CN101791620A - Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device - Google Patents

Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101791620A
CN101791620A CN201010121009A CN201010121009A CN101791620A CN 101791620 A CN101791620 A CN 101791620A CN 201010121009 A CN201010121009 A CN 201010121009A CN 201010121009 A CN201010121009 A CN 201010121009A CN 101791620 A CN101791620 A CN 101791620A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
garbage
basin
powered
barrier
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Granted
Application number
CN201010121009A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101791620B (en
Inventor
陆锦珠
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陆锦珠
区国辉
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Priority to CN201010121009XA priority Critical patent/CN101791620B/en
Publication of CN101791620A publication Critical patent/CN101791620A/en
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Publication of CN101791620B publication Critical patent/CN101791620B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and a device. The invention has the following characteristics that: the system comprises a garbage sorter, a breaker and a grinder, the garbage sorter comprises a garbage tank, a grid and a powered harrow, the grid with a vibrating mechanism is arranged on the bottom of the garbage tank, the powered harrow is arranged on the garbage tank, and comprises a powered rotating mechanism and harrows driven by the powered rotating mechanism, the breaker comprises a basin and a blade, the basin is arranged under the grid of the garbage tank, the blade is arranged over the basin and driven by a power mechanism to rotate, the bottom of the basin is provided with meshes, a delivery passage is arranged under the bottom of the basin, and the material inlet of the grinder is connected with the outlet of the delivery passage. Compared with the prior art, the invention does not need to occupy a great deal of land, can effectively recycle useful substances in garbage and cannot easily pollute the environment.

Description

Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of Rubbish Processing Method and Device.
Background technology:
Existing domestic rubbish disposal mode has two kinds, and a kind of is the mode of landfill; A kind of is the mode of burning.Adopt land-fill method need take a large amount of soils; Equipment investment is big since the mode of adopt burning, and two burn and can produce the pernicious gas contaminated environment, and the utility in the rubbish can not be recycled effectively.
Goal of the invention:
Goal of the invention of the present invention is to provide a kind of need not take that utility can obtain automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device reuse, that be not easy contaminated environment effectively in a large amount of soils, the rubbish.
Automatic sorting rubbish processing method of the present invention is achieved in that and comprises the operation of rubbish being broken up and inorganic article, plastic products, the polybag of bulk being separated successively from rubbish; The operation that rubbish after separating is battered down, pulverizes; To separate the back and batter down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing, the operation that rubbish is broken up is that house refuse is put on the barrier that has vibration, constantly turn over the rake house refuse with the rake hook simultaneously, so that the rubbish in the polybag is broken up out, the barrier that is vibrating will be except that the inorganic article of bulk, the plastic products of bulk, the rubbish that the rubbish of other that polybag is outer will be separated to after will separate below the barrier batters down, on the operation of pulverizing, rubbish after will separating batters down, in the operation of pulverizing, organic substance in the house refuse after will separating with rotation of blade is earlier smashed, adopt the inorganic substances in the house refuse after pulverizer will separate to pulverize then, at last, by separating the back and battering down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing will be separated the back and be battered down, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes of house refuse after the pulverizing.Because the composition of house refuse mainly is to comprise plant, animal is at interior organic food and the inorganic article (vial etc.) that load these food, plastic products, polybag, and inorganic article, plastic products, polybag can recycling, comprise plant, animal is a kind of good organic fertilizer at interior organic food, as long as two class separating substances are come out, just can utilize these materials effectively, like this, the situation that can avoid a large amount of soils of taking of prior art or invest big contaminated environment occurs, simultaneously can handle house refuse effectively again, house refuse is turned waste into wealth.
Here, with separate the back and batter down, pulverize after house refuse squirt flushing earlier and remove alkaline matter after, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes.Like this, the fertilizer of being produced just can adapt to various environments for use.
Automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus of the present invention is to realize like this, comprise garbage machine, beating crusher, pulverizer, garbage machine comprises garbage pool, be arranged on the barrier that has vibrating mechanism of garbage pool bottom, be arranged on the powered harrow on the garbage pool, powered harrow comprises by powered rotation mechanism, rake by the drive of powered rotation mechanism, beating crusher comprises the basin below the barrier that is arranged on garbage pool, be arranged on the blade above the basin by actuating unit drive rotation, the bottom of basin is provided with mesh, be provided with transfer passage below the basin bottom part, the material inlet of pulverizer links to each other with the outlet of transfer passage.During work, house refuse is poured in the garbage pool, start the vibrating mechanism of barrier then, simultaneously, start powered rotation mechanism and drive the rake rotation, one can the combing house refuse, two just the rubbish in the polybag break up out, so that remove the inorganic article of bulk, plastic products, other outer rubbish of polybag drops in the basin through barrier, simultaneously, start blade, with the plant in the basin, soft organic waste in the organic wastes such as animal batters down, by these rubbish of being battered down together with other hard rubbish (as bone, small particle minerals matter) mesh of process basin bottom part, the following transfer passage of basin bottom part enters pulverizer, and pulverizer is pulverized the hard rubbish in the rubbish, the rubbish that these are disposed is air-dry at last, just becomes fertilizer.The inorganic article of the bulk of separating, plastic products, polybag are sent to recycling.
Here, in order more effectively the rubbish in the polybag to be broken up out, be provided with several nails on barrier, like this, during powered harrow raking rubbish, simultaneously passive power rake of polybag meeting and nail hook are broken, thereby make the rubbish in the polybag be broken up out.
Here, the powered rotation mechanism of powered harrow comprises motor, and by the sprocket wheel of driven by motor, by the chain that sprocket wheel drives, several rakes are fixed on the chain.
Outlet at pulverizer is connected with the rubbish flushing tank, and the rubbish flushing tank comprises tipping bucket, is arranged on the water spray system above the tipping bucket.During use, the rubbish after handling is put in the tipping bucket, by water spray system the alkaline flushing in the rubbish is come out then,, make things convenient for it to use so that the Acidity of Aikalinity of the rubbish after air-dry is neutral.
Compared with the prior art the present invention has and need not take that utility can obtain advantage reuse, that be not easy contaminated environment effectively in a large amount of soils, the rubbish.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2;
Fig. 3 is the side structure schematic diagram of garbage machine of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of beating crusher.
The specific embodiment:
Now in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments the present invention is described in further detail:
As shown in the figure, automatic sorting rubbish processing method of the present invention is achieved in that and comprises the operation of rubbish being broken up and inorganic article, plastic products, the polybag of bulk being separated successively from rubbish; The operation that rubbish after separating is battered down, pulverizes; To separate the back and batter down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing, the operation that rubbish is broken up is that house refuse is put on the barrier that has vibration, constantly turn over the rake house refuse with the rake hook simultaneously, so that the rubbish in the polybag is broken up out, the barrier that is vibrating will be except that the inorganic article of bulk, the plastic products of bulk, the rubbish that the rubbish of other that polybag is outer will be separated to after will separate below the barrier batters down, on the operation of pulverizing, rubbish after will separating batters down, in the operation of pulverizing, organic substance in the house refuse after will separating with rotation of blade is earlier smashed, adopt the inorganic substances in the house refuse after pulverizer will separate to pulverize then, at last, by separating the back and battering down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing will be separated the back and be battered down, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes of house refuse after the pulverizing.
With separate the back and batter down, pulverize after house refuse squirt flushing earlier and remove alkaline matter after, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes.
Embodiment 1: as Fig. 1,2, shown in 3, automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus of the present invention is to realize like this, comprise garbage machine 1, beating crusher 2, pulverizer 3, garbage machine 1 comprises garbage pool 4, be arranged on the barrier that has vibrating mechanism 56 of garbage pool 4 bottoms, be arranged on the powered harrow 7 on the garbage pool 4, powered harrow 7 comprises by powered rotation mechanism 8, rake 9 by 8 drives of powered rotation mechanism, beating crusher 2 comprises the basin 10 below the barrier 6 that is arranged on garbage pool 4, be arranged on the blade 12 above the basin 10 by actuating unit 11 drive rotations, the bottom of basin 10 is provided with mesh 13, be provided with transfer passage 14 below basin 10 bottoms, the material inlet 15 of pulverizer 3 links to each other with the outlet 16 of transfer passage.
On barrier 6, be provided with several nails 17.
The powered rotation mechanism 8 of powered harrow 7 comprises motor 8a, and by the sprocket wheel 8b of motor 8a drive, by the chain 8c that sprocket wheel 8b drives, several rakes 9 are fixed on the chain 8c.
Outlet 18 at pulverizer 3 is connected with rubbish flushing tank 19, and rubbish flushing tank 19 comprises tipping bucket 20, is arranged on the water spray system 21 above the tipping bucket 20.
Embodiment 2: present embodiment is on the basis of embodiment 1, can not separate harmful solid refuse (as battery) by garbage machine 1 and enter on the beating crusher 2 in order to prevent some, at garbage machine 1 and 2 of beating crushers garbage sorting conveyer belt 22 is set.Like this, the separation of getting off from garbage machine 1 house refuse of the inorganic article of bulk, plastic products, polybag drop on earlier on the garbage sorting conveyer belt 22, sort out by artificial or machinery harmful solid refuse (as battery), and then deliver on the beating crusher 2 the inside.

Claims (10)

1. automatic household garbage classification treatment method is characterized in that comprising successively the operation of rubbish being broken up and inorganic article, plastic products, the polybag of bulk being separated from rubbish; The operation that rubbish after separating is battered down, pulverizes; To separate the back and batter down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing, the operation that rubbish is broken up is that house refuse is put on the barrier that has vibration, constantly turn over the rake house refuse with the rake hook simultaneously, so that the rubbish in the polybag is broken up out, the barrier that is vibrating will be except that the inorganic article of bulk, the plastic products of bulk, the rubbish that the rubbish of other that polybag is outer will be separated to after will separate below the barrier batters down, on the operation of pulverizing, rubbish after will separating batters down, in the operation of pulverizing, organic substance in the house refuse after will separating with rotation of blade is earlier smashed, adopt the inorganic substances in the house refuse after pulverizer will separate to pulverize then, at last, by separating the back and battering down, the air-dry operation of rubbish after the pulverizing will be separated the back and be battered down, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes of house refuse after the pulverizing.
2. automatic household garbage classification treatment method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that with separate the back and batter down, pulverize after house refuse squirt flushing earlier and remove alkaline matter after, the air-dry fertilizer that becomes.
3. automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus, it is characterized in that comprising garbage machine, beating crusher, pulverizer, garbage machine comprises garbage pool, be arranged on the barrier that has vibrating mechanism of garbage pool bottom, be arranged on the powered harrow on the garbage pool, powered harrow comprises by powered rotation mechanism, rake by the drive of powered rotation mechanism, beating crusher comprises the basin below the barrier that is arranged on garbage pool, be arranged on the blade above the basin by actuating unit drive rotation, the bottom of basin is provided with mesh, be provided with transfer passage below the basin bottom part, the material inlet of pulverizer links to each other with the outlet of transfer passage.
4. automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus according to claim 3 is characterized in that being connected with the rubbish flushing tank in the outlet of pulverizer, and the rubbish flushing tank comprises tipping bucket, is arranged on the water spray system above the tipping bucket.
5. according to claim 3 or 4 described automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus, it is characterized in that on barrier, being provided with several nails.
6. according to claim 3 or 4 described automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus, it is characterized in that the powered rotation mechanism of powered harrow comprises motor, by the sprocket wheel of driven by motor, by the chain that sprocket wheel drives, several rakes are fixed on the chain.
7. automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus according to claim 5 is characterized in that the powered rotation mechanism of powered harrow comprises motor, and by the sprocket wheel of driven by motor, by the chain that sprocket wheel drives, several rakes are fixed on the chain.
8. according to claim 3 or 4 or 7 described automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus, it is characterized in that between garbage machine and beating crusher, being provided with the garbage sorting conveyer belt.
9. automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus according to claim 5 is characterized in that being provided with the garbage sorting conveyer belt between garbage machine and beating crusher.
10. automatic household garbage classification treating apparatus according to claim 6 is characterized in that being provided with the garbage sorting conveyer belt between garbage machine and beating crusher.
CN201010121009XA 2010-03-03 2010-03-03 Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device Expired - Fee Related CN101791620B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010121009XA CN101791620B (en) 2010-03-03 2010-03-03 Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010121009XA CN101791620B (en) 2010-03-03 2010-03-03 Automatic sorted household garbage disposal method and device

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CN101791620A true CN101791620A (en) 2010-08-04
CN101791620B CN101791620B (en) 2012-06-27

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109205135A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-01-15 王大幸 A kind of refuse disposal installation convenient for classification
CN110773552A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-02-11 安徽工业大学 Dry and wet garbage classification device of environment-friendly cleaning intelligent robot

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1155452A (en) * 1996-06-03 1997-07-30 北京绿色环境工程技术研究所 Separating and recovering apparatus for garbage before fermentation treatment
CN1198426A (en) * 1997-05-06 1998-11-11 陈喜良 Method for converting town domestic refuse into compound fertilizer and device thereof
CN2435164Y (en) * 2000-08-20 2001-06-20 钱达 Equipment for disposal of municipal refuse
KR20040001107A (en) * 2002-06-27 2004-01-07 주식회사 가이아 System for treating waste materials
CN101274322A (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-01 杨计明 Method for sorting consumer waste
CN201632471U (en) * 2010-03-03 2010-11-17 陆锦珠 Auto-sorted house refuse processing unit

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1155452A (en) * 1996-06-03 1997-07-30 北京绿色环境工程技术研究所 Separating and recovering apparatus for garbage before fermentation treatment
CN1198426A (en) * 1997-05-06 1998-11-11 陈喜良 Method for converting town domestic refuse into compound fertilizer and device thereof
CN2435164Y (en) * 2000-08-20 2001-06-20 钱达 Equipment for disposal of municipal refuse
KR20040001107A (en) * 2002-06-27 2004-01-07 주식회사 가이아 System for treating waste materials
CN101274322A (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-01 杨计明 Method for sorting consumer waste
CN201632471U (en) * 2010-03-03 2010-11-17 陆锦珠 Auto-sorted house refuse processing unit

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109205135A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-01-15 王大幸 A kind of refuse disposal installation convenient for classification
CN109205135B (en) * 2018-09-25 2021-05-28 康洁科技集团有限公司 Garbage disposal device convenient to classify
CN110773552A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-02-11 安徽工业大学 Dry and wet garbage classification device of environment-friendly cleaning intelligent robot
CN110773552B (en) * 2019-11-01 2021-06-15 安徽工业大学 Dry and wet garbage classification device of environment-friendly cleaning intelligent robot

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