CN105363765B - A kind of life refuse processing method - Google Patents

A kind of life refuse processing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105363765B
CN105363765B CN201510952014.8A CN201510952014A CN105363765B CN 105363765 B CN105363765 B CN 105363765B CN 201510952014 A CN201510952014 A CN 201510952014A CN 105363765 B CN105363765 B CN 105363765B
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China
Prior art keywords
enters
house refuse
gasification
winnowing machine
enter
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CN201510952014.8A
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CN105363765A (en
Inventor
罗剑青
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Guangzhou Xiamen Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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Guangzhou Xiamen Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/80Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless involving an extraction step
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/78Recycling of wood or furniture waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of life refuse processing method, first by the way that house refuse is filtered, dries, sorts and torn up, then carry out integrating sorting again, sub-elect below 40mm, 40 80mm and more than 80mm house refuse, in below 40mm rubbish, can heap corruption organic matter enter and reconcile pond, shell object enters gasification, generating workshop, and old and useless battery reclaims into reclaims factory;In 40 80mm house refuse, organic matter enters mediation pond;Glass, fragment of brick, dregs are used to produce building brick;Shoes enter gasification, generating workshop as raw material;In more than 80mm house refuse, polybag enters oil refining process and is used to refine oil, and is sold again after paper drying;Combustible solid fuel and fabric enter gasification, generating workshop;ABB/ABS/PVC materials are used to refine oil as raw material.Secondary pollution of the present invention is few, reduces the waste of land resource, substantially increases resource reutilization rate.

Description

A kind of life refuse processing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of life refuse processing method, belongs to green environmental protection technique field.
Background technology
As Process of Urbanization Construction progress faster, increased population, Municipal Garbage Yield sharply increase.According to statistics, in the 1980s, National urban rubbish annual production is about 1.15 hundred million tons, to the nineties up to 1.43 hundred million tons.Annual municipal refuse domestic at present produces Amount is at 1.8 hundred million tons or so.The year two thousand thirty is predicted, Chinese MSW research produces total amount per year and is up to 4.09 hundred million tons.China city at present House refuse is encircled a city, it has also become the thorny problem of urban construction and management, at present in more than 600 big and medium-sized cities in the whole nation, has 2/3 to fall into Among the encirclement for entering rubbish, and the city for having 1/4 has not had good place heap garbage.The disposal of rural garbage at present is except minority Village is outer using simple waste landfill, and most of rural garbage is all to stack everywhere, and it is " six sides " mainly to incline to place:Roadside, river At, village, Tian Bian, the side of a pond, room side, form serious pollution, endanger the life and health of people, while destroy and affect life Environment, turn into broad masses and governments at all levels' concern and focus and difficulties in the urgent need to address.
In the last few years, our Environmental was protected, and the processing to domestic waste gives great attention, And put into substantial amounts of financial resources, material resources, manpower and administered and controlled.Because relevant laws and regulations system is not well established, processing equipment and Technology relatively lags behind, and can also reach ideal effective processing intent far away.This is walked with domestic rubbish disposal " it is innoxious, subtract The rto request of quantization, recycling, industrialization " differs greatly.How harmless treatment is carried out to house refuseAnd treated Secondary pollution is reduced in journeyHow can effectively handle house refuse and can and create more considerable economic benefitIn a word, Processing rubbish, this millstone around one's neck becomes tempting business opportunity, reach environmental protection, the purpose of benefit doulbe-sides' victory, this be leaders all The hot issue extremely paid close attention to.
The content of the invention
For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides one kind pollution less, the high domestic rubbish disposal of availability Method.
The present invention adopts the technical scheme that:A kind of life refuse processing method, it includes following processing step:
Step 1:House refuse transport vehicle weighs by electronic loadometer;
Step 2:House refuse refines filtering to it, and percolate is entered into mixing pit by slush pump after weighing After enter back into reconcile pond;
Step 3:Processing is dried to the rubbish by filtering, multi-functional broken bag roller is then entered by conveyer belt Sieve, then heavy substance and light materials are sub-elected by inertia separator;
Step 4:Heavy substance enters conveyer belt after crusher in crushing, then by ferromagnetic deironing device except de-iron, button electricity Pond;Then rubbish after treatment enters horizontal winnowing machine;
Step 5:The light materials of sorting are after shredder is handled, into another horizontal winnowing machine;
Step 6:In light materials sorting, plastics that horizontal winnowing machine separates, paper pass through wet concentration, are individually insulated;Water enters Mediation pond, paper is after drying machine drying, then sells;Polybag is used to refine oil;
Step 7:In heavy substance sorting, a part of solid particle and ash-laden gas that horizontal winnowing machine separates pass through whirlwind Separator, then enter back into center gas processor and handled;Another part rubbish enters integrated sorter, carries out ladder Degree sorting;
Step 8:Total score is chosen, and below 40mm rubbish is separated by the horizontal winnowing machine of subordinate again;After separation Can heap corruption organic matter enter reconcile pond, shell object enter gasification, generating workshop, old and useless battery enter reclaims factory recovery;
Step 9:Total score is chosen, and 40-80mm house refuse is separated by the horizontal winnowing machine of another subordinate, its Middle organic matter enters mediation pond;Glass, fragment of brick, dregs enter by crusher in crushing, then after magnetic separator selects iron tramp Brick equipment, for producing building brick;Shoes enter gasification, generating workshop as raw material;
Step 10:Total score is chosen, and more than 80mm house refuse separates by the horizontal winnowing machine selection by winnowing of another subordinate, its In isolate polybag, paper after wet concentration, polybag enter oil refining process be used for refine oil, paper drying after sell again; The brick isolated, glass preparation are into building brick;The shoes isolated enter gasification, generating workshop;The ABB/ isolated ABS, fabric, combustible, wood again pass by horizontal point of blower fan and sorted, and then combustible solid fuel and fabric enter gas Change, generating workshop;ABB/ABS/PVC materials are used to refine oil as raw material.
In the present invention, the gasification, the temperature of electrification technique are 1200 degree, and other all techniques are entered at normal temperatures and pressures OK.
In the present invention, described step eight, step 9 and step 10 are carried out to be synchronous.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:House refuse is classified, Screening Treatment, secondary pollution is few, reasonably again Utilize, do not fill directly, reduce the waste of land resource, substantially increase resource reutilization rate;Its economic benefit simultaneously Good, output is beneficial to environmental protection much larger than input.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the process chart of the present invention.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of life refuse processing method, it includes following processing step:
Step 1:House refuse transport vehicle weighs by electronic loadometer;
Step 2:House refuse refines filtering to it, and percolate is entered into mixing pit by slush pump after weighing After enter back into reconcile pond;
Step 3:Processing is dried to the rubbish by filtering, multi-functional broken bag roller is then entered by conveyer belt Sieve, then heavy substance and light materials are sub-elected by inertia separator;
Step 4:Heavy substance enters conveyer belt after crusher in crushing, then by ferromagnetic deironing device except de-iron, button electricity Pond;Then rubbish after treatment enters horizontal winnowing machine;
Step 5:The light materials of sorting are after shredder is handled, into another horizontal winnowing machine;
Step 6:In light materials sorting, plastics that horizontal winnowing machine separates, paper pass through wet concentration, are individually insulated;Water enters Mediation pond, paper is after drying machine drying, then sells;Polybag is used to refine oil;
Step 7:In heavy substance sorting, a part of solid particle and ash-laden gas that horizontal winnowing machine separates pass through whirlwind Separator, then enter back into center gas processor and handled;Another part rubbish enters integrated sorter, carries out ladder Degree sorting;
Step 8:Total score is chosen, and below 40mm rubbish is separated by the horizontal winnowing machine of subordinate again;After separation Can heap corruption organic matter enter reconcile pond, shell object enter gasification, generating workshop, old and useless battery enter reclaims factory recovery;
Step 9:Total score is chosen, and 40-80mm house refuse is separated by the horizontal winnowing machine of another subordinate, its Middle organic matter enters mediation pond;Glass, fragment of brick, dregs enter by crusher in crushing, then after magnetic separator selects iron tramp Brick equipment, for producing building brick;Shoes enter gasification, generating workshop as raw material;
Step 10:Total score is chosen, and more than 80mm house refuse separates by the horizontal winnowing machine selection by winnowing of another subordinate, its In isolate polybag, paper after wet concentration, polybag enter oil refining process be used for refine oil, paper drying after sell again; The brick isolated, glass preparation are into building brick;The shoes isolated enter gasification, generating workshop;The ABB/ isolated ABS, fabric, combustible, wood again pass by horizontal point of blower fan and sorted, and then combustible solid fuel and fabric enter gas Change, generating workshop;ABB/ABS/PVC materials are used to refine oil as raw material.
In the present invention, degassifying, generating workshop temperature are 1200 degree, and remaining technique is all to carry out at normal temperatures and pressures.Its In, step 8, step 9 and step 10 are carried out to be synchronous.Simultaneously in whole technique, the horizontal winnowing machine that is used in each step, Cyclone separator etc. is all separately configured.
Merely illustrating the principles of the invention described in above-described embodiment and specification, spirit of the invention and model are not being departed from On the premise of enclosing, various changes and modifications of the present invention are possible, and these changes and improvements both fall within claimed invention model In enclosing.The scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims and its equivalents.
Part that the present invention does not relate to is same as the prior art or can be realized using prior art.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of life refuse processing method, it is characterised in that including following processing step:
Step 1:House refuse transport vehicle weighs by electronic loadometer;
Step 2:House refuse refines filtering to it, and percolate is entered after mixing pit again by slush pump after weighing Into mediation pond;
Step 3:Processing is dried to the rubbish by filtering, multi-functional rotary screen for breaking bags is then entered by conveyer belt, then Heavy substance and light materials are sub-elected by inertia separator;
Step 4:Heavy substance enters conveyer belt after crusher in crushing, then by ferromagnetic deironing device except de-iron, button cell;So Rubbish after treatment enters horizontal winnowing machine afterwards;
Step 5:The light materials of sorting are after shredder is handled, into another horizontal winnowing machine;
Step 6:In light materials sorting, plastics that horizontal winnowing machine separates, paper pass through wet concentration, are individually insulated;Water, which enters, to be reconciled Pond, paper is after drying machine drying, then sells;Polybag is used to refine oil;
Step 7:In heavy substance sorting, a part of solid particle and ash-laden gas that horizontal winnowing machine separates pass through cyclonic separation Device, then enter back into center gas processor and handled;Another part rubbish enters integrated sorter, carries out gradient point Choosing;
Step 8:Total score is chosen, and below 40mm rubbish is separated by the horizontal winnowing machine of subordinate again;After separation can heap Rotten organic matter enters mediation pond, and shell object enters gasification, generating workshop, and old and useless battery reclaims into reclaims factory;
Step 9:Total score is chosen, and 40-80mm house refuse is separated by the horizontal winnowing machine of another subordinate, wherein having Machine thing enters mediation pond;Glass, fragment of brick, dregs are by crusher in crushing, then after magnetic separator selects iron tramp, into brickmaking Equipment, for producing building brick;Shoes enter gasification, generating workshop as raw material;
Step 10:Total score is chosen, and more than 80mm house refuse is by the horizontal winnowing machine selection by winnowing separation of another subordinate, wherein dividing After wet concentration, polybag enters oil refining process and is used to refine oil for the polybag that separates out, paper, is sold again after paper drying;Separation The brick that goes out, glass preparation are into building brick;The shoes isolated enter gasification, generating workshop;The ABB/ABS that isolates, knit Thing, combustible, wood again pass by horizontal point of blower fan and sorted, and then combustible solid fuel and fabric enter gasification, generated electricity Workshop;ABB/ABS/PVC materials are used to refine oil as raw material.
A kind of 2. life refuse processing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step 8 or nine or ten In, into gasification, generating workshop shell or shoes, gasified, the temperature of electrification technique be 1200 degree, other all works Skill is carried out at normal temperatures and pressures.
A kind of 3. life refuse processing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described step eight, step 9 Carried out with step 10 to be synchronous.
CN201510952014.8A 2015-12-17 2015-12-17 A kind of life refuse processing method Active CN105363765B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106001074A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-10-12 乔光辉 Environment-friendly household garbage treatment method
CN108393333A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-08-14 光大环保技术研究院(南京)有限公司 Based on MBT and burn the garbage as resource integrated conduct method being combined

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102179365A (en) * 2011-03-03 2011-09-14 同济大学 Method for separating domestic garbage
CN102335669A (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-02-01 湖南省一鼎环保有限公司 Processing method of garbage landfill
CN102489489A (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-06-13 郑九洲 Harmless comprehensive treatment process flow for municipal solid waste
CN103911170A (en) * 2013-01-08 2014-07-09 陈开明 Method for producing RDF6 by pyrolyzing municipal solid wastes at high temperature
CN104785492A (en) * 2014-06-18 2015-07-22 湖南紫博星生物科技发展有限公司 Urban waste classification recycling regeneration system

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008178846A (en) * 2007-01-26 2008-08-07 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Method of and apparatus for sorting crushed industrial waste
JP4823175B2 (en) * 2007-08-30 2011-11-24 Jx日鉱日石金属株式会社 Incineration ash treatment system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102335669A (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-02-01 湖南省一鼎环保有限公司 Processing method of garbage landfill
CN102179365A (en) * 2011-03-03 2011-09-14 同济大学 Method for separating domestic garbage
CN102489489A (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-06-13 郑九洲 Harmless comprehensive treatment process flow for municipal solid waste
CN103911170A (en) * 2013-01-08 2014-07-09 陈开明 Method for producing RDF6 by pyrolyzing municipal solid wastes at high temperature
CN104785492A (en) * 2014-06-18 2015-07-22 湖南紫博星生物科技发展有限公司 Urban waste classification recycling regeneration system

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Inventor after: Luo Jianqing

Inventor before: Han Yulong

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Effective date of registration: 20180117

Address after: He long Jiehe long road, Baiyun District of Guangzhou City, Guangdong province 510000 No. 8 cross-strait information industry (Huilong) science and Technology Park C District sixth floor No. C606

Applicant after: Guangzhou Xiamen Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 210000 Fengtai South Road, Yuhuatai District, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, No. 152, Sihong, digital science and Culture Industrial Park, 01, 4 floors and 422 rooms

Applicant before: NANJING DEQING ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

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