CN105562425B - The handling process and system of domestic garbage resource - Google Patents

The handling process and system of domestic garbage resource Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105562425B
CN105562425B CN201610098244.7A CN201610098244A CN105562425B CN 105562425 B CN105562425 B CN 105562425B CN 201610098244 A CN201610098244 A CN 201610098244A CN 105562425 B CN105562425 B CN 105562425B
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China
Prior art keywords
organic matter
rubbish
microbial bacteria
waste product
matter
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CN201610098244.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105562425A (en
Inventor
黄敏
白洋
冯光兴
梁尚明
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广西鸿生源环保股份有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/11Specially adapted for crops
    • Y02A40/18Related to fertilizer management
    • Y02A40/20Sustainable fertilizers of biological origin
    • Y02A40/214Fertilizers from household or town refuse
    • Y02A40/215Apparatus for the manufacture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/11Specially adapted for crops
    • Y02A40/18Related to fertilizer management
    • Y02A40/20Sustainable fertilizers of biological origin
    • Y02A40/214Fertilizers from household or town refuse
    • Y02A40/216Biological compost

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of handling process of domestic garbage resource and system, belongs to garbage treating process field, and processing system of the present invention includes being used to soak rubbish and utilizes the deodorization tank of microbial bacteria fermentation rubbish;Bag-breaking machine for tear garbage bags;For carrying out cleaning screening to the rubbish exposed by bag-breaking machine, the cleaning screening plant of inorganic matter waste product and organic matter is sub-elected;For reclaiming the retracting device of the recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product sub-elected;And for separating organic matter be the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter, and solid organic fertilizer is obtained using microbial bacteria the first SOLID ORGANIC matter of fermenting, obtain the fertilizer producing equipment of Liquid organic fertilizer using microbial bacteria fermented liquid organic matter.The present invention is handled rubbish using microbial bacteria, makes its odorless harmless;Rubbish is sorted, fully reclaims recyclable resource therein, present treatment PROCESS FOR TREATMENT cost is low, and the pollution to environment is lacked, and can greatly reduce the wasting of resources.

Description

The handling process and system of domestic garbage resource

Technical field

The present invention relates to garbage treating process field, in particular to a kind of handling process of domestic garbage resource And system.

Background technology

It is reported that nearly 1.5 hundred million tons of China's municipal refuse annual production, and have nearly 2/3 every year with 8% or so speed increase City be absorbed in garbage-surrounded city predicament.So far, the rubbish in many cities is still taken is handled in suburbs exposed locations stacking, without any Safeguard procedures, mosquitos and flies evil is raw, mouse causes disaster, foul smell is boundless, and a large amount of garbage leachates are permeated the ground by earth's surface, to air, soil, water Body environment causes very big pollution, seriously endangers human health.

In order to reduce pollution of the house refuse to environment, various regions all take different measures to house refuse at Reason.One of which waste disposal method is landfill, and this method can effectively dissolve a large amount of house refuses, avoid air storage The problem of house refuse produces, garbage disposal expense is low, and method is simple.But the problem of garbage loading embeading processing is present is garbage loading embeading Floor space it is big, usage time length (generally 10 years or so), cost is high, and with a large amount of generations of house refuse, Applicable landfill yard close to city is less and less, and garbage disposal expense can be greatly improved by opening up remote landfill yard, until City dweller can not bear so high expense.In addition, the direct landfill disposal of rubbish can cause recycle in rubbish Resource be wasted, easily cause the secondary pollution of groundwater resources.

Another waste disposal method is to burn, and this method is that rubbish is placed in high temperature furnace, makes wherein combustible component Fully oxidized, heat caused by burning is used to generate electricity and heat.The advantages of incineration treatment of garbage is that the reduced training of rubbish is shown (volume after waste incineration reduces more than 90%, and weight reduces more than 80%) is write, the processing ratio to rubbish is more thoroughly.But rubbish Burning disposal equally exists some problems:Need using special burning facility processing rubbish, while require that the calorific value of rubbish is big In 3.35MJ/kg, combustion adjuvant otherwise must be just added, processing cost is higher;Moreover, rubbish, which is directly burned, to be caused in rubbish The resource that can be recycled is wasted, and burns and discharge toxic gas, and environment can be polluted.

The content of the invention

The invention provides a kind of handling process of domestic garbage resource and system, and rubbish is carried out using microbial bacteria Processing, makes its odorless harmless;Rubbish is sorted, fully reclaims recyclable resource therein, present treatment PROCESS FOR TREATMENT cost Low, the pollution to environment is lacked, and can greatly reduce the wasting of resources.

What the present invention was realized in:

A kind of handling process of domestic garbage resource, comprises the following steps,

Fermentation step:Soak rubbish and fermentative deodorizing processing is carried out to rubbish using microbial bacteria;

Broken bag step:It will be torn by refuse bag of the fermentation step equipped with rubbish, rubbish be completely exposed;

Clean screening step:Cleaning screening is carried out to the rubbish exposed Jing Guo broken bag step, sorting obtains inorganic matter Waste product and organic matter;

Recycling step:Recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product that sub-elects is reclaimed;And

Make fertile step:The organic matter sub-elected is separated, obtains SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter, utilizes micro- life Thing bacterium fermentation solid organic matter, obtains solid organic fertilizer, using microbial bacteria fermented liquid organic matter, obtains Liquid organic fertilizer.

Wherein, retracting device includes:

First magnetic separator de-ironing, for reclaiming the iron in inorganic matter waste product.

Disintegrating machine, for the broken inorganic matter waste product by the first magnetic separator de-ironing.

Sedimentation basin, for steeping for the inorganic matter waste product of disintegrating machine to isolate supernatant and hypostasis.

First screening machine, the first screening machine are used to carry out gravity screening to the hypostasis in sedimentation basin, sub-elect lightweight thing With heavy thing.

For carrying out broken ball mill to heavy thing.

For reclaiming the second magnetic separator de-ironing of the iron in the heavy thing after crushing.

For sorting the heavy thing after iron removaling as construction material and the second screening machine of waste liquid.

And obtain the concentrated filter of the second SOLID ORGANIC matter and filtrate for carrying out thickening filtration to waste liquid.

A kind of processing system of domestic garbage resource, including:

Deodorization tank, for soaking rubbish and utilizing microbial bacteria fermentation rubbish;

Bag-breaking machine, for tearing the refuse bag equipped with rubbish by deodorization tank soaking fermentation;

Screening plant is cleaned, for carrying out cleaning screening to the rubbish exposed by bag-breaking machine, inorganic matter is sub-elected and gives up Product and organic matter;

Retracting device, for reclaiming the recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product sub-elected;And

Fertilizer producing equipment, it is the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter for separating organic matter, and is sent out using microbial bacteria Ferment the first SOLID ORGANIC matter obtains solid organic fertilizer, and Liquid organic fertilizer is obtained using microbial bacteria fermented liquid organic matter.

Wherein, retracting device includes:

First magnetic separator de-ironing, for reclaiming the iron in inorganic matter waste product.

Disintegrating machine, for the broken inorganic matter waste product by the first magnetic separator de-ironing.

Sedimentation basin, for steeping for the inorganic matter waste product of disintegrating machine to isolate supernatant and hypostasis.

First screening machine, the first screening machine are used to carry out gravity screening to the hypostasis in sedimentation basin, sub-elect lightweight thing With heavy thing.

For carrying out broken ball mill to heavy thing.

For reclaiming the second magnetic separator de-ironing of the iron in the heavy thing after crushing.

For sorting the heavy thing after iron removaling as construction material and the second screening machine of waste liquid.

And obtain the concentrated filter of the second SOLID ORGANIC matter and filtrate for carrying out thickening filtration to waste liquid.

Further, above-mentioned fertilizer producing equipment includes aeration tank, for being fermented using microbial bacteria to liquid organic matter.

Further, above-mentioned retracting device also includes plastic granulator, and plastic granulator is used for the floating in sedimentation basin Plastics in thing carry out granulation recovery.

Further, above-mentioned fertilizer producing equipment also includes garbage compost area, consolidates for stacking the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and second Body organic matter, and fermented using microbial bacteria.

Further, above-mentioned processing system also includes the Sewage Disposal being connected with concentrated filter, and Sewage Disposal is used In collection, processing filtrate.

Further, above-mentioned cleaning screening plant includes the 3rd screening machine, and carries out microbial bacteria to the 3rd screening machine The Sprayer Circulation device of spray.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:

Then the present invention is torn first with the organic matter in the microbial bacteria fermentation rubbish in deodorization tank using bag-breaking machine Refuse bag, rubbish is cleaned using cleaning screening plant, and be sieved into inorganic matter waste product and organic matter, then using recovery Device recovery sub-elects the recyclable resource in inorganic matter waste product, finally uses fertilizer producing equipment separation organic matter to have for the first solid Machine matter and liquid organic matter, and solid organic fertilizer is obtained using the first SOLID ORGANIC matter of microbial bacteria fermentation, utilize microbial bacteria Fermented liquid organic matter obtains Liquid organic fertilizer.The present invention is washed using the liquid containing microbial bacteria to rubbish, makes it It is odorless harmless, reduce garbage transporting amount;Then rubbish is sorted, fully reclaims recyclable resource therein, obtaining can Resource recovery, Liquid organic fertilizer and solid organic fertilizer.Processing cost of the present invention is low, and the pollution to environment is lacked, and can be very big Reduce the wasting of resources.

Brief description of the drawings

In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, below by embodiment it is required use it is attached Figure is briefly described, it will be appreciated that the following drawings illustrate only certain embodiments of the present invention, therefore be not construed as pair The restriction of scope, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can also be according to this A little accompanying drawings obtain other related accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 shows the schematic flow sheet of the handling process of domestic garbage resource provided in an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of the processing system for the domestic garbage resource that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides;

Fig. 3 shows the structural representation of the processing system for the domestic garbage resource that the embodiment of the present invention 2 provides.

Embodiment

To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is Part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.Therefore, The detailed description of the embodiments of the invention to providing in the accompanying drawings is not intended to limit the model of claimed invention below Enclose, but be merely representative of the selected embodiment of the present invention.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not having There is the every other embodiment made and obtained under the premise of creative work, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that the orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as "front", "rear" are based on attached Orientation or position relationship shown in figure, it is for only for ease of and describes the present invention and simplify description, rather than indicates or imply and be signified Equipment or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that to the present invention Limitation.Term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relatively important Property or the implicit quantity for indicating indicated technical characteristic.

In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, the term such as term " connected ", " connection " should do broad sense reason Solution, for example, it may be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or integrally;Can be joined directly together, can also pass through Intermediary is indirectly connected.For the ordinary skill in the art, it can understand that above-mentioned term exists as the case may be Concrete meaning in the present invention.

Shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment provides a kind of handling process of domestic garbage resource, comprises the following steps,

Fermentation step:Soak rubbish and fermentative deodorizing processing is carried out to rubbish using microbial bacteria;

Broken bag step:It will be torn by refuse bag of the fermentation step equipped with rubbish, rubbish be completely exposed;

Clean screening step:Cleaning screening is carried out to the rubbish exposed Jing Guo broken bag step, sorting obtains inorganic matter Waste product and organic matter;

Recycling step:Recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product that sub-elects is reclaimed;

Make fertile step:The organic matter sub-elected is separated, obtains SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter, is utilized The microbial bacteria fermentation SOLID ORGANIC matter, obtains solid organic fertilizer, using the microbial bacteria fermentation liquid organic matter, obtains Liquid organic fertilizer.The present embodiment handles organic matter preferably by marsh gas treating system, obtains biogas, biogas slurry and biogas residue, and biogas residue exposes Gas ferments to obtain Liquid organic fertilizer;Biogas residue and SOLID ORGANIC matter compost fermentation obtain solid organic fertilizer.

House refuse generally can be divided into four major classes:Recyclable rubbish, garbage, Harmful Waste and other rubbish.Wherein, Recyclable rubbish includes stationery, metal, plastics, glass etc.;Garbage includes the food such as leftovers leftovers, bone, dish green tops Class waste;Harmful Waste include refuse battery, waste daylight lamp tube, useless mercurial thermometer, Expired drug etc.;Other Waste is included except upper State the discarded object that the brick and tile ceramics outside a few class rubbish, dregs, toilet waste paper etc. are difficult to reclaim.

Because house refuse contains a large amount of perishable garbages, no matter whether rubbish is packed using refuse bag, In transportation, have a large amount of rubbish and be exposed, and ooze out a large amount of percolates, so as to distribute stench.Fermentation step Rubbish is soaked with the liquid containing microbial bacteria in rapid, can not only clean rubbish, and in the presence of microbial bacteria, can be with Make melon and fruit peel, vegetation humus, dirt etc. can putrid fermentation rubbish and percolate Rapid Fermentation decompose.Fermented step Rubbish can not only remove the peculiar smell and stench of rubbish, while kill disease, reduce the growth of fly, mosquito, make rubbish without Progress that is smelly harmless, being easy to domestic garbage resource to handle.Due to containing a large amount of organic matters in house refuse, after soaking fermentation, It is easy to extract SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter.

The purpose of broken bag step is to be fully exposed the rubbish in refuse bag, is easy to the cleaning and screening of postorder Go out recyclable resource, realize domestic garbage resource.

Because different recyclable resources needs to use different recovery process to be recycled.Clean screening step Purpose is to separate inorganic matter waste product and organic matter, is easy to the progress of post-order process.

The purpose of recycling step is to reclaim not fermentable resource in inorganic matter waste product, including plastics, film, foam;Glass Glass;Metal;This recyclable resource of four classes of brickbat, debris.

The purpose for making fertile step is to reclaim fermentable organic matter, including solid organic matter and liquid using microbial bacteria fermentation State organic matter, respectively obtains solid organic fertilizer and Liquid organic fertilizer.In the present embodiment, handled using marsh gas treating system organic Matter;Solid organic matter is handled using the method for compost fermentation.

By above-mentioned technique, soaking fermentation is carried out to rubbish first with the liquid containing microbial bacteria and cleaning is fermented, Make rubbish odorless harmless.Rubbish can not only reduce garbage transporting amount after biological treatment, again can be plastic products, metal device The recyclable resource such as thing sorts out, and reaches the purpose of the recyclable resource in fully recovery rubbish.Present treatment PROCESS FOR TREATMENT into This is low, and the pollution to environment is lacked, and can greatly reduce the wasting of resources.Wherein, metallics, foam package material, glass, plastic cup Directly outer it can sell for neighbouring waste and old recovery company;The construction materials such as quartz sand can be sold to local concrete mixing plant;Plastics Bag is sold to plastic grain processing after packing and makes industrial woven bag;SOLID ORGANIC matter fertilizer and Liquid organic fertilizer can be sold to biology and have Ji Fei processing factories(Solid-state biological organic fertilizer performs Q/HSYHB-2014 company standards, and liquid biological organic fertilizer performs Q/ HSYHB11-2009 company standards), organic fertilizer is mainly used in the plantation of eucalyptus, mulberry tree.

Percolate refers to during dumping or landfill due to fermenting and the leaching of rainwater, washing away and surface water Immersion with underground water and filter out the sewage come, the content of beary metal in percolate typically can be exceeded.By above-mentioned technique, Heavy metal in Fresh Life rubbish is handled using microbial bacteria repairing method, contains the heavy metal in the percolate after processing Amount will not be exceeded, and cardinal principle is to be realized by the dissolving of microbial bacteria heavy metal, conversion with fixation:Cell membrane is metal Into the first barrier of microbial bacteria intracellular, pass through Electrostatic Absorption and functional group(Such as-COOH ,-NH2 ,-OH)The fixed gold of complexing Category.Microbial bacteria in this implementation is a kind of efficient Bacillus strain, very thick by one layer existing for its cell wall Netted peptide glycan structure, form powerful absorption heavy metal ability.

The processing system of domestic garbage resource of the present invention is made further specifically with reference to two specific embodiments It is bright.

Embodiment 1

Referring to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, embodiment 1 provides a kind of processing system of domestic garbage resource, including deodorization tank 110, for soaking rubbish and utilizing microbial bacteria fermentation rubbish;Bag-breaking machine 120, sent out for tearing to soak by deodorization tank 110 The refuse bag equipped with rubbish of ferment;Screening plant 130 is cleaned, for being cleaned to the rubbish exposed by bag-breaking machine 120 Screening, sub-elects inorganic matter waste product and organic matter;Retracting device 140, for reclaiming returning in the inorganic matter waste product sub-elected Receive resource;And fertilizer producing equipment 160, it is the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter for separating organic matter, and utilize micro- life Thing bacterium the first SOLID ORGANIC matter of fermentation obtains solid organic fertilizer, and it is organic to obtain liquid using microbial bacteria fermented liquid organic matter Fertilizer.

Wherein, microbial bacteria is added with deodorization tank 110, microbial bacteria is preferably pseudomonad, achromobacter, yellow bar Bacterium, nitrobacteria, football shirt bacterium, Beggiatoa, hair sulphur bacterium, it is mould in the obtained strain of more than two kinds of combination, decomposition Ability is strong, and fermenting speed is fast.No matter whether rubbish is packed using refuse bag, and rubbish is in transportation, and a large amount of rubbish are It is exposed through out, and oozes out a large amount of percolates, therefore rubbish distributes stench.Rubbish is immersed in deodorization tank 110, deodorization tank Microbial bacteria in 110 can decompose the percolate for having been exposed to outer garbage and oozing out, and turn into its fermentation Organic matter, have the function that fast deodorization.

Bag-breaking machine 120 is used to tear refuse bag to be completely exposed and be spread out with the rubbish in faeces bag, after convenient It is continuous to carry out cleaning screening step.

Bag-breaking machine 120 is preferably with deodorization tank 110 by conveying band connection.The top of deodorization tank 110 is preferably provided with dragging for material automatically Rubbish in deodorization tank 110 is pulled out, is positioned on conveyer belt by machine, automatic machine for fishing out;Rubbish is by conveyer belt automatic transport to broken Handled in bag machine 120.

Cleaning screening plant 130 is used to clean rubbish, and the organic matter waste product in rubbish and organic matter is generally separated. Due to containing organic matter and a small amount of dust such as substantial amounts of protein in house refuse, the effect of cleaning screening plant 130 is exactly By constantly being cleaned, being sieved to rubbish, rubbish is divided into inorganic matter waste product and organic matter.

It is integral type structure that screening plant 130, which is cleaned, preferably with bag-breaking machine 120, i.e., rubbish enters the front end progress of the structure After broken bag, immediately enter rear end and cleaned, sieved, not only floor space is small for this integral structure, and avoids rubbish from existing Dropped out when being conveyed between two mechanisms.

Retracting device 140 is used for the recyclable resource in inorganic matter waste product(Predominantly plastics, film, foam;Glass; Metal;This four class of brickbat, debris)Sort out and reclaim by several times.

Retracting device 140 is preferably obtained with cleaning screening plant 130 by conveying band connection, cleaning screening plant 130 Inorganic matter waste product is conveyed to retracting device by conveyer belt.

Fertilizer producing equipment 160 is used to organic matter being divided into the first SOLID ORGANIC matter, the second SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter, And solid organic fertilizer is obtained preferably by the first SOLID ORGANIC matter of fermentation of garbage compost area 162 and the second SOLID ORGANIC matter, preferably Liquid organic fertilizer is obtained using the fermented liquid organic matter of aeration tank 161.

Embodiment 2

Referring to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, embodiment 2 provides a kind of processing system of domestic garbage resource, including sewage disposal 170 are stood, for soaking rubbish and using the deodorization tank 110 of microbial bacteria fermentation rubbish, being soaked for tearing by deodorization tank 110 The bag-breaking machine 120 of the refuse bag equipped with rubbish of fermentation, for carrying out cleaning screen to the rubbish exposed by bag-breaking machine 120 Point, sub-elect the cleaning screening plant 130 of inorganic matter waste product and organic matter, for reclaim in the inorganic matter waste product sub-elected can The retracting device of Resource recovery;And for separating organic matter be the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter, and utilize micro- life Thing bacterium the first SOLID ORGANIC matter of fermentation obtains solid organic fertilizer, and Liquid organic fertilizer is obtained using microbial bacteria fermented liquid organic matter Fertilizer producing equipment, fermented product contain multiple-microorganism, N, P, K and organic nutrient, meet the requirement of Q/HSYHB 11-2009 standards.

In the present embodiment, cleaning screening plant 130 preferably includes the 3rd screening machine(It is not shown), and sieved to the 3rd Machine carries out the Sprayer Circulation device of microbial bacteria spray(It is not shown), Sprayer Circulation device to the 3rd screening machine including carrying out micro- life The shower nozzle of thing bacterium spray and the spray liquor collecting device for collecting spray liquid, the spray liquid that spray liquor collecting device will be collected into It is delivered to Sewage Disposal 170 to be handled, and handles in obtained water and add microbial bacteria, is conveyed into shower nozzle again.This reality Apply in example clean screening plant 130 in Sprayer Circulation device by rubbish spray rich water, can shorten rubbish fermentation when Between, and percolate is taken away in time, obtain liquid organic matter.

The effect of cleaning screening plant 130 is exactly by constantly being cleaned, being sieved to rubbish, rubbish is divided into inorganic matter The coarse fraction material and fine particle stage material of waste product and organic matter composition, the main component of coarse fraction material is inorganic matter waste product, Include the second SOLID ORGANIC matter(Coarsely graded organic matter), the main component of fine particle stage material is the first SOLID ORGANIC matter(Particulate Level organic matter)With liquid organic matter.Sewage containing dust, small queen closer etc. caused by being cleaned in the present embodiment can enter sewage Treating stations 170.

Retracting device preferably includes the first magnetic separator de-ironing 141 for reclaiming the iron in inorganic matter waste product;Pass through for broken The disintegrating machine 142 of the inorganic matter waste product of first magnetic separator de-ironing 141;And for steep for the inorganic matter waste product of disintegrating machine 142 with Isolate the sedimentation basin of supernatant and hypostasis.First magnetic separator de-ironing 141 is preferably magnetic force adsorption apparatus, cleans screening plant 130 Conveyer belt is provided between disintegrating machine 142, the first magnetic separator de-ironing 141 is arranged above conveyer belt.Coarse fraction material passes through iron removaling Afterwards, the inorganic wastes for sub-electing the large volumes such as vial, plastic cup first are reclaimed, and clout then is delivered into disintegrating machine Crushed in 142, and will it is broken after clout be conveyed into sedimentation basin 143, it is broken after clout sub-elected in sedimentation basin 143 Float and hypostasis.

Retracting device also includes being used for the supernatant in sedimentation basin 143(Predominantly plastics)The cleaning clean, pulled out is dragged for Material machine 144 and plastic granulator 145, after cleaning machine for fishing out 144 pulls plastics out, it is conveyed into plastic granulator 145 and is granulated, Realize the granulation recovery to plastics.

Retracting device also includes the first screening machine 146, and the first screening machine 146 is used to carry out the hypostasis in sedimentation basin weight Power is sieved, and sub-elects the lightweight such as wood fibre thing and heavy thing, lightweight thing directly reclaims.

Retracting device also includes being used to carry out heavy thing on broken ball mill 147;For reclaiming the heavy thing after crushing In iron the second magnetic separator de-ironing 148;For sorting the heavy thing after iron removaling as construction material and the second screening machine 149 of waste liquid; And obtain the concentrated filter 150 of the second SOLID ORGANIC matter and filtrate, concentrated filter for carrying out thickening filtration to waste liquid 150 are connected with Sewage Disposal 170, and Sewage Disposal 170 is used to collect, handle filtrate.House refuse contains brickbat and debris, It can be used as construction material, but the tenor in construction material can not be exceeded, therefore need to be removed before separating construction material Iron.

Fertilizer producing equipment preferably includes to enter for the liquid organic matter for sub-electing cleaning screening plant 130 using microbial bacteria The aeration tank 161 of row fermentation, can be with using advanced after certain density liquid organic matter is collected into aeration tank 161 Aeration mode(Ensure there are enough dissolved oxygens in aeration tank 161), make microorganism fungus kind, liquid organic matter and air fully mixed Stirring is closed, good environment is provided for microorganism fungus kind, is advantageous to the humic conversion of organic matter.In aeration tank 161, exposed in micro- oxygen In the case of gas, protein can change into amino acid using microbial bacteria, macromolecule changes into small molecule, organic matter transformation into Humic acid, organic acid change into volatile acid, gradually by waste liquid humification, through cooling, neutralize and aerobic fermentation after, conversion Into the liquid fertilizer that can be absorbed or be advantageous to crop growth by crops containing microbial bacteria and humus etc., pass through gravity flow or pump Send mode to enter end product pool, then liquid fertilizer can be transported outward and applied, farmland can be administered on demand, play increase soil fertility Effect;It can also be conveyed into Sewage Disposal 170 and be handled.

Fertilizer producing equipment also includes garbage compost area 162, for being remained after stacking the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and retracting device processing Remaining the second obtained SOLID ORGANIC matter, and fermented using microbial bacteria.Caused SOLID ORGANIC matter in above-mentioned technique is collected respectively, And garbage compost area 162 is transported to outside, recycling compost treatment is carried out to SOLID ORGANIC matter using microbial bacteria, by microbial bacteria The ability of decomposition, SOLID ORGANIC can be changed into health, tasteless humus, obtain solid organic fertilizer.Using garbage compost After processing, both solved the outlet of rubbish, and can reach the purpose of renewable resources again.

The processing system of domestic garbage resource in embodiment 2 has automaticity height, stable, treatment effeciency Height, the characteristics of non-secondary pollution.Meet NY884- using the bio-organic fertilizer product quality for handling the preparation of recycle anaerobism liquid 2014 National agricultural professional standards, in processing procedure caused rubbish coarse sand according to《Hazardous waste judging standard Leaching reflects Not》Belong to general industry solid waste.Successful utilization is western in Nanning City for the processing system of domestic garbage resource in embodiment 2 The ground such as pool area of township, Yulin City Yuzhou District, and run steadily in the long term, reach recycling, minimizing, innoxious processing intent.

The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, for the skill of this area For art personnel, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (7)

  1. A kind of 1. handling process of domestic garbage resource, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps,
    Fermentation step:Soak rubbish and fermentative deodorizing processing is carried out to the rubbish using microbial bacteria;
    Broken bag step:It will be torn by refuse bag of the fermentation step equipped with the rubbish, the rubbish be completely exposed;
    Clean screening step:Cleaning screening is carried out to the rubbish exposed Jing Guo the broken bag step, sorting obtains nothing Machine thing waste product and organic matter;
    Recycling step:Recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product that sub-elects is reclaimed;And
    Make fertile step:The organic matter sub-elected is separated, obtains SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter, utilizes micro- life The thing bacterium fermentation SOLID ORGANIC matter, obtains solid organic fertilizer, using the microbial bacteria fermentation liquid organic matter, obtains liquid Organic fertilizer;
    Wherein, the recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product sub-elected is reclaimed by retracting device, the retracting device includes:
    First magnetic separator de-ironing, for reclaiming the iron in the inorganic matter waste product;
    Disintegrating machine, for the broken inorganic matter waste product by first magnetic separator de-ironing;
    Sedimentation basin, for steeping for the inorganic matter waste product of the disintegrating machine to isolate supernatant and hypostasis;
    First screening machine, first screening machine are used to carry out the hypostasis in the sedimentation basin gravity screening, sorting Go out lightweight thing and heavy thing;
    For carrying out broken ball mill to the heavy thing;
    For reclaiming the second magnetic separator de-ironing of the iron in the heavy thing after crushing;
    For sorting the heavy thing after iron removaling as construction material and the second screening machine of waste liquid;
    And obtain the concentrated filter of the second SOLID ORGANIC matter and filtrate for carrying out thickening filtration to the waste liquid.
  2. A kind of 2. processing system of domestic garbage resource, it is characterised in that including:
    Deodorization tank, for soaking rubbish and utilizing the microbial bacteria fermentation rubbish;
    Bag-breaking machine, for tearing the refuse bag equipped with the rubbish by the deodorization tank soaking fermentation;
    Screening plant is cleaned, for carrying out cleaning screening to the rubbish exposed by the bag-breaking machine, is sub-elected inorganic Thing waste product and organic matter;
    Retracting device, for reclaiming the recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product sub-elected;And
    Fertilizer producing equipment, it is the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter for separating the organic matter, and is sent out using microbial bacteria The first SOLID ORGANIC matter obtains solid organic fertilizer described in ferment, and it is organic to obtain liquid using the microbial bacteria fermentation liquid organic matter Fertilizer;
    The retracting device includes:
    First magnetic separator de-ironing, for reclaiming the iron in the inorganic matter waste product;
    Disintegrating machine, for the broken inorganic matter waste product by first magnetic separator de-ironing;
    Sedimentation basin, for steeping for the inorganic matter waste product of the disintegrating machine to isolate supernatant and hypostasis;
    First screening machine, first screening machine are used to carry out the hypostasis in the sedimentation basin gravity screening, sorting Go out lightweight thing and heavy thing;
    For carrying out broken ball mill to the heavy thing;
    For reclaiming the second magnetic separator de-ironing of the iron in the heavy thing after crushing;
    For sorting the heavy thing after iron removaling as construction material and the second screening machine of waste liquid;
    And obtain the concentrated filter of the second SOLID ORGANIC matter and filtrate for carrying out thickening filtration to the waste liquid.
  3. 3. the processing system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the fertilizer producing equipment includes Aeration tank, for being fermented using microbial bacteria to the liquid organic matter.
  4. 4. the processing system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the retracting device also wraps Plastic granulator is included, the plastic granulator is used to the plastics in the supernatant in the sedimentation basin being granulated back Receive.
  5. 5. the processing system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the fertilizer producing equipment also wraps Garbage compost area is included, is sent out for stacking the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and the second SOLID ORGANIC matter, and using microbial bacteria Ferment.
  6. 6. the processing system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the processing system is also wrapped The Sewage Disposal being connected with the concentrated filter is included, the Sewage Disposal is used to collect, handle the filtrate.
  7. 7. the processing system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the cleaning screening plant Including the 3rd screening machine, and the Sprayer Circulation device of microbial bacteria spray is carried out to the 3rd screening machine.
CN201610098244.7A 2016-02-23 2016-02-23 The handling process and system of domestic garbage resource CN105562425B (en)

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CN106116640A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-16 浦北县科学技术开发中心 The method of comprehensive utilization of one way of life rubbish
CN106111662A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-16 浦北县科学技术开发中心 Preprocess method before one way of life garbage loading embeading
CN106363010A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-01 芜湖广仁慧环保科技有限公司 Method for classification and resource utilization of municipal solid waste
CN106513414B (en) * 2016-10-31 2018-12-11 南开大学 A kind of full recycling of domestic waste and production engineering raw material process technology and application
CN106588143A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-04-26 刘炳贤 Method for producing mixed organic fertilizer from garbage
CN106734118B (en) * 2017-02-17 2020-03-20 刘波 Treatment method of household garbage odor
CN108723062A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-11-02 浙江青草地环境科技有限公司 A kind of domestic garbage resource governing system and method
CN109127683A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-01-04 中亿丰建设集团股份有限公司 A kind of aging process for treating garbage as resource

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KR20040026156A (en) * 2002-09-23 2004-03-30 윤기하 Drying machine of organic wastes
CN1850365A (en) * 2006-05-26 2006-10-25 广州德润环保科技发展有限公司 Garbage comprehensive treatment method and apparatus
CN102039303B (en) * 2010-11-12 2012-07-04 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Municipal solid waste comprehensive treatment and recycling device
CN104070048B (en) * 2014-04-29 2019-11-29 广西鸿生源环保股份有限公司 A kind of method of domestic garbage resource processing
CN104858217B (en) * 2015-05-30 2017-12-12 杭州扬中科技有限公司 A kind of life-garbage comprehensive treatment technology

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