Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment and resource retracting device
The present invention relates to a kind of Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment and resource retracting device.
House refuse is classified, it is the important component part of Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment, the house refuse of China is a composting, complicated component, in house refuse, comprise organic matter (kitchen is surplus), also sneak into a spot of building waste (brick and tile stone, glass, pottery, dregs), waste or used plastics, metal etc., and resident's house refuse is also with putting into garbage collection points behind the plastic bag packaging, so further sorting recovery and comprehensive resource are handled after the broken bag.At present, the method that sorting of domestic most employing mechanical picker and artificial separation combine, the efficiency of separation is low, workman's operating environment is poor, influence further integrated treatment, and resource technology and equipment are not comprehensive, the valuable cargo in the house refuse does not obtain sufficient recycling.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment and resource retracting device that can carry out sorting recovery and comprehensive resource processing to domestic waste.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment and resource retracting device comprise sorting recovery system and comprehensive resource treatment system;
The sorting recovery system includes hopper, the discharge end of material bin is connected with bag-breaking machine, bag-breaking machine is tightly connected by slide hopper and sorting casing, be provided with damping water distribution pipeline in the slide hopper, slide hopper and damping water distribution pipeline constitute the water smoke conditioning sections, be provided with machinery rotation trommelling part in the sorting casing successively, magnetic force sorting part and gravity separation part, the sorting bottom half is provided with the output section, the output section comprises the dregs outlet, the organic matter discharging opening, the brick and tile stone discharging opening, sandy soil outlet and plastics outlet, charging one side of sorting casing is sealedly connected with air blast by blast pipe, the opposite side connection of sorting casing is provided with discharge pipe, discharge pipe is sealedly connected with cyclone dust collectors, cyclone dust collectors are sealedly connected with air exhauster, and the air outlet of air exhauster is communicated with the material bin sealing by backwind tube;
The comprehensive resource treatment system comprises organic matter composting part, inorganic matter brickmaking part, waste or used plastics system plastic grain part and the metal recovery part that is connected with sorting recovery system output section respectively.
The machinery rotation rotary screen partly comprises combination roll sieve, the circular hole rotary screen that is provided with at interval; The combination roll sieve closes on sorting casing charging one side, and the circular hole rotary screen is positioned at the opposite side of sorting casing, with the corresponding sweeper that is provided with of combination roll sieve; Gravity separation partly comprises the slope conveyor of angle adjustable and running speed; The magnetic force sorting partly comprises ferromagnetic deironing device.
The organic matter composting partly comprises fermentation cabin, the fermentation cabin top is provided with feeding conveyor, fermentation cabin charging aperture and material distributing machine, and the fermentation cabin sidepiece is provided with the discharging screw machine, and the discharging screw machine is connected with the outfeed belt machine, outfeed belt machine end is provided with rotary screen, and rotary screen is connected with the fertilizer belt feeder.
Inorganic matter brickmaking partly comprises jaw crusher, hammer mill, proportioning machine, mixer, the brickmaking machine that sets gradually and be connected by belt feeder, and brickmaking machine is connected with stacking machine, and stacking machine is connected with curing kilns.
Waste or used plastics system plastic grain partly comprises plastic breaker, and the plastic breaker below is provided with rinsing maching, and the rinsing maching below is provided with rinsing bath; rinsing bath is provided with machine for fishing out; the machine for fishing out discharge end is connected with extruding machine, and the extruding machine rear end is provided with the cooling pond, and the rear end, cooling pond is provided with pelleter.
Fermentation cabin top is provided with the deodorizing airduct, and the deodorizing airduct is connected with deodorizing tower by the deodorizing air exhauster, and the fermentation cabin bottom is provided with the oxygen supply blower fan, and the fermentation cabin sidewall is provided with the thermometric electroheat pair.
The present invention has following advantage:
One, sorting recovery system
1, bag-breaking machine and sorting unit are combined into one, have reduced the diffusion of smell in conveying equipment and the course of conveying, compact conformation has improved separating effect.
2, two series cylinder screen banks integrators, the conveying equipment in the classification process and the diffusion of dust odor have been controlled in rational combination, also help improving the efficiency of separation.
3, when air blast blasts sorting pneumatic separation device casing to air-flow, adjust the air quantity of air exhauster, make the exhausting amount greater than intake, the casing internal pressure is in negative pressure state in the maintenance equipment running process, control the excessive of dust and foul smell, formed circulated air by the air outlet of air exhauster is introduced feed inlet end, circulated air recycles, and has played energy-saving and cost-reducing effect.
4, the feeding mouth at bag-breaking machine discharge end and rotary screen has disposed the water smoke humidity control device, increases the moisture of stationery in the rubbish, helps stationery in the rubbish and plastics are separated, and has improved the efficiency of separation of paper and plastics.
Two, comprehensive resource treatment system
1, organic matter composting
Organic matter adopts storehouse formula fermentation, and floor space is little, and fermentation period is short, and the fertilizer quality is good, charging and discharging convenience, moisture adjusting, temperature detection, Ventilation Control, fermentative smell control etc., automaticity height.
2, inorganic matter brickmaking
Inorganic matter is broken to be adopted earlier through jaw crusher, again through the fragmentation of hammer mill two-stage, crushing efficiency height, little power consumption; Adopt the Full Automatic Liquid brick machine, pressure is big, produces the intensity height of brick; Adopt automatic stacking machine, the automaticity height, the output height, working strength of workers is low.
3, waste or used plastics system plastic grain
After the broken washing of waste or used plastics, contain large quantity of moisture, adopt wet method melt extrusion machine, saved dry run, the production efficiency height, significantly energy-saving and cost-reducing.
4, metal recovery
Adopt high-strength permanent magnetism automatic de-ironing device, metal recovery efficient height.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a sorting recovering system structural representation among the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is an organic matter composting part-structure schematic diagram among the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is an inorganic matter brickmaking part-structure schematic diagram among the present invention;
Fig. 6 is a waste or used plastics system plastic grain part-structure schematic diagram among the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1 to 6, Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment and resource retracting device comprise sorting recovery system and comprehensive resource treatment system;
Sorting recovery system (as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2) includes hopper 1, the discharge end of material bin 1 is connected with bag-breaking machine 2, bag-breaking machine 2 is tightly connected with sorting casing 20 by slide hopper 17, be provided with damping water distribution pipeline 15 in the slide hopper 17, slide hopper 17 and damping water distribution pipeline 15 constitute the water smoke conditioning sections, be provided with machinery rotation trommelling part, magnetic force sorting part and gravity separation part in the sorting casing 20 successively, the machinery rotation rotary screen partly comprises combination roll sieve 3, the circular hole rotary screen 4 that is provided with at interval; Combination roll sieve 3 closes on sorting casing 20 chargings one side, and circular hole rotary screen 4 is positioned at the opposite side of sorting casing 20, sieves the 3 corresponding sweepers 16 that are provided with combination roll; Gravity separation partly comprises the slope conveyor 13 of angle adjustable and running speed; The magnetic force sorting partly comprises ferromagnetic deironing device 19.Sorting casing 20 bottoms are provided with the output section, the output section comprises dregs outlet 6, organic matter discharging opening 7, brick and tile stone discharging opening 8, sandy soil outlet 9 and plastics outlet 10, charging one side of sorting casing 20 is sealedly connected with air blast 5 by blast pipe 18, the opposite side connection of sorting casing 20 is provided with discharge pipe 21, discharge pipe 21 is sealedly connected with cyclone dust collectors 14, cyclone dust collectors 14 are sealedly connected with air exhauster 11, and the air outlet of air exhauster 11 is communicated with material bin 1 sealing by backwind tube 12; The comprehensive resource treatment system comprises organic matter composting part, inorganic matter brickmaking part, waste or used plastics system plastic grain part and the metal recovery part that is connected with sorting recovery system output section respectively.Organic matter composting part is (as Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4) comprise fermentation cabin 22, fermentation cabin 22 tops are provided with feeding conveyor 23, fermentation cabin charging aperture 24 and material distributing machine 25, fermentation cabin 22 sidepieces are provided with discharging screw machine 26, discharging screw machine 26 is connected with outfeed belt machine 27, outfeed belt machine 27 ends are provided with rotary screen 28, rotary screen 28 is connected with fertilizer belt feeder 29, fermentation cabin 22 tops are provided with deodorizing airduct 30, deodorizing airduct 30 is connected with deodorizing tower 32 by deodorizing air exhauster 31, fermentation cabin 22 bottoms are provided with oxygen supply blower fan 33, and fermentation cabin 22 sidewalls are provided with thermometric electroheat pair 34.Inorganic matter brickmaking (as shown in Figure 5) part comprises jaw crusher 35, hammer mill 37, proportioning machine 38, mixer 39, the brickmaking machine 40 that sets gradually and be connected by belt feeder 36, brickmaking machine 40 is connected with stacking machine 41, and stacking machine 41 is connected with curing kilns 42.Waste or used plastics system plastic grain part (as shown in Figure 6) comprises plastic breaker 43; plastic breaker 43 belows are provided with rinsing maching 44; rinsing maching 44 belows are provided with rinsing bath 45; rinsing bath 45 is provided with machine for fishing out 46; machine for fishing out 46 discharge ends are connected with extruding machine 47; extruding machine 47 rear ends are provided with cooling pond 48, and 48 rear ends, cooling pond are provided with pelleter 49.
Among the present invention, the sorting recovery system is made of pan feeding and broken bag part, machinery rotation trommelling part, pneumatic separation part, water smoke conditioning sections, magnetic force sorting part, gravity separation part and output section six major parts.This six major part all respectively has independence, after each several part is finished respectively, assembles the all-in-one-piece manufacturing process again.Charging and broken bag in its six major part partly include material bin 1, bag-breaking machine 2, bag-breaking machine 2 is the uniform structure with linked rings of biconjugate roller, in rotary course, loop chain on the roller can be broken the bagged garbage bag, make that material scatters in the bag, loop chain also can be with the branch in the rubbish, organic matters such as bulk pericarp are smashed, loop chain is run into the hard materials such as brick and tile stone glass-ceramic in the rubbish, loop chain is rebounded and is not stuck, hard material enters slide hopper 17 downwards in bag-breaking machine 2, bag-breaking machine 2 has the ability that the soft or hard material all adapts to, enter rotary screen 3 through the material after the fragmentation through slide hopper 17, material is in through slide hopper 17 processes, when material is dry, carry out damping through damping water distribution pipeline 15, increase the moisture of material, reduce the dust in the assorting room, and the stationery in the damping material, the weight of stationery is increased, and the suction of the disposable plastic bag in the material is few, weight change is little, when pneumatic separation, heavy paper is fallen nearby, and light disposable plastic bag is fallen at a distance, helps paper and disposable plastic bag are separated; Rotary screen 3 is two sections combination screen drums; leading portion is small square hole 10 * 10mm; back segment is big square hole 80 * 80mm; the dregs of sneaking in the material is discharged by dregs outlet 6; organic matter is discharged by organic matter discharging opening 7; combustible and the brick and tile stone of sneaking into are fallen on the slope conveyor 13; by angle and the speed of adjusting slope conveyor building waste and combustible are separated; building waste brick and tile stone; glass; potteries etc. are discharged by brick and tile stone discharging opening 8 than heavy material; combustible light matter material is discharged by the discharging opening 50 of slope conveyor 13; metal is discharged through ferromagnetic deironing device 19; paper suction back weight increase has been sneaked in the combustible; through air blast 5; blast pipe 18; under powerful air-flow effect; disposable plastic bag is blown in the circular hole rotary screen 4; discharge by plastics outlet 10; air-flow in the sorting casing 20 is through cyclone dust collectors 14; air exhauster 11; backwind tube 12; blow to charging aperture 1 place; through bag-breaking machine 2; blow to slide hopper 17; form circulated air; circulated air helps material and flows downward; air-flow last and blast pipe 18 converges at slide hopper 17 places; circulated air is recycled again, by adjusting air blast 5; the air door of air exhauster 11 and variable frequency regulating speed control device keep being in negative pressure state in the sorting casing 20; control the excessive of smell and dust, protected production environment.
During the work of this sorting recovery system, at first open each system equipment, adjust the air quantity of air blast 5 and air exhauster 11, in the control sorting casing 20 is negative pressure, according to the moisture of pan feeding material, and control damping water distribution pipeline 15 injection flow rates, according to the output that enters material, adjust the rotating speed of combination roll sieve 3.The sieve plate Circularhole diameter ￠ 30mm of circular hole rotary screen 4, according to what of disposable plastic bag in the circular hole rotary screen 4, adjust the rotating speed of circular hole rotary screen 4, be blown into a small amount of sandy soil of sneaking in the sandy soil of circular hole rotary screen 4 and the disposable plastic bag, after rotary screen 4 screenings, plastics are discharged by plastics outlet 10.Sandy soil are discharged by sandy soil outlet 9.Combination roll sieve 3 is the combination screen drums in two kinds of apertures.The sieve plate of combination roll sieve 3 and circular hole rotary screen 4 is modularization and is fixed by nut, can change the sieve plate in different apertures according to component of refuse, maintenance is convenient, the sweeper 16 of combination roll sieve 3 configurations is cleared up the attachment and the earth of screen drum at any time along with the rotation of screen drum, adjustable gaps between sweeper 16 and the rotary screen 3, the timely cleaning of sieve aperture helps to improve screening efficiency.Programmable controller PLC, automaticity height are adopted in the electrical control of sorting unit.
Among the present invention, organic matter composting part: the organic matter in the house refuse that sub-elects is defeated 23 through feeding conveyor, material distributing machine 22, deliver to the fermentation cabin charging aperture 24 of each fermentation cabin 22, and organic matter is disposed in each fermentation cabin 22 equably.Treat that binning finishes, start oxygen supply blower fan 33 beginning forced ventilations, temperature is controlled at about 65 ℃, after 7 days intensifications, insulation, finishes fermentation.Fermentation materials is delivered to outfeed belt machine 27 through discharging screw machine 26 by the bottom, storehouse, outfeed belt machine 27 is transported to rotary screen 28 with it and carries out the mechanical grading processing, and organic matter (material of particle diameter＜15mm) is delivered to the fertilizer workshop by fertilizer belt feeder 29 and deposited.Evenly arrange in the middle part, the outside of each fermentation cabin 22 three thermometric electroheat pairs 34 have been installed, be used to detect the temperature of fermentation materials, when temperature reaches 65 ℃, automatically start 33 coolings of oxygen supply blower fan, when temperature drops to 45 ℃, oxygen supply blower fan 33 stops automatically, and the oxygen supply ventilating system is controlled automatically.
Inorganic matter brickmaking part: the inorganic matter (as: brick that sub-elects, watt, stone etc.) enter jaw crusher 37, after the coarse crushing, send into hammer mill 37 by belt feeder 36 and carry out fine crushing, reach the brick-making raw material requirement, send into the aggregate bin of proportioning machine 38 then by belt feeder 36, proportioning machine 38 has two material bins, aggregate bin and cement silo, aggregate and cement are according to the prescription batching, prepare material and send into mixer 39 stirrings through belt feeder 36, start water pump then and add water by prescription, stir in mixer 39, after stirring finished, mixed material was sent into brickmaking machine 40 extrusion modlings by belt feeder 36, the brick of every sheet metal forming is sent into curing kilns 42 maintenances by automatic stacking machine 41 pilings behind the piling.
Waste or used plastics system plastic grain part: the waste or used plastics that sub-elects; send into plastic breaker 43 and carry out fragmentation; entering rinsing maching 44 then washs once more; in rinsing bath 45, carry out rinsing and remove sandy soil and impurity; clean plastics after the washing after machine for fishing out 46 is pulled out, send into that extruding machine 47 dewaters, high-temperature digestion and extruding slivering, the plastic strip of extruding is softer, also need cool in cooling pond 48; cooling is made plastic grain at last after pelleter 49 is cut into graininess.