CN203556574U - Vertical sorting device for urban household garbage - Google Patents

Vertical sorting device for urban household garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203556574U
CN203556574U CN201320652299.XU CN201320652299U CN203556574U CN 203556574 U CN203556574 U CN 203556574U CN 201320652299 U CN201320652299 U CN 201320652299U CN 203556574 U CN203556574 U CN 203556574U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotary screen
hopper
garbage
casing
sorting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320652299.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郝东生
闫洪滨
王玉利
王广生
付强
王秀月
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN201320652299.XU priority Critical patent/CN203556574U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203556574U publication Critical patent/CN203556574U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a vertical sorting device for urban household garbage, and belongs to the field of environmental protection equipment. According to the device, a garbage conveyor conveys garbage into a hopper, and the lower part of the hopper is connected with a tank in a sealing and fixing manner; at least two stages of rotary screens which are arranged at intervals and driven by mechanical power are arranged in the tank, the hopper is communicated with a first stage of a rotary screen, and rotary sealing devices are arranged at feed inlets of the rotary screens; discharge outlets are correspondingly formed in the lower part of the tank, a belt conveyor is arranged below the discharge outlets, and a magnetic sorting device is arranged above the belt conveyor; a gravity sorting device adopts a conveyor whose inclined angle and rotating speed can be adjusted; an air supply device is connected onto a feed inlet in the front end of the tank, an air suction device is connected at the tail end of the tank, a dust cover is arranged between the air suction device and the tank; and an air return pipeline is arranged between the air suction device and the hopper. The device is used for sorting urban household garbage and can effectively improve the garbage sorting efficiency, the garbage sorting quality and the garbage sorting environment.

Description

The vertical sorting unit of a kind of application of city life garbage
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of garbage sorting device, and particularly a kind of application of city life garbage sorting unit, belongs to environmental protection equipment technical field.
Background technology
Application of city life garbage is classified, and is the important component part of application of city life garbage integrated treatment.The application of city life garbage of China is composting, application of city life garbage character and feature are subject to the impact of the factors such as resident living level, energy resource structure, seasonal variations, make waste component there is complexity, wherein also sneak into a small amount of building waste (brick and tile stone), glass, pottery, dregs, metal, disposable plastic bag etc.; Mostly resident's application of city life garbage is with putting into garbage collection points after plastic bag packaging again, therefore before application of city life garbage is classified, also needs to process.The method that domestic most employing vibratory sieve sorting at present and artificial separation combine, the efficiency of separation is low, and workman's operating environment is poor, affects further integrated treatment.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is the problem such as existing sorting consumer waste is time-consuming, effort, poor working environment for overcoming, and provides a kind of application of city life garbage vertical sorting unit.
For realizing the purpose of this utility model, the vertical sorting unit of a kind of application of city life garbage, comprise garbage conveyor, garbage conveyor is transported to rubbish in hopper, casing is sealedly and fixedly connected below hopper, in casing, arrange and include at least spaced rotary screen being driven by machine power of two-stage, hopper is communicated with first order rotary screen, rotary screen charging aperture is provided with rotary sealing appts, lower box is arranged with machine thing discharging opening corresponding to first order rotary screen, lower box is corresponding to dust discharging opening is set under the rotary screen of the second level, lower box after first order rotary screen is provided with brick and tile discharging opening, gravity separation device is arranged under brick and tile discharging opening, at each discharging opening, be arranged with belt feeder, belt feeder top is provided with magnetic force sorting device, described gravity separation device is the conveyer of adjustable inclination angle and rotating speed, on the charging aperture of casing front end, be connected with air-supply arrangement, casing end is connected with extractor fan, between extractor fan and casing, be provided with dust excluding hood, extractor fan is provided with air return pipeline between feed hopper, between described hopper and cylinder, be provided with feeding tube, described rotary screen arranges two-stage, the axis of two-stage rotary screen point-blank, during installation, the axis of rotary screen is downward-sloping from front to back, the sieve diameter of described two-stage rotary screen is respectively: first order sieve diameter is 58-62mm, second level sieve diameter is 28-32mm, on two described rotary screens, be provided with purging device, described air-supply arrangement is: at casing front end, be provided with pressure fan, pressure fan is communicated to feeding tube by sending to be in charge of, in ajutage, be provided with water-distributing device.
The useful technique effect of the vertical sorting unit of a kind of application of city life garbage provided by the utility model is: the utility model is simple in structure, need not artificial separation during use, improved operating efficiency, the setting of pressure fan and exhaust column is convenient to rubbish to carry out selection by winnowing, gravity separation device is convenient to building waste (brick and tile stone) and combustible to separate, magnetic separating is partly convenient to metal to sort out, trommelling is partly convenient to organic matter to sort out, the setting of water-locator part is convenient to, when material is comparatively dry, material is carried out to damping processing, reduce the dust in assorting room, improved the efficiency of separation of paper and plastics simultaneously.Specifically, water-locator makes in material to increase because of water suction weight compared with light stationery article, simultaneously in material compared with light polybag etc. because of the changes in weight that do not absorb water little, and then when selection by winnowing, make stationery article drop on nearer place because of heavier, make polybag etc. drop on the latter end of sorting casing simultaneously, the setting of sweeper, be convenient to clear up at any time screen drum attachment and earth etc., the timely cleaning of sieve aperture, contribute to improve screening efficiency, the setting of dust excluding hood is convenient to the gas in sorting casing to discharge after dedusting, the setting of air exhauster is convenient to keep negative pressure state in sorting casing, dust and peculiar smell in sorting casing can outwards not distributed, the air outlet of air exhauster is communicated with material bin sealing by backwind tube, so just at casing, discharge pipe, dust excluding hood, air exhauster, backwind tube, between material bin, formed circulated air, there is following benefit: need not process the smell being caused by effluent air in casing and pollute, circulated air recycles, and has played energy-saving and cost-reducing effect, circulated air is when blowing into hopper, its wind-force can impel material more promptly to carry downwards, adopt two-stage rotary screen, reasonably combination, be convenient to organic matter, separating plastic out, controlled the diffusion of dust peculiar smell simultaneously, also be conducive to improve the efficiency of separation, magnetic separating partly comprises tramp iron separator, can effectively metalliferous material be separated, gravity separation comprises the slope conveyor of angle adjustable and running speed, after combustible (bamboo wood etc.) and the brick and tile stone of sneaking into are fallen on slope conveyor, can building waste (brick and tile stone) and combustible (bamboo wood etc.) be separated by adjusting angle and the speed of slope conveyor, specifically arranging of output section is simple and convenient, be convenient to the mass transport discharging after sorting, this device magnetic force sorting device is arranged on outside seal case, magnetic force sorting device adopts tramp iron separator to be set directly at the top of sorting belt conveyer, can effectively reduce the volume of seal case, strengthen the de-ferrous effect in rubbish, gravity separation device is arranged under discharging opening, also can effectively reduce the volume of casing, reduced the parts in seal case quantity has been installed, be convenient to the normal operation of box house part, reduce the maintenance of equipment in casing, reduced the probability of device fails, in this device, between casing and its connector, sealing device is all set, each discharging opening can arrange discharging valve plate, adjustment by exhausting and air output makes to keep in casing negative pressure, make the pernicious gas in rubbish be difficult for diffusion, refuse classification and processing environment have effectively been improved, this application of installation divides to choose in application of city life garbage and can effectively improve refuse classification efficiency, improve refuse classification quality, improve refuse classification environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
In order better to understand and to implement the technical solution of the utility model, at this, provide embodiment more of the present utility model, these embodiments, in order better to explain technical scheme described in the utility model, do not form any form restriction of the present utility model.
The vertical sorting unit of a kind of application of city life garbage, comprise garbage conveyor, garbage conveyor is transported to rubbish in hopper, casing is sealedly and fixedly connected below hopper, in casing, arrange and include at least spaced rotary screen being driven by machine power of two-stage, hopper is communicated with first order rotary screen, rotary screen charging aperture is provided with rotary sealing appts, lower box is arranged with machine thing discharging opening corresponding to first order rotary screen, lower box is corresponding to dust discharging opening is set under the rotary screen of the second level, lower box after first order rotary screen is provided with brick and tile discharging opening, gravity separation device is arranged under brick and tile discharging opening, at each discharging opening, be arranged with belt feeder, belt feeder top is provided with magnetic force sorting device, described gravity separation device is the conveyer of adjustable inclination angle and rotating speed, on the charging aperture of casing front end, be connected with air-supply arrangement, casing end is connected with extractor fan, between extractor fan and casing, be provided with dust excluding hood, extractor fan is provided with air return pipeline between feed hopper, between described hopper and cylinder, be provided with feeding tube, described rotary screen arranges two-stage, the axis of two-stage rotary screen point-blank, during installation, the axis of rotary screen is downward-sloping from front to back, the sieve diameter of described two-stage rotary screen is respectively: first order sieve diameter is 58-62mm, second level sieve diameter is 28-32mm, on two described rotary screens, be provided with purging device, described air-supply arrangement is: at casing front end, be provided with pressure fan, pressure fan is communicated to feeding tube by sending to be in charge of, in ajutage, be provided with water-distributing device.
More specifically embodiment as shown in Figure 1: application of city life garbage vertical hot air screening device of the present utility model comprises charging carrier bar garbage conveyor 1, garbage conveyor 1 will be sent into hopper 2 after material, sealing between the outward flange of hopper 2 and casing 20, hopper is connected with feeding tube 17 2 times, the discharging opening of feeding tube 17 is connected with the entrance of first order rotary screen 3, porch at first order rotary screen adopts rotatory sealing, because the negative pressure of casing 20 inside is less demanding, adopt the rubber slab of rotation can realize rotary dynamic seal, also can adopt other known rotatory sealing form, in sorting casing, to having a down dip, be provided with the first order rotary screen 3 of space, second level rotary screen 4, first order rotary screen is arranged with machine thing discharging opening 7, second level rotary screen is arranged with dust discharging opening 9, between first order rotary screen 3 and second level rotary screen, bottom is provided with brick and tile discharging opening 8, brick and tile discharging opening 8 is arranged with gravity separation device, described gravity separation device is the adjustable slope conveyor 13 of angle of inclination and rotary speed, end bottom at casing 20 is provided with plastics discharging opening 10, belt feeder 21 is positioned at the below of each discharging opening, tramp iron separator 19 is arranged on the top of belt feeder transmission direction end, on the charging aperture of casing 20 front ends, be connected with air-supply arrangement, air-supply arrangement is pressure fan 5, pressure fan 5 is connected in feeding tube 17 by ajutage 18, in ajutage 18, be provided with water-locator 15, casing end is connected with extractor fan, extractor fan is air exhauster 11, between air exhauster and casing, be provided with dust excluding hood 14, air exhauster 11 is provided with air return pipeline 12 between hopper 2, during installation, the axis of two-stage rotary screen is downward-sloping from front to back, the sieve diameter of described two-stage rotary screen is respectively: first order sieve diameter is 58-62mm, second level sieve diameter is 28-32mm, on two described rotary screens, be provided with purging device, in figure, 16 is purging device a on first order rotary screen, 6 is the purging device b on the rotary screen of the second level, two purging devices all can be set to rotate purging device, purging device can be realized purging by being communicated with pressure-air.The course of work of the present utility model is: first open each system equipment, adjust the air quantity of pressure fan 5 and air exhauster 11, controlling in sorting casing 20 is negative pressure, according to the moisture of pan feeding material, control the injection flow rate of water-locator part, according to the number that enters material, adjust the rotating speed of combination roll sieve, according to the number of plastics materials in rear end screen drum 4 (being mainly disposable plastic bag), adjust the rotating speed of rear end screen drum 4, material enters hopper 2 by charging chain scraper conveyor 1 downwards under the effect of gravity and circulation wind-force, through slipping hopper 17, enter first order trommelling, when material slips hopper 17 in process, if material is drier, 15 pairs of materials of water-locator carry out damping, to increase the moisture of material, reduce the dust in assorting room, and the stationery in damping material, stationery material weight after damping increases, and the water suction of disposable plastic bag in material is few, changes in weight is little, when pneumatic separation, be that the circulated air that pressure fan 5 air-supplies and air exhauster 11 form promotes material jointly, carry out pneumatic separation, heavy paper is fallen nearby, light plastics materials is fallen at a distance, be conducive to paper and plastics materials (as disposable plastic bag) to separate, during material process first order rotary screen, organic matter in material is discharged by organic matter discharging opening 7, combustible (bamboo wood etc.) and the brick and tile stone of sneaking into are fallen slope conveyor 13 from discharging opening 8 after by front end screen drum, angle and speed by adjustment slope conveyor 13 are (as wooden in bamboo building waste (as brick and tile stone) and combustible, after the water suction of stationery material, weight increase has been sneaked in combustible) separately, under the air-supply of pressure fan 5 and the circulation wind action of air exhauster 11 formation, plastics materials and dust are blown in second level rotary screen 4, plastics materials is discharged by plastics discharging opening 10 under the effect of wind-force, a small amount of dust of wherein sneaking into is after 4 screenings of second level rotary screen, dust is discharged by dust discharging opening 9, dust outlet 9 times, under each sorting material outlet, belt feeder 21 is set, through belt feeder 21, transport out, belt feeder 21 tops arrange tramp iron separator 19, the material sub-electing is carried out to deironing, the air-flow at casing 20 rear portions is through dust excluding hood 14, air exhauster 11, airduct 12, blow to material bin 2 places, through slipping hopper 17, form circulated air, circulated air is conducive to material and flows downward, the air-flow of last and blast pipe 18 converges slipping hopper 17 places, circulated air is recycled again, by adjusting pressure fan 5, the air door of air exhauster 11 and variable-frequency speed-regulating controller, keep in sorting casing 20 in negative pressure state, controlled the excessive of smell and dust, protected production environment.
After describing above various specific embodiment of the present utility model in detail, those of ordinary skill in the art should be well understood to, various common practise according to this area, according to thinking of the present utility model, can carry out various equivalent variations, be equal to and replace or simply revise, these all should belong to the scope of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. the vertical sorting unit of application of city life garbage, comprise garbage conveyor, it is characterized in that: garbage conveyor is transported to rubbish in hopper, casing is sealedly and fixedly connected below hopper, in casing, arrange and include at least spaced rotary screen being driven by machine power of two-stage, hopper is communicated with first order rotary screen, rotary screen charging aperture is provided with rotary sealing appts, lower box is arranged with machine thing discharging opening corresponding to first order rotary screen, lower box is corresponding to dust discharging opening is set under the rotary screen of the second level, lower box after first order rotary screen is provided with brick and tile discharging opening, gravity separation device is arranged under brick and tile discharging opening, at each discharging opening, be arranged with belt feeder, belt feeder top is provided with magnetic force sorting device, described gravity separation device is the conveyer of adjustable inclination angle and rotating speed, on the charging aperture of casing front end, be connected with air-supply arrangement, casing end is connected with extractor fan, between extractor fan and casing, be provided with dust excluding hood, extractor fan is provided with air return pipeline between feed hopper.
2. the vertical sorting unit of a kind of application of city life garbage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: between described hopper and cylinder, be provided with feeding tube.
3. the vertical sorting unit of a kind of application of city life garbage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rotary screen arranges two-stage, and point-blank, during installation, the axis of rotary screen is downward-sloping from front to back for the axis of two-stage rotary screen.
4. the vertical sorting unit of a kind of application of city life garbage according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the sieve diameter of described two-stage rotary screen is respectively: first order sieve diameter is 58-62mm, and second level sieve diameter is 28-32mm.
5. the vertical sorting unit of a kind of application of city life garbage according to claim 3, is characterized in that: on two described rotary screens, be provided with purging device.
6. the vertical sorting unit of a kind of application of city life garbage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described air-supply arrangement is: at casing front end, be provided with pressure fan, pressure fan is communicated to feeding tube by sending to be in charge of, and is provided with water-distributing device in ajutage.
CN201320652299.XU 2013-10-23 2013-10-23 Vertical sorting device for urban household garbage Expired - Fee Related CN203556574U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320652299.XU CN203556574U (en) 2013-10-23 2013-10-23 Vertical sorting device for urban household garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320652299.XU CN203556574U (en) 2013-10-23 2013-10-23 Vertical sorting device for urban household garbage

Publications (1)

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CN203556574U true CN203556574U (en) 2014-04-23

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105642550A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-06-08 普利资环境科技(苏州)有限公司 Sorting output equipment for gravels
CN106006037A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-12 无锡派乐科技有限公司 Pipeline capable of cleaning magnetic garbage
CN106044044A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-10-26 无锡派乐科技有限公司 Material conveying channel
CN106622968A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-05-10 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Special plastic removing and rubbing production line for manufacturing fertilizer through greenhouse vegetable straws and plastic removing and rubbing method
CN108580515A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-09-28 李君� A kind of waste recycling treatment device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105642550A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-06-08 普利资环境科技(苏州)有限公司 Sorting output equipment for gravels
CN106044044A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-10-26 无锡派乐科技有限公司 Material conveying channel
CN106006037A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-12 无锡派乐科技有限公司 Pipeline capable of cleaning magnetic garbage
CN106622968A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-05-10 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Special plastic removing and rubbing production line for manufacturing fertilizer through greenhouse vegetable straws and plastic removing and rubbing method
CN108580515A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-09-28 李君� A kind of waste recycling treatment device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140423

Termination date: 20141023

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model