CN202089299U - Wet unpacking separation device - Google Patents

Wet unpacking separation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202089299U
CN202089299U CN2011200831168U CN201120083116U CN202089299U CN 202089299 U CN202089299 U CN 202089299U CN 2011200831168 U CN2011200831168 U CN 2011200831168U CN 201120083116 U CN201120083116 U CN 201120083116U CN 202089299 U CN202089299 U CN 202089299U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
exterior cylinder
unpacking
wet
center rotating
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2011200831168U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王振显
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王振显
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Priority to CN2011200831168U priority Critical patent/CN202089299U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202089299U publication Critical patent/CN202089299U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A wet unpacking separation device relates to the processing technology of materials and comprises an outer cover, an outer cylinder body and a central rotating shaft. The axis of the central rotating shaft is arranged along the central line of the outer cylinder body, so that the outer cylinder body is wrapped outside the central rotating shaft in sleeving mode and a containing space for containing the materials is formed between the outer cylinder body and the central rotating shaft. The outer cylinder body and the central rotating shaft are covered in the outer cover and rotate around the axis respectively, and bag breaking blades are arranged on the inner wall of the outer cylinder body and the outer wall of the central rotating shaft respectively. Threads which have guiding and conveying functions to the traveling of the materials are arranged on the inner wall of the cylindrical body, a water spray device is arranged in the outer casing, and a plurality of through holes which are used for flushing water and throwing the materials out are arranged on the outer cylindrical casing. The wet unpacking separation device is suitable for treatment of packed material waste and mixed and collected material waste, is thorough in unpacking, does not produce new dust, and reduces even removes odor, thereby being a multifunctional device capable of unpacking, cleaning, crushing and classifying simultaneously.

Description

A kind of wet method disengagement gear of unpacking
Technical field
The utility model relates to the treatment technology of material such as rubbish, and especially a kind of wet method disengagement gear of unpacking is unpacked packed material such as rubbish, material such as rubbish are scattered from bag separate, simultaneously material by the lumpiness classification that varies in size.
Background technology
The rubbish that produces in the life claims house refuse.House refuse is deposited in dwelling district, and dust flies upward, a strong scent irritates the nose, and sewage overflows, and takies a large amount of soils.At present,, mainly contain three kinds of methods both at home and abroad to domestic rubbish disposal: the one, landfill; The 2nd, combustion power generation; The 3rd, fermentation produces fire gases and fertilizer.The landfill house refuse, bulky, need take a large amount of land resourcess, be stale-proof in 50 years, and cause secondary pollution; The combustion power generation investment is big, and discharges noxious gas, as " dioxin "; The fermentation process cycle is long, and organic matter and inorganic matter are difficult to whole separation.
In addition, also have especially merit attention at following 2:
One, the house refuse overwhelming majority adopts the methods of packed and mixed collection both at home and abroad, and every family in refuse bag (being generally plastic bag), is collected refuse collection and is entrucked and carried away by the environmental sanitation personnel.Therefore, during disposal of refuse, must at first rubbish to be scattered from bag, the rubbish that is contained in the bag of all kinds that mixes as organic matter, inorganic matter, light, heavy, brick sand, scrap metal and plastics or the like " hodgepodge " is scattered.
Its two, in the concrete processing method of rubbish, generally adopt dry type fragmentation and sorting, the rubbish that is about to collect is directly sent into and is carried out fragmentation in the crusher, the rubbish after the fragmentation carries out sorting through vibrating grizzly, cobber etc. again.Because rubbish is the dry type cracking and sorting, thereby stirs up a cloud of dust, stink to high heaven during work, environmental sanitation personnel's working environment is very abominable, and the waste or used plastics film bag that accounts for waste component 5% can not sort out and recycled.
Its three, existing bale breaker is only had an effect of broken bag, can not particle and sub-material, function is too single, handling for subsequent handling makes troubles.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is intended to overcome the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art, is provided at a kind of wet method of using in the water treatment system of material such as rubbish disengagement gear of unpacking.When refuse bag, can not produce new dust, alleviate even destroy foul odors, environmental sanitation personnel's working environment is greatly improved; It is very thorough to unpack, no matter the rubbish of sack, or the rubbish of pouch can both tear open broken, and rubbish is separated, and can not produce the phenomenon of Lou tearing open, can make various rubbish even image-stone head, brick and so on person is unimpeded and enter next procedure helplessly, can not cause card to block up phenomenon; Rubbish after unpacking is divided into the rubbish of two kinds of different lumpiness, except that having the function of unpacking and cleaning, also has the function of particle and classification, for a kind of possess simultaneously unpack, the multi-function device of cleaning, particle and classification.
For this reason, the unpack technical scheme of disengagement gear of a kind of wet method of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of wet method disengagement gear of unpacking comprises long barrel-contoured outer cover, exterior cylinder and a center rotating shaft; The axle center of center rotating shaft is along the line of centers setting of exterior cylinder, make exterior cylinder fit over outside the center rotating shaft and between form can ccontaining material accommodation space; Outer cover covers in exterior cylinder and center rotating shaft in it; Center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder rotate around the axle center respectively; On the inwall of exterior cylinder and be shaped on the blade of broken bag on the outer wall of center rotating shaft respectively; Inwall at exterior cylinder is made the screw thread that the walking of material is played guiding and conveying effect; Water injecting system is set in the outer cover, and the system of opening is a plurality of for the through hole of washing by water and partial material throws away on exterior cylinder.
Technique scheme is further set forth:
Center rotating shaft supports and is installed on the bracing frame by bearing seat.
Exterior cylinder is arranged on the mount pad, and exterior cylinder and mount pad form running-fit by track-type facilities.
Center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder are done to rotate in the same way, and the rotating speed of center rotating shaft is faster than the rotating speed of exterior cylinder.That is, center rotating shaft is in the high speed rotating state, and exterior cylinder is in the state that slowly runs.
Center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder tilt to be beneficial to material and water is derived from high to lower to an end synchronously, one end of the high position of exterior cylinder is the feed end of material, one end of the low level of exterior cylinder sets out hopper, and the material of broken bag is derived to enter down the treatment facility of step operation from discharge bucket.
The diapire of described outer cover is provided with the collection bucket of material and water spray, throws away the material of outer cover and water that hydro-peening is crossed to enter down the treatment facility of step operation with collection.
The coolant inlet pipe that the water injecting system that is provided with in outer cover inserts for the top in outer cover reaches nozzle or the spray orifice of making on coolant inlet pipe, described coolant inlet pipe is communicated with water service.
Center rotating shaft rotates under the driving of motor.
The rotation of exterior cylinder is by motor-driven, and its transmission device is gear mesh or chain sprocket drive.
Compare with prior art, the unpack beneficial effect of disengagement gear of a kind of wet method of the utility model is:
One, the utility model are specially adapted to the processing as rubbish of the life material of packed and mixed collection.Because the high speed rotating of central rotating shaft, the blade synchronous high-speed on it rotates, and simultaneously, adds the pressure dirt and the wash action of water spray, when tearing breaking garbage-bag open, can not produce new dust, alleviates even destroys foul odors, and environmental sanitation personnel's working environment is greatly improved; It is very thorough to unpack, no matter the rubbish of sack, or the rubbish of pouch can both tear open broken, can not produce the phenomenon of Lou tearing open, can make that the rigid body of image-stone head, brick and so on is unimpeded to enter next procedure helplessly, can not cause card to block up phenomenon; In addition, owing to pay attention to designs such as blade moulding, cloth column position and sharpness, when unpacking, can carry out in various degree break process to dissimilar rubbish, easily mincing as similar dish leaf etc. to be broken into dead small, good toughness such as plastic tape, will not be broken, convenient follow-up classification is reclaimed.
They are two years old, open the numerous through holes of system on the exterior cylinder, the speed of waiting a moment ground rotates in the same way with central rotating shaft, make water spray evenly spray in the exterior cylinder, rubbish is played the effect while of pressing dirt and cleaning, the rubbish of part fritter such as material such as pericarp, battery such as rubbish are thrown away from through hole, thereby play the effect of separating of garbage, very favourable to the water treatment of follow-up rubbish.
Its three, water injecting system and through hole play a part water spray, water spray has the benefit of following four aspects at least:
1, prevents breather clogged;
2, prevent that center rotating shaft from twining rubbish;
3, the inwall of flushing exterior cylinder prevents to adhere to rubbish;
4, reduce the stink of rubbish greatly.
Its four, use the principle that spiral tube is carried at the screw thread that the inwall of exterior cylinder is made, the walking of rubbish is played guiding and conveying effect, be beneficial to rubbish sent from the discharge bucket of exterior cylinder; The through hole and the pitch of thread play the function to refuse classification and conveying.
Its five, the utility model also is suitable for unpacking, clean and separating of other material such as agricultural byproducts, light industrial goods etc. except that being used for garbage disposal.
Its six, simple in structure, be convenient to install, suitability is good.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model front view;
Fig. 2 is the utility model lateral plan.
Among the figure: 1, outer cover; 2, exterior cylinder; 3, center rotating shaft; 4, blade; 5, through hole; 6, feed end; 7, discharge bucket; 8, coolant inlet pipe; 9, nozzle or spray orifice; 10, collection bucket; 11, bracing frame; 12, accommodation space; 13, screw thread; 14, track-type facilities; 15, mount pad.
The specific embodiment
Below, introduce the specific embodiment of the present utility model in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, a kind of wet method disengagement gear of unpacking comprises long barrel-contoured outer cover 1, exterior cylinder 2 and a center rotating shaft 3; The axle center of center rotating shaft 3 is along the line of centers setting of exterior cylinder 2, make exterior cylinder 2 fit over outside the center rotating shaft 3 and between form can ccontaining material accommodation space 12; Outer cover 1 covers in exterior cylinder 2 and center rotating shaft 3 in it; Center rotating shaft 3 and exterior cylinder 2 rotate around the axle center respectively; On the inwall of exterior cylinder 2 and be shaped on the blade 4 of broken bag on the outer wall of center rotating shaft 3 respectively, blade 4 is sharp knife shape, its point of a knife points to the axle center, many blades 4 are discrete to be provided with and their length can be different, be formed in the accommodation space 12 vertically diverse location and diverse location radially to the bale broken setting of refuse bag; Inwall at exterior cylinder 2 is made the screw thread 13 that the walking of rubbish is played guiding and conveying effect; In the outer cover 1 water injecting system is set, and the system of opening is a plurality of for the through hole 5 of washing by water and part rubbish throws away on exterior cylinder 2.
Center rotating shaft 3 supports and is installed on the bracing frame 11 by bearing seat.
Exterior cylinder 2 is arranged on the mount pad 15, and exterior cylinder 2 forms running-fit with mount pad 15 by track-type facilities 14.
Center rotating shaft 3 is done to rotate in the same way with exterior cylinder 2, and the rotating speed of center rotating shaft 3 is faster than the rotating speed of exterior cylinder 2.That is, center rotating shaft 3 is in the high speed rotating state, and exterior cylinder 2 is in the state that slowly runs.
Center rotating shaft 3 and exterior cylinder 2 tilt to be beneficial to material such as rubbish and water to derive from high to lower to an end synchronously, one end of the high position of exterior cylinder 2 is the feed end of material such as rubbish, one end of the low level of exterior cylinder 2 sets out hopper 7, and the material of broken bag such as rubbish are derived to enter down the treatment facility of step operation from discharge bucket 7.
The diapire of described outer cover 1 is provided with the collection bucket 10 of material such as rubbish and water spray, throws away water that the material of outer cover 1 such as rubbish and hydro-peening cross to enter down the treatment facility of step operation with collection.
The water injecting system that is provided with in outer cover 1 is that the coolant inlet pipe 8 that the top in outer cover 1 is inserted reaches nozzle or the spray orifice of making 9 on coolant inlet pipe 8, and described coolant inlet pipe 8 is communicated with water service.
Center rotating shaft 3 rotates under the driving of motor.
The rotation of exterior cylinder 2 is by motor-driven, and its transmission device is gear mesh or chain sprocket drive.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, is not that technical scope of the present utility model is imposed any restrictions.The technical personnel of the industry, under the inspiration of the technical program, can make some distortion and revise, every foundation technical spirit of the present utility model all still belongs in the scope of technical solutions of the utility model above any modification, equivalent variations and modification that embodiment did.

Claims (7)

1. wet method disengagement gear of unpacking is characterized in that: comprise long barrel-contoured outer cover, exterior cylinder and a center rotating shaft; The axle center of center rotating shaft is along the line of centers setting of exterior cylinder, make exterior cylinder fit over outside the center rotating shaft and between form can ccontaining material accommodation space; Outer cover covers in exterior cylinder and center rotating shaft in it; Center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder rotate around the axle center respectively; On the inwall of exterior cylinder and be shaped on the blade of broken bag on the outer wall of center rotating shaft respectively; Inwall at exterior cylinder is made the screw thread that the walking of material is played guiding and conveying effect; Water injecting system is set in the outer cover, and the system of opening is a plurality of for the through hole of washing by water and partial material throws away on exterior cylinder.
2. a kind of wet method according to claim 1 disengagement gear of unpacking is characterized in that: center rotating shaft supports and is installed on the bracing frame by bearing seat.
3. a kind of wet method according to claim 1 disengagement gear of unpacking, it is characterized in that: exterior cylinder is arranged on the mount pad, and exterior cylinder and mount pad form running-fit by track-type facilities.
4. a kind of wet method according to claim 1 disengagement gear of unpacking is characterized in that: center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder are done to rotate in the same way, and the rotating speed of center rotating shaft is faster than the rotating speed of exterior cylinder.
5. a kind of wet method according to claim 1 disengagement gear of unpacking, it is characterized in that: center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder tilt to be beneficial to material and water is derived from high to lower to an end synchronously, one end of the high position of exterior cylinder is the feed end of material, and an end of the low level of exterior cylinder sets out hopper.
6. a kind of wet method according to claim 1 disengagement gear of unpacking, it is characterized in that: the diapire of described outer cover is provided with the collection bucket of material and water spray.
7. a kind of wet method according to claim 1 disengagement gear of unpacking is characterized in that: coolant inlet pipe that the water injecting system that is provided with in outer cover inserts for the top in outer cover and nozzle or the spray orifice of making on coolant inlet pipe, described coolant inlet pipe is communicated with water service.
CN2011200831168U 2011-03-25 2011-03-25 Wet unpacking separation device Expired - Lifetime CN202089299U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200831168U CN202089299U (en) 2011-03-25 2011-03-25 Wet unpacking separation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011200831168U CN202089299U (en) 2011-03-25 2011-03-25 Wet unpacking separation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202089299U true CN202089299U (en) 2011-12-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011200831168U Expired - Lifetime CN202089299U (en) 2011-03-25 2011-03-25 Wet unpacking separation device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202089299U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102152880A (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-08-17 王振显 Wet-process unpacking and separating device
CN105539969A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-04 中国城市建设研究院有限公司 Bag tearing device and bag tearing method
CN105691781A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-06-22 北京金马伦科技发展有限公司 Bale breaking and dust removing device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102152880A (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-08-17 王振显 Wet-process unpacking and separating device
CN105539969A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-04 中国城市建设研究院有限公司 Bag tearing device and bag tearing method
CN105691781A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-06-22 北京金马伦科技发展有限公司 Bale breaking and dust removing device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20111228

Effective date of abandoning: 20130306