CN105562425A - Recycling treatment process and system for household garbage - Google Patents

Recycling treatment process and system for household garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105562425A
CN105562425A CN201610098244.7A CN201610098244A CN105562425A CN 105562425 A CN105562425 A CN 105562425A CN 201610098244 A CN201610098244 A CN 201610098244A CN 105562425 A CN105562425 A CN 105562425A
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China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
treatment
organic matter
garbage
waste
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CN201610098244.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105562425B (en
Inventor
黄敏
白洋
冯光兴
梁尚明
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Guangxi Hongshengyuan Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Guangxi Hongshengyuan Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/02Apparatus for the manufacture
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/04Biological compost
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention provides a recycling treatment process and system for household garbage, and belongs to the field of garbage treatment processes. The treatment system comprises a deodorization pond, a bag breaking machine, a cleaning and screening device, a recycling device and a fertilizer making device, wherein the deodorization pond is used for soaking garbage and fermenting the garbage by using microorganisms; the bag breaking machine is used for tearing off garbage bags; the cleaning and screening device is used for cleaning and screening garbage exposed by the bag breaking machine to separate inorganic waste from organic matters; the recycling device is used for recycling recyclable resources in the separated inorganic waste; and the fertilizer making device is used for separating the organic matters into first solid organic matters and liquid organic matters, fermenting the first solid organic matters by using the microorganisms to obtain solid organic fertilizers and fermenting the liquid organic matters by using the microorganisms to obtain liquid organic fertilizers. The microorganisms are used for treating the garbage so that the garbage can be odorless and harmless; and the garbage is separated, and the recyclable resources in the garbage are recycled fully. The treatment process is low in treatment cost, environmental pollution is low, and resource waste can be reduced greatly.

Description

The treatment process of domestic garbage resource and system
Technical field
The present invention relates to garbage treating process field, in particular to treatment process and the system of one way of life garbage as resource.
Background technology
It is reported, nearly 1.5 hundred million tons of China's municipal refuse annual production, and every year with about 8% speed increase, have the city of nearly 2/3 to be absorbed in garbage-surrounded city predicament.So far, the rubbish in many cities is still taked to stack process, without any safeguard procedures in suburbs exposed locations, mosquitos and flies evil is raw, mouse causes disaster, foul smell is boundless, a large amount of garbage leachate is permeated the ground by earth's surface, causes very large pollution, serious harm human health to air, soil, water body environment.
In order to reduce the pollution of house refuse to environment, various places all take different measures and process house refuse.Wherein waste disposal method is a landfill, and this method can effectively be dissolved a large amount of house refuse, and avoid the problem that air storage house refuse produces, garbage disposal expense is low, and method is simple.But garbage loading embeading process Problems existing is that the floor space of refuse landfill is large, service time long (being generally about 10 years), cost is high, and along with a large amount of generations of house refuse, applicable landfill yard near city is less and less, and open up remote landfill yard and greatly can improve garbage disposal expense, until city dweller cannot bear expense high like this.In addition, the direct landfill disposal of rubbish can cause the resource can recycled in rubbish to be wasted, and easily causes the secondary pollution of groundwater resources.
Another kind of waste disposal method burns, and this method is that rubbish is placed in high temperature furnace, makes wherein combustible component fully oxidized, burns the heat produced and be used for generating and heating.The advantage of incineration treatment of garbage is to the reduced training of rubbish remarkable (volume after waste incineration reduces more than 90%, and weight reduces more than 80%), more thorough to the process of rubbish.But there are some problems equally in incineration treatment of garbage: need to utilize special burning facility disposal of refuse, require that the calorific value of rubbish is greater than 3.35MJ/kg, otherwise just must add combustion adjuvant, processing cost is higher simultaneously; And, by rubbish directly burning the resource can recycled in rubbish can be caused to be wasted, and burning discharge toxic gas, can to environment.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides treatment process and the system of one way of life garbage as resource, utilize microbial bacteria to process rubbish, make its odorless harmless; Carry out sorting to rubbish, fully reclaim recyclable resource wherein, present treatment PROCESS FOR TREATMENT cost is low, few to the pollution of environment, and greatly can reduce the wasting of resources.
The present invention is achieved in that
The treatment process of one way of life garbage as resource, comprises the following steps,
Fermentation step: soak rubbish and utilize microbial bacteria to carry out fermentative deodorizing process to rubbish;
Broken bag step: refuse bag step being by fermentation equipped with rubbish is torn, and rubbish is exposed completely;
Cleaning screen is step by step: carry out cleaning screening to the rubbish exposed through broken bag step, sorting obtains inorganic matter waste product and organic matter;
Recycling step: the recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product sub-elected is reclaimed; And
Composting step: be separated the organic matter sub-elected, obtains SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid is organic, utilizes microbial bacteria fermentation solid organic, obtains solid organic fertilizer, utilizes microbial bacteria fermented liquid organic, obtains Liquid organic fertilizer.
The treatment system of one way of life garbage as resource, comprising:
Deodorization tank, for soaking rubbish and utilizing microbial bacteria fermentation rubbish;
Bag-breaking machine, for tearing the refuse bag that rubbish is housed through deodorization tank soaking fermentation;
Cleaning screen separating device, for carrying out cleaning screening to the rubbish exposed through bag-breaking machine, sub-elects inorganic matter waste product and organic matter;
Retracting device, for reclaiming the recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product that sub-elects; And
Fertilizer producing equipment is that the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid are organic for separating of organic matter, and utilizes microbial bacteria the first SOLID ORGANIC matter of fermenting to obtain solid organic fertilizer, utilizes microbial bacteria fermented liquid organic matter to obtain Liquid organic fertilizer.
Further, above-mentioned fertilizer producing equipment comprises aeration tank, ferments to liquid organic matter for utilizing microbial bacteria.
Further, above-mentioned retracting device comprises:
First magnetic separator de-ironing, for reclaiming the iron in inorganic matter waste product;
Disintegrating machine, for the inorganic matter waste product of fragmentation through the first magnetic separator de-ironing;
And
Sedimentation basin, for steeping for the inorganic matter waste product of disintegrating machine to isolate supernatant and hypostasis.
Further, above-mentioned retracting device also comprises plastic granulator, and plastic granulator is used for the plastics in the supernatant in sedimentation basin to carry out granulation recovery.
Further, above-mentioned retracting device also comprises the first screening machine, and the first screening machine is used for carrying out gravity screening to the hypostasis in sedimentation basin, sub-elects lightweight thing and heavy thing.
Further, above-mentioned retracting device also comprises the ball mill carrying out fragmentation for counterweight pledge; For reclaiming the second magnetic separator de-ironing of the iron in the heavy thing after fragmentation; For the second screening machine that the heavy thing after sorting deironing is construction material and waste liquid; And for carrying out the concentrated filter that thickening filtration obtains the second SOLID ORGANIC matter and filtrate to waste liquid.
Further, above-mentioned fertilizer producing equipment also comprises garbage compost district, for stacking the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and the second SOLID ORGANIC matter, and utilizes microbial bacteria to ferment.
Further, above-mentioned treatment system also comprises the Sewage Disposal be connected with concentrated filter, and Sewage Disposal is used for collecting, processing filtrate.
Further, above-mentioned cleaning screen separating device comprises the 3rd screening machine, and carries out the Sprayer Circulation device of microbial bacteria spray to the 3rd screening machine.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
First the present invention utilizes the organic matter in the microbial bacteria fermentation rubbish in deodorization tank, then bag-breaking machine tear garbage bags is adopted, cleaning screen separating device is adopted to clean rubbish, and be sieved into inorganic matter waste product and organic matter, then retracting device is adopted to reclaim the recyclable resource sub-elected in inorganic matter waste product, finally adopting fertilizer producing equipment to be separated organic matter is that the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid are organic, and utilize microbial bacteria the first SOLID ORGANIC matter of fermenting to obtain solid organic fertilizer, utilize microbial bacteria fermented liquid organic matter to obtain Liquid organic fertilizer.The present invention utilizes the liquid containing microbial bacteria to wash rubbish, makes its odorless harmless, decreases garbage transporting amount; Then sorting is carried out to rubbish, fully reclaim recyclable resource wherein, obtain recyclable resource, Liquid organic fertilizer and solid organic fertilizer.Processing cost of the present invention is low, few to the pollution of environment, and greatly can reduce the wasting of resources.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment below, be to be understood that, the following drawings illustrate only some embodiment of the present invention, therefore the restriction to scope should be counted as, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other relevant accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 shows the schematic flow sheet of the treatment process of the domestic garbage resource that the embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation of the treatment system of the domestic garbage resource that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides;
Fig. 3 shows the structural representation of the treatment system of the domestic garbage resource that the embodiment of the present invention 2 provides.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the object of the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.Therefore, below to the detailed description of the embodiments of the invention provided in the accompanying drawings and the claimed scope of the present invention of not intended to be limiting, but selected embodiment of the present invention is only represented.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
In describing the invention, it will be appreciated that, orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as "front", "rear" are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the present invention for convenience of description and simplified characterization, instead of indicate or imply that the equipment of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.Term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as instruction or hint relative importance or imply the quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is connected ", the term such as " connection " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or integral; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term concrete meaning in the present invention can be understood as the case may be.
Shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment provides the treatment process of one way of life garbage as resource, comprises the following steps,
Fermentation step: soak rubbish and utilize microbial bacteria to carry out fermentative deodorizing process to rubbish;
Broken bag step: refuse bag step being by fermentation equipped with rubbish is torn, and rubbish is exposed completely;
Cleaning screen is step by step: carry out cleaning screening to the rubbish exposed through broken bag step, sorting obtains inorganic matter waste product and organic matter;
Recycling step: the recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product sub-elected is reclaimed;
Composting step: be separated the described organic matter sub-elected, obtains SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic, utilizes microbial bacteria to ferment described SOLID ORGANIC matter, obtains solid organic fertilizer, utilizes the microbial bacteria described liquid that ferments organic, obtains Liquid organic fertilizer.The present embodiment preferably utilizes marsh gas treating system process organic, and obtain biogas, natural pond liquid and natural pond slag, natural pond slag aerated fermentation obtains Liquid organic fertilizer; Natural pond slag and SOLID ORGANIC matter compost fermentation obtain solid organic fertilizer.
House refuse generally can be divided into four large classes: recyclable rubbish, garbage, Harmful Waste and other rubbish.Wherein, recyclable rubbish comprises stationery, metal, plastics, glass etc.; Garbage comprises the foodstuff refuses such as leftovers leftovers, bone, dish green tops; Harmful Waste comprise refuse battery, waste daylight lamp tube, useless mercurial thermometer, Expired drug etc.; The Other Waste brick and tile pottery, dregs, toilet waste paper etc. comprised except above-mentioned a few class rubbish is difficult to the discarded object reclaimed.
Because house refuse contains a large amount of perishable garbage, no matter whether rubbish uses refuse bag to pack, and in transportation, has a large amount of rubbish and comes out, and ooze out a large amount of percolate, thus distribute stench.With containing the soaked with liquid rubbish of microbial bacteria in fermentation step, not only can clean rubbish, and under the effect of microbial bacteria, melon and fruit peel, vegetation humus, dirt etc. can be made the rubbish of putrid fermentation and percolate Rapid Fermentation to decompose.Rubbish through fermentation step not only can remove peculiar smell and the stench of rubbish, kills disease simultaneously, reduces fly, the growing of mosquito, makes rubbish odorless harmless, be convenient to the carrying out of domestic garbage resource process.A large amount of organic owing to containing in house refuse, after soaking fermentation, be convenient to SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic matter to extract.
The object of broken bag step is that the rubbish in refuse bag is come out completely, is convenient to the cleaning of postorder and sieves out recyclable resource, realizing domestic garbage resource.
Because different recyclable resources needs to use different recovery process to recycle.Cleaning screen object is step by step separated inorganic matter waste product and organic matter, is convenient to the carrying out of post-order process.
The object of recycling step reclaims not fermentable resource in inorganic matter waste product, comprises plastics, film, foam; Glass; Metal; The recyclable resource of this four class of brickbat, slag stone.
The object of composting step utilizes microbial bacteria to ferment to reclaim fermentable organic matter, comprises solid organic matter and liquid state organic matter, obtain solid organic fertilizer and Liquid organic fertilizer respectively.In the present embodiment, marsh gas treating system process can be utilized organic; Utilize the method process solid organic matter of compost fermentation.
By above-mentioned technique, first utilize the liquid containing microbial bacteria to carry out soaking fermentation and cleaning fermentation to rubbish, make rubbish odorless harmless.Rubbish, after biological treatment, can not only reduce garbage transporting amount, the recyclable resources such as plastic products, metal implements can be sorted out again, reaches the object fully reclaiming the recyclable resource in rubbish.Present treatment PROCESS FOR TREATMENT cost is low, few to the pollution of environment, greatly can reduce the wasting of resources.Wherein, metallics, foam package material, glass, plastic cup can sell for neighbouring waste and old recovery company directly outward; The construction materials such as quartz sand can sell local concrete mixing plant; Polybag sells plastic grain processing system industrial woven bag after packing; SOLID ORGANIC matter fertilizer and Liquid organic fertilizer can sell biological organic fertilizer processing factory, and (solid-state biological organic fertilizer performs Q/HSYHB-2014 company standard, liquid biological organic fertilizer performs Q/HSYHB11-2009 company standard), fertilizer is mainly used in the plantation of eucalyptus, mulberry tree.
Percolate to refer in dumping or landfill process due to the leaching of fermentation and rainwater, washes away and the immersion of surface water and groundwater and sewage caught on a filter, and the content of beary metal in percolate generally can exceed standard.By above-mentioned technique, adopt the heavy metal in microbial bacteria repairing method process Fresh Life rubbish, content of beary metal in percolate after process can not be exceeded standard, cardinal principle is by the dissolving of microbial bacteria heavy metal, transforms and fixedly realize: cell membrane is the first barrier that metal enters in microorganism mycetocyte, by Electrostatic Absorption and functional group (as-COOH ,-NH 2,-OH etc.) complexing fixing metal.Microbial bacteria in this enforcement is a kind of Bacillus strain efficiently, and the netted peptide glycan structure that the one deck existed by its cell wall is very thick, forms powerful Adsorption of Heavy Metals ability.
Be described in further detail below in conjunction with the treatment system of two specific embodiments to domestic garbage resource of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, embodiment 1 provides the treatment system of one way of life garbage as resource, comprises deodorization tank 110, for soaking rubbish and utilizing microbial bacteria fermentation rubbish; Bag-breaking machine 120, for tearing the refuse bag that rubbish is housed through deodorization tank 110 soaking fermentation; Cleaning screen separating device 130, for carrying out cleaning screening to the rubbish exposed through bag-breaking machine 120, sub-elects inorganic matter waste product and organic matter; Retracting device 140, for reclaiming the recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product that sub-elects; And fertilizer producing equipment 160, be that the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid are organic for separating of organic matter, and utilize microbial bacteria the first SOLID ORGANIC matter of fermenting to obtain solid organic fertilizer, utilize microbial bacteria fermented liquid organic matter to obtain Liquid organic fertilizer.
Wherein, microbial bacteria is added with in deodorization tank 110, microbial bacteria be preferably pseudomonad, achromobacter, Flavobacterium, nitrobacteria, football shirt bacterium, Beggiatoa, send out sulphur bacterium, mould in the bacterial classification that obtains of the combination of more than two kinds, by force, fermenting speed is fast for capacity of decomposition.No matter whether rubbish uses refuse bag to pack, and rubbish is in transportation, and a large amount of rubbish comes out, and oozes out a large amount of percolate, and therefore rubbish distributes stench.Rubbish is immersed in deodorization tank 110, and the microbial bacteria in deodorization tank 110 can decompose the percolate being exposed to outer garbage and having oozed out, and making it ferment becomes organic, reaches the effect of fast deodorization.
Bag-breaking machine 120 for refuse bag is torn so that the rubbish in bag can expose completely and spread out, facilitate follow-up carry out cleaning screening step.
Bag-breaking machine 120 is preferably connected by conveyer belt with deodorization tank 110.Preferably arrange automatic machine for fishing out above deodorization tank 110, the rubbish in deodorization tank 110 is pulled out by automatic machine for fishing out, is positioned on conveyer belt; Rubbish is processed to bag-breaking machine 120 by conveyer belt automatic transport.
Organic waste product in rubbish and organic matter for cleaning rubbish, and separate by cleaning screen separating device 130 haply.Owing to containing the organic matters such as a large amount of protein and a small amount of dust in house refuse, the effect of cleaning screen separating device 130 is exactly by constantly cleaning rubbish, sieving, and rubbish is divided into inorganic matter waste product and organic matter.
Cleaning screen separating device 130 preferably and bag-breaking machine 120 be integral type structure, namely after broken bag is carried out in the front end that rubbish enters this structure, enter rear end at once to carry out cleaning, sieving, this integral structure not only floor space is little, and drops out when avoiding rubbish to carry between two mechanisms.
Retracting device 140 is for (being mainly plastics, film, foam by the recyclable resource in inorganic matter waste product; Glass; Metal; This four class of brickbat, slag stone) gradation sorts out and reclaims.
Retracting device 140 is preferably connected by conveyer belt with cleaning screen separating device 130, the inorganic matter waste product that cleaning screen separating device 130 obtains by tape transport to retracting device.
Fertilizer producing equipment 160 is for being divided into the first SOLID ORGANIC matter, the second SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic by organic matter, and preferably utilize ferment the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and the second SOLID ORGANIC matter of garbage compost district 162 to obtain solid organic fertilizer, preferably utilize aeration tank 161 fermented liquid organic matter to obtain Liquid organic fertilizer.
Embodiment 2
Shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, embodiment 2 provides the treatment system of one way of life garbage as resource, comprise Sewage Disposal 170, for soaking rubbish and utilizing microbial bacteria to ferment the deodorization tank 110 of rubbish, for tearing the bag-breaking machine 120 that the refuse bag of rubbish is housed through deodorization tank 110 soaking fermentation, for carrying out cleaning screening to the rubbish exposed through bag-breaking machine 120, sub-elect inorganic matter waste product and organic cleaning screen separating device 130, for reclaiming the retracting device of the recyclable resource in the inorganic matter waste product that sub-elects; And be that the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid are organic for separating of organic matter, and utilize microbial bacteria the first SOLID ORGANIC matter of fermenting to obtain solid organic fertilizer, microbial bacteria fermented liquid organic matter is utilized to obtain Liquid organic fertilizer fertilizer producing equipment, fermented product contains multiple-microorganism, N, P, K and organic nutrient, meets Q/HSYHB11-2009 standard-required.
In the present embodiment, cleaning screen separating device 130 preferably includes the 3rd screening machine (not shown), and the 3rd screening machine is carried out to the Sprayer Circulation device (not shown) of microbial bacteria spray, Sprayer Circulation device comprises and carries out the shower nozzle of microbial bacteria spray and the spray liquid gathering-device for collecting spray liquid to the 3rd screening machine, the spray liquid collected is delivered to Sewage Disposal 170 and processes by spray liquid gathering-device, and process in the water that obtains and add microbial bacteria, be again conveyed into shower nozzle.Sprayer Circulation device in the present embodiment in cleaning screen separating device 130, by rubbish spray rich water, can shorten the time of rubbish fermentation, and take away percolate in time, obtain liquid organic matter.
The effect of cleaning screen separating device 130 is exactly by constantly cleaning rubbish, sieving, rubbish is divided into coarse fraction material and the fine particle stage material of inorganic matter waste product and organic composition, the main component of coarse fraction material is inorganic matter waste product, also comprise the second SOLID ORGANIC matter (coarsely graded organic matter), the main component of fine particle stage material is that the first SOLID ORGANIC matter (fine fraction is organic) and liquid are organic.The sewage containing dust, little queen closer etc. that in the present embodiment, cleaning produces can enter Sewage Disposal 170.
Retracting device preferably includes the first magnetic separator de-ironing 141 for reclaiming the iron in inorganic matter waste product; For the disintegrating machine 142 of fragmentation through the inorganic matter waste product of the first magnetic separator de-ironing 141; And for steep for disintegrating machine 142 inorganic matter waste product to isolate the sedimentation basin of supernatant and hypostasis.First magnetic separator de-ironing 141 is preferably magnetic force adsorption apparatus, is provided with conveyer belt between cleaning screen separating device 130 and disintegrating machine 142, and the first magnetic separator de-ironing 141 is arranged at above conveyer belt.Coarse fraction material is after deironing, first the inorganic wastes sub-electing the large volume such as vial, plastic cup reclaims, then clout is delivered in disintegrating machine 142 broken, and the clout after fragmentation is conveyed in sedimentation basin 143, the clout after fragmentation sub-elects supernatant and hypostasis in sedimentation basin 143.
Retracting device also comprises cleaning machine for fishing out 144 for being cleaned by the supernatant (being mainly plastics) in sedimentation basin 143, pulling out and plastic granulator 145; after cleaning machine for fishing out 144 pulls plastics out; be conveyed in plastic granulator 145 and carry out granulation, realize reclaiming the granulation of plastics.
Retracting device also comprises the first screening machine 146, first screening machine 146 for carrying out gravity screening to the hypostasis in sedimentation basin, and sub-elect the lightweight things such as wood fibre and heavy thing, lightweight thing directly reclaims.
Retracting device also comprises the ball mill 147 carrying out fragmentation for counterweight pledge; For reclaiming the second magnetic separator de-ironing 148 of the iron in the heavy thing after fragmentation; For the second screening machine 149 that the heavy thing after sorting deironing is construction material and waste liquid; And for carrying out the concentrated filter 150 that thickening filtration obtains the second SOLID ORGANIC matter and filtrate to waste liquid, concentrated filter 150 is connected with Sewage Disposal 170, Sewage Disposal 170 is for collecting, processing filtrate.House refuse contains brickbat and slag stone, can be used as construction material, but the tenor in construction material can not exceed standard, and needs to carry out deironing before therefore separating construction material.
Fertilizer producing equipment preferably includes the aeration tank 161 for utilizing microbial bacteria to ferment to the liquid organic matter that cleaning screen separating device 130 sub-elects, after collecting certain density liquid organic matter in aeration tank 161, just advanced aeration mode (ensureing there are enough dissolved oxygens in aeration tank 161) can be adopted, make microorganism fungus kind, the liquid organic and abundant mix and blend of air, for microorganism fungus kind provides good environment, be conducive to organic humic and transform.In aeration tank 161, when micro-oxygen aeration, utilize microbial bacteria protein transduction can be changed into amino acid, macromolecule changes into Small molecular, organic matter transformation becomes humic acid, organic acid changes into volatile acid, gradually by waste liquid humification, after cooling, neutralization and aerobic fermentation, change into the liquid fertilizer that can be absorbed or be conducive to crop growth containing microbial bacteria and humus etc. by crops, enter end product pool by gravity flow or pumping mode, then liquid fertilizer outward transport can be used, farmland can be administered to as required, play the effect increasing soil fertility; Also can be conveyed in Sewage Disposal 170 and process.
Fertilizer producing equipment also comprises garbage compost district 162, remains the second SOLID ORGANIC matter obtained, and utilize microbial bacteria to ferment after stacking the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and retracting device process.Collect the SOLID ORGANIC matter produced in above-mentioned technique respectively, and be transported to garbage compost district 162 outward, utilize microbial bacteria to carry out resource compost treatment to SOLID ORGANIC matter, by the ability that microbial bacteria decomposes, SOLID ORGANIC can be changed into health, tasteless humus, obtain solid organic fertilizer.After adopting garbage compost process, both solved the outlet of rubbish, the object of renewable resources can have been reached again.
It is high, stable that the treatment system of the domestic garbage resource in embodiment 2 has automaticity, and treatment effeciency is high, the feature of non-secondary pollution.The biological organic fertilizer product quality utilizing disposal of refuse circulation anaerobic liquid to prepare meets NY884-2014 National agricultural professional standard, and the rubbish coarse sand produced in processing procedure belongs to general industry solid waste according to " hazardous waste judging standard leaching characteristic identification ".The treatment system of the domestic garbage resource in embodiment 2 Successful utilization, in Xixiangtang District, Nanning City, Yulin City Yuzhou District and other places, and steady in a long-termly to be run, and reaches resource, minimizing, innoxious processing intent.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the treatment process of one way of life garbage as resource, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps,
Fermentation step: soak rubbish and utilize microbial bacteria to carry out fermentative deodorizing process to described rubbish;
Broken bag step: the refuse bag that described rubbish is housed through described fermentation step is torn, described rubbish is exposed completely;
Cleaning screen is step by step: carry out cleaning screening to the described rubbish exposed through described broken bag step, sorting obtains inorganic matter waste product and organic matter;
Recycling step: the recyclable resource in the described inorganic matter waste product sub-elected is reclaimed; And
Composting step: be separated the described organic matter sub-elected, obtains SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid organic, utilizes microbial bacteria to ferment described SOLID ORGANIC matter, obtains solid organic fertilizer, utilizes the microbial bacteria described liquid that ferments organic, obtains Liquid organic fertilizer.
2. the treatment system of one way of life garbage as resource, is characterized in that, comprising:
Deodorization tank, for soaking rubbish and utilizing microbial bacteria to ferment described rubbish;
Bag-breaking machine, for tearing the refuse bag that described rubbish is housed through described deodorization tank soaking fermentation;
Cleaning screen separating device, for carrying out cleaning screening to the described rubbish exposed through described bag-breaking machine, sub-elects inorganic matter waste product and organic matter;
Retracting device, for reclaiming the recyclable resource in the described inorganic matter waste product that sub-elects; And
Fertilizer producing equipment is that the first SOLID ORGANIC matter and liquid are organic for separating of described organic matter, and utilizes microbial bacteria described first SOLID ORGANIC matter of fermenting to obtain solid organic fertilizer, utilizes the microbial bacteria described liquid organic matter that ferments to obtain Liquid organic fertilizer.
3. the treatment system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described fertilizer producing equipment comprises aeration tank, ferments to described liquid organic matter for utilizing microbial bacteria.
4. the treatment system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described retracting device comprises:
First magnetic separator de-ironing, for reclaiming the iron in described inorganic matter waste product;
Disintegrating machine, for the described inorganic matter waste product of fragmentation through described first magnetic separator de-ironing; And
Sedimentation basin, for steeping for the described inorganic matter waste product of described disintegrating machine to isolate supernatant and hypostasis.
5. the treatment system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described retracting device also comprises plastic granulator, and described plastic granulator is used for the plastics in the described supernatant in described sedimentation basin to carry out granulation recovery.
6. the treatment system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described retracting device also comprises the first screening machine, and described first screening machine is used for carrying out gravity screening to the described hypostasis in described sedimentation basin, sub-elects lightweight thing and heavy thing.
7. the treatment system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described retracting device also comprises for carrying out broken ball mill to described heavy thing; For reclaiming the second magnetic separator de-ironing of the iron in the described heavy thing after fragmentation; For the second screening machine that the described heavy thing after sorting deironing is construction material and waste liquid; And for carrying out the concentrated filter that thickening filtration obtains the second SOLID ORGANIC matter and filtrate to described waste liquid.
8. the treatment system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described fertilizer producing equipment also comprises garbage compost district, for stacking described first SOLID ORGANIC matter and described second SOLID ORGANIC matter, and utilizes microbial bacteria to ferment.
9. the treatment system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described treatment system also comprises the Sewage Disposal be connected with described concentrated filter, and described Sewage Disposal is used for collecting, processing described filtrate.
10. the treatment system of domestic garbage resource according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described cleaning screen separating device comprises the 3rd screening machine, and carries out the Sprayer Circulation device of microbial bacteria spray to described 3rd screening machine.
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