CN107282597B - A kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking - Google Patents

A kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107282597B
CN107282597B CN201710517124.0A CN201710517124A CN107282597B CN 107282597 B CN107282597 B CN 107282597B CN 201710517124 A CN201710517124 A CN 201710517124A CN 107282597 B CN107282597 B CN 107282597B
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China
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rubbish
bar
pipe
fermentation vat
crush box
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CN201710517124.0A
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CN107282597A (en
Inventor
金福森
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Zhejiang Xuyuan Environmental Technology Co.,Ltd.
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HANGZHOU JINZHU ELECTROMECHANICAL CO Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of processing systems for rubbish from cooking, successively include the feed tank for gathering materials;For sorting the sorting pulverizer of organic waste and undecomposable rubbish;For sloughing the dewaterer of moisture in the organic waste that sorting pulverizer sorts out;For to the installation for fermenting for carrying out aerobic fermentation by the dewatered SOLID ORGANIC matter of dewaterer;For separating the oil-liquid separator of grease in the liquid organic matter that the machine that is dehydrated is sloughed;The elevator for feeding is equipped between the feed tank and sorting pulverizer;Organic solid waste in rubbish is sorted out and crush, it is sorted smashed organic solid waste and enters dewaterer and be dehydrated, solid refuse, which enters, carries out aerobic fermentation in installation for fermenting, liquid refuse enters progress oil liquid separation in oil-liquid separator, organic solid waste is fully utilized, makes full use of resource.The foul smell that aerobic fermentation generates simultaneously is less, reduces the pollution to environment.

Description

A kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking
Technical field
The present invention relates to kitchen waste processing equipments, and in particular to a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking.
Background technique
Yield of the kitchen garbage in China is big, and the random stacking of rubbish handles corruption easy to breed, generates various cause of diseases Bacterium more endangers people's health while influencing the appearance of the city.Therefore, the processing of kitchen garbage has more important practical meaning Justice.Kitchen garbage is processed into feed, is one of the direction of the novel research and development of kitchen garbage.Garbage sorting is in kitchen garbage processing A ring.
The mode for solving sorting kitchen waste processing at present is mainly manual sorting, and in addition to this there are also water buoyancies to sort Garbage mixture is divided into the part in the portion of floating on the water using water and sinks to the part in underwater portion by method;Crush method of distributing, i.e., it is sharp Garbage mixture is crushed with pulverizer, is divided into rubbish pulverized particles part and the part that can not grind up the refuse;The screen to filtrate Garbage mixture is divided into the biggish part of particle and the lesser portion of particle using the net with grid or hole by method of distributing Point, etc..Various sorting modes have the shortcomings that respective that water buoyancy method of distributing needs to consume larger amount of water, these water above Pollution is easily caused in discharge process;The rubbish that plastics etc. are not easily decomposed cannot effectively be sorted out by crushing method of distributing, to after rubbish Continuous processing brings difficulty;The screen to filtrate method of distributing is only capable of from the granular size of rubbish individual for rubbish being roughly divided into two portions Point, it sorts ineffective.
Summary of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention intends to provide a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking System, can efficiently separate plastics, organic matter and the waste residue that can not be decomposed, and sorting effect is preferable.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical scheme that
A kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking,
It successively include the feed tank for gathering materials;
For sorting the sorting pulverizer of organic waste and undecomposable rubbish;
For sloughing the dewaterer of moisture in the organic waste that sorting pulverizer sorts out;
For to the installation for fermenting for carrying out aerobic fermentation by the dewatered SOLID ORGANIC matter of dewaterer;
For separating the oil-liquid separator of grease in the liquid organic matter that the machine that is dehydrated is sloughed;
The elevator for feeding is equipped between the feed tank and sorting pulverizer;
The sorting pulverizer includes the crush box that feed inlet is equipped with above one end, and the crush box is back to feed inlet one end Upper and lower two sides are respectively equipped with out modeling mouth and slag notch, and the mouth of modeling out is equipped with aspiration pump, is rotatably connected to and sets in the crush box There is the crushing bar of Disintegrating knife, the Disintegrating knife is equipped with several along helix, and the crush box is externally provided with for driving powder The actuator of broken bar rotation, the crushing box lower end face is equipped with baffle, the baffle and crushing box cavity formation material pond, described The sieve of covering material pond upper end is installed on material pond, material pond lower end is communicated with discharge nozzle, and the slag notch is located at Baffle is back to feed inlet side.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, there are in feed tank in rubbish, is mentioned by elevator to feed inlet and being made it into Crush box, the crushing bar cutting that rubbish is rotated is smashed, and crushes bar and pulverized rubbish is driven to do centrifugal movement, makes organic matter Rubbish enters sieve.The rubbish that can not be decomposed simultaneously, such as glass and polybag are crushed blade and are oriented to forward feeding, until It reaches the other end of the crushing box, and the lighter rubbish of the specific gravity such as plastics is taken away by aspiration pump, discharges from modeling mouth is gone out.Glass, bowls and chopsticks etc. The heavier rubbish of specific gravity is directly dropped out from slag notch, so as to complete the sorting of organic matter, plastics and waste residue.It will not generate additional Sewage pollution environment, while preferably having separated organic matter again and the rubbish that can not decompose, sorting effect is preferable.
It is sorted smashed organic solid waste and enters dewaterer and be dehydrated, solid refuse, which enters in installation for fermenting, to carry out Aerobic fermentation, liquid refuse enter progress oil liquid separation in oil-liquid separator, organic solid waste is fully utilized, fill Divide and utilizes resource.The foul smell that aerobic fermentation generates simultaneously is less, reduces the pollution to environment.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the crush box is communicated with material guiding tube, the material guiding tube back to feed inlet one end It is connected to crush box upper end, the material guiding tube is L-shaped, and the material guiding tube is connected with out modeling pipe and residue outlet back to crushing box one end, The pipe of modeling out is located above material guiding tube and modeling mouth is located on modeling pipe out, and described pipe one end of modeling out is connected with collecting box, described Residue outlet is located at below material guiding tube and slag notch is located on slag notch.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, material is under the centrifugal action for crushing bar rotation, the rubbish elder generation quilt that can not decompose Centrifugation is thrown in material guiding tube, and then the rubbish of lightweight such as plastics enter in collecting box, and centralized recovery is carried out to it, heavier Rubbish is discharged from slag notch.Since rubbish have passed through the guiding of material guiding tube, the light refuses such as plastics are reduced since centrifugal force is straight The probability from slag notch discharge crush box is connect, light refuse and heavier garbage sorting are come as far as possible, it is subsequent right to facilitate The processing of rubbish.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: described crushing bar one end is radially installed with parabolic plate, parabolic plate edge The projection of vertical direction is located in material guiding tube, and the parabolic plate is circumferentially with several along bar is crushed.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, after garbage transporting to crushing box one end, thrown object strip is dynamic to be done along crush box diameter To centrifugal movement, be thrown into rubbish preferably in material guiding tube, reduce the accumulation for the rubbish that can not be decomposed in crush box, Improve sorting efficiency.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the crushing bar is fed through back to actuator one end to be crushed bar and be rotationally connected with Crush box, the crushing bar are equipped with back to actuator one end and crush the dynamically balanced clump weight of bar for adjusting.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, so that the stress that both ends are subject to when making to crush bar rotation is equal, to reduce The moment of flexure that bar is subject in rotation is crushed, makes the more smooth stabilization for crushing bar rotation, also reduces and crush bar deflection deformation It may.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: be arranged with mounting ring on the crushing bar, set on the mounting ring and crushing bar Have for mounting ring to be fixedly installed in the fixed mechanism crushed on bar, the mounting ring is axially arranged with several along the crushing bar A, the Disintegrating knife is fixed on mounting ring.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, by the way that Disintegrating knife is fixed in mounting ring, then by each mounting ring with Different angles, which is mounted on, to be crushed on bar, is realized that Disintegrating knife is mounted on along helix and is crushed on bar, without that will crush bar one Piece piece is welded on along helix and crushes on bar, facilitates the installation of Disintegrating knife.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the fixed mechanism includes being opened in crush the thread groove of bar outer wall, be fixedly arranged on The mounting blocks and standing screw of mounting ring inner wall, the thread groove connection crushes bar one end and standing screw is threadedly connected to crushing Bar and the close mounting ring for crushing the bar end, the mounting blocks are embedded in thread groove and are slidably connected to thread groove, the peace It is mutually pushed against between dress ring.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when installation, mounting blocks is connected to from thread groove and crushes bar one end and is embedded in thread groove, Then it is rotatablely installed ring, mounting blocks slide in thread groove at this time, until mounting blocks abut the thread groove other end;Then under installing One mounting ring then proceedes to the installation of next mounting ring until it is pushed against with a upper mounting ring, until all mounting rings It installs.Standing screw is screwed in the last one mounting ring, makes the last one mounting ring is opposite to crush by standing screw Bar is fixed, so that all mounting rings be made to be stably mounted to crush on bar.Without individually being fixed to each mounting ring, while It can ensure that Disintegrating knife can arrange along helix, facilitate the installation of mounting ring.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the Disintegrating knife is removably connected with knife towards bar rotation direction side is crushed Head.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, organic matter is cut by cutter head, it is crushed preferably, works as simultaneously Interchangeable bit after cutter head damage, does not need to change the blade entirely crushed, facilitates and repair to Disintegrating knife, reduce dimension Accomplish this.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the installation for fermenting includes the fermentation vat for being in sealed set, is used for fermentation vat The material conveyor of interior feed, the litter that fermentation vat is slidably connected to along fermentation vat length direction, for drive litter along fermentation The driving mechanism and be installed on for turning over the turner structure of cast material on litter that pond length direction is slided, the fermentation vat bottom surface is opened Equipped with being in netted underdrain, the oxygen supplying tube for offering oxygen outlet for oxygen supply, described oxygen supplying tube one end are equipped in the underdrain Equipped with air feed pump, the exhaust pipe for exhaust is communicated on the fermentation vat, described exhaust pipe one end is connected with desulfurization suction in turn Receive tower, denitration absorption tower and UV photodissociation deduster.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the rubbish after being crushed is transported in fermentation vat by material conveyor, simultaneously It is supplied oxygen by oxygen supplying tube into fermentation vat, so that rubbish is gradually carried out aerobic fermentation, become organic matter.Driving mechanism drives litter edge Fermentation vat length direction turns over throwing rubbish, makes air containing oxygen by uniformly with being entered in rubbish, to make rubbish can more evenly Become organic matter.In above process, aerobic fermentation will not generate Aspergillus flavus, make the harmful substance in the organic matter generated It is few, it is convenient that reuse is carried out to organic matter.The foul smell that aerobic fermentation generates simultaneously is less;And foul smell can only be discharged from exhaust pipe, and It can successively be handled, therefore be discharged into the exhaust gas in atmosphere by desulfuration absorbing tower, denitration absorption tower and UV photodissociation deduster Foul smell and nuisance are reduced, and reduce the pollution to environment.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the material conveyor includes delivery pipe, the spiral for being rotationally connected with delivery pipe Conveying lever and for drive spiral conveyor rod rotate driving motor, described delivery pipe one end be equipped with for into sawdust first into Expects pipe and for the second feed pipe into rubbish, the delivery pipe other end is equipped with the discharge nozzle for discharging.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, while conveying garbage, sawdust is added into rubbish by the first feed pipe, To reduce the moisture content in rubbish, make its moisture stabilization 65% hereinafter, carry out aerobic fermentation can preferably.Rubbish and Sawdust enters back into fermentation vat after spiral conveyor rod conveying mixing, keeps the water content of rubbish everywhere close, make everywhere Rubbish will not influence the progress of its aerobic fermentation since water content is higher, guarantee fermentation efficiency.
The further setting of the present invention are as follows: the fermentation vat bottom surface is equipped with the ventilation resistance for entering oxygen supplying tube for obstructing rubbish Interlayer.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, to prevent during the fermentation, organic matter falls to blocking in oxygen supplying tube and supplies Oxygen pipe makes the sustainable stable oxygen supply of oxygen supplying tube, go on smoothly aerobic fermentation can.Simultaneously because ventilation barrier layer ventilation, therefore Oxygen can still smoothly enter between rubbish, and make rubbish everywhere and will not cause since oxygen content is low aerobic fermentation can not It carries out.
The invention has the following advantages that can be by packaged bagged garbage automatic bag-breaking, then not by the lightweight in rubbish Decomposable rubbish (such as plastics), heavier nondecomposable rubbish (such as glass) and organic matter material are effectively separated, Realize continuous kitchen garbage, closing, the sorting of automatic operating.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of embodiment one;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram that pulverizer is sorted in embodiment one;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of crush box in embodiment one;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram that bar is crushed in embodiment one;
Fig. 5 is the partial schematic diagram of embodiment one;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of mounting ring in embodiment one;
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional view (be mainly used for embodying and support pipe) of fermentation vat in embodiment one;
Fig. 8 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at A;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of material conveyor in embodiment one;
Figure 10 is the cross-sectional view of material conveyor in embodiment one;
Figure 11 is the cross-sectional view of fermentation vat in embodiment one;
Figure 12 is the partial schematic diagram (being mainly used for embodying turner structure) of embodiment one;
Figure 13 is the partial sectional view (being mainly used for embodying transmission electrical machine) of embodiment one;
Figure 14 is the cross-sectional view of guide pipe and mechanism for opening/closing in embodiment one;
Figure 15 is the cross-sectional view (being mainly used for embodying pulley and caulking groove) of guide pipe and mechanism for opening/closing in embodiment one;
Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram of crushing rod in embodiment two;
Figure 17 is the structural schematic diagram of crushing rod in embodiment three;
Appended drawing reference: 1, feed tank;1.1, output pipe;2, pulverizer is sorted;3, dewaterer;4, installation for fermenting;5, oil liquid Separator;5.1, liquid storage tank;6, broken bag mechanism;7, case is deposited in;8, elevator;9, crush box;10, broken bag case;11, broken bag bar; 12, into sack;13, aspiration channel;14, air draught part;15, gas gathering mask;16, oil tank;17, rotary electric machine;18, object out hole;19, go out Property management;20, feed inlet;21, collect magnetic case;22, permanent magnet;23, collect magnetic tube;24, material guiding tube;25, go out modeling pipe;26, residue outlet; 27, go out modeling mouth;28, collecting box;29, aspiration pump;30, slag notch;31, scrap collecting tank;32, bar is crushed;33, bearing is sealed; 34, actuator;35, clump weight;36, thread groove;37, mounting ring;38, mounting blocks;39, standing screw;40, fixed mechanism;41, Disintegrating knife;42, cutter head;43, bolt is installed;44, parabolic plate;45, baffle;46, material pond;47, sieve;48, discharge nozzle; 49, the first intermediate pool;50, extraction pipe;51, drawing liquid pump;52, the second intermediate pool;53, third intermediate pool;54, fermentation vat;55, object Material conveyer;56, turner structure;57, underdrain;58, oxygen supplying tube;59, oxygen outlet;60, air feed pump;61, heater;62, it ventilates Barrier layer;63, exhaust pipe;64, desulfuration absorbing tower;65, denitration absorption tower;66, UV photodissociation deduster;67, delivery pipe;68, spiral shell Revolve conveying lever;69, driving motor;70, the first feed pipe;71, the second feed pipe;72, feed screw;73, material stock cylinder;74, Connecting tube;75, distribution pipe;76, spiral feed rod;77, motor is connected;78, batching pipe;79, litter;80, sliding slot;81, elevator Machine;82, driving mechanism;83, mounting rack;84, screw rod;85, the first rotary electric machine;86, mounted roller;87, throwing plate is turned over;88, second Rotary electric machine;89, dovetail groove;90, limited block;91, guide pipe;92, discharge port;93, discharging mechanism;94, the first transmission belt; 95, the second transmission belt;96, support roller;97, transmission electrical machine;98, mechanism for opening/closing;99, the first plate;100, the second plate;101, it drives Cylinder;102, pulley;103, caulking groove.
Specific embodiment
Referring to attached drawing, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment one:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking,
It successively include the feed tank 1 for gathering materials;
For sorting the sorting pulverizer 2 of organic waste and undecomposable rubbish;
For sloughing the dewaterer 3 of moisture in the organic waste that sorting pulverizer 2 sorts out;
For to the installation for fermenting 4 for carrying out aerobic fermentation by the dewatered SOLID ORGANIC matter of dewaterer 3;
For separating the oil-liquid separator 5 of grease in the liquid organic matter that the machine that is dehydrated 3 is sloughed.
As shown in Figure 1, being equipped with output pipe 1.1 below feed tank 1, output pipe 1.1 is equipped with valve.Output pipe 1.1 and point It picks and is equipped with elevator 8 between pulverizer 2.As shown in Fig. 2, sorting pulverizer 2 include broken bag mechanism 6, in deposit case 7, screw feeding Machine 72 and crush box 9.Broken bag mechanism 6 includes broken bag case 10 and broken bag bar 11, and 10 one end upper side wall of broken bag case is offered into sack 12.As shown in Figure 1,8 one end of elevator is located at 1.1 lower section of output pipe, and the other end is located at into 12 top of sack.Into on sack 12 Side is additionally provided with aspiration channel 13, and aspiration channel 13 is located at 8 top of elevator.Air draught part 14 is equipped in aspiration channel 13, air draught part 14 is gas Pump.Aspiration channel 13 is equipped with gas gathering mask 15 towards 6 one end of broken bag mechanism.
As shown in Fig. 2, broken bag case 10 offers object out hole 18 back into 12 one end lower wall of sack.10 lower end surface of broken bag case It is inclined to set towards object out hole 18.In deposit case 7 and be located at the lower section of broken bag case 10, in deposit and be connected with out between case 7 and object out hole 18 Property management 19.
As shown in Fig. 2, broken bag bar 11 is rotationally connected with broken bag case 10 along 10 length direction of broken bag case, into sack 12 and out object Mouth 18 is located at 11 both ends of broken bag bar.Broken bag bar 11 is screw pitch from the displacement spiral shell become larger into sack 12 to object out hole 18 Bar.11 one end of broken bag bar is equipped with the rotary electric machine 17 for driving broken bag bar 11 to rotate, and rotary electric machine 17 is fixedly installed in broken bag Case 10.
As shown in Fig. 2, 9 one end upper side of crush box is equipped with feed inlet 20.Feed screw 72 deposits the material in case 7 by Promote 20 top of feed inlet.The feed inlet 20 of the discharge port connection crush box 9 of feed screw 72.9 side of crush box is equipped with Collect magnetic case 21, collection 21 inner wall of magnetic case is equipped with permanent magnet 22, and collection magnetic tube 23, collection are connected between 20 side wall sum aggregate magnetic case 21 of feed inlet Magnetic tube 23 is connected to 20 side wall sum aggregate magnetic case 21 of feed inlet.
As shown in Fig. 2, crush box 9 is communicated with material guiding tube 24 back to 20 one end upper side of feed inlet, material guiding tube 24 is L-shaped. Material guiding tube 24 is connected with out modeling pipe 25 and residue outlet 26 back to 9 one end of crush box, moulds pipe 25 out and is located at 24 top of material guiding tube and goes out It moulds 25 upper end of pipe and is equipped with modeling mouth 27, mould 25 one end of pipe out and be connected with collecting box 28, mould aspiration pump 29 is installed on mouth 27 out.Out Slag pipe 26 is located at 24 lower section of material guiding tube and residue outlet 26 is equipped with slag notch 30, and 26 one end of residue outlet is connected with scrap collecting tank 31。
Bar 32 is crushed as shown in figure 3, being rotatably connected in crush box 9 along its axial direction, 32 both ends of bar is crushed and is fed through powder Broken case 9 is equipped with sealing bearing 33 between crush box 9 and crushing bar 32, sealing 33 inner ring of bearing, which is fixed on, crushes bar 32, sealing 33 outer ring of bearing is fixed on crush box 9.It crushes 32 one end of bar and is coaxially installed with actuator 34, actuator 34 is servo motor, is driven Moving part 34 is fixedly installed in crush box 9.Bar 32 is crushed back to 34 one end of actuator equipped with dynamically balanced for adjusting crushing bar 32 Clump weight 35 keeps crushing 32 both ends counterweight of bar identical.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, it crushes 32 outer wall of bar and offers thread groove 36, the connection of 36 one end of thread groove crushes bar 32 and leans on Nearly 20 one end of feed inlet.As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 6, it crushes and is arranged with mounting ring 37 on bar 32, mounting ring 37 is along crushing bar 32 It is axially arranged with several, and is mutually pushed against between adjacent mounting ring 37.37 inner wall of mounting ring is installed with mounting blocks 38.Mounting ring 37 are sheathed on and crush that bar 32 is outer and the sliding of mounting blocks 38 is embedded in thread groove 36.The spiral shell in the mounting ring 37 of feed inlet 20 Line is connected with standing screw 39, and standing screw 39, which is threadedly connected to, crushes bar 32, is fixed on mounting ring 37 and crushes bar 32.Screw thread Slot 36, mounting blocks 38 and standing screw 39 are constituted for mounting ring 37 to be fixedly installed in the fixed mechanism crushed on bar 32 40, fixed mechanism 40 is embodied in Fig. 3.
As shown in figure 5,37 outer wall of mounting ring is fixed with Disintegrating knife 41, the formation of Disintegrating knife 41 in all mounting rings 37 Helix.As shown in fig. 6, Disintegrating knife 41 is removably connected with cutter head 42 towards 32 rotation direction side of bar is crushed.Cutter head 42 On be threaded with installation bolt 43, installation bolt 43 is threadedly connected to Disintegrating knife 41, and it is long along cutter head 42 to install bolt 43 It spends direction and is equipped with several.
It is radially installed with parabolic plate 44 back to 20 one end of feed inlet as shown in figure 3, crushing bar 32, parabolic plate 44 is along perpendicular Histogram to projection be located in material guiding tube 24, parabolic plate 44 along crush bar 32 be circumferentially with several.Rubbish is in parabolic plate 44 It leads downwardly into material guiding tube 24.
As shown in figure 3,9 lower end surface of crush box is connected to 9 two sides side of crush box along baffle 45, baffle 45 is equipped with straight up Wall.9 inner cavity formation material pond 46 of baffle 45 and crush box, the projection of mounting ring 37 along the vertical direction are fallen in material pond 46.Object It is installed with the sieve 47 of 46 upper end of covering material pond in material pond 46,46 lower end of material pond is communicated with discharge nozzle 48, on discharge nozzle 48 Equipped with valve.
As shown in Figure 1, being equipped with the first intermediate pool 49, the feed end of the first intermediate pool 49 and dewaterer 3 below discharge nozzle 48 Between be equipped with feed screw 72.72 lower end of feed screw is located in the first intermediate pool 49, and 72 upper end of feed screw The feed end of discharge end connection dewaterer 3.
As shown in Figure 1, being equipped with the second intermediate pool 52 below the outlet end of dewaterer 3, going out below object end for dewaterer 3 is equipped with Third intermediate pool 53.Extraction pipe 50 is equipped between second intermediate pool 52 and the feed end of oil-liquid separator 5, extraction pipe 50 is equipped with Drawing liquid pump 51.The outlet end of oil-liquid separator 5 is connected with liquid storage tank 5.1, and the oil outlet of oil-liquid separator 5 is connected with oil tank 16。
As shown in Figure 1, installation for fermenting 4 includes fermentation vat 54 and the material conveyor 55 for being fed into fermentation vat 54. As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, fermentation vat 54 is a closed chamber.54 bottom surface of fermentation vat is offered in netted underdrain 57, underdrain Oxygen supplying tube 58 is embedded in 57,58 upper surface of oxygen supplying tube offers several oxygen outlets 59.It is interconnected between oxygen supplying tube 58, wherein Piece 58 one end of oxygen supplying tube is equipped with air feed pump 60, and having heaters 61 is installed on the oxygen supplying tube 58.Air feed pump 60 will be by heater 61, which are heated to the air after certain stabilization, is pumped into oxygen supplying tube 58, is then discharged into fermentation vat 54 by oxygen outlet 59, makes to ferment Amount of oxygen in pond 54 is maintained at sufficient state, and fermentation vat 54 is made to keep certain temperature.54 bottom surface of fermentation vat is equipped with and is used for Barrier rubbish enters the ventilation barrier layer 62 of oxygen supplying tube 58, and ventilation barrier layer 62 can be rice husk, leaf deadwood etc..
As shown in Figure 1,54 upper end of fermentation vat is communicated with the exhaust pipe 63 for exhaust, aspiration channel 13 is back to gas gathering mask 15 1 End connection exhaust pipe 63.63 one end of exhaust pipe is connected with desulfuration absorbing tower 64, denitration absorption tower 65 and UV photodissociation deduster in turn 66。
As shown in figure 9, material conveyor 55 is located at 54 one end of fermentation vat, material conveyor 55 includes delivery pipe 67, spiral Conveying lever 68 and driving motor 69.As shown in Figure 10, delivery pipe 67 back to 54 one end both sides of the upper end of fermentation vat be equipped with for into First feed pipe 70 of sawdust and for the second feed pipe 71 into rubbish, the first feed pipe 70 and the equal direction of the second feed pipe 71 Delivery pipe 67 is inclined to set.As shown in Figure 1, being equipped with feed screw 72, the spiral shell between third intermediate pool 53 and delivery pipe 67 Rotation 72 lower end of feeder is located in third intermediate pool 53, and the first of the discharge end connecting conveying pipe 67 of 72 upper end of feed screw Feed pipe 70.As shown in Figure 10, material stock cylinder 73 for storing sawdust is equipped with above the second feed pipe 71, on the second feed pipe 71 Equipped with valve.
As shown in figure 9,67 other end lower end surface of delivery pipe is equipped with the connecting tube 74 for discharging.Spiral conveyor rod 68 is worn In in delivery pipe 67 and being rotationally connected with delivery pipe 67, driving motor 69 is coaxially fixed on 68 one end of spiral conveyor rod, and drives Motor 69 is fixedly installed in delivery pipe 67.Driving motor 69 drives spiral conveyor rod 68 to rotate, and rubbish and sawdust are mixed, Moisture in rubbish is controlled 50%~65%, is then discharged from connecting tube 74.
As shown in figure 9, being equipped with distribution pipe 75 below connecting tube 74, distribution pipe 75 is arranged along 54 width direction of fermentation vat, even Adapter tube 74 is connected to 75 one end of distribution pipe.Spiral feed rod 76 is coaxially equipped in distribution pipe 75,76 one end of spiral feed rod is coaxial It is installed with connection motor 77, connection motor 77 is fixedly installed in distribution pipe 75.75 lower end of distribution pipe is connected with connection fermentation vat 54 Batching pipe 78, batching pipe 78 is arranged along the vertical direction.Batching pipe 78 is equipped with several along 75 length direction of distribution pipe, batching pipe 78 are equipped with opening/shutting valve.
As shown in figures 9 and 11, litter 79, and 54 two sides side wall edge of fermentation vat are equipped with along its width direction in fermentation vat 54 Its length direction offers sliding slot 80.79 both ends of litter are embedded in sliding slot 80, and litter 79 is sliding along 54 length direction of fermentation vat It is dynamic to be connected to fermentation vat 54.As shown in figure 11,54 both ends of fermentation vat are mounted on hoist engine 81, and the connecting rope of hoist engine 81 is fixed It is connected to litter 79.All hoist engines 81 form the driving mechanism 82 that control litter 79 is moved along 54 length direction of fermentation vat.
As shown in figure 12, the turner structure 56 for turning over cast material is installed on litter 79.Turner structure 56 includes installation Frame 83, the first rotary electric machine 85, mounted roller 86, turns over and throws plate 87 and the second rotary electric machine 88 screw rod 84.First rotary electric machine 85 is solid Dingan County is loaded on 79 one end of litter, and screw rod 84 is coaxially fixed on the output shaft of the first rotary electric machine 85.79 lower end surface of litter is along its length Degree direction offers dovetail groove 89, and sliding is embedded with limited block 90 in dovetail groove 89, and 83 upper surface of mounting rack is fixed on limited block 90.Mounting rack 83 is arranged in Contraband type, and mounting rack 83 is opening down.Screw rod 84 is threadedly connected to mounting rack 83.When the first rotation When motor 85 rotates, mounting rack 83 can be driven to slide along 79 length direction of litter by screw rod 84.
As shown in figure 12, mounted roller 86 is rotationally connected with mounting rack 83, and is located between the opening of mounting rack 83, second turn Dynamic motor 88 is coaxially fixed on mounted roller 86, and the second rotary electric machine 88 is fixedly installed in mounting rack 83.It turns over and throws plate 87 along installation Roller 86 is radial to be fixed on mounted roller 86, and is circumferentially with several along mounted roller 86.Second rotary electric machine 88 drives mounted roller 86 Rotation makes to turn over and throws plate 87 rubbish is thrown 86 other side of mounted roller from the rollover of mounted roller 86 1.
As shown in figure 11, fermentation vat 54 is communicated with guide pipe 91 back to 75 one end of distribution pipe, the L-shaped setting of guide pipe 91, And 91 lower ending opening of guide pipe is discharge port 92.The discharging mechanism 93 that material is transported to discharge port 92 is equipped in fermentation vat 54.Out Material mechanism 93 includes tilting upward the first transmission belt 94 for being used to get up material lifting of setting and being arranged in parallel to transport material Second transmission belt 95 of fermentation vat 54 out.First transmission belt, 94 both ends and 95 both ends of the second transmission belt are equipped with support roller 96, the One transmission belt 94 and the second transmission belt 95 are sheathed on outside corresponding support roller 96.As shown in figure 13, support roller 96 is rotationally connected with Fermentation vat 54,96 one end of support roller are equipped with the transmission electrical machine 97 for driving support roller 96 to rotate.Support roller 96 rotates, thus band Move corresponding first transmission belt 94 and the rotation of the second transmission belt 95.
As shown in figure 11, the first transmission belt 94 and the second transmission belt 95 are grid transmission belt.First transmission belt 94 it is upper End is located above 95 one end of the second transmission belt, and the second transmission belt 95 is located at outside fermentation vat 54 back to 94 one end of the first transmission belt.The Two conveyer belts are located at the outer one end of fermentation vat 54 and are located at 92 top of discharge port.
As shown in Figure 14 and Figure 15, discharge port 92 is equipped with the mechanism for opening/closing 98 for sealing material mouth 92.Mechanism for opening/closing 98 include the first plate 99 for being rotationally connected with guide pipe 91, be rotationally connected with the second plate 100 of the first plate 99 and for driving the The driving cylinder 101 that two plates 100 move in the horizontal direction, the second plate 100 are rotatably connected to pulley 102 back to 99 one end of the first plate. Caulking groove 103 is offered along 91 width direction of guide pipe on guide pipe 91,103 section of caulking groove is in T-type, and pulley 102 is embedded at embedding It is slidably connected in slot 103 and in the horizontal direction caulking groove 103.When the first plate 99 and the second plate 100 are in level, 99 He of the first plate The closed discharge port 92 of second plate 100.101 cylinder body of driving cylinder is rotationally connected with guide pipe 91, and 101 piston rotation of driving cylinder connects In the second plate 100, driving cylinder 101 is arranged along 91 width direction of guide pipe.
The working principle of the processing system of the rubbish from cooking is as follows:
1, bagged garbage is transported in feed tank 1, carries out the caching of bagged garbage;
2, elevator 8 promotes bagged garbage into 12 top of sack, keeps bagged garbage broken from entering into sack 12 In case, the rotation of broken bag bar 11 drives bagged garbage to move towards object out hole 18, simultaneously because broken bag bar 11 is Variable pitch screw 84, therefore Sack is pulled open in transmission process along broken bag bar 11, and rubbish is fallen, from object out hole 18 fall in deposit In case 7;
3, the rubbish that dispersion comes out is elevated machine 8 and is promoted to 20 top of feed inlet, later falls into feed inlet 20, herein mistake Permanent magnet has sucked the magnetic metal in rubbish in journey, is collected in collection magnetic case 21;
4, rubbish enters in crush box 9, by sieve 47 after organic matter material is pulverized, enters in material pond 46, Crushing when bar 32 rotates also has a centrifugal force to rubbish, and material is made faster to pass through sieve 47;
5, nondecomposable material is transferred to 9 one end of crush box under the conveying for crushing bar 32, and turns in parabolic plate 44 It is entered in material guiding tube 24 under dynamic, then the rubbish of lightweight such as plastics enter in collecting box 28, centralized recovery is carried out to it, Heavier rubbish is discharged from slag notch 30, enters in scrap collecting tank 31, completes the sorting to rubbish;
6, the pulverized good organic waste in material pond 46 is fallen into the first intermediate pool 49, defeated by feed screw 72 It is sent to the feed end of dewaterer 3, organic solid rubbish is fallen in third intermediate pool 53, and organic liquid rubbish falls on the second intermediate pool In 52;
Liquid refuse in second intermediate pool 52 is entered by extraction pipe 50 carries out oil liquid separation in oil-liquid separator 5;
Solid refuse in third intermediate pool 53 is transported to 92 top of the first discharge port by feed screw 72;
7, sawdust and rubbish enter delivery pipe 67 from the first discharge port 92 and the second discharge port 92 simultaneously, in delivery pipe 67 It is mixed by spiral conveyor rod 68 in conveying, until discharging to connecting tube 74, the moisture content in rubbish is reduced to 50% by sawdust ~65%;
8, enter in distribution pipe 75 from the rubbish that connecting tube 74 discharges, open the valve in first batching pipe 78, make rubbish Rubbish is fed in fermentation vat 54 by first batching pipe 78, until the rubbish at this piles with, is closed in first batching pipe 78 Valve, then open the valve in next batching pipe 78, continue to discharge, so pass sequentially through each batching pipe 78 and be fed to Fermentation vat 54 is everywhere;
9, turner structure 56 turns over the rubbish thrown and entered in fermentation vat 54 by first batching pipe 78 simultaneously, daily by rubbish Phase front promotes 2m, slides turner structure 56 on litter 79, successively turns over and throws the corresponding feed waste of all batching pipes 78;At this time Air after being heated is passed through in fermentation vat 54 by oxygen supplying tube 58, it is ensured that oxygen content is maintained at 16% or more in fermentation vat 54;Rubbish Rubbish gradually aerobic fermentation at organic matter;
10, after rubbish is sufficiently fermented into organic matter, organic matter is promoted to the second transmission belt 95 by the first transmission belt 94 Top, and fallen in the second transmission belt 95 from the first transmission belt 94, organic matter is transported discharge port by the second transmission belt 95 92 tops, make organic matter discharge from discharge port 92;Organic matter can be used for the production of fertilizer and other items;
11, when that need to discharge, it is arranged between the first plate 99 and the second plate 100 in angle, discharge port 92 is in open state;When When being not required to discharging, driving cylinder 101 drives the second plate 100 to move towards back to 99 side of the first plate, and pulley 102 is in caulking groove at this time Sliding in 103, the second plate 100 are rotated relative to the first plate 99 and pulley 102, and the first plate 99 is oppositely oriented the rotation of pipe 91, until the Two plates 100 discharge port 92 parallel and closed with the first plate 99;
12, fermentation vat 54 is discharged from exhaust pipe 63 in foul smell, successively passes through desulfuration absorbing tower 64, denitration absorption tower 65 and UV light Deduster 66 is solved, exhaust gas is handled.
Embodiment two:
The difference of embodiment two and embodiment one is: as shown in figure 16, broken bag bar 11 is screw pitch from into sack 12 to out The Variable pitch screw 84 that object mouth 18 becomes larger.Broken bag bar 11 is equipped with two and two broken bag bars 11 are parallel in the horizontal direction.
In broken bag, two broken bag bars 11 do a stretching for axial direction to sack simultaneously, and sack is pulled open, makes sack can be more Adequately by broken bag, keep rubbish more dispersed.
Embodiment three:
The difference of embodiment three and embodiment three is: as shown in figure 17, broken bag bar 11 is screw pitch from into sack 12 to out The Variable pitch screw 84 that object mouth 18 becomes larger.Broken bag bar 11 is radius from into sack 12 to the gradually smaller change of object out hole 18 simultaneously Diameter screw rod 84.
In broken bag, two broken bag bars 11 do a stretching for axial direction to sack simultaneously, and damaged bar has one along diameter sack To drawing force, make polybag that can more thoroughly be broken and come, make rubbish that can more thoroughly spread out.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention is not limited merely to above-mentioned implementation Example, all technical solutions belonged under thinking of the present invention all belong to the scope of protection of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for the art Those of ordinary skill for, several improvements and modifications without departing from the principles of the present invention, these improvements and modifications It should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking, it is characterized in that:
It successively include the feed tank (1) for gathering materials;
For sorting the sorting pulverizer (2) of organic waste and undecomposable rubbish;
For sloughing the dewaterer (3) of moisture in the organic waste that sorting pulverizer (2) sorts out;
For to the installation for fermenting (4) for carrying out aerobic fermentation by dewaterer (3) dewatered SOLID ORGANIC matter;
For separating the oil-liquid separator (5) of grease in the liquid organic matter that the machine that is dehydrated (3) is sloughed;
The elevator (8) for feeding is equipped between the feed tank (1) and sorting pulverizer (2);
Sorting pulverizer (2) includes the crush box (9) that feed inlet (20) are equipped with above one end, the crush box (9) back to Two sides are respectively equipped with out modeling mouth (27) and slag notch (30) up and down for feed inlet (20) one end, described to go out to mould mouth (27) equipped with aspiration pump (29), the crushing bar (32) equipped with Disintegrating knife (41), Disintegrating knife (41) edge are rotatably connected in the crush box (9) Helix is equipped with several, and the crush box (9) is externally provided with for driving the actuator (34) for crushing bar (32) rotation, the powder Broken case (9) lower end surface is equipped with baffle (45), the baffle (45) and crush box (9) inner cavity formation material pond (46), the material The sieve (47) of covering material pond (46) upper end is installed on pond (46), material pond (46) lower end is communicated with discharge nozzle (48), the slag notch (30) is located at baffle (45) back to feed inlet (20) side, and the crush box (9) is back to feed inlet (20) One end is communicated with material guiding tube (24), and the material guiding tube (24) is connected to crush box (9) upper end, and the material guiding tube (24) is L-shaped, described Material guiding tube (24) is connected with out modeling pipe (25) and residue outlet (26) back to crush box (9) one end, and the modeling pipe (25) out, which is located at, to be drawn Above expects pipe (24) and mouth (27) to be moulded out to manage on (25) positioned at modeling is gone out, described pipe (25) one end of moulding out is connected with collecting box (28), The residue outlet (26) is located at below material guiding tube (24) and slag notch (30) is located on slag notch (30).
2. a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the crushing bar (32) one End is radially installed with parabolic plate (44), and the projection of the parabolic plate (44) along the vertical direction is located in material guiding tube (24), institute It states parabolic plate (44) and is circumferentially with several along bar (32) are crushed.
3. a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the crushing bar (32) is carried on the back Actuator (34) one end is fed through to crush and bar (32) and is rotationally connected with crush box (9), the crushing bar (32) is back to driving Part (34) one end, which is equipped with, crushes bar (32) dynamically balanced clump weight (35) for adjusting.
4. a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: on the crushing bar (32) It is arranged with mounting ring (37), the mounting ring (37) and crushing bar (32) are equipped with for mounting ring (37) to be fixedly installed in powder Fixed mechanism (40) on broken bar (32), the mounting ring (37) are axially arranged with several along the crushing bar (32), the powder Broken blade (41) is fixed on mounting ring (37).
5. a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the fixed mechanism (40) Including being opened in the mounting blocks (38) and fixed spiral shell that crush the thread groove (36) of bar (32) outer wall, be fixedly arranged on mounting ring (37) inner wall Bar (39), thread groove (36) connection crushes bar (32) one end and standing screw (39) is threadedly connected to and crushes bar (32) and lean on The nearly mounting ring (37) for crushing bar (32) end, the mounting blocks (38) are embedded in thread groove (36) and are slidably connected to screw thread Slot (36) mutually pushes against between the mounting ring (37).
6. a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the Disintegrating knife (41) Cutter head (42) are removably connected with towards bar (32) rotation direction side is crushed.
7. a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the installation for fermenting (4) Including the fermentation vat (54) in sealed set, the material conveyor (55) for being fed into fermentation vat (54), along fermentation vat (54) length direction is slidably connected to the litter (79) of fermentation vat (54), for driving litter (79) along fermentation vat (54) length side To sliding driving mechanism (82) and be installed on litter (79) for turning over the turner structure (56) of cast material, the fermentation vat (54) bottom surface is offered in netted underdrain (57), is equipped in the underdrain (57) and to be offered oxygen outlet (59) for oxygen supply Oxygen supplying tube (58), described oxygen supplying tube (58) one end are equipped with air feed pump (60), are communicated on the fermentation vat (54) for exhaust Exhaust pipe (63), described exhaust pipe (63) one end are connected with desulfuration absorbing tower (64), denitration absorption tower (65) and UV photodissociation in turn Deduster (66).
8. a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the material conveyor (55) include delivery pipe (67), be rotationally connected with the spiral conveyor rod (68) of delivery pipe (67) and for driving spiral conveyor rod (68) driving motor (69) rotated, described delivery pipe (67) one end are equipped with for the first feed pipe (70) into sawdust and are used for Into the second feed pipe (71) of rubbish, delivery pipe (67) other end is equipped with the discharge nozzle (48) for discharging.
9. a kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the fermentation vat (54) bottom Face is equipped with the ventilation barrier layer (62) for entering oxygen supplying tube (58) for obstructing rubbish.
CN201710517124.0A 2017-06-29 2017-06-29 A kind of processing system for rubbish from cooking Active CN107282597B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110193967B (en) * 2019-06-17 2020-12-18 浙江中法农业科技发展有限公司 Device for preventing kitchen garbage from being polluted
CN110465539B (en) * 2019-08-20 2021-06-29 贵州工程应用技术学院 Automatic categorised rubbish recovery unit
CN113734657A (en) * 2020-05-29 2021-12-03 青岛海日高科技有限公司 Device for separating and treating garbage bags and garbage can
CN112661542A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-04-16 安徽昊天生物科技有限公司 Aerobic fermentation device for kitchen garbage

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CN204768979U (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-18 陶德菊 Chemical industry is with high -efficient environmental protection rubbing crusher
CN206033597U (en) * 2016-09-13 2017-03-22 浙江爱迪曼环保科技股份有限公司 Resource integrated processing system of rubbish from cooking

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CN103447288A (en) * 2013-09-25 2013-12-18 中国人民解放军总后勤部军需装备研究所 Kitchen waste pretreatment equipment and technology
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