CN207204321U - A kind of mobile construction waste crushing device - Google Patents

A kind of mobile construction waste crushing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207204321U
CN207204321U CN201721125111.0U CN201721125111U CN207204321U CN 207204321 U CN207204321 U CN 207204321U CN 201721125111 U CN201721125111 U CN 201721125111U CN 207204321 U CN207204321 U CN 207204321U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feed pipe
centrifugal
sliding
vehicle frame
cylinder
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721125111.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗钊
罗成
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罗钊
罗成
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Priority to CN201721125111.0U priority Critical patent/CN207204321U/en
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Publication of CN207204321U publication Critical patent/CN207204321U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of mobile construction waste crushing device, including vehicle frame, feed pipe and wheel, the wheel is arranged on the bottom of vehicle frame, the inside that feed pipe is hinged on vehicle frame and on the downside of feed pipe is provided with electromagnet, the bottom surface of feed pipe is connected with the upper surface of expansion link, roller depiler, destroyer, chain type bucket elevator and cylinder are also equipped with vehicle frame, destroyer includes housing, charge door, conical sieving net plate, quartering hammer and broken discharging opening, and slip centrifugation sleeve, centrifugal shaft and sliding axle are provided with inside cylinder.Building waste need to be only put into feed pipe by people, and the ferromagnetic material in building waste can be reclaimed, and gone the removal of impurity and separated building waste according to size granularity, reach the requirement of recycling;The mobility of the device is good, and people are without building waste is transported to appointed place, and convenient for people to use, the crushing energy utilization rate in the course of work is big, meets the use demand of people.

Description

A kind of mobile construction waste crushing device
Technical field
Building field is the utility model is related to, specifically a kind of mobile construction waste crushing device.
Background technology
As Chinese national economy construction develops rapidly, the progress faster of China's urbanization, the build of various regions road and each The construction of ground building increases, and building trade turns into popular industry again.Substantial amounts of building can be produced in the work progress of building trade Rubbish, the main source of building waste are:First, produced during new building;Second, during building maintenance Produce;3rd, produced in building is rebuild and removed.Discarded object mainly includes waste concrete block, queen closer, metal, timber, glass With other discarded objects.
Stacked due to building waste and compare concentration, place is than relatively limited, and many building waste present position traffic are not It is very convenient, it is necessary to largely transport.The quantity of China's building waste has accounted for the 30%-40% of municipal refuse total amount.However, Most building wastes just transport countryside or rural area, air storage or landfill to by unit in charge of construction, consumed big without any processing The pork barrels such as the land acquisition expense of amount, refuse collection expense, meanwhile, clear and fly with dropping in stacking process with dust, sand-lime The problems such as raising causes serious environmental pollution again, and building waste has become a kind of public hazards, does not only take up substantial amounts of arable land And it will not decompose.Building waste recycling has been hot research problem instantly, but building waste needs to crush Ability recycling, existing breaker is all fixed, and building waste must be sent to appointed place by people can just enter Row is broken, and capacity usage ratio when breaker is broken is low.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of mobile construction waste crushing device, to solve above-mentioned background technology The problem of middle proposition.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
A kind of mobile construction waste crushing device, including vehicle frame, feed pipe and wheel, the wheel are arranged on vehicle frame Bottom, the inside that feed pipe is hinged on vehicle frame and on the downside of feed pipe are provided with electromagnet, and the bottom surface of feed pipe is with stretching The upper surface of bar is connected, and roller depiler, destroyer, chain type bucket elevator and cylinder are also equipped with vehicle frame, feed pipe End set has the swash plate towards roller depiler, and destroyer includes housing, charge door, conical sieving net plate, quartering hammer With broken discharging opening, the delivery outlet of roller depiler is connected with the charge door of destroyer, conical sieving net plate and broken Hammer is respectively positioned on enclosure interior and the tapering of conical sieving net plate is upward, and quartering hammer is evenly distributed under conical sieving net plate The circumferencial direction and quartering hammer in portion are driven using broken motor, and the circumferencial direction on conical sieving net plate top is evenly distributed with Bar shaped resigning hole, the lower end of conical sieving net plate is provided with rotating disk and rotating disk uses driving stepper motor, breaks off Material mouth is located at the bottom of housing and one end of chain type bucket elevator is connected with broken discharging opening, be provided with inside cylinder slip from Heart sleeve, centrifugal shaft and sliding axle and slide centrifugation sleeve and cylinder between use axial sliding fit, chain type bucket elevator The other end be connected with sliding the charging aperture of centrifugation sleeve, be provided with an outer sorting hole on cylinder, slide and centrifuge on sleeve Three interior sorting holes corresponding with outer sorting hole are set up in parallel along stack shell axial direction, slide centrifugation sleeve inner along stack shell axle Three centrifugal pans are set up in parallel to direction, are provided with filter bores on above two centrifugal pans, mistake in the centrifugal pan of the top The diameter of filter opening is more than the diameter of filter bores in middle centrifugal pan, is flexibly connected between centrifugal shaft and sliding axle using coaxial, three Individual centrifugal pan be successively set on from top to bottom on centrifugal shaft and slide centrifugation sleeve lower end be fixedly connected on the upper of sliding axle End, sliding axle are connected by slider-crank mechanism with the output shaft of sliding motor, and the output shaft of sliding motor is connected with conveyer belt, The end of conveyer belt is relative with the outer sorting hole on cylinder, and the end of centrifugal shaft upper end is connected with the output shaft of electric rotating machine.
As further program of the utility model:The bottom of vehicle frame is also equipped with hydraulic supporting feet, bar shaped resigning hole Quantity is eight.
As further program of the utility model:Centrifugal shaft lower end sets a disc projection, sliding axle upper end phase It is coaxial by disc projection and disc neck that the position of caving in answered is provided with a disc neck, sliding axle and centrifugal shaft It is flexibly connected.
As further program of the utility model:The stack shell both sides external for sliding centrifugation sleeve is oppositely arranged two cunnings Key, cylinder inwall both sides two keyways of relative set, slide centrifugation sleeve and cylinder is slid axially by feather key and keyway Connection.
As further program of the utility model:Be provided with centrifuge blade on the centrifugal pan of the top, centrifuge blade from from The radiation arrangement of cartridge mediad surrounding.
As further program of the utility model:Feed pipe uses dismountable framework, detachable dress on feed pipe It is connected to dust cover.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:The present invention is reasonable in design, uses simple side Just, building waste need to be only put into feed pipe by people, it is possible to the ferromagnetic material in building waste is reclaimed, goes to clean Matter and building waste is separated according to size granularity, reach the requirement of recycling;The mobility of the device is good, people Without building waste is transported to appointed place, convenient for people to use, the crushing energy utilization rate in the course of work is big, full The use demand of sufficient people.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of mobile construction waste crushing device.
Fig. 2 is the stereogram of cylinder in mobile construction waste crushing device.
Fig. 3 is the top view of cylinder in mobile construction waste crushing device.
Wherein:1- vehicle frames, 2- hydraulic supporting feets, 3- wheels, 4- feed pipes, 5- electromagnet, 6- roller depilers, 7- are broken Millstone, 8- charge doors, 9- cone sieving net plates, 10- quartering hammers, 11- stepper motors, 12- crush discharging opening, 13- chain type buckets Machine is carried, 14- cylinders, the outer sorting holes of 15-, 16-, which is slided, centrifuges sleeve, sorting hole in 17-, 18- centrifugal pans, 19- filter bores, 20- centrifuge blades, 21- sliding axles, 22- disc necks, 23- centrifugal shafts, 24- disc projections, 25- electric rotating machines, 26- are broken Broken motor, 27- rotating disks, 28- expansion links.
Embodiment
The technical scheme of this patent is described in more detail with reference to embodiment.
Fig. 1-3, a kind of mobile construction waste crushing device, including vehicle frame 1, feed pipe 4 and wheel 3 are referred to, it is described Wheel 3 is arranged on the bottom of vehicle frame 1, and the inside that feed pipe 4 is hinged on the vehicle frame 1 and downside of feed pipe 4 is provided with electromagnet 5, the bottom surface of feed pipe 4 is connected with the upper surface of expansion link 28, be also equipped with vehicle frame 1 roller depiler 6, destroyer 7, Chain type bucket elevator 13 and cylinder 14, the end set of feed pipe 4 have the swash plate towards roller depiler 6, and destroyer 7 includes Housing, charge door 8, conical sieving net plate 9, quartering hammer 10 and broken discharging opening 12, the delivery outlet of roller depiler 6 is with breaking The charge door 8 of millstone 7 is connected, and conical sieving net plate 9 and quartering hammer 10 are respectively positioned on enclosure interior and conical sieving net The tapering of plate 9 is upward, and quartering hammer 10 is evenly distributed on the circumferencial direction of the conical bottom of sieving net plate 9 and quartering hammer 10 uses Broken motor 26 drives, and the circumferencial direction on the conical top of sieving net plate 9 is evenly distributed with bar shaped resigning hole, conical sieving net The lower end of plate 9 is provided with rotating disk 27 and rotating disk 27 is driven using stepper motor 11, and broken discharging opening 12 is located at housing Bottom and one end of chain type bucket elevator 13 is connected with broken discharging opening 12, slip centrifugation sleeve is installed inside cylinder 14 16th, centrifugal shaft 23 and sliding axle 21 and slide centrifugation sleeve 16 and cylinder 14 between use axial sliding fit, chain type bucket The other end for carrying machine 13 is connected with sliding the charging aperture of centrifugation sleeve 16, and an outer sorting hole 15 is provided with cylinder 14, sliding Be set up in parallel three interior sorting holes 17 corresponding with outer sorting hole 15 along stack shell axial direction on dynamic centrifugation sleeve 16, slide from Three centrifugal pans 18 are set up in parallel along stack shell axial direction inside heart sleeve 16, are provided with above two centrifugal pans 18 Filter bores 19, the diameter of filter bores 19 is more than the diameter of filter bores 19 in middle centrifugal pan 18, centrifugation in the top centrifugal pan 18 It is flexibly connected between axle 23 and sliding axle 21 using coaxial, three centrifugal pans 18 are successively set on centrifugal shaft 23 simultaneously from top to bottom And the lower end for sliding centrifugation sleeve 16 is fixedly connected on the upper end of sliding axle 21, sliding axle 21 is by slider-crank mechanism with sliding The output shaft of motor is connected, and the output shaft of sliding motor is connected with conveyer belt, end and outer point on cylinder 14 of conveyer belt Relative from hole 15, the end of the upper end of centrifugal shaft 23 is connected with the output shaft of electric rotating machine 25.The bottom of vehicle frame 1 is also equipped with hydraulic pressure Support feet 2, the quantity of bar shaped resigning hole is eight.The lower end of centrifugal shaft 23 sets a disc projection 24, the upper end of sliding axle 21 Corresponding position of caving in is provided with a disc neck 22, and sliding axle 21 and centrifugal shaft 23 pass through disc projection 24 and disk Shape neck 22 is coaxially flexibly connected.The stack shell both sides external for sliding centrifugation sleeve 16 is oppositely arranged two feather keys, in cylinder 14 Two keyways of wall both sides relative set, slide centrifugation sleeve 16 and cylinder 14 is in axial sliding connection by feather key and keyway.Most Centrifuge blade 20 is provided with top centrifugal pan 18, centrifuge blade 20 is radiated from the mediad surrounding of centrifugal pan 18 and arranged.Feed pipe 4 Using dismountable framework, on feed pipe 4 detachable attaching have dust cover.
Operation principle of the present utility model is:Electromagnet 5 is worked, and building waste is fed from feed pipe 4, in building waste Ferromagnetic material is adsorbed by electromagnet 5, remaining to advance to roller depiler 6, people can pull expansion link 28 from And overturn the lower surface of feed pipe 4, then electromagnet 5 is powered off, it is possible to ferromagnetic material is collected, roller depiler 6 Provided with machine wall screen cloth, tentatively sorted, the debris such as plastics, wood, cloth, soil in screening removal building waste, after screening Raw material enters the charge door 8 of destroyer 7, and because conical sieving net plate 9 is in the cone of tapering upward, building waste is in gravity Under effect, there will be larger spatial area to divide on circular conical surface, approach quartering hammer 10 and vertically impact building waste, Impact efficiency is larger, and stepper motor 11 is run once at every fixed time, by the previous bar shaped on conical sieving net plate 9 Resigning hole is rotated at the latter bar shaped resigning hole, and during the dormancy of stepper motor 11, quartering hammer 10 continuously rotates, and impact bar shaped allows Building waste above the hole of position;And because building waste is quilt when being shelved under gravity on conical sieving net plate 9 What quartering hammer 10 impacted, therefore, the impact energy overwhelming majority of quartering hammer 10 has all been delivered to building waste surface, therefore energy Utilization rate is higher, and broken discharging opening 12, which is lifted and transmitted by chain type bucket elevator 13, is connected to slip centrifugation sleeve 16, due to most upper The diameter of filter bores 19 is more than the diameter of filter bores 19 in middle centrifugal pan 18 in square centrifugal pan 18, and the executing garbage of bulk resides in On the centrifugal pan 18 of the top, the executing garbage of middle build is resided on middle centrifugal pan 18, and the executing garbage of fritter drops down onto most bottom On the centrifugal pan 18 at end, executing garbage is subjected to initial gross separation by size, axial shifting can be carried out when in use by sliding centrifugation sleeve 16 Dynamic, now three interior sorting holes 17 can align with outer sorting hole 15 respectively, be ready for the separation of monolithic executing garbage, use When three centrifugal pans 18 can carry out rotation with centrifugal shaft 23, the design of centrifuge blade 20 be more conducive to make executing garbage thereon to exist Slip centrifugation sleeve 16 edge is moved in the presence of centrifugal force, so as to be separated when interior sorting hole 17 and outer sorting hole 15 align Go out, three centrifugal pans are fixed on centrifugal shaft 23 side by side about 18, are slided centrifugation sleeve 16 lower end and are fixed on sliding axle 21 End, sliding axle 21 are connected by slider-crank mechanism with sliding motor output shaft, and such sliding axle 21 can do piston movement, and Centrifugal shaft 23 is driven to be synchronized with the movement, the upper end end of centrifugal shaft 23 is connected with the output shaft of electric rotating machine 25, you can realizes centrifugal shaft 23 Rotation, so as to drive be disposed thereon three rotations of centrifugal pan 18, meanwhile, centrifugal shaft 23 and centrifugal pan 18 thereon can also Axial piston movement is carried out with sliding axle 21, the centrifugal force of rotation makes the executing garbage on centrifugal pan 18 be adjacent to slip centrifugation sleeve 16 Edge, axial movement enable interior sorting hole 17 and outer sorting hole 15 to align, and the two cooperation can reach rubbish of different sizes The purpose of rubbish block separation, sliding motor output shaft drive conveyer belt by Geneva mechanism, the end of conveyer belt with cylinder 14 Outer sorting hole 15 it is relative, the unidirectional intermittent movement of conveyer belt can be achieved, and ensure to separate from outer sorting hole 14 single Executing garbage can be transferred out in time, and executing garbage after separating one by one, is facilitated subsequent recovery and recycled by granule size, It is simple and efficient, precise and high efficiency.When people's use finishes, car need to only be driven away, people without building waste be transported, Can anywhere it be crushed.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the utility model is not limited to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and And in the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the present utility model, it can realize that this practicality is new in other specific forms Type.Therefore, no matter from the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and is nonrestrictive, this practicality is new The scope of type limits by appended claims rather than described above, it is intended that the equivalency fallen in claim is contained All changes in justice and scope are included in the utility model.Any reference in claim should not be considered as limitation Involved claim.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that those skilled in the art should for clarity Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It is appreciated that other embodiment.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. mobile construction waste crushing device, it is characterised in that including vehicle frame, feed pipe and wheel, the wheel peace Mounted in the bottom of vehicle frame, inside that feed pipe is hinged on vehicle frame and on the downside of feed pipe is provided with electromagnet, under feed pipe Bottom surface is connected with the upper surface of expansion link, and roller depiler, destroyer, chain type bucket elevator and separation are also equipped with vehicle frame Cylinder, the end set of feed pipe have the swash plate towards roller depiler, and destroyer includes housing, charge door, cone sieve material Web plate, quartering hammer and broken discharging opening, the delivery outlet of roller depiler are connected with the charge door of destroyer, cone sieve material Web plate and quartering hammer are respectively positioned on enclosure interior and the tapering of conical sieving net plate is upward, and quartering hammer is evenly distributed on cone The circumferencial direction and quartering hammer of sieving net plate bottom are driven using broken motor, the circumferencial direction on conical sieving net plate top Bar shaped resigning hole is evenly distributed with, the lower end of conical sieving net plate is provided with rotating disk and rotating disk is driven using stepper motor Dynamic, broken discharging opening is located at the bottom of housing and one end of chain type bucket elevator is connected with broken discharging opening, pacifies inside cylinder Axial sliding fit is used between centrifugation sleeve and cylinder equipped with sliding centrifugation sleeve, centrifugal shaft and sliding axle and sliding, The other end of chain type bucket elevator is connected with sliding the charging aperture of centrifugation sleeve, and an outer sorting hole is provided with cylinder, slides Three interior sorting holes corresponding with outer sorting hole are set up in parallel along stack shell axial direction on centrifugation sleeve, are slided in centrifugation sleeve Portion is set up in parallel three centrifugal pans along stack shell axial direction, and filter bores, the top are provided with above two centrifugal pans The diameter of filter bores is more than the diameter of filter bores in middle centrifugal pan in centrifugal pan, using coaxial living between centrifugal shaft and sliding axle Dynamic connection, three centrifugal pans are successively set on centrifugal shaft and slide the lower end of centrifugation sleeve from top to bottom is fixedly connected on cunning The upper end of moving axis, sliding axle are connected by slider-crank mechanism with the output shaft of sliding motor, the output shaft of sliding motor with it is defeated Send band to be connected, the end of conveyer belt is relative with the outer sorting hole on cylinder, the end of centrifugal shaft upper end and electric rotating machine it is defeated Shaft is connected.
  2. 2. mobile construction waste crushing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also pacify the bottom of the vehicle frame Equipped with hydraulic supporting feet, the quantity of bar shaped resigning hole is eight.
  3. 3. mobile construction waste crushing device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the centrifugal shaft lower end is set One disc projection, sliding axle upper end position of caving in accordingly are provided with a disc neck, and sliding axle and centrifugal shaft lead to Cross disc projection and disc neck is coaxially flexibly connected.
  4. 4. mobile construction waste crushing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described slide centrifuges sleeve Stack shell both sides external is oppositely arranged two feather keys, cylinder inwall both sides two keyways of relative set, slides centrifugation sleeve and divides It is in axial sliding connection from cylinder by feather key and keyway.
  5. 5. mobile construction waste crushing device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that on the top centrifugal pan Centrifuge blade is provided with, centrifuge blade is radiated from centrifugal pan mediad surrounding and arranged.
  6. 6. mobile construction waste crushing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the feed pipe is using removable Dress formula framework, on feed pipe detachable attaching have dust cover.
CN201721125111.0U 2017-09-04 2017-09-04 A kind of mobile construction waste crushing device Expired - Fee Related CN207204321U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721125111.0U CN207204321U (en) 2017-09-04 2017-09-04 A kind of mobile construction waste crushing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721125111.0U CN207204321U (en) 2017-09-04 2017-09-04 A kind of mobile construction waste crushing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207204321U true CN207204321U (en) 2018-04-10

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108616930A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-10-02 湖南城市学院 It is a kind of to be related to a kind of resource utilization method of the high building refuse containing civil engineering
CN108636516A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-12 陈细妹 A kind of building monitoring cement solution block device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108616930A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-10-02 湖南城市学院 It is a kind of to be related to a kind of resource utilization method of the high building refuse containing civil engineering
CN108636516A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-12 陈细妹 A kind of building monitoring cement solution block device

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GR01 Patent grant
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180410

Termination date: 20180904