CN101912844A - Domestic waste winnowing method and winnowing device - Google Patents

Domestic waste winnowing method and winnowing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101912844A
CN101912844A CN2010102192493A CN201010219249A CN101912844A CN 101912844 A CN101912844 A CN 101912844A CN 2010102192493 A CN2010102192493 A CN 2010102192493A CN 201010219249 A CN201010219249 A CN 201010219249A CN 101912844 A CN101912844 A CN 101912844A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
winnowing
light components
chamber
sorting
domestic waste
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2010102192493A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高洪斌
周文明
赵永亮
张静静
高峻
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DALIAN JOYUM HEAVY INDUSTRIES Ltd
Original Assignee
DALIAN JOYUM HEAVY INDUSTRIES Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by DALIAN JOYUM HEAVY INDUSTRIES Ltd filed Critical DALIAN JOYUM HEAVY INDUSTRIES Ltd
Priority to CN2010102192493A priority Critical patent/CN101912844A/en
Publication of CN101912844A publication Critical patent/CN101912844A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a domestic waste winnowing method and a winnowing device, and the device is constituted by connecting a feeding machine, a horizontal winnowing chamber and a blower for primary separation, a hopper, a light-weight component vertical winnowing chamber and the blower, and a middle and heavy-weight component vertical winnowing chamber and the blower through pipelines. The domestic waste winnowing method and the winnowing device are adopted for domestic waste winnowing through the combination of horizontal and vertical air flow ways, thereby dividing domestic waste into five grades, having uniform particular size and a small amount of dust, effectively controlling winnowed particles and meeting different requirements; a deduster can effectively recover the dust which emerges when separating the domestic waste and prevent the pollution; and the vertical winnowing chambers and the blowers can be stopped and opened independently, and be switched on three-stage winnowing to five-stage winnowing, thereby meeting the separation of the domestic waste in different types.

Description

Domestic waste winnowing method and pneumatic separator thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the comprehensive utilization and the prevention and cure of pollution field of house refuse, relate to a kind of raising house refuse refinement stage division and classifying equipoment thereof specifically.
Background technology
The present invention relates to domestic waste winnowing method and pneumatic separator thereof.Solid waste comprises house refuse, agricultural wastes and industrial residue.Its number of house refuse and composition are relevant with resident's living standard, custom, waste and old material recycling degree, urban construction situation etc.In the face of the requirement of handling for solid waste " resource, minimizing, innoxious " is gone up by society, corresponding house refuse classification processing requirements is also more and more higher.Diversification along with life and production, the particle characteristic of house refuse comprise that size, shape, moisture content etc. are complicated all the more, and organic content increases, the content of light components such as stationery also significantly improves, so the selection by winnowing technology obtains application more and more widely.At present, traditional wind selection method and device are pressed the main flow direction of working air current, and pneumatic separator can be divided into two classes: horizontal gas flow winnowing machine and ascending air winnowing machine.House refuse is under the effect of air-flow, and each component is separated by density, rough heavy, the light components isolated.But basic wind selection method and pneumatic separator are only adopted in the processing for house refuse, can not satisfy the feature of complicated day by day house refuse, in the house refuse classification, has significant limitation, sorting capability is not very strong, precision is not very high, has increased the treating capacity and the intractability of subsequent technique.
Summary of the invention
Defective in view of the prior art existence, the objective of the invention is to provide a kind of domestic waste winnowing method and pneumatic separator thereof, can reach the enhancing sorting capability, increases the purpose of house refuse classification kind, make house refuse obtain refinement, reduce the treating capacity and the intractability of subsequent technique.
For achieving the above object, the technology used in the present invention solution mainly is to make the method that a kind of house refuse pneumatic separator is used for the sorting house refuse, and its equipment is to adopt pipeline to connect and compose by the horizontal selection by winnowing chamber of batcher, first sorting with air blast, hopper, the vertical selection by winnowing of light components chamber and blower fan, middle heavy component vertical selection by winnowing chamber and blower fan.
Domestic waste winnowing method and pneumatic separator thereof, it is characterized in that it comprises: travelling belt one end at batcher is installed connection horizontal selection by winnowing chamber and air blast, house refuse arrives behind the end in the dropping process by the air institute fluidisation from air blast by travelling belt, is elected as light components, middle heavy component, heavy component in the place ahead of blower fan mouth by branch.Because the buoyancy of wind and the effect of house refuse self gravitation, heavy component directly drops in the heavy component hopper, light components in the house refuse of first sorting falls into light components vertical selection by winnowing chamber and blower fan, by the secondary sorting, inferior light components is discharged from the bottom, light components is discharged from the top, carries out gas solid separation through cyclone dust collectors.Middle heavy component in the house refuse of first sorting falls into heavy component vertical selection by winnowing chamber and blower fan, and by the secondary sorting, inferior heavy component is discharged from the bottom, and middle matter component is discharged from the top, carries out gas solid separation through cyclone dust collectors.Final house refuse is elected as five grades according to particle characteristic by branch, heavy component, and inferior heavy ends, middle matter component, inferior light components, light components reclaim at five discharging openings respectively.
After adopting such scheme, compared with prior art have following beneficial effect: the house refuse that the present invention sub-elects can have Pyatyi at most.Its epigranular, dust is few, can effectively control the particle that selection by winnowing is come out, and satisfies different requirements; Deduster is set, and the dust that occurs in the time of can effectively reclaiming sorting consumer waste prevents to pollute, and vertical selection by winnowing chamber and blower fan can independently be stopped, and can choose to fresh breeze at three grades to switch, to satisfy dissimilar sorting consumer wastes.Adopting this kind domestic waste winnowing method and pneumatic separator thereof is a kind of new method and product with promotional value.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a house refuse pneumatic separation device schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
Reference numeral shown in Figure 1 is as follows: batcher 1, horizontal selection by winnowing chamber 2, air blast 3, hopper 4, first blower fan 5,7, the second vertical selection by winnowing chamber 8, first cyclone dust collectors, 6, the first vertical selection by winnowing chamber, second cyclone dust collectors 9, second blower fan 10.
In the house refuse pneumatic separation device schematic diagram shown in Figure 1, its primary structure comprises: batcher 1, first horizontal selection by winnowing chamber 2 and the air blast of selecting for use 3 that divide, collect the hopper 4 of heavy component, the first vertical selection by winnowing chamber 7, first blower fan 5 and first cyclone dust collectors 6 of sorting light components divide the second vertical selection by winnowing chamber 8, second blower fan 10, second cyclone dust collectors 9 of choosing heavy matter component.
Domestic waste winnowing method and pneumatic separator thereof are characterised in that: travelling belt one end of batcher 1 is installed and is connected horizontal selection by winnowing chamber 2 and air blast 3, house refuse arrives behind the end in the dropping process by the air institute fluidisation from air blast 3 by travelling belt, is elected as light components, middle heavy component, heavy component in the place ahead of blower fan mouth by branch.Because the buoyancy of wind and the effect of house refuse self gravitation, heavy component directly drops to 4 li in heavy component hopper, and the light components in the house refuse falls into the first vertical selection by winnowing chamber 7, produce updraft by first blower fan 5 in the first vertical selection by winnowing chamber 7, inferior light components is discharged from the bottom of the first vertical selection by winnowing chamber 7, light components is discharged from 7 tops, the first vertical selection by winnowing chamber, and entering first cyclone dust collectors 6 carries out gas solid separation, reclaims light components.Middle heavy component in the house refuse of first sorting drops into the second vertical selection by winnowing chamber 8, produce updraft by second blower fan 10 in the second vertical selection by winnowing chamber 8, inferior heavy component is discharged from 8 bottoms, the second vertical selection by winnowing chamber, middle matter component is discharged from 8 tops, the second vertical selection by winnowing chamber, enter second cyclone dust collectors 9 and carry out gas solid separation, matter component in the recovery.House refuse is elected five grades as according to the particle characteristic branch the most at last, heavy component, and inferior heavy ends, middle matter component, inferior light components, light components reclaims respectively.
By changing the running parameter of air blast 3, first blower fan 5, second blower fan 10, the particle characteristic of the various components of control sorting consumer waste falls in adjusting gas-solid ratio, air velocity, air feed conveying capacity, gas pressure, satisfies the recycling requirement of different house refuses.Can be according to arts demand, first blower fan 5 is closed in selection, light components can not be carried out processing by the first vertical selection by winnowing chamber 7, directly discharge from 7 bottoms, the first vertical selection by winnowing chamber, house refuse becomes the level Four sorting by the sorting of five grades, its heavy component, inferior heavy ends, middle matter component, light components reclaims at four discharging openings respectively; Close second blower fan 10, middle heavy component can not be carried out processing by the second vertical selection by winnowing chamber 8, directly discharge from 8 bottoms, the second vertical selection by winnowing chamber, house refuse becomes the level Four sorting by the sorting of five grades, heavy component, in heavy component, inferior light components, light components reclaims at four discharging openings respectively; Close first blower fan 5, second blower fan 10 simultaneously, then house refuse becomes three grades of sortings by the sorting of five grades, and light components, middle heavy component, heavy component reclaim at three discharging openings respectively.

Claims (5)

1. domestic waste winnowing method and pneumatic separator thereof, it is characterized in that: horizontal selection by winnowing chamber and air blast, the vertical selection by winnowing of light components chamber and blower fan, middle heavy component vertical selection by winnowing chamber and blower fan by batcher, first sorting adopt pipeline to connect and compose pneumatic separator, combine with vertical two kinds of streamer modes by level and carry out the sorting of house refuse.
2. domestic waste winnowing method according to claim 1 and pneumatic separator thereof, it is characterized in that: travelling belt one end at batcher is installed connection horizontal selection by winnowing chamber and air blast, house refuse arrives behind the end in the dropping process by the air institute fluidisation from air blast by travelling belt, because the buoyancy of wind and the effect of house refuse self gravitation, light components, middle heavy component, heavy component are elected as by branch in the place ahead at the blower fan mouth, and heavy component directly drops in the hopper.
3. domestic waste winnowing method according to claim 1 and pneumatic separator thereof, it is characterized in that: the light components in the house refuse of first sorting is sent into the vertical selection by winnowing of light components chamber, carry out the secondary sorting by blower fan, inferior light components is discharged from the bottom, light components is discharged from the top, carries out gas solid separation through cyclone dust collectors; Heavy component vertical selection by winnowing chamber and blower fan during middle heavy component in the house refuse of sorting is sent into, by the secondary sorting, inferior heavy component is discharged from the bottom, and middle matter component is discharged from the top, carries out gas solid separation through cyclone dust collectors, final house refuse is elected as five grades according to particle characteristic by branch, heavy component, inferior heavy ends, middle matter component, inferior light components, light components reclaims respectively.
4. domestic waste winnowing method according to claim 1 and pneumatic separator thereof, it is characterized in that: by changing the running parameter of air blast and blower fan, the particle characteristic of the various components of control sorting consumer waste falls in adjusting gas-solid ratio, air velocity, air feed conveying capacity, gas pressure.
5. domestic waste winnowing method according to claim 1 and pneumatic separator thereof, it is characterized in that: according to arts demand, the blower fan of the vertical selection by winnowing of light components chamber or the blower fan of the vertical selection by winnowing of middle heavy component chamber are closed in selection, change the working forms of pneumatic separator, the sorting of five grades of house refuse is become level Four or three grades of sortings, satisfy the recycling requirement of different house refuses.
CN2010102192493A 2010-07-07 2010-07-07 Domestic waste winnowing method and winnowing device Pending CN101912844A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102192493A CN101912844A (en) 2010-07-07 2010-07-07 Domestic waste winnowing method and winnowing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102192493A CN101912844A (en) 2010-07-07 2010-07-07 Domestic waste winnowing method and winnowing device

Publications (1)

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CN101912844A true CN101912844A (en) 2010-12-15

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102366745A (en) * 2011-09-21 2012-03-07 卓卫民 Powder selecting and collecting device
CN102728551A (en) * 2012-06-29 2012-10-17 卓卫民 Powder selection and collection device
WO2013166823A1 (en) * 2012-05-07 2013-11-14 西安交通大学 Double-air chamber multifunctional winnowing machine for municipal solid waste

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102366745A (en) * 2011-09-21 2012-03-07 卓卫民 Powder selecting and collecting device
WO2013166823A1 (en) * 2012-05-07 2013-11-14 西安交通大学 Double-air chamber multifunctional winnowing machine for municipal solid waste
CN102728551A (en) * 2012-06-29 2012-10-17 卓卫民 Powder selection and collection device
CN102728551B (en) * 2012-06-29 2015-05-13 卓卫民 Powder selection and collection device

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Addressee: Dalian Joyum Heavy Industries. Ltd.

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Addressee: Dalian Joyum Heavy Industries. Ltd.

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20101215

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)