CN102031860B - Grinding, collecting and refrigerating system capable of recycling kitchen garbage used as forage - Google Patents

Grinding, collecting and refrigerating system capable of recycling kitchen garbage used as forage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102031860B
CN102031860B CN2010105096040A CN201010509604A CN102031860B CN 102031860 B CN102031860 B CN 102031860B CN 2010105096040 A CN2010105096040 A CN 2010105096040A CN 201010509604 A CN201010509604 A CN 201010509604A CN 102031860 B CN102031860 B CN 102031860B
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China
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pulverizing
food waste
changing food
trunk line
housing
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CN2010105096040A
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CN102031860A (en
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蔡道德
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蔡道德
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Abstract

The invention discloses a grinding, collecting and refrigerating system capable of recycling kitchen garbage used as forage, which comprises a garbage grinding device, a garbage recycling pipeline and a garbage recycling and refrigerating device, wherein the garbage recycling pipeline comprises a main pipeline which is vertically arranged and is penetrated from top to bottom, and a plurality of branch pipelines which are transversely arranged, the transversely-arranged branch pipelines are a plurality of pipelines which are arranged at each floor from top to down, one end of each branch pipeline is communicated with the main pipeline, the other end of each branch pipeline is connected with the garbage grinding device, the garbage recycling and refrigerating device is arranged at an outlet at the bottom of the main pipeline, and the kitchen garbage is collected into the main pipeline after being ground by the garbage grinding device and is transported into the garbage recycling and refrigerating device from the main pipeline to realize the grinding and the recoverable refrigerating of the kitchen garbage. The grinding, collecting and refrigerating system can grind, collect and refrigerate the kitchen garbage which is used as the forage, thereby not only being environment-friendly, but also being resource-saving.

Description

Refrigerating system is collected in the recyclable pulverizing that is used as the changing food waste of feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of garbage retrieving system, specifically be meant a kind of recyclable pulverizing collection refrigerating system that is used as the changing food waste of feed.
Background technology
Changing food waste is the pith in people's daily life rubbish, and it is recyclable changing food waste as feed that considerable part is wherein arranged.Mainly adopt landfill and burn the dual mode processing for the processing of such changing food waste at present.The advantage of garbage loading embeading is can rubbish be focused on local a processing, but can be to causing long-range influence, and need take a large amount of landfill space such as air, water and soil earth each side surrounding environment on every side behind the garbage loading embeading.The advantage of waste incineration is that shared space is less, but secondary pollution is inevitable in the burning process, and is serious to air pollution, and can produce carcinogen after burning.If the recyclable part that is used as feed, not only pollutes the environment if adopt above-mentioned two kinds of methods to handle through still recyclable utilization after the reasonable processing in the changing food waste simultaneously, also can cause the waste of resource.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of recyclable pulverizing that is used as the changing food waste of feed and collect refrigerating system, this system can realize pulverizing, collection and the refrigeration as the changing food waste of feed.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present invention realizes through following technical scheme: refrigerating system is collected in the recyclable pulverizing that is used as the changing food waste of feed; It is characterized in that: this system comprises device for pulverizing rubbish, garbage reclamation pipeline and garbage reclamation cold storage plant; Described garbage reclamation pipeline comprises the trunk line that from up to down connects of vertical setting and the branch pipe(tube) of horizontally set; The branch pipe(tube) of said horizontally set is a plurality of pipelines that are arranged on each floor of arranging from top to bottom; One end of each branch pipe(tube) and described trunk line connect; The other end links to each other with device for pulverizing rubbish, and described garbage reclamation cold storage plant is positioned at the outlet at bottom place of said trunk line, and changing food waste is pulverized after branch pipe(tube) imports in the trunk line through device for pulverizing rubbish; Send into the garbage reclamation cold storage plant from trunk line then, realize the pulverizing of changing food waste and reclaim refrigeration.
The present invention can do following improvement: this system also comprises the water filtering device that is used to filter pulverizing back changing food waste; Described water filtering device comprises strainer and drainage pipeline; Described strainer is arranged between trunk line and the garbage reclamation cold storage plant, and the open upper end of strainer is communicated with trunk line, and the lower ending opening place of strainer is provided with valve; Strainer filters the water of changing food waste during valve closing; The bottom sidewall of strainer has perforate, and perforate is communicated with described drainage pipeline, and the water of changing food waste flows into drainage pipeline and then discharge through the perforate of strainer after filtering.
The present invention can do following improvement: this system also comprises the water washing device that is used to wash trunk line; Described water washing device comprises water supply pipe and washing pipeline; Described water supply pipe is communicated with the upper end of trunk line, and described washing pipeline is communicated with the lower end of trunk line, and said water supply pipe is equipped with electromagnetic valve with washing on the pipeline; The bottom of said trunk line also is provided with electromagnetic valve; And being provided with of the electromagnetic valve of trunk line highly is lower than the height of washing pipeline, the closed electromagnetic valve of trunk line during washing, and water flows into washing pipeline and then discharge behind water supply pipe inflow, cleaning trunk line.
Described water washing device also comprises the mechanism of washing away that is used to wash away trunk line; The described mechanism of washing away comprises and washes away motor, driving-belt and bulb syringe; One end of driving-belt links to each other with the output shaft that washes away motor, and the other end links to each other with moving runner on being installed in the trunk line tube wall, and moving runner is positioned at the top of the electromagnetic valve of trunk line; Bulb syringe is sleeved on the driving-belt, thereby the tube wall of trunk line moves up and down the tube wall that washes away trunk line in driving-belt drive lower edge.
Among the present invention, described device for pulverizing rubbish comprises frame, drive motors, transmission mechanism, pushing piston, feed hopper, disintegrating mechanism and discharge nozzle, and described transmission mechanism, pushing piston, feed hopper, disintegrating mechanism are installed on the frame; Described transmission mechanism is two covers, is respectively piston drive and pulverizes transmission mechanism, and piston drive all links to each other with the output shaft of drive motors with the pulverizing transmission mechanism; Both synchronization actions under drive motors drives; Piston drive is connected with pushing piston, pulverizes transmission mechanism and is connected with disintegrating mechanism, and described feed hopper is the vertical cartridge type body that is provided with; Its upper end has the charging aperture that is used to receive changing food waste; The lower end of the two side of feed hopper all has opening, and the opening that wherein adjacent with pushing piston sidewall is offered is the piston mouth, and pushing piston pushes in the disintegrating mechanism through the changing food waste that passes in and out this piston mouth and will get into feed hopper; The opening that the sidewall adjacent with disintegrating mechanism offered is the pusher mouth; Be used for changing food waste and get in the disintegrating mechanism, disintegrating mechanism is communicated with the pusher mouth, and an end of discharge nozzle is communicated with disintegrating mechanism; The other end is communicated with described branch pipe(tube), and changing food waste gets into branch pipe(tube) from discharge nozzle after disintegrating mechanism is pulverized.
Described piston drive comprises great wheel, reduction box, little runner, crank and connecting rod; Said great wheel is sleeved on the power shaft of reduction box, and great wheel links to each other with the output shaft of drive motors through belt, and reduction box and little runner are installed on the frame; The output shaft of reduction box links to each other with little runner through belt; Crank is fixedly mounted in the rotating shaft of little runner, and an end of connecting rod is connected with crank, and the other end is connected with described pushing piston; Little runner drives pushing piston through crank connecting link and moves around in rotation process, pushing piston passes in and out the piston mouth and carries out pusher in moving around.
Described pulverizing transmission mechanism comprises driving belt and drive, and the two ends of driving belt link to each other with drive with the output shaft of drive motors respectively, and drive is connected with disintegrating mechanism, to disintegrating mechanism transmission power.
Described disintegrating mechanism comprises to be pulverized housing, pulverizing cutter, electromagnetic valve water pipe and pulverizes filter screen, and described pulverizing housing is installed on the frame, pulverizes housing and is communicated with pusher mouth and discharge nozzle respectively; The electromagnetic valve water pipe links to each other with the pulverizing housing, in pulverizing housing, sprays water, and pulverizes cutter and is installed in the pulverizing housing; Said pulverizing cutter comprises rotation cutter shaft, dish frame, knife rest and cutter, and described cutter is rectangular bar shaped cutter, and the rotating knife pedestal is located to be pulverized in the housing; And link to each other with the pulverizing transmission mechanism, the dish frame is the pair of discs body, and this center fixation to the dish frame is sleeved on the two ends of rotating cutter shaft; And be symmetry shape and distribute, described pulverizing filter screen is horizontally installed on to be pulverized in the housing, and is positioned at the below of pulverizing cutter; Knife rest is four rod framves; Be erected at respectively between the described a pair of dish frame, and knife rest is that the center is evenly distributed on the same circumference with said rotation cutter shaft, all is hinged with the cutter that is spacedly distributed more than two on each knife rest; And corresponding cutter is dislocatedly distributed on the adjacent knife rest; Corresponding tool position is consistent on the relative knife rest, and said pulverizing housing is being provided with crushing groove with pusher mouth adjacent, and the groove width of this crushing groove is greater than the thickness sum of two cutters; When changing food waste advances crushing groove from the pusher mouth, pulverize under pulverizing cutter that in crushing groove, is rotated and the crushing groove acting in conjunction.
The present invention can do following further improvement: described disintegrating mechanism also has the backwater sealing unit, and described backwater sealing unit comprises sealing ring, seal cover and backwater hole, and described sealing ring is fixedly set in and rotates the part of cutter shaft meta outside pulverizing housing; And have the gap between sealing ring and the pulverizing housing, the cross section of said sealing ring is an arch, and the edge of sealing ring is inside protuberance; Form the backwater whirlpool groove of annular between protuberance and the sealing ring middle part, the described sealing ring of the closed covering of seal cover, the inwall of seal cover is pressed close to the outer circumference of sealing ring; The exterior rim of seal cover is fixedly linked with the pulverizing housing; Form a cavity between seal cover and the pulverizing housing, described backwater hole is opened in to be pulverized on the housing, and is positioned at the below of rotating cutter shaft; This backwater hole is communicated with described cavity; Be used for the backflow of water, during disintegrating mechanism work, pulverize the interior water of housing and take out of outside the pulverizing housing along the axial quilt that rotates cutter shaft with rotating the cutter shaft rotation; Flow in the cavity next time and compile in the groove effect of the backwater whirlpool of sealing ring, pass back into through backwater hole when the water level after compiling is higher than the height of backwater hole and pulverize in the housing.
The last end face of the pusher mouth of said feed hopper also is hinged with rotor plate, and the position height of this rotor plate is higher than the position height of pushing piston, when the changing food waste of larger volume gets into feed hopper, under the motive force effect of pushing piston, rotor plate is backed down.
Compared with prior art; Refrigerating system is collected in pulverizing of the present invention can realize recyclable pulverizing, collection and the refrigeration that is used as the changing food waste of feed; Grinding fodder after the collection refrigeration can be used as animal feed continuation utilization and not only do not pollute the environment; Can also realize the nuisanceless recycling of changing food waste, compliance with environmental protection requirements again when saving resource.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment the present invention is explained further details.
Fig. 1 is that the present invention pulverizes the overall structure sketch map of collecting refrigerating system;
Fig. 2 is that the present invention pulverizes the overall structure sketch map of collecting device for pulverizing rubbish in the refrigerating system;
Fig. 3 is that the present invention pulverizes and collects in the refrigerating system device for pulverizing rubbish and remove behind frame, the feed hopper and open the structural representation of pulverizing housing;
Fig. 4 is that the present invention pulverizes the structural representation of collecting after disintegrating mechanism in the refrigerating system is removed the electromagnetic valve water pipe, and pulverize housing in opened condition this moment;
Fig. 5 is that the present invention pulverizes the structural representation of collecting pulverizing cutter in the refrigerating system;
Fig. 6 is that the present invention pulverizes the structural representation of collecting the backwater sealing unit in the disintegrating mechanism in the refrigerating system;
Fig. 6 A is the partial schematic diagram that the A-A of Fig. 6 cuts open, show backwater hole position of opening and with the position relation of rotating cutter shaft;
Fig. 6 B is the sectional view of sealing ring;
Fig. 7 is that the present invention pulverizes the structural representation of collecting feed hopper in the refrigerating system, shows the position relation of rotor plate.
Description of reference numerals
1, garbage reclamation cold storage plant; 2, valve; 3, strainer; 4, moving runner; 5, bulb syringe; 6, driving-belt; 7, trunk line; 8, wash away motor; 9, water supply pipe; 10, branch pipe(tube); 11, device for pulverizing rubbish; 12, washing pipeline; 13, drainage pipeline; 14, drive motors; 15, driving belt; 16, drive; 17, great wheel; 18, reduction box; 19, little runner; 20, pushing piston; 21, crank; 22, connecting rod; 23, feed hopper; 23a, pusher mouth; 23b, rotor plate; 24, electromagnetic valve water pipe; 25, frame; 26, discharge nozzle; 27, pulverize housing; 28, pulverize filter screen; 29, rotate cutter shaft; 30, dish frame; 31, knife rest; 32, cutter; 33, sealing ring; 33a, protuberance; 33b, backwater whirlpool groove, 34, seal cover; 35, backwater hole
The specific embodiment
Refrigerating system is collected in the recyclable pulverizing that is used as the changing food waste of feed as Fig. 1 is extremely shown in Figure 7; This system comprises device for pulverizing rubbish 11, garbage reclamation pipeline and garbage reclamation cold storage plant 1; The garbage reclamation pipeline comprises the trunk line 7 that from up to down connects of vertical setting and the branch pipe(tube) 10 of horizontally set, and the branch pipe(tube) 10 of horizontally set is a plurality of pipelines that are arranged on each floor of arranging from top to bottom, and each floor all is equipped with a branch pipe(tube) 10; One end of each branch pipe(tube) 10 and trunk line 7 connect; The other end links to each other with device for pulverizing rubbish 11, and garbage reclamation cold storage plant 1 is positioned at the outlet at bottom place of trunk line 7, and changing food waste is pulverized after branch pipe(tube) 10 imports in the trunk line 7 through device for pulverizing rubbish 11; Send into the garbage reclamation cold storage plant 1 from trunk line 7 then; With output after its refrigeration, realize the pulverizing of changing food waste and reclaim refrigeration, realize the recyclable nuisanceless processing that is used as the changing food waste zero emission of feed.
This system also comprises the water filtering device that is used to filter pulverizing back changing food waste, and water filtering device comprises strainer 3 and drainage pipeline 13, and strainer 3 is arranged between trunk line 7 and the garbage reclamation cold storage plant 1; The open upper end of strainer 3 is communicated with trunk line 7; The lower ending opening place of strainer 3 is provided with valve 2, and the water of 3 pairs of changing food wastes of strainer filtered when valve 2 was closed, and strainer 3 has screen pack; Be used for filtering the too much water of changing food waste; The bottom sidewall of strainer 3 has perforate, and perforate is communicated with drainage pipeline 13, and the water of changing food waste flows into drainage pipeline 13 and then discharge through the perforate of strainer 3 after filtering; Filtration finishes and opens at action of gravity lower valve 2, and the changing food waste after filtering is entered in the garbage reclamation cold storage plant 1.The keying of valve 2 also can be controlled with the control system.
This system also comprises the water washing device that is used to wash trunk line 7; Water washing device comprises water supply pipe 9 and washing pipeline 12, and water supply pipe 9 is communicated with the upper end of trunk line 7, and washing pipeline 12 is communicated with the lower end of trunk line 7; Water supply pipe 9 is equipped with electromagnetic valve with washing on the pipeline 12; The bottom of trunk line 7 also is provided with electromagnetic valve, and being provided with of the electromagnetic valve of trunk line 7 highly is lower than the height of washing pipeline 12, the closed electromagnetic valve of trunk line 7 during washing; Water supply pipe 9 is opened with the electromagnetic valve of washing pipeline 12; Control flows into washing pipeline 12 and then discharge from the water of running water pipe behind water supply pipe 9 inflows, cleaning trunk line 7, the inflow sewer pipe, and the cleaning rear electromagnetic valve is closed; The electromagnetic valve of trunk line 7 was opened when changing food waste was pulverized, the closed electromagnetic valve of water supply pipe 9 and washing pipeline 12, and valve 2 batch (-type)s of strainer 3 lower ending opening places setting are simultaneously opened, and changing food waste is entered in the garbage reclamation cold storage plant 1.
Water washing device also comprises the mechanism of washing away that is used to wash away trunk line 7; Washing away mechanism comprises and washes away motor 8, driving-belt 6 and bulb syringe 5; One end of driving-belt 6 links to each other with the output shaft that washes away motor 8, and the other end links to each other with moving runner 4 on being installed in trunk line 7 tube walls, and moving runner 4 is positioned at the top of the electromagnetic valve of trunk line 7; Bulb syringe 5 is sleeved on the driving-belt 6; Thereby the tube wall at driving-belt 6 drive lower edge trunk lines 7 moves up and down the tube wall that washes away trunk line 7, and the stop position that washes away the afterflush ball 5 that finishes all is positioned at the top of the branch pipe(tube) 10 of uppermost storey, prevents to stop up changing food waste.
Reducing mechanism 11 comprises frame 25, drive motors 14, transmission mechanism, pushing piston 20, feed hopper 23, disintegrating mechanism and discharge nozzle 26, and transmission mechanism, pushing piston 20, feed hopper 23, disintegrating mechanism are installed on the frame 25, and transmission mechanism is two covers; Be respectively piston drive and pulverize transmission mechanism; Piston drive all links to each other with the output shaft of drive motors 14 with the pulverizing transmission mechanism, both synchronization actions under drive motors 14 drives, and piston drive is connected with pushing piston 20; Pulverizing transmission mechanism is connected with disintegrating mechanism; Feed hopper 23 is the vertical cartridge type body that is provided with, and its upper end has the charging aperture that is used to receive changing food waste, and the lower end of the two side of feed hopper 23 all has opening; The opening of wherein offering with pushing piston 20 adjacent sidewalls is a piston mouth (not shown); Pushing piston 20 pushes in the disintegrating mechanism through the changing food waste that passes in and out this piston mouth and will get into feed hopper 23, and the opening that the sidewall adjacent with disintegrating mechanism offered is pusher mouth 23a, is used for changing food waste and gets in the disintegrating mechanism; Disintegrating mechanism is communicated with pusher mouth 23a; One end of discharge nozzle 26 is communicated with disintegrating mechanism, and the other end is communicated with branch pipe(tube) 10, and changing food waste gets into branch pipe(tube) 10 from discharge nozzle 26 after disintegrating mechanism is pulverized.
Piston drive comprises great wheel 17, reduction box 18, little runner 19, crank 21 and connecting rod 22; Great wheel 17 is sleeved on the power shaft of reduction box 18, and great wheel 17 links to each other with the output shaft of drive motors 14 through belt, and reduction box 18 is installed on the frame 25 with little runner 19; The output shaft of reduction box 18 links to each other with little runner 19 through belt; Crank 21 is fixedly mounted in the rotating shaft of little runner 19, and an end of connecting rod 22 is connected with crank 21, and the other end is connected with pushing piston 20; Crank 21 constitutes the crank connecting link unit with connecting rod 22; Little runner 19 drives pushing piston 20 through crank connecting link and moves around in rotation process, pushing piston 20 passes in and out the piston mouth and carries out pusher in moving around, material is pushed in the disintegrating mechanism.
Pulverize transmission mechanism and comprise driving belt 15 and drive 16, the two ends of driving belt 15 link to each other with drive 16 with the output shaft of drive motors 14 respectively, and drive 16 is connected with disintegrating mechanism, to disintegrating mechanism transmission power.
Disintegrating mechanism comprises to be pulverized housing 27, pulverizing cutter, electromagnetic valve water pipe 24 and pulverizes filter screen 28, pulverizes housing 27 and is installed on the frame 25, pulverizes housing 27 and is communicated with pusher mouth 23a and discharge nozzle 26 respectively; Electromagnetic valve water pipe 24 links to each other with pulverizing housing 27, and electromagnetic valve water pipe 24 starts when disintegrating mechanism is opened through solenoid control; Water spray in pulverizing housing 27 makes the changing food waste of pulverizing in the housing 27 have suitable humidity, is easy to pulverize; Pulverize cutter and be installed in the pulverizing housing 27, pulverize cutter and comprise rotation cutter shaft 29, dish frame 30, knife rest 31 and cutter 32, cutter 32 is rectangular bar shaped cutter; Rotate cutter shaft 29 and be erected in the pulverizing housing 27, and link to each other with the pulverizing transmission mechanism, dish frame 30 is the pair of discs body; This center fixation to dish frame 30 is sleeved on the two ends of rotating cutter shaft 29, and is the symmetry shape distribution, pulverizes filter screen 28 and is horizontally installed in the pulverizing housing 27; And be positioned at the below of pulverizing cutter; Can decide the thickness of pulverizing the back changing food waste according to the size of mesh, knife rest 31 is four rod framves, is erected at respectively between a pair of dish frame 30; And knife rest 31 is that the center is evenly distributed on the same circumference to rotate cutter shaft 29; All be hinged with the cutter that is spacedly distributed 32 more than two on each knife rest 31, and corresponding cutter 32 is dislocatedly distributed on the adjacent knife rest 31, corresponding cutter 32 positions are consistent on the relative knife rest 31; Pulverize housing 27 and be provided with the crushing groove (not shown) with pusher mouth 23a adjacent; The groove width of this crushing groove, is pulverized under pulverizing cutter that in crushing groove, is rotated and the crushing groove acting in conjunction when changing food waste advances crushing groove from pusher mouth 23a greater than the thickness sum of two cutters 32.
Disintegrating mechanism also has the backwater sealing unit, and the backwater sealing unit comprises sealing ring 33, seal cover 34 and backwater hole 35, and sealing ring 33 is fixedly set in to rotate and is positioned at the part of pulverizing outside the housing 27 in the cutter shaft 29; And have the gap between sealing ring 33 and the pulverizing housing 27, the cross section of sealing ring 33 is an arch, and the edge of sealing ring 33 is inside protuberance 33a; Form the backwater whirlpool groove 33b of annular between protuberance 33a and the sealing ring middle part, seal cover 34 closed covering sealing rings 33, the inwall of seal cover 34 is pressed close to the outer circumference of sealing ring 33; The exterior rim of seal cover 34 with pulverize housing 27 and link to each other through screw, seal cover 34 and pulverize cavity of formation between the housing 27, backwater hole 35 is opened on the pulverizing housing 27; And be positioned at the below of rotating cutter shaft 29; This backwater hole 35 is communicated with cavity, is used for the backflow of water, during disintegrating mechanism work; Pulverizing housing 27 interior water takes out of outside the pulverizing housing along the axial quilt that rotates cutter shaft with rotating cutter shaft 29 rotations; Groove 33b effect flows in the cavity next time and compiles in the backwater whirlpool of sealing ring 33, passes back into through backwater hole when the water level after compiling is higher than the height of backwater hole 35 and pulverizes in shell 27 bodies, prevents that waste water from exosmosing.
The last end face of the pusher mouth 23a of feed hopper 23 also is hinged with rotor plate 23b; The position height of this rotor plate 23b is higher than the position height of pushing piston 20; When the changing food waste of larger volume gets into feed hopper 23; Under the motive force effect of pushing piston 20, rotor plate 23b is backed down, help the entering of the changing food waste of larger volume.
The above embodiment of the present invention is not the qualification to protection domain of the present invention; Embodiment of the present invention is not limited thereto, and also can adopt the mill of screw feed structure etc. like the device for pulverizing rubbish among the present invention, when the changing food waste size hour; Adopt screw feed formula mill more suitable; Crush efficiency is higher, and the pulverizing cutter among the present invention also can adopt crushing knife tool of the prior art for another example, and its intensity is wanted to satisfy the requirement of pulverizing changing food waste and got final product.All this kind is according to foregoing of the present invention; Ordinary skill knowledge and customary means according to this area; Do not breaking away under the above-mentioned fundamental technics thought of the present invention prerequisite; Modification, replacement or the change of other various ways that said structure of the present invention is made all should drop within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. refrigerating system is collected in the recyclable pulverizing that is used as the changing food waste of feed, and it is characterized in that: this system comprises device for pulverizing rubbish, garbage reclamation pipeline and garbage reclamation cold storage plant, and described garbage reclamation pipeline comprises the trunk line that from up to down connects of vertical setting and the branch pipe(tube) of horizontally set; The branch pipe(tube) of said horizontally set is a plurality of pipelines that are arranged on each floor of arranging from top to bottom, and an end of each branch pipe(tube) and described trunk line connect, and the other end links to each other with device for pulverizing rubbish; Described garbage reclamation cold storage plant is positioned at the outlet at bottom place of said trunk line, and changing food waste is pulverized after branch pipe(tube) imports in the trunk line through device for pulverizing rubbish, sends into the garbage reclamation cold storage plant from trunk line then; Realize the pulverizing of changing food waste and reclaim refrigeration; Described device for pulverizing rubbish comprises frame, drive motors, transmission mechanism, pushing piston, feed hopper, disintegrating mechanism and discharge nozzle, and described transmission mechanism, pushing piston, feed hopper, disintegrating mechanism are installed on the frame, and described transmission mechanism is two covers; Be respectively piston drive and pulverize transmission mechanism; Piston drive all links to each other with the output shaft of drive motors with the pulverizing transmission mechanism, both synchronization actions under drive motors drives, and piston drive is connected with pushing piston; Pulverizing transmission mechanism is connected with disintegrating mechanism; Described feed hopper is the vertical cartridge type body that is provided with, and its upper end has the charging aperture that is used to receive changing food waste, and the lower end of the two side of feed hopper all has opening; The opening that wherein adjacent with pushing piston sidewall is offered is the piston mouth; Pushing piston pushes in the disintegrating mechanism through the changing food waste that passes in and out this piston mouth and will get into feed hopper, and the opening that the sidewall adjacent with disintegrating mechanism offered is the pusher mouth, is used for changing food waste and gets in the disintegrating mechanism; Disintegrating mechanism is communicated with the pusher mouth; One end of discharge nozzle is communicated with disintegrating mechanism, and the other end is communicated with described branch pipe(tube), and changing food waste gets into branch pipe(tube) from discharge nozzle after disintegrating mechanism is pulverized.
2. refrigerating system is collected in the pulverizing of changing food waste according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: this system comprises also and is used to filter the water filtering device of pulverizing the back changing food waste that described water filtering device comprises strainer and drainage pipeline, and described strainer is arranged between trunk line and the garbage reclamation cold storage plant; The open upper end of strainer is communicated with trunk line; The lower ending opening place of strainer is provided with valve, and strainer filters the water of changing food waste during valve closing, and the bottom sidewall of strainer has perforate; Perforate is communicated with described drainage pipeline, and the water of changing food waste flows into drainage pipeline and then discharge through the perforate of strainer after filtering.
3. refrigerating system is collected in the pulverizing of changing food waste according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: this system also comprises the water washing device that is used to wash trunk line, and described water washing device comprises water supply pipe and washing pipeline, and described water supply pipe is communicated with the upper end of trunk line; Described washing pipeline is communicated with the lower end of trunk line; Said water supply pipe is equipped with electromagnetic valve with washing on the pipeline, and the bottom of said trunk line also is provided with electromagnetic valve, and being provided with of the electromagnetic valve of trunk line highly is lower than the height of washing pipeline; The closed electromagnetic valve of trunk line during washing, water flows into washing pipeline and then discharge behind water supply pipe inflow, cleaning trunk line.
4. refrigerating system is collected in the pulverizing of changing food waste according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: described water washing device also comprises the mechanism of washing away that is used to wash away trunk line; The described mechanism of washing away comprises and washes away motor, driving-belt and bulb syringe; One end of driving-belt links to each other with the output shaft that washes away motor, and the other end links to each other with moving runner on being installed in the trunk line tube wall, and moving runner is positioned at the top of the electromagnetic valve of trunk line; Bulb syringe is sleeved on the driving-belt, thereby the tube wall of trunk line moves up and down the tube wall that washes away trunk line in driving-belt drive lower edge.
5. refrigerating system is collected in the pulverizing of changing food waste according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: described piston drive comprises great wheel, reduction box, little runner, crank and connecting rod; Said great wheel is sleeved on the power shaft of reduction box, and great wheel links to each other with the output shaft of drive motors through belt, and reduction box and little runner are installed on the frame; The output shaft of reduction box links to each other with little runner through belt; Crank is fixedly mounted in the rotating shaft of little runner, and an end of connecting rod is connected with crank, and the other end is connected with described pushing piston; Little runner drives pushing piston through crank connecting link and moves around in rotation process, pushing piston passes in and out the piston mouth and carries out pusher in moving around.
6. refrigerating system is collected in the pulverizing of changing food waste according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: described pulverizing transmission mechanism comprises driving belt and drive; The two ends of driving belt link to each other with drive with the output shaft of drive motors respectively; Drive is connected with disintegrating mechanism, to disintegrating mechanism transmission power.
7. refrigerating system is collected in the pulverizing of changing food waste according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described disintegrating mechanism comprises to be pulverized housing, pulverizing cutter, electromagnetic valve water pipe and pulverizes filter screen, and described pulverizing housing is installed on the frame; Pulverize housing and be communicated with pusher mouth and discharge nozzle respectively, the electromagnetic valve water pipe links to each other with the pulverizing housing, in pulverizing housing, sprays water; Pulverize cutter and be installed in the pulverizing housing, said pulverizing cutter comprises rotation cutter shaft, dish frame, knife rest and cutter, and described cutter is rectangular bar shaped cutter; The rotating knife pedestal is located to be pulverized in the housing, and links to each other with the pulverizing transmission mechanism, and the dish frame is the pair of discs body; This center fixation to the dish frame is sleeved on the two ends of rotating cutter shaft, and is the symmetry shape distribution, and described pulverizing filter screen is horizontally installed on to be pulverized in the housing; And be positioned at the below of pulverizing cutter, knife rest is four rod framves, is erected at respectively between the described a pair of dish frame; And knife rest is that the center is evenly distributed on the same circumference with said rotation cutter shaft; All be hinged with the cutter that is spacedly distributed more than two on each knife rest, and corresponding cutter is dislocatedly distributed on the adjacent knife rest, corresponding tool position is consistent on the relative knife rest; Said pulverizing housing is being provided with crushing groove with pusher mouth adjacent; The groove width of this crushing groove, is pulverized under pulverizing cutter that in crushing groove, is rotated and the crushing groove acting in conjunction when changing food waste advances crushing groove from the pusher mouth greater than the thickness sum of two cutters.
8. refrigerating system is collected in the pulverizing of changing food waste according to claim 7, and it is characterized in that: described disintegrating mechanism also has the backwater sealing unit, and described backwater sealing unit comprises sealing ring, seal cover and backwater hole; Described sealing ring is fixedly set in and rotates the part of cutter shaft meta outside pulverizing housing, and has the gap between sealing ring and the pulverizing housing, and the cross section of said sealing ring is an arch; The edge of sealing ring is inside protuberance; Form the backwater whirlpool groove of annular between protuberance and the sealing ring middle part, the described sealing ring of the closed covering of seal cover, the inwall of seal cover is pressed close to the outer circumference of sealing ring; The exterior rim of seal cover is fixedly linked with the pulverizing housing; Form a cavity between seal cover and the pulverizing housing, described backwater hole is opened in to be pulverized on the housing, and is positioned at the below of rotating cutter shaft; This backwater hole is communicated with described cavity; Be used for the backflow of water, during disintegrating mechanism work, pulverize the interior water of housing and take out of outside the pulverizing housing along the axial quilt that rotates cutter shaft with rotating the cutter shaft rotation; Flow in the cavity next time and compile in the groove effect of the backwater whirlpool of sealing ring, pass back into through backwater hole when the water level after compiling is higher than the height of backwater hole and pulverize in the housing.
9. refrigerating system is collected in the pulverizing of changing food waste according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: the last end face of the pusher mouth of said feed hopper also is hinged with rotor plate; The position height of this rotor plate is higher than the position height of pushing piston; When the changing food waste of larger volume gets into feed hopper, under the motive force effect of pushing piston, rotor plate is backed down.
CN2010105096040A 2010-10-15 2010-10-15 Grinding, collecting and refrigerating system capable of recycling kitchen garbage used as forage Expired - Fee Related CN102031860B (en)

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CN102704657A (en) * 2012-06-04 2012-10-03 四川大学 Kitchen waste treating pipeline of high-rise apartment
CN102795452A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-11-28 钱尧翎 Filtering type kitchen waste feeding machine
SE537719C2 (en) * 2013-03-18 2015-10-06 Diskomat Ab Method and apparatus for transporting food waste and waste from food preparation
CN103962208A (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-08-06 苏州天脉导热科技有限公司 Material crushing device

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CN2275135Y (en) * 1995-12-06 1998-02-25 王太仁 Multifunctional indoor rubbish transport device
JPH10180128A (en) * 1996-12-26 1998-07-07 Daiki Gomme Kogyo Kk Garbage cutting device and garbage treatment equipment
JPH10235331A (en) * 1997-02-24 1998-09-08 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Garbage treatment apparatus
CN2338409Y (en) * 1998-05-19 1999-09-15 廖润德 Equipment for transporting and treating garbage from high buildings
CN1327937A (en) * 2000-06-13 2001-12-26 李文才 System and method for collecting, sealing, compressing and treating life garbage for residence
CN201202258Y (en) * 2008-04-08 2009-03-04 杨琛 Kitchen waste collecting processing recovery device
CN201835500U (en) * 2010-10-15 2011-05-18 蔡道德 System for grinding, collecting and refrigerating kitchen waste capable of being recovered as feed

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