CN101716586B - Module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device - Google Patents

Module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101716586B
CN101716586B CN2009101984295A CN200910198429A CN101716586B CN 101716586 B CN101716586 B CN 101716586B CN 2009101984295 A CN2009101984295 A CN 2009101984295A CN 200910198429 A CN200910198429 A CN 200910198429A CN 101716586 B CN101716586 B CN 101716586B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveying belt
automatic conveying
collecting box
domestic waste
winnowing
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009101984295A
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CN101716586A (en
Inventor
俞嘉胜
刘金菊
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Shanghai Bili Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Bili Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Publication of CN101716586A publication Critical patent/CN101716586A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention discloses a module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device which comprises a box body and also comprises a domestic waste feeding section, a broken bag winnowing section, a magnetic separating section, a water content sorting section and an organic matter section which are arranged in the box body. The box body is externally provided with different domestic waste collecting boxes which correspond to all the sections; the domestic waste feeding section is provided with a domestic waste inlet and an automatic conveying belt which is arrange at the bottom of the domestic waste inlet; the broken bag winnowing section is provided with a knife-type multipurpose roller screen, a domestic waste hopper, an automatic conveying belt and a winnowing machine which is arranged on the side part of the broken bag winnowing section; the magnetic separating section is provided with a magnetic separator and an automatic conveying belt; the tail end of the automatic conveying belt in the broken bag winnowing section extends to the top of the magnetic separator; the water content sorting section comprises a slide plate and water tanks which are connected in sequence by pipes and are used for separating solid from liquid; the organic matter section comprises a water tank and an automatic conveying belt, wherein the water tank is connected with the water tank in the water content sorting section by pipes, and the automatic conveying belt is used for conveying the domestic waste to the domestic waste collecting boxes. The module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device has novel structure, adopts the totally-sealed Module-assembly type and is convenient to install and transport.

Description

Module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the refuse disposal system field, particularly a kind of module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device of full-automatic totally enclosed type modular assembly type.
Background technology
The present garbage treatment situation of China: along with The development in society and economy, the output of house refuse is also increasing year by year.According to statistics, in the annual 4.9 hundred million tons of rubbish that produce in the whole world, Chinese city has accounted for 1.4 hundred million tons.Chinese city sanitary fill amount over the years has been occupied more than 500,000,000 square metre soil up to 6,600,000,000 tons, and the annual growth rate of showing greatly about 8% increases progressively.The city of China existing 2/3 sinks among the rubbish encirclement.More alarmingly be, in state-owned 1/4 city developed into not have and be fit to the stage that so many rubbish can be stacked in the place.Urban human have to extend to the rural area to the approach that solves the municipal refuse crisis.Only account for 2.3% of total amount owing to include the domestic waste of implement handling in, remaining 97.7% municipal refuse can't be handled, and can only pile up.Rubbish has become the most urgent problem that Chinese city faces.The rubbish that pile up like a mountain has not only polluted environment, and the people healthy caused serious threat.Expert's prophesy: the mankind develop the economy to sacrifice living environment now, and the descendants must pay hundred times economy redemption living environment in the future!
The main method of present domestic garbage disposal:
(1) landfill: garbage loading embeading has caused the serious waste of resource.Floor space is big, service time is short, about general ten years, holding time is long, can't utilize in 100 years again; Rubbish behind the landfill causes severe contamination to soil, underground water, atmosphere, and its reality harm and potential hazard are especially in continuous increase.
(2) burn: burning and burning electricity generation cause the organic matter secondary to stack pollution.Waste incineration process severe contamination atmosphere is handled this type of toxic gas, and operating cost is very expensive again, does not tally with the national condition.
Compost is piled up seriously polluted, and the severe contamination surrounding enviroment bring very big hidden danger for local health and epidemic prevention.Organic matter degradation is not thorough, handles insufficiently, and residue still can cause refuse pollution.The long-term composting production that uses can cause the soil surface deposition, destroys soil, harms the crops.
In sum; The present domestic rubbish disposal technology of China is in low level basically; Be difficult to realize innoxious, the resource of garbage disposal; Let alone industrialization, in the construction of the new rural area of Chinese society doctrine, conservation-minded society and in the socio-economic development afterwards, will become restraining factors.
Existing common comprehensive refuse treatment plant is bulky usually, and transportation is very inconvenient, and the overwhelming majority all will build factory building, increase deodorizing equipment, carries out integrated treatment again.Like the large-scale domestic rubbish disposal equipment of Shanghai Pudong Cao Lu town US business international investment, and the comprehensive treatment equipment of Shanghai Jiang Qiao consumer waste filling and embedding burning, all be that investment surpasses hundred million RMB, but all can't solve secondary pollution problem.
And build supporting factory building 1000-2000m at least according to described comprehensive refuse treatment plant 2, 8,000,000 yuan-1,600 ten thousand yuan of costs; Must join and add 8,000,000 yuan of odor removals, the resource reutilization rate has only about 45%; Landfill, burning cost 65-240 per ton unit, the cost cost is high, and can't solve secondary pollution, can't solve heavy metal pollution and can't refine fertilizer, usually handles together all rubbish, and resource utilization is not high.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the defective of prior art, the present invention provides a kind of module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device, low cost of manufacture, and the resource reutilization rate is high behind the sorting rubbish, organic matter heavy metal free pollution risk after the sorting, the complete equipment operation cost is low.
Technical scheme of the present invention is described below:
Module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device; The feed zone that is connected successively in comprising casing and being arranged on casing, a broken bag selection by winnowing section, magnetic separation section, moisture selections, organic matter section and be arranged on the sorting water channel of each section; The supporting deodoration system that is provided with of said sorting water channel; It and sorting water channel are integrated settings in advance, therefore needn't increase odor removal in addition separately, have reduced cost.
Said casing is made up of the container body modularization, adopts fully closed profile, and closed processing is carried out in the refuse classification zone, has effectively utilized the space, has saved the soil, and maintaining equipments is convenient, can place in the open.
The corresponding collecting box of collecting dissimilar rubbish that is provided with in the casing outside of said feed zone, broken bag selection by winnowing section, magnetic separation section, moisture selections and organic matter section;
Said feed zone is provided with garbage inlet and first automatic conveying belt that is positioned at the garbage inlet bottom;
But said broken bag selection by winnowing section is provided with cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen, rubbish funnel, second automatic conveying belt of circumference rotation and is arranged on brokenly the winnowing machine of bag selection by winnowing section sidepiece; Automatic conveying belt end in the said feed zone extends to the feed end of said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen; Said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen inner surface is furnished with the blade that is used for broken refuse bag, roll scraper plate that rubbish makes it to rotate and the sieve aperture that part rubbish is spilt; The openend of said rubbish funnel is arranged on the below of the sieve aperture of said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen, and the bottom of rubbish funnel is arranged on the top of the initiating terminal of second automatic conveying belt;
Said magnetic separation section is provided with magnetic separator and the 3rd automatic conveying belt, and the end of the 3rd automatic conveying belt in the above-mentioned broken bag selection by winnowing section extends to said magnetic separator top, and the initiating terminal of said the 3rd automatic conveying belt is positioned at the below of said magnetic separator;
Said moisture selections comprise slide carriage and are connected first water tank, second water tank and the three-tank that is used for Separation of Solid and Liquid through pipeline successively; The casing outside correspondence of moisture selections is provided with the 6th collecting box, and said slide carriage is arranged at the end of the 3rd automatic conveying belt in the said magnetic separation section.
Said organic matter section comprise with the moisture selections in the 4th water tank that is connected through pipeline of three-tank, four selfs moving conveyer belt, the 5th automatic conveying belt and the 6th automatic conveying belt, the casing outside correspondence of organic matter section is provided with the 7th collecting box, the 8th collecting box, the 9th collecting box and the tenth collecting box.
Also be provided with in the organic matter section and cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen, winnowing machine; Magnetic separator, the automatic control system that first automatic conveying belt, second automatic conveying belt, the 3rd automatic conveying belt, the moving conveyer belt of four selfs, the 5th automatic conveying belt are connected with the equal circuit of the 6th automatic conveying belt.
Said feed zone is full-automatic feed system, and feed zone is provided with first automatic conveying belt, rubbish is sent to the cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen of next stage through said first automatic conveying belt.
Broken bag selection by winnowing section; But comprise the cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen that circumference 360 degree rotate; Said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen carries out rotation under the drive of motor; Continuously rubbish is removed sand through the sorting water channel water spray cleaning dedusting of configuration, and the soft bar that falls down from drum screen owing to deadweight from the high-altitude falls into the driving-belt on the said sorting water channel, sends into corresponding soft bar rubbish second collecting box through said driving-belt.And dust that sub-elects and silt are used for backfilling of earthwork after collecting, and efficient resource is utilized again.
Said magnetic separation section is connected between said broken bag selection by winnowing section and moisture selections; Be provided with screen cloth through said moisture selections; Isolate small-sized weights such as rubble, glass collects as a type through screen cloth; The old and useless battery that people use just is collected into this type, thereby battery is got rid of from house refuse fully.Large and heavy objects needs the manual sorting of minute quantity except that assembling thing and part particular matter, generally collects through being broken into small-sized weight at disintegrating machine.
The magnetic separation section is provided with magnetic separator, and said magnetic separator isolates metal miscellaneous to the 3rd collecting box from weight, makes valuable metal be able to utilize again.
Said moisture selections comprise slide carriage and first water tank that is connected through pipeline, second water tank and three-tank; The end of the 3rd automatic conveying belt in said slide carriage and the magnetic separation section is connected mutually; Residue rubbish in the house refuse process magnetic separation section after the magnetic separation transfers to said slide carriage through said the 3rd automatic conveying belt again; Sorting once more, the foreign material that sub-elect are transported to the 6th corresponding collecting box.
Through after the moisture selections with foreign material such as the dust silt in the rubbish, soft bar, metal species material and other weights from progressively sub-electing; Dissolving in the water is most of organic matter, and the rubbish that will contain large amount of organic through water tank and the pipeline that links to each other transfers to the organic matter section.
Said organic matter section is carried out Separation of Solid and Liquid earlier to the organic matter that dissolves in the water; Organic matter behind the moisture will go out again through crusher in crushing; Manufacture fertilizer through corresponding organic matter treatment facility then; It is existing very mature technique that organic matter in the house refuse is manufactured fertilizer, can cooperate any fertilizer production system, produces high-quality, does not have the fertilizer of impurity fully.
Be arranged on the sorting water channel that runs through whole flow process of each section, can the weight thing be separated, light thing swims in the sorting shunting water surface, sub-elects through above-mentioned rotary screen and delivers to corresponding light thing collecting box; Weight then sinks under water, and collects through the weight collecting box is corresponding then.
Through above-mentioned each level system of domestic rubbish disposal equipment, make former life refuse classification go out following component:
(1) organic constituents: rubbish is through after the said organic matter section, and 90% organic matter will reclaim separately in the rubbish, and the average diameter of its particle is less than 5cm,, contain weight such as rubble, glass, metal and other heavy foreign material in the said organic matter anything but; Oil content and other chemical composition contents are no more than 1-2% in the organic matter; Organic matter content of beary metal after the extraction is very little; National standard GB172-1987 requirement fully; And said organic matter is manufactured fertilizer is existing mature technology, can cooperate any fertilizer production system, produces high-quality, does not have the fertilizer of impurity fully.
(2) plastics class component:,, can carry out the rough segmentation and the segmentation of plastics according to the adjustment that the wet concentration passage is collected mouth through the plastics class component that apparatus of the present invention sub-elect.
Collecting mouth when the wet concentration passage is 7-8, can plastics be divided into following several types: Bottle & Can box class, soft plastic film class, hard plastic film class, flat class.
Collect mouth when the wet concentration passage and be transferred to 2-3, can cooperate incinerator to use plastics overall separation from rubbish;
Each plastics class outlet, our sorting index remains on more than 95%, no weight, no organic matter;
The cleannes that plastics are collected remain on more than 90%, only contain the dust dust and sand of minute quantity.
Plastic substance is the material that does not absorb water basically, can adopt the compression dewatering type that moisture content is got rid of fully.
(3) the heavy substance component is separated classification: this part is divided into several exits collects, and below is recovering state and classification analysis:
Dust silt classification: apparatus of the present invention can be less than the dust of 4mm and silt class as centralized collection to greatest extent in system; Collection process is under airtight fully situation, to carry out; Whole running zone does not have dust and foul smell; This type material can return the earth, does not advance landfill yard, can not pollute environment.
Small-sized weight: said small-sized weight is meant that volume collects as a type less than 60 cubic metres weight, and battery is the key link of handling in the small-sized weight, and the battery in the rubbish is mainly got rid of in the collection of this type weight, effectively it is isolated.
The collection of metal species: said metal species mainly attracts to reclaim the weight metal of diameter less than 300mm through magnetic separator;
Large and heavy objects is collected: said large and heavy objects mainly is meant diameter greater than the weight of 300mm less than 600mm, can't broken object in shattering process like brick and tile stone etc.And diameter is directly transported through the manual sorting and can be separated through screen cloth greater than the object of 600mm.
(4) foreign material part: what the collection of said foreign material part was adopted is diversified collection mode; Basically divide class such as soft, hard, large and small, dried, wet to collect respectively; Be provided with corresponding a plurality of foreign material according to this criteria for classification and collect outlet; The multiple exit polymorphic type is collected in and has produced great advantage on the follow-up finalization process, reclaims or landfill disposal so that utilize.
Technology grading principle of the present invention and process are described below:
House refuse at first is transported to the garbage inlet in the feed zone, through the automatic conveying belt below the garbage inlet said house refuse is transferred to brokenly cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen in the bag selection by winnowing section.Said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen major function comprises brokenly bag, screens out artificial separation again after collecting such as tiny silt, the soft bar that sub-elects and large stretch of paper, and a part is recycled, and another part is sent into rubber fuel RDF storage.
Said cutter formula multipurpose barrel sieves isolated silt and gets into the husky pond of dirt, is regularly discharged by sand pump.
The hard thing of the above-mentioned ultra-large type that sub-elects is sent into rubber fuel RDF storage through conveyer, and diameter is all seen off by the conveyer of its underpart less than 300 millimeters rubbish.
After light thing sorting, get into full-automatic water classification processing operation; High-Pressure Water in the flushing cisterns of water channel front end breaks up rubbish; Rubbish after flushing gets into the weight collecting box to carry out the weight thing and separates, and utilizes water to float effect, and the classification that the weight sorter carries out large and small weight is taken and delivered to weight out of with sinking rapidly; Said big weight comprises ratchel, big part foreign material and ferrous metal; The smallclothes weight comprises battery, finger stone and non-ferrous metal, and wherein ferrous metal utilizes magnetic separator to separate with vortex sorting machine respectively with non-ferrous metal, and the rubbish of process weight separator box gets into the sorting water channel with water; Carry out repeatedly sorting, be followed successively by: organic matter sorting, medium-sized foreign material sorting, light thing sorting and flexible film sorting.
For reducing the specification processing system water consumption and reducing the floor space of sewage disposal system, the sewage of categorizing system discharging is looked pollution level draw back to foul water tank, recycle after replenishing proper amount of clear water.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, full-automatic, totally-enclosed modular assembly type, it is integrated to carry nano deodorized system and equipment, and the house generator system, need not other interpolation; Floor space is little, and installation and transportation, maintaining are all quite convenient.
Particularly; Fundamentally solved harmful effect and the consequence of traditional life trash processing way such as landfill burning to the secondary pollution that environment produced; And the present invention has the valency raw material to utilize once more after rubbish is moved sorting, and resource is recycled to greatest extent.
This refuse treatment plant does not at home and abroad have in the complete set of equipments series in the environmental protection industry (epi), and initiative has been filled up the blank of Environmental Protection in China equipment industry at home.
The characteristics of module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device of the present invention are: (1), modularization-this cover system are made up of the container body modularization, and it is little to have floor space, move flexibly, and applicability is strong.
(2), intellectuality-this cover system adopts the intelligent control of converter technique, is equipped with diesel generating set and distribution center and controls automatically, really realizes the full-automation control that categorized consumer waste is handled, classification automatically, thus reduce a large amount of manpowers.
(3), native system utilizes the proportion of gravity and object different, in conjunction with wind, water, magnetic etc., the classification that makes house refuse more precisely, meticulousr.
(4), closed-this cover system utilizes the profile of container body formula module, and closed processing is carried out in the refuse classification zone, and is little to the influence of surrounding enviroment, can save the improvement of foul smell dust pollution.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention.
Figure 1A is the present invention's vertical view corresponding with Fig. 1.
Fig. 2 A is the front view of feed zone structure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 B is the vertical view of feed zone structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 A is the front view of broken bag selection by winnowing segment structure of the present invention;
Fig. 3 B is the vertical view of broken bag selection by winnowing segment structure of the present invention;
Fig. 3 C is the side view of broken bag selection by winnowing segment structure of the present invention.
Fig. 4 A is the front view of magnetic separation segment structure of the present invention;
Fig. 4 B is the vertical view of magnetic separation segment structure of the present invention;
Fig. 4 C is the side view of magnetic separation segment structure of the present invention.
Fig. 5 A is the front view of moisture selections structure of the present invention;
Fig. 5 B is the vertical view of moisture selections structure of the present invention;
Fig. 5 C is the side view of moisture selections structure of the present invention.
Fig. 6 A is the front view of organic matter segment structure of the present invention;
Fig. 6 B is the vertical view of organic matter segment structure of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a handling process sketch map of the present invention.
The specific embodiment:
Embodiment:
Referring to Fig. 1 and Figure 1A, module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device of the present invention, the feed zone 2 that is connected successively in comprising casing 1 and being arranged on casing 1 breaks bag selection by winnowing section 3, magnetic separation section 4, moisture selections 5, organic matter section 6.With feed zone 2, a broken bag selection by winnowing section 3, magnetic separation section 4, moisture selections 5 and organic matter section 6 integrated setting have nano deodorized system in the said casing 1, and every section all according to the corresponding collecting box of dissimilar waste setting of correspondence.
Said feed zone 2; A broken bag selection by winnowing section 3, magnetic separation section 4, moisture selections 5, organic matter section 6 all are to adopt the container body module that all steel iron processes and carry out closed processing, then each section container body module are connected to form module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device of the present invention, integrated apparatus; Effectively utilized the space; Saved the soil, maintaining equipments is convenient, needn't set up factory building separately.
The said sorting water channel that runs through whole flow process that is arranged on each section can separate the weight thing, and light thing swims in the sorting shunting water surface, sub-elects through above-mentioned rotary screen and delivers to corresponding light thing collecting box; Weight then sinks under water, and collects through the weight collecting box is corresponding then.
Said broken bag selection by winnowing section 3 is provided with first collecting box 01 and second collecting box 02 in the casing outside portion near ground, said first collecting box 01 is used for smallclothes and fine deposit, and second collecting box 02 is used to collect the light thing of big part.
Said magnetic separation section 4 is provided with the 3rd collecting box 03, the 4th collecting box 04 and the 5th collecting box 05 in the casing outside portion near ground, said the 4th collecting box 04 is used to collect magnetic separation scrap iron spare etc. can be attracted the metal object that sub-elects by magnetic separator; Said the 4th collecting box 04 is used to collect small-sized weights such as battery; Said the 5th collecting box 05 is used to collect big part masonry weight.
Said moisture selections 5 are provided with the 6th collecting box 06 said the 6th collecting box 06 at the sidepiece near ground and are used to collect soft, flat foreign material and light thing.
Said moisture selections 5 are provided with the 7th collecting box 07 with organic matter section 6 cohesive positions, are used to collect plastic weight; Said organic matter section 6 is disposed with the 8th collecting box 08, the 9th collecting box 09 and the tenth collecting box 10 behind the 7th collecting box 07; Said the tenth collecting box 08 is used to collect foreign material spares such as plastics; The 9th collecting box 09 is used for collecting the plastics that sub-elect from organic matter and plastic bottle etc., and the tenth collecting box 10 is used for collecting the organic matter that goes out from sorting water channel Separation of Solid and Liquid.
Referring to Fig. 2 A and Fig. 2 B, feed zone 2 is provided with first automatic conveying belt 21, and it is through motor drives, realizes feed system automation control.
First automatic conveying belt 21 is that tilting is placed, and lower that end and garbage inlet 22 join, and first automatic conveying belt 21 extends upward from garbage inlet 22 those ends always.Below said first automatic conveying belt 21, be provided with conveyer belt support 23.Said garbage inlet 22, first automatic conveying belt 21 and conveyer belt support 23 are installed in the equipment outsourcing frame 24, and said first automatic conveying belt 21 is that stainless steel sprocket wheel and carrier bar are formed, and is durable; Said equipment outsourcing frame 24 adopts all steel iron box-shaped structure, and mobile installation is all very convenient.
At first, transport vehicle is poured house refuse into garbage inlet 22, through said first automatic conveying belt 21 house refuse is delivered to the cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31 of next stage then, carries out sorting and handles.
Referring to Fig. 3 A, Fig. 3 B and Fig. 3 C; Broken bag selection by winnowing section 3 is provided with the cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31 that is used to sub-elect dissimilar rubbish; Cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31 is provided with blower fan 32; Said blower fan 32 sub-elects the light thing of similar plastics, the scraps of paper etc. on the conveyer belt, and is delivered to corresponding second collecting box 02 through conveyer belt.
Cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31 is a hollow, and inner surface has been covered with blade 311, is used for broken refuse bag, at the blade 311 other scraper plates 312 that are provided with; Cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31 time rotationals; Said scraper plate 312 is constantly rolled the house refuse in the said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31 then and is fallen; Have the rubbish of packaging bag promptly to be punctured by blade 311, the soft bar of the scraps of paper, polybag class is involved in the high-altitude by cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31 under the drive of blade 311; When the soft bar in the said scraps of paper, the polybag arrives the lofty perch of cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31; Owing to deadweight falls into the automatic conveying belt on the sorting water channel in the middle part of being arranged in the cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31, send into second collecting box 02 of corresponding soft bar rubbish through said automatic conveying belt.
Fall into funnel 34 through the dust and the silt of blade 311 after through the sieve apertures 313 that are provided with in the cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31, through second automatic conveying belt 33 that is connected with funnel 34 dust and silt are sent to corresponding collecting box then the broken bag of house refuse.Dust that sub-elects and silt are used for backfilling of earthwork after collecting, and efficient resource is utilized again.
That section that the openend of said funnel 34 and said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31 are provided with sieve aperture 313 joins, and the initiating terminal of the bottom of funnel 34 and automatic conveying belt 33 connects, and the end of said second automatic conveying belt 33 is connected to magnetic separation section 4.
Referring to Fig. 4 A, Fig. 4 B and Fig. 4 C; Magnetic separation section 4 mainly comprises magnetic separator 43; Said magnetic separator 43 is arranged on second automatic conveying belt 33 and first automatic conveying belt, 41 joining places, will break bag rubbish that selection by winnowing section 3 is transported out through said second automatic conveying belt 33 and be sent to magnetic separation section 4, under the effect of magnetic separator 43, metal species materials such as scrap iron is attracted to sub-elect from rubbish; Collect by the 3rd collecting box 03, make valuable metal be able to utilize again.
Magnetic separation section 4 is connected between said broken bag selection by winnowing section 3 and moisture selections 5; Magnetic separation section 4 is provided with screen cloth 42 in the 3rd automatic conveying belt 41 corresponding positions; Isolate small-sized weights such as rubble, glass, battery through screen cloth 42 and collect and transfer to the 4th corresponding collecting box 04 as a type; The old and useless battery that people use is just gathered the 4th collecting box 04, thereby old and useless battery is got rid of from house refuse fully.And big part masonry weight is sent to corresponding the 5th collecting box 05 through other automatic conveying belt.
Referring to Fig. 5 A, Fig. 5 B and 5C, moisture selections 5 comprise slide carriage 51, are arranged on first water tank 52 of slide carriage 51 belows, the three-tank 54 that second water tank 53 that is connected through pipeline with first water tank 52 and second water tank 53 are connected through pipeline.
The end of the 3rd automatic conveying belt 41 in said slide carriage 51 and the magnetic separation section 4 is connected mutually; Residue rubbish in the house refuse process magnetic separation section 4 after the magnetic separation transfers to said slide carriage 51 through automatic conveying belt 41 again; Sorting once more, the foreign material that sub-elect are transported to the 6th corresponding collecting box 06.
Through after the moisture selections 5 with foreign material such as the dust silt in the rubbish, soft bar, metal species material and other weights from progressively sub-electing; Dissolving in the water is most of organic matter, and the rubbish that will contain large amount of organic through water tank and the pipeline that links to each other transfers to organic matter section 6.
Referring to Fig. 6 A and Fig. 6 B, organic matter section 6 comprises the 4th water tank 61, screen cloth 62, and generator 63 is arranged on the moving conveyer belt 64 of four selfs of the 4th water tank 61 1 ends and the 5th automatic conveying belt 65 and the 6th automatic conveying belt 66 of the other end; Be arranged at the 9th collecting box 09 of the bottle and cans such as the 7th collecting box 07, the 8th collecting box 08 and plastic bottle of the organic matter section 6 casings outsides collection plastics corresponding with moving conveyer belt 64 positions of four selfs, and organic the tenth collecting box 10 of collection outside the casing corresponding with screen cloth 62 positions.
Said the 4th water tank 61 is connected with three-tank 54 in the moisture selections 5 through pipeline; Be transported to corresponding the 7th collecting box 07 at the 4th water tank 61 and three-tank 54 joining places through the plastics that the moving conveyer belt 64 of four selfs will sub-elect for the first time; The organic matter rubbish that sub-elects behind the plastics is sent to the 4th water tank 61 with the form of water; Organic matter rubbish after coming out from the 4th water tank 61 carries out separating plastic once more; Through the 5th automatic conveying belt 65 foreign material such as plastics are sent to the 8th collecting box 08, Bottle & Can foreign material such as plastic bottle are sent to the 9th collecting box 09 through the 6th automatic conveying belt 66.
Organic matter rubbish through behind the foreign material such as separating plastic and plastic bottle repeatedly carries out Separation of Solid and Liquid at last; Remove the moisture in the organic matter; Earlier through the organic matter in the tiny screen cloth 62 first sorting water outlets of sieve aperture; Pulverize extruding through disintegrating machine then and make it powdered, manufacture fertilizer through corresponding organic matter treatment facility then at last, it is existing very mature technique that the organic matter in the house refuse is manufactured fertilizer; Can cooperate any fertilizer production system, produce high-quality, do not have the fertilizer of impurity fully.
Automatic control system 7 is arranged at the rearmost end of organic matter section 6, and automatic control system 7 belows are equipped with generator 63, is whole refuse treatment plant power supply; Said automatic control system 7 is connected with cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen 31 circuitries such as grade with several interior automatic conveying belt of refuse treatment plant, the full-automatic control of real realization.
Referring to Fig. 7, brief description of the process of the present invention is following:
House refuse at first is transported to the garbage inlet in the feed zone, through the automatic conveying belt below the garbage inlet said house refuse is transferred to brokenly cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen in the bag selection by winnowing section.Said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen major function comprises brokenly bag, screens out artificial separation again after collecting such as tiny silt, the soft bar that sub-elects and large stretch of paper, and a part is recycled, and another part is sent into rubber fuel RDF storage.
Said cutter formula multipurpose barrel sieves isolated silt and gets into the husky pond of dirt, is regularly discharged by sand pump.
The hard thing of the above-mentioned ultra-large type that sub-elects is sent into rubber fuel RDF storage through conveyer, and diameter is all seen off by the conveyer of its underpart less than 300 millimeters rubbish.
After light thing sorting, get into full-automatic water classification processing operation; High-Pressure Water in the flushing cisterns of water channel front end breaks up rubbish; Rubbish after flushing gets into the weight collecting box to carry out the weight thing and separates, and utilizes water to float effect, and the classification that the weight sorter carries out large and small weight is taken and delivered to weight out of with sinking rapidly; Said big weight comprises ratchel, big part foreign material and ferrous metal; The smallclothes weight comprises battery, finger stone and non-ferrous metal, and wherein ferrous metal utilizes magnetic separator to separate with vortex sorting machine respectively with non-ferrous metal, and the rubbish of process weight separator box gets into the sorting water channel with water; Carry out repeatedly sorting, be followed successively by: organic matter sorting, medium-sized foreign material sorting, light thing sorting and flexible film sorting.
In sum, module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device of the present invention, full-automatic, totally-enclosed modular assembly type, it is integrated to carry nano deodorized system and equipment, need not other interpolation; Floor space is little, and installation and transportation, maintaining are all quite convenient.
Particularly; Fundamentally solved harmful effect and the consequence of traditional life trash processing way such as landfill burning to the secondary pollution that environment produced; And the present invention has the valency raw material to utilize once more after rubbish is moved sorting, and resource is recycled to greatest extent.
This refuse treatment plant does not at home and abroad have in the complete set of equipments series in the environmental protection industry (epi), and initiative has been filled up the blank of Environmental Protection in China equipment industry at home.
More than show and described basic principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; The present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; That describes in the foregoing description and the specification just explains principle of the present invention; The present invention also has various changes and modifications under the prerequisite that does not break away from spirit and scope of the invention, and these variations and improvement all fall in the scope of the invention that requires protection.The present invention requires protection domain to be defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (5)

1. module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device is characterized in that, comprises casing (1), is arranged on the feed zone (2) that connects successively in the casing (1), broken bag selection by winnowing section (3), magnetic separation section (4), moisture selections (5) and organic matter section (6):
Said feed zone (2) is provided with garbage inlet (22) and is positioned at first automatic conveying belt (21) of garbage inlet (22) bottom;
Said broken bag selection by winnowing section (3) but be provided with circumference cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen (31), rubbish funnel (34), second automatic conveying belt (33) of rotating and a winnowing machine (32) that is arranged on broken bag selection by winnowing section (3) sidepiece, correspondence is provided with first collecting box (01) and second collecting box (02) outside the casing of broken bag of selection by winnowing section (3); First automatic conveying belt (21) end in the said feed zone (2) extends to the feed end of said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen (31); Said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen (31) inner surface is furnished with the blade (311) that is used for broken refuse bag, roll scraper plate (312) that rubbish makes it to rotate and the sieve aperture (313) that part rubbish is spilt; The openend of said rubbish funnel (34) is arranged on the below of the sieve aperture (313) of said cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen (31), and the bottom of rubbish funnel (34) is arranged on the top of the initiating terminal of second automatic conveying belt (33);
Said magnetic separation section (4) is provided with magnetic separator (43) and the 3rd automatic conveying belt (41), and the casing outside correspondence of magnetic separation section (4) is provided with the 3rd collecting box (03), the 4th collecting box (04) and the 5th collecting box (05); The end of second automatic conveying belt (33) in the above-mentioned broken bag selection by winnowing section (3) extends to said magnetic separator (43) top, and the initiating terminal of the 3rd automatic conveying belt (41) in the said magnetic separation section (4) is positioned at the below of said magnetic separator (43);
Said moisture selections (5) comprise slide carriage (51) and are connected first water tank (52), second water tank (53) and the three-tank (54) that is used for Separation of Solid and Liquid through pipeline successively; The casing outside correspondence of moisture selections (5) is provided with the 6th collecting box (06), and said slide carriage (51) is arranged at the end of the 3rd automatic conveying belt (41) in the said magnetic separation section (4);
Said organic matter section (6) comprise with moisture selections (5) in the 4th water tank (61) that is connected through pipeline of three-tank (54), four selfs moving conveyer belt (64), the 5th automatic conveying belt (65) and the 6th automatic conveying belt (66), correspondence is provided with the 7th collecting box (07), the 8th collecting box (08), the 9th collecting box (09) and the tenth collecting box (10) outside the casing of organic matter section (6);
Also be provided with and cutter formula multifunctional rolling shaft screen (31), winnowing machine (32) automatic control system (7) that magnetic separator (43), first automatic conveying belt (21), second automatic conveying belt (33), the 3rd automatic conveying belt (41), the moving conveyer belt (64) of four selfs, the 5th automatic conveying belt (65) and the equal circuit of the 6th automatic conveying belt (66) are connected in the organic matter section (6).
2. module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the 4th water tank (61) below correspondence is provided with sorting water channel (100) in second water tank (53), three-tank (54) and the organic matter section (6) in the said moisture selections (5).
3. module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the interior integrated setting of the casing of said module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device (1) has nano deodorized system.
4. module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said casing adopts all steel iron box-shaped structure to assemble.
5. module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device according to claim 1; It is characterized in that said first automatic conveying belt (21), second automatic conveying belt (33), the 3rd automatic conveying belt (41), the moving conveyer belt (64) of four selfs, the 5th automatic conveying belt (65) and the 6th automatic conveying belt (66) all adopt stainless steel sprocket wheel and carrier bar to form.
CN2009101984295A 2009-11-06 2009-11-06 Module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device Expired - Fee Related CN101716586B (en)

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