Can be to be specifically provided with at least two deflectors 604 in described wind-sorting drum 602.The effect of deflector 604 is that the motion of rubbish material is play the guiding role, and further contributes to the propelling movement forward of rubbish material and outwards raises and send.The principle of deflector 604 is that gravity makes different rubbish materials different at the rotating direction of deflector 604 upper ends.Certainly deflector 604 can be set to three or more, as ten etc.Further preferably described deflector 604 be arranged in parallel.Like this, can be so that it be identical entering the guide effect on all deflectors 604 of rubbish material in wind-sorting drum 602, direction is consistent, and the effect of flying upward is also identical.Further preferred technical scheme is on described deflector 604 welding and described wind-sorting drum 602 inwalls.The advantage of welding manner is fixing more firm, and cost is low.Can also be that described air-supply arrangement comprises selection by winnowing the first blower fan 605, described selection by winnowing the first blower fan 605 be communicated with the front portion of described wind-sorting drum 602.The effect of selection by winnowing the first blower fan 605 is that the rubbish material entering in wind-sorting drum 602 from selection by winnowing charging aperture 612 is pushed forward.Can also be that described air-supply arrangement comprises selection by winnowing the second blower fan 606, described selection by winnowing the second blower fan 606 divides feed bin 603 to be communicated with described selection by winnowing.Like this, above selection by winnowing divides the interior selection by winnowing of feed bin 603 the second blower fan 606 further upwards will gently expect backward to blow as plastics etc. gently to expect to selection by winnowing to collect mouthfuls 608 and make it fall to selection by winnowing gently to expect to collect mouthfuls 608 and gently expect to collect mouthfuls 608 from selection by winnowing and discharge the external worlds.Certainly can also be that described air-supply arrangement comprises selection by winnowing the first blower fan 605 and selection by winnowing the second blower fan 606, described selection by winnowing the first blower fan 605 be communicated with the front portion of described wind-sorting drum 602, and described selection by winnowing the second blower fan 606 divides feed bin 603 to be communicated with described selection by winnowing.Selection by winnowing the first blower fan 605 acts on simultaneously and guarantees that the weight of rubbish material is separated more effective with selection by winnowing the second blower fan 606 like this.Can also be that described wind-sorting drum 602 is connected with selection by winnowing motor 609 by selection by winnowing decelerator 611.Selection by winnowing motor 609 High Rotation Speeds drive wind-sorting drum 602 High Rotation Speeds under the effect of selection by winnowing decelerator 611 like this, realize the function of the separated weight rubbish material of selection by winnowing.Can also be that described selection by winnowing heavy burder is collected mouth 607, selection by winnowing is gently expected to collect mouthful 608 belows and is respectively arranged with device for transporting objects 610, described selection by winnowing charging aperture 612 tops be provided with device for transporting objects 610.The device for transporting objects 610 of selection by winnowing charging aperture 612 tops is for needing the separated weight rubbish of selection by winnowing, and then the rubbish material of the light material such as separating plastic is delivered in separator.And selection by winnowing heavy burder collects mouthfuls 607, gently to expect to collect a mouthful effect for the device for transporting objects 610 that 608 belows arrange be respectively by the heavy burder rubbish after selection by winnowing with gently expect that rubbish is delivered to the garbage disposal operation place carrying out specially for it to selection by winnowing.Further preferred technical scheme is that described device for transporting objects 610 is belt conveyor.The advantage of belt conveyor is that cost is low, is not easy to damage, easily maintenance.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 20, on the basis of previous technique scheme, can be specifically: described feeding system 7 comprise be positioned between skip car 20 for capturing grab bucket 21 and the feeder of rubbish material, described feeder comprises that material loading support 701 and tilting rack are located at described material loading support 701 upper conveyors, the center line of described conveying device and horizontal plane angle are greater than 15 degree and are less than 45 °, described conveying device lower end is provided with material loading hopper 705, and described conveying device bottom is positioned at material loading hopper 705.Like this, need the rubbish material of carrying to be contained in material loading hopper 705, during conveying device operation, in material loading hopper 705, constantly rubbish material is placed on conveying device, because being greater than 15 °, the center line of conveying device and horizontal plane angle be less than 45 °, therefore rubbish material has the lower end of conveying device to be constantly transported to the upper end of conveying device, and then completes the conveying of the rubbish material with certain altitude.Owing to constantly there being rubbish material to be drawn to conveying device, and along conveying device, be transferred from the bottom to top continuously.Therefore the advantage having be in terms of existing technologies simple in structure, continuation conveying garbage material, transfer efficiency are high continuously.Can be specifically described conveying device comprise material loading driving wheel 703, material loading driven pulley 704 and be set in described material loading driving wheel 703 ends and described material loading driven pulley 704 ends on conveying charging belt 702, the surface of described conveying charging belt 702 and described horizontal plane angle are less than 45 °, and described material loading driving wheel 703 and described material loading driven pulley 704 are installed on described material loading support 701.Like this, carry charging belt 702 to take up rubbish material from material loading hopper 705, rubbish material is positioned on the upper surface of carrying charging belt 702, 703 rotations of material loading driving wheel, drive and carry charging belt 702 motions, because frictional force is carried further drive material loading driven pulley 704 rotations of charging belt 702, carry charging belt 702 in the synergy of material loading driving wheel 703 and material loading driven pulley 704 rising that has a down dip, rubbish material that drive is located thereon tilts to rise and finally reaches to fall to behind the top of carrying charging belt 702 in the device that rubbish material processes and carries out subsequent treatment operation.Further preferred technical scheme is on described conveying charging belt 702 surfaces, horizontal parallel to be set to be provided with at least three material loading baffle plates 706.The effect of described material loading baffle plate 706 is rubbish material is tripped out in material loading hopper 705 and stop rubbish material to tumble or landing the process of carrying charging belt 702 to tilt to move up.Further preferred technical scheme is that described material loading baffle plate 706 is highly 40-60cm.Like this in equal conveying charging belt 702 carrying capacity situations, carry and the rubbish material that stops maximum.Can also be that the both sides of described conveying charging belt 702 are along carrying charging belt 702 edges to be provided with upwardly extending side plate.The advantage that side plate is set be can maximum magnitude ground convey materials, avoid material from carrying the both sides of the edge landing of charging belt 702 or tumbling and affect transfer efficiency.Can also be that described material loading driving wheel 703 is connected with drive unit.Drive unit drives 703 rotations of material loading driving wheel.Concrete can be that described drive unit comprises material loading motor 707 and the material loading decelerator 708 being connected with material loading motor 707, is that material loading decelerator 708 is connected with described material loading driving wheel 703.The advantage of material loading motor 707 and material loading decelerator 708 is to operate steadily, and cost is low, and is easy to install and maintain.The flat boards that can also be described material loading support 701 tops for tilting, described material loading driving wheel 703 and described material loading driven pulley 704 is rotatable is erected on described flat board.Can guarantee that like this conveying charging belt sheathed on material loading driving wheel 703 and material loading driven pulley 704 702 and the angle of horizontal plane are fixing, and carry charging belt 702 operations more steady.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 20, on the basis of previous technique scheme, can be specifically: described Packing Machine 8 comprises airtight plastic uptake collecting bin 801, suction pipeline 803, air-suction duct 805 and for extracting the plastic uptake blower fan 806 of plastic uptake collecting bin 801 interior air, described suction pipeline 803 one end are provided with plastic uptake material sucking port 804, described plastic uptake material sucking port 804 is positioned at the rubbish material top of conveying, the other end of described suction pipeline 3 passes in described airtight plastic uptake collecting bin 1, one end of described air-suction duct 805 is connected with described plastic uptake blower fan 806, the other end of described air-suction duct 805 passes in the plastic uptake collecting bin 801 of described sealing, the bottom of described plastic uptake collecting bin 801 is provided with closes wind discharger 807, the described wind discharger 807 that closes comprises that the horizontally disposed plastic uptake cylinder wall 810 that is equipped with up and down opening closes fan blade with the plastic uptake that is arranged at the sealing plastic uptake collecting bin 801 of plastic uptake cylinder wall 810 central authorities, described plastic uptake closes fan blade and comprises at least three isolated blades 808 that rotate around rotating shaft, described isolated blade 808 radially extends from plastic uptake cylinder wall 810 central shafts, the identical setting of adjacent described isolated blade 808 angle, described isolated blade 808 is divided at least trisection by described cylinder, between described isolated blade 808, form cavity 809, the end of described isolated blade 808 contacts with plastic uptake cylinder wall 810, described plastic uptake cylinder wall 810 lower ends are plastic uptake discharging opening 812, between described isolated blade 808, angle is greater than the angle of cylinder opening.Concrete analysis, plastic uptake collecting bin 801 is for collecting the plastics of suction, and the effect of air-suction duct 805 and plastic uptake blower fan 806 is the air that constantly extract in plastic uptake collecting bin 801, guarantee that plastic uptake material sucking port 804 constantly has upper suction active force, and then the plastics in the rubbish material that guarantees to carry are inhaled in plastic uptake collecting bin 801.And the effect of closing wind discharger 807 is in the situation that keeping plastic uptake collecting bin 801 sealing always, discharge the plastics of collecting.And plastic uptake closes fan blade in constantly rotation, remain as long as two isolated blades 808 contact with the plastic uptake cylinder wall 810 of the left and right sides respectively, pressure state in plastic uptake collecting bin 801 can be held like this, and then guarantees the continuation of the suction plastics of plastic uptake material sucking port 804.At least trisection is to guarantee to close wind state.Like this, plastic uptake blower fan 806 is from plastic uptake collecting bin 801 extracting airs of sealing, by the interior suction of plastic uptake collecting bin 801, it is negative pressure state, for balance plastic uptake collecting bin 801 internal pressures, plastic uptake pipeline inwardly aspirates air from plastic uptake material sucking port 804, because plastic uptake material sucking port 804 is positioned at the rubbish material top of conveying, therefore, plastics in rubbish material are because weight is very light, therefore in company with gas, be together inhaled in suction pipeline 803, and then enter in plastic uptake collecting bin 801, under Action of Gravity Field, naturally fall, and it drops on and closes in wind discharger 807, be that it drops in the cavity 809 between the adjacent isolated blade 808 that closes fan blade for sealing the plastic uptake of plastic uptake collecting bin 801, these two isolated blades 808 just rotate to cavity 809 towards upper position, then plastic uptake closes fan blade rotation, drive isolated blade 808 rotations, and then drive the plastics that fall to move, during isolated blade 808 rotation and plastic uptake cylinder wall 810 offset, sealing plastic uptake collecting bin 801, avoid air to enter, when accommodating the cavity volume of plastics, rotate to mouth towards lower time, plastics fall and discharge from plastic uptake discharging opening 812 under Action of Gravity Field, complete sorting and the collection of plastics.With respect to the advantage of prior art be simple in structure, cost is low, can completely the separating plastic in rubbish material out be processed separately.And because plastic uptake closes fan blade, be constantly to rotate, therefore, do not need to stop a period of time after garbage-sorting again, plastic uptake separating plastic are finally collected plastics incessantly, separating plastic efficiency is high.The opening angle that can be specifically described cylinder wall 810 is 60 °, and the outer uniform ring of described plastic uptake rotating shaft is provided with at least three isolated blades 808.The opening angle that can also be described cylinder wall 810 is 60 °, and the outer uniform ring of described plastic uptake rotating shaft is provided with at least four isolated blades 808.Certainly can also be the structure of other angles and decile, so long as can guarantee when plastic uptake closes fan blade rotation to have at least two isolated blades 808 contact with plastic uptake cylinder wall 810 and seal plastic uptake collecting bin 801.The advantage of above-mentioned these two kinds of structures is easy to manufacture, and cost is low.Can also be that described plastic uptake material sucking port 804 is inverted horn mouth shape, the bottom size of described plastic uptake material sucking port 804 be greater than the tip size of described plastic uptake material sucking port 804.Suction area in the bottom of plastic uptake material sucking port 804 is large like this, be more conducive to be drawn into more the plastics in rubbish material, and the little top of size guarantees that the plastics that suck enter rapidly plastic uptake collecting bin 801.Can also be that described plastic uptake collecting bin 801 tops are cylinder, bottom be the Rotary-table that size reduces gradually, and the bottom of described plastic uptake collecting bin 801 is plastic uptake cylinder wall 810.The Rotary-table reducing between the size of such plastic uptake collecting bin 801 bottoms, enters and closes in wind discharger 807 no matter the plastics that make to collect drop on after all gliding on which point in dropping process.Can also be also that described plastic uptake blower fan 806 is connected with exhaust duct 813, on described exhaust duct 813, be provided with silencer 811.The effect of silencer 811 is to reduce noise.Can also be that described plastic uptake collecting bin 801 outer walls are fixed with plastic uptake support 802.The effect of plastic uptake support 802 is for supporting plastic uptake collecting bin 801.Avoid it under the effect of suction force, to rock back and forth.
Domestic garbage treating system of the present invention, please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 20, on the basis of previous technique scheme, can be specifically: described fines dry cleaner 9 comprises carefully washes support 901, be arranged on and carefully wash carefully washing housing 902 and being arranged at the rotatable cylinder 903 of carefully washing of carefully washing in housing 902 on support 901, describedly carefully wash housing 902 and described carefully washing between cylinder 903 forms space, described carefully washing is disposed with at least ten rows and carefully washes dry-cleaning thorn 904 on cylinder 903 outer walls, described housing 902 top one sides of carefully washing are provided with and carefully wash charging aperture 905, described carefully washing on housing 902 opposite side tops is provided with and carefully washes discharging opening 906, the described cylinder 903 of carefully washing is carefully washed one end that discharging opening 906 is relative and is equipped with at least three and carefully washes fan leaf 909 with described, described carefully washing under cylinder 903 is provided with and carefully washes filter, describedly be provided with conveying device under carefully washing filter, the described top of carefully washing dry-cleaning thorn 904 is spine.Like this, after primary election through coarse fodder dry cleaner 902, Plastic rubbish enters and carefully washes in housing 902 from carefully washing charging aperture 905 with attachment, and in the process falling downwards with carefully wash dry-cleaning thorn 904 and contact, carefully wash dry-cleaning thorn 904 under the drive of carefully washing cylinder 903 of High Rotation Speed, high-speed cruising, the dry-cleaning thorn 904 of carefully washing like this beats plastics and the material that hangs on Plastic rubbish, by being bonded at scraps of paper on plastics etc., strike down, and polybag is because Toughness Ratio is better, and low weight, therefore along with carefully washing 904 operations of dry-cleaning thorn final rotation, to carefully washing the other rear flank of cylinder 903, by what carefully wash that cylinder 903 drives High Rotation Speeds, carefully washed fan leaf 909, get rid of and fly then from this discharging opening 906 of carefully washing, to discharge to carefully washing the other upper lateral part of housing 902, enter the processing of subsequent processing, and the scraps of paper are more crisp and easy to be separated broken with the thin impurity such as earth, it departs from running under Action of Gravity Field carefully washes dry-cleaning thorn 904 and drops on and carefully wash on filter, carefully washing filter filters it, impurity after filtration falls and is delivered to and is carefully washed housing 902 outsides by conveying device, complete fines dry-cleaning process.Because omnidistance, use machinery to replace hand labor power, therefore advantage be in terms of existing technologies simple in structure, separating plastic efficiency is high, complete mechanical, save labour, reduce refuse classification and processing cost, can separating plastic bag and other impurity such as the scraps of paper, tiny earth.Can be specifically describedly carefully to wash dry-cleaning thorn 904 spread configuration is on the described outer wall of carefully washing cylinder 903 symmetrically, the described spine that each carefully washes dry-cleaning thorn 904 be towards described cylinder 903 outsides of carefully washing.Like this, to plastic garbage material and on the effect of knocking of the material that adheres to more even, the better effects if of separating plastic class rubbish is knocked even with separated plastics angle and location comparison simultaneously, avoid some local beating point overstocked, and the too loose situation of some local beating point occur.Can also be that described carefully to wash dry-cleaning thorn 904 longitudinal cross-sections be triangular shaped, described spine be positioned at described triangular shaped top.Carefully washing dry-cleaning thorn 904 can be that cone can be also pyramid, comprises triangular pyramid, rectangular pyramid and pentagonal pyramid etc., as long as top can form spine and beat plastics, has the effect of knocking.Further preferred technical scheme is that described spine is obliquely installed, and described spine incline direction is contrary with described cylinder 903 direction of rotation of carefully washing.The advantage arranging is like this that no matter how carefully wash cylinder 903 rotates, the incline direction of spine is all to knock towards material, realizes in maximum efficiency the bonding of separating plastic rubbish material and impurity.Simultaneously so active force of carefully washing dry-cleaning thorn 904 is maximum.Further preferred technical scheme is that described spine incline direction is with consistent towards carefully washing charging aperture 905 directions.Like this, its direction is what directly to be met to the material falling, and identical with material falling direction, smaller active force just can knock separation.Plastic bag after separation simultaneously and other impurity movement locus such as the scraps of paper and trickle earth, for dropping downwards, are carefully washed the further impurity that promotes of dry-cleaning thorn 904 and are dropped, and drive lighter plastics to raise up with it simultaneously, and separating effect is better.Can also be described carefully wash filter be arranged at described carefully wash semicylinder shape under cylinder 903 carefully wash screen cloth 907.The effect of carefully washing screen cloth 7 is that larger impurity and polybag are filtered carefully washing above screen cloth 907, waits for that carefully washing dry-cleaning thorn 904 further beats with separated.Can also be that described conveying device is belt conveyor 908.The advantage of belt conveyor 908 is that cost is low, operates steadily, and the material after delivery of filtered incessantly.Can also be that the described discharging opening 906 of carefully washing is the centrum shape that from top to bottom size reduces gradually.The effect of carefully washing discharging opening 906 is like this that discharging is more concentrated, collects and clashes into the plastic bag of carefully washing to fall from all directions after housing 902.
The method of utilizing above-mentioned domestic garbage treating system to process house refuse of the present invention: comprise the following steps: please refer to Fig. 1 to Figure 19, comprise the following steps:
A. the house refuse of needs being processed is unloaded to feeding system 7, and feeding system 7 is upwards delivered to large part separation system 5 by need house refuse material to be processed;
B. house refuse material, in the large interior sorting of part separation system 5, ticks by large part the separation of classify, and smallclothes material enters that bag breaking system 3 is interior can be abolished the polybag in this rubbish material, and the rubbish material in polybag is knocked out;
In C.B step, after broken bag, plastics are separated with the rubbish material being bonded on plastics, both mixtures enter the 4 internal classification screenings of gradation sizing system, heavier material is discharged from gradation sizing system 4 is anterior, what weight was low weight discharges from gradation sizing system 4 rear portions, material on the screen cloth of gradation sizing system 4 enters winnowing machine 6, and be transferred device 19 by the lighter material after the screening of gradation sizing least significant end, be sent to rotary screen system 11 and again sieve;
In D.C step, at gradation sizing system 4 screenings lighter rubbish material out, entering before 11 screenings of rotary screen system, front through Packing Machine 8, Packing Machine 8 is pumped into the plastics in these rubbish materials in Packing Machine 8, then the material after plastic uptake enters rotary screen system 11 screening heavier upper tank organic materials out and by conveying device 19, is delivered to house refuse hydrolysis system and is hydrolyzed, rotary screen system 11 screenings low weight plastics out together enter follow-up plastics deep processing program with the plastics materials that sucks and discharge from Packing Machine 8 and from winnowing machine 6 selection by winnowing plastics out,
After in E.D step, house refuse hydrolysis system is hydrolyzed to upper tank organic materials, waste water drains into the interior recycling of sewage recorery treatment system 12, waste gas in house refuse hydrolysis system sprays quick-fried to spraying in shot room 18, after purifying by purifying column 13, drain into the external world, the hydrolysis residue that house refuse hydrolysis system is discharged is delivered to fertilizer producing system and manufactures fertilizer again;
In F.D step, plastics deep processing operation is that Plastic rubbish enters coarse fodder dry cleaner 2 by conveying device 19 and carries out coarse fodder dry-cleaning, then in entering fines dry cleaner 9, further the refuse classification of Plastic is out delivered to the interior collection of collecting box 17 afterwards.
And the method for utilizing above-mentioned house refuse hydrolytic decomposition pot that house refuse is hydrolyzed and is processed: comprise the following steps: comprise the following steps:
A. the sealing of depressurization device, takes over the 109 house refuse materials that need to be hydrolyzed to the interior conveying of cylindrical shell 103 by charging;
B. house refuse material falls under the effect of gravity, in the process falling, fall the vertex of a cone of shunting centrum 105, and along shunting centrum 105 conical outer wall under slide to flanged head middle and lower part and be progressively accumulated to volume account for tank body 101 inner chambers volume 85%, complete feed process;
C. seal air inlet tube and start sealing device by described tank body 101 inner sealings;
D. by entering acid adapter, in tank body, add acidic catalyst, described acidic catalyst is for take the catalyst that dilute sulfuric acid is carrier, the solid ammonia working substance of catalysis in described acidic catalyst is comprised of the material of following parts by weight: ferrous sulfate 90-110 part, zinc sulfate 1-3 part, carbonic hydroammonium 8-12 part, ammonium molybdate 0.5-1.5 part, potash 3-7 part, magnesia 90-110 part, mass percent concentration is that the dilute sulfuric acid of 40-50% and the weight ratio of the solid ammonia working substance of described catalysis are that 950-1050 configuration obtains acidic catalyst, according to the ratio of house refuse material 0.5-1.5Kg per ton, according to the acidic catalyst that adds house refuse weight of material in cylindrical shell to calculate needs, also this acidic catalyst is added to the solid ammonia react that is hydrolyzed in tank body,
E. then by steam connection 111, in gas distribution pipe 106, pass into steam, when detecting the interior temperature of tank body 101, the thermometer by being connected with gauge manifold 107 with nozzle for thermometer 108 and Pressure gauge reach 150 ℃-200 ℃, when pressure reaches 0.8-1.2MPa, stop passing into steam, the hydrolysis of house refuse material is carried out in insulation for 3 hours;
F. after being hydrolyzed, the liquid that hydrolysis obtains is taken over 112 by draining and is drained into header tank by drainage arrangement, and drainage procedure is 50-70 minute, and when tank body 101 internal pressures reach 0.2-0.3MPa, drainage procedure finishes;
G. open discharging and take over 113, discharge the hydrolysis residue thing after hydrolysis.
Concrete hydrolytic process, before describe, do not repeat them here.
The technical scheme of comparative optimization is in D step, by entering acid adapter, in tank body, add acidic catalyst, described acidic catalyst is for take the catalyst that dilute sulfuric acid is carrier, the solid ammonia working substance of catalysis in described acidic catalyst is comprised of the material of following parts by weight: 100 parts, ferrous sulfate, 2 parts, zinc sulfate, 10 parts, carbonic hydroammonium, 1 part of ammonium molybdate, 5 parts, potash, 100 parts, magnesia, mass percent concentration is that the weight ratio of 49% dilute sulfuric acid and the solid ammonia working substance of described catalysis is that 1000 configurations obtain acidic catalyst, according to the ratio of house refuse material 0.5Kg per ton, according to the acidic catalyst that adds house refuse weight of material in cylindrical shell to calculate needs, also this acidic catalyst is added to the solid ammonia react that is hydrolyzed in tank body.
The method of utilizing above-mentioned domestic garbage treating system that house refuse material is hydrolyzed and is processed of the present invention, owing to adopting above-mentioned steps, advantage with respect to prior art is the processing that can complete house refuse, treatment effeciency is high, processing is complete, and whole process is complete or major part is completed by machine, safe and reliable and cost is low, the useful rubbish of classification recycle to also composting simultaneously, meet energy-conservation.
Above-mentionedly only several specific embodiments in the present invention are illustrated; but can not be as protection scope of the present invention; every equivalence variation of having done according to the design spirit in the present invention or modification or equal proportion zoom in or out etc., all should think and fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1. domestic garbage treating system, it is characterized in that: comprise the feeding system for delivery of house refuse material, large part separation system, bag breaking system, gradation sizing system, winnowing machine, Packing Machine, rotary screen system, plastics deep-processing system, house refuse hydrolysis system, sewage recorery treatment system and purifying column, described feeding system is connected with large part separation system, between described large separation system and described bag breaking system, between described bag-breaking machine and described gradation sizing system, between described gradation sizing system and described Packing Machine, all by conveying device, be connected, described gradation sizing system is connected with described winnowing machine with described rotary screen system respectively, described Packing Machine is arranged at the junction that described rotary screen system is connected by conveying device with described winnowing machine, described winnowing machine is all connected with plastics deep-processing system with described rotary screen system, described rotary screen system is communicated with house refuse hydrolysis system, described house refuse hydrolysis system bottom is communicated with spray shot room, described spray shot room is communicated with described purifying column, described house refuse hydrolysis system is connected with sewage recorery treatment system, described plastics deep-processing system comprises the coarse fodder dry cleaner connecting successively, fines dry cleaner and collecting box.
2. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: between described feeding system and described large separation system, be provided with chaff interference radio frequency and refiner, between described refiner and described large separation system, by conveying device, be connected.
3. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: between described large separation system and described bag breaking system, be provided with artificial separation chamber, between described large separation system and artificial separation chamber and between artificial separation chamber and described bag breaking system, be provided with conveying device.
4. according to the domestic garbage treating system described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described house refuse hydrolysis system is house refuse hydrolytic decomposition pot, described house refuse hydrolytic decomposition pot comprises the tank body of preserving and sealing and is arranged at the external adapter assembly on described tank body, described tank body top is provided with sealing device, described tank body comprises the upper cover being tightly connected successively from top to bottom, cylindrical shell and flanged conical head, in described cylindrical shell and described flanged conical head, be provided with shunting centrum, the vertex of a cone of described shunting centrum is positioned at described cylindrical shell bottom, the bottom of described shunting centrum contacts with described flanged conical head middle part, in described cylindrical shell and described flanged conical head, be arranged with gas distribution pipe, described external adapter assembly comprises the gauge manifold being connected with Pressure gauge, with temperature gauge linked nozzle for thermometer, the safety valve connecting pipe being connected with exhaust-valve, the charging that material bin connects is taken over, the steam connection being connected with jet chimney, the draining being connected with drainage arrangement is taken over, the discharging being connected with discharging bin is taken over, take over and the emptying adapter being connected with exhaust apparatus with the tank connected cloth acid of acidic catalyst, described steam connection is communicated with described gas distribution pipe.
5. according to the domestic garbage treating system described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described coarse fodder dry cleaner comprises slightly washes support, be arranged on and slightly wash slightly washing housing and being arranged at the rotatable cylinder of slightly washing of slightly washing in housing on support, describedly slightly wash housing and described slightly washing forms space between cylinder, described slightly washing is disposed with at least ten rows and slightly washes dry-cleaning thorn on cylinder outer wall, described housing upper surface one side of slightly washing is provided with and slightly washes charging aperture, described slightly washing on housing opposite side lower surface is provided with and slightly washes discharging opening, described slightly washing under cylinder is provided with and slightly washes filter, describedly be provided with conveying device under slightly washing filter, the described top of slightly washing dry-cleaning thorn is spine.
6. according to the domestic garbage treating system described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described bag breaking system is bag-breaking machine, described bag-breaking machine comprises broken bag support, be arranged on the broken bag housing on broken bag support and be arranged at the rotatable broken bag cylinder in broken bag housing, between described broken bag housing and described broken bag cylinder, form space, on described broken bag cylinder outer wall, be equipped with at least ten row's steel whip groups, every row's steel whip group has five steel whips at least, described broken bag case top is provided with broken bag charging aperture, on described broken bag housing bottom, be provided with broken bag discharging opening, described broken bag cylinder is connected with drive unit.
7. according to the domestic garbage treating system described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described gradation sizing system is the rotary screen with counterflow unit, the described rotary screen with counterflow unit comprises drum-type sieve nest, described sieve nest upper front end is refluence cylinder charging aperture, described sieve nest front end bottom is refluence cylinder heavy burder discharging opening, described sieve nest front center is communicated with ventilation unit, described sieve nest is rotatable to be erected on refluence cylinder support body, described sieve nest rear end lower is that refluence cylinder is gently expected discharging opening, described cylinder sieve nest is anterior is refluence district, described refluence is disposed with at least three counterflow units in district, the front end height of described counterflow unit is less than the height of described rear end.
8. according to the domestic garbage treating system described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described large separation system comprises large part separator, described large separator comprises sorting support, be erected at sorting housing and the rotatable separating cylinder being arranged in described sorting housing on described sorting support, between described separating cylinder and described sorting housing, leave space, space between described separating cylinder and described sorting housing left side wall is greater than the space between described separating cylinder and described sorting housing right side wall, on described separating cylinder, along separating cylinder outer wall, extend axially and be provided with at least five row's steel hooks, often drain into rare five steel hooks, described sorting case top right side is provided with sorting charging aperture, the coupler body front end of described steel hook is crooked towards discharging opening direction counterclockwise, and sorting housing bottom right side is provided with sorting smallclothes discharging opening, described sorting housing bottom left side is provided with large discharging opening of sorting, described sorting charging aperture top, large discharging opening below of described sorting and sorting smallclothes discharging opening below are equipped with the conveying device for delivery of material, described separating cylinder is connected with drive unit.
9. according to the domestic garbage treating system described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described winnowing machine comprises selection by winnowing support and is erected at rotatable wind-sorting drum on selection by winnowing support and the selection by winnowing that is erected on selection by winnowing support is divided feed bin and air-supply arrangement, described selection by winnowing sub-material position in storehouse is in described wind-sorting drum rear end, the central shaft of described wind-sorting drum is downward-sloping from front to back, described wind-sorting drum is the horn body shape that diameter increases gradually from front to back, the front portion of described wind-sorting drum is provided with selection by winnowing charging aperture, described selection by winnowing divides the anterior bottom of feed bin to be provided with the collection mouthful of selection by winnowing heavy burder, described selection by winnowing divides bottom, feed bin rear portion to be provided with selection by winnowing gently to expect to collect mouthful, described air-supply arrangement divides feed bin to be communicated with described wind-sorting drum and/or selection by winnowing.
10. according to the domestic garbage treating system described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described feeding system comprise be positioned between skip car for capturing grab bucket and the feeder of rubbish material, described feeder comprises that material loading support and tilting rack are located at described material loading support upper conveyor, the center line of described conveying device and horizontal plane angle are greater than 15 degree and are less than 45 °, described conveying device lower end is provided with material loading hopper, and described conveying device bottom is positioned at material loading hopper.
11. according to the domestic garbage treating system described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described Packing Machine comprises airtight plastic uptake collecting bin, suction pipeline, air-suction duct and for extracting the plastic uptake blower fan of air in collecting bin, described suction pipeline one end is provided with plastic uptake material sucking port, described plastic uptake material sucking port is positioned at the rubbish material top of conveying, the other end of described suction pipeline passes in described airtight plastic uptake collecting bin, one end of described air-suction duct is connected with described plastic uptake blower fan, the other end of described air-suction duct passes in the plastic uptake collecting bin of described sealing, the bottom of described plastic uptake collecting bin is provided with closes wind discharger, the described wind discharger that closes is that the horizontally disposed plastic uptake that is equipped with up and down the plastic uptake cylinder wall of opening and the sealing collecting bin of setting and plastic uptake cylinder wall central authorities closes fan blade, described plastic uptake closes fan blade and comprises at least three isolated blades that rotate around rotating shaft, described isolated blade radially extends from plastic uptake cylinder wall central shaft, the identical setting of adjacent described isolated blade angle, described isolated blade is divided at least trisection by described plastic uptake cylinder, between described isolated blade, form cavity, the end of described isolated blade contacts with plastic uptake cylinder wall, described plastic uptake cylinder wall lower end is plastic uptake discharging opening, between described isolated blade, angle is greater than the angle of cylinder opening.
12. according to the domestic garbage treating system described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described fines dry cleaner comprises carefully washes support, be arranged on and carefully wash carefully washing housing and being arranged at the rotatable cylinder of carefully washing of carefully washing in housing on support, describedly carefully wash housing and described carefully washing forms space between cylinder, described carefully washing is disposed with at least ten rows and carefully washes dry-cleaning thorn on cylinder outer wall, described housing top one side of carefully washing is provided with and carefully washes charging aperture, described carefully washing on housing opposite side top is provided with and carefully washes discharging opening, the described cylinder of carefully washing is carefully washed one end that discharging opening is relative and is equipped with at least three and carefully washes fan leaf with described, described carefully washing under cylinder is provided with and carefully washes filter, describedly be provided with conveying device under carefully washing filter, the described top of carefully washing dry-cleaning thorn is spine.
13. methods of utilizing the domestic garbage treating system described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 to process house refuse: comprise the following steps:
A. the house refuse of needs being processed is unloaded to feeding system, and feeding system is upwards delivered to large part separation system by need house refuse material to be processed;
B. house refuse material sorting in large part separation system, ticks by large part the separation of classifying, and smallclothes material enters in bag breaking system the polybag in this rubbish material can be abolished, and the rubbish material in polybag is knocked out;
In C.B step, after broken bag, plastics are separated with the rubbish material being bonded on plastics, both mixtures enter the screening of gradation sizing system internal classification, heavier material is discharged from gradation sizing system is anterior, what weight was low weight discharges from gradation sizing system rear portion, material on the screen cloth of gradation sizing system enters winnowing machine, and be transferred device by the lighter material after the screening of gradation sizing least significant end, be sent to rotary screen system and again sieve;
The lighter rubbish material that sieves out in gradation sizing system in D.C step is entering before the screening of rotary screen system, front through Packing Machine, Packing Machine is pumped into the plastics in these rubbish materials in Packing Machine, then the material after plastic uptake enters heavier upper tank organic materials that rotary screen system sieves out and by conveying device, is delivered to house refuse hydrolysis system and is hydrolyzed, the low weight plastics that rotary screen system sieves out together enter follow-up plastics deep processing program with the plastics materials that sucks from Packing Machine and discharge and from winnowing machine selection by winnowing plastics out,
In E.D step, house refuse hydrolysis system is hydrolyzed after solid ammonia react to upper tank organic materials, waste water drains into recycling in sewage recorery treatment system, waste gas in house refuse hydrolysis system sprays quick-fried to spraying in shot room, after purifying by purifying column, drain into the external world, the hydrolysis residue that house refuse hydrolysis system is discharged is delivered to fertilizer producing system and manufactures fertilizer again;
In F.D step, plastics deep processing operation is that Plastic rubbish enters coarse fodder dry cleaner by conveying device and carries out coarse fodder dry-cleaning, then in entering fines dry cleaner, further the refuse classification of Plastic is out delivered in collecting box and is collected afterwards.
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Cited By (6)

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