Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment and resource retracting device
The present invention relates to a kind of Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment and resource retracting device.
House refuse is classified; Be the important component part of Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment, the house refuse of China is a composting, complicated component; In house refuse, comprise organic matter (kitchen is surplus); Also sneak into a spot of building waste (brick and tile stone, glass, pottery, dregs), waste or used plastics, metal etc., and resident's house refuse is also with putting into garbage collection points behind the plastic bag packaging, further sorting recovery and comprehensive resource processing behind the therefore broken bag.At present, the method that sorting of domestic most employing mechanical picker and artificial separation combine, the efficiency of separation is low; Workman's operating environment is poor; Influence further integrated treatment, and resource technology and equipment are not comprehensive, the valuable cargo in the house refuse does not obtain sufficient recycling.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment and resource retracting device that can carry out sorting recovery and comprehensive resource processing to domestic waste.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is:
Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment and resource retracting device comprise sorting recovery system and comprehensive resource treatment system;
The sorting recovery system includes hopper, and the discharge end of material bin is connected with bag-breaking machine, and bag-breaking machine is tightly connected through slide hopper and sorting casing; Be provided with damping water distribution pipeline in the slide hopper; Slide hopper and damping water distribution pipeline constitute the water smoke conditioning sections, are provided with machinery rotation trommelling part, magnetic force sorting part and gravity separation part in the sorting casing successively, and the sorting bottom half is provided with the output section; The output section comprises dregs outlet, organic matter discharging opening, brick and tile stone discharging opening, sandy soil outlet and plastics outlet; Charging one side of sorting casing is sealedly connected with air blast through blast pipe, and the opposite side connection of sorting casing is provided with discharge pipe, and discharge pipe is sealedly connected with cyclone dust collectors; Cyclone dust collectors are sealedly connected with air exhauster, and the air outlet of air exhauster is communicated with the material bin sealing through backwind tube;
The comprehensive resource treatment system comprises organic matter composting part, inorganic matter brickmaking part, waste or used plastics system plastic grain part and the metal recovery part that is connected with sorting recovery system output section respectively.
The machinery rotation rotary screen partly comprises combination roll sieve, the circular hole rotary screen that is provided with at interval; The combination roll sieve closes on sorting casing charging one side, and the circular hole rotary screen is positioned at the opposite side of sorting casing, with the corresponding sweeper that is provided with of combination roll sieve; Gravity separation partly comprises the slope conveyor of angle adjustable and running speed; The magnetic force sorting partly comprises ferromagnetic deironing device.
The organic matter composting partly comprises fermentation cabin; The fermentation cabin top is provided with feeding conveyor, fermentation cabin charging aperture and material distributing machine, and the fermentation cabin sidepiece is provided with the discharging screw machine, and the discharging screw machine is connected with the outfeed belt machine; Outfeed belt machine end is provided with rotary screen, and rotary screen is connected with the fertilizer belt feeder.
Inorganic matter brickmaking partly comprises jaw crusher, hammer mill, proportioning machine, mixer, the brickmaking machine that sets gradually and be connected through belt feeder, and brickmaking machine is connected with stacking machine, and stacking machine is connected with curing kilns.
Waste or used plastics system plastic grain partly comprises plastic breaker, and the plastic breaker below is provided with rinsing maching, and the rinsing maching below is provided with rinsing bath; Rinsing bath is provided with machine for fishing out; The machine for fishing out discharge end is connected with extruding machine, and the extruding machine rear end is provided with the cooling pond, and the rear end, cooling pond is provided with pelleter.
Fermentation cabin top is provided with the deodorizing airduct, and the deodorizing airduct is connected with deodorizing tower through the deodorizing air exhauster, and the fermentation cabin bottom is provided with the oxygen supply blower fan, and the fermentation cabin sidewall is provided with the thermometric electroheat pair.
The present invention has following advantage:
One, sorting recovery system
1, be combined into one bag-breaking machine and sorting unit, reduced the diffusion of smell in conveying equipment and the course of conveying, compact conformation has improved separating effect.
2, two series cylinder screen banks integrators, reasonably combine, controlled conveying equipment and the diffusion of dust odor in the classification process, also help improving the efficiency of separation.
3, when air blast blasts sorting pneumatic separation device casing to air-flow; The air quantity of adjustment air exhauster makes the exhausting amount greater than intake, and the casing internal pressure is in negative pressure state in the maintenance equipment running process; Control the excessive of dust and foul smell; Formed circulated air through introducing feed inlet end to the air outlet of air exhauster, circulated air recycles, and has played energy-saving and cost-reducing effect.
4, the feeding mouth at bag-breaking machine discharge end and rotary screen has disposed the water smoke humidity control device, increases the moisture of stationery in the rubbish, helps stationery in the rubbish and plastics are separated, and has improved the efficiency of separation of paper and plastics.
Two, comprehensive resource treatment system
1, organic matter composting
Organic matter adopts storehouse formula fermentation, and floor space is little, and fermentation period is short, and the fertilizer quality is good, charging and discharging convenience, moisture adjusting, temperature detection, Ventilation Control, fermentative smell control etc., and automaticity is high.
2, inorganic matter brickmaking
Inorganic matter is broken to be adopted earlier through jaw crusher, broken through the hammer mill two-stage again, crushing efficiency height, little power consumption; Adopt the Full Automatic Liquid brick machine, pressure is big, and the intensity of producing brick is high; Adopt automatic stacking machine, automaticity is high, and output is high, and working strength of workers is low.
3, waste or used plastics system plastic grain
After the broken washing of waste or used plastics, contain large quantity of moisture, adopt wet method melt extrusion machine, saved dry run, production efficiency is high, and is significantly energy-saving and cost-reducing.
4, metal recovery
Adopt high-strength permanent magnetism automatic de-ironing device, metal recovery efficient is high.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a sorting recovering system structural representation among the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is an organic matter composting part-structure sketch map among the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is an inorganic matter brickmaking part-structure sketch map among the present invention;
Fig. 6 is a waste or used plastics system plastic grain part-structure sketch map among the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1 to 6, Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment and resource retracting device comprise sorting recovery system and comprehensive resource treatment system;
Sorting recovery system (like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2) includes hopper 1; The discharge end of material bin 1 is connected with bag-breaking machine 2; Bag-breaking machine 2 is tightly connected with sorting casing 20 through slide hopper 17; Be provided with damping water distribution pipeline 15 in the slide hopper 17; The hopper 17 that slips constitutes the water smoke conditioning sections with damping water distribution pipeline 15, is provided with machinery rotation trommelling part, magnetic force sorting part and gravity separation part in the sorting casing 20 successively, and the machinery rotation rotary screen partly comprises combination roll sieve 3, the circular hole rotary screen 4 that is provided with at interval; Combination roll sieve 3 closes on sorting casing 20 chargings one side, and circular hole rotary screen 4 is positioned at the opposite side of sorting casing 20, sieves the 3 corresponding sweepers 16 that are provided with combination roll; Gravity separation partly comprises the slope conveyor 13 of angle adjustable and running speed; The magnetic force sorting partly comprises ferromagnetic deironing device 19.Sorting casing 20 bottoms are provided with the output section; The output section comprises dregs outlet 6, organic matter discharging opening 7, brick and tile stone discharging opening 8, sandy soil outlet 9 and plastics outlet 10; Charging one side of sorting casing 20 is sealedly connected with air blast 5 through blast pipe 18, and the opposite side connection of sorting casing 20 is provided with discharge pipe 21, and discharge pipe 21 is sealedly connected with cyclone dust collectors 14; Cyclone dust collectors 14 are sealedly connected with air exhauster 11, and the air outlet of air exhauster 11 is communicated with material bin 1 sealing through backwind tube 12; The comprehensive resource treatment system comprises organic matter composting part, inorganic matter brickmaking part, waste or used plastics system plastic grain part and the metal recovery part that is connected with sorting recovery system output section respectively.Organic matter composting part (like Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4) comprises fermentation cabin 22; Fermentation cabin 22 tops are provided with feeding conveyor 23, fermentation cabin charging aperture 24 and material distributing machine 25, and fermentation cabin 22 sidepieces are provided with discharging screw machine 26, and discharging screw machine 26 is connected with outfeed belt machine 27; Outfeed belt machine 27 ends are provided with rotary screen 28; Rotary screen 28 is connected with fertilizer belt feeder 29, and fermentation cabin 22 tops are provided with deodorizing airduct 30, and deodorizing airduct 30 is connected with deodorizing tower 32 through deodorizing air exhauster 31; Fermentation cabin 22 bottoms are provided with oxygen supply blower fan 33, and fermentation cabin 22 sidewalls are provided with thermometric electroheat pair 34.Inorganic matter brickmaking (as shown in Figure 5) part comprises jaw crusher 35, hammer mill 37, proportioning machine 38, mixer 39, the brickmaking machine 40 that sets gradually and be connected through belt feeder 36; Brickmaking machine 40 is connected with stacking machine 41, and stacking machine 41 is connected with curing kilns 42.Waste or used plastics system plastic grain part (as shown in Figure 6) comprises plastic breaker 43; Plastic breaker 43 belows are provided with rinsing maching 44; Rinsing maching 44 belows are provided with rinsing bath 45, and rinsing bath 45 is provided with machine for fishing out 46, and machine for fishing out 46 discharge ends are connected with extruding machine 47; Extruding machine 47 rear ends are provided with cooling pond 48, and 48 rear ends, cooling pond are provided with pelleter 49.
Among the present invention, the sorting recovery system is made up of pan feeding and broken bag part, machinery rotation trommelling part, pneumatic separation part, water smoke conditioning sections, magnetic force sorting part, gravity separation part and output section six major parts.This six major part all respectively has independence, after each several part is accomplished respectively, assembles the all-in-one-piece manufacturing process again.Charging in its six major part and broken bag part include material bin 1, bag-breaking machine 2, and bag-breaking machine 2 is uniformly distributed with structure with linked rings for the biconjugate roller, in rotary course; Loop chain on the roller can be broken the bagged garbage bag, makes that material scatters in the bag, and loop chain also can be smashed organic matters such as the branch in the rubbish, bulk pericarp; Loop chain is run into the hard materials such as brick and tile stone glass-ceramic in the rubbish, and loop chain is rebounded and is not stuck, and hard material gets into slide hopper 17 downwards in bag-breaking machine 2; Bag-breaking machine 2 has the ability that the soft or hard material all adapts to, and through slipping hopper 17 entering rotary screens 3, material is in process is slipped hopper 17 processes through the material after the fragmentation; When material is dry, carry out damping through damping water distribution pipeline 15, increase the moisture of material; Reduce the dust in the assorting room, and the stationery in the damping material, the weight of stationery is increased; And the suction of the disposable plastic bag in the material is few, and weight change is little, when pneumatic separation; Heavy paper is fallen nearby, and light disposable plastic bag is fallen at a distance, helps separating paper and disposable plastic bag; Rotary screen 3 is two sections combination screen drums, and leading portion is small square hole 10 * 10mm, and back segment is big square hole 80 * 80mm; The dregs of sneaking in the material is discharged by dregs outlet 6, and organic matter is discharged by organic matter discharging opening 7, and combustible is fallen on the slope conveyor 13 with the brick and tile stone of sneaking into; Angle and speed through the adjustment slope conveyor are separated building waste and combustible, and building waste brick and tile stone, glass, pottery etc. are discharged by brick and tile stone discharging opening 8 than heavy material, and combustible light matter material is discharged by the discharging opening 50 of slope conveyor 13; Metal is discharged through ferromagnetic deironing device 19, and paper suction back weight increase has been sneaked in the combustible, through air blast 5, blast pipe 18; Under powerful air-flow effect, disposable plastic bag is blown in the circular hole rotary screen 4, is discharged by plastics outlet 10; Air-flow in the sorting casing 20 blows to charging aperture 1 place through cyclone dust collectors 14, air exhauster 11, backwind tube 12, through bag-breaking machine 2; Blow to slide hopper 17, form circulated air, circulated air helps material and flows downward; Air-flow last and blast pipe 18 converges at slide hopper 17 places, and circulated air is recycled again, through the air door and the variable frequency regulating speed control device of adjustment air blast 5, air exhauster 11; Keep being in negative pressure state in the sorting casing 20, controlled the excessive of smell and dust, protected production environment.
During the work of this sorting recovery system, at first open each system equipment, the air quantity of adjustment air blast 5 and air exhauster 11; In the control sorting casing 20 is negative pressure, according to the moisture of pan feeding material, and control damping water distribution pipeline 15 injection flow rates; According to the output that gets into material, the rotating speed of adjustment combination roll sieve 3.The sieve plate Circularhole diameter ￠ 30mm of circular hole rotary screen 4; According to what of disposable plastic bag in the circular hole rotary screen 4; The rotating speed of adjustment circular hole rotary screen 4; Be blown into a small amount of sandy soil of sneaking in sandy soil and the disposable plastic bag of circular hole rotary screen 4, after rotary screen 4 screenings, plastics are discharged by plastics outlet 10.Sandy soil are discharged by sandy soil outlet 9.Combination roll sieve 3 is the combination screen drums in two kinds of apertures.The sieve plate of combination roll sieve 3 and circular hole rotary screen 4 is modularization and is fixed by nut; Can change the sieve plate in different apertures according to component of refuse; Maintenance is convenient, and the sweeper 16 of combination roll sieve 3 configurations is along with the attachment and the earth of screen drum, the adjustable gaps between sweeper 16 and the rotary screen 3 are cleared up in the rotation of screen drum at any time; The timely cleaning of sieve aperture helps to improve screening efficiency.Programmable controller PLC is adopted in the electrical control of sorting unit, and automaticity is high.
Among the present invention, organic matter composting part: the organic matter in the house refuse that sub-elects is defeated 23 through feeding conveyor, material distributing machine 22, deliver to the fermentation cabin charging aperture 24 of each fermentation cabin 22, and organic matter is disposed in each fermentation cabin 22 equably.Treat that binning finishes, start oxygen supply blower fan 33 beginning forced ventilations, temperature is controlled at about 65 ℃, after 7 days intensifications, insulation, accomplishes fermentation.Fermentation materials is delivered to outfeed belt machine 27 through discharging screw machine 26 by the bottom, storehouse; Outfeed belt machine 27 is transported to rotary screen 28 with it to carry out mechanical grading and handles, and organic matter (particle diameter < material of 15mm) is delivered to the fertilizer workshop through fertilizer belt feeder 29 and deposited.Evenly arrange in the middle part, the outside of each fermentation cabin 22 three thermometric electroheat pairs 34 have been installed; Be used to detect the temperature of fermentation materials; When temperature reaches 65 ℃, start 33 coolings of oxygen supply blower fan automatically, when temperature drops to 45 ℃; Oxygen supply blower fan 33 stops automatically, and the oxygen supply ventilating system is controlled automatically.
Inorganic matter brickmaking part: the inorganic matter that sub-elects (as: brick, watt, stone etc.) gets into jaw crusher 37, and after the coarse crushing, sending into hammer mill 37 by belt feeder 36 carries out fine crushing; Reach the brick-making raw material requirement, sent into the aggregate bin of proportioning machine 38 then by belt feeder 36, proportioning machine 38 has two material bins; Aggregate bin and cement silo, aggregate and cement prepare material and send into mixer 39 stirrings through belt feeder 36 according to the prescription batching; Start water pump then and add water by prescription; In mixer 39, stir, after stirring finished, mixed material was sent into brickmaking machine 40 extrusion modlings by belt feeder 36; The brick of every sheet metal forming is sent into curing kilns 42 maintenances by automatic stacking machine 41 pilings behind the piling.
Waste or used plastics system plastic grain part: the waste or used plastics that sub-elects, send into plastic breaker 43 and carry out fragmentation, get into rinsing maching 44 then and wash once more; In rinsing bath 45, carry out rinsing and remove sandy soil and impurity; Clean plastics after the washing after machine for fishing out 46 is pulled out, send into that extruding machine 47 dewaters, high-temperature digestion and extruding slivering, the plastic strip of extruding is softer, also need in cooling pond 48, cool; Cooling is processed plastic grain at last after pelleter 49 is cut into graininess.