CN101905236A - Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device - Google Patents

Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101905236A
CN101905236A CN2010102320307A CN201010232030A CN101905236A CN 101905236 A CN101905236 A CN 101905236A CN 2010102320307 A CN2010102320307 A CN 2010102320307A CN 201010232030 A CN201010232030 A CN 201010232030A CN 101905236 A CN101905236 A CN 101905236A
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China
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rubbish
transport tape
automatic household
garbage classification
household garbage
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CN2010102320307A
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CN101905236B (en
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陆锦珠
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Individual
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic household garbage classification treatment method and an automatic household garbage classification treatment device. The automatic household garbage classification treatment device is characterized by comprising a garbage classifier, a beating crusher and a crusher; the garbage classifier comprises a garbage pool, a grille arranged on the bottom of the garbage pool and provided with a vibrating mechanism, a power harrow arranged on the garbage pool, and a transmission band arranged below the grille and provided with a magnetic force pickup device; the power harrow comprises a power rotating mechanism, and a harrow driven by the power rotating mechanism; the beating crusher comprises a basin arranged below an outlet of the transmission band, and a blade arranged above the basin and driven to rotate by a power mechanism; the bottom of the basin is provided with meshes; a delivery passage is arranged below the bottom of the basin; a raw material inlet of the crusher is connected with an outlet of the delivery passage; and a guiding slideway is arranged below the delivery passage. Compared with the conventional technology, the automatic household garbage classification treatment method and the automatic household garbage classification treatment device have the advantages of no need of occupying a lot of land, effective recycling of useful materials in the garbage and light environmental pollution.

Description

Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of Rubbish Processing Method and Device.
Background technology:
Existing domestic rubbish disposal mode has two kinds, and a kind of is the mode of landfill; A kind of is the mode of burning.Adopt land-fill method need take a large amount of soils; Equipment investment is big since the mode of adopt burning, and two burn and can produce the pernicious gas contaminated environment, and the utility in the rubbish can not be recycled effectively.
Goal of the invention:
Goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide a kind of need not take that utility can obtain automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device reuse, that be not easy contaminated environment effectively in a large amount of soils, the rubbish.
Automatic sorting rubbish processing method of the present invention is achieved in that and comprises the operation of rubbish being broken up and inorganic article, plastic products, the polybag of bulk being separated successively from rubbish; The operation that rubbish after separating is battered down, pulverizes; To separate the back and batter down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing, the operation that rubbish is broken up is that house refuse is put on the barrier that has vibration, constantly turn over the rake house refuse with the rake hook simultaneously, so that the rubbish in the polybag is broken up out, the barrier that is vibrating will be except that the inorganic article of bulk, the plastic products of bulk, the rubbish of other that polybag is outer is separated on the transport tape that has the magnetic force suction means below the barrier, the rubbish that will have a ferromagnetic material by the magnetic force suction means is drawn from rubbish and is separated, rubbish after will separating is then delivered to the rubbish after separating is battered down, on the operation of pulverizing, rubbish after will separating batters down, in the operation of pulverizing, organic substance in the house refuse after will separating with rotation of blade is earlier smashed, adopt the inorganic substances in the house refuse after pulverizer will separate to pulverize then, at last, by separating the back and battering down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing will be separated the back and be battered down, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes of house refuse after the pulverizing.Because the composition of house refuse mainly is to comprise plant, animal is at interior organic food and the inorganic article (vial etc.) that load these food, plastic products, polybag, and inorganic article, plastic products, polybag can recycling, comprise plant, animal is a kind of good organic fertilizer at interior organic food, as long as two class separating substances are come out, just can utilize these materials effectively, like this, the situation that can avoid a large amount of soils of taking of prior art or invest big contaminated environment occurs, simultaneously can handle house refuse effectively again, house refuse is turned waste into wealth, employing has the transport tape of magnetic force suction means, can effectively battery be separated, prevent the rubbish after noxious material in the battery pollute to separate.
Here, with separate the back and batter down, pulverize after house refuse squirt flushing earlier and remove alkaline matter after, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes.Like this, the fertilizer of being produced just can adapt to various environments for use.
Automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus of the present invention is to realize like this, comprise garbage machine, beating crusher, pulverizer, garbage machine comprises garbage pool, be arranged on the barrier that has vibrating mechanism of garbage pool bottom, be arranged on the powered harrow on the garbage pool, be arranged on the transport tape that has the magnetic force suction means below the barrier, powered harrow comprises by powered rotation mechanism, rake by the drive of powered rotation mechanism, beating crusher comprises that being arranged on transport tape exports following basin, be arranged on the blade above the basin by actuating unit drive rotation, the bottom of basin is provided with mesh, be provided with transfer passage below the basin bottom part, the material inlet of pulverizer links to each other with the outlet of transfer passage, is provided with guide slide below transport tape.During work, house refuse is poured in the garbage pool, start the vibrating mechanism of barrier then, simultaneously, start powered rotation mechanism and drive the rake rotation, one can the combing house refuse, two just the rubbish in the polybag break up out, so that remove the inorganic article of bulk, plastic products, other outer rubbish of polybag falls on the transport tape through barrier, the material that has ferromagnetic material in the rubbish is attracted on the transport tape of magnetic force suction means effect, and when below running to transport tape and after having broken away from the effect of magnetic force suction means, dropping to guide slide in the gravity effect is separated, rubbish after the separation is then fallen in the basin in the outlet of transport tape, simultaneously, start blade, with the plant in the basin, soft organic waste in the organic wastes such as animal batters down, by these rubbish of being battered down together with other hard rubbish (as bone, small particle minerals matter) mesh of process basin bottom part, the following transfer passage of basin bottom part enters pulverizer, pulverizer is pulverized the hard rubbish in the rubbish, the rubbish that these are disposed is air-dry at last, just becomes fertilizer.The inorganic article of the bulk of separating, plastic products, polybag are sent to recycling.
Here, in order more effectively the rubbish in the polybag to be broken up out, be provided with several nails on barrier, like this, during powered harrow raking rubbish, simultaneously passive power rake of polybag meeting and nail hook are broken, thereby make the rubbish in the polybag be broken up out.
Here, the powered rotation mechanism of powered harrow comprises motor, and by the sprocket wheel of driven by motor, by the chain that sprocket wheel drives, several rakes are fixed on the chain.
Outlet at pulverizer is connected with the rubbish flushing tank, and the rubbish flushing tank comprises tipping bucket, is arranged on the water spray system above the tipping bucket.During use, the rubbish after handling is put in the tipping bucket, by water spray system the alkaline flushing in the rubbish is come out then,, make things convenient for it to use so that the Acidity of Aikalinity of the rubbish after air-dry is neutral.
Compared with the prior art the present invention has and need not take that utility can obtain advantage reuse, that be not easy contaminated environment effectively in a large amount of soils, the rubbish.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
The side structure schematic diagram of Fig. 2 garbage machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of beating crusher.
The specific embodiment:
Now in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments the present invention is described in further detail:
As shown in the figure, automatic sorting rubbish processing method of the present invention is achieved in that and comprises the operation of rubbish being broken up and inorganic article, plastic products, the polybag of bulk being separated successively from rubbish; The operation that rubbish after separating is battered down, pulverizes; To separate the back and batter down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing, the operation that rubbish is broken up is that house refuse is put on the barrier that has vibration, constantly turn over the rake house refuse with the rake hook simultaneously, so that the rubbish in the polybag is broken up out, the barrier that is vibrating will be except that the inorganic article of bulk, the plastic products of bulk, the rubbish of other that polybag is outer is separated on the transport tape that has the magnetic force suction means below the barrier, the rubbish that will have a permeability magnetic material by the magnetic force suction means is drawn from rubbish and is separated, rubbish after will separating is then delivered to the rubbish after separating is battered down, on the operation of pulverizing, rubbish after will separating batters down, in the operation of pulverizing, organic substance in the house refuse after will separating with rotation of blade is earlier smashed, adopt the inorganic substances in the house refuse after pulverizer will separate to pulverize then, at last, by separating the back and battering down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing will be separated the back and be battered down, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes of house refuse after the pulverizing.
With separate the back and batter down, pulverize after house refuse squirt flushing earlier and remove alkaline matter after, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes.
As Fig. 1,2, shown in 3, automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus of the present invention is to realize like this, comprise garbage machine 1, beating crusher 2, pulverizer 3, garbage machine 1 comprises garbage pool 4, be arranged on the barrier that has vibrating mechanism 56 of garbage pool 4 bottoms, be arranged on the transport tape that has magnetic force suction means 23 22 below the barrier 6, be arranged on the powered harrow 7 on the garbage pool 4, powered harrow 7 comprises by powered rotation mechanism 8, rake 9 by 8 drives of powered rotation mechanism, beating crusher 2 comprises that being arranged on transport tape 22 exports following basin 10, be arranged on the blade 12 above the basin 10 by actuating unit 11 drive rotations, the bottom of basin 10 is provided with mesh 13, be provided with transfer passage 14 below basin 10 bottoms, the material inlet 15 of pulverizer 3 links to each other with the outlet 16 of transfer passage, is provided with guide slide 24 below transport tape 22.
On barrier 6, be provided with several nails 17.
The powered rotation mechanism 8 of powered harrow 7 comprises motor 8a, and by the sprocket wheel 8b of motor 8a drive, by the chain 8c that sprocket wheel 8b drives, several rakes 9 are fixed on the chain 8c.
Outlet 18 at pulverizer 3 is connected with rubbish flushing tank 19, and rubbish flushing tank 19 comprises tipping bucket 20, is arranged on the water spray system 21 above the tipping bucket 20.
Here, magnetic force suction means 23 is permanent magnets, and permanent magnet 23 is arranged in the cylinder 25 in transport tape 22 exits.Ability for the separation ferromagnetic material that strengthens transport tape 22, be provided with permanent magnet 26 up and down between transport tape at transport tape 22, the transport tape up and down of conveyer belt is provided with baffle plate 27, and the effect of baffle plate 27 is to have the magneticaction scope of the material band of ferromagnetic material from permanent magnet 23.

Claims (10)

1. automatic household garbage classification treatment method is characterized in that comprising successively the operation of rubbish being broken up and inorganic article, plastic products, the polybag of bulk being separated from rubbish; The operation that rubbish after separating is battered down, pulverizes; To separate the back and batter down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing, the operation that rubbish is broken up is that house refuse is put on the barrier that has vibration, constantly turn over the rake house refuse with the rake hook simultaneously, so that the rubbish in the polybag is broken up out, the barrier that is vibrating will be except that the inorganic article of bulk, the plastic products of bulk, the rubbish of other that polybag is outer is separated on the transport tape that has the magnetic force suction means below the barrier, the rubbish that will have a ferromagnetic material by the magnetic force suction means is drawn from rubbish and is separated, rubbish after will separating is then delivered to the rubbish after separating is battered down, on the operation of pulverizing, rubbish after will separating batters down, in the operation of pulverizing, organic substance in the house refuse after will separating with rotation of blade is earlier smashed, adopt the inorganic substances in the house refuse after pulverizer will separate to pulverize then, at last, by separating the back and battering down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing will be separated the back and be battered down, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes of house refuse after the pulverizing.
2. automatic household garbage classification treatment method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that with separate the back and batter down, pulverize after house refuse squirt flushing earlier and remove alkaline matter after, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes.
3. automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus, it is characterized in that comprising garbage machine, beating crusher, pulverizer, garbage machine comprises garbage pool, be arranged on the barrier that has vibrating mechanism of garbage pool bottom, be arranged on the powered harrow on the garbage pool, be arranged on the transport tape that has the magnetic force suction means below the barrier, powered harrow comprises by powered rotation mechanism, rake by the drive of powered rotation mechanism, beating crusher comprises that being arranged on transport tape exports following basin, be arranged on the blade above the basin by actuating unit drive rotation, the bottom of basin is provided with mesh, be provided with transfer passage below the basin bottom part, the material inlet of pulverizer links to each other with the outlet of transfer passage, is provided with guide slide below transport tape.
4. automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus according to claim 3 is characterized in that being connected with the rubbish flushing tank in the outlet of pulverizer, and the rubbish flushing tank comprises tipping bucket, is arranged on the water spray system above the tipping bucket.
5. according to claim 3 or 4 described automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus, it is characterized in that on barrier, being provided with several nails.
6. according to claim 3 or 4 described automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus, it is characterized in that the powered rotation mechanism of powered harrow comprises motor, by the sprocket wheel of driven by motor, by the chain that sprocket wheel drives, several rakes are fixed on the chain.
7. automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus according to claim 5 is characterized in that the powered rotation mechanism of powered harrow comprises motor, and by the sprocket wheel of driven by motor, by the chain that sprocket wheel drives, several rakes are fixed on the chain.
8. according to claim 3 or 4 or 7 described automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus, it is characterized in that the magnetic force suction means is a permanent magnet, permanent magnet is arranged in the cylinder in transport tape exit.
9. automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus according to claim 8, it is characterized in that transport tape be provided with permanent magnet up and down between transport tape, the transport tape up and down of conveyer belt is provided with baffle plate.
10. automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus according to claim 6, it is characterized in that the magnetic force suction means is a permanent magnet, permanent magnet is arranged in the cylinder in transport tape exit, transport tape be provided with permanent magnet up and down between transport tape, the transport tape up and down of conveyer belt is provided with baffle plate.
CN2010102320307A 2010-07-15 2010-07-15 Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device Expired - Fee Related CN101905236B (en)

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CN2010102320307A CN101905236B (en) 2010-07-15 2010-07-15 Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101905236B CN101905236B (en) 2012-10-31

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102225417A (en) * 2011-05-20 2011-10-26 李长利 Method for harmlessly treating domestic garbage
CN102836823A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-12-26 刘素华 High-efficiency and energy-saving gravitational garbage sorting system
CN102991780A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-03-27 金红叶纸业集团有限公司 Pulp pocket conveying system
CN104260960A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-01-07 重庆前卫科技集团有限公司 Powder bag opening device
CN105195496A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-30 叶澄 Kitchen waste crushing system and method
CN106890725A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-27 王爽 A kind of lithium battery screens magnetic separator de-ironing with graphite powder
CN107263703A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-10-20 杜辉 A kind of mud environment protection wall body brick manufacture device and production method
CN110258403A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-20 成秀东 A kind of intelligence road cleaner
CN110421745A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-08 虞刚 A kind of house refuse polybag separation platform

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1155452A (en) * 1996-06-03 1997-07-30 北京绿色环境工程技术研究所 Separating and recovering apparatus for garbage before fermentation treatment
CN1198426A (en) * 1997-05-06 1998-11-11 陈喜良 Method for converting town domestic refuse into compound fertilizer and device thereof
KR20040001107A (en) * 2002-06-27 2004-01-07 주식회사 가이아 System for treating waste materials
CN101274322A (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-01 杨计明 Method for sorting consumer waste

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1155452A (en) * 1996-06-03 1997-07-30 北京绿色环境工程技术研究所 Separating and recovering apparatus for garbage before fermentation treatment
CN1198426A (en) * 1997-05-06 1998-11-11 陈喜良 Method for converting town domestic refuse into compound fertilizer and device thereof
KR20040001107A (en) * 2002-06-27 2004-01-07 주식회사 가이아 System for treating waste materials
CN101274322A (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-01 杨计明 Method for sorting consumer waste

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102225417A (en) * 2011-05-20 2011-10-26 李长利 Method for harmlessly treating domestic garbage
CN102836823B (en) * 2011-06-21 2016-03-02 刘素华 Gravitational high-efficiency energy-saving garbage sorting system
CN102836823A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-12-26 刘素华 High-efficiency and energy-saving gravitational garbage sorting system
CN102991780A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-03-27 金红叶纸业集团有限公司 Pulp pocket conveying system
CN102991780B (en) * 2012-12-18 2015-04-29 金红叶纸业集团有限公司 Pulp pocket conveying system
CN104260960A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-01-07 重庆前卫科技集团有限公司 Powder bag opening device
CN104260960B (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-08-03 重庆前卫科技集团有限公司 A kind of powder lot in bags drives bagging apparatus
CN105195496A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-30 叶澄 Kitchen waste crushing system and method
CN105195496B (en) * 2015-10-13 2017-11-07 丁杨洋 Kitchen garbage breaking system and method
CN106890725A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-27 王爽 A kind of lithium battery screens magnetic separator de-ironing with graphite powder
CN107263703A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-10-20 杜辉 A kind of mud environment protection wall body brick manufacture device and production method
CN107263703B (en) * 2017-06-27 2019-01-11 杜辉 A kind of mud environment protection wall body brick manufacturing device and production method
CN110258403A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-20 成秀东 A kind of intelligence road cleaner
CN110421745A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-08 虞刚 A kind of house refuse polybag separation platform
CN110421745B (en) * 2019-08-14 2021-09-21 南京六合高新建设发展有限公司 Domestic waste plastic bag separation platform

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