CN101791620B - Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device - Google Patents

Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101791620B
CN101791620B CN201010121009XA CN201010121009A CN101791620B CN 101791620 B CN101791620 B CN 101791620B CN 201010121009X A CN201010121009X A CN 201010121009XA CN 201010121009 A CN201010121009 A CN 201010121009A CN 101791620 B CN101791620 B CN 101791620B
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China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
garbage
house refuse
separating
basin
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201010121009XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101791620A (en
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陆锦珠
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201010121009XA priority Critical patent/CN101791620B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and a device. The invention has the following characteristics that: the system comprises a garbage sorter, a breaker and a grinder, the garbage sorter comprises a garbage tank, a grid and a powered harrow, the grid with a vibrating mechanism is arranged on the bottom of the garbage tank, the powered harrow is arranged on the garbage tank, and comprises a powered rotating mechanism and harrows driven by the powered rotating mechanism, the breaker comprises a basin and a blade, the basin is arranged under the grid of the garbage tank, the blade is arranged over the basin and driven by a power mechanism to rotate, the bottom of the basin is provided with meshes, a delivery passage is arranged under the bottom of the basin, and the material inlet of the grinder is connected with the outlet of the delivery passage. Compared with the prior art, the invention does not need to occupy a great deal of land, can effectively recycle useful substances in garbage and cannot easily pollute the environment.

Description

Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of Rubbish Processing Method and Device.
Background technology:
Existing domestic rubbish disposal mode has two kinds, and a kind of is the mode of landfill; A kind of is the mode of burning.Adopt land-fill method need take a large amount of soils; Equipment investment is big since the mode of adopt burning, and two burn and can produce the pernicious gas contaminated environment, and the utility in the rubbish can not be recycled effectively.
Goal of the invention:
Goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide a kind of need not take that utility can obtain automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device reuse, that be not easy contaminated environment effectively in a large amount of soils, the rubbish.
Automatic sorting rubbish processing method of the present invention is achieved in that and comprises the operation that rubbish is broken up and inorganic article, plastic products, the polybag of bulk are separated successively from rubbish; The operation that rubbish after separating is battered down, pulverizes; With separating afterwards and the air-dry operation of rubbish after battering down, pulverizing; The operation that rubbish is broken up is that house refuse is put on the barrier that has vibration; Constantly turn over the rake house refuse with the rake hook simultaneously; So that the rubbish in the polybag is broken up out, on the operation that the rubbish that the barrier that is vibrating will be below the plastic products of the inorganic article of bulk, bulk, other rubbish the polybag be separated to barrier after will separating batters down, pulverizes, in the operation that the rubbish after will separating batters down, pulverizes; Organic substance in the house refuse after will separating with rotation of blade is earlier smashed; Adopt the inorganic substances in the house refuse after pulverizer will separate to pulverize then, last, through will separate the back and batter down, pulverize after the air-dry operation of rubbish will separate afterwards and the air-dry fertilizer that becomes of house refuse after battering down, pulverizing.Because the composition of house refuse mainly is inorganic article (vial etc.), plastic products, the polybag that comprises the organic food of plant, animal and load these food; And inorganic article, plastic products, polybag can recyclings; The organic food that comprises plant, animal is a kind of good organic fertilizer, as long as two types of separating substances are come out, just can utilize these materials effectively; Like this; The situation that can avoid a large amount of soils of taking of prior art perhaps to invest big contaminated environment occurs, and can handle house refuse effectively again simultaneously, and house refuse is turned waste into wealth.
Here, with separate the back and batter down, pulverize after house refuse squirt flushing earlier and remove alkaline matter after, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes.Like this, the fertilizer of being produced just can adapt to various environments for use.
Automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus of the present invention is to realize like this; Comprise garbage machine, beating crusher, pulverizer; Garbage machine comprises garbage pool, is arranged on the barrier that has vibrating mechanism of garbage pool bottom, is arranged on the powered harrow on the garbage pool; Powered harrow comprises the rake that drives by powered rotation mechanism, by powered rotation mechanism, and beating crusher comprises basin below the barrier that is arranged on garbage pool, be arranged on and drive the blade that rotates by actuating unit above the basin, and the bottom of basin is provided with mesh; Be provided with transfer passage below the basin bottom part, the material inlet of pulverizer links to each other with the outlet of transfer passage.During work, house refuse is poured in the garbage pool, starts the vibrating mechanism of barrier then; Simultaneously, start powered rotation mechanism and drive rake and rotate, one can the combing house refuse; Two just the rubbish in the polybag break up out so that other rubbish except that the inorganic article of bulk, plastic products, polybag drops in the basin, through barrier simultaneously; Start blade; Soft organic waste in the organic wastes such as the plant in the basin, animal is battered down, and these rubbish that battered down get into pulverizer together with other hard rubbish (like bone, small particle minerals matter) through the mesh of basin bottom part, the following transfer passage of basin bottom part, and pulverizer is pulverized the hard rubbish in the rubbish; At last that these rubbish that dispose are air-dry, just become fertilizer.The inorganic article of the bulk of separating, plastic products, polybag are sent to recycling.
Here, in order more effectively the rubbish in the polybag to be broken up out, on barrier, be provided with several nails, like this, during powered harrow raking rubbish, simultaneously passive power rake of polybag meeting and nail hook are broken, thereby make the rubbish in the polybag broken up out.
Here, the powered rotation mechanism of powered harrow comprises motor, and by the sprocket wheel of driven by motor, by the chain that sprocket wheel drives, several rakes are fixed on the chain.
Outlet at pulverizer is connected with the rubbish flushing tank, and the rubbish flushing tank comprises tipping bucket, is arranged on the water spray system above the tipping bucket.During use, the rubbish after handling is put in the tipping bucket, through water spray system the alkaline flushing in the rubbish is come out then,, make things convenient for it to use so that the Acidity of Aikalinity of the rubbish after air-dry is neutral.
Compared with present technology the present invention has and need not take that utility can obtain advantage reuse, that be not easy contaminated environment effectively in a large amount of soils, the rubbish.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2;
Fig. 3 is the side structure sketch map of garbage machine of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of beating crusher.
The specific embodiment:
Combine accompanying drawing and embodiment that the present invention is described in further detail at present:
As shown in the figure, automatic sorting rubbish processing method of the present invention is achieved in that and comprises the operation that rubbish is broken up and inorganic article, plastic products, the polybag of bulk are separated successively from rubbish; The operation that rubbish after separating is battered down, pulverizes; With separating afterwards and the air-dry operation of rubbish after battering down, pulverizing; The operation that rubbish is broken up is that house refuse is put on the barrier that has vibration; Constantly turn over the rake house refuse with the rake hook simultaneously; So that the rubbish in the polybag is broken up out, on the operation that the rubbish that the barrier that is vibrating will be below the plastic products of the inorganic article of bulk, bulk, other rubbish the polybag be separated to barrier after will separating batters down, pulverizes, in the operation that the rubbish after will separating batters down, pulverizes; Organic substance in the house refuse after will separating with rotation of blade is earlier smashed; Adopt the inorganic substances in the house refuse after pulverizer will separate to pulverize then, last, through will separate the back and batter down, pulverize after the air-dry operation of rubbish will separate afterwards and the air-dry fertilizer that becomes of house refuse after battering down, pulverizing.
With separate the back and batter down, pulverize after house refuse squirt flushing earlier and remove alkaline matter after, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes.
Embodiment 1: like Fig. 1,2, shown in 3; Automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus of the present invention is to realize like this; Comprise garbage machine 1, beating crusher 2, pulverizer 3; Garbage machine 1 comprises garbage pool 4, is arranged on the barrier that has vibrating mechanism 56 of garbage pool 4 bottoms, is arranged on the powered harrow 7 on the garbage pool 4; Powered harrow 7 comprises the rake 9 that drives by powered rotation mechanism 8, by powered rotation mechanism 8, and beating crusher 2 comprises basin 10 below the barrier 6 that is arranged on garbage pool 4, be arranged on and drive the blade 12 that rotates by actuating unit 11 above the basin 10, and the bottom of basin 10 is provided with mesh 13; Be provided with transfer passage 14 below basin 10 bottoms, the material inlet 15 of pulverizer 3 links to each other with the outlet 16 of transfer passage.
On barrier 6, be provided with several nails 17.
The powered rotation mechanism 8 of powered harrow 7 comprises motor 8a, and by the sprocket wheel 8b of motor 8a drive, by the chain 8c that sprocket wheel 8b drives, several rakes 9 are fixed on the chain 8c.
Outlet 18 at pulverizer 3 is connected with rubbish flushing tank 19, and rubbish flushing tank 19 comprises tipping bucket 20, is arranged on the water spray system 21 above the tipping bucket 20.
Embodiment 2: present embodiment is on the basis of embodiment 1, can not separate harmful solid refuse (like battery) through garbage machine 1 and get on the beating crusher 2 in order to prevent some, at garbage machine 1 and 2 of beating crushers garbage sorting conveyer belt 22 is set.Like this; The separation of getting off from garbage machine 1 house refuse of the inorganic article of bulk, plastic products, polybag drop on earlier on the garbage sorting conveyer belt 22; Sort out through the perhaps mechanical harmful solid refuse (like battery) of manual work, and then deliver on the beating crusher 2 the inside.

Claims (2)

1. automatic household garbage classification treatment method is characterized in that comprising successively rubbish is broken up and with the inorganic article of bulk, the plastic products of bulk, the operation that polybag is separated from rubbish; The operation that rubbish after separating is battered down, pulverizes; With separating afterwards and the air-dry operation of rubbish after battering down, pulverizing; The operation that rubbish is broken up is that house refuse is put on the barrier that has vibration; Constantly turn over the rake house refuse with the rake hook simultaneously; So that the rubbish in the polybag is broken up out, on the operation that the rubbish that the barrier that is vibrating will be below the plastic products of the inorganic article of bulk, bulk, other rubbish the polybag be separated to barrier after will separating batters down, pulverizes, in the operation that the rubbish after will separating batters down, pulverizes; Organic substance in the house refuse after will separating with rotation of blade is earlier smashed; Adopt the inorganic substances in the house refuse after pulverizer will separate to pulverize then, last, through will separate the back and batter down, pulverize after the air-dry operation of rubbish will separate afterwards and the air-dry fertilizer that becomes of house refuse after battering down, pulverizing.
2. automatic household garbage classification treatment method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that with separate the back and batter down, pulverize after house refuse squirt flushing earlier and remove alkaline matter after, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes.
CN201010121009XA 2010-03-03 2010-03-03 Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device Expired - Fee Related CN101791620B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010121009XA CN101791620B (en) 2010-03-03 2010-03-03 Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010121009XA CN101791620B (en) 2010-03-03 2010-03-03 Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device

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CN101791620A CN101791620A (en) 2010-08-04
CN101791620B true CN101791620B (en) 2012-06-27

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109205135B (en) * 2018-09-25 2021-05-28 康洁科技集团有限公司 Garbage disposal device convenient to classify
CN110773552B (en) * 2019-11-01 2021-06-15 安徽工业大学 Dry and wet garbage classification device of environment-friendly cleaning intelligent robot
CN114378101B (en) * 2022-01-12 2023-11-28 苏州市职业大学 Kitchen waste treatment device

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1155452A (en) * 1996-06-03 1997-07-30 北京绿色环境工程技术研究所 Separating and recovering apparatus for garbage before fermentation treatment
CN1198426A (en) * 1997-05-06 1998-11-11 陈喜良 Method for converting town domestic refuse into compound fertilizer and device thereof
CN2435164Y (en) * 2000-08-20 2001-06-20 钱达 Equipment for disposal of municipal refuse
KR100437874B1 (en) * 2002-06-27 2004-06-30 주식회사 가이아 System for treating waste materials
CN101274322A (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-01 杨计明 Method for sorting consumer waste
CN201632471U (en) * 2010-03-03 2010-11-17 陆锦珠 Auto-sorted house refuse processing unit

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Granted publication date: 20120627

Termination date: 20130303