CN202667119U - Household garbage recycling classificator - Google Patents

Household garbage recycling classificator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202667119U
CN202667119U CN 201220350654 CN201220350654U CN202667119U CN 202667119 U CN202667119 U CN 202667119U CN 201220350654 CN201220350654 CN 201220350654 CN 201220350654 U CN201220350654 U CN 201220350654U CN 202667119 U CN202667119 U CN 202667119U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel structure
structure body
household garbage
cylinder
rolling drum
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220350654
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘志孟
刘子光
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Hebei Glory Environmental Protection Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Individual
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN 201220350654 priority Critical patent/CN202667119U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202667119U publication Critical patent/CN202667119U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a household garbage recycling classificator which comprises a steel structure body. A feed inlet is disposed above the steel structure body. A discharge outlet is disposed on one side of the steel structure body. A rolling drum is arranged below the feed inlet. The rolling drum is provided with spiral cutter teeth. A drum cover is arranged above the rolling drum. A sieve bottom is arranged below the rolling drum. A bearing is arranged at the axle center of the rolling drum and is connected with a motor through a belt, and the motor is arranged on one side of the steel structure body. A funnel is arranged below the sieve bottom. The household garbage recycling classificator can effectively carry out screening household garbage in bag-breaking mode, separates non-recoverable materials from recoverable plastic, and improves plastic recovery rate in a household garbage disposal system.

Description

House refuse reclaims refiner
Technical field
The utility model relates to the garbage reclamation processing technology field, especially relates to one way of life garbage reclamation refiner.
Background technology
At present, according to incompletely statistics, the rubbish of China is stored up appropriation of land and is surpassed about 750,000 mu, and annual economic loss is up to several hundred million units.As by making for each person every year 440 kilograms of calculating of rubbish, domestic waste is annual above 200,000,000 tons.Existing trash processing way comprise landwards jettison, to river ocean dumping, landfill, compost, incineration and recycling etc.
Current, most of garbage disposal accounts for more than 70% of whole treating capacities take landfill as main.The method is adopted in most garbage disposals of world's majority state, particularly undeveloped country.Be characterized in: construction and operating cost are lower, simple to operate, and treating capacity is large.But also exist a lot of drawbacks: the one, take a large amount of soils, the addressing difficulty, and the expense of dialling height is levied in the soil; The 2nd, waste a large amount of rubbish and include resource, artificially rubbish is turned to " resource that can not increase, the immense amount of treasure of throwing away ", do not reach the recycling treatment demand; The 3rd, environmental pollution is serious, mostly do not reach the requirement of sanitary landfills because of existing landfill yard construction, bacterium thing in the rubbish constantly oozes drop downwards, soil and water quality have been polluted, and along with the increase of accumulating amount and the continuity of time, pollute to periphery and underground deep layer diffusion, left troubles to thousand, poison, odour that rubbish distributes are dispersed towards periphery, form aerial, peripheral, underground stereo pollution.Although, many developed countries and some more flourishing urban construction of China minority " sanitary filling field ", reduced some and polluted, the problem of environmental pollution that causes owing to technical imperfection is still a lot, can not tackle the problem at its root.
Composting process is exactly with the rubbish after the sorting by fermentation and biochemical treatment, makes compoiste fertilizer or " many strain bios are fertile ".The main drawback of this method: the one, the compost treatment ability is less, can not satisfy increasing garbage disposal requirement; Two to lead floor space large, the waste liquor contamination surrounding enviroment that rubbish oozes out in processing procedure; The 3rd, the product scope of application is subject to certain limitation, and economic benefit is not good, can cause Heavy metal pollution of soil and rubbish, scorification, sand simultaneously, can not adapt to new agricultural production rhythm and custom, and composting technology is difficult to obtain spread.
The burning disposal method is a kind of technology that municipal refuse is carried out the high temeperature chemistry processing, and through burning disposal, the bacterium in the rubbish, virus can thoroughly be eliminated, and various foul gas obtain pyrolytic, the treated rear discharging up to standard of the pernicious gas in the flue gas.Burning method is to realize at present one of the most effective means of garbage harmless, minimizing and recycling treatment.The advantage of burning method: take up an area few; Subtract appearance, decrement successful, volume, weight can taper to respectively original 8%~12% and 25%~40%; Burning is thorough, rapid to garbage disposal, and residue secondary pollution danger is less; The heat generating that utilizes incineration firing to produce, residue can be done the building materials utilization.But facts have proved that its drawback is also more obvious: the one, investment is large, and operating cost is high; The 2nd, the calorific value that burns rubbish has certain requirement, must mix combustion-supporting fuel; The 3rd, the waste gas pollution control and treatment difficulty of burning is large, and expense is high, deals with improperly, and the dioxin that produces of burning away the refuse is with serious environment pollution.
Get the paces quickening along with industrialization drives urbanization, rubbish increases sharply, in case the problem of " garbage-surrounded city " occurs, will make the city paralysis, causes social crisis, and waste control has become irreversible worldwide trend.Above-mentioned several treating method for urban garbage although solved the processing problem of some rubbish, all exists certain drawback, from, minimizing innoxious to the rubbish implementation, recycling treatment, turn harm into good, comprehensive utilization also has a certain distance, does not all thoroughly solve the harm that house refuse is brought.Current garbage reclamation treatment process mainly contains following three kinds:
1, directly rubbish is carried out artificial primary election, screen again and artificial separation;
2, first rubbish is carried out broken bag and process, screen again and artificial separation;
3, first broken bag is processed, and broken bag is processed and simultaneously the bulk materials in the house refuse carried out selective crushing and sorting, sieves and artificial separation again.
The municipal refuse of China mixes packed collection take domestic garbage as main, and water content height, complicated component, structural change are large, inhomogeneous, and wherein recyclable composition is maximum with plastic content.External city domestic refuse plastic method for separating has the several different methods such as light choosing, electric separation, pneumatic separating, density separation, water conservancy cyclone sorting, flotation.Light selects important sorting for block plastics, slice plastic and the black plastic of unsuitable graded shot plastics and thin thickness; Water conservancy cyclone sorting and flotation all belong to the wet separation method; Electric separation is too high to humidity and the granularity requirements of sorting material, and structure is complicated; The pneumatic separating rate is too low.China starts late for the separating plastic technology in the domestic waste, and the conventional garbage treatment facility generally has following shortcoming:
1, refuse classification classification purity, accuracy are low.Because the rubbish of China is to mix packed collection, prior art does not reach requirement to various refuse classifications, cause most of recycling resource to be sent to next procedure, the refuse classification that affects also is the greatest problem that mainly causes sorted recycling resource residual buildup, sales difficulty.
2, the various complexity of equipment operation, cost are high, production efficiency is low.Because scientific and technical content is limited, cause complex treatment process, number of devices is many, cost is too high, production efficiency does not catch up with.
3, the recycling resource yields poorly.Because prior art equipment refuse classification technology is low, cause most of refuse plastic resource loss during equipment work, the separating plastic of 70-80% not out, plastic reclaimed granulation output just reaches 10-15%, causes simultaneously plastic granulating finished product impurity to affect too much the later stage and sells.
And, because treatment facility can not effectively be classified rubbish, cause under the part pollution sources landfill, cause certain water quality and soil pollution.According to statistics, nearly 1,000,000 tons of the annual waste or used plastics that produces of China, account for 70% of plastics output, and because the defective of existing recovery and processing system design, the plastics recovery rate only reaches 10%-15%, the waste or used plastics generation is so big and the rate of recovery is so low, brings great waste to social resources.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides one way of life garbage reclamation refiner, can be effectively carry out the broken bag screening to house refuse, and wherein not recyclable materials is separated with recyclable plastics, improves the plastics recovery rate in the domestic garbage treating system.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides one way of life garbage reclamation refiner, comprise steel structure body, described steel structure body top is provided with charging aperture, described steel structure body one side is provided with discharging opening, described charging aperture below is provided with cylinder, described cylinder is provided with cutter tooth, described cylinder top is provided with barrel cover, described cylinder below is provided with at the bottom of the gong, the place, axle center of described cylinder is provided with bearing, and described bearing links to each other with the motor that is provided with described steel structure body one side by belt, and the side is provided with funnel under the described gong.
Preferably, described cylinder is provided with fan blade.
Therefore, the utility model adopts the house refuse of said structure to reclaim refiner, can effectively carry out the broken bag screening to house refuse, and wherein not recyclable materials is separated with recyclable plastics, improves the plastics recovery rate in the domestic garbage treating system.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the utility model house refuse reclaims refiner embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the utility model house refuse reclaims the cylinder among the refiner embodiment;
Fig. 3 is that the utility model house refuse reclaims the structural representation at the bottom of the gong among the embodiment of refiner;
Fig. 4 is the plan structure schematic diagram at the bottom of the utility model house refuse reclaims gong among the refiner embodiment.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the utility model house refuse reclaims refiner embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, house refuse reclaims refiner and comprises steel structure body 1, steel structure body 1 top is provided with charging aperture 2, steel structure body 1 one sides are provided with discharging opening 3, charging aperture 3 belows are provided with cylinder 4, cylinder 4 is provided with spiral cutter teeth 5, cylinder 4 tops are provided with barrel cover 6, cylinder 4 belows are provided with at the bottom of the gong 7, the place, axle center of cylinder 4 is provided with bearing 8, and bearing 8 links to each other with the motor 9 that is provided with steel structure body 1 one sides by belt, and 7 belows are provided with funnel 10 at the bottom of the gong.When equipment is in running order, motor 9 drives cylinder and rotates, reclaim refiner from charging aperture 2 house refuse of entering under the effect of the conveyer of pending rubbish in a whole set of domestic garbage treating system, pending rubbish drops on the cylinder 4 of High Rotation Speed, contact with spiral cutter teeth 5, by the fragment of brick of plastics or other material packaging bags parcel, stone or woodwork etc. are cut open by spiral cutter teeth, spiral cutter teeth 5 adopts strand chi cutter broken bag, the broken bag rate can reach 100%, Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the utility model house refuse reclaims refiner embodiment intermediate roll, cylinder 4 is provided with fan blade 41, wind environment during the operation of raising equipment, with the rubbish fan-out after rejecting, improve the operating efficiency of equipment.The rubbish such as fragment of brick, stone or woodwork see through at the bottom of the gong funnel 10 that 7 mesh and below thereof be provided with and fall on the conveyer, and the picking platform that is transported in a whole set of domestic garbage treating system by conveyer carries out manual screening.7 mesh is rectangle at the bottom of the gong of house refuse recovery refiner, and Fig. 3 is that the utility model house refuse reclaims the structural representation at the bottom of the gong among the refiner embodiment.Mesh at the bottom of the tradition gong is circular, when cylinder 4 during at High Rotation Speed, the a little bigger a little plastics package of volume just gets lodged on the mesh easily, form the blind area, cause the rubbish such as fragment of brick, stone or woodwork to fall into funnel 10 by mesh, affect the plastics recovery rate, and the rectangle mesh can satisfactorily resolve this problem, eliminate the garbage disposal blind area, improve the plastics recovery rate.Fig. 4 is that the utility model house refuse reclaims the plan structure schematic diagram at the bottom of the gong among the refiner embodiment.The equal capable of regulating of the upper-lower position of present embodiment intermediate roll, avoid because of at the bottom of the gong and cutter tooth cause along with wearing and tearing appear in the long-term use of equipment that spacing increases the plastics recovery efficient situation on the low side that occurs between the two.
In order to improve the plastics recovery efficient of whole domestic garbage treating system, can in whole domestic garbage treating system, add a plurality of house refuses and reclaim refiner, only need the aperture at the bottom of each house refuse recovery refiner gong is set as different sizes, can improve the organic efficiency to the plastic garbage of different volumes size.
Therefore, the utility model adopts the house refuse of said structure to reclaim refiner, can effectively carry out the broken bag screening to house refuse, and wherein not recyclable materials is separated with recyclable plastics, improves the plastics recovery rate in the domestic garbage treating system.
It should be noted that at last: above embodiment is only in order to the technical solution of the utility model to be described but not limit it, although with reference to preferred embodiment the utility model is had been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be made amendment or be equal to replacement the technical solution of the utility model, and these modifications or be equal to replacement and also can not make amended technical scheme break away from the spirit and scope of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (2)

1. one way of life garbage reclamation refiner, it is characterized in that: comprise steel structure body, described steel structure body top is provided with charging aperture, and described steel structure body one side is provided with discharging opening, and described charging aperture below is provided with cylinder, described cylinder is provided with cutter tooth, described cylinder top is provided with barrel cover, and described cylinder below is provided with at the bottom of the gong, and the place, axle center of described cylinder is provided with bearing, described bearing links to each other with the motor that is provided with described steel structure body one side by belt, and the side is provided with funnel under the described gong.
2. domestic garbage treating system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cylinder is provided with fan blade.
CN 201220350654 2012-07-10 2012-07-10 Household garbage recycling classificator Expired - Fee Related CN202667119U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220350654 CN202667119U (en) 2012-07-10 2012-07-10 Household garbage recycling classificator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220350654 CN202667119U (en) 2012-07-10 2012-07-10 Household garbage recycling classificator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202667119U true CN202667119U (en) 2013-01-16

Family

ID=47488052

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220350654 Expired - Fee Related CN202667119U (en) 2012-07-10 2012-07-10 Household garbage recycling classificator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202667119U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104401558A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-11 四川洪春福环保设备有限公司 Garbage bag breaking system
CN107377141A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-11-24 龚亚强 A kind of domestic waste sorting device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104401558A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-11 四川洪春福环保设备有限公司 Garbage bag breaking system
CN107377141A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-11-24 龚亚强 A kind of domestic waste sorting device

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170621

Address after: 071100 Liu village, Yang Town, Qingyuan District, Hebei, Baoding

Patentee after: Hebei glory environmental protection equipment manufacturing Co., Ltd.

Address before: 071000, Baoding City, Hebei province Qingyuan County town of Liu Yang Industrial Zone command

Patentee before: Liu Zhimeng

TR01 Transfer of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130116

Termination date: 20210710

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee