CN102152880B - Wet-process unpacking and separating device - Google Patents

Wet-process unpacking and separating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102152880B
CN102152880B CN 201110073911 CN201110073911A CN102152880B CN 102152880 B CN102152880 B CN 102152880B CN 201110073911 CN201110073911 CN 201110073911 CN 201110073911 A CN201110073911 A CN 201110073911A CN 102152880 B CN102152880 B CN 102152880B
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China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
exterior cylinder
center rotating
unpacking
wet
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201110073911
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102152880A (en
Inventor
王振显
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DONGGUAN GEI ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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王振显
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Priority to CN 201110073911 priority Critical patent/CN102152880B/en
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Publication of CN102152880B publication Critical patent/CN102152880B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a wet-process unpacking and separating device and relates to a treatment technology of materials such as garbage. The wet-process unpacking and separating device comprises an outer hood, an outer cylinder body and a center rotating shaft, wherein the axis of the center rotating shaft is arranged along the center line of the outer cylinder body, so that the outer cylinder body is coated and sleeved outside the center rotating shaft; an accommodation space for accommodating the materials is formed between the outer cylinder body and the center rotating shaft; the outer cylinder body and the center rotating shaft are covered by the outer hood and respectively rotate around the axis; blades for breaking bags are respectively arranged on the inner wall of the outer cylinder body and the outer wall of the center rotating shaft; threads for guiding the walking of the materials and conveying the materials are formed on the inner wall of the outer cylinder body; a water spraying device is arranged in the outer hood; and the outer cylinder body is provided with a plurality of through holes for flushing and throwing partial materials. The wet-process unpacking and separating device is suitable for treating the bagged and mixed and collected garbage and can be used for thoroughly unpacking without generating new dust and reduces or eliminates the odor, and is a multifunctional device with unpacking, cleaning, crushing and classifying functions.

Description

A kind of wet unpacking separation device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the treatment technology of material such as rubbish, especially a kind of wet unpacking separation device is unpacked packed material such as rubbish, material such as rubbish are scattered from bag separate, simultaneously material by the lumpiness classification that varies in size.
Background technology
The rubbish that produces in the life claims house refuse.House refuse is deposited in dwelling district, and dust flies upward, a strong scent irritates the nose, and sewage overflows, and takies a large amount of soils.At present, to domestic rubbish disposal, mainly contain three kinds of methods both at home and abroad: the one, landfill; The 2nd, combustion power generation; The 3rd, fermentation produces fire gases and fertilizer.The landfill house refuse, bulky, need take a large amount of land resourcess, be stale-proof in 50 years, and cause secondary pollution; The combustion power generation investment is large, and discharges noxious gas, such as " dioxin "; The fermentation process cycle is long, and organic matter and inorganic matter are difficult to whole separation.
In addition, also have especially merit attention at following 2:
One, the house refuse overwhelming majority adopts the methods of packed and mixed collection both at home and abroad, and every family in refuse bag (being generally plastic bag), is collected refuse collection and is entrucked and carried away by the environmental sanitation personnel.Therefore, during disposal of refuse, must at first rubbish to be scattered from bag, the rubbish that is contained in the bag of all kinds that mixes as organic matter, inorganic matter, light, heavy, brick sand, scrap metal and plastics etc. " hodgepodge " is scattered.
Its two, in the concrete processing method of rubbish, generally adopt dry-type pulverizing and sorting, the rubbish that is about to collect is directly sent into and is carried out fragmentation in the crusher, the rubbish after the fragmentation carries out sorting through vibrating grizzly, cobber etc. again.Because rubbish is the dry-type pulverizing sorting, thereby stirs up a cloud of dust, stink to high heaven during work, environmental sanitation personnel's working environment is very abominable, and the waste or used plastics film bag that accounts for waste component 5% can not sort out and recycled.
Its three, existing bale breaker is only had an effect of broken bag, can not particle and sub-material, function is too single, processing for subsequent handling makes troubles.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to overcome the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art, is provided at a kind of wet unpacking separation device of using in the water treatment system of material such as rubbish.When refuse bag, can not produce new dust, alleviate even destroy foul odors, environmental sanitation personnel's working environment is greatly improved; It is very thorough to unpack, no matter the rubbish of sack, or the rubbish of pouch can both tear open broken, and rubbish is separated, and can not produce the phenomenon of Lou tearing open, can make various rubbish even image-stone head, brick and so on person is unimpeded and enter next procedure helplessly, can not cause the blocking phenomenon; Rubbish after unpacking is divided into the rubbish of two kinds of different lumpiness, except having the function of unpacking and cleaning, also has the function of particle and classification, for a kind of possess simultaneously unpack, the multi-function device of cleaning, particle and classification.
For this reason, the technical scheme of a kind of wet unpacking separation device of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of wet unpacking separation device comprises outer cover, exterior cylinder and the center rotating shaft of a long tubular; The axle center of center rotating shaft is along the line of centers setting of exterior cylinder, make exterior cylinder fit over outside the center rotating shaft and between form can accommodating material accommodation space; Outer cover with exterior cylinder and center rotating shaft cover in the inner; Center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder rotate around the axle center respectively; On the inwall of exterior cylinder and be shaped with respectively the blade of broken bag on the outer wall of center rotating shaft; Inwall at exterior cylinder is made the screw thread that the walking of material is played guiding and conveying effect; Water injecting system is set in the outer cover, and it is a plurality of for the through hole of washing by water and partial material throws away to open system at exterior cylinder.
Technique scheme is further set forth:
Center rotating shaft supports and is installed on the bracing frame by bearing seat.
Exterior cylinder is arranged on the mount pad, and exterior cylinder and mount pad form running-fit by track-type facilities.
Center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder are made rotating in same direction, and the rotating speed of center rotating shaft is faster than the rotating speed of exterior cylinder.That is, center rotating shaft is in the high speed rotating state, and exterior cylinder is in the state that slowly runs.
Center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder tilt to be beneficial to material and water is derived from high to lower to an end synchronously, one end of the high position of exterior cylinder is the feed end of material, one end of the low level of exterior cylinder sets out hopper, and the material of broken bag derives to enter the treatment facility of operation of lower step from discharge bucket.
The diapire of described outer cover arranges the collection bucket of material and water spray, throws away the material of outer cover and water that hydro-peening is crossed to enter the treatment facility of operation of lower step with collection.
The water injecting system that arranges in outer cover is the coolant inlet pipe of the access of the top in outer cover and nozzle or the spray orifice of making at coolant inlet pipe, and described coolant inlet pipe is communicated with water service.
Center rotating shaft rotates under the driving of motor.
The rotation of exterior cylinder is by motor-driven, and its transmission device is gear engagement or chain sprocket drive.
Compare with prior art, the beneficial effect of a kind of wet unpacking separation device of the present invention is:
One, the present invention is specially adapted to the processing such as rubbish of the life material of packed and mixed collection.Because the high speed rotating of central rotating shaft, the blade synchronous high-speed on it rotates, and simultaneously, adds pressure dirt and the wash action of water spray, when tearing breaking garbage-bag open, can not produce new dust, alleviates even destroys foul odors, and environmental sanitation personnel's working environment is greatly improved; It is very thorough to unpack, no matter the rubbish of sack, or the rubbish of pouch can both tear open broken, can not produce the phenomenon of Lou tearing open, can make that the rigid body of image-stone head, brick and so on is unimpeded to enter next procedure helplessly, can not cause the blocking phenomenon; In addition, owing to pay attention to the designs such as blade moulding, cloth column position and sharpness, when unpacking, can carry out in various degree break process to dissimilar rubbish, can be broken into dead small such as breakable objects such as similar dish leaves, the good toughness such as plastic tape, will not be broken, convenient follow-up classification is reclaimed.
They are two years old, open the numerous through holes of system on the exterior cylinder, the speed of waiting a moment ground and central rotating shaft rotating in same direction, make water spray evenly spray in the exterior cylinder, rubbish is played the effect while of pressing dirt and cleaning, the rubbish of part fritter such as the material such as pericarp, battery such as rubbish are thrown away from through hole, thereby play the effect of separating of garbage, very favourable to the water treatment of follow-up rubbish.
Its three, water injecting system and through hole play a part water spray, water spray has the benefit of following four aspects at least:
1, prevents that through hole from stopping up;
2, prevent that center rotating shaft from twining rubbish;
3, the inwall of flushing exterior cylinder prevents from adhering to rubbish;
4, greatly reduce the stink of rubbish.
Its four, use the principle that spiral tube is carried at the screw thread that the inwall of exterior cylinder is made, the walking of rubbish is played guiding and conveying effect, be beneficial to rubbish sent from the discharge bucket of exterior cylinder; Through hole and the pitch of thread play the function to refuse classification and conveying.
Its five, the present invention is except being used for garbage disposal, also applicable other material such as agricultural byproducts, light industrial goods etc. unpacks, cleans and separate.
Its six, simple in structure, be convenient to install, suitability is good.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is lateral plan of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1, outer cover; 2, exterior cylinder; 3, center rotating shaft; 4, blade; 5, through hole; 6, feed end; 7, discharge bucket; 8, coolant inlet pipe; 9, nozzle or spray orifice; 10, collection bucket; 11, bracing frame; 12, accommodation space; 13, screw thread; 14, track-type facilities; 15, mount pad.
The specific embodiment
Below, introduce by reference to the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in Figures 1 and 2, a kind of wet unpacking separation device comprises outer cover 1, exterior cylinder 2 and the center rotating shaft 3 of a long tubular; The axle center of center rotating shaft 3 is along the line of centers setting of exterior cylinder 2, make exterior cylinder 2 fit over outside the center rotating shaft 3 and between form can accommodating material accommodation space 12; Outer cover 1 covers exterior cylinder 2 and center rotating shaft 3 in the inner; Center rotating shaft 3 and exterior cylinder 2 rotate around the axle center respectively; On the inwall of exterior cylinder 2 and be shaped with respectively the blade 4 of broken bag on the outer wall of center rotating shaft 3, blade 4 is sharp knife shape, its point of a knife points to the axle center, many blades 4 are discrete to be arranged and their length can be different, be formed in the accommodation space 12 vertically diverse location and diverse location radially to the bale broken setting of refuse bag; Inwall at exterior cylinder 2 is made the screw thread 13 that the walking of rubbish is played guiding and conveying effect; The outer cover 1 interior water injecting system that arranges, and it is a plurality of for the through hole 5 of washing by water and part rubbish throws away to open system at exterior cylinder 2.
Center rotating shaft 3 supports and is installed on the bracing frame 11 by bearing seat.
Exterior cylinder 2 is arranged on the mount pad 15, and exterior cylinder 2 forms running-fit with mount pad 15 by track-type facilities 14.
Center rotating shaft 3 is made rotating in same direction with exterior cylinder 2, and the rotating speed of center rotating shaft 3 is faster than the rotating speed of exterior cylinder 2.That is, center rotating shaft 3 is in the high speed rotating state, and exterior cylinder 2 is in the state that slowly runs.
Center rotating shaft 3 and exterior cylinder 2 tilt to be beneficial to material such as rubbish and water to derive from high to lower to an end synchronously, one end of the high position of exterior cylinder 2 is the feed end of material such as rubbish, one end of the low level of exterior cylinder 2 sets out hopper 7, and the material of broken bag such as rubbish derive to enter the treatment facility of operation of lower step from discharge bucket 7.
The diapire of described outer cover 1 arranges the collection bucket 10 of material such as rubbish and water spray, throws away water that the material of outer cover 1 such as rubbish and hydro-peening cross to enter the treatment facility of operation of lower step with collection.
Water injecting system in outer cover 1 interior setting is the coolant inlet pipe 8 of the top access in outer cover 1 and nozzle or the spray orifice 9 of making at coolant inlet pipe 8, and described coolant inlet pipe 8 is communicated with water service.
Center rotating shaft 3 rotates under the driving of motor.
The rotation of exterior cylinder 2 is by motor-driven, and its transmission device is gear engagement or chain sprocket drive.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not that technical scope of the present invention is imposed any restrictions.The technical personnel of the industry, under the inspiration of the technical program, can make some distortion and revise, every foundation technical spirit of the present invention all still belongs in the scope of technical solution of the present invention any modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment does.

Claims (7)

1. a wet unpacking separation device is characterized in that: the outer cover, exterior cylinder and the center rotating shaft that comprise a long tubular; The axle center of center rotating shaft is along the line of centers setting of exterior cylinder, make exterior cylinder fit over outside the center rotating shaft and between form can accommodating material accommodation space; Outer cover with exterior cylinder and center rotating shaft cover in the inner; Center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder rotate around the axle center respectively; On the inwall of exterior cylinder and be shaped with respectively the blade of broken bag on the outer wall of center rotating shaft; Inwall at exterior cylinder is made the screw thread that the walking of material is played guiding and conveying effect; Water injecting system is set in the outer cover, and it is a plurality of for the through hole of washing by water and partial material throws away to open system at exterior cylinder.
2. a kind of wet unpacking separation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: center rotating shaft supports and is installed on the bracing frame by bearing seat.
3. a kind of wet unpacking separation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: exterior cylinder is arranged on the mount pad, and exterior cylinder and mount pad form running-fit by track-type facilities.
4. a kind of wet unpacking separation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder are made rotating in same direction, and the rotating speed of center rotating shaft is faster than the rotating speed of exterior cylinder.
5. a kind of wet unpacking separation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: center rotating shaft and exterior cylinder tilt to be beneficial to material and water is derived from high to lower to an end synchronously, one end of the high position of exterior cylinder is the feed end of material, and an end of the low level of exterior cylinder sets out hopper.
6. a kind of wet unpacking separation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the diapire of described outer cover arranges the collection bucket of material and water spray.
7. a kind of wet unpacking separation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the water injecting system that arranges in outer cover is the coolant inlet pipe of the access of the top in outer cover and nozzle or the spray orifice of making at coolant inlet pipe, and described coolant inlet pipe is communicated with water service.
CN 201110073911 2011-03-25 2011-03-25 Wet-process unpacking and separating device Expired - Fee Related CN102152880B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110073911 CN102152880B (en) 2011-03-25 2011-03-25 Wet-process unpacking and separating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110073911 CN102152880B (en) 2011-03-25 2011-03-25 Wet-process unpacking and separating device

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CN102152880A CN102152880A (en) 2011-08-17
CN102152880B true CN102152880B (en) 2013-01-02

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102631982A (en) * 2012-04-24 2012-08-15 张伟铭 Novel water-sorting system for household garbage
CN105887537B (en) * 2016-04-07 2018-09-14 北京金马伦科技发展有限公司 Purification of waste paper method and system

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006110469A (en) * 2004-10-14 2006-04-27 Jfe Engineering Kk Food trash bag breaking and sorting machine
CN2860626Y (en) * 2005-09-19 2007-01-24 刘更臣 Finely sorting machine for garbage
US7416084B2 (en) * 2005-10-13 2008-08-26 Wst International (Holdings) Limited Apparatus for piercing garbage bags and collecting nonrigid, elongate objects and powder
CN101069871B (en) * 2006-12-20 2010-06-23 深圳德润环保投资有限公司 City life-garbage automatic sorting system and apparatus of becoming garbage into resource and harmless
CN201454619U (en) * 2009-07-15 2010-05-12 四川雷鸣生物环保工程有限公司 Roller type machine for breaking bags and sieving garbage
CN202089299U (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-12-28 王振显 Wet unpacking separation device

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SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
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Owner name: DONGGUAN TAIDIAN PLASTIC MACHINERY MANUFACTURE CO.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: WANG ZHENXIAN

Effective date: 20130508

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Effective date of registration: 20130508

Address after: 523500 Guangdong province Dongguan City Qishi Town South First Industrial Zone

Patentee after: Dongguan GEI Plastics Recycle Machine Co., Ltd.

Address before: Dongguan City Qishi Town South 523500 first industrial zone in Guangdong province Dongguan City Electric Plastic Machinery Manufacturing Co. Ltd.

Patentee before: Wang Zhenxian

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: DONGGUAN TAIDIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLO

Free format text: FORMER NAME: DONGGUAN TAIDIAN PLASTIC MACHINERY MANUFACTURE CO., LTD.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 523500 Guangdong province Dongguan City Qishi Town South First Industrial Zone

Patentee after: DONGGUAN GEI ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 523500 Guangdong province Dongguan City Qishi Town South First Industrial Zone

Patentee before: Dongguan GEI Plastics Recycle Machine Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130102

Termination date: 20160325

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee