CN209885976U - Household garbage recycling classification recycling device - Google Patents

Household garbage recycling classification recycling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209885976U
CN209885976U CN201920597298.7U CN201920597298U CN209885976U CN 209885976 U CN209885976 U CN 209885976U CN 201920597298 U CN201920597298 U CN 201920597298U CN 209885976 U CN209885976 U CN 209885976U
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China
Prior art keywords
cavity
plate
recycling
crushing
garbage
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CN201920597298.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩保安
赵海泉
程春平
李扬
程振
柴化建
朱磊
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Anhui Quanmin Environment Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Anhui Quanmin Environment Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920597298.7U priority Critical patent/CN209885976U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a domestic waste resource classification recovery unit, including the casing, inside throwing in chamber, broken chamber and the filter chamber of divideing into of casing. The utility model has the advantages that the garbage can be simply washed by water, and classified by the buoyancy of water, the garbage with large specific gravity such as glass slag or metal is separated from the garbage with small specific gravity such as plastic bags and vegetable peels, and is respectively recycled, the garbage disposal amount per time is large, and the efficiency is high; additionally, the utility model discloses still have simple structure, stability is high, reasonable in design, the advantage of being convenient for realize.

Description

Household garbage recycling classification recycling device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a domestic waste handles and resourceization technical field, concretely relates to domestic waste resourceization classification recovery unit.
Background
The waste recycling is to sort waste and use the waste as a recycling material to be a renewable resource. The garbage recycling mainly aims at the recycling of urban garbage. The municipal refuse includes domestic refuse, environmental sanitation refuse, waste refuse of shops and the like. And (3) garbage recycling treatment: and sorting the garbage into different categories, and recycling the garbage according to the different categories to enable the garbage to become a renewable resource. The garbage recycling is an important direction for urban garbage treatment in the future. Particularly, the method is a more feasible choice for the first-level treatment of the small and medium-sized cities or the counties and towns by adopting a garbage recycling treatment technology.
At present, most of garbage is subjected to resource treatment by incineration, the incineration causes pollution to the atmosphere, resources in the garbage cannot be fully utilized, the resources are wasted, and the garbage is not beneficial to classified recovery. Therefore, under the guiding idea of reducing air pollution and improving the resource utilization of garbage, the development of a recycling system device which is simple and feasible, operable, remarkable in effect and low in use cost and can be accepted by most garbage recycling enterprises has important economic, social and environmental protection values and practical significance.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a simple structure, reasonable in design's a domestic waste resource classification recovery unit.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes above-mentioned purpose:
a household garbage recycling, classifying and recycling device comprises a shell, wherein the shell is internally divided into a throwing cavity, a crushing cavity and a filtering cavity;
an air cylinder is embedded in the side edge of the throwing cavity, the output end of the air cylinder is connected with a push plate, a water pump is arranged at the bottom of the throwing cavity, the water pump is provided with a plurality of water spray ports, the water spray ports are uniformly distributed at the bottom of the throwing cavity, and a first garbage outlet is also formed in the bottom of the throwing cavity;
the crushing cavity is arranged on the side edge of the throwing cavity, a vertical partition plate is arranged between the crushing cavity and the throwing cavity, a channel for communicating the crushing cavity and the throwing cavity is reserved at the top end of the vertical partition plate, a motor is arranged at the top of the crushing cavity, and a plurality of crushing rods are connected to the output end of the motor;
the filter chamber is arranged under the crushing chamber, an electric expansion plate is arranged between the filter chamber and the crushing chamber, a water filtering plate is transversely arranged in the filter chamber, the filter chamber is divided into an upper part and a lower part by the water filtering plate, a second garbage outlet is arranged at the bottom of the upper part, and a water outlet is arranged at the bottom of the lower part.
The further improvement is that the section of the push plate is J-shaped, and through holes are uniformly distributed on the push plate.
The improved structure is characterized in that the vertical partition plate is divided into an upper plate body and a lower plate body, the upper plate body and the lower plate body are connected through an elastic rotating shaft, and the initial state of the elastic rotating shaft is a vertical state;
the height of the bottom end of the push plate is higher than that of the elastic rotating shaft and lower than that of the top end of the upper plate body.
The further improvement lies in that the crushing rods are all vertically arranged, the cross sections of the crushing rods are in a diamond shape, and two acute angles of the diamond shape are smaller than 30 degrees.
The further improvement lies in that electronic expansion plate comprises the electronic expansion plate that two symmetries slopes set up, when two electronic expansion plates shrink simultaneously, communicates between filter chamber and the broken chamber, when two electronic expansion plates extend to the time of mutual contact simultaneously, separates between filter chamber and the broken chamber.
The further improvement lies in that the bottom of the throwing cavity is obliquely arranged, and the first garbage outlet is arranged at the lower side of the bottom of the throwing cavity.
The further improvement lies in that the drainage plate is obliquely arranged, and the second garbage outlet is arranged at the lower side of the drainage plate.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that: the garbage can be simply washed by water, and classified by utilizing the buoyancy of the water, so that the garbage with large specific gravity such as glass slag or metal and the like are separated from the garbage with small specific gravity such as plastic bags, vegetable peels and the like, and are respectively recycled, the garbage amount for single treatment is large, and the efficiency is high; additionally, the utility model discloses still have simple structure, stability is high, reasonable in design, the advantage of being convenient for realize.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a push plate;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a breaker bar;
in the figure: 1. a housing; 2. a throwing cavity; 3. a crushing chamber; 4. a filter chamber; 5. a cylinder; 6. pushing the plate; 7. a water pump; 8. a water jet; 9. a first waste outlet; 10. a vertical partition plate; 11. a motor; 12. a breaking bar; 13. an electric expansion plate; 14. a water filter plate; 15. a second waste outlet; 16. a water outlet; 17. a through hole; 18. an elastic rotating shaft.
Detailed Description
The present application will now be described in further detail with reference to the drawings, it should be noted that the following detailed description is given for illustrative purposes only and is not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present application, as those skilled in the art will be able to make numerous insubstantial modifications and adaptations to the present application based on the above disclosure.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, a household garbage recycling classification recycling device comprises a housing 1, wherein the housing 1 is internally divided into a feeding cavity 2, a crushing cavity 3 and a filtering cavity 4.
Wherein, the side of putting in chamber 2 inlays and is equipped with cylinder 5, and the output of cylinder 5 is connected with push pedal 6, and the bottom of putting in chamber 2 is equipped with water pump 7, and water pump 7 is equipped with a plurality of water jet 8, and water jet 8 evenly lays in the bottom of putting in chamber 2, and the bottom of putting in chamber 2 still is equipped with first rubbish export 9. The water pump 7 is externally connected with a water source, water is flushed from the bottom of the feeding cavity 2 inwards through the water spraying port 8, and the water is accumulated in the feeding cavity 2.
Broken chamber 3 is located the side of puting in chamber 2, and is equipped with perpendicular baffle 10 at broken chamber 3 and between puting in chamber 2, and the top of erecting baffle 10 leaves the passageway that is used for communicateing broken chamber 3 and puting in between chamber 2, and the top in broken chamber 3 is equipped with motor 11, is connected with a plurality of broken poles 12 on motor 11's the output. The motor 11 is connected with a power supply and is used for driving the crushing rod 12 to rotate.
The filter cavity 4 is arranged right below the crushing cavity 3, an electric expansion plate 13 is arranged between the filter cavity 4 and the crushing cavity 3, a water filtering plate 14 is transversely arranged in the filter cavity 4, the filter cavity 4 is divided into an upper part and a lower part by the water filtering plate 14, a second garbage outlet 15 is arranged at the bottom of the upper part, and a water outlet 16 is arranged at the bottom of the lower part.
The section of the push plate 6 is J-shaped, which is beneficial to pushing garbage; and through holes 17 are uniformly distributed on the push plate 6, and when the push plate is pushed, garbage flows away from the side edge of the push plate 6 along with water flow, so that the efficiency is improved.
The vertical partition board 10 is divided into an upper board body and a lower board body which are connected through an elastic rotating shaft 18, the initial state of the elastic rotating shaft 18 is a vertical state, and the bottom end of the push board 6 is higher than the elastic rotating shaft 18 and lower than the top end of the upper board body. When the upper plate body is pushed by enough external force, the upper plate body can rotate towards one side of the crushing cavity 3 around the elastic rotating shaft 18, the external force action at the position is the pushing force of the pushing plate 6, and the water pressure action of accumulated water can not make the upper plate body rotate. The design of the resilient shaft 18 is advantageous in that most floating refuse is pushed away by the push plate 6, since floating refuse is not only located at the surface of the water but also at a depth below the surface of the water.
The crushing rods 12 are all vertically arranged, the cross sections of the crushing rods 12 are in a diamond shape, and two acute angles of the diamond shape are smaller than 30 degrees, so that the garbage can be conveniently cut and crushed.
Electric expansion plate 13 comprises the electric expansion plate 13 that two symmetry slopes set up, and when two electric expansion plates 13 shrink simultaneously, intercommunication between filter chamber 4 and the broken chamber 3, when two electric expansion plates 13 extend to the time of mutual contact simultaneously, separate between filter chamber 4 and the broken chamber 3.
The bottom of the throwing cavity 2 is obliquely arranged, and the first garbage outlet 9 is arranged at the lower side of the bottom of the throwing cavity 2; the water filtering plate 14 is arranged obliquely, and the second garbage outlet 15 is arranged at the lower side of the water filtering plate 14, and the oblique arrangement is favorable for discharging garbage.
When the household garbage bin is used specifically, household garbage is thrown into the throwing cavity 2, wherein the household garbage mainly comprises glass or metal fragments, plastic packaging bags, vegetable waste, fruit peels, fruit stones and the like. After the garbage is put in the garbage bin, the water pump 7 is controlled to work through an external switch, water is sprayed through the water spraying port 8, the garbage is simply washed, along with the increase of the depth of accumulated water, some garbage such as glass or metal fragments and the like are deposited at the bottom, some garbage such as plastic packaging bags, vegetable waste, fruit peels, fruit pits and the like gradually float on the surface of the accumulated water, and the garbage such as the glass or the metal fragments and the like are deposited at the bottom layer. When waiting that the height of ponding begins to overflow perpendicular baffle 10, through external switch control cylinder 5 work, control push pedal 6 removes, and push pedal 6 promotes the rubbish of ponding surface and the certain degree of depth department below the surface to it rotates rotatoryly to erect baffle 10 promotion, most floating rubbish can both cross perpendicular baffle 10 like this, gets into in the broken chamber 3. When the garbage and the accumulated water in the crushing cavity 3 are accumulated to a proper amount, the electric expansion plate 13 is controlled to contract, the filter cavity 4 is opened, the garbage and the accumulated water simultaneously fall into the filter cavity 4, the accumulated water is discharged under the filtering action of the water filtering plate 14, the accumulated water can be purified and then recycled, the filtered garbage can be discharged from the second garbage outlet 15, the packaging bag is difficult to be crushed, the simple plastic bag fishing and cleaning work is subsequently performed, the recycling can be realized, and the remaining garbage such as cut and crushed peel and vegetables can be used for fermentation to produce methane. And the glass or metal debris and other waste deposited in the feeding chamber 2 can be discharged from the first waste outlet 9.
The above-mentioned embodiments only represent some embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is specific and detailed, but not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, several variations and modifications can be made, which are within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a categorised recovery unit of domestic waste resourceization, includes casing (1), its characterized in that: the inner part of the shell (1) is divided into a throwing cavity (2), a crushing cavity (3) and a filtering cavity (4);
an air cylinder (5) is embedded in the side edge of the throwing cavity (2), the output end of the air cylinder (5) is connected with a push plate (6), a water pump (7) is arranged at the bottom of the throwing cavity (2), the water pump (7) is provided with a plurality of water spray ports (8), the water spray ports (8) are uniformly distributed at the bottom of the throwing cavity (2), and a first garbage outlet (9) is also arranged at the bottom of the throwing cavity (2);
the crushing cavity (3) is arranged on the side edge of the throwing cavity (2), a vertical partition plate (10) is arranged between the crushing cavity (3) and the throwing cavity (2), a channel for communicating the crushing cavity (3) with the throwing cavity (2) is reserved at the top end of the vertical partition plate (10), a motor (11) is arranged at the top of the crushing cavity (3), and a plurality of crushing rods (12) are connected to the output end of the motor (11);
the filter chamber (4) is arranged under the crushing chamber (3), an electric expansion plate (13) is arranged between the filter chamber (4) and the crushing chamber (3), a water filtering plate (14) is transversely arranged in the filter chamber (4), the water filtering plate (14) divides the filter chamber (4) into an upper part and a lower part, a second garbage outlet (15) is arranged at the bottom of the upper part, and a water outlet (16) is arranged at the bottom of the lower part.
2. The recycling, classifying and recycling device for household garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the section of the push plate (6) is J-shaped, and through holes (17) are uniformly distributed on the push plate (6).
3. The recycling, classifying and recycling device for household garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the vertical partition plate (10) is divided into an upper plate body and a lower plate body, the upper plate body and the lower plate body are connected through an elastic rotating shaft (18), and the initial state of the elastic rotating shaft (18) is a vertical state;
the bottom end of the push plate (6) is higher than the elastic rotating shaft (18) and lower than the top end of the upper plate body.
4. The recycling, classifying and recycling device for household garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the crushing rods (12) are all vertically arranged, the cross sections of the crushing rods (12) are rhombic, and two acute angles of the rhombuses are smaller than 30 degrees.
5. The recycling, classifying and recycling device for household garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: electric expansion plate (13) comprise electric expansion plate (13) that two symmetries slopes set up, when two electric expansion plate (13) shrink simultaneously, communicate between filter chamber (4) and broken chamber (3), when two electric expansion plate (13) extend to the mutual contact simultaneously, separate between filter chamber (4) and broken chamber (3).
6. The recycling, classifying and recycling device for household garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom of the throwing cavity (2) is obliquely arranged, and the first garbage outlet (9) is arranged at the lower side of the bottom of the throwing cavity (2).
7. The recycling, classifying and recycling device for household garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water filtering plate (14) is obliquely arranged, and the second garbage outlet (15) is arranged on the lower side of the water filtering plate (14).
CN201920597298.7U 2019-04-28 2019-04-28 Household garbage recycling classification recycling device Active CN209885976U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920597298.7U CN209885976U (en) 2019-04-28 2019-04-28 Household garbage recycling classification recycling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920597298.7U CN209885976U (en) 2019-04-28 2019-04-28 Household garbage recycling classification recycling device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209885976U true CN209885976U (en) 2020-01-03

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ID=69019691

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920597298.7U Active CN209885976U (en) 2019-04-28 2019-04-28 Household garbage recycling classification recycling device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN209885976U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112403662A (en) * 2020-11-04 2021-02-26 王学金 Chip separation stirring device of numerical control machine tool
CN112478514A (en) * 2020-12-14 2021-03-12 郑州工业应用技术学院 Medical waste handles and uses intelligent classification recovery unit
CN113695358A (en) * 2021-08-28 2021-11-26 丁靖勇 Aftertreatment equipment for venipuncture instrument for hospital

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112403662A (en) * 2020-11-04 2021-02-26 王学金 Chip separation stirring device of numerical control machine tool
CN112478514A (en) * 2020-12-14 2021-03-12 郑州工业应用技术学院 Medical waste handles and uses intelligent classification recovery unit
CN113695358A (en) * 2021-08-28 2021-11-26 丁靖勇 Aftertreatment equipment for venipuncture instrument for hospital
CN113695358B (en) * 2021-08-28 2022-09-09 南安市中研中医药有限公司 Aftertreatment equipment for venipuncture instrument for hospital

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