CN106216064B - A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function - Google Patents

A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106216064B
CN106216064B CN201610606783.7A CN201610606783A CN106216064B CN 106216064 B CN106216064 B CN 106216064B CN 201610606783 A CN201610606783 A CN 201610606783A CN 106216064 B CN106216064 B CN 106216064B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
belt
voussoir
arranged
hydraulic
breaker
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CN201610606783.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106216064A (en
Inventor
杜凤平
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福建灵方生物技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201610606783.7A priority Critical patent/CN106216064B/en
Publication of CN106216064A publication Critical patent/CN106216064A/en
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Publication of CN106216064B publication Critical patent/CN106216064B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B69/00Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for
    • B65B69/0033Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for by cutting
    • B65B69/0041Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for by cutting by puncturing

Abstract

A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function, it is characterized in that, including hopper, hydraulic puncture pin, housing, transfer belt, the first breaker, the second breaker, air port and belt conveyor;2 hydraulic puncture pins are arranged symmetrically on the side wall of hopper, are hydraulically operated and are done round-trip lancing motion, for carrying out broken bag to the satchel contained in material;The transfer belt is arranged in housing, and first breaker sets the upper right side of transfer strap end, to that will fall into the material of outlet of housing tentatively crush, first breaker includes rotating cylinder and the multiple rib knives being arranged on rotating cylinder;Second breaker is arranged in the outlet of housing, including horizontally disposed shaft and multiple crushing cutters for being arranged in shaft;The material come out by the outlet of housing is entered on belt conveyor, and storage bin is conveyed to by belt conveyor.

Description

A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function

Technical field

The present invention relates to material process field, and in particular to a kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function.

Background technology

In the processing of material, it is one of them critically important processing step to crush.Rubbish in particular for burning etc. contains The material of plurality of impurities, even more needs a relatively effective break process process, it is therefore necessary to which design is a kind of effective Material crushing device.In addition, the problem of security in the long-distance transportation of material is also one important.

The content of the invention

In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function.

The purpose of the present invention is realized using following technical scheme:

A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function, including hopper, hydraulic puncture pin, housing, transfer belt, First breaker, the second breaker, air port and belt conveyor;2 hydraulic puncture pins are arranged symmetrically in hopper Side wall on, be hydraulically operated and do round-trip lancing motion, for carrying out broken bag to the satchel that contains in material;The transfer skin Band is arranged in housing, and first breaker sets the upper right side of transfer strap end, the outlet to that will fall into housing Material carry out tentatively broken, first breaker includes rotating cylinder and the multiple rib knives being arranged on rotating cylinder;Described second Breaker is arranged in the outlet of housing, including horizontally disposed shaft and multiple crushing cutters for being arranged in shaft;By shell The material of the outlet of body out is entered on belt conveyor, and storage bin is conveyed to by belt conveyor.

Beneficial effect:After the multiple stage crushing processing of hydraulic puncture pin, the first breaker, the second breaker, thing Material can be effectively performed broken bag, crush, and provide condition for process below, and mechanism is simple and practical, is conducive to promote.

Brief description of the drawings

Using attached drawing, the invention will be further described, but the embodiment in attached drawing does not form any limit to the present invention System, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can also obtain according to the following drawings Other attached drawings.

Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the overall structure diagram of belt conveyor;

Fig. 3 is the mechanical mechanism overall schematic of belt break protection device;

Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of hydraulic control system;

Fig. 5 is the front view of belt break protection device;

Fig. 6 is the cross sectional plan view of belt break protection device;

Fig. 7 is movement schematic diagram of the upper voussoir in the case of two kinds of actions.

Reference numeral:Driving drum -9;Belt -10;Carrying roller -11;Belt break protection device -12;Rack -13;Pull rod -14; Shaft -15;Upper voussoir -16;The first sliding groove -17;Lower wedge block -18;Voussoir body -19;Convex block -20;Hydraulic cylinder -21;Accumulator- 22;Electro-hydraulic reversing valve -23;Two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve -24;Relief valve -25;Hydraulic oil pump -26;Rod chamber -27;Without bar Chamber -28;Overflow valve -29;Second sliding slot -30;Block piece -31;Emergent voussoir -32;Minitype cylinder -33;Breech block -34;Card slot- 35;Contact site -36;Holding section -37;Locking groove -38;Control valve -39;Locking connecting rod -40;Hose -41;Shell -42;Line Circle -43;Giant magnetostrictive rod -44;Distance rod -45;Fixed link -46;Hopper -100;Hydraulic puncture pin -200;Housing -300;In Turn belt -400;First breaker -500;Second breaker -600;Air port -700;Belt conveyor -800;Rotating cylinder- 900;Rib knife -1000;Shaft -1100;Crushing cutter -1200.

Embodiment

The invention will be further described with the following Examples.

Application scenarios 1:

A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function as shown in Figure 1, including hopper 100, hydraulic puncture pin 200th, housing 300, transfer belt 400, the first breaker 500, the second breaker 600, air port 700 and belt conveyor 800;2 hydraulic puncture pins 200 are arranged symmetrically on the side wall of hopper 100, are hydraulically operated and are done round-trip lancing motion, are used The satchel contained in material carries out broken bag;The transfer belt 400 is arranged in housing 300, the described first broken dress The upper right side of 500 setting transfer strap ends is put, to the material of outlet of housing 300 will be fallen into tentatively crush, it is described First breaker 500 includes rotating cylinder 900 and the multiple rib knives 1000 being arranged on rotating cylinder 900;Second breaker 600 It is arranged in the outlet of housing 300, including horizontally disposed shaft 1100 and multiple crushing cutters for being arranged in shaft 1100 1200;The material come out by the outlet of housing 300 is entered on belt conveyor 800, and storing is conveyed to by belt conveyor 800 Storehouse (not shown).

After the multiple stage crushing processing that the present invention passes through hydraulic puncture pin, the first breaker, the second breaker, material energy Broken bag is enough effectively performed, crushes, provides condition for process below, and mechanism is simple and practical, is conducive to promote.

Preferably, the rotating cylinder 900 and shaft 1100 drive by motor rotates.

Preferably, the air port 700 obliquely sets the upper right side of the second breaker 600, for crushing cutter Flexible thing of hanging on 1200 is cleared up.

Preferably, as shown in Fig. 2, belt conveyor 800 is included by the driving drum 9 of Rolling motor driving, belt 10, carrying roller 11st, tensioning apparatus and belt break protection device 12, driving drum 9 are used to provide driving force for belt 10, and carrying roller 11 is used for belt 10 are carried and are supported, and tensioning apparatus is using tensioning trolley (prior art, figure not shown in) tensioning.Long distance delivery belt One of maximum accident is exactly broken belt caused by vibration, it is therefore necessary to sets broken belt protector.Multiple belt break protection devices 12 are used to work as Belt 10 occur broken belt when protection, it include broken belt executing agency, hydraulic control system, multi signal control system and it is spare break Band protection system, as shown in figure 3, broken belt executing agency includes rack 13, pull rod 14, shaft 15, upper voussoir 16, the first sliding groove 17 With lower wedge block 18, rack 13 has 2 and is arranged symmetrically in the both sides of belt 10, and shaft 15 is arranged between 2 racks, it can be certainly By rotating.The angle that the first sliding groove 17 is arranged in rack 13 and between belt 10 is 15 ° (even if upper voussoir 16 is at this time Free state will not slide along the first sliding groove 17, at the same upper voussoir 16 along the second sliding slot 30 slide when to the vibration force of rack 13 Less than the 20% of permissible value (being determined by experiment)), upper voussoir 16 includes voussoir body 19 and is arranged on 19 both ends of voussoir body Convex block 20, convex block 20 places through the first sliding groove 17, lower surface and the 10 place plane phase of belt of voussoir body 19 (see Fig. 7) It is mutually parallel.Lower wedge block 18 is arranged on the underface of 17 end of the first sliding groove and under belt 10.

As shown in figure 4, hydraulic control system includes hydraulic cylinder 21, accumulator 22, electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23, two-bit triplet commutation Solenoid valve 24, relief valve 25 and hydraulic oil pump 26, hydraulic cylinder 21 are connected by pull rod 14 with upper voussoir 16, and pull rod 14 is passed through and turned Axis 15.Hydraulic oil pump 26 is connected with the rod chamber 27 and electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 of hydraulic cylinder 21 respectively by non-return valve, accumulator 22 It is connected to by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 on the outlet conduit of hydraulic oil pump 26, the entrance of two-bit triplet solenoid valve 24 and electro-hydraulic commutation Valve 23 is connected, and 2 outlets are connected with rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 respectively.The confession of the rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 of hydraulic cylinder 21 It is also respectively provided with oil pipe line all the way to without oily pipeline is pushed back, relief valve 25, relief valve 25 is respectively arranged with the pipeline Remained turned-off when normal, relief valve 25 is opened when spare breakage protection system starts (in order to reduce the influence to build the pressure, scuffing of cylinder bore 14 25 pressure release of relief valve of 28 side of rodless cavity can be opened during contraction;Otherwise pull rod 14 can open letting out for 27 side of rod chamber when stretching out 25 pressure release of pressure valve).Overflow valve 29 is also parallel with hydraulic oil pump 26.Belt conveyor 800 is in normal course of operation, accumulator 22 The rod chamber 27 fuel feeding (electricity shown in Fig. 4 by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 and from two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 to hydraulic cylinder 21 Position of the position of liquid reversal valve 23 for accumulator 22 when oil-filled), hydraulic cylinder 21 is in retracted mode;When broken belt occurs, cut Change the position of two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24, accumulator 22 by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 and two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 to 28 fuel feeding of rodless cavity, pull rod 14 is pushed out the end so as to drive voussoir 16 to move downwardly to the first sliding groove 17, in upper voussoir 16 with locking belt 10 under the collective effect of lower wedge block 18;When pull rod 14 needs to retract, hydraulic oil pump 26 starts to rod chamber 27 provide pressure oil, while the position for switching electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 gives accumulator 22 filling liquid, when system pressure reaches setting value, Hydraulic oil pump 26 is out of service, and into packing stage, accumulator 22 plays the role of replenishment system leakage at this time.The hydraulic control System hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 acts is idle, it is only necessary to start hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 is retracted, Short time duty is realized, has reached energy saving effect.

As shown in Fig. 3,5,6, for spare breakage protection system independently of hydraulic control system, it includes the second sliding slot 30, resistance Block piece 31, emergent voussoir 32, minitype cylinder 33, Breech block 34 and super mangneto tensioning system.Second sliding slot 30 is arranged on rack 13 Go up and be connected with the first sliding groove 17, and it is located at upper 16 top dead center position of voussoir and (goes up voussoir when i.e. hydraulic cylinder 21 is shunk in place 16 position) lower section, two sides of the second sliding slot 30 are parallel to each other with two sides of upper voussoir 16, and extend to In plane where belt 10, two card slots 35 are also protruding with laterally respectively on two sides of the second sliding slot 30.Block piece 31 are located in the second sliding slot 30 when spare breakage protection system is not operating, it includes contact site 36 and holding section 37, contact site 36 upper surface has the angle of inclination identical with the first sliding groove 17, and is in close contact with the lower surface of upper voussoir 16.Holding section 37 are fastened in card slot 35, and the left end of holding section 37 is provided with the locking groove 38 being used cooperatively with Breech block 34.By control valve The minitype cylinder 33 of 39 supply, which is inlayed, to be fixed in rack 13, and the piston of minitype cylinder 33 passes through locking connecting rod 40 and Breech block 34 are connected, and Breech block 34 is arranged in the hollow interlayer (not shown) of rack 13, and the thickness of Breech block 34 is less than locking The thickness of groove 38.The steam line of minitype cylinder 33 is connected using the hose 41 with surplus length, for ensureing that upper voussoir 16 falls Hose 41 does not limit the movement of voussoir when entering the second sliding slot 30.Emergent voussoir 32 is set parallel to lower wedge block 18, and positioned at the The lower section of two sliding slots 30.Super mangneto tensioning system includes shell 42, coil 43, giant magnetostrictive rod 44 and distance rod 45, shell 42 are fixed and (can be fixed on ground or crane span structure) by fixed link 46, and coil 43 and giant magnetostrictive rod 44 are arranged at shell 42 It is interior, and giant magnetostrictive rod 44 is sleeved in coil 43.One end of giant magnetostrictive rod 44 is fixed on the bottom wall of shell 42, separately One end and distance rod 45 are affixed, and the side of the other end and block piece 31 of distance rod 45 is affixed.The limit of giant magnetostrictive rod 44 Collapsing length is more than the sum of thickness of block piece 31 and convex block, 16 energy of upper voussoir during for ensureing spare breakage protection system action Smoothly slide.When spare breakage protection system is not operating, it is passed through in coil 43 so that the orientation electricity that giant magnetostrictive rod 44 extends Stream (ensures axis direction of the flow direction along giant magnetostrictive rod 44), and block piece 31 is fastened in the second sliding slot 30, And Breech block 34 is inserted into locking groove 38 under the control of minitype cylinder 33, for preventing because the malfunction of super mangneto tensioning system is led Cause block piece 31 to pull out and voussoir 16 is slid by mistake along the second sliding slot 30.When spare breakage protection system acts, multi signal Controller sends a signal to control valve 39 first, and control valve 39 controls the piston of minitype cylinder 33 to move out so that Breech block 34 Depart from locking groove 38, and open relief valve 25 so that the oil pressure of rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 is laid down, voussoir 16 is in oneself By state, while multi signal controller sends a signal to power switch cut-out 43 electric current of coil of coil 43, and super mangneto is stretched at this time Contracting rod 44 shortens because driving current is lost, and block piece 36 is drawn out, and upper voussoir 16 falls under the action of own wt Two sliding slots 30, and the top of emergent voussoir 32 is eventually fallen in, upper voussoir 16 and 32 collective effect of emergent voussoir locking belt 10.By It is the curvilinear motion that approximate micro- arc-shaped is done along shaft 15 when upper voussoir 16 falls, therefore the width of emergent voussoir 32 should be big In the width of lower wedge block 18 to ensure that upper voussoir 16 and emergent voussoir 32 have enough contacts area, while the width of the second sliding slot 30 Degree should be sufficiently wide, to ensure that above voussoir 16 can smoothly fall and be contacted with emergent voussoir 32, but in fact due to hydraulic cylinder 21 and the weight of pull rod 14 be very little for the weight of upper voussoir 16, inventor has found upper voussoir in fact in an experiment 16 tracks fallen very near linear, the position after falling be enough to ensure that between voussoir 16 and emergent voussoir 32 have it is enough Contact surface, as long as and upper voussoir 16 weight it is enough, that is, cause to fall and break curve slightly deviation, under fall behind in the weight of voussoir 16 Can also be automatically adjusted under effect ensure upper voussoir 16 lower surface can flat contact meet an urgent need voussoir 32.Fig. 7 gives voussoir 16 Movement line during action.

In the present embodiment, (1) devises new hydraulic control system, and the hydraulic control system is when hydraulic cylinder 21 acts Hydraulic oil pump 26 is idle, it is only necessary to starts hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 is retracted, realizes short time duty, reach Energy saving effect;(2) a set of spare breakage protection system independently of hydraulic control system is have developed, if single rely on liquid The thrust of cylinder pressure 21 realizes upper voussoir 16 and lower wedge block 18 locking belt 10, although can meet the requirement of broken belt protector substantially, But once broken belt failure occurs for some component (such as hydraulic cylinder 21 or oil pipe line) failure in hydraulic system, belt conveyor When will be unable to be protected, when non-dominant hydraulic control system failure especially occurs, operations staff is not easy to discover, and waits until Broken belt has had little time to handle hydraulic system fault when occurring, this will bring very big potential hazard to the operation of belt conveyor, And the setting of spare breakage protection system can effectively solve the problems, such as this;(3) broken belt protector is realized using super mangneto tensioning system Action, action is precisely sensitive, can effectively contract protection short actuation time;Breech block 34 is also provided with the same time to prevent super mangneto from drawing The malfunction of system is stretched, effectively reduces the malfunction of system;The angle that the first sliding groove is arranged in rack and between belt is 15 °, upper voussoir 16 is less than the vibration force of rack 13 the 20% of permissible value when being slid along the second sliding slot 30.

Preferably, the generation of erroneous judgement band in order to prevent, multi signal controller receive at the same time Rolling motor current signal, The tension signal of tensioning apparatus, the tach signal for being tensioned trolley position signal and belt 10, when 4 kinds of signals exceed respective set During definite value, send a signal to two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 and start hydraulic control system to drive upper voussoir 16 to stretch out, through prolonging Shi Hou, the position signal of upper voussoir 16 is received by the displacement sensor being arranged on upper voussoir 16, and voussoir 16 still exists in judgement The power switch of control valve 39, relief valve 25 and coil 43 is sent a signal to when in situ respectively, starts spare breakage protection system.

In the present embodiment, using multi signal come trigger protection device, while hydraulic pressure control is connected by displacement sensor System processed and spare breakage protection system, reliable in action are efficient.

Preferably due to upper voussoir 16 is fallen along the circuit of near linear during spare breakage protection system action, because This vibration to rack 13 is much bigger than when falling along the first sliding groove 17, so doing following setting:Assuming that shared N number of broken belt is protected Protection unit, then n-th of spare breakage protection system action of first triggering at the same time during spare breakage protection system action, wherein n is strange Number and n+1≤N;It is delayed after 2s, while triggers (n+1)th spare breakage protection system action.In other words, singular item is spare disconnected Band protection system first acts, and then acts the spare breakage protection system of even item, had so not only met the demand of protection, but also energy Prevent excessive vibration disposable to rack 13 from causing the deformation of rack 13 or even being broken.

In the present embodiment, it is contemplated that the vibration force of rack 13, use are moved in batches during spare breakage protection system action The mode of work reduces vibration force, not only ensure that protection reliability but also reduces the damage to rack 13.

Application scenarios 2:

A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function as shown in Figure 1, including hopper 100, hydraulic puncture pin 200th, housing 300, transfer belt 400, the first breaker 500, the second breaker 600, air port 700 and belt conveyor 800;2 hydraulic puncture pins 200 are arranged symmetrically on the side wall of hopper 100, are hydraulically operated and are done round-trip lancing motion, are used The satchel contained in material carries out broken bag;The transfer belt 400 is arranged in housing 300, the described first broken dress The upper right side of 500 setting transfer strap ends is put, to the material of outlet of housing 300 will be fallen into tentatively crush, it is described First breaker 500 includes rotating cylinder 900 and the multiple rib knives 1000 being arranged on rotating cylinder 900;Second breaker 600 It is arranged in the outlet of housing 300, including horizontally disposed shaft 1100 and multiple crushing cutters for being arranged in shaft 1100 1200;The material come out by the outlet of housing 300 is entered on belt conveyor 800, and storing is conveyed to by belt conveyor 800 Storehouse (not shown).

After the multiple stage crushing processing that the present invention passes through hydraulic puncture pin, the first breaker, the second breaker, material energy Broken bag is enough effectively performed, crushes, provides condition for process below, and mechanism is simple and practical, is conducive to promote.

Preferably, the rotating cylinder 900 and shaft 1100 drive by motor rotates.

Preferably, the air port 700 obliquely sets the upper right side of the second breaker 600, for crushing cutter Flexible thing of hanging on 1200 is cleared up.

Preferably, as shown in Fig. 2, belt conveyor 800 is included by the driving drum 9 of Rolling motor driving, belt 10, carrying roller 11st, tensioning apparatus and belt break protection device 12, driving drum 9 are used to provide driving force for belt 10, and carrying roller 11 is used for belt 10 are carried and are supported, and tensioning apparatus is using tensioning trolley (prior art, figure not shown in) tensioning.Long distance delivery belt One of maximum accident is exactly broken belt caused by vibration, it is therefore necessary to sets broken belt protector.Multiple belt break protection devices 12 are used to work as Belt 10 occur broken belt when protection, it include broken belt executing agency, hydraulic control system, multi signal control system and it is spare break Band protection system, as shown in figure 3, broken belt executing agency includes rack 13, pull rod 14, shaft 15, upper voussoir 16, the first sliding groove 17 With lower wedge block 18, rack 13 has 2 and is arranged symmetrically in the both sides of belt 10, and shaft 15 is arranged between 2 racks, it can be certainly By rotating.The angle that the first sliding groove 17 is arranged in rack 13 and between belt 10 is 14 ° (even if upper voussoir 16 is at this time Free state will not slide along the first sliding groove 17, at the same upper voussoir 16 along the second sliding slot 30 slide when to the vibration force of rack 13 Less than the 22% of permissible value (being determined by experiment)), upper voussoir 16 includes voussoir body 19 and is arranged on 19 both ends of voussoir body Convex block 20, convex block 20 places through the first sliding groove 17, lower surface and the 10 place plane phase of belt of voussoir body 19 (see Fig. 7) It is mutually parallel.Lower wedge block 18 is arranged on the underface of 17 end of the first sliding groove and under belt 10.

As shown in figure 4, hydraulic control system includes hydraulic cylinder 21, accumulator 22, electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23, two-bit triplet commutation Solenoid valve 24, relief valve 25 and hydraulic oil pump 26, hydraulic cylinder 21 are connected by pull rod 14 with upper voussoir 16, and pull rod 14 is passed through and turned Axis 15.Hydraulic oil pump 26 is connected with the rod chamber 27 and electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 of hydraulic cylinder 21 respectively by non-return valve, accumulator 22 It is connected to by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 on the outlet conduit of hydraulic oil pump 26, the entrance of two-bit triplet solenoid valve 24 and electro-hydraulic commutation Valve 23 is connected, and 2 outlets are connected with rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 respectively.The confession of the rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 of hydraulic cylinder 21 It is also respectively provided with oil pipe line all the way to without oily pipeline is pushed back, relief valve 25, relief valve 25 is respectively arranged with the pipeline Remained turned-off when normal, relief valve 25 is opened when spare breakage protection system starts (in order to reduce the influence to build the pressure, scuffing of cylinder bore 14 25 pressure release of relief valve of 28 side of rodless cavity can be opened during contraction;Otherwise pull rod 14 can open letting out for 27 side of rod chamber when stretching out 25 pressure release of pressure valve).Overflow valve 29 is also parallel with hydraulic oil pump 26.Belt conveyor 800 is in normal course of operation, accumulator 22 The rod chamber 27 fuel feeding (electricity shown in Fig. 4 by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 and from two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 to hydraulic cylinder 21 Position of the position of liquid reversal valve 23 for accumulator 22 when oil-filled), hydraulic cylinder 21 is in retracted mode;When broken belt occurs, cut Change the position of two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24, accumulator 22 by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 and two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 to 28 fuel feeding of rodless cavity, pull rod 14 is pushed out the end so as to drive voussoir 16 to move downwardly to the first sliding groove 17, in upper voussoir 16 with locking belt 10 under the collective effect of lower wedge block 18;When pull rod 14 needs to retract, hydraulic oil pump 26 starts to rod chamber 27 provide pressure oil, while the position for switching electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 gives accumulator 22 filling liquid, when system pressure reaches setting value, Hydraulic oil pump 26 is out of service, and into packing stage, accumulator 22 plays the role of replenishment system leakage at this time.The hydraulic control System hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 acts is idle, it is only necessary to start hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 is retracted, Short time duty is realized, has reached energy saving effect.

As shown in Fig. 3,5,6, for spare breakage protection system independently of hydraulic control system, it includes the second sliding slot 30, resistance Block piece 31, emergent voussoir 32, minitype cylinder 33, Breech block 34 and super mangneto tensioning system.Second sliding slot 30 is arranged on rack 13 Go up and be connected with the first sliding groove 17, and it is located at upper 16 top dead center position of voussoir and (goes up voussoir when i.e. hydraulic cylinder 21 is shunk in place 16 position) lower section, two sides of the second sliding slot 30 are parallel to each other with two sides of upper voussoir 16, and extend to In plane where belt 10, two card slots 35 are also protruding with laterally respectively on two sides of the second sliding slot 30.Block piece 31 are located in the second sliding slot 30 when spare breakage protection system is not operating, it includes contact site 36 and holding section 37, contact site 36 upper surface has the angle of inclination identical with the first sliding groove 17, and is in close contact with the lower surface of upper voussoir 16.Holding section 37 are fastened in card slot 35, and the left end of holding section 37 is provided with the locking groove 38 being used cooperatively with Breech block 34.By control valve The minitype cylinder 33 of 39 supply, which is inlayed, to be fixed in rack 13, and the piston of minitype cylinder 33 passes through locking connecting rod 40 and Breech block 34 are connected, and Breech block 34 is arranged in the hollow interlayer (not shown) of rack 13, and the thickness of Breech block 34 is less than locking The thickness of groove 38.The steam line of minitype cylinder 33 is connected using the hose 41 with surplus length, for ensureing that upper voussoir 16 falls Hose 41 does not limit the movement of voussoir when entering the second sliding slot 30.Emergent voussoir 32 is set parallel to lower wedge block 18, and positioned at the The lower section of two sliding slots 30.Super mangneto tensioning system includes shell 42, coil 43, giant magnetostrictive rod 44 and distance rod 45, shell 42 are fixed and (can be fixed on ground or crane span structure) by fixed link 46, and coil 43 and giant magnetostrictive rod 44 are arranged at shell 42 It is interior, and giant magnetostrictive rod 44 is sleeved in coil 43.One end of giant magnetostrictive rod 44 is fixed on the bottom wall of shell 42, separately One end and distance rod 45 are affixed, and the side of the other end and block piece 31 of distance rod 45 is affixed.The limit of giant magnetostrictive rod 44 Collapsing length is more than the sum of thickness of block piece 31 and convex block, 16 energy of upper voussoir during for ensureing spare breakage protection system action Smoothly slide.When spare breakage protection system is not operating, it is passed through in coil 43 so that the orientation electricity that giant magnetostrictive rod 44 extends Stream (ensures axis direction of the flow direction along giant magnetostrictive rod 44), and block piece 31 is fastened in the second sliding slot 30, And Breech block 34 is inserted into locking groove 38 under the control of minitype cylinder 33, for preventing because the malfunction of super mangneto tensioning system is led Cause block piece 31 to pull out and voussoir 16 is slid by mistake along the second sliding slot 30.When spare breakage protection system acts, multi signal Controller sends a signal to control valve 39 first, and control valve 39 controls the piston of minitype cylinder 33 to move out so that Breech block 34 Depart from locking groove 38, and open relief valve 25 so that the oil pressure of rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 is laid down, voussoir 16 is in oneself By state, while multi signal controller sends a signal to power switch cut-out 43 electric current of coil of coil 43, and super mangneto is stretched at this time Contracting rod 44 shortens because driving current is lost, and block piece 36 is drawn out, and upper voussoir 16 falls under the action of own wt Two sliding slots 30, and the top of emergent voussoir 32 is eventually fallen in, upper voussoir 16 and 32 collective effect of emergent voussoir locking belt 10.By It is the curvilinear motion that approximate micro- arc-shaped is done along shaft 15 when upper voussoir 16 falls, therefore the width of emergent voussoir 32 should be big In the width of lower wedge block 18 to ensure that upper voussoir 16 and emergent voussoir 32 have enough contacts area, while the width of the second sliding slot 30 Degree should be sufficiently wide, to ensure that above voussoir 16 can smoothly fall and be contacted with emergent voussoir 32, but in fact due to hydraulic cylinder 21 and the weight of pull rod 14 be very little for the weight of upper voussoir 16, inventor has found upper voussoir in fact in an experiment 16 tracks fallen very near linear, the position after falling be enough to ensure that between voussoir 16 and emergent voussoir 32 have it is enough Contact surface, as long as and upper voussoir 16 weight it is enough, that is, cause to fall and break curve slightly deviation, under fall behind in the weight of voussoir 16 Can also be automatically adjusted under effect ensure upper voussoir 16 lower surface can flat contact meet an urgent need voussoir 32.Fig. 7 gives voussoir 16 Movement line during action.

In the present embodiment, (1) devises new hydraulic control system, and the hydraulic control system is when hydraulic cylinder 21 acts Hydraulic oil pump 26 is idle, it is only necessary to starts hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 is retracted, realizes short time duty, reach Energy saving effect;(2) a set of spare breakage protection system independently of hydraulic control system is have developed, if single rely on liquid The thrust of cylinder pressure 21 realizes upper voussoir 16 and lower wedge block 18 locking belt 10, although can meet the requirement of broken belt protector substantially, But once broken belt failure occurs for some component (such as hydraulic cylinder 21 or oil pipe line) failure in hydraulic system, belt conveyor When will be unable to be protected, when non-dominant hydraulic control system failure especially occurs, operations staff is not easy to discover, and waits until Broken belt has had little time to handle hydraulic system fault when occurring, this will bring very big potential hazard to the operation of belt conveyor, And the setting of spare breakage protection system can effectively solve the problems, such as this;(3) broken belt protector is realized using super mangneto tensioning system Action, action is precisely sensitive, can effectively contract protection short actuation time;Breech block 34 is also provided with the same time to prevent super mangneto from drawing The malfunction of system is stretched, effectively reduces the malfunction of system;The angle that the first sliding groove is arranged in rack and between belt is 14 °, upper voussoir 16 is less than the vibration force of rack 13 the 22% of permissible value when being slid along the second sliding slot 30.

Preferably, the generation of erroneous judgement band in order to prevent, multi signal controller receive at the same time Rolling motor current signal, The tension signal of tensioning apparatus, the tach signal for being tensioned trolley position signal and belt 10, when 4 kinds of signals exceed respective set During definite value, send a signal to two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 and start hydraulic control system to drive upper voussoir 16 to stretch out, through prolonging Shi Hou, the position signal of upper voussoir 16 is received by the displacement sensor being arranged on upper voussoir 16, and voussoir 16 still exists in judgement The power switch of control valve 39, relief valve 25 and coil 43 is sent a signal to when in situ respectively, starts spare breakage protection system.

In the present embodiment, using multi signal come trigger protection device, while hydraulic pressure control is connected by displacement sensor System processed and spare breakage protection system, reliable in action are efficient.

Preferably due to upper voussoir 16 is fallen along the circuit of near linear during spare breakage protection system action, because This vibration to rack 13 is much bigger than when falling along the first sliding groove 17, so doing following setting:Assuming that shared N number of broken belt is protected Protection unit, then n-th of spare breakage protection system action of first triggering at the same time during spare breakage protection system action, wherein n is strange Number and n+1≤N;It is delayed after 2s, while triggers (n+1)th spare breakage protection system action.In other words, singular item is spare disconnected Band protection system first acts, and then acts the spare breakage protection system of even item, had so not only met the demand of protection, but also energy Prevent excessive vibration disposable to rack 13 from causing the deformation of rack 13 or even being broken.

In the present embodiment, it is contemplated that the vibration force of rack 13, use are moved in batches during spare breakage protection system action The mode of work reduces vibration force, not only ensure that protection reliability but also reduces the damage to rack 13.

Application scenarios 3:

A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function as shown in Figure 1, including hopper 100, hydraulic puncture pin 200th, housing 300, transfer belt 400, the first breaker 500, the second breaker 600, air port 700 and belt conveyor 800;2 hydraulic puncture pins 200 are arranged symmetrically on the side wall of hopper 100, are hydraulically operated and are done round-trip lancing motion, are used The satchel contained in material carries out broken bag;The transfer belt 400 is arranged in housing 300, the described first broken dress The upper right side of 500 setting transfer strap ends is put, to the material of outlet of housing 300 will be fallen into tentatively crush, it is described First breaker 500 includes rotating cylinder 900 and the multiple rib knives 1000 being arranged on rotating cylinder 900;Second breaker 600 It is arranged in the outlet of housing 300, including horizontally disposed shaft 1100 and multiple crushing cutters for being arranged in shaft 1100 1200;The material come out by the outlet of housing 300 is entered on belt conveyor 800, and storing is conveyed to by belt conveyor 800 Storehouse (not shown).

After the multiple stage crushing processing that the present invention passes through hydraulic puncture pin, the first breaker, the second breaker, material energy Broken bag is enough effectively performed, crushes, provides condition for process below, and mechanism is simple and practical, is conducive to promote.

Preferably, the rotating cylinder 900 and shaft 1100 drive by motor rotates.

Preferably, the air port 700 obliquely sets the upper right side of the second breaker 600, for crushing cutter Flexible thing of hanging on 1200 is cleared up.

Preferably, as shown in Fig. 2, belt conveyor 800 is included by the driving drum 9 of Rolling motor driving, belt 10, carrying roller 11st, tensioning apparatus and belt break protection device 12, driving drum 9 are used to provide driving force for belt 10, and carrying roller 11 is used for belt 10 are carried and are supported, and tensioning apparatus is using tensioning trolley (prior art, figure not shown in) tensioning.Long distance delivery belt One of maximum accident is exactly broken belt caused by vibration, it is therefore necessary to sets broken belt protector.Multiple belt break protection devices 12 are used to work as Belt 10 occur broken belt when protection, it include broken belt executing agency, hydraulic control system, multi signal control system and it is spare break Band protection system, as shown in figure 3, broken belt executing agency includes rack 13, pull rod 14, shaft 15, upper voussoir 16, the first sliding groove 17 With lower wedge block 18, rack 13 has 2 and is arranged symmetrically in the both sides of belt 10, and shaft 15 is arranged between 2 racks, it can be certainly By rotating.The angle that the first sliding groove 17 is arranged in rack 13 and between belt 10 is 13 ° (even if upper voussoir 16 is at this time Free state will not slide along the first sliding groove 17, at the same upper voussoir 16 along the second sliding slot 30 slide when to the vibration force of rack 13 Less than the 24% of permissible value (being determined by experiment)), upper voussoir 16 includes voussoir body 19 and is arranged on 19 both ends of voussoir body Convex block 20, convex block 20 places through the first sliding groove 17, lower surface and the 10 place plane phase of belt of voussoir body 19 (see Fig. 7) It is mutually parallel.Lower wedge block 18 is arranged on the underface of 17 end of the first sliding groove and under belt 10.

As shown in figure 4, hydraulic control system includes hydraulic cylinder 21, accumulator 22, electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23, two-bit triplet commutation Solenoid valve 24, relief valve 25 and hydraulic oil pump 26, hydraulic cylinder 21 are connected by pull rod 14 with upper voussoir 16, and pull rod 14 is passed through and turned Axis 15.Hydraulic oil pump 26 is connected with the rod chamber 27 and electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 of hydraulic cylinder 21 respectively by non-return valve, accumulator 22 It is connected to by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 on the outlet conduit of hydraulic oil pump 26, the entrance of two-bit triplet solenoid valve 24 and electro-hydraulic commutation Valve 23 is connected, and 2 outlets are connected with rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 respectively.The confession of the rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 of hydraulic cylinder 21 It is also respectively provided with oil pipe line all the way to without oily pipeline is pushed back, relief valve 25, relief valve 25 is respectively arranged with the pipeline Remained turned-off when normal, relief valve 25 is opened when spare breakage protection system starts (in order to reduce the influence to build the pressure, scuffing of cylinder bore 14 25 pressure release of relief valve of 28 side of rodless cavity can be opened during contraction;Otherwise pull rod 14 can open letting out for 27 side of rod chamber when stretching out 25 pressure release of pressure valve).Overflow valve 29 is also parallel with hydraulic oil pump 26.Belt conveyor 800 is in normal course of operation, accumulator 22 The rod chamber 27 fuel feeding (electricity shown in Fig. 4 by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 and from two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 to hydraulic cylinder 21 Position of the position of liquid reversal valve 23 for accumulator 22 when oil-filled), hydraulic cylinder 21 is in retracted mode;When broken belt occurs, cut Change the position of two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24, accumulator 22 by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 and two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 to 28 fuel feeding of rodless cavity, pull rod 14 is pushed out the end so as to drive voussoir 16 to move downwardly to the first sliding groove 17, in upper voussoir 16 with locking belt 10 under the collective effect of lower wedge block 18;When pull rod 14 needs to retract, hydraulic oil pump 26 starts to rod chamber 27 provide pressure oil, while the position for switching electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 gives accumulator 22 filling liquid, when system pressure reaches setting value, Hydraulic oil pump 26 is out of service, and into packing stage, accumulator 22 plays the role of replenishment system leakage at this time.The hydraulic control System hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 acts is idle, it is only necessary to start hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 is retracted, Short time duty is realized, has reached energy saving effect.

As shown in Fig. 3,5,6, for spare breakage protection system independently of hydraulic control system, it includes the second sliding slot 30, resistance Block piece 31, emergent voussoir 32, minitype cylinder 33, Breech block 34 and super mangneto tensioning system.Second sliding slot 30 is arranged on rack 13 Go up and be connected with the first sliding groove 17, and it is located at upper 16 top dead center position of voussoir and (goes up voussoir when i.e. hydraulic cylinder 21 is shunk in place 16 position) lower section, two sides of the second sliding slot 30 are parallel to each other with two sides of upper voussoir 16, and extend to In plane where belt 10, two card slots 35 are also protruding with laterally respectively on two sides of the second sliding slot 30.Block piece 31 are located in the second sliding slot 30 when spare breakage protection system is not operating, it includes contact site 36 and holding section 37, contact site 36 upper surface has the angle of inclination identical with the first sliding groove 17, and is in close contact with the lower surface of upper voussoir 16.Holding section 37 are fastened in card slot 35, and the left end of holding section 37 is provided with the locking groove 38 being used cooperatively with Breech block 34.By control valve The minitype cylinder 33 of 39 supply, which is inlayed, to be fixed in rack 13, and the piston of minitype cylinder 33 passes through locking connecting rod 40 and Breech block 34 are connected, and Breech block 34 is arranged in the hollow interlayer (not shown) of rack 13, and the thickness of Breech block 34 is less than locking The thickness of groove 38.The steam line of minitype cylinder 33 is connected using the hose 41 with surplus length, for ensureing that upper voussoir 16 falls Hose 41 does not limit the movement of voussoir when entering the second sliding slot 30.Emergent voussoir 32 is set parallel to lower wedge block 18, and positioned at the The lower section of two sliding slots 30.Super mangneto tensioning system includes shell 42, coil 43, giant magnetostrictive rod 44 and distance rod 45, shell 42 are fixed and (can be fixed on ground or crane span structure) by fixed link 46, and coil 43 and giant magnetostrictive rod 44 are arranged at shell 42 It is interior, and giant magnetostrictive rod 44 is sleeved in coil 43.One end of giant magnetostrictive rod 44 is fixed on the bottom wall of shell 42, separately One end and distance rod 45 are affixed, and the side of the other end and block piece 31 of distance rod 45 is affixed.The limit of giant magnetostrictive rod 44 Collapsing length is more than the sum of thickness of block piece 31 and convex block, 16 energy of upper voussoir during for ensureing spare breakage protection system action Smoothly slide.When spare breakage protection system is not operating, it is passed through in coil 43 so that the orientation electricity that giant magnetostrictive rod 44 extends Stream (ensures axis direction of the flow direction along giant magnetostrictive rod 44), and block piece 31 is fastened in the second sliding slot 30, And Breech block 34 is inserted into locking groove 38 under the control of minitype cylinder 33, for preventing because the malfunction of super mangneto tensioning system is led Cause block piece 31 to pull out and voussoir 16 is slid by mistake along the second sliding slot 30.When spare breakage protection system acts, multi signal Controller sends a signal to control valve 39 first, and control valve 39 controls the piston of minitype cylinder 33 to move out so that Breech block 34 Depart from locking groove 38, and open relief valve 25 so that the oil pressure of rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 is laid down, voussoir 16 is in oneself By state, while multi signal controller sends a signal to power switch cut-out 43 electric current of coil of coil 43, and super mangneto is stretched at this time Contracting rod 44 shortens because driving current is lost, and block piece 36 is drawn out, and upper voussoir 16 falls under the action of own wt Two sliding slots 30, and the top of emergent voussoir 32 is eventually fallen in, upper voussoir 16 and 32 collective effect of emergent voussoir locking belt 10.By It is the curvilinear motion that approximate micro- arc-shaped is done along shaft 15 when upper voussoir 16 falls, therefore the width of emergent voussoir 32 should be big In the width of lower wedge block 18 to ensure that upper voussoir 16 and emergent voussoir 32 have enough contacts area, while the width of the second sliding slot 30 Degree should be sufficiently wide, to ensure that above voussoir 16 can smoothly fall and be contacted with emergent voussoir 32, but in fact due to hydraulic cylinder 21 and the weight of pull rod 14 be very little for the weight of upper voussoir 16, inventor has found upper voussoir in fact in an experiment 16 tracks fallen very near linear, the position after falling be enough to ensure that between voussoir 16 and emergent voussoir 32 have it is enough Contact surface, as long as and upper voussoir 16 weight it is enough, that is, cause to fall and break curve slightly deviation, under fall behind in the weight of voussoir 16 Can also be automatically adjusted under effect ensure upper voussoir 16 lower surface can flat contact meet an urgent need voussoir 32.Fig. 7 gives voussoir 16 Movement line during action.

In the present embodiment, (1) devises new hydraulic control system, and the hydraulic control system is when hydraulic cylinder 21 acts Hydraulic oil pump 26 is idle, it is only necessary to starts hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 is retracted, realizes short time duty, reach Energy saving effect;(2) a set of spare breakage protection system independently of hydraulic control system is have developed, if single rely on liquid The thrust of cylinder pressure 21 realizes upper voussoir 16 and lower wedge block 18 locking belt 10, although can meet the requirement of broken belt protector substantially, But once broken belt failure occurs for some component (such as hydraulic cylinder 21 or oil pipe line) failure in hydraulic system, belt conveyor When will be unable to be protected, when non-dominant hydraulic control system failure especially occurs, operations staff is not easy to discover, and waits until Broken belt has had little time to handle hydraulic system fault when occurring, this will bring very big potential hazard to the operation of belt conveyor, And the setting of spare breakage protection system can effectively solve the problems, such as this;(3) broken belt protector is realized using super mangneto tensioning system Action, action is precisely sensitive, can effectively contract protection short actuation time;Breech block 34 is also provided with the same time to prevent super mangneto from drawing The malfunction of system is stretched, effectively reduces the malfunction of system;The angle that the first sliding groove is arranged in rack and between belt is 13 °, upper voussoir 16 is less than the vibration force of rack 13 the 24% of permissible value when being slid along the second sliding slot 30.

Preferably, the generation of erroneous judgement band in order to prevent, multi signal controller receive at the same time Rolling motor current signal, The tension signal of tensioning apparatus, the tach signal for being tensioned trolley position signal and belt 10, when 4 kinds of signals exceed respective set During definite value, send a signal to two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 and start hydraulic control system to drive upper voussoir 16 to stretch out, through prolonging Shi Hou, the position signal of upper voussoir 16 is received by the displacement sensor being arranged on upper voussoir 16, and voussoir 16 still exists in judgement The power switch of control valve 39, relief valve 25 and coil 43 is sent a signal to when in situ respectively, starts spare breakage protection system.

In the present embodiment, using multi signal come trigger protection device, while hydraulic pressure control is connected by displacement sensor System processed and spare breakage protection system, reliable in action are efficient.

Preferably due to upper voussoir 16 is fallen along the circuit of near linear during spare breakage protection system action, because This vibration to rack 13 is much bigger than when falling along the first sliding groove 17, so doing following setting:Assuming that shared N number of broken belt is protected Protection unit, then n-th of spare breakage protection system action of first triggering at the same time during spare breakage protection system action, wherein n is strange Number and n+1≤N;It is delayed after 2s, while triggers (n+1)th spare breakage protection system action.In other words, singular item is spare disconnected Band protection system first acts, and then acts the spare breakage protection system of even item, had so not only met the demand of protection, but also energy Prevent excessive vibration disposable to rack 13 from causing the deformation of rack 13 or even being broken.

In the present embodiment, it is contemplated that the vibration force of rack 13, use are moved in batches during spare breakage protection system action The mode of work reduces vibration force, not only ensure that protection reliability but also reduces the damage to rack 13.

Application scenarios 4:

A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function as shown in Figure 1, including hopper 100, hydraulic puncture pin 200th, housing 300, transfer belt 400, the first breaker 500, the second breaker 600, air port 700 and belt conveyor 800;2 hydraulic puncture pins 200 are arranged symmetrically on the side wall of hopper 100, are hydraulically operated and are done round-trip lancing motion, are used The satchel contained in material carries out broken bag;The transfer belt 400 is arranged in housing 300, the described first broken dress The upper right side of 500 setting transfer strap ends is put, to the material of outlet of housing 300 will be fallen into tentatively crush, it is described First breaker 500 includes rotating cylinder 900 and the multiple rib knives 1000 being arranged on rotating cylinder 900;Second breaker 600 It is arranged in the outlet of housing 300, including horizontally disposed shaft 1100 and multiple crushing cutters for being arranged in shaft 1100 1200;The material come out by the outlet of housing 300 is entered on belt conveyor 800, and storing is conveyed to by belt conveyor 800 Storehouse (not shown).

After the multiple stage crushing processing that the present invention passes through hydraulic puncture pin, the first breaker, the second breaker, material energy Broken bag is enough effectively performed, crushes, provides condition for process below, and mechanism is simple and practical, is conducive to promote.

Preferably, the rotating cylinder 900 and shaft 1100 drive by motor rotates.

Preferably, the air port 700 obliquely sets the upper right side of the second breaker 600, for crushing cutter Flexible thing of hanging on 1200 is cleared up.

Preferably, as shown in Fig. 2, belt conveyor 800 is included by the driving drum 9 of Rolling motor driving, belt 10, carrying roller 11st, tensioning apparatus and belt break protection device 12, driving drum 9 are used to provide driving force for belt 10, and carrying roller 11 is used for belt 10 are carried and are supported, and tensioning apparatus is using tensioning trolley (prior art, figure not shown in) tensioning.Long distance delivery belt One of maximum accident is exactly broken belt caused by vibration, it is therefore necessary to sets broken belt protector.Multiple belt break protection devices 12 are used to work as Belt 10 occur broken belt when protection, it include broken belt executing agency, hydraulic control system, multi signal control system and it is spare break Band protection system, as shown in figure 3, broken belt executing agency includes rack 13, pull rod 14, shaft 15, upper voussoir 16, the first sliding groove 17 With lower wedge block 18, rack 13 has 2 and is arranged symmetrically in the both sides of belt 10, and shaft 15 is arranged between 2 racks, it can be certainly By rotating.The angle that the first sliding groove 17 is arranged in rack 13 and between belt 10 is 12 ° (even if upper voussoir 16 is at this time Free state will not slide along the first sliding groove 17, at the same upper voussoir 16 along the second sliding slot 30 slide when to the vibration force of rack 13 Less than the 27% of permissible value (being determined by experiment)), upper voussoir 16 includes voussoir body 19 and is arranged on 19 both ends of voussoir body Convex block 20, convex block 20 places through the first sliding groove 17, lower surface and the 10 place plane phase of belt of voussoir body 19 (see Fig. 7) It is mutually parallel.Lower wedge block 18 is arranged on the underface of 17 end of the first sliding groove and under belt 10.

As shown in figure 4, hydraulic control system includes hydraulic cylinder 21, accumulator 22, electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23, two-bit triplet commutation Solenoid valve 24, relief valve 25 and hydraulic oil pump 26, hydraulic cylinder 21 are connected by pull rod 14 with upper voussoir 16, and pull rod 14 is passed through and turned Axis 15.Hydraulic oil pump 26 is connected with the rod chamber 27 and electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 of hydraulic cylinder 21 respectively by non-return valve, accumulator 22 It is connected to by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 on the outlet conduit of hydraulic oil pump 26, the entrance of two-bit triplet solenoid valve 24 and electro-hydraulic commutation Valve 23 is connected, and 2 outlets are connected with rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 respectively.The confession of the rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 of hydraulic cylinder 21 It is also respectively provided with oil pipe line all the way to without oily pipeline is pushed back, relief valve 25, relief valve 25 is respectively arranged with the pipeline Remained turned-off when normal, relief valve 25 is opened when spare breakage protection system starts (in order to reduce the influence to build the pressure, scuffing of cylinder bore 14 25 pressure release of relief valve of 28 side of rodless cavity can be opened during contraction;Otherwise pull rod 14 can open letting out for 27 side of rod chamber when stretching out 25 pressure release of pressure valve).Overflow valve 29 is also parallel with hydraulic oil pump 26.Belt conveyor 800 is in normal course of operation, accumulator 22 The rod chamber 27 fuel feeding (electricity shown in Fig. 4 by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 and from two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 to hydraulic cylinder 21 Position of the position of liquid reversal valve 23 for accumulator 22 when oil-filled), hydraulic cylinder 21 is in retracted mode;When broken belt occurs, cut Change the position of two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24, accumulator 22 by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 and two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 to 28 fuel feeding of rodless cavity, pull rod 14 is pushed out the end so as to drive voussoir 16 to move downwardly to the first sliding groove 17, in upper voussoir 16 with locking belt 10 under the collective effect of lower wedge block 18;When pull rod 14 needs to retract, hydraulic oil pump 26 starts to rod chamber 27 provide pressure oil, while the position for switching electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 gives accumulator 22 filling liquid, when system pressure reaches setting value, Hydraulic oil pump 26 is out of service, and into packing stage, accumulator 22 plays the role of replenishment system leakage at this time.The hydraulic control System hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 acts is idle, it is only necessary to start hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 is retracted, Short time duty is realized, has reached energy saving effect.

As shown in Fig. 3,5,6, for spare breakage protection system independently of hydraulic control system, it includes the second sliding slot 30, resistance Block piece 31, emergent voussoir 32, minitype cylinder 33, Breech block 34 and super mangneto tensioning system.Second sliding slot 30 is arranged on rack 13 Go up and be connected with the first sliding groove 17, and it is located at upper 16 top dead center position of voussoir and (goes up voussoir when i.e. hydraulic cylinder 21 is shunk in place 16 position) lower section, two sides of the second sliding slot 30 are parallel to each other with two sides of upper voussoir 16, and extend to In plane where belt 10, two card slots 35 are also protruding with laterally respectively on two sides of the second sliding slot 30.Block piece 31 are located in the second sliding slot 30 when spare breakage protection system is not operating, it includes contact site 36 and holding section 37, contact site 36 upper surface has the angle of inclination identical with the first sliding groove 17, and is in close contact with the lower surface of upper voussoir 16.Holding section 37 are fastened in card slot 35, and the left end of holding section 37 is provided with the locking groove 38 being used cooperatively with Breech block 34.By control valve The minitype cylinder 33 of 39 supply, which is inlayed, to be fixed in rack 13, and the piston of minitype cylinder 33 passes through locking connecting rod 40 and Breech block 34 are connected, and Breech block 34 is arranged in the hollow interlayer (not shown) of rack 13, and the thickness of Breech block 34 is less than locking The thickness of groove 38.The steam line of minitype cylinder 33 is connected using the hose 41 with surplus length, for ensureing that upper voussoir 16 falls Hose 41 does not limit the movement of voussoir when entering the second sliding slot 30.Emergent voussoir 32 is set parallel to lower wedge block 18, and positioned at the The lower section of two sliding slots 30.Super mangneto tensioning system includes shell 42, coil 43, giant magnetostrictive rod 44 and distance rod 45, shell 42 are fixed and (can be fixed on ground or crane span structure) by fixed link 46, and coil 43 and giant magnetostrictive rod 44 are arranged at shell 42 It is interior, and giant magnetostrictive rod 44 is sleeved in coil 43.One end of giant magnetostrictive rod 44 is fixed on the bottom wall of shell 42, separately One end and distance rod 45 are affixed, and the side of the other end and block piece 31 of distance rod 45 is affixed.The limit of giant magnetostrictive rod 44 Collapsing length is more than the sum of thickness of block piece 31 and convex block, 16 energy of upper voussoir during for ensureing spare breakage protection system action Smoothly slide.When spare breakage protection system is not operating, it is passed through in coil 43 so that the orientation electricity that giant magnetostrictive rod 44 extends Stream (ensures axis direction of the flow direction along giant magnetostrictive rod 44), and block piece 31 is fastened in the second sliding slot 30, And Breech block 34 is inserted into locking groove 38 under the control of minitype cylinder 33, for preventing because the malfunction of super mangneto tensioning system is led Cause block piece 31 to pull out and voussoir 16 is slid by mistake along the second sliding slot 30.When spare breakage protection system acts, multi signal Controller sends a signal to control valve 39 first, and control valve 39 controls the piston of minitype cylinder 33 to move out so that Breech block 34 Depart from locking groove 38, and open relief valve 25 so that the oil pressure of rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 is laid down, voussoir 16 is in oneself By state, while multi signal controller sends a signal to power switch cut-out 43 electric current of coil of coil 43, and super mangneto is stretched at this time Contracting rod 44 shortens because driving current is lost, and block piece 36 is drawn out, and upper voussoir 16 falls under the action of own wt Two sliding slots 30, and the top of emergent voussoir 32 is eventually fallen in, upper voussoir 16 and 32 collective effect of emergent voussoir locking belt 10.By It is the curvilinear motion that approximate micro- arc-shaped is done along shaft 15 when upper voussoir 16 falls, therefore the width of emergent voussoir 32 should be big In the width of lower wedge block 18 to ensure that upper voussoir 16 and emergent voussoir 32 have enough contacts area, while the width of the second sliding slot 30 Degree should be sufficiently wide, to ensure that above voussoir 16 can smoothly fall and be contacted with emergent voussoir 32, but in fact due to hydraulic cylinder 21 and the weight of pull rod 14 be very little for the weight of upper voussoir 16, inventor has found upper voussoir in fact in an experiment 16 tracks fallen very near linear, the position after falling be enough to ensure that between voussoir 16 and emergent voussoir 32 have it is enough Contact surface, as long as and upper voussoir 16 weight it is enough, that is, cause to fall and break curve slightly deviation, under fall behind in the weight of voussoir 16 Can also be automatically adjusted under effect ensure upper voussoir 16 lower surface can flat contact meet an urgent need voussoir 32.Fig. 7 gives voussoir 16 Movement line during action.

In the present embodiment, (1) devises new hydraulic control system, and the hydraulic control system is when hydraulic cylinder 21 acts Hydraulic oil pump 26 is idle, it is only necessary to starts hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 is retracted, realizes short time duty, reach Energy saving effect;(2) a set of spare breakage protection system independently of hydraulic control system is have developed, if single rely on liquid The thrust of cylinder pressure 21 realizes upper voussoir 16 and lower wedge block 18 locking belt 10, although can meet the requirement of broken belt protector substantially, But once broken belt failure occurs for some component (such as hydraulic cylinder 21 or oil pipe line) failure in hydraulic system, belt conveyor When will be unable to be protected, when non-dominant hydraulic control system failure especially occurs, operations staff is not easy to discover, and waits until Broken belt has had little time to handle hydraulic system fault when occurring, this will bring very big potential hazard to the operation of belt conveyor, And the setting of spare breakage protection system can effectively solve the problems, such as this;(3) broken belt protector is realized using super mangneto tensioning system Action, action is precisely sensitive, can effectively contract protection short actuation time;Breech block 34 is also provided with the same time to prevent super mangneto from drawing The malfunction of system is stretched, effectively reduces the malfunction of system;The angle that the first sliding groove is arranged in rack and between belt is 12 °, upper voussoir 16 is less than the vibration force of rack 13 the 27% of permissible value when being slid along the second sliding slot 30.

Preferably, the generation of erroneous judgement band in order to prevent, multi signal controller receive at the same time Rolling motor current signal, The tension signal of tensioning apparatus, the tach signal for being tensioned trolley position signal and belt 10, when 4 kinds of signals exceed respective set During definite value, send a signal to two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 and start hydraulic control system to drive upper voussoir 16 to stretch out, through prolonging Shi Hou, the position signal of upper voussoir 16 is received by the displacement sensor being arranged on upper voussoir 16, and voussoir 16 still exists in judgement The power switch of control valve 39, relief valve 25 and coil 43 is sent a signal to when in situ respectively, starts spare breakage protection system.

In the present embodiment, using multi signal come trigger protection device, while hydraulic pressure control is connected by displacement sensor System processed and spare breakage protection system, reliable in action are efficient.

Preferably due to upper voussoir 16 is fallen along the circuit of near linear during spare breakage protection system action, because This vibration to rack 13 is much bigger than when falling along the first sliding groove 17, so doing following setting:Assuming that shared N number of broken belt is protected Protection unit, then n-th of spare breakage protection system action of first triggering at the same time during spare breakage protection system action, wherein n is strange Number and n+1≤N;It is delayed after 2s, while triggers (n+1)th spare breakage protection system action.In other words, singular item is spare disconnected Band protection system first acts, and then acts the spare breakage protection system of even item, had so not only met the demand of protection, but also energy Prevent excessive vibration disposable to rack 13 from causing the deformation of rack 13 or even being broken.

In the present embodiment, it is contemplated that the vibration force of rack 13, use are moved in batches during spare breakage protection system action The mode of work reduces vibration force, not only ensure that protection reliability but also reduces the damage to rack 13.

Application scenarios 5:

A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function as shown in Figure 1, including hopper 100, hydraulic puncture pin 200th, housing 300, transfer belt 400, the first breaker 500, the second breaker 600, air port 700 and belt conveyor 800;2 hydraulic puncture pins 200 are arranged symmetrically on the side wall of hopper 100, are hydraulically operated and are done round-trip lancing motion, are used The satchel contained in material carries out broken bag;The transfer belt 400 is arranged in housing 300, the described first broken dress The upper right side of 500 setting transfer strap ends is put, to the material of outlet of housing 300 will be fallen into tentatively crush, it is described First breaker 500 includes rotating cylinder 900 and the multiple rib knives 1000 being arranged on rotating cylinder 900;Second breaker 600 It is arranged in the outlet of housing 300, including horizontally disposed shaft 1100 and multiple crushing cutters for being arranged in shaft 1100 1200;The material come out by the outlet of housing 300 is entered on belt conveyor 800, and storing is conveyed to by belt conveyor 800 Storehouse (not shown).

After the multiple stage crushing processing that the present invention passes through hydraulic puncture pin, the first breaker, the second breaker, material energy Broken bag is enough effectively performed, crushes, provides condition for process below, and mechanism is simple and practical, is conducive to promote.

Preferably, the rotating cylinder 900 and shaft 1100 drive by motor rotates.

Preferably, the air port 700 obliquely sets the upper right side of the second breaker 600, for crushing cutter Flexible thing of hanging on 1200 is cleared up.

Preferably, as shown in Fig. 2, belt conveyor 800 is included by the driving drum 9 of Rolling motor driving, belt 10, carrying roller 11st, tensioning apparatus and belt break protection device 12, driving drum 9 are used to provide driving force for belt 10, and carrying roller 11 is used for belt 10 are carried and are supported, and tensioning apparatus is using tensioning trolley (prior art, figure not shown in) tensioning.Long distance delivery belt One of maximum accident is exactly broken belt caused by vibration, it is therefore necessary to sets broken belt protector.Multiple belt break protection devices 12 are used to work as Belt 10 occur broken belt when protection, it include broken belt executing agency, hydraulic control system, multi signal control system and it is spare break Band protection system, as shown in figure 3, broken belt executing agency includes rack 13, pull rod 14, shaft 15, upper voussoir 16, the first sliding groove 17 With lower wedge block 18, rack 13 has 2 and is arranged symmetrically in the both sides of belt 10, and shaft 15 is arranged between 2 racks, it can be certainly By rotating.The angle that the first sliding groove 17 is arranged in rack 13 and between belt 10 is 11 ° (even if upper voussoir 16 is at this time Free state will not slide along the first sliding groove 17, at the same upper voussoir 16 along the second sliding slot 30 slide when to the vibration force of rack 13 Less than the 30% of permissible value (being determined by experiment)), upper voussoir 16 includes voussoir body 19 and is arranged on 19 both ends of voussoir body Convex block 20, convex block 20 places through the first sliding groove 17, lower surface and the 10 place plane phase of belt of voussoir body 19 (see Fig. 7) It is mutually parallel.Lower wedge block 18 is arranged on the underface of 17 end of the first sliding groove and under belt 10.

As shown in figure 4, hydraulic control system includes hydraulic cylinder 21, accumulator 22, electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23, two-bit triplet commutation Solenoid valve 24, relief valve 25 and hydraulic oil pump 26, hydraulic cylinder 21 are connected by pull rod 14 with upper voussoir 16, and pull rod 14 is passed through and turned Axis 15.Hydraulic oil pump 26 is connected with the rod chamber 27 and electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 of hydraulic cylinder 21 respectively by non-return valve, accumulator 22 It is connected to by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 on the outlet conduit of hydraulic oil pump 26, the entrance of two-bit triplet solenoid valve 24 and electro-hydraulic commutation Valve 23 is connected, and 2 outlets are connected with rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 respectively.The confession of the rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 of hydraulic cylinder 21 It is also respectively provided with oil pipe line all the way to without oily pipeline is pushed back, relief valve 25, relief valve 25 is respectively arranged with the pipeline Remained turned-off when normal, relief valve 25 is opened when spare breakage protection system starts (in order to reduce the influence to build the pressure, scuffing of cylinder bore 14 25 pressure release of relief valve of 28 side of rodless cavity can be opened during contraction;Otherwise pull rod 14 can open letting out for 27 side of rod chamber when stretching out 25 pressure release of pressure valve).Overflow valve 29 is also parallel with hydraulic oil pump 26.Belt conveyor 800 is in normal course of operation, accumulator 22 The rod chamber 27 fuel feeding (electricity shown in Fig. 4 by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 and from two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 to hydraulic cylinder 21 Position of the position of liquid reversal valve 23 for accumulator 22 when oil-filled), hydraulic cylinder 21 is in retracted mode;When broken belt occurs, cut Change the position of two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24, accumulator 22 by electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 and two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 to 28 fuel feeding of rodless cavity, pull rod 14 is pushed out the end so as to drive voussoir 16 to move downwardly to the first sliding groove 17, in upper voussoir 16 with locking belt 10 under the collective effect of lower wedge block 18;When pull rod 14 needs to retract, hydraulic oil pump 26 starts to rod chamber 27 provide pressure oil, while the position for switching electro-hydraulic reversing valve 23 gives accumulator 22 filling liquid, when system pressure reaches setting value, Hydraulic oil pump 26 is out of service, and into packing stage, accumulator 22 plays the role of replenishment system leakage at this time.The hydraulic control System hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 acts is idle, it is only necessary to start hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 is retracted, Short time duty is realized, has reached energy saving effect.

As shown in Fig. 3,5,6, for spare breakage protection system independently of hydraulic control system, it includes the second sliding slot 30, resistance Block piece 31, emergent voussoir 32, minitype cylinder 33, Breech block 34 and super mangneto tensioning system.Second sliding slot 30 is arranged on rack 13 Go up and be connected with the first sliding groove 17, and it is located at upper 16 top dead center position of voussoir and (goes up voussoir when i.e. hydraulic cylinder 21 is shunk in place 16 position) lower section, two sides of the second sliding slot 30 are parallel to each other with two sides of upper voussoir 16, and extend to In plane where belt 10, two card slots 35 are also protruding with laterally respectively on two sides of the second sliding slot 30.Block piece 31 are located in the second sliding slot 30 when spare breakage protection system is not operating, it includes contact site 36 and holding section 37, contact site 36 upper surface has the angle of inclination identical with the first sliding groove 17, and is in close contact with the lower surface of upper voussoir 16.Holding section 37 are fastened in card slot 35, and the left end of holding section 37 is provided with the locking groove 38 being used cooperatively with Breech block 34.By control valve The minitype cylinder 33 of 39 supply, which is inlayed, to be fixed in rack 13, and the piston of minitype cylinder 33 passes through locking connecting rod 40 and Breech block 34 are connected, and Breech block 34 is arranged in the hollow interlayer (not shown) of rack 13, and the thickness of Breech block 34 is less than locking The thickness of groove 38.The steam line of minitype cylinder 33 is connected using the hose 41 with surplus length, for ensureing that upper voussoir 16 falls Hose 41 does not limit the movement of voussoir when entering the second sliding slot 30.Emergent voussoir 32 is set parallel to lower wedge block 18, and positioned at the The lower section of two sliding slots 30.Super mangneto tensioning system includes shell 42, coil 43, giant magnetostrictive rod 44 and distance rod 45, shell 42 are fixed and (can be fixed on ground or crane span structure) by fixed link 46, and coil 43 and giant magnetostrictive rod 44 are arranged at shell 42 It is interior, and giant magnetostrictive rod 44 is sleeved in coil 43.One end of giant magnetostrictive rod 44 is fixed on the bottom wall of shell 42, separately One end and distance rod 45 are affixed, and the side of the other end and block piece 31 of distance rod 45 is affixed.The limit of giant magnetostrictive rod 44 Collapsing length is more than the sum of thickness of block piece 31 and convex block, 16 energy of upper voussoir during for ensureing spare breakage protection system action Smoothly slide.When spare breakage protection system is not operating, it is passed through in coil 43 so that the orientation electricity that giant magnetostrictive rod 44 extends Stream (ensures axis direction of the flow direction along giant magnetostrictive rod 44), and block piece 31 is fastened in the second sliding slot 30, And Breech block 34 is inserted into locking groove 38 under the control of minitype cylinder 33, for preventing because the malfunction of super mangneto tensioning system is led Cause block piece 31 to pull out and voussoir 16 is slid by mistake along the second sliding slot 30.When spare breakage protection system acts, multi signal Controller sends a signal to control valve 39 first, and control valve 39 controls the piston of minitype cylinder 33 to move out so that Breech block 34 Depart from locking groove 38, and open relief valve 25 so that the oil pressure of rod chamber 27 and rodless cavity 28 is laid down, voussoir 16 is in oneself By state, while multi signal controller sends a signal to power switch cut-out 43 electric current of coil of coil 43, and super mangneto is stretched at this time Contracting rod 44 shortens because driving current is lost, and block piece 36 is drawn out, and upper voussoir 16 falls under the action of own wt Two sliding slots 30, and the top of emergent voussoir 32 is eventually fallen in, upper voussoir 16 and 32 collective effect of emergent voussoir locking belt 10.By It is the curvilinear motion that approximate micro- arc-shaped is done along shaft 15 when upper voussoir 16 falls, therefore the width of emergent voussoir 32 should be big In the width of lower wedge block 18 to ensure that upper voussoir 16 and emergent voussoir 32 have enough contacts area, while the width of the second sliding slot 30 Degree should be sufficiently wide, to ensure that above voussoir 16 can smoothly fall and be contacted with emergent voussoir 32, but in fact due to hydraulic cylinder 21 and the weight of pull rod 14 be very little for the weight of upper voussoir 16, inventor has found upper voussoir in fact in an experiment 16 tracks fallen very near linear, the position after falling be enough to ensure that between voussoir 16 and emergent voussoir 32 have it is enough Contact surface, as long as and upper voussoir 16 weight it is enough, that is, cause to fall and break curve slightly deviation, under fall behind in the weight of voussoir 16 Can also be automatically adjusted under effect ensure upper voussoir 16 lower surface can flat contact meet an urgent need voussoir 32.Fig. 7 gives voussoir 16 Movement line during action.

In the present embodiment, (1) devises new hydraulic control system, and the hydraulic control system is when hydraulic cylinder 21 acts Hydraulic oil pump 26 is idle, it is only necessary to starts hydraulic oil pump 26 when hydraulic cylinder 21 is retracted, realizes short time duty, reach Energy saving effect;(2) a set of spare breakage protection system independently of hydraulic control system is have developed, if single rely on liquid The thrust of cylinder pressure 21 realizes upper voussoir 16 and lower wedge block 18 locking belt 10, although can meet the requirement of broken belt protector substantially, But once broken belt failure occurs for some component (such as hydraulic cylinder 21 or oil pipe line) failure in hydraulic system, belt conveyor When will be unable to be protected, when non-dominant hydraulic control system failure especially occurs, operations staff is not easy to discover, and waits until Broken belt has had little time to handle hydraulic system fault when occurring, this will bring very big potential hazard to the operation of belt conveyor, And the setting of spare breakage protection system can effectively solve the problems, such as this;(3) broken belt protector is realized using super mangneto tensioning system Action, action is precisely sensitive, can effectively contract protection short actuation time;Breech block 34 is also provided with the same time to prevent super mangneto from drawing The malfunction of system is stretched, effectively reduces the malfunction of system;The angle that the first sliding groove is arranged in rack and between belt is 11 °, upper voussoir 16 is less than the vibration force of rack 13 the 30% of permissible value when being slid along the second sliding slot 30.

Preferably, the generation of erroneous judgement band in order to prevent, multi signal controller receive at the same time Rolling motor current signal, The tension signal of tensioning apparatus, the tach signal for being tensioned trolley position signal and belt 10, when 4 kinds of signals exceed respective set During definite value, send a signal to two-bit triplet reversing solenoid valve 24 and start hydraulic control system to drive upper voussoir 16 to stretch out, through prolonging Shi Hou, the position signal of upper voussoir 16 is received by the displacement sensor being arranged on upper voussoir 16, and voussoir 16 still exists in judgement The power switch of control valve 39, relief valve 25 and coil 43 is sent a signal to when in situ respectively, starts spare breakage protection system.

In the present embodiment, using multi signal come trigger protection device, while hydraulic pressure control is connected by displacement sensor System processed and spare breakage protection system, reliable in action are efficient.

Preferably due to upper voussoir 16 is fallen along the circuit of near linear during spare breakage protection system action, because This vibration to rack 13 is much bigger than when falling along the first sliding groove 17, so doing following setting:Assuming that shared N number of broken belt is protected Protection unit, then n-th of spare breakage protection system action of first triggering at the same time during spare breakage protection system action, wherein n is strange Number and n+1≤N;It is delayed after 2s, while triggers (n+1)th spare breakage protection system action.In other words, singular item is spare disconnected Band protection system first acts, and then acts the spare breakage protection system of even item, had so not only met the demand of protection, but also energy Prevent excessive vibration disposable to rack 13 from causing the deformation of rack 13 or even being broken.

In the present embodiment, it is contemplated that the vibration force of rack 13, use are moved in batches during spare breakage protection system action The mode of work reduces vibration force, not only ensure that protection reliability but also reduces the damage to rack 13.

Finally it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than the present invention is protected The limitation of scope is protected, although being explained with reference to preferred embodiment to the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art should Work as understanding, can be to technical scheme technical scheme is modified or replaced equivalently, without departing from the reality of technical solution of the present invention Matter and scope.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function, it is characterized in that, including hopper, hydraulic puncture pin, housing, in Turn belt, the first breaker, the second breaker, air port and belt conveyor;2 hydraulic puncture pins are arranged symmetrically On the side wall of hopper, it is hydraulically operated and does round-trip lancing motion, for carries out broken bag to the satchel contained in material;It is described Transfer belt is arranged in housing, and first breaker sets the upper right side of transfer strap end, to that will fall into housing The material of outlet carry out tentatively broken, first breaker includes rotating cylinder and the multiple rib knives being arranged on rotating cylinder;Institute State the second breaker to be arranged in the outlet of housing, including horizontally disposed shaft and be arranged on multiple broken in shaft Knife;The material come out by the outlet of housing is entered on belt conveyor, and storage bin is conveyed to by belt conveyor;
The belt conveyor includes being filled by the driving drum of Rolling motor driving, belt, carrying roller, tensioning apparatus and broken belt protector To put, the driving drum is used to provide driving force for the belt, and the carrying roller is used to the belt is carried and supported, The tensioning apparatus is using tensioning trolley tensioning;Multiple belt break protection devices are used for the guarantor when broken belt occurs for the belt Shield, it includes broken belt executing agency, hydraulic control system, multi signal control system and spare breakage protection system;The broken belt Executing agency includes rack, pull rod, shaft, upper voussoir, the first sliding groove and lower wedge block, and the rack has 2 and is arranged symmetrically in The both sides of the belt, the shaft are arranged between 2 racks, its is free to rotate, and the first sliding groove is arranged on Angle in the rack and between the belt is 15 °, and the upper voussoir includes voussoir body and is arranged on voussoir body The convex block at both ends, the convex block are placed through the first sliding groove, and the lower surface of the voussoir body where the belt with putting down Face is parallel to each other;The lower wedge block is arranged on the underface of the first sliding groove end and under the belt.
2. a kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the rotating cylinder Drive and rotate by motor with shaft.
3. a kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the air Spout obliquely sets the upper right side of the second breaker, for clearing up the flexible thing of hanging on crushing cutter.
CN201610606783.7A 2016-07-27 2016-07-27 A kind of material handling apparatus with good crushing function CN106216064B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102039303A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-05-04 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Municipal solid waste comprehensive treatment and recycling device
CN103418605A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-12-04 浙江大学 Horizontal type complete set crushing and purifying device for kitchen garbage
CN204996771U (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 上海佩含保健食品有限公司 Integration freeze -drying dendrobii officmalis caulis processing equipment
CN105536969A (en) * 2016-02-18 2016-05-04 王宏军 Stripping type household garbage separator
CN105757682A (en) * 2016-05-07 2016-07-13 浙江大森亚环保有限公司 Automatic conveying device for garbage

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102039303A (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-05-04 河南省澳斯迪环保机械有限责任公司 Municipal solid waste comprehensive treatment and recycling device
CN103418605A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-12-04 浙江大学 Horizontal type complete set crushing and purifying device for kitchen garbage
CN204996771U (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 上海佩含保健食品有限公司 Integration freeze -drying dendrobii officmalis caulis processing equipment
CN105536969A (en) * 2016-02-18 2016-05-04 王宏军 Stripping type household garbage separator
CN105757682A (en) * 2016-05-07 2016-07-13 浙江大森亚环保有限公司 Automatic conveying device for garbage

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