CN101274322A - Method for sorting consumer waste - Google Patents

Method for sorting consumer waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101274322A
CN101274322A CNA2007100389467A CN200710038946A CN101274322A CN 101274322 A CN101274322 A CN 101274322A CN A2007100389467 A CNA2007100389467 A CN A2007100389467A CN 200710038946 A CN200710038946 A CN 200710038946A CN 101274322 A CN101274322 A CN 101274322A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
whereabouts
machine
plastics
class
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2007100389467A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨计明
Original Assignee
杨计明
张琴
宋建英
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Application filed by 杨计明, 张琴, 宋建英 filed Critical 杨计明
Priority to CNA2007100389467A priority Critical patent/CN101274322A/en
Publication of CN101274322A publication Critical patent/CN101274322A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a household garbage sorting method which comprises the following processing steps: grab picking, magnetic dressing, pneumatic concentration, thermal picking and wet separation and so on; the household garbage of inorganic substance hunks, inorganic substance nubs, dust garbage, organic substances, non-recoverable combustible substances and light garbage such as plastic films, etc. are separated out with a totally enclosed sorting process, thus avoiding workers from direct contact with the garbage, improving the working environment of workers and avoiding damage to the health of bodies of the workers; simultaneously the technique process is finished by adopting a series of assorted equipments, thus realizing mechanization and improving efficiency.

Description

Method for sorting consumer waste

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of method for sorting consumer waste.

Background technology

At present along with the improving constantly of China citizen's living standard, the generation of house refuse and handle the important step of being categorized into of a great problem, particularly garbage disposal having become the China and even the world for domestic rubbish disposal.Nowadays, resident's house refuse mostly is bagging, loading in mixture, drum broken bag, trommelling, a series of method of artificial separation are adopted in the refuse classification of destructor plant more, like this with regard to having caused destructor plant since refuse classification thoroughly and rubbish is not difficult to handle, secondary pollution is very serious, because the artificial separation workman directly contacts rubbish, work under bad environment, even the grievous injury employee's is healthy.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem solved by the invention is the defective that overcomes prior art, provides a kind of and can avoid workman's method for sorting consumer waste that directly contact is treated sorting rubbish, improved sorting process efficient, automaticity is high.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of method for sorting consumer waste, comprise the steps to handle:

Step 10: roughly select, house refuse is transported into through cram packer, cram packer enters the temporary workshop of rubbish after weighbridge is overweight, to enter the rubbish discharging in the temporary workshop of rubbish on oscillating grid, roughly select through oscillating grid, particle diameter is selected whereabouts Bulky Waste disintegrating machine greater than the Bulky Waste of 400mm;

Step 20: magnetic separation, the rubbish after the fragmentation are after the magnetic separation of permanent magnetic roll assembly of roll magnetic separator conveyer, and the ferromagnetic whereabouts reclaims the warehouse, residue rubbish whereabouts garbage bag breaking machine;

Step 30: selection by winnowing, utilize integrative fanning machine, the domestic waste branch is elected as: bulk inorganic matter, fritter inorganic matter, dust class rubbish, organic matter, not recyclable class combustible, plastic film class lightweight rubbish;

Step 40: sorting post processing, all kinds of rubbish after selection by winnowing are respectively through conveyer whereabouts processing workshop separately.

Wherein said step 10 also comprises:

Step 11: after oscillating grid is roughly selected, particle diameter falls to less than 400mm rubbish and is installed on the middle drag conveyor in the temporary hole of rubbish, after the magnetic separation of drag conveyor whereabouts permanent magnetic roll assembly of roll magnetic separator conveyer, ferromagnetic, battery class rubbish whereabouts reclaim the warehouse, residue rubbish whereabouts garbage bag breaking machine;

Step 12: the percolate in the temporary workshop of rubbish drops to percolate storage hole, whereabouts hydro-thermal hydrolysis oxidation still naturally through the orifice plate of drag conveyor.

Described step 30 comprises:

Step 31: the composting after bag-breaking machine broken bag, fragmentation, the whereabouts integrative fanning machine carries out sorting;

Step 32: the heat choosing, the organic matter class rubbish that integrative fanning machine sorts out contains small part fritter inorganic matter and plastics, through belt conveyor whereabouts hydrolysis water thermal oxide still;

Step 33: the expanded filling of whereabouts after above-mentioned steps 32 is handled, material after expanded is through discharging machine whereabouts band drier, dried material whereabouts dried material screening machine, fritter inorganic matter, part that the dried material screening machine is sneaked into part in the organic matter are sneaked into separating through the glomerate plastics class of hydrolysis water thermal oxide still bunching rubbish in the organic matter, whereabouts oversize feed bin is through discharging machine whereabouts fuel slug workshop;

Step 34: the not recyclable class combustible that integrative fanning machine sorts out, through discharging machine whereabouts fuel slug workshop;

Step 35: wet concentration, the lightweight class rubbish that sub-elects through integrative fanning machine based on film class plastics, be mixed with a small amount of paper and leaf, after entering the wet concentration pond, after washing by rubbing with the hands, machine enters settling tank through washing by rubbing with the hands, all the other rubbish are because of washing broken back moisture absorption by rubbing with the hands, its proportion changes, be deposited to middle part, pond or bottom, film class plastics do not change because of its proportion, still swim in the water surface, the machine of washing by rubbing with the hands this moment rotates and drives when current direction is preceding to flow, film class plastics also along with moving forward, place plastics and pull machine out by the wet concentration trough rim, with plastics with other foreign material separately; Other foreign material, paper, leaf sink in water, sink to wet concentration pond hopper middle part or bottom, and are delivered to hydrolysis water thermal oxide still and make high efficiency ecological organic fertilizer; After the plastics cleaning of pulling out; be delivered to the broken cleaning machine in plastics recovery granulation workshop; carry out fragmentation and thoroughly cleaning; after the cleaning; enter the plastics dewaterer; plastics after the dehydration enter the plastics granulator and granulate, and will recycle sediment and filter mud whereabouts hydrolysis water thermal oxide still system high efficiency ecological organic fertilizer after the rinse water purified treatment.

Owing to adopt above-mentioned technical scheme, the present invention has following beneficial effect: owing to adopt above-mentioned processing method, assorting room is totally-enclosed, need not artificial directly contact rubbish, improved workman's working environment, avoided damaging the healthy of workman, above-mentioned technical process adopts a series of equipment cooperations to finish simultaneously, realize mechanization, improved efficient.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is that the technological process of method for sorting consumer waste of the present invention is always schemed;

Fig. 2 is the technological process refinement figure of method for sorting consumer waste of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment is illustrated:

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, house refuse is transported into through cram packer, and cram packer enters between the garbage truck carrousel after weighbridge is overweight, with the rubbish discharging on oscillating grid, after oscillating grid is roughly selected, particle diameter is selected greater than the Bulky Waste of 400mm, whereabouts Bulky Waste disintegrating machine, broken back rubbish is after the magnetic separation of permanent magnetic roll assembly of roll magnetic separator conveyer, the ferromagnetic whereabouts reclaims the warehouse, all the other broken thing whereabouts garbage bag breaking disintegrating machines, after fragmentation once more, operation is participated in selection by winnowing under the whereabouts; All the other rubbish after oscillating grid is roughly selected all fall to and are installed on the middle drag conveyor in the temporary hole of rubbish, and percolate drops to percolate storage hole naturally through the orifice plate of drag conveyor.All the other rubbish are after the magnetic separation of drag conveyor whereabouts permanent magnetic roll assembly of roll magnetic separator conveyer, and ferromagnetic, battery class rubbish whereabouts reclaim the warehouse, residue rubbish whereabouts garbage bag breaking machine.

House refuse broken bag disintegrating machine breaks the domestic waste packaging bag automatically, and the bulk organic matter is broken automatically, and makes inorganic matter class refuse breaking rate drop to minimum.Composting after garbage bag breaking disintegrating machine broken bag, fragmentation, after the magnetic separation of permanent magnetic roll assembly of roll magnetic separator conveyer, the ferromagnetic whereabouts reclaims the warehouse, all the other rubbish whereabouts domestic waste integrative fanning machines, this machine can be elected the domestic waste branch as: bulk inorganic matter, fritter inorganic matter, ferromagnetic, dust class rubbish, organic matter, not recyclable class combustible, plastic film class lightweight rubbish etc.Very thin as need classification, can increase electrostatic separator, eddy current separator, with sneak into non-ferrous metal in the inorganic matter rubbish, sneak into the battery in the ferromagnetic rubbish, the paper of sneaking in the plastics class lightweight rubbish is separated automatically.Deal with the workshop through sorted other rubbish of domestic waste integrative fanning machine separately through the conveyer whereabouts;

The organic matter class rubbish that integrative fanning machine sorts out contains small part fritter inorganic matter and plastics, and this class rubbish is through belt conveyor whereabouts hydrolysis water thermal oxide still, and instant heating selects.The expanded filling of whereabouts after treatment, the material after expanded is through discharging machine whereabouts band drier.Dried material whereabouts dried material screening machine, fritter inorganic matter, part that the dried material screening machine is sneaked into part in the organic matter are sneaked into separating through the glomerate plastics class of hydrolysis water thermal oxide still bunching rubbish in the organic matter, whereabouts oversize feed bin is through discharging machine whereabouts RDF fuel slug workshop.

The lightweight class rubbish based on film class plastics through integrative fanning machine sub-elects is mixed with a small amount of paper and leaf etc.After entering the wet concentration pond, enter settling tank through washing by rubbing with the hands after machine is washed by rubbing with the hands, all the other rubbish change its proportion because of washing broken back moisture absorption by rubbing with the hands, are deposited in the pond, the bottom, and film class plastics do not change because of its proportion, still swim in the water surface.Flow before machine rotates the drive current direction because of washing by rubbing with the hands, film class plastics also along with moving forward, put plastics and pull machine out by the wet concentration trough rim, makes plastics with other foreign material separately.Other foreign material, paper, leaf sink in water, sink in the hopper of wet concentration pond, the bottom, are transported to pallet conveyer by spiral discharging device, to hydrolysis water thermal oxide still system high efficiency ecological organic fertilizer; The plastics of pulling out have also obtained most of cleaning at this moment.The plastic conveying and plastic of pulling out is carried out fragmentation and thoroughly cleaning to the broken cleaning machine in plastics recovery granulation workshop.After the cleaning, enter the plastics dewaterer.Plastics after the dehydration enter the plastics granulator and granulate.Recycle after the rinse water purified treatment.Sediment and filter mud whereabouts hydrolysis water thermal oxide still system high efficiency ecological organic fertilizer.

The sorting of house refuse of the present invention is mainly adopted and is roughly selected, magnetic separation, selection by winnowing, the heat choosing, technical process such as wet concentration, house refuse is sub-elected organic matter class, inorganic matter class, ferromagnetic class, plastics class, not recyclable combustible class, dust class, mud class, percolate in totally enclosed process, and classification is handled.

Main methods behind the categorized consumer waste of the present invention adopts " hydrolysis water thermal oxide " treatment technology, that is: 1, organic matter, percolate, mud class, the high temperature and high pressure hydrolysis hydrothermal oxidization is handled back system high efficiency ecological organic fertilizer; 2, inorganic matter, dust class rubbish, broken, mixing back system light building material; 3, plastics class, broken, cleaning back system plastic pellet; 4, ferromagnetic class is mainly to be recovered as the master; 5, not recyclable class combustible class is made the RDF fuel slug behind the scientific formula.

It should be noted that at last: above embodiment only in order to the explanation the present invention and and unrestricted technical scheme described in the invention; Therefore, although this specification has been described in detail the present invention with reference to each above-mentioned embodiment,, those of ordinary skill in the art should be appreciated that still and can make amendment or be equal to replacement the present invention; And all do not break away from the technical scheme and the improvement thereof of the spirit and scope of the present invention, and it all should be encompassed in the claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. method for sorting consumer waste is characterized in that: comprise the steps to handle:
Step 10: roughly select, house refuse is transported into through cram packer, cram packer enters the temporary workshop of rubbish after weighbridge is overweight, to enter the rubbish discharging in the temporary workshop of rubbish on oscillating grid, roughly select through oscillating grid, particle diameter is selected whereabouts Bulky Waste disintegrating machine greater than the Bulky Waste of 400mm;
Step 20: magnetic separation, the rubbish after the fragmentation are after the magnetic separation of permanent magnetic roll assembly of roll magnetic separator conveyer, and the ferromagnetic whereabouts reclaims the warehouse, residue rubbish whereabouts garbage bag breaking machine;
Step 30: selection by winnowing, utilize integrative fanning machine, the domestic waste branch is elected as: bulk inorganic matter, fritter inorganic matter, dust class rubbish, organic matter, not recyclable class combustible, plastic film class lightweight rubbish;
Step 40: sorting post processing, all kinds of rubbish after selection by winnowing are respectively through conveyer whereabouts processing workshop separately.
2. according to the method for sorting consumer waste of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described step 10 also comprises:
Step 11: after oscillating grid is roughly selected, particle diameter falls to less than 400mm rubbish and is installed on the middle drag conveyor in the temporary hole of rubbish, after the magnetic separation of drag conveyor whereabouts permanent magnetic roll assembly of roll magnetic separator conveyer, ferromagnetic, battery class rubbish whereabouts reclaim the warehouse, residue rubbish whereabouts garbage bag breaking machine;
Step 12: the percolate in the temporary workshop of rubbish drops to percolate storage hole, whereabouts hydro-thermal hydrolysis oxidation still naturally through the orifice plate of drag conveyor.
3. according to the method for sorting consumer waste of claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described step 30 comprises:
Step 31: the composting after bag-breaking machine broken bag, fragmentation, the whereabouts integrative fanning machine carries out sorting;
Step 32: the heat choosing, the organic matter class rubbish that integrative fanning machine sorts out contains small part fritter inorganic matter and plastics, through belt conveyor whereabouts hydrolysis water thermal oxide still;
Step 33: the expanded filling of whereabouts after above-mentioned steps 32 is handled, material after expanded is through discharging machine whereabouts band drier, dried material whereabouts dried material screening machine, fritter inorganic matter, part that the dried material screening machine is sneaked into part in the organic matter are sneaked into separating through the glomerate plastics class of hydrolysis water thermal oxide still bunching rubbish in the organic matter, whereabouts oversize feed bin is through discharging machine whereabouts fuel slug workshop;
Step 34: the not recyclable class combustible that integrative fanning machine sorts out, through discharging machine whereabouts fuel slug workshop;
Step 35: wet concentration, the lightweight class rubbish that sub-elects through integrative fanning machine based on film class plastics, be mixed with a small amount of paper and leaf, after entering the wet concentration pond, after washing by rubbing with the hands, machine enters settling tank through washing by rubbing with the hands, all the other rubbish are because of washing broken back moisture absorption by rubbing with the hands, its proportion changes, be deposited to middle part, pond or bottom, film class plastics do not change because of its proportion, still swim in the water surface, the machine of washing by rubbing with the hands this moment rotates and drives when current direction is preceding to flow, film class plastics also along with moving forward, place plastics and pull machine out by the wet concentration trough rim, with plastics with other foreign material separately; Other foreign material, paper, leaf sink in water, sink to wet concentration pond hopper middle part or bottom, and are delivered to hydrolysis water thermal oxide still and make high efficiency ecological organic fertilizer; After the plastics cleaning of pulling out; be delivered to the broken cleaning machine in plastics recovery granulation workshop; carry out fragmentation and thoroughly cleaning; after the cleaning; enter the plastics dewaterer; plastics after the dehydration enter the plastics granulator and granulate, and will recycle sediment and filter mud whereabouts hydrolysis water thermal oxide still system high efficiency ecological organic fertilizer after the rinse water purified treatment.
CNA2007100389467A 2007-03-30 2007-03-30 Method for sorting consumer waste CN101274322A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101791620A (en) * 2010-03-03 2010-08-04 陆锦珠 Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device
CN101905236A (en) * 2010-07-15 2010-12-08 陆锦珠 Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device
CN101941569A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-01-12 都江堰巨龙车辆有限公司 Garbage truck capable of separating metal
CN101972767A (en) * 2010-09-06 2011-02-16 崔稷宁 Garbage disposal method
CN102039303A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-05-04 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Municipal solid waste comprehensive treatment and recycling device
CN102151684A (en) * 2010-11-26 2011-08-17 宁波天地回珑再生资源科技有限公司 Process for treating and recycling waste motor
WO2011116656A1 (en) * 2010-03-25 2011-09-29 河北省建筑材料工业设计研究院 Combined treatment process of domestic garbage and sewage
CN102225416A (en) * 2011-04-14 2011-10-26 崔稷宁 Method and device for treating garbage
CN102416398A (en) * 2011-08-24 2012-04-18 深圳市艾科斯达投资有限公司 Municipal solid waste compressive classification treatment method
CN101716586B (en) * 2009-11-06 2012-05-23 上海彼利环保科技有限公司 Module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device
CN102755961A (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-10-31 王杰生 Dry type plastic sorting technology
CN102950140A (en) * 2012-07-25 2013-03-06 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Household garbage combination sorting device
CN103480638A (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-01-01 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Garbage sorting system and method
CN103624009A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-12 云南昆船设计研究院 Novel method for carrying out impurity removal and purification on Chinese herbal medicine
CN103998139A (en) * 2011-09-06 2014-08-20 安纳科股份有限公司 Method for solid waste separation and processing
CN104226672A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-12-24 河南省洁苑环保科技有限公司 Garbage sorting treatment method
CN106140780A (en) * 2015-04-13 2016-11-23 樊军 One way of life refuse disposal system
CN106492978A (en) * 2016-11-07 2017-03-15 杨静 A kind of New-type refuse vehicle separator

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101716586B (en) * 2009-11-06 2012-05-23 上海彼利环保科技有限公司 Module-assembly type domestic waste sorting device
CN101791620A (en) * 2010-03-03 2010-08-04 陆锦珠 Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device
US8739709B2 (en) 2010-03-25 2014-06-03 Hebei Building Materials Industry Design And Research Institute Combined treatment process of domestic garbage and sewage
WO2011116656A1 (en) * 2010-03-25 2011-09-29 河北省建筑材料工业设计研究院 Combined treatment process of domestic garbage and sewage
JP2013515602A (en) * 2010-03-25 2013-05-09 河北省建筑材料工▲業▼▲設▼▲計▼研究院 Combined household waste and sewage treatment process
CN101905236B (en) * 2010-07-15 2012-10-31 陆锦珠 Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device
CN101905236A (en) * 2010-07-15 2010-12-08 陆锦珠 Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device
CN101972767B (en) * 2010-09-06 2013-08-21 崔稷宁 Garbage disposal method
CN101972767A (en) * 2010-09-06 2011-02-16 崔稷宁 Garbage disposal method
CN101941569A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-01-12 都江堰巨龙车辆有限公司 Garbage truck capable of separating metal
CN102039303A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-05-04 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Municipal solid waste comprehensive treatment and recycling device
CN102151684A (en) * 2010-11-26 2011-08-17 宁波天地回珑再生资源科技有限公司 Process for treating and recycling waste motor
CN102225416A (en) * 2011-04-14 2011-10-26 崔稷宁 Method and device for treating garbage
CN102416398A (en) * 2011-08-24 2012-04-18 深圳市艾科斯达投资有限公司 Municipal solid waste compressive classification treatment method
CN103998139A (en) * 2011-09-06 2014-08-20 安纳科股份有限公司 Method for solid waste separation and processing
CN102755961A (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-10-31 王杰生 Dry type plastic sorting technology
CN102755961B (en) * 2012-07-09 2014-10-08 王杰生 Dry type plastic sorting technology
CN102950140A (en) * 2012-07-25 2013-03-06 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Household garbage combination sorting device
CN103480638A (en) * 2012-12-04 2014-01-01 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Garbage sorting system and method
CN103480638B (en) * 2012-12-04 2015-08-05 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Garbage sorting system and method
CN103624009A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-12 云南昆船设计研究院 Novel method for carrying out impurity removal and purification on Chinese herbal medicine
CN104226672A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-12-24 河南省洁苑环保科技有限公司 Garbage sorting treatment method
CN106140780A (en) * 2015-04-13 2016-11-23 樊军 One way of life refuse disposal system
CN106140780B (en) * 2015-04-13 2019-02-26 樊军 A kind of domestic garbage treating system
CN106492978A (en) * 2016-11-07 2017-03-15 杨静 A kind of New-type refuse vehicle separator

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