CN203598927U - Horizontal household garbage winnowing device - Google Patents

Horizontal household garbage winnowing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203598927U
CN203598927U CN201320299537.3U CN201320299537U CN203598927U CN 203598927 U CN203598927 U CN 203598927U CN 201320299537 U CN201320299537 U CN 201320299537U CN 203598927 U CN203598927 U CN 203598927U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sorting
circular hole
screen drum
house refuse
screening device
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Active
Application number
CN201320299537.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建祥
王玉利
刘凡清
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SHANGHAI FANQING ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI FANQING ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320299537.3U priority Critical patent/CN203598927U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a horizontal household garbage winnowing device. The horizontal household garbage winnowing device comprises a feeding belt conveyor and a feeding hopper, wherein the discharge end of the feeding hopper is connected with a sorting box body in a sealed way; a rotary drum screen part, a magnetic sorting part and a gravity sorting part are arranged from a material sliding hopper of the sorting box body in sequence; a material discharge part is arranged on the bottom of the sorting box body; the material sliding hopper of the sorting box body is connected with an air blower through an air inlet pipe in a sealed way; a dust removal cover is connected with the other side of the sorting box body; an exhaust fan is arranged above the dust removal cover. The horizontal household garbage winnowing device is simple in structure; the artificial sorting is not required when the horizontal household garbage winnowing device is used; the work efficiency is improved. Garbage is subjected to wind sorting conveniently because of the arrangement of the air blower and an air outlet pipe. Building garbage is conveniently separated from combustibles by the gravity sorting device; ferromagnetic metals are conveniently sorted by the magnetic sorting part; organics are conveniently sorted by the rotary drum screen part.

Description

House refuse Horizontal wind screening device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of Horizontal wind screening device for the treatment of domestic waste.
background technology
House refuse is classified, and is the important component part of Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment.The house refuse of China is composting, and domestic waste character and feature are subject to the impact of the factors such as resident living level, energy resource structure, seasonal variations, make waste component have complexity, polytropy and regional differences.Wherein also sneak into a small amount of building waste brick and tile stone, glass, pottery, dregs, ferromagnetic metal, disposable plastic bag etc.; Mostly resident's house refuse is, with putting into garbage collection points after plastic bag packaging, therefore before house refuse is classified, also to need to process again.At present, the method that the sorting of domestic most employing vibratory sieve, rotary screen sorting and artificial separation combine, the efficiency of separation is low, and workman's operating environment is poor, affects further integrated treatment.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide one way of life refuse horizontal pneumatic separation device.
For achieving the above object, house refuse Horizontal wind screening device of the present utility model comprises pan feeding belt feeder, material bin, the discharge end of material bin and sorting casing are tightly connected, start to be provided with successively revolving cylinder screen sections, magnetic separating part and gravity separation part from the hopper that slips of sorting casing, sorting bottom half is provided with output section, the hopper that slips is sealedly connected with air blast by blast pipe, and the opposite side of sorting casing connects dust excluding hood, and dust excluding hood top is provided with air exhauster.
Between the discharge end of described material bin and sorting casing, be tightly connected, lower end connects and slips hopper, and hopper one side of slipping connects blast pipe, is provided with damping water distribution pipeline in blast pipe, and blast pipe and damping water distribution pipeline form water smoke conditioning sections.
The discharge end of described material bin and described in slip and be tightly connected between hopper.
Described discharge pipe is sealedly connected with dust excluding hood, and dust excluding hood is sealedly connected with air exhauster.
The air outlet of described air exhauster is communicated with material bin sealing by backwind tube.
Described revolving cylinder screen sections comprises the first circular hole screen drum; The first circular hole screen drum closes on sorting casing charging one side, and along the direction of Flow of Goods and Materials, the mesh of the first circular hole screen drum is the big hole of diameter 60--100 millimeter; The second circular hole screen drum is positioned at the opposite side of sorting casing, and its mesh is the small sircle hole of diameter 30--50 millimeter.
Described magnetic separating part comprises ferromagnetic deironing device.
Described gravity separation part comprises the slope conveyor of angle adjustable and running speed.
Described output section comprises organic matter discharging opening, brick and tile stone discharging opening, dust outlet and plastics outlet, organic matter discharging opening is positioned on the sorting casing of described the first circular hole screen drum below, the sorting bottom half of brick and tile stone discharging opening between described the first circular hole screen drum and described the second circular hole screen drum, dust outlet is positioned on the sorting casing of the second circular hole screen drum below, along Flow of Goods and Materials direction, plastics outlet is positioned at the latter end bottom of sorting casing.
With described the first circular hole screen drum and the corresponding cleaning brush that is provided with of the second circular hole screen drum.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1. the utility model is simple in structure, need not artificial separation when use, improve operating efficiency.The setting of air blast and discharge pipe is convenient to rubbish to carry out pneumatic separating.Gravity separation device is convenient to building waste and combustible to separate, and magnetic separating part is convenient to ferromagnetic metal to sort out, and revolving cylinder screening part is convenient to organic matter to sort out.
2. the setting of water smoke conditioning sections is convenient to, in the time that material is comparatively dry, material is carried out to conditioning, reduces the dust in assorting room, has improved the efficiency of separation of paper and plastics simultaneously.Specifically, water smoke damping makes in material to increase because of water suction weight compared with light stationery article, simultaneously in material compared with light polybag etc. because of the weight change that do not absorb water little, and then in the time of pneumatic separating, make stationery article drop on nearer place because of heavier, make polybag etc. drop on the latter end of sorting casing simultaneously.
3. the setting of cleaning brush, is convenient to clear up at any time attachment and the earth of the first circular hole screen drum and the second circular hole sieve aperture, and the timely cleaning of sieve aperture, contributes to improve screening efficiency.Preferred version is that the gap between cleaning brush and combination roll sieve is adjustable.
4. the setting of dust excluding hood is convenient to the gas in sorting casing to discharge after dedusting.The setting of air exhauster is convenient to keep negative pressure state in sorting casing, and dust and peculiar smell in sorting casing can outwards not distributed.
5. the air outlet of air exhauster is communicated with material bin sealing by backwind tube, so just between sorting casing, discharge pipe, dust excluding hood, air exhauster, backwind tube, material bin, form circulated air, there is following benefit: need not process by the smell that in sorting casing, effluent air causes and pollute; Circulated air recycles, and has played energy-saving and cost-reducing effect; Circulated air is in the time being blown into material bin, and its wind-force can impel material more promptly to carry downwards.
6. the first circular hole screen drum and the rational combination of the second circular hole screen drum, be convenient to by organic matter, separating plastic out, controlled the diffusion of dust peculiar smell simultaneously, is also conducive to improve the efficiency of separation.
7. magnetic separating part comprises ferromagnetic deironing device, arranges simply, can be effectively by ferromagnetic metal feed separation out.
8. gravity separation part comprises the slope conveyor of angle adjustable and running speed, after combustible and the brick and tile stone of sneaking into are fallen on slope conveyor, can building waste (brick and tile stone) and combustible be separated by angle and the speed of adjusting slope conveyor.
Output section specifically arrange simple and conveniently, be convenient to by the mass transport after sorting out.
In a word, the utility model has adopted the combining structure of rotary screen, wind-force, water smoke damping, magnetic force, gravity separation, has the component of refuse of adaptation ability strong, good classification effect, stable equipment operation, automaticity is high, and sorting is completely without all features such as very convenient of manual operation, Operation and maintenance.
accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 1.
the specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, house refuse Horizontal wind screening device of the present utility model comprises pan feeding belt feeder 1, material bin 2, the discharge end of material bin 2 is sealedly connected with sorting casing 21, in sorting casing 21, be provided with successively revolving cylinder screen sections, magnetic separating part and gravity separation part, described magnetic separating part comprises ferromagnetic deironing device 20, and described gravity separation part comprises the slope conveyor 13 of angle adjustable and running speed.Sorting casing 21 bottoms are provided with output section, and charging one side of sorting casing 21 is sealedly connected with air blast 5 by blast pipe 18, and the opposite side connection of sorting casing 21 is provided with dust excluding hood 1414, and there is air exhauster 11 dust excluding hood 14 tops.Between the discharge end of described material bin 2 and sorting casing 21, be tightly connected to be provided with and slip hopper 17, hopper 17 1 side seals of slipping connect blast pipes 18, are provided with damping water distribution pipeline 15 in blast pipe 18, and blast pipe 18 and damping water distribution pipeline 15 form water smoke conditioning sections.The discharge end of described material bin 2 and described in slip and be tightly connected between hopper 17.Described dust excluding hood 14 is sealedly connected with the suction inlet of air exhauster 11, and the air outlet of air exhauster 11 is communicated with material bin 2 sealings by backwind tube 12.Described revolving cylinder screen sections comprises the first circular hole screen drum 3, the second circular hole screen drum 4; The first circular hole screen drum 3 closes on sorting casing 21 charging one sides, and along the direction of Flow of Goods and Materials, the mesh of the first circular hole screen drum 3 is the big hole of diameter 60--100 millimeter; The second circular hole screen drum 4 is positioned at the opposite side of sorting casing 21, and its mesh is the small sircle hole of diameter 30--50 millimeter.Be provided with cleaning brush 16, the second circular hole screen drums 4 corresponding be provided with cleaning brush 6 corresponding with described the first circular hole screen drum 3.
Described output section comprises organic matter discharging opening 7, brick and tile stone discharging opening 8, dust outlet 9 and plastics outlet 10, organic matter discharging opening 7 is positioned on the sorting casing 21 of described the first circular hole screen drum below, sorting casing 21 bottoms of brick and tile stone discharging opening 8 between described the first circular hole screen drum 3 and described the second circular hole screen drum 4, dust outlet 9 is positioned on the sorting casing 21 of the second circular hole screen drum 4 belows, along Flow of Goods and Materials direction, plastics outlet belt feeder 10 is positioned at the latter end bottom of sorting casing 21.
Electrical control of the present utility model adopts programmable controller PLC and frequency converter (PLC and frequency converter adopt conventional existing product, are prior art, and figure does not show), and automaticity is high.
When house refuse Horizontal wind screening device work of the present utility model, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, first open each system equipment, adjust the air quantity of air blast 5 and air exhauster 11, controlling in sorting casing 21 is negative pressure, according to the moisture of pan feeding material, controls the injection flow rate of water smoke conditioning sections, according to enter material number, adjust the rotating speed of combination roll sieve.According to plastics materials in the second circular hole screen drum 4 (being mainly disposable plastic bag) number, adjust the rotating speed of the second circular hole screen drum 4.Material, by pan feeding belt feeder 1, enters after the utility model, under the effect of gravity and circulation wind-force, enters material bin 2 downwards, enters revolving cylinder screening part through slipping hopper 17.Material is when slipping hopper 17 process, if material is drier, water-locator carries out damping to material, to increase the moisture of material, reduces the dust in assorting room, and stationery in damping material.Stationery material weight after damping increases, and the water suction of disposable plastic bag in material is few, weight change is little, in the time of pneumatic separation, (circulated air that air blast 5 is blown and air exhauster 11 forms promotes material jointly, carry out pneumatic separation), heavy paper is fallen nearby, and light plastics materials is fallen at a distance, is conducive to paper and plastics materials (as disposable plastic bag) to separate.
When material passes through the first circular hole screen drum in revolving cylinder screen sections, the organic matter in material is discharged by organic matter discharging opening 7.Combustible and the brick and tile stone of sneaking into are fallen on slope conveyor 13 after by the first circular hole screen drum, by angle and the speed of adjusting slope conveyor 13, building waste and combustible (after the water suction of stationery material, weight increase has been sneaked in combustible) are separated, building waste is discharged by brick and tile stone discharging opening 8 compared with heavy material as brick and tile stone, glass, pottery etc., the light matter material such as combustible are discharged by the discharging opening 19 of slope conveyor 13, and ferromagnetic metal material is discharged through ferromagnetic deironing device 20.Under the circulation wind action forming at air-supply and the air exhauster 11 of air blast 5, plastics materials and dust are blown in the second circular hole screen drum 4, plastics materials is discharged through belt feeder 10 by plastics outlet under the effect of wind-force, a small amount of dust of wherein sneaking into is after the second circular hole screen drum 4 screenings, dust is discharged by dust outlet 9, outlet 9 is connected with belt feeder 22, transports out through belt feeder 22.
Air-flow in separator casing, through dust excluding hood 14, air exhauster 11, airduct, blows to material bin 2 places, through slipping hopper 17, form circulated air, circulated air is conducive to material and flows downward, and the air-flow of last and blast pipe 18 converges slipping hopper 17 places, and circulated air is recycled again.By adjusting air door and the variable-frequency speed-regulating controller of blower fan, air exhauster 11, in maintenance sorting casing 21, in negative pressure state, control the excessive of smell and dust, protect production environment.

Claims (10)

1. house refuse Horizontal wind screening device, it is characterized in that: comprise pan feeding belt feeder, material bin, between the discharge end of material bin and sorting casing, be tightly connected, start to be provided with successively revolving cylinder screen sections, magnetic separating part and gravity separation part from the hopper that slips of sorting casing, sorting bottom half is provided with output section, the hopper that slips of sorting casing is sealedly connected with air blast by blast pipe, in blast pipe, be provided with damping water distribution pipeline, the opposite side of sorting casing connects dust excluding hood, and dust excluding hood top is provided with air exhauster.
2. house refuse Horizontal wind screening device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the hopper that slips that is tightly connected and is provided with between the discharge end of described material bin and sorting casing.
3. house refuse Horizontal wind screening device according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described in slip hopper one side seal and be connected with blast pipe, in blast pipe, be provided with damping water distribution pipeline, blast pipe and damping water distribution pipeline form water smoke conditioning sections.
4. house refuse Horizontal wind screening device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described air exhauster discharge pipe is sealedly connected with dust excluding hood, and dust excluding hood is sealedly connected with the suction inlet of air exhauster.
5. house refuse Horizontal wind screening device according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the air outlet of described air exhauster is communicated with material bin sealing by backwind tube.
6. according to the house refuse Horizontal wind screening device described in any one in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: described revolving cylinder screen sections comprises the first circular hole screen drum, the second circular hole screen drum;
The first circular hole screen drum closes on sorting casing charging one side, and along the direction of Flow of Goods and Materials, the mesh of the first circular hole screen drum is the big hole of diameter 60--100 millimeter;
The second circular hole screen drum is positioned at the opposite side of sorting casing, and its mesh is the circular hole of diameter 30-50 millimeter.
7. according to the house refuse Horizontal wind screening device described in any one in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: described magnetic separating part comprises ferromagnetic deironing device.
8. according to the house refuse Horizontal wind screening device described in any one in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: described gravity separation part comprises the slope conveyor of angle adjustable and running speed.
9. house refuse Horizontal wind screening device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described output section comprises organic matter discharging opening, brick and tile stone discharging opening, dust outlet and plastics outlet, organic matter discharging opening is positioned on the sorting casing of described the first circular hole screen drum below, the sorting bottom half of brick and tile stone discharging opening between described the first circular hole screen drum and described the second circular hole screen drum, dust outlet is positioned on the sorting casing of the second circular hole screen drum below, along Flow of Goods and Materials direction, plastics outlet is positioned at the latter end bottom of sorting casing.
10. house refuse Horizontal wind screening device according to claim 6, is characterized in that: with described the first circular hole screen drum and the corresponding cleaning brush that is provided with of the second circular hole sieve aperture.
CN201320299537.3U 2013-05-23 2013-05-23 Horizontal household garbage winnowing device Active CN203598927U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320299537.3U CN203598927U (en) 2013-05-23 2013-05-23 Horizontal household garbage winnowing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320299537.3U CN203598927U (en) 2013-05-23 2013-05-23 Horizontal household garbage winnowing device

Publications (1)

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CN203598927U true CN203598927U (en) 2014-05-21

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320299537.3U Active CN203598927U (en) 2013-05-23 2013-05-23 Horizontal household garbage winnowing device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104028373A (en) * 2014-05-31 2014-09-10 毕辅成 Magnetic separation device for iron ore powder
CN107442433A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-08 江苏华宏科技股份有限公司 Building waste falling bodies winnowing machine
CN110280348A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-09-27 陈江涛 A kind of broken transfer device of town road solid waste

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104028373A (en) * 2014-05-31 2014-09-10 毕辅成 Magnetic separation device for iron ore powder
CN107442433A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-12-08 江苏华宏科技股份有限公司 Building waste falling bodies winnowing machine
CN110280348A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-09-27 陈江涛 A kind of broken transfer device of town road solid waste

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