CN207929754U - A kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system - Google Patents

A kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207929754U
CN207929754U CN201721669169.1U CN201721669169U CN207929754U CN 207929754 U CN207929754 U CN 207929754U CN 201721669169 U CN201721669169 U CN 201721669169U CN 207929754 U CN207929754 U CN 207929754U
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China
Prior art keywords
kitchen garbage
tank body
liquid separation
assembly
space
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CN201721669169.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
匡彬
江晓华
张传永
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Zhejiang Wanan Ecological Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Wanan Ecological Science And Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation systems, including sequentially connected bag-breaking machine, crusher, deepfreeze room, separating dry space from moist space extruder, waterpower wash engine;The kitchen garbage passes through bag-breaking machine broken bag, crusher in crushing successively, and being delivered in deepfreeze room to refrigerate 46 hours in a low temperature of 1~3 DEG C after the completion of broken makes amount of grease solidify, and is then delivered in separating dry space from moist space extruder and carries out extruding separating dry space from moist space;The dry material obtained after separation is transported outward and is burned, obtained slurry is delivered in waterpower wash engine and completes slurrying.The utility model can reduce the moisture content of kitchen garbage dry material, while retain lubricant component in dry material, can significantly promote the combustion heat value of dry material, be obviously improved the economic benefit of waste incineration, can be widely applied to kitchen garbage process field.

Description

A kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system
Technical field
The utility model is related to field of garbage disposal, more particularly, to a kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system.
Background technology
Kitchen garbage is the waste that resident is formed during personal consumption, is easily rotted, and stench is distributed, and is propagated Bacterium and virus.A large amount of organic matter is rich in kitchen garbage, ingredient is mainly protein, grease, carbohydrate etc., while also being contained A large amount of salts and metal object etc. can not only produce when using traditional garbage incineration technology and simple landfill disposal food and drink solid waste The toxic and harmful gas such as sulphidisation, bioxin, and because the landfill leachate that landfill generates can make soil deterioration lead to salt Alkalization.Kitchen garbage processing technology is mainly set about in terms of the recycling of kitchen garbage and harmless treatment at present.Wherein, The step of most critical is how to segment kitchen garbage, realizes separating dry space from moist space, realizes and efficiently quickly rationally utilizes.Such as Chinese patent Application number 201610225319.3 discloses a kind of equipment for separating liquid from solid of rubbish from cooking, including drive shaft, reinforcing plate, leakage cylinder, Helical blade, drainage chamber.It leaks cylinder and is mounted on drainage intracavitary portion, fixed on the driving shaft by four pieces of reinforcing plates;Helical blade is pacified On leakage cylinder;Power is passed to by drive shaft, by reinforcing plate, drives helical blade, leakage cylinder rotation.Rubbish from cooking is separated by solid-liquid separation The device pretreating device important as garbage disposer, its main function are the separation of solid and liquid for realizing rubbish from cooking, final dry Material transports outward incineration disposal, and so under high-pressure extrusion, water especially grease can expect to detach admittedly together, so lessen dry material Middle fat content leads to the reduction of its combustion heat value.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system, solves existing kitchen garbage dry and wet point From grease in the process with dry material excessive separation, the low problem of dry material combustion heat value.
Technical solution adopted by the utility model to solve its technical problems is:A kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system, Including sequentially connected bag-breaking machine, crusher, deepfreeze room, separating dry space from moist space extruder, waterpower wash engine;The kitchen garbage It is delivered to crusher after bag-breaking machine broken bag to be crushed, be delivered in deepfreeze room in 1~3 DEG C of low temperature after the completion of broken Lower refrigeration makes amount of grease solidify in 4-6 hours, is then delivered in separating dry space from moist space extruder and carries out extruding separating dry space from moist space;It will separation The dry material outward transport obtained afterwards is burned, and obtained organic wet slurry is delivered to waterpower wash engine removal heavy gravel and lightweight is floated Slag completes slurrying.
To realize the separation of organic ink, heavy impurity and lightweight dross in organic wet slurry, the waterpower wash engine packet Tank body is included, slurry import and water inlet are provided at the top of the tank body, the bottom of tank body is provided with the collection portion of taper, collects The bottom in portion is connected with blow-off pipe, and the other end of blow-off pipe is connected with sand setting discharger;Connection is set on the side wall of the tank body It is equipped with discharge pipe, stirring breaker is additionally provided in the tank body, the stirring breaker includes agitating shaft and setting One end of spiral crushing blade on agitating shaft, the agitating shaft is connected with the second driving motor.
Further, the discharge pipe along liquid level direction setting there are three, include positioned at the first of tank body top Discharge pipe, the second discharge pipe in the middle part of tank body and the third discharge pipe in collection portion, be additionally provided with The conveying pipeline of discharge pipe connection is provided with control valve on second discharge pipe and third discharge pipe;It is described heavy Sand discharger includes the transfer passage of bottom lock, the feeding screw being arranged in transfer passage and the first driving electricity Machine.
Further, the conveying pipeline, which is sequentially connected with, is provided with grid and hydraulic screen;The sand setting discharger is matched Set is provided with grit water separator, and the solid impurity outward transport that the grid, hydraulic screen and grit water separator are sub-elected is burned, described Through grid, hydraulic screen and grit water separator, treated that organic ink pumps to the processing of anaerobism process.
To improve the efficiency of separating dry space from moist space, the separating dry space from moist space extruder includes feeding assembly of cutting somebody's hair, charging box assembly, squeezing Pressure and discharge assembly, main extruding guiding assemblage, backward extrusion guiding assemblage, the main extruding guiding assemblage, squeeze charging box assembly And discharge assembly, backward extrusion guiding assemblage are located on same level axis, are sequentially connected;It is described to feed cut somebody's hair assembly and material feeding box Assembly is connected and is vertically arranged with above-mentioned horizontal axis, and feeds both assembly and charging box assembly cooperation stroke cylinder of cutting somebody's hair The spacer of shape, spacer side wall are provided with sieve pore, and the extruding and discharge assembly include screen drum and discharge mechanism.
Preferably, the crusher includes two rotation axis arranged side by side, and multigroup blade is provided in rotation axis.
To improve the rate of recovery of the substances such as plastics and metal in kitchen garbage, transfer passage between the bag-breaking machine and crusher On set gradually concentration equipment and artificial sort room.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:The utility model before separating dry space from moist space squeezes by being arranged deepfreeze room to meal Kitchen rubbish carries out freezing processing, so that amount of grease is solidified, especially animal fat, amount of grease will when dry and wet squeezes in this way It is trapped in material extrusion process in the filtration channel of storeroom, subsequently with burning is transported outward in dry material, is so dropping Also the combustion heat value of dry material is greatly improved while low material water ratio, to be integrally improved in Refuse Incineration Process Economic benefit forms a large amount of percolate and secondary environmental pollution during avoiding rubbish from stopping stockpiling.The process passes through steady The time is controllable for pressure, the adjustable separating dry space from moist space extruder of squeeze pressure can realize that moisture is retained with the separation of material in material Grease, simple in structure, easy to operate, good separating effect.After the waterpower wash engine further detaches separating dry space from moist space extruder Organic wet slurry realize heavy gravel, lightweight dross and organic ink separation, complete pulping process, be follow-up anaerobic fermentation Process offer solid content is stable, the content of organic matter is high, grain diameter small (≤10mm) high-quality material.It the magnetic separation and manually picks It selects process that the recycling of the useful components such as plastics in kitchen garbage, metal can be improved, increases the economic benefit of the set system.
Below with reference to drawings and examples, the utility model is described in detail.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the system block diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of crusher in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram of separating dry space from moist space extruder in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of separating dry space from moist space extruder in the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the front view of waterpower wash engine in the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the dimensional structure diagram of waterpower wash engine in the utility model.
The dimensional structure diagram of feeding screw in the utility model waterpower wash engine of the positions Fig. 7.
Specific implementation mode
Embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, a kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system, including it is sequentially connected bag-breaking machine 1, broken Machine 2, deepfreeze room 3, separating dry space from moist space extruder 4, waterpower wash engine 5;It is delivered to after 1 broken bag of kitchen waste bag-breaking machine Crusher 2 is crushed, and the crusher 3 includes two rotation axis 201 being arranged side by side, and is provided in rotation axis 201 multigroup Blade 202, as shown in Figure 2.Being delivered to refrigerate 4-6 hours in a low temperature of 1~3 DEG C in deepfreeze room 3 after the completion of broken makes Amount of grease solidifies, and is then delivered in separating dry space from moist space extruder 4 and carries out extruding separating dry space from moist space.As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, described dry Hygroscopic water cuts somebody's hair assembly 401, charging box assembly 402, extruding and discharge assembly 403, main extruding guiding always from extruder 4 including charging At 404, backward extrusion guiding assemblage 405, the main extruding guiding assemblage 404, charging box assembly 402, extruding and discharge assembly 403, backward extrusion guiding assemblage 405 is located on same level axis, is sequentially connected;It is described to feed cut somebody's hair assembly 401 and material feeding box Assembly 402 is connected and is vertically arranged with above-mentioned horizontal axis, and is fed cut somebody's hair both assembly 401 and charging box assembly 402 and matched The columnar spacer of stroke is closed, spacer side wall is provided with sieve pore, and the extruding and discharge assembly include screen drum 431 and discharge Mechanism 432.Setting deepfreeze room carries out freezing processing to kitchen garbage before separating dry space from moist space squeezes, and amount of grease is made to solidify, Especially animal fat, when dry and wet squeezes, amount of grease will be trapped within the filtering of storeroom in material extrusion process in this way In channel, subsequently with burning is transported outward in dry material, so dry is also greatly improved while reducing material water ratio The combustion heat value of material avoids rubbish from stopping shape during stockpiling to be integrally improved the economic benefit in Refuse Incineration Process At a large amount of percolate and secondary environmental pollution.Concentration equipment 11 and people are disposed between the bag-breaking machine 1 and crusher 2 Work sorts the recycling that the useful components such as plastics, metal in kitchen garbage are improved in room 12, increases the economic effect of the set system Benefit.
By the dry material obtained after separation transport outward burn, by obtained organic wet slurry be delivered in waterpower wash engine 5 into One step realizes that heavy gravel, lightweight dross with the separation of organic ink, are completed pulping process, provided for follow-up anaerobic fermentation process Solid content is stable, the content of organic matter is high, grain diameter small (≤10mm) high-quality material.Specifically, as shown in Figs. 5 to 7, it is described Waterpower wash engine 5 includes tank body 501, and the top of the tank body 501 is provided with slurry import 502 and water inlet 503, tank body 501 Bottom be provided with the collection portion 504 of taper, the bottom of collection portion 504 is connected with blow-off pipe 505, the other end of blow-off pipe 505 It is connected with sand setting discharger 506;Discharge pipe 507 is provided with and communicated on the side wall of the tank body 501, in the tank body 501 It is additionally provided with stirring breaker 508, the stirring breaker 508 includes agitating shaft 581 and is arranged on agitating shaft 581 One end of spiral crushing blade 582, the agitating shaft 581 is connected with the second driving motor 583.
The discharge pipe 507 along liquid level direction be arranged there are three, include positioned at 501 top of tank body first discharging Pipeline 571, the second discharge pipe 572 positioned at 501 middle part of tank body and the third discharge pipe in collection portion 504 573, it is additionally provided with the conveying pipeline 509 being connect with the discharge pipe 507, second discharge pipe 572 and third discharge nozzle Control valve 574 is provided on road 573;The sand setting discharger 506 includes the transfer passage 561 of bottom lock, is arranged defeated Send the feeding screw 562 and the first driving motor 563 in channel 561.The conveying pipeline 509, which is sequentially connected with, is provided with grid 8 and hydraulic screen 9;The sand setting discharger 506 is mating to be provided with grit water separator 10, the grid 8, hydraulic screen 9 and Sha Shui The outward transport of solid impurity that separator 10 sub-elects is burned, and described through grid 8, hydraulic screen 9 and grit water separator 10, treated has Machine mashing pump to anaerobism process is handled.To complete the separation of solid and liquid of entire kitchen garbage.
The above is the structure and feature of patent of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, under the premise of not departing from the technical solution principle of patent of the present invention, moreover it is possible to the improvement of several non-intrinsically safes is made, Above-mentioned specific implementation mode can be combined, these are not detached from the improvement of art solutions principle of the present invention and group Close the protection domain that also should be regarded as patent of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system, it is characterised in that:Including sequentially connected bag-breaking machine (1), crusher (2), Deepfreeze room (3), separating dry space from moist space extruder (4), waterpower wash engine (5);
The separating dry space from moist space extruder (4) includes feeding assembly (401) of cutting somebody's hair, charging box assembly (402), extruding and discharge assembly (403), main extruding guiding assemblage (404), backward extrusion guiding assemblage (405), the main extruding guiding assemblage (404), material feeding box Assembly (402), extruding and discharge assembly (403), backward extrusion guiding assemblage (405) are located on same level axis, are sequentially connected; The assembly (401) of cutting somebody's hair that feeds connect with charging box assembly (402) and is vertically arranged with above-mentioned horizontal axis, and charging pushes away Both head assembly (401) and charging box assembly (402) the cooperation columnar spacer of stroke, spacer side wall are provided with sieve pore, The extruding and discharge assembly include screen drum (431) and discharge mechanism (432).
2. kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The waterpower wash engine (5) includes Tank body (501) is provided with slurry import (502) and water inlet (503), the bottom of tank body (501) at the top of the tank body (501) It is provided with the collection portion (504) of taper, the bottom of collection portion (504) is connected with blow-off pipe (505), and blow-off pipe (505) configuration is heavy Sand discharger (506);Discharge pipe (507) is provided with and communicated on the side wall of the tank body (501), the tank body (501) is interior It is additionally provided with stirring breaker (508), the stirring breaker (508) includes agitating shaft (581) and is arranged in agitating shaft (581) one end of the spiral crushing blade (582) on, the agitating shaft (581) is connected with the second driving motor (583).
3. kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The discharge pipe (507) is along height It spends there are three the settings of direction, including is located at first discharge pipe (571) on tank body (501) top, is located in the middle part of tank body (501) Second discharge pipe (572) and the third discharge pipe (573) in collection portion (504), are additionally provided with and the discharging The conveying pipeline (509) of pipeline (507) connection, is provided with control on second discharge pipe (572) and third discharge pipe (573) Valve (574) processed;The sand setting discharger (506) includes the conveyance conduit (561) of bottom lock, is arranged in conveyance conduit (561) feeding screw (562) in and the first driving motor (563).
4. kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The conveying pipeline (509) sequentially connects It connects and is provided with grid (8) and hydraulic screen (9);The discharge port of the sand setting discharger (506) is connected with grit water separator (10), the impurity outward transport of the grid (8), hydraulic screen (9) and grit water separator (10) is burned, described through grid (8), hydraulic screen (9) and grit water separator (10) treated that organic wet slurry pumps to the processing of anaerobism process.
5. kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The crusher (2) includes side by side Two rotation axis (201) being arranged are provided with multigroup blade (202) in rotation axis (201).
6. kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bag-breaking machine (1) and crusher (2) concentration equipment (11) and manually sorting room (12) successively between.
CN201721669169.1U 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 A kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system Active CN207929754U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721669169.1U CN207929754U (en) 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 A kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721669169.1U CN207929754U (en) 2017-12-05 2017-12-05 A kind of kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207929754U true CN207929754U (en) 2018-10-02

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110589314A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-20 浙江青草地环境科技有限公司 Community kitchen waste on-site treatment system
CN112222166A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-01-15 烟台工程职业技术学院(烟台市技师学院) Kitchen waste collecting and processing device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110589314A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-20 浙江青草地环境科技有限公司 Community kitchen waste on-site treatment system
CN112222166A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-01-15 烟台工程职业技术学院(烟台市技师学院) Kitchen waste collecting and processing device
CN112222166B (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-03-26 烟台工程职业技术学院(烟台市技师学院) Kitchen waste collecting and processing device

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