CN102225417A - Method for harmlessly treating domestic garbage - Google Patents

Method for harmlessly treating domestic garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102225417A
CN102225417A CN2011101315791A CN201110131579A CN102225417A CN 102225417 A CN102225417 A CN 102225417A CN 2011101315791 A CN2011101315791 A CN 2011101315791A CN 201110131579 A CN201110131579 A CN 201110131579A CN 102225417 A CN102225417 A CN 102225417A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garbage
dry
air
rubbish
drying
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Pending
Application number
CN2011101315791A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李长利
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Individual
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Individual
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN2011101315791A priority Critical patent/CN102225417A/en
Publication of CN102225417A publication Critical patent/CN102225417A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for harmlessly treating domestic garbage. The method comprises the following steps of: 1) air drying for deodorization: carrying out air drying for four hours by using wind power after garbage enters, thus achieving the effects of drying garbage and deodorizing; 2) dispersing and unbunding: further drying by rolling a cylindrical drum distributed with nails internally, and dispersing and unbunding the wound and knotted garbage; 3) mechanical classifying: carrying out air blowing under the action of continuously rolling of the cylindrical drum, so as to further dry and automatically classify the garbage into disintegrated particles, light particles, bulky materials and metals. The method has the beneficial effects: 1. less investment, low cost, convenience and feasibility, thus being only one third to one fourth of the similar treatment cost in China currently; 2. no stock, thus recycling all treated garbage; and 3. capabilities of better recycling nondegradable waste plastics and further reducing 'white pollution'.

Description

The method of the harmless processing of a kind of house refuse
Technical field
The present invention relates to the domestic rubbish disposal field, relate in particular to the method for the harmless processing of a kind of house refuse.
Background technology
The present China house refuse particularly processing of municipal refuse mainly adopts simple stacking, sanitary landfills, burning and composting process to handle, and these processing methods have his own strong points, but all have some problem and shortage, are restricting the development of China's garbage disposal cause.Desirable garbage disposal will be carried out harmless treatment to rubbish exactly, and eliminates rapidly, at last reasonable use in addition.The waste disposal method of current extensive use is sanitary landfills, During High-Temperature Composting and burning.The deficiency of these processing methods is, the sanitary landfills occupied ground is quite big, because China's house refuse sub-material is unclear, the landfill of material such as large amount of organic and battery, cause sanitary filling field percolate polluted underground water, impermeable big with the collection and treatment technical difficulty, handle back sewage and also be difficult to qualified discharge; During High-Temperature Composting has a large amount of stenches to emit, and causes a large amount of breedings such as mosquitos and flies, severe contamination air and environment, burning tends to cause the pollution of atmospheric environment and the recyclable composition in the rubbish not to be recycled, cause the wasting of resources, and burn investment greatly, the residue that retains also must further be handled.
Summary of the invention
The method that the purpose of this invention is to provide the harmless processing of a kind of house refuse, this method is a kind of passing through the air-dry deodorizing of rubbish, disperse to separate bundle, the machinery classification, make rubbish more dry and be categorized as recyclable utilization automatically: disentegrated particles, light material, block material and metal, to overcome the deficiency of existing life refuse processing method.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention provides the method for the harmless processing of a kind of house refuse, said method comprising the steps of:
1) air-dry deodorizing:
Rubbish is marched into the arena, and the back is instant used wind-force air-dry 4 hours, reached the effect of garbage drying and deodorizing;
2) disperse, separate bundle:
The column type cylinder that is covered with hook nail by inside constantly rolls, and the further dry rubbish that also will twine tubercle disperses to separate bundle;
3) mechanization classification:
Under the effect that eye shape cylinder constantly rolls and be aided with air blast, make rubbish further dry and be categorized as automatically: disentegrated particles, light material, block material and metal.
Air-dry employing natural wind of described wind-force or air blast blowing make rubbish reach air-dry effect.
A kind of or several combination arbitrarily in the mode of the dehumidifier of described dehumidifier employing tubulose, Electric heating, heated drying air mode of heating, waste heat of plant or used heat.Described dehumidifier should reach kill bacteria and viral effect simultaneously.Wherein said Electric heating is a kind of or several combination arbitrarily in microwave heating, resistance wire mode of heating, the lamp heated mode.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1, no storage: the equal all classification of the rubbish after above-mentioned processing row again utilizes, does not have any retentate;
2, cost is low: because method is easy, energy consumption is low, mechanized operation, the processing cost of house refuse per ton has only 1/3rd to 1/4th of present domestic colleague's processing cost, add that all kinds of discarded objects that sort out are utilized again, economic benefit is more outstanding;
3, innoxious: as because without fermentation with burn, processing procedure does not produce sewage and pernicious gas, to participate in making construction material after particularly the waste plastic that can not degrade being polished into fine particle, reduce the good method of " white pollution " especially.
The specific embodiment
The method of the harmless processing of a kind of house refuse of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
1) air-dry deodorizing:
Rubbish is marched into the arena, and the back is instant used wind-force air-dry 4 hours, dehumidifier 5 minutes, and cylinder dries and reached the effect of garbage drying and deodorizing in 7 minutes then; Air-dry employing natural wind of described wind-force or air blast blowing make rubbish reach air-dry effect; A kind of or several combination arbitrarily in the mode of the dehumidifier of described dehumidifier employing tubulose, Electric heating, heated drying air mode of heating, waste heat of plant or used heat.Described Electric heating is a kind of or several combination arbitrarily in microwave heating, resistance wire mode of heating, the lamp heated mode.Described dehumidifier can reach kill bacteria and viral effect simultaneously;
2) disperse, separate bundle:
The column type cylinder that is covered with hook nail by inside constantly rolls, and the further dry rubbish that also will twine tubercle disperses to separate bundle;
3) mechanization classification:
Under the effect that eye shape cylinder constantly rolls and be aided with air blast, make rubbish further dry and be categorized as automatically: disentegrated particles, light material, block material and metal.
The present invention realizes that construction investment is few, and operating cost is low to be embodied in the technological design aspect, comprise three do not repeat, do not intersect, separate and interconnected streamline, comprising: air-dry deodorizing field, disperse, separate bundle, machinery classification.Thisly do not intersect, unduplicated streamline connects, and has reduced the construction area, has saved running costs, has saved manpower and power consumption in construction investment and the operating cost simultaneously again.
Resource circulation utilization of the present invention is embodied in, to adopting following processing method through the sorted four kinds of main matter of machinery:
1, under the effect that eye shape cylinder constantly rolls and be aided with air blast, from the dregs that the rotary screen orifice flow goes out, enter between tumbril, oven dry and attrition process are equipped with the some raw materials that meet content requirement, make particle organic bio-fertilizer or soil conditioner.
2, by air blast blow afloat the light material of blowing out from eye shape cylinder end as: waste plastics, paper, fabric etc. can be classified and reproduce after being reclaimed by retracting device.
3, the bulk material that flows out from the cylinder bottom: broken brick and tile, glass, metal and nondegradable plastics discarded object in small, broken bits, metal charge separated in order to the recovery of relevant industries reproduce; Remaining broken brick and tile, glass and nondegradable plastics discarded object in small, broken bits then mix and are polished into fine particle, make building materials.

Claims (3)

1. the method for the harmless processing of house refuse is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
1) air-dry deodorizing:
Rubbish is marched into the arena, and the back is instant used wind-force air-dry 4 hours, reached the effect of garbage drying and deodorizing;
2) disperse, separate bundle:
The column type cylinder that is covered with hook nail by inside constantly rolls, and the further dry rubbish that also will twine tubercle disperses to separate bundle;
3) mechanization classification:
Under the effect that eye shape cylinder constantly rolls and be aided with air blast, make rubbish further dry and be categorized as automatically: disentegrated particles, light material, block material and metal.
2. the method for the harmless processing of house refuse according to claim 1 is characterized in that: air-dry employing natural wind of described wind-force or air blast blowing.
3. the method for the harmless processing of house refuse according to claim 1 is characterized in that: a kind of or several combination arbitrarily in tubulose dehumidifier, electrical heating, heated drying air heating, waste heat of plant or the used heat mode is adopted in described dehumidifier.
CN2011101315791A 2011-05-20 2011-05-20 Method for harmlessly treating domestic garbage Pending CN102225417A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101315791A CN102225417A (en) 2011-05-20 2011-05-20 Method for harmlessly treating domestic garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011101315791A CN102225417A (en) 2011-05-20 2011-05-20 Method for harmlessly treating domestic garbage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102225417A true CN102225417A (en) 2011-10-26

Family

ID=44806434

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011101315791A Pending CN102225417A (en) 2011-05-20 2011-05-20 Method for harmlessly treating domestic garbage

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN102225417A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105823056A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-03 龚亚强 Drying furnace for household garbage and drying method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000079385A (en) * 1998-07-02 2000-03-21 Toto Ltd Waste treatment system and operation of the system
CN2737470Y (en) * 2004-06-02 2005-11-02 周杰 Life refuse sorting screen
CN1850365A (en) * 2006-05-26 2006-10-25 广州德润环保科技发展有限公司 Garbage comprehensive treatment method and apparatus
CN101628295A (en) * 2009-10-10 2010-01-20 吕小鸥 Complete decomposition processing process for urban domestic garbage substance
CN101658855A (en) * 2009-09-16 2010-03-03 陈仕应 Integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage
CN101905236A (en) * 2010-07-15 2010-12-08 陆锦珠 Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000079385A (en) * 1998-07-02 2000-03-21 Toto Ltd Waste treatment system and operation of the system
CN2737470Y (en) * 2004-06-02 2005-11-02 周杰 Life refuse sorting screen
CN1850365A (en) * 2006-05-26 2006-10-25 广州德润环保科技发展有限公司 Garbage comprehensive treatment method and apparatus
CN101658855A (en) * 2009-09-16 2010-03-03 陈仕应 Integrated machine for sorting domestic garbage
CN101628295A (en) * 2009-10-10 2010-01-20 吕小鸥 Complete decomposition processing process for urban domestic garbage substance
CN101905236A (en) * 2010-07-15 2010-12-08 陆锦珠 Automatic household garbage classification treatment method and device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105823056A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-03 龚亚强 Drying furnace for household garbage and drying method
CN105823056B (en) * 2016-04-20 2019-09-24 龚亚强 A kind of house refuse drying oven and furnace drying method

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Application publication date: 20111026