CN101722172A - Domestic garbage integrated separating machine - Google Patents

Domestic garbage integrated separating machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101722172A
CN101722172A CN200810152348A CN200810152348A CN101722172A CN 101722172 A CN101722172 A CN 101722172A CN 200810152348 A CN200810152348 A CN 200810152348A CN 200810152348 A CN200810152348 A CN 200810152348A CN 101722172 A CN101722172 A CN 101722172A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
separating cylinder
riser
receiving hopper
sieve
separating
Prior art date
Application number
CN200810152348A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王志成
孙杰
Original Assignee
王志成
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Application filed by 王志成 filed Critical 王志成
Priority to CN200810152348A priority Critical patent/CN101722172A/en
Publication of CN101722172A publication Critical patent/CN101722172A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a domestic garbage integrated separating machine which comprises a bag breaking box, a material guiding hopper, a separating drum and a material receiving hopper, wherein the bag breaking machine is provided with a chain-shaped reamer and a material guiding vertical plate; the drum body is provided with a grid-shaped sieve, a hole-shaped sieve and an air drum; the lower part of the drum is orderly connected with an ash block and an organic substance receiving hopper; an isolation cover is arranged on the surface of the drum; a material scooping vertical plate is arranged on the inner wall of the drum; the rear end of the drum is connected with a separating box, and the bottom thereof is provided with a wet heavy material receiving hopper, a combustible garbage receiving hopper and a light material receiving hopper; and the light material receiving hopper is provided with an air-delivery material discharge device. After the practical verification by set machine types, compared with other known separating methods, the separating machine has superior garbage treating amount in unit time, which is satisfactory for people. The invention has the advantages of no dust spillage, low running noise, convenient adjustment and low fault rate.

Description

Domestic garbage integrated separating machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to refuse disposal installation, particularly relate to a kind of domestic garbage integrated separating machine.
Background technology
At present, good original-source by classification processing is not all carried out to domestic waste in many cities and area, and house refuse still mixes type rubbish.Therefore, be refuse classification to the matter of utmost importance that various treatment process faced that mixes the type house refuse.
In the prior art of refuse classification, artificial go-no-go in early stage and machinery later stage sorting are the methods that generally adopts.Because the treatment process difference of machinery later stage sorting, therefore related mechanical device is also different, and the effect of refuse classification is also different.
" Cull eliminator of home scrap " of application number 200710048742.1 comprises feeding device, magnetic separation conveying device, magnetic material (battery) class discharging opening, blanking chute and magnetic separation conveying device, house refuse ground-slag pneumatic separation device, rubbish ground-slag discharging opening, glass stone discharging opening; House refuse is broken up rubbish air blasting device, stone and bone and pericarp nuts and kernels discharging opening, little combustible discharging opening on device, house refuse cylinder screening plant, the sieve, is sieved rubbish air blasting device, big combustible discharging opening, plastic sheeting discharging opening down.The cylinder screening plant of above-mentioned " Cull eliminator of home scrap " is that rubbish ground-slag, thick rubbish slag and sieve are gone up house refuse three classes with the sorting consumer waste of breaing up.Wherein the rubbish ground-slag deposits anterior funnel by the drum sieve packing and enters ad hoc pneumatic separation device and isolate glass, stone and ground-slag three classes; Wherein thick rubbish slag deposits the rear portion funnel by the drum sieve packing and enters ad hoc pneumatic separation device and isolate little combustible and stone bone pericarp kernel two classes; Wherein sieve is gone up house refuse and is isolated big combustible and plastic sheeting two classes by the pneumatic separation device of drum sieve packing postpone portion.In the said apparatus, refuse breaking adopts the cutter of the axle rotation of having mercy on, and the cylinder screening plant is made of with the rectangle thickness sieve that is connected in the part of rolling the columnar part of rolling.
" city domestic refuse plastic sorting process and the device " of application number 200510045133.1, comprise rubbish conveying, refuse breaking and selection by winnowing, it is characterized in that: the selection by winnowing operation adopts the two-stage selection by winnowing, and set up screening, change heavily, make whole refuse classification operation be followed successively by: rubbish conveying, refuse breaking, one-level selection by winnowing, screening, change weigh and the secondary selection by winnowing.The house refuse of collecting is earlier through fragmentation, again through the screening of one-level selection by winnowing and vibratory sieve, light component in the rubbish is transported to the change refitting to be put, put by light materials such as plastics in the light component and paper being soaked-the water squeezing processing by becoming refitting, and then the proportion of change plastics and paper etc., after the light breeze choosing reaches the effective separation of the two.In the said apparatus, refuse breaking adopts broken cutter, and relates to a kind of spring-supported scraper plate, and when meeting hard, bulk weight in the shattering process, scraper plate retreats under the weight extruding, so as its by and protect broken cutter.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to disclose a kind of through the running experiment confirm domestic garbage integrated separating machine high to good separation effect, the efficient of house refuse.
The present invention takes following technical scheme for achieving the above object: this domestic garbage integrated separating machine is by the high-end broken bag case of frame, be connected in the material guiding hopper of broken bag case bottom, be connected in the separating cylinder and the receiving hopper of material guiding hopper and form, it is characterized in that: described broken bag case is provided with the chain reamer that is spacedly distributed, the broken bag case garbage inlet guide riser that has been spacedly distributed, the rotation each chain reamer respectively with the alternate setting of each guide riser, interval between the broken bag case garbage inlet chain reamer is 150-200mm, described separating cylinder is provided with the gravity guide angle to 3-10 ° of its rear portion inclination, the sorting cylindrical shell is provided with grid shape sieve and hole shape sieve, grid shape sieve is positioned at sorting cylindrical shell front portion, grid shape sieve is made of each the sieve ring that axially is spacedly distributed, sieve ring spacing scope is 8-20mm, the screen-aperture scope of hole shape sieve is 50-120mm, the sieve aperture spacing range is 10-20mm, be provided with the air duct that connects air blast in the separating cylinder, its air outlet is corresponding to the first half of grid shape sieve, described separating cylinder below is connected successively grey piecemeal material receiving hopper and organic matter receiving hopper, the outlet of each receiving hopper is respectively equipped with conveyer, the surface of corresponding grid shape sieve of described separating cylinder and hole shape sieve is provided with fixing cage, the bead and the cage of ash piecemeal material receiving hopper and organic matter receiving hopper are tightly connected, the rear end of described separating cylinder is connected separatory vessel, the separatory vessel bottom is provided with weight in wet base material receiving hopper from front to back successively, combustiblerefuse receiving hopper and light body material receiving hopper, the bottom of the rear side of separatory vessel and light body material receiving hopper is provided with the wind that is connected in air-introduced machine and sends pipe material.
The present invention can also take following technical measures:
Described broken bag case is provided with air inducing dedusting tube.
The chain reamer of described broken bag case is made of with the bearing pin that is connected each carrier bar carrier bar.
Grid shape sieve its rear end of described separating cylinder front portion is connected the hole shape sieve.
Described separating cylinder inwall is provided with the material copy riser of axial symmetrical distribution, described inwall comprises grid shape sieve inwall and hole shape sieve inwall, the material copy riser sieves the long riser of rear end by separating cylinder top to grid shape and is connected successively in each short riser of long riser rear end and constitutes, wherein the extended line of each long riser minor face intersects at the separating cylinder axle center, the long limit of each short riser is parallel to the separating cylinder axle center and distributes with step-wise manner, its ladder trend is opposite with the separating cylinder direction of rotation, be provided with the angle of attack between the tangent line of each short riser and separating cylinder intersection point and the short riser plate face, angular range 25-60 ° with respect to the separating cylinder direction of rotation.
The grid shape sieve of described separating cylinder front portion is supported in the outside of hole shape sieve leading portion, grid shape sieve and hole shape sieve concentric, its spacing scope 150-300mm.
Described separating cylinder inwall is provided with the material copy riser of axial symmetrical distribution, described inwall is a hole shape sieve inwall, the material copy riser sieves anterior long riser by corresponding separating cylinder top to hole shape and is connected successively in each short riser of long riser rear end and constitutes, wherein the extended line of each long riser minor face intersects at the separating cylinder axial line, the long limit of each short riser is parallel to the separating cylinder axial line and distributes with step-wise manner, its ladder trend is opposite with the separating cylinder direction of rotation, be provided with the angle of attack between the tangent line of each short riser and separating cylinder intersection point and the short riser plate face, angular range 25-60 ° with respect to the separating cylinder direction of rotation.
The convergence part of described separating cylinder and separatory vessel is provided with the elastic packing baffle ring.
Described cage is provided with corresponding grid shape sieve and desilting contacted with it brush.
The top of described separatory vessel is provided with air inducing dedusting tube, and a side is provided with access door, and the feed end of its weight in wet base material receiving hopper, combustiblerefuse receiving hopper and light body material receiving hopper is provided with the adjustable angle striker plate that adapts to the material drop point.
Beneficial effect of the present invention and advantage are: by the house refuse of broken bag case input, drop between chain reamer and each the guide riser, when breaking up or scratching the rubbish packaging bag, organic matter rubbish is crashed to pieces to become piece footpath blanking below the 60-100mm to material guiding hopper.The chain reamer can allow it pass through from line bend when running into the hard objects that can not smash, and makes it to fall into material guiding hopper and can not damage the chain reamer along the neutral between each guide riser and the rotating shaft.The anterior grid shape sieve of separating cylinder is used to isolate sandstone ash content, glass ceramics fragment, rigid plastics fragment and other impurity particle, particularly the grid shape of air duct air outlet front portion sieve can give the sandstone ash content sorting more completely and no longer participate in selection by winnowing, makes later assorting room not have dust to produce substantially.Grid shape sieve has the blocked characteristics that are difficult for, and especially its discharging is more smooth and easy under the cooperation of desilting brush.Separating cylinder rear portion hole shape sieve can come out that part of refuse classification based on organic matter less than 80-100mm, the top that the material copy riser that ladder distributes can take rubbish to axial flow wind band falls again, also because the ladder of this material copy riser trend is opposite with the cylinder direction of rotation, cause rubbish to be the helical form of repetition in a circumferential direction in an orderly manner by axial flow wind band, so in specified desin speed scope, quantity and sequencing that rubbish is participated in selection by winnowing are constant, so rubbish sorting in separating cylinder gets very abundant, accurate.
Waste plastic bag in the light body material of this separator plastics receiving hopper and sheet, film class plastics are sent pipe material by wind and are sent to the process in plastics workshop.The rubbish of selecting through hole shape screening based on organic matter is transported to high temperature and high pressure hydrolysis equipment through spiral conveyer and conveyer belt and is handled, as the raw material of the high-quality organic fertilizer of production.The sandstone ash content is main inorganic constituents, is transported in the follow-up operation and can makes construction material.Separatory vessel first hopper be heavy body rubbish in the weight in wet base material receiving hopper based on the rubbish of inorganic matter (brick tile fragment), rigid plastics and comparison humidity, through after operation sorting a little, can be used as the raw material of light body building materials.Separatory vessel second hopper is that the thermal source in the technical process was burnt or used special-purpose incinerator to burn after braid, clothing and other combustiblerefuse etc. in the flammable rubbish receiving hopper can be used as.
This separator efficiency of separation height is embodied in the broken bag structure of broken bag case, the rubbish packaging bag can be cracked, accounts for the material of rubbish total amount more than 95% fully and smash the piece footpath of sieving for ease of accurate; Also be embodied in the separating cylinder tilting and install, rely on material gravity to advance guide automatically; Also being embodied in grid shape sieve is difficult for blocked design feature and improves the material separation velocity; Also be embodied in each material copy riser of separating cylinder setting and with the fit structure of axial flow wind band, make material obviously improve separation velocity on the basis accurately in sorting; Also being embodied in each power motor of forming of this separator suits to select frequency control motor for use and coordinated speeds, specifically according to handled rubbish constructional aspect, adjust broken bag case shear constitution rotating speed, separating cylinder rotating speed, air blast and air-introduced machine rotating speed, discharging mechanism transfer rate in good time, make between each composition and coordinate and high-efficiency operation.Through typing type actual verification, the unit interval garbage treatment quantity of this separator is better than other known sorting mode and satisfactory.The present invention has that free from dust is excessive, running noises is low, be convenient to adjust and outstanding advantage that fault rate is low.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is embodiment 1 a structure partial generalized section.
Accompanying drawing 2 is that Figure 1A is to view.
Accompanying drawing 3 is chain rimer structure schematic diagrames.
Accompanying drawing 4 embodiment 1 material copy riser distribution schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 5 is Fig. 4 a-a views.
Accompanying drawing 6 is Fig. 4 b-b views.
Accompanying drawing 7 is embodiment 2 structure partial generalized sections.
Number in the figure: 1 frame, 2 air ducts, 3 material guiding hoppers, 4 guide risers, 5 broken bag casees, 6 air inducing dedusting tubes, 7 chain reamers, 7-1 rotating shaft, 7-2 carrier bar, the 7-3 bearing pin, 7-4 axis pin base, 8 separating cylinders, 9 cages, 10 grid shapes sieve, 11 hole shapes sieve, 12 short risers, 13 elastic packing baffle rings, 14 separatory vessels, 15 access doors, 16 striker plates, 17 air inducing feeding pipes, 18 light body material receiving hoppers, 19 combustiblerefuse receiving hoppers, 20 weight in wet base material receiving hoppers, 21 organic matter receiving hoppers, 22 spiral conveyers, 23 grey piecemeal material receiving hoppers, 24 support rollers, 25 desiltings brush, 26 long risers.
The specific embodiment
Further specify the present invention below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof.
Embodiment 1 as shown in Figure 1, 2, high-end broken bag case 5 bottoms of frame 1 are connected mutually with material guiding hopper 3 inlets, the top of broken bag case is provided with air inducing dedusting tube 6, is provided with the chain reamer 7 of rotation in the broken bag case, and each chain reamer uniformly-spaced and be symmetrically distributed in rotating shaft 7-1 both sides.
As shown in Figure 3, chain reamer 7 is made of with the bearing pin 7-3 that is connected each carrier bar carrier bar 7-2, and bearing pin 7-3 is provided with the axis pin base 7-4 that is fixed in the carrier bar end.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the broken bag case garbage inlet guide riser 4 that has been spacedly distributed, each chain reamer 7 and each guide riser 4 alternate setting of rotation.
Interval between each chain reamer 7 is 150-200mm, and each guide riser 4 interval is suitable with it.
Embodiment 1 as shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, and the outlet of material guiding hopper 3 is connected in the top of the separating cylinder 8 that is supported by front and back support roller 24, and separating cylinder is provided with the gravity guide angle to 3-10 ° of its rear portion inclination, and embodiment 1 gravity guide angle is 8 °.
The sorting cylindrical shell 8 of embodiment 1 is provided with grid shape sieve 10 and hole shape sieve 11, and grid shape sieve is positioned at sorting cylindrical shell front portion, and the hole shape sieve is connected mutually with it.Grid shape sieve is made of each the sieve ring that axially is spacedly distributed, and sieve ring spacing scope is 8-20mm, and embodiment 1 sieve ring spacing is 10mm.Hole shape sieve is made of the sieve aperture that is spacedly distributed, and screen-aperture generally is advisable with 80-100mm, sieve aperture be spaced apart 10-20mm all can, embodiment 1 screen-aperture 80mm, 20mm at interval.
Separating cylinder overall structure size is definite according to the garbage treatment quantity design, and range of choice is that length overall 4000-8000mm, diameter are 1000-2500mm.The cylinder length overall 5800mm of embodiment 1, diameter 1500mm, its intermediate roll top to grid shape is sieved the long 2400mm in 10 rear ends.
As Fig. 1,4 illustrated embodiments 1, comprise that separating cylinder 8 inwalls of grid shape sieve inwall and hole shape sieve inwall are provided with the material copy riser that axially is symmetrically distributed along separating cylinder, the material copy riser is made of long riser 26 and short riser 12.
The material copy riser that separating cylinder 8 tops to grid shape is sieved 10 rear ends is long riser 26, and long riser rear end is connected successively with step-wise manner each short riser 12 that distributes, and its ladder trend is opposite with the separating cylinder direction of rotation, if the cylinder left-handed rotation, the ladder trend is dextrorotation; Otherwise if the rotation of cylinder dextrad, the ladder trend is for left-handed.
As shown in Figure 5, the separating cylinder of embodiment 1 axially is symmetrically distributed with 6 long risers 26, the extended line of each long riser minor face promptly among the figure dotted line intersect at the separating cylinder axle center, the long 2400mm of each long riser, width 50mm, thick 10mm.
As shown in Figure 6, being connected in the short riser 12 of long riser rear end successively also is 6, the long limit of each short riser 12 is parallel to the separating cylinder axial line, be provided with angle of attack α between the tangent line of each short riser and separating cylinder intersection point and the short riser plate face with respect to separating cylinder direction of rotation arrow i, 25-70 ° of angle of attack α angular range, the size of the angle of attack determines that according to the rotating speed of cylinder the high more angle of attack of rotating speed is big more.The every long 300-500mm of short riser of embodiment 1; Wide 80-150mm; Thickness is 5-15mm.Embodiment 1 drum rotation speed is 45 rev/mins, 70 ° of angle of attack α angles.
Shown in Figure 1, the top, axle center of separating cylinder 8 is provided with the air duct 2 that connects air blast, gets final product in the first half scope of its air outlet corresponding to grid shape sieve 10.
Shown in Figure 1, the below of separating cylinder 8 grid shapes sieve 10 is provided with the spiral conveyer 22 of grey piecemeal material receiving hopper 23 and bottom thereof, and hole shape sieves the spiral conveyer 22 that 11 belows are provided with organic matter receiving hopper 21 and bottom thereof.
Shown in Fig. 1,2, the surface of separating cylinder 8 corresponding grid shape sieves 10 and hole shape sieve 11 is provided with the cage 9 that is fixed in frame, and the bead and the cage of grey piecemeal material receiving hopper 23 and organic matter receiving hopper 21 are tightly connected.One side of seal closure 9 is provided with corresponding grid shape sieve and desilting contacted with it brush 25, so that remove the moist rubbish and the tamper of grid shape sieve at any time, desilting brush 25 adopts the hard nylon bruss.
Shown in Figure 1, the rear end of separating cylinder 8 is connected separatory vessel 14, and its convergence part is provided with flexible sealing baffle ring 13, and for example the rubber baffle ring avoids dust excessive.The bottom of separatory vessel is provided with weight in wet base material receiving hopper 20, combustiblerefuse receiving hopper 19 and light body material receiving hopper 18 from front to back successively.Separatory vessel rear side and light body material receiving hopper 18 are connected in air inducing feeding pipe 17.The feed end of the weight in wet base material receiving hopper 20 of separatory vessel, combustiblerefuse receiving hopper 19 and light body material receiving hopper 18 is provided with the adjustable angle striker plate 16 that adapts to the material drop point.Separatory vessel one side also is provided with access door 15, and the top is provided with air inducing dedusting tube 6.
The domestic garbage integrated separating machine of embodiment 1 operation of starting shooting in the following order: peripheral output equipment → blast system → blower system → separating cylinder → broken bag mechanism and material loading conveying mechanism.Shutdown when stopping to produce is in proper order: the output equipment of broken bag mechanism and material loading conveying mechanism → separating cylinder → blower system → blast system → periphery.
Embodiment 1 course of work:
House refuse enters the broken bag case with design discharge, its chain reamer cooperates with the guide riser packaging bag of rubbish is broken up or scratched, meanwhile, quality fragility, most organic matters that intensity is low are crashed to pieces simultaneously and are the footpath of the piece below the 60-100mm, so can match with the hole shape mesh size of this integrated sorter in the piece of size footpath, reaches best separating effect.The chain reamer of broken bag case runs into bulk, adamant and knows from experience bending voluntarily and allow it pass through and can not damage.The rotating speed of chain reamer is regulated by buncher, and optimum speed shows as broken bag rate height, blanking is smooth and easy.
Composting through fragmentation process enters the separating cylinder of rotation by the material guiding hopper guiding, and grid shape sieve at first filters out sandstone ash content, glass ceramics fragment, rigid plastics fragment and other impurity particle less than its gap.This part rubbish drops in the corresponding grey piecemeal material receiving hopper in cylinder leading portion below, is exported by spiral conveyer.
The long riser of six material copy risers of separating cylinder inwall because its width is narrower, just seethes height below the air duct to rubbish in the process of cylinder rotation, cause the rubbish of cylinder leading portion just the sandstone ash content to be screened, and do not participate in selection by winnowing.Because the sandstone ash content is not participated in the selection by winnowing of back at the leading portion of separating cylinder with regard to screened come out, so whole assorting room does not have dust to produce substantially, and seldom have dirt to be blown into the big sieve aperture of cylinder back segment.
The sieve aperture of the hole shape sieve of separating cylinder can come out that part of refuse classification based on organic matter less than 80-100mm.
Each short riser that separating cylinder back segment inwall step-wise manner distributes, the top that rubbish can be taken to the axial flow wind band that axially passes cylinder falls again; Also because the ladder of each short riser trend is opposite with the cylinder direction of rotation, on the separating cylinder circumferencial direction, be continuous screw, causing rubbish also is that the spiral that is continuous moves in order, so in specified desin speed scope, quantity and sequencing that each rubbish is participated in selection by winnowing are constant, so that rubbish sorting in cylinder gets is very abundant.Wherein waste plastic bag and sheet, film class plastics light body materials such as (the broken paper that mixes only a few) are blown into the air inducing feeding pipe of this sorting drive end unit, are sent to the process in plastics workshop through blast system.
Through the rubbish that hole shape screening is selected, drop on the organic matter receiving hopper of cylinder back segment correspondence, high temperature and high pressure hydrolysis operation for example in the treatment process after spiral conveyer outputs to based on organic matter.
Beyond the access door of opening when separatory vessel is removed maintenance, should a seal case under the normality.Its separating cylinder selection by winnowing air-flow all points to the air inducing feeding pipe under the separatory vessel rear wall, and therefore most light body plastics are by being blown outside the machine of drawing here.
Because the sectional area of separatory vessel is greater than the sectional area of cylinder, so enter the later wind-force of separatory vessel and blast is greatly diminished.Being mixed in distinguished and admirable central material successively begins to fall, heavier object and tumble the heavy body rubbish that gets off by separating cylinder and drop on weight in wet base material receiving hopper, this part rubbish is based on the rubbish of bulk inorganic matter (brick tile fragment), rigid plastics and comparison humidity, and this part rubbish can be used as raw material a little after the sorting and be sent to light body building materials workshop and make light body building materials.Can blow slightly far away be that braid, clothing and other combustiblerefuse of doing etc. drop on the combustiblerefuse receiving hopper, this part rubbish is sent between fuel vehicle to burn or to use special-purpose incinerator to burn as the thermal source in the technical process all can.
Because the humidity and the wind-force change of wind velocity of material, the drop point of various materials can change to some extent in the assorting room, can make different material fall into corresponding receiving hopper respectively by the angle of adjusting each striker plate.
In order to reach best separating effect, should selecting for use with the lower part of embodiment 1 can be regulated control: 1. the separating cylinder rotating speed is regulated by buncher; 2. the adjusting of air quantity and wind-force: except that the air duct air inlet adds adjustable damper, the blower fan of also having selected for use buncher to drag.3. in order to reach best broken bag effect, bag-breaking machine carrier bar axle is dragged by buncher.
The domestic garbage integrated separating machine sorting process rubbish total amount of embodiment 1 is 10 tons/hour, can sub-elect 0.5 ton/hour of waste plastic, based on 5.5 tons/hour in the rubbish of organic matter, based on 1.5 tons/hour in the rubbish of sandstone ash content, based on 1.6 tons/hour in the rubbish of combustible component, 0.6 ton/hour of bulk organic-inorganic mixed garbage, all the other 0.3 ton is ferromagnetic material.
Embodiment 2 as shown in Figure 7, and the broken bag case 5 of frame 1 high-end support, chain reamer 7, guide riser 4 and air inducing dedusting tube 6 and Fig. 1,2 illustrated embodiments 1 are identical.
It is identical in gravity guide angle that the separating cylinder 8 that is supported by the front and back support roller and separating cylinder are provided with and Fig. 1,2 illustrated embodiments 1 that the outlet that broken bag mechanism is connected material guiding hopper 3, material guiding hopper is connected.
Only be separating cylinder with the difference of embodiment 1, promptly the grid shape of separating cylinder 8 sieve 10 is supported in the outside that hole shape sieves 11 leading portions, and grid shape sieve 10 sieves 11 concentrics, its spacing scope 150-300mm with hole shape.
Separating cylinder 8 inwalls that include only hole shape sieve inwall are provided with the material copy riser that axially is symmetrically distributed along separating cylinder, and the material copy riser sieves the long riser 26 of leading section by corresponding separating cylinder top to hole shape and is connected successively in each short riser 12 of long riser rear end and constitutes.Short distribution and the structure with each short riser of the long riser of each of embodiment 2 is identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment illustrated in fig. 72 air duct 2, organic matter receiving hopper 21, grey piecemeal material receiving hopper 23, spiral conveyer 22, cage 9, desilting brush 25, separatory vessel 14 and access door 15 thereof, air inducing dedusting tube 6, flexible sealing baffle ring 13, weight in wet base material receiving hopper 20, combustiblerefuse receiving hopper 19, light body material receiving hopper 18, air inducing feeding pipe 17 are identical with embodiment 1 with adjustable angle striker plate 16.
The domestic garbage integrated separating machine start operating sequence of embodiment 2 is identical with embodiment 1.
The separating cylinder 8 length 8200mm of embodiment 2, diameter 1800mm.Grid shape is sieved 10 length 2400mm, diameter 2300mm.Drum rotation speed 45-48 rev/min.
The separator sorting process rubbish total amount of embodiment 2 is 20 tons/hour, wherein sub-elect 1 ton/hour of waste plastic, sub-elect organic matter and be 11 tons/hour in main rubbish, sub-elect based on 3 tons/hour in the rubbish of sandstone ash content, sorting sub-elects 1.2 tons/hour in bulk organic-inorganic rubbish based on 3.2 tons/hour in the rubbish of combustible component.All the other 0.6 ton is ferromagnetic material rubbish.
Above embodiment 1 and embodiment 2 material conveyer belt after feed mechanism and sorting is respectively equipped with the magnetic roller of go-on-go ferromagnetic material, and this structure adopts prior art.

Claims (10)

1. domestic garbage integrated separating machine, by the high-end broken bag case of frame, be connected in the material guiding hopper of broken bag case bottom, be connected in the separating cylinder and the receiving hopper of material guiding hopper and form, it is characterized in that: described broken bag case is provided with the chain reamer that is spacedly distributed, the broken bag case garbage inlet guide riser that has been spacedly distributed, the rotation each chain reamer respectively with the alternate setting of each guide riser, interval between the broken bag case garbage inlet chain reamer is 150-200mm, described separating cylinder is provided with the gravity guide angle to 3-10 ° of its rear portion inclination, the sorting cylindrical shell is provided with grid shape sieve and hole shape sieve, grid shape sieve is positioned at sorting cylindrical shell front portion, grid shape sieve is made of each the sieve ring that axially is spacedly distributed, sieve ring spacing scope is 8-20mm, the screen-aperture scope of hole shape sieve is 50-120mm, the sieve aperture spacing range is 10-20mm, be provided with the air duct that connects air blast in the separating cylinder, its air outlet is corresponding to the first half of grid shape sieve, described separating cylinder below is connected successively grey piecemeal material receiving hopper and organic matter receiving hopper, the outlet of each receiving hopper is respectively equipped with conveyer, the surface of corresponding grid shape sieve of described separating cylinder and hole shape sieve is provided with fixing cage, the bead and the cage of ash piecemeal material receiving hopper and organic matter receiving hopper are tightly connected, the rear end of described separating cylinder is connected separatory vessel, the separatory vessel bottom is provided with weight in wet base material receiving hopper from front to back successively, combustiblerefuse receiving hopper and light body material receiving hopper, the bottom of the rear side of separatory vessel and light body material receiving hopper is provided with the wind that is connected in air-introduced machine and sends pipe material.
2. integrated sorter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described broken bag case is provided with air inducing dedusting tube.
3. integrated sorter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the chain reamer of described broken bag case is made of with the bearing pin that is connected each carrier bar carrier bar.
4. integrated sorter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: grid shape sieve its rear end of described separating cylinder front portion is connected the hole shape sieve.
5. integrated sorter according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described separating cylinder inwall is provided with the material copy riser of axial symmetrical distribution, described inwall comprises grid shape sieve inwall and hole shape sieve inwall, the material copy riser sieves the long riser of rear end by separating cylinder top to grid shape and is connected successively in each short riser of long riser rear end and constitutes, wherein the extended line of each long riser minor face intersects at the separating cylinder axle center, the long limit of each short riser is parallel to the separating cylinder axle center and distributes with step-wise manner, its ladder trend is opposite with the separating cylinder direction of rotation, be provided with the angle of attack between the tangent line of each short riser and separating cylinder intersection point and the short riser plate face, angular range 25-60 ° with respect to the separating cylinder direction of rotation.
6. integrated sorter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the grid shape sieve of described separating cylinder front portion is supported in the outside of hole shape sieve leading portion, grid shape sieve and hole shape sieve concentric, its spacing scope 150-300mm.
7. integrated sorter according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described separating cylinder inwall is provided with the material copy riser of axial symmetrical distribution, described inwall is a hole shape sieve inwall, the material copy riser sieves anterior long riser by corresponding separating cylinder top to hole shape and is connected successively in each short riser of long riser rear end and constitutes, wherein the extended line of each long riser minor face intersects at the separating cylinder axial line, the long limit of each short riser is parallel to the separating cylinder axial line and distributes with step-wise manner, its ladder trend is opposite with the separating cylinder direction of rotation, be provided with the angle of attack between the tangent line of each short riser and separating cylinder intersection point and the short riser plate face, angular range 25-60 ° with respect to the separating cylinder direction of rotation.
8. integrated sorter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the convergence part of described separating cylinder and separatory vessel is provided with the elastic packing baffle ring.
9. integrated sorter according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described cage is provided with corresponding grid shape sieve and desilting contacted with it brush.
10. integrated sorter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the top of described separatory vessel is provided with air inducing dedusting tube, one side is provided with access door, and the feed end of its weight in wet base material receiving hopper, combustiblerefuse receiving hopper and light body material receiving hopper is provided with the adjustable angle striker plate that adapts to the material drop point.
CN200810152348A 2008-10-16 2008-10-16 Domestic garbage integrated separating machine CN101722172A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101850352A (en) * 2010-06-24 2010-10-06 江苏国昱环保科技发展有限公司 Comprehensive treatment device for rubbishes
CN102671864A (en) * 2012-05-29 2012-09-19 丹东市承天新能源开发有限公司 Garbage sorting machine
CN102861644A (en) * 2012-09-22 2013-01-09 芜湖奥宇机电有限公司 Crushing machine
CN103056022A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-04-24 华南再生资源(中山)有限公司 Combined screening system of kitchen wastes
CN103121009A (en) * 2013-03-03 2013-05-29 韶关核力重工机械有限公司 Vibration screening machine
CN103831289A (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-06-04 徐浩 Integrated multifunctional household garbage centrifugal sorting machine
CN103846274A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-06-11 湖南普泰尔微科环保科技有限公司 Domestic garbage bag-breaking and sorting all-in-one machine
CN103909065A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-07-09 沈阳航空航天大学 Continuous household garbage bouncing type gravity separation and magnetic separation integrated device
CN103934200A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-07-23 威海出入境检验检疫局检验检疫技术中心 Screening device
CN104028466A (en) * 2013-10-23 2014-09-10 崔成哲 Integrated sorting processing device for household garbage
CN104907315A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-16 北京世纪国瑞环境工程技术有限公司 Novel food waste full-automatic bag breaking and multiple media sorting machine
CN105214952A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 扬州大学 A kind of old stale garbage screening installation of mobile integral type and method
CN105478440A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-04-13 宜兴合一环保科技有限公司 Household garbage and organic waste harmless comprehensive treatment device
CN105879969A (en) * 2016-05-03 2016-08-24 金柯楠 Efficient feed grinder with two-level recycling and grinding functions
CN106694509A (en) * 2015-08-11 2017-05-24 李智路 Rotary screen type municipal waste transfer station classifying, sorting and sealing system
CN107087809A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-08-25 龙岩烟草工业有限责任公司 Tobacco drum, damping machine and tobacco machining production line
CN107244515A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-10-13 河北极度新能源科技有限公司 A kind of environment-protection garbage truck
CN109821865A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-05-31 金锋馥(滁州)输送机械有限公司 Sorter is used in house refuse sorting

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101850352A (en) * 2010-06-24 2010-10-06 江苏国昱环保科技发展有限公司 Comprehensive treatment device for rubbishes
CN101850352B (en) * 2010-06-24 2012-12-26 江苏国昱环保科技发展有限公司 Comprehensive treatment device for rubbishes
CN102671864A (en) * 2012-05-29 2012-09-19 丹东市承天新能源开发有限公司 Garbage sorting machine
CN102861644A (en) * 2012-09-22 2013-01-09 芜湖奥宇机电有限公司 Crushing machine
CN103056022A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-04-24 华南再生资源(中山)有限公司 Combined screening system of kitchen wastes
CN103056022B (en) * 2012-11-23 2015-07-08 华南再生资源(中山)有限公司 Combined screening system of kitchen wastes
CN103121009A (en) * 2013-03-03 2013-05-29 韶关核力重工机械有限公司 Vibration screening machine
CN104028466A (en) * 2013-10-23 2014-09-10 崔成哲 Integrated sorting processing device for household garbage
CN103846274A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-06-11 湖南普泰尔微科环保科技有限公司 Domestic garbage bag-breaking and sorting all-in-one machine
CN103846274B (en) * 2014-03-13 2015-11-11 湖南普泰尔微科环保科技有限公司 One way of life garbage bag breaking integrated machine for sorting
CN103831289A (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-06-04 徐浩 Integrated multifunctional household garbage centrifugal sorting machine
CN103934200A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-07-23 威海出入境检验检疫局检验检疫技术中心 Screening device
CN103909065A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-07-09 沈阳航空航天大学 Continuous household garbage bouncing type gravity separation and magnetic separation integrated device
CN103909065B (en) * 2014-03-31 2016-02-10 沈阳航空航天大学 One way of life rubbish continuous bounce gravity separation, magnetic separation coupling device
CN104907315A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-16 北京世纪国瑞环境工程技术有限公司 Novel food waste full-automatic bag breaking and multiple media sorting machine
CN104907315B (en) * 2015-05-27 2017-10-31 北京世纪国瑞环境工程技术有限公司 A kind of Novel kitchen rubbish automatically breaks band and medium separator
CN106694509A (en) * 2015-08-11 2017-05-24 李智路 Rotary screen type municipal waste transfer station classifying, sorting and sealing system
CN105214952A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 扬州大学 A kind of old stale garbage screening installation of mobile integral type and method
CN105478440A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-04-13 宜兴合一环保科技有限公司 Household garbage and organic waste harmless comprehensive treatment device
CN105879969A (en) * 2016-05-03 2016-08-24 金柯楠 Efficient feed grinder with two-level recycling and grinding functions
CN107087809A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-08-25 龙岩烟草工业有限责任公司 Tobacco drum, damping machine and tobacco machining production line
CN107244515A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-10-13 河北极度新能源科技有限公司 A kind of environment-protection garbage truck
CN109821865A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-05-31 金锋馥(滁州)输送机械有限公司 Sorter is used in house refuse sorting

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Application publication date: 20100609